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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908514/video-capsule-endoscopy-technology-reading-and-troubleshooting
#1
REVIEW
Jodie A Barkin, Jamie S Barkin
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has completed the endoscopic visualization of the entire luminal gastrointestinal tract. VCE can be performed in inpatients and outpatients, requires appropriate bowel preparation before the study, and can be administered via oral swallowing or endoscopic device placement into the small bowel based on outlined patient-dependent factors. Current commercially available VCE systems were reviewed and compared for individual features and attributes. This article focuses on preparation for VCE, currently available VCE technology, how to read a VCE study, and risks and contraindications to VCE...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859412/oesophageal-lichen-planus-the-efficacy-of-topical-steroid-based-therapies
#2
A Podboy, D Sunjaya, T C Smyrk, J A Murray, M Binder, D A Katzka, J A Alexander, M Halland
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal lichen planus is an idiopathic inflammatory disorder characterized by significant oesophageal stricturing. Oesophageal lichen planus is a rare, difficult to diagnose, and likely an under recognized disease. As a result, there is no standardized approach to therapy and treatment strategies vary. AIM: To examine the utility of topical steroid therapy (fluticasone or budesonide) in the management of oesophageal lichen planus. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients diagnosed with oesophageal lichen planus who underwent baseline and follow up endoscopy pre and post topical steroid therapy between 1995 and 2016 at Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN...
November 17, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847061/endoscopic-repair-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-with-an-atrial-septal-occluder-device
#3
Alessandro Vivacqua, Dhananjay Malankar, Jay J Idrees, Thomas W Rice, Daniel P Raymond, Eric E Roselli
A 32-year-old woman presented with recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula. Although she had undergone open repair three times in her first year of life, a residual small leak was left. In the past 2 years she had experienced several lower respiratory tract infections and she had lost 5 kilograms in the past 2 months. Recent argon plasma coagulation cauterization and clipping of the fistula had failed, so an alternative technique with placement of an atrial septal occluder device was used to obliterate the fistula...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844264/does-routine-endoscopy-or-contrast-swallow-study-after-esophagectomy-and-gastric-tube-reconstruction-change-patient-management
#4
N Nederlof, J de Jonge, T de Vringer, T C K Tran, M C W Spaander, H W Tilanus, B P L Wijnhoven
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a severe complication after esophagectomy. The objective was to investigate the diagnostic and predictive value of routine contrast swallow study and endoscopy for the detection of anastomotic dehiscence in patients after esophagectomy. METHODS: All patients who underwent contrast swallow and/or endoscopy within 7 days after oesophagectomy for cancer between January 2005 and December 2009 were selected from an institutional database...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813017/tri-comparison-of-laparoscopic-nissen-hill-and-nissen-hill-hybrid-repairs-for-uncomplicated-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#5
Andreas M Schneider, Ralph W Aye, Candice L Wilshire, Alexander S Farivar, Brian E Louie
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) showed that laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) and Hill (LHR) repairs are equivalent in treating uncomplicated GERD. We combined both repairs to create a laparoscopic Nissen-Hill Hybrid repair (HYB). The purpose of this study is to compare clinical and objective outcomes of a matched group of HYB to the two cohorts of the RCT. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from the RCT and a prospectively collected data base was performed...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784974/incidence-clinical-features-and-para-clinical-findings-of-achalasia-in-algeria-experience-of-25-years
#6
Amar Tebaibia, Mohammed Amine Boudjella, Djamel Boutarene, Farouk Benmediouni, Hakim Brahimi, Nadia Oumnia
AIM: To investigate the incidence of achalasia in Algeria and to determine its clinical and para-clinical profile. To evaluate the impact of continuing medical education (CME) on the incidence of this disease. METHODS: From 1990 to 2014, 1256 patients with achalasia were enrolled in this prospective study. A campaign of CME on diagnosis involving different regions of the country was conducted between 1999 and 2003. Annual incidence and prevalence were calculated by relating the number of diagnosed cases to 10(5) inhabitants...
