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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149910/sodium-chloride-pica-causing-recurrent-nephrolithiasis-in-a-patient-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-a-case-report
#1
Brittany Rogers, Joshua Kramer, Stephanie Smith, Vincent Bird, Eric I Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is a common finding in women of child-bearing age. Pica, or the ingestion of non-food or non-nutritive items, is a well-known manifestation of iron deficiency. A high sodium diet increases risk for nephrolithiasis. We describe the case of a 31-year-old woman with recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis and anemia who ate ice chips as well as spoons of salt daily. Treatment of pica may prove effective in preventing recurrent nephrolithiasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old white woman with a past medical history of menorrhagia, anemia, and recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis presented for preoperative evaluation prior to ureterolithotomy...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147920/dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-evaluation-and-validation-of-the-dymus-questionnaire
#2
REVIEW
Dalal Alali, Kirrie Ballard, Steve Vucic, Hans Bogaardt
OBJECTIVE: The 10-item Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis (DYMUS) questionnaire is a self-administered tool used to identify swallowing problems in adults with MS. The questionnaire was not validated against other existing questionnaires to assess its convergent validity. Moreover, its test-retest reliability was not measured previously. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the factor analysis, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the DYMUS, as well as its convergent validity against an established and validated questionnaire, the EAT-10...
November 17, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146223/delivering-person-centered-care-important-preferences-for-recipients-of-long-term-services-and-supports
#3
Katherine M Abbott, Rachel Klumpp, Kendall A Leser, Jane K Straker, Gerald C Gannod, Kimberly Van Haitsma
OBJECTIVES: Although assessing individual consumer preferences are an important first step in providing person-centered care, the purpose of this study was to identify the top 10 shared preferences that are important to a majority of consumers receiving long-term services and supports. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Preference assessment interviews were conducted with 255 nursing home (NH) residents and 528 older adults receiving home and community-based services (HCBS)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#4
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145731/decline-of-physical-activity-in-terminally-ill-patients-could-be-useful-for-predicting-short-term-survival
#5
Hiroki Yasui, Satoru Iwase, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Masanori Nojima, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: Although it is recommended that all terminally ill patients receive advance care planning (ACP), this is occasionally challenging because of the difficulty in predicting survival. There are some indexes for predicting survival, but few are accurate, especially at the terminal stages of illness. METHODS: Twenty-two patients at the terminal stages of cancer were retrospectively analyzed. We assessed their physical activity and condition using activities of daily living (ADL) scores for 1 month before the death...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144429/does-perception-of-dietary-fiber-mediate-the-impact-of-nutrition-knowledge-on-eating-fiber-rich-bread
#6
Maria Królak, Marzena Jeżewska-Zychowicz, Marta Sajdakowska, Jerzy Gębski
The average daily intake of fiber is still too low in relation to nutritional recommendations, as was found in several studies. Therefore, it is necessary to recommend ways to increase fiber intake in the diet. Increasing the consumption of bread rich in fiber as a substitute of white bread is one of the ways to increase fiber intake. The aim of this study was to find out whether nutrition knowledge and perception of dietary fiber affected the frequency of eating wholemeal bread and white bread fortified with fiber...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144209/bidirectional-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-and-depressive-symptoms-from-adolescence-through-early-adulthood
#7
Helen Sharpe, Praveetha Patalay, Tse-Hwei Choo, Melanie Wall, Susan M Mason, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms are commonly experienced during adolescence and increase the risk of adverse health outcomes, especially eating disorders. However, the dominant temporal associations between these two experiences (i.e., whether one is a risk factor for the other or the two are mutually reinforcing) has yet to be fully explored. We examined the associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms assessed at baseline and 5- and 10-year follow-up in younger (M age = 12...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141741/a-hospital-based-study-of-intestinal-capillariasis-in-thailand-clinical-features-potential-clues-for-diagnosis-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-85-patients
#8
Lakkhana Sadaow, Oranuch Sanpool, Pewpan M Intapan, Watana Sukeepaisarnjaroen, Thidarat K Prasongdee, Wanchai Maleewong
Intestinal capillariasis caused by Capillaria philippinensis, a fish-borne nematode, is an important, emerging zoonotic helminthiasis. Cases may be fatal if suitable treatment is not administered in time. We reported a hospital-based study of 85 cases in Thailand, most of which were in the northeast. All patients had a history of eating raw or insufficiently cooked fresh water fish or prawns. The clinical manifestations are characterized by chronic diarrhea, borborygmi, abdominal pain, marked weight loss, muscle weakness, fatigue, dizziness, anorexia, and edema, as well as protein and electrolyte loss...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140440/cord-metabolic-profiles-in-obese-pregnant-women-insights-into-offspring-growth-and-body-composition
#9
Nashita Patel, Christian Hellmuth, Olaf Uhl, Keith Godfrey, Annette Briley, Paul Welsh, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Paul Seed, Berthold Koletzko, Lucilla Poston
Context: Offspring exposed in-utero to maternal obesity have an increased risk of later obesity; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Objective: To assess the effect of an antenatal lifestyle intervention in obese women on the offspring's cord blood metabolic profile, and examine associations of cord blood metabolic profile with maternal clinical characteristics and offspring anthropometry at birth and age 6 months. Design: Randomised controlled trial and cohort study...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#10
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136747/-association-between-biomarkers-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-the-elderly-%C3%A2-65-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#11
J S Luo, Y B Lyu, Z X Yin, W H Shi, J Zhang, L Q Su, J L Fang, X M Shi
