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Mingwei Yuan, Fabián G Fernández, Cameron M Pittelkow, Kristin D Greer, Daniel Schaefer
Phosphorus fertilization can increase P losses in surface runoff, but limited information is available for fields with <2% slopes in the US Midwest. Our objectives were to determine the effects of tillage-fertilizer placement (no-till-broadcast, strip till-broadcast; or strip till-deep placement, -15-cm subsurface band) and fertilizer rate applied in the fall (0, 52, or 90 kg PO ha yr) on runoff P concentrations and loads in fields with <2% slopes near Pesotum, IL, during fall and spring simulation runoff events, and to measure corn ( L...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Quality
Zhaozhi Wang, T Q Zhang, C S Tan, P Vadas, Z M Qi, C Wellen
While applied manure/fertilizer is an important source of P loss in surface runoff, few models simulate the direct transfer of phosphorus (P) from soil-surface-applied manure/fertilizer to surface runoff. The SurPhos model was tested with 2008-2010 growing season daily surface runoff data from clay loam experimental plots subject to different manure/fertilizer applications. Model performance was evaluated on the basis of the coefficient of determination (R2 ), Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE), percent bias (PBIAS), and the ratio of the root mean square error to the standard deviation of observed values (RSR)...
May 22, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Matheus A Nascimento, Danilo R P Silva, Alex S Ribeiro, Fábio L C Pina, Aline M Gerage, Luís A Gobbo, Jerry L Mayhew, Edilson S Cyrino
Nascimento, MA, Silva, DRP, Ribeiro, AS, Pina, FLC, Gerage, AM, Gobbo, LA, Mayhew, JL, and Cyrino, ES. Agreement between bioelectrical impedance and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry to track changes in fat-free mass after resistance training in older women. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim of our study was to compare the agreement between bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to track changes on fat-free mass (FFM) after a resistance training (RT) program in older women...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Hendrik T Ensing, Ellen S Koster, Dasha J Dubero, Ad A van Dooren, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge poses a significant threat to the continuity of medication therapy and frequently results in drug-related problems post-discharge. Therefore, establishing continuity of care by realizing optimal collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists is of utmost importance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists on addressing drug-related problems after hospital discharge. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted between November 2013-December 2014 in a general hospital and all affiliated community pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Valentino Giarola, Niklas Udo Jung, Aishwarya Singh, Pooja Satpathy, Dorothea Bartels
Reproductive structures of plants (e.g. seeds) and vegetative tissues of resurrection plants can tolerate desiccation. Many genes encoding desiccation-related proteins (DRP) have been identified in the resurrection plant Craterostigma plantagineum, but the function of these genes remains mainly hypothetical. Here the importance of the DRP gene pcC13-62 for desiccation tolerance is evaluated by analysing the expression of this gene in C. plantagineum and in the closely related desiccation tolerant species Lindernia brevidens and desiccation sensitive species Lindernia subracemosa...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Hanna Kim, Rylee J Perentis, Guy A Caldwell, Kim A Caldwell
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex multifactorial disorder where environmental factors interact with genetic susceptibility. Accumulating evidence suggests that mitochondria have a central role in the progression of neurodegeneration in sporadic and/or genetic forms of PD. We previously reported that exposure to a secondary metabolite from the soil bacterium, Streptomyces venezuelae, results in age- and dose-dependent dopaminergic (DA) neurodegeneration in Caenorhabditis elegans and human SH-SY5Y neurons...
