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Endoscopy swallowing

Maxwel Capsy Boga Ribeiro, Amanda Bueno de Araújo, Juverson Alves Terra-Júnior, Eduardo Crema, Nelson Adami Andreollo
Background: Surgical treatment of GERD by Nissen fundoplication is effective and safe, providing good results in the control of the disease. However, some authors have questioned the efficacy of this procedure and few studies on the long-term outcomes are available in the literature, especially in Brazil. Aim: To evaluate patients operated for gastro-esophageal reflux disease, for at least 10 years, by Nissen fundoplication. Methods: Thirty-two patients were interviewed and underwent upper digestive endoscopy, esophageal manometry, 24 h pH monitoring and barium esophagogram, before and after Nissen fundoplication...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Eun Young Ze, Chang Hwan Choi, Jeong Wook Kim
Sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC) is a widely used oral bowel cleansing agent considered to be relatively safe. However, partially dissolved or undissolved SPMC powder may cause severe injuries of the esophagus and stomach. We report a very rare case of acute gastric injury without esophageal damage caused by the ingestion of undissolved SPMC powder. A 69-year-old man experienced epigastric pain after swallowing SPMC powder without dissolving it in water in preparation for a screening colonoscopy...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
A Baumann, P O Katz
Swallowing involves complex coordination of the neuromuscular anatomy and physiology of the oropharynx and esophagus, controlled by the enteric and central nervous systems. Dysphagia is classified as either oropharyngeal or esophageal and results from mechanical or structural disturbances. Videofluoroscopy, fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, barium swallow, manometry, and endoscopy are common modalities utilized in diagnosis, but none is as important as a patient's history. Functional dysphagia is a diagnosis of exclusion and is based on Rome criteria...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Andre S Madsen, George Oosthuizen, Grant L Laing, John L Bruce, Damian Luiz Clarke
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to audit our experience with computed tomography angiography (CTA) for the detection of aerodigestive tract injury (ADTI) following penetrating neck injury (PNI) and to assess the significance of deep surgical emphysema on CTA. METHODS: A prospectively maintained trauma registry at the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa was retrospectively interrogated. The data of all patients with PNI investigated with CTA over a 4-y period were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
İhsan Yıldız, Yavuz Savaş Koca, İbrahim Barut
Foreign body ingestion can be caused by many factors, including hallucination in patients with mental retardation. Most ingested foreign bodies are naturally discharged, though surgical intervention is necessary in some cases. Endoscopic intervention often leads to successful outcome, though open surgery may be required in certain instances. A 29-year-old mentally retarded woman presented to emergency services with a 2-day history of right lumbar pain that increased with movement. Physical examination revealed no specific sign beyond palpable tenderness in the right lumbar region...
July 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Thomas Frieling
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebral stroke is a common problem that is frequently associated with dysphagia resulting in an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, complication, and mortality. METHODS: A literature review was carried out using the search terms 'stroke unit and endoscopy', 'stroke unit and dysphagia', and 'stroke unit and gastroenterology'. RESULTS: Only few papers focus on the role of endoscopy in stroke units. One major role is the early detection of dysphagia by flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES)...