Objective: To explore the association between biomarkers and activities of daily living (ADL) in the elderly over 65 years old from longevity areas in China. Methods: A total of 2 439 people from 8 longevity areas were included in our baseline survey in 2012. Using questionnaires, body measurements, and blood biochemical examinations, information on demographics characteristic, life style, ADL, blood pressure and biomarkers were collected. Based on these six items of ADL (bathing, dressing, indoor activities, toileting, eating, bowel and bladder control), we constructed a dichotomous indicator for ADL...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135723/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-after-surgical-treatment-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws
#12
Giacomo Oteri, Francesco Saverio De Ponte, Michele Runci, Matteo Peditto, Antonia Marcianò, Marco Cicciù
The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical outcome and the change in oral-health-related quality of life (QoL) of osteoporotic patients affected by medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ). Forty-one patients, consecutively treated for a 10-year period, were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent a marginal osseous resective jaw surgery. A clinical 12 months postoperative evaluation has been performed and the complete mucosal healing, the absence of swelling and suppuration, and no signs of disease recurrence were defined like success parameters...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134651/heavy-metal-contamination-microbiological-spoilage-and-biogenic-amines-content-in-sushi-available-on-the-polish-market
#13
Piotr Kulawik, Dani Dordevic, Florian Gambuś, Katarzyna Szczurowska, Marzena Zając
BACKGROUND: The study determined the heavy metal contamination (mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic and nickel) of nori, restaurant-served sushi and ready-to-eat sushi meals available through retail chains. Moreover the microbiological loads and biogenic amines content in ready-to-eat sushi meals were analysed. RESULTS: All the nori samples contained high levels of Cd (2.122 mg kg(-1) ), Ni (0.715 mg kg(-1) ), As (34.56 mg kg(-1) ) and Pb (0.659 mg kg(-1) ). The studied sushi samples contained high levels of Ni and Pb, reaching 0...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134054/application-of-two-intervention-programs-in-order-to-optimize-motivation-and-to-improve-eating-habits-in-adult-and-elderly-women
#14
Marta Leyton, Marco Batista, Susana Lobato, Mª Isabel Aspano, Ruth Jiménez
The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of two intervention programs: a physical exercise program with strategies to support the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness); and a physical exercise program with nutritional education in order to improve the lifestyles of adult and elderly women who practiced functional maintenance. The Self-Determination Theory was applied as the theoretical framework. A sample of 135 women aged between 40 and 88 years (59.66 ± 10...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131855/phytyl-fatty-acid-esters-in-vegetables-pose-a-risk-for-patients-suffering-from-refsum-s-disease
#15
Stephanie Krauß, Lea Michaelis, Walter Vetter
Patients suffering from Refsum's disease show mutations in the enzyme necessary for the degradation of phytanic acid. Accumulation of this tetramethyl-branched fatty acid in inner organs leads to severe neurological and cardiac dysfunctions which can even result in death. Thus, patients with Refsum's disease have to follow a specific diet resigning foods with high levels of phytanic acid and trans-phytol like products from ruminant animals with a tolerable daily intake (TDI) of ≤ 10 mg/d. We recently reported the occurrence of phytyl fatty acid esters (PFAE, trans-phytol esterified with a fatty acid) in bell pepper with trans-phytol amounts of up to 5...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130704/-relationship-between-anthropometric-health-indexes-with-food-consumption-in-physically-active-elderly
#16
Pablo Antonio Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Daniela Díaz-Aravena, Nibaldo Castro-Garrido, Luis Sandoval-Muñoz, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Antonio López-Fuenzalida, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Samuel Durán-Aguero
INTRODUCTION: Programs focused on active aging do not always have actions to guide the elderly about healthy eating. Therefore, the concordance between the feeding habits and the morphological characteristics of this population group is little known. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the anthropometric health indexes with the frequency of food consumption in physically active elderly (PAE). METHODS: The sample consisted of 307 physically active Chilean elders of both sexes (8...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130292/scoping-study-investigating-stakeholder-perceptions-and-use-of-school-canteens-in-an-australian-city
#17
Tanya Lawlis, Dionne Eckley, Maggie Jamieson, Melissa Knox
AIM: To investigate stakeholder perceptions of healthy food availability in school canteens, the promotion of healthy foods and canteen policy compliance. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of Catholic and independent primary and high schools comprising three investigative phases: (i) survey of 39 schools, (ii) survey of canteen managers and parents from 10 schools and (iii) an audit of school menus against National Healthy School Canteen Guidelines. RESULTS: Total participants included: 6 principals, no canteen mangers and 86 parents from two schools; 24 menus were audited...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129189/a-review-of-the-economic-impact-of-mental-illness
#18
Christopher M Doran, Irina Kinchin
Objective To examine the impact and cost associated with mental illness.Methods A rapid review of the literature from Australia, New Zealand, UK and Canada was undertaken. The review included literature pertaining to the cost-of-illness and impact of mental illness as well as any modelling studies. Included studies were categorised according to impact on education, labour force engagement, earlier retirement or welfare dependency. The well-accepted Drummond 10-point economic appraisal checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128304/symptoms-of-mental-illness-and-their-impact-on-managing-type-2-diabetes-in-adults
#19
Adriana Cimo, Carolyn S Dewa
OBJECTIVES: People with mental illnesses are more likely to experience diabetes-related complications that can reduce life expectancy by 10 to 15 years. Diabetes management and outcomes can be improved when lifestyle interventions addressing healthful eating habits and physical activity use content tailored to the learning needs of individuals or groups. Understanding the challenges that prevent adherence to diabetes recommendations can start to inform the design of tailored diabetes education care...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#20
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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