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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814532/developmental-process-and-early-phases-of-implementation-for-the-us-interagency-committee-on-human-nutrition-research-national-nutrition-research-roadmap-2016-2021
#1
Sheila E Fleischhacker, Rachel M Ballard, Pamela E Starke-Reed, Deborah A Galuska, Marian L Neuhouser
The Interagency Committee on Human Nutrition Research (ICHNR) is charged with improving the planning, coordination, and communication among federal agencies engaged in nutrition research and with facilitating the development and updating of plans for federal research programs to meet current and future domestic and international needs for nutrition. The ICHNR is co-chaired by the USDA Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics and Chief Scientist and the US Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Health and is made up of >10 departments and agencies...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814400/mediation-and-modification-of-genetic-susceptibility-to-obesity-by-eating-behaviors
#2
Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Emma Ad Clifton, Felix R Day, Karine Clément, Soren Brage, Nita G Forouhi, Simon J Griffin, Yves Akoli Koudou, Véronique Pelloux, Nicholas J Wareham, Marie-Aline Charles, Barbara Heude, Ken K Ong
Background: Many genetic variants show highly robust associations with body mass index (BMI). However, the mechanisms through which genetic susceptibility to obesity operates are not well understood. Potentially modifiable mechanisms, including eating behaviors, are of particular interest to public health.Objective: Here we explore whether eating behaviors mediate or modify genetic susceptibility to obesity.Design: Genetic risk scores for BMI (BMI-GRSs) were calculated for 3515 and 2154 adults in the Fenland and EDEN (Etude des déterminants pré et postnatals de la santé et du développement de l'enfant) population-based cohort studies, respectively...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811750/availability-of-a-sports-dietitian-may-lead-to-improved-performance-and-recovery-of-ncaa-division-i-baseball-athletes
#3
Michael V Hull, Jonathan Neddo, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to survey dietary habits (DH) and nutrient timing (NT) practices of baseball student-athletes (mean ± SD; 20.7 ± 1.4 yr.) from three NCAA Division I institutions, and examine the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) in regard to nutrition practices. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and Pearson X(2) analyses were run. Responses on 10 DH and 5 NT items differed (p ≤ 0.10) between athletes who sought dietary planning from a SD (n = 36) versus those who consulted a strength and conditioning coach (SCC, n = 42)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811735/asian-american-dietary-sources-of-sodium-and-salt-behaviors-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups-nhanes-2011-2012
#4
Melanie J Firestone, Jeannette M Beasley, Simona C Kwon, Jiyoung Ahn, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi
OBJECTIVE: Asian Americans consume more sodium than other racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this analysis was to describe major sources of sodium intake to inform sodium reduction initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on adults (aged >18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012 with one 24-hour dietary recall were analyzed (n=5,076). Population proportions were calculated from "What We Eat in America" (WWEIA) food categories...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805734/grain-foods-are-contributors-of-nutrient-density-for-american-adults-and-help-close-nutrient-recommendation-gaps-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2012
#5
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) maintains recommendations for increased consumption of whole grains while limiting intake of enriched/refined grains. A variety of enriched grains are sources of several shortfall nutrients identified by 2015-2020 DGA, including dietary fiber, folate, iron, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to determine food sources of energy and nutrients for free-living U.S. adults using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012...