October 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759771/late-evaluation-of-patients-operated-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-by-nissen-fundoplication
#7
Maxwel Capsy Boga Ribeiro, Amanda Bueno de Araújo, Juverson Alves Terra-Júnior, Eduardo Crema, Nelson Adami Andreollo
Background: Surgical treatment of GERD by Nissen fundoplication is effective and safe, providing good results in the control of the disease. However, some authors have questioned the efficacy of this procedure and few studies on the long-term outcomes are available in the literature, especially in Brazil. Aim: To evaluate patients operated for gastro-esophageal reflux disease, for at least 10 years, by Nissen fundoplication. Methods: Thirty-two patients were interviewed and underwent upper digestive endoscopy, esophageal manometry, 24 h pH monitoring and barium esophagogram, before and after Nissen fundoplication...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732774/acute-gastric-injury-caused-by-undissolved-sodium-picosulfate-magnesium-citrate-powder
#8
Eun Young Ze, Chang Hwan Choi, Jeong Wook Kim
Sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC) is a widely used oral bowel cleansing agent considered to be relatively safe. However, partially dissolved or undissolved SPMC powder may cause severe injuries of the esophagus and stomach. We report a very rare case of acute gastric injury without esophageal damage caused by the ingestion of undissolved SPMC powder. A 69-year-old man experienced epigastric pain after swallowing SPMC powder without dissolving it in water in preparation for a screening colonoscopy...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719865/functional-disorders-of-swallowing
#9
A Baumann, P O Katz
Swallowing involves complex coordination of the neuromuscular anatomy and physiology of the oropharynx and esophagus, controlled by the enteric and central nervous systems. Dysphagia is classified as either oropharyngeal or esophageal and results from mechanical or structural disturbances. Videofluoroscopy, fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, barium swallow, manometry, and endoscopy are common modalities utilized in diagnosis, but none is as important as a patient's history. Functional dysphagia is a diagnosis of exclusion and is based on Rome criteria...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664900/the-role-of-computed-tomography-angiography-in-the-detection-of-aerodigestive-tract-injury-following-penetrating-neck-injury
#10
Andre S Madsen, George Oosthuizen, Grant L Laing, John L Bruce, Damian Luiz Clarke
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to audit our experience with computed tomography angiography (CTA) for the detection of aerodigestive tract injury (ADTI) following penetrating neck injury (PNI) and to assess the significance of deep surgical emphysema on CTA. METHODS: A prospectively maintained trauma registry at the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa was retrospectively interrogated. The data of all patients with PNI investigated with CTA over a 4-y period were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598616/a-swallowed-metal-nail-entrapped-in-the-right-psoas-muscle
#11
İhsan Yıldız, Yavuz Savaş Koca, İbrahim Barut
Foreign body ingestion can be caused by many factors, including hallucination in patients with mental retardation. Most ingested foreign bodies are naturally discharged, though surgical intervention is necessary in some cases. Endoscopic intervention often leads to successful outcome, though open surgery may be required in certain instances. A 29-year-old mentally retarded woman presented to emergency services with a 2-day history of right lumbar pain that increased with movement. Physical examination revealed no specific sign beyond palpable tenderness in the right lumbar region...
July 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588296/the-role-of-the-endoscopist-in-the-stroke-unit
#12
REVIEW
Thomas Frieling
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebral stroke is a common problem that is frequently associated with dysphagia resulting in an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, complication, and mortality. METHODS: A literature review was carried out using the search terms 'stroke unit and endoscopy', 'stroke unit and dysphagia', and 'stroke unit and gastroenterology'. RESULTS: Only few papers focus on the role of endoscopy in stroke units. One major role is the early detection of dysphagia by flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES)...
February 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576498/motility-characteristics-in-the-transition-zone-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gord-patients
#13
Yu-Wen Li, Chen-Xi Xie, Kai-Ming Wu, Min-Hu Chen, Ying-Lian Xiao
BACKGROUND: Defects in distal oesophageal peristalsis was thought to be an indication of incomplete bolus transit (BT). However, the role of transition zone (TZ) defects in the BT in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) patients needs clarification. The aim of this study was to assess the TZ defects in GORD patients and to explore the relationship between TZ defects and BT. METHODS: One hundred and two patients with reflux symptoms and 20 healthy adults were included in the study...