May 10, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Charlotte Scholtes, Stéphanie Bellemin, Edwige Martin, Maïté Carre-Pierrat, Bertrand Mollereau, Kathrin Gieseler, Ludivine Walter
Mitochondria are double-membrane subcellular organelles with highly conserved metabolic functions including ATP production. Mitochondria shapes change continually through the combined actions of fission and fusion events rendering mitochondrial network very dynamic. Mitochondria are largely implicated in pathologies and mitochondrial dynamics is often disrupted upon muscle degeneration in various models. Currently, the exact roles of mitochondria in the molecular mechanisms that lead to muscle degeneration remain poorly understood...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Reshma Susan Reji, Binit Kumar, N Sreedharan, Girish Thunga, K Vijayanarayana, Mahadev Rao, Karthik S Udupa, M K Unnikrishnan
Aims: Evaluation of supportive care management of cancer patients experiencing drug-related problems (DRPs) is a challenge because it might increase the cost due to additional therapy. The main objectives of this study were to estimate chemotherapy-associated drug-related hospital admissions in the department of medical oncology and to estimate the cost of managing chemotherapy-associated DRPs. Settings and Design: This study is a prospective observational study...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Patricia Quintana-Bárcena, Lyne Lalonde, Sophie Lauzier
BACKGROUND: Drug-related problems (DRPs) are highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Community pharmacists are ideally positioned to manage these DRPs. However, little is known about the factors influencing their interventions with CKD patients. OBJECTIVES: Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), this qualitative study sought to: (1) explore the behavioral beliefs (perceived advantages and disadvantages), normative beliefs (perceived expectations of significant others) and control beliefs (perceived barriers and facilitators) influencing community pharmacists' interventions related to identifying and managing DRPs in CKD; and (2) compare these beliefs among three DRPs prevalent in CKD patients...
April 6, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Na Yin, Hongwei Yang, Wei Yao, Ying Xia, Guanghong Ding
Nerve and mast cells are densely distributed around acupoints in connective tissue. To explore the internal relations between them in acupuncture effect, we examined dorsal root potential (DRP) response to acupuncture at Zusanli (ST36) under sodium cromoglicate (DSCG, a mast cell stabilizer) intervention in anesthetized Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. We used single unit nerve recording techniques to collect nerve signals from DRP afferent nerves for a 45-minute period that includes 4 stages, that is, base, drug absorption, acupuncture, and recovery stages...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Matthew Hickman, Colin Steer, Kate Tilling, Aaron G Lim, John Marsden, Tim Millar, John Strang, Maggie Telfer, Peter Vickerman, John Macleod
AIMS: To estimate whether opioid substitution treatment (OST) with buprenorphine or methadone is associated with a greater reduction in the risk of all-cause mortality (ACM) and opioid drug-related poisoning (DRP) mortality. DESIGN: Cohort study with linkage between clinical records from Clinical Practice Research Datalink and mortality register. SETTING: UK primary care. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 033 opioid-dependent patients who received OST from 1998 to 2014, followed-up for 30 410 person-years...
April 19, 2018: Addiction
Vina A Sagita, Anton Bahtiar, Retnosari Andrajati
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the role of a clinical pharmacist intervention in decreasing subsequent clinical and drug-related problems (DRPs) among coronary heart disease (CHD) inpatients with at least one previous DRP. Methods: This pre-experimental study with a pre-post design was carried out from January to April 2017 among inpatients with at least one previous DRP at a general hospital in Tangerang District, Banten, Indonesia. Clinical and DRPs were documented prospectively by a clinical pharmacist, with DRPs classified using Version 6...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Sasha M Daskalova, Xiaoguang Bai, Sidney M Hecht
DNA polymerase β (Pol β) participates in mammalian base excision repair. The enzyme has a two-domain architecture, reflecting its dual functionality. The polymerase activity, which replaces damaged nucleosides removed during an initial excision process, is within the C-terminal 31 kDa domain, while the N-terminal 8 kDa domain participates in a lyase function, working to remove a 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (5'-dRP) moiety from the damaged DNA substrate. The currently accepted mechanism of the lyase reaction involves a transient covalent enzyme-DNA intermediate in the form of a Schiff base connecting Lys72 of the enzyme with the 5'-dRP moiety...