August 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802591/maternal-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-behaviors-as-correlates-of-preadolescent-s-breakfast-habits
#6
Reem A Ali, Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Karimeh M Alnuaimi, Fatmeh A Alzoubi
PURPOSE: To explore factors affecting skipping breakfast rate, and to identify its perceived reasons among preadolescent students and their mothers in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using cluster stratified sampling, preadolescent (10-11years) students (N=1915) and their mothers (N=1299) from 26 public and private schools completed a self-reported questionnaire. Breakfast skipping and its related habits were described. Children's and mothers' perceptions of regular breakfast eating and sociodemographic factors were analyzed in relation to breakfast skipping in children...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802299/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-diet-and-physical-activity-decisions-implications-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-china
#7
Youfa Wang, Alice Fang Yan, Xinyu Shi, Huijun Wang, Zhiyong Wang, Joel Gittelsohn, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. This study aimed to understand how children and parents in China make eating and physical activity (PA) decisions, considering individual, family, community, social, and environmental factors, and to collect parents' recommendations for interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802298/increased-pre-school-overweight-and-obesity-prevalence-between-2004-and-2013-is-associated-with-appetite-eating-frequency-and-supportive-facilities-the-jiaxing-birth-cohort-in-china
#8
Huijuan Liu, Ju-Sheng Zheng, Jing Li, Yu Chen, Wei Zhao, Tao Huang, Bo Yang, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is increasing. However, little is known about the changes in di-etary factors and supportive facilities associated with childhood obesity. We aimed to document the changes in various dietary factors and supportive facilities and their associations with obesity among pre-school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Among 42,531 children 4-5 years old, recruited between 2004 and 2013 in the Jiax-ing Birth Cohort, we examined the changes in the prevalence of various dietary factors and supportive facilities and overweight/obesity over 10 years...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801958/virtual-reality-jogging-as-a-novel-exposure-paradigm-for-the-acute-urge-to-be-physically-active-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-implications-for-treatment
#9
Georgios Paslakis, Vanessa Fauck, Kathrin Röder, Elisabeth Rauh, Manfred Rauh, Yesim Erim
The acute urge to be physically active is a relevant clinical phenomenon in patients suffering from eating disorders. In this study with n = 20 female patients with anorexia nervosa and n = 10 female patients with bulimia nervosa, a virtual reality (VR) jogging paradigm was applied as a novel highly immersive 3-D exposure paradigm. Patients were asked to rate their acute urge to be physically active during the exposure procedure. A 10-item self-report questionnaire (smQ) was developed to capture the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the acute urge to move...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800147/reduction-in-bacteremia-after-brushing-with-a-triclosan-copolymer-dentifrice-a-randomized-clinical-study
#10
P K Sreenivasan, D Tischio-Bereski, D H Fine
AIM: The aims of this study were to; 1) test susceptibility to bacteremia in subjects with moderate gingivitis, and 2) compare the effects of brushing with a fluoride toothpaste (control) as compared to a triclosan/copolymer toothpaste (test) on those susceptible to repeated bacteremia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 107 adult subjects were tested for repeated bacteremia after eating a hard apple. 29 bacteremia positive subjects were enrolled in a double-blind cross-over study designed to analyze the effects of a test toothpaste...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798380/contribution-of-cropland-to-the-spread-of-shiga-toxin-phages-and-the-emergence-of-new-shiga-toxin-producing-strains
#11
Pablo Quirós, Maite Muniesa
A growing interest in healthy eating has lead to an increase in the consumption of vegetables, associated with a rising number of bacterial outbreaks related to fresh produce. This is the case of the outbreak in Germany, caused by a O104:H4 enteroaggregative E. coli strain lysogenic for a Stx phage. Temperate Stx phages released from their hosts occur as free particles in various environments. This study reports the occurrence of Stx phages in vegetables (lettuce, cucumber, and spinach) and cropland soil samples...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791982/health-education-effect-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-workplace-personal-hygiene-and-protective-measures-among-woodworkers-in-enugu-nigeria
#12
L Ezeugwu, E N Aguwa, S U Arinze-Onyia, T A Okeke
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing incidence of occupational diseases among woodworkers due to exposure to preventable hazards in the workplace. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of health education on the knowledge and practice of workplace hygiene and protective measures among woodworkers in Enugu timber market. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a before and after study conducted among 290 woodworkers using interviewer administered semi-structured questionnaire and manual on workplace hazards prevention...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#13