August 30, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561634/sponge-sampling-with-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization-as-a-screening-tool-for-the-early-detection-of-esophageal-cancer
#14
Kelly R Haisley, James P Dolan, Susan B Olson, Sergio A Toledo-Valdovinos, Kyle D Hart, Gene Bakis, Brintha K Enestvedt, John G Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Sponge cytology is a novel screening tool for esophageal cancer but has been unable to be validated for widespread use. Our aim was to apply fluorescent in situ hybridization to sponge cytology samples in order to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this modality in screening for esophageal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At a single, multidisciplinary, NCI-designated cancer center, patients completed sponge cytology sampling prior to upper endoscopy...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557545/esophageal-acid-clearance-during-random-swallowing-is-faster-in-patients-with-barrett-s-esophagus-than-in-healthy-controls
#15
Christian Lottrup, Anne L Krarup, Hans Gregersen, Per Ejstrud, Asbjørn M Drewes
Background/Aims: Impaired esophageal acid clearance may be a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus. However, few studies have measured acid clearance as such in these patients. In this explorative, cross-sectional study, we aimed to compare esophageal acid clearance and swallowing rate in patients with Barrett's esophagus to that in healthy controls. Methods: A total of 26 patients with histology-confirmed Barrett's esophagus and 12 healthy controls underwent (1) upper endoscopy, (2) an acid clearance test using a pH-impedance probe under controlled conditions including controlled and random swallowing, and (3) an ambulatory pH-impedance measurement...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514535/left-subclavian-artery-esophageal-fistula-induced-by-a-paper-star-a-case-report
#16
Chen-Sheng Lin, Cheng-Wen Lin
A subclavian artery-esophageal fistula usually occurs on the right side of an aberrant subclavian artery. It also rarely appears in the site between a non-aberrant subclavian artery and the esophagus due to the ingestion of a foreign body. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the case of a subclavian artery-esophageal fistula is rare but often fatal. Here, we report on a 62-year-old male patient with a left subclavian arteryesophageal fistula complicated by hemorrhagic shock. He swallowed a foreign body at a birthday party...
June 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504423/zinsser-cole-engman-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#17
Chaitanya Penmatsa, Sharada Reddy Jampanapalli, Sushma Bezawada, Uday Kumar Chowdary Birapu, Vasantha Kumari Radharapu
Zinsser-Cole-Engmann syndrome also called Dyskeratosis Congenita (DKC) is a rare genodermatosis first described by Zinsser in 1906. Mutations in DKC1 gene is responsible for DKC. It is usually inherited as an X-linked recessive trait, resulting in a striking male predilection. It is characterized by a triad of reticular skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and mucosal leukoplakia. Complications include predisposition to malignancy and bone marrow failure. Here, we report a case of DKC in a 9-year-old boy with classic triad of signs...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496165/what-is-the-role-of-radiological-testing-of-lower-esophageal-sphincter-function
#18
Martina Scharitzer, Peter Pokieser
Radiological fluoroscopic evaluation remains the primary imaging modality of choice to evaluate patients with swallowing disorders, despite the increasing availability and technical advantages of nonradiological techniques and the current radiological focus on cross-sectional imaging studies, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The radiological swallowing evaluation should be tailored to assess the entire upper gastrointestinal tract, including the lower esophageal sphincter. Fluoroscopy enables the simultaneous assessment of esophageal motility disorders, as well as structural pathologies, including strictures, webs, rings, diverticula, and tumors...
August 6, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496062/effective-management-of-cricopharyngeal-achalasia-in-infants-and-children-with-dilatation-alone
#19
Gulnur Gollu, Numan Demir, Ufuk Ates, Selen Serel Aslan, Ergun Ergun, Gonul Kucuk, Aydin Yagmurlu
AIM: Cricopharyngeal achalasia (CPA) is a rare clinical condition that is characterized by aspiration, choking, and nasopharyngeal regurgitation. The aim of this study is to introduce the outcomes of dilatation alone in children with CPA. PATIENTS AND METHOD: After the evaluation of upper esophageal sphincter with endoscopy, dilatation was performed. All patients underwent videofluoroscopic evaluation and swallowing therapy after the surgical procedure. A retrospective chart review was performed in children with CPA...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431077/-a-clinical-study-of-fungal-esophagitis-in-13-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies
#20
Y L Zhou, X D Wei, R H Mi, H Ai, L N Zhang, Y Y Liu, Y F Li, Y P Song
OBJECTIVE: To improve the clinical understanding of fungal esophagitis in patients with hematologic malignancies. METHOD: The clinical data of a cohort of 279 patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent gastroscopy between 2012 and 2015 in the Endoscopy Center of Henan Tumor Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of fungal esophagitis in patients with heratologic malignancies. RESULTS: 13 of the 279 patients were diagnosed as fungal esophagitis (4...
June 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
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