May 8, 2018: Biochemistry
K Schuetze, M Kraus, A Eickhoff, F Gebhard, P H Richter
BACKGROUND: Hybrid operating rooms are used in different fields of surgery. In orthopedic surgery, the possibility of a 3D scan of difficult anatomical regions (spine, pelvis) showed promising results not only in navigated screw placement. The associated exposure to radiation raises questions regarding potential risks for the operating room personal and the patient. The present study focuses on scatter radiation during 3D scans in a hybrid operating room, the adjacent rooms, and methods to reduce radiation exposure...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Ivy Goh, Olive Lai, Lita Chew
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This was a single center, retrospective cross-sectional study looking into the incidence and types of drug-related problems (DRPs) detected among elderly cancer patients receiving at least three long-term medications concurrent with IV chemotherapy, and the types of intervention taken to address these DRPs. This paper serves to elucidate the prevalence and risk of polypharmacy in our geriatric oncology population in an ambulatory care setting, to raise awareness on this growing issue and to encourage more resource allocation to address this healthcare phenomenon...
March 26, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
Subramanyam Dasari, Angela Lincy Prem Antony Samy, Parnal Narvekar, Venkata Satish Dontaraju, Ramesh Dasari, Alexander Kornienko, Gnanasekar Munirathinam
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of death in American men. The chemotherapeutic treatment strategies are generally not effective and can lead to side effects. Hence, there is an urgent need to identify novel chemotherapeutic agents. The aim of this study was to synthesize and evaluate the therapeutic effects of a synthetic analog of polygodial (PG), a pungent constituent abundantly present in mountain pepper, water pepper and dorrigo pepper, on LNCaP PCa cell line and its anti-cancer mechanisms in a preclinical study...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Jiulong Li, Bing Tian, Tao Li, Shang Dai, Yulan Weng, Jianjiang Lu, Xiaolin Xu, Ye Jin, Renjiang Pang, Yuejin Hua
Background: Biosynthesis of noble metallic nanoparticles (NPs) has attracted significant interest due to their environmental friendly and biocompatible properties. Methods: In this study, we investigated syntheses of Au, Ag and Au-Ag bimetallic NPs using protein extracts of Deinococcus radiodurans , which demonstrated powerful metal-reducing ability. The obtained NPs were characterized and analyzed by various spectroscopy techniques. Results: The D...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
A Castronovo, F Gervais, C Mongaret, F Slimano
OBJECTIVES: While many international studies widely describe pharmacists' interventions (PIs) on drug-related problems (DRP) in community pharmacies, in France, these activities are underreported. The aim of this study is to describe the PI rate, given as the number of interventions in among all prescriptions reviewed during the study period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted in one French rural community pharmacy during a 7-month period. Age, sex, type of prescriber, type of problems, intervention and the outcome were prospectively recorded...
March 16, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Helen Benson, Cherie Lucas, Walter Kmet, Shalom I Benrimoj, Kylie Williams
Background Team based care has been used internationally to improve the delivery of best practice primary health care. The WentWest General Practice Pharmacist Project, involving the integration of pharmacists within general practice teams, was commissioned to improve medication management of general practice patients. A particular focus of the project was the performance of medication review to allow the detection and resolution of drug related problems (DRPs). Objective The objectives of this 6-month study (October 2016-March 2017) were to: (1) identify and classify the DRPs detected as a result of pharmacist activities within a general practice primary care setting...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Carlos H Trasviña-Arenas, Noe Baruch-Torres, Francisco J Cordoba-Andrade, Víctor M Ayala-García, Paola L García-Medel, Corina Díaz-Quezada, Antolín Peralta-Castro, José Juan Ordaz-Ortiz, Luis G Brieba
Plant mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes encode essential proteins for oxidative phosphorylation and photosynthesis. For proper cellular function, plant organelles must ensure genome integrity. Although plant organelles repair damaged DNA using the multi-enzyme Base Excision Repair (BER) pathway, the details of this pathway in plant organelles are largely unknown. The initial enzymatic steps in BER produce a 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (5'-dRP) moiety that must be removed to allow DNA ligation and in plant organelles, the enzymes responsible for the removal of a 5'-dRP group are unknown...
May 2018: DNA Repair
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