February 2016: Visc Med
Yu-Wen Li, Chen-Xi Xie, Kai-Ming Wu, Min-Hu Chen, Ying-Lian Xiao
BACKGROUND: Defects in distal oesophageal peristalsis was thought to be an indication of incomplete bolus transit (BT). However, the role of transition zone (TZ) defects in the BT in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) patients needs clarification. The aim of this study was to assess the TZ defects in GORD patients and to explore the relationship between TZ defects and BT. METHODS: One hundred and two patients with reflux symptoms and 20 healthy adults were included in the study...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Kelly R Haisley, James P Dolan, Susan B Olson, Sergio A Toledo-Valdovinos, Kyle D Hart, Gene Bakis, Brintha K Enestvedt, John G Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Sponge cytology is a novel screening tool for esophageal cancer but has been unable to be validated for widespread use. Our aim was to apply fluorescent in situ hybridization to sponge cytology samples in order to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this modality in screening for esophageal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At a single, multidisciplinary, NCI-designated cancer center, patients completed sponge cytology sampling prior to upper endoscopy...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Christian Lottrup, Anne L Krarup, Hans Gregersen, Per Ejstrud, Asbjørn M Drewes
Background/Aims: Impaired esophageal acid clearance may be a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus. However, few studies have measured acid clearance as such in these patients. In this explorative, cross-sectional study, we aimed to compare esophageal acid clearance and swallowing rate in patients with Barrett's esophagus to that in healthy controls. Methods: A total of 26 patients with histology-confirmed Barrett's esophagus and 12 healthy controls underwent (1) upper endoscopy, (2) an acid clearance test using a pH-impedance probe under controlled conditions including controlled and random swallowing, and (3) an ambulatory pH-impedance measurement...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Chen-Sheng Lin, Cheng-Wen Lin
A subclavian artery-esophageal fistula usually occurs on the right side of an aberrant subclavian artery. It also rarely appears in the site between a non-aberrant subclavian artery and the esophagus due to the ingestion of a foreign body. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the case of a subclavian artery-esophageal fistula is rare but often fatal. Here, we report on a 62-year-old male patient with a left subclavian arteryesophageal fistula complicated by hemorrhagic shock. He swallowed a foreign body at a birthday party...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Chaitanya Penmatsa, Sharada Reddy Jampanapalli, Sushma Bezawada, Uday Kumar Chowdary Birapu, Vasantha Kumari Radharapu
Zinsser-Cole-Engmann syndrome also called Dyskeratosis Congenita (DKC) is a rare genodermatosis first described by Zinsser in 1906. Mutations in DKC1 gene is responsible for DKC. It is usually inherited as an X-linked recessive trait, resulting in a striking male predilection. It is characterized by a triad of reticular skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and mucosal leukoplakia. Complications include predisposition to malignancy and bone marrow failure. Here, we report a case of DKC in a 9-year-old boy with classic triad of signs...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Martina Scharitzer, Peter Pokieser
Radiological fluoroscopic evaluation remains the primary imaging modality of choice to evaluate patients with swallowing disorders, despite the increasing availability and technical advantages of nonradiological techniques and the current radiological focus on cross-sectional imaging studies, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The radiological swallowing evaluation should be tailored to assess the entire upper gastrointestinal tract, including the lower esophageal sphincter. Fluoroscopy enables the simultaneous assessment of esophageal motility disorders, as well as structural pathologies, including strictures, webs, rings, diverticula, and tumors...
August 6, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Gulnur Gollu, Numan Demir, Ufuk Ates, Selen Serel Aslan, Ergun Ergun, Gonul Kucuk, Aydin Yagmurlu
AIM: Cricopharyngeal achalasia (CPA) is a rare clinical condition that is characterized by aspiration, choking, and nasopharyngeal regurgitation. The aim of this study is to introduce the outcomes of dilatation alone in children with CPA. PATIENTS AND METHOD: After the evaluation of upper esophageal sphincter with endoscopy, dilatation was performed. All patients underwent videofluoroscopic evaluation and swallowing therapy after the surgical procedure. A retrospective chart review was performed in children with CPA...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Y L Zhou, X D Wei, R H Mi, H Ai, L N Zhang, Y Y Liu, Y F Li, Y P Song
OBJECTIVE: To improve the clinical understanding of fungal esophagitis in patients with hematologic malignancies. METHOD: The clinical data of a cohort of 279 patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent gastroscopy between 2012 and 2015 in the Endoscopy Center of Henan Tumor Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of fungal esophagitis in patients with heratologic malignancies. RESULTS: 13 of the 279 patients were diagnosed as fungal esophagitis (4...