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790827/the-effects-of-memantine-on-behavioral-disturbances-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#14
Taro Kishi, Shinji Matsunaga, Nakao Iwata
BACKGROUND: Memantine is effective in the treatment of behavioral disturbances in patients with Alzheimer's disease. It has not yet been fully determined which behavioral disturbances respond best to memantine. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of memantine vs control (placebo or usual care) for the treatment of individual behavioral disturbances (delusion, hallucination, agitation/aggression, dysphoria, anxiety/phobia, euphoria, apathy, disinhibition, irritability/lability, aberrant motor activity/activity disturbances, nighttime disturbance/diurnal rhythm disturbances, and eating disturbances)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#15
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770206/meal-microstructure-characterization-from-sensor-based-food-intake-detection
#16
Abul Doulah, Muhammad Farooq, Xin Yang, Jason Parton, Megan A McCrory, Janine A Higgins, Edward Sazonov
To avoid the pitfalls of self-reported dietary intake, wearable sensors can be used. Many food ingestion sensors offer the ability to automatically detect food intake using time resolutions that range from 23 ms to 8 min. There is no defined standard time resolution to accurately measure ingestive behavior or a meal microstructure. This paper aims to estimate the time resolution needed to accurately represent the microstructure of meals such as duration of eating episode, the duration of actual ingestion, and number of eating events...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770185/intensive-nutrition-management-in-a-patient-with-short-bowel-syndrome-who-underwent-bariatric-surgery
#17
MeeRa Kweon, Dal Lae Ju, Misun Park, JiHyeong Choe, Yun-Suhk Suh, Eun-Mi Seol, Hyuk-Joon Lee
Many individuals with short bowel syndrome (SBS) require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) to maintain adequate nutritional status. Herein, we report a successful intestinal adaptation of a patient with SBS through 13 times intensive nutritional support team (NST) managements. A thirty-five-year-old woman who could not eat due to intestinal discontinuity visited Seoul National University Hospital for reconstruction of the bowel. She received laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) due to morbid obesity in Jan 2013 at a certain hospital and successfully reduced her weight from 110 kg to 68 kg...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766762/is-laxative-misuse-associated-with-binge-eating-examination-of-laxative-misuse-among-individuals-seeking-treatment-for-eating-disorders
#18
Roni Elran-Barak, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson, Laura Hill, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Our research focuses on laxative misuse, which has been understudied in previous eating disorders (ED) research, to understand its prevalence and correlates among individuals seeking ED treatment. We also test the association between laxative misuse and binge eating to examine the assumption that laxative misuse is intended to compensate for binge eating. METHOD: Participants were 2,295 ED treatment-seeking adults (29.5 ± 10.5) who self-reported their disordered eating behaviors on the Eating Disorder Questionnaire...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766127/metabolic-profiling-of-gestational-diabetes-in-obese-women-during-pregnancy
#19
Sara L White, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Naveed Sattar, Scott M Nelson, Debbie A Lawlor, Annette L Briley, Paul T Seed, Paul Welsh, Lucilla Poston
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Antenatal obesity and associated gestational diabetes (GDM) are increasing worldwide. While pre-existing insulin resistance is implicated in GDM in obese women, the responsible metabolic pathways remain poorly described. Our aim was to compare metabolic profiles in blood of obese pregnant women with and without GDM 10 weeks prior to and at the time of diagnosis by OGTT. METHODS: We investigated 646 women, of whom 198 developed GDM, in this prospective cohort study, a secondary analysis of UK Pregnancies Better Eating and Activity Trial (UPBEAT), a multicentre randomised controlled trial of a complex lifestyle intervention in obese pregnant women...
August 1, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766048/association-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-with-coronary-spasm-and-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-chest-pain-analysis-of-data-collated-by-the-korean-women-s-chest-pain-registry-korose
#20
Mi-Na Kim, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Seong-Mi Park, Mi Seung Shin, Cheol Woong Yu, Myung-A Kim, Kyung-Soon Hong, Wan-Joo Shim
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) represents a cardio-metabolic risk factor; it secretes several adipokines related to coronary atherosclerosis. However, the precise relationship between EAT and coronary vasospasm is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between EAT and coronary vasospasm using data from the KoRean wOmen'S chest pain rEgistry (koROSE). This study included 551 patients (female/male = 366/185; mean age = 60.2 ± 10.2 years) who presented with chest pain at an outpatient clinic, and who subsequently underwent echocardiography and coronary angiography...
August 1, 2017: Heart and Vessels
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