June 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Ayumu Hirata, Hiroki Funato, Megumi Nakai, Michiro Iizuka, Noriaki Abe, Yusuke Yagi, Hisashi Shiraishi, Kohei Jobu, Junko Yokota, Kahori Hirose, Masamitsu Hyodo, Mitsuhiko Miyamura
We previously prepared and pharmaceutically evaluated ginger orally disintegrating (OD) tablets, optimized the base formulation, and carried out a clinical trial in healthy adults in their 20 s and 50s to measure their effect on salivary substance P (SP) level and improved swallowing function. In this study, we conducted clinical trials using the ginger OD tablets in older people to clinically evaluate the improvements in swallowing function resulting from the functional components of the tablet. The ginger OD tablets were prepared by mixing the excipients with the same amount of mannitol and sucrose to a concentration of 1% ginger...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Angelo Zullo, Paola Cerro, Anastassios Chios, Alessandro Andriani, Giuseppina Balsamo, Vincenzo De Francesco, Vincenzo Bruzzese
Dysphagia is an alarm symptom requiring a prompt investigation. Different benign and malignant diseases may present such a symptom. We describe a case of a 79-year-old patient who complained of fluctuating dysphagia episodes following solid food ingestion in the previous 5 months with mild weight loss. No other gastrointestinal symptoms were present. The patient was referred by the General Practitioner for a videofluoroscopic swallow examination which revealed nodularity of mucosa surface in the oropharynx, esophagus, fundus, and gastric body...
July 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Thaís Coelho Alves, Paula Cristina Cola, Rarissa Rúbia Dallaqua Dos Santos, Suely Mayumi Motonaga, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
Huntington's disease (HD) is a degenerative genetic disorder with autosomal-dominant transmission. The triad of symptoms of this disease consists of psychiatric disorders, jerky movements, and dementia. Oropharyngeal dysphagia, which is more evident with disease progression, is also present. Few studies have addressed the swallowing characteristics using objective analysis in this population. The purpose of this research was to describe the swallowing endoscopic findings of the pharyngeal phase in HD. This is a cross-sectional study addressing a clinical case which included two individuals of the same family, male, 32 and 63 years old, designated as individual A and individual B, with progression of the disease for five and 13 years, respectively...
June 23, 2016: CoDAS
Sebastian Schostek, Melanie Zimmermann, Jan Keller, Mario Fode, Michael Melbert, Marc O Schurr, Thomas Gottwald, Ruediger L Prosst
BACKGROUND: An acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding event is an emergency situation which requires immediate endoscopic assessment and treatment. A new telemetric real-time intracorporeal bleeding sensor can help in the timely diagnosis of an acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding event: The sensor capsule, HemoPill, is swallowed by the patient if gastrointestinal bleeding is suspected. Information about the bleeding status is displayed by telemetric communication of the capsule with an extracorporeal receiver...
October 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Ciro Andolfi, Robert T Kavitt, Fernando A M Herbella, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia and regurgitation are considered typical symptoms of achalasia. However, there is mounting evidence that some achalasia patients may also experience respiratory symptoms such as cough, wheezing, and hoarseness. AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine: (1) what percentage of achalasia patients experience respiratory symptoms and (2) the effect of a laparoscopic Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication on the typical and respiratory symptoms of achalasia...
September 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Marzio Frazzoni, Nicola de Bortoli, Leonardo Frazzoni, Manuele Furnari, Irene Martinucci, Salvatore Tolone, Andrea Farioli, Santino Marchi, Lorenzo Fuccio, Vincenzo Savarino, Edoardo Savarino
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitive esophagus (HE) is defined by endoscopy-negative heartburn with a normal acid exposure time but positive symptom association probability (SAP) and/or symptom index (SI) on impedance-pH monitoring, and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) responsiveness. Functional heartburn (FH) is distinguished by negative SAP/SI and PPI refractoriness. The clinical value of SAP and SI has been questioned. We aimed to investigate whether impairment of chemical clearance and of mucosal integrity, expressed by the postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index and the mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI), characterize HE independently of SAP and SI...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
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