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Swallow screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778042/reliability-and-validity-of-the-dymus-questionnaire-for-the-assessment-of-dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-greek-version-and-proposed-modification
#1
Athanasia Printza, Maria Kalaitzi, Christos Bakirtzis, Ioannis Nikolaidis, Hariklia Proios, Nikolaos Grigoriadis
BACKGROUND: Recent research confirmed that at least a third of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) are suffering from swallowing difficulties. Dysphagia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and has profound impact on physical ability and quality of life. Dysphagia related complications can be prevented through an effective screening protocol. The Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis (DYMUS) questionnaire is the first dysphagia questionnaire developed specifically for patients with MS...
May 10, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756180/anodal-tdcs-of-the-swallowing-motor-cortex-for-treatment-of-dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-open-label-study
#2
G Cosentino, R Gargano, G Bonura, S Realmuto, E Tocco, P Ragonese, M Gangitano, E Alfonsi, B Fierro, F Brighina, G Salemi
Swallowing difficulties are a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). The early detection and treatment of dysphagia is critical to prevent complications, including poor nutrition, dehydration, and lung infections. Recently, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proven to be effective in ameliorating swallowing problems in stroke patients. In this pilot study, we aimed to assess safety and efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of dysphagia in MS patients...
May 13, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736223/the-effect-of-swallowing-rehabilitation-on-quality-of-life-of-the-dysphagic-patients-with-cortical-ischemic-stroke
#3
Kadir Bahcecı, Ebru Umay, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Eda Gurcay, Erhan Ozturk, Sibel Alıcura
Background: Swallowing and swallowing-related quality of life studies following stroke were almost always performed by including both patients with brainstem and cortical involvement. It was aimed in this study to show the presence of dysphagia in patients with only cortical ischemic stroke and to investigate the interaction between dysphagia and quality of life as well as to evaluate the effect of a rehabilitation program in the acute phase. Methods: Seventy-two patients with cortical stroke (between 0 and 30 days) and dysphagia were included...
October 7, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718892/clinical-application-of-oral-meglumine-diatrizoate-esophagogram-in-screening-esophageal-fistula-during-radiotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#4
Lidan Geng, Rong Wu, He Hu, Yu Zhao, Lingli Fan, Zhenhua Zhao, Dongbiao Liao, Musheng Li, Miao Xiang, Ying Ma, Xiaobo Du
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal fistula is a serious and common complication of radiotherapy for esophageal cancer. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is necessary. Because of side effect of barium esophagography, it cannot be used to screening esophageal fistula during radiotherapy. Meglumine diatrizoate is an ionic contrast agent, its adverse reactions were rarely seen when it was used in the body cavity. The purpose of this trial is identified the sensitivity and specificity of oral meglumine diatrizoate in an esophagogram for screening esophageal fistula during radiotherapy...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663160/swallowing-dysfunction-as-risk-factor-for-undernutrition-in-older-people-admitted-to-swedish-short-term-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Patricia Hägglund, Anna Fält, Mary Hägg, Per Wester, Eva Levring Jäghagen
BACKGROUND: Swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition increase the risk of pneumonia, morbidity, and mortality. Short-term care is an unexplored care context, where many older people stay yearly. AIM: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe and analyze the relationship between swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition among older people in short-term care, including potential gender-related differences. METHODS: In total, 391 people (209 women), aged ≥ 65 years (median age 84 years) and admitted to short-term care in five Swedish counties participated...
April 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619099/the-impact-of-deep-brain-stimulation-on-the-quality-of-life-and-swallowing-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Maira Rozenfel Olchik, Marciéle Ghisi, Annelise Ayres, Arthur Francisco Shumacher Schuh, Paulo Petry Oppitz, Carlos Roberto de Mello Rieder
Introduction  Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is little evidence regarding the effect of DBS on dysphagia. Objective  To assess the swallowing and quality of life of individuals with PD before and after DBS surgery. Methods  Our sample consisted of people who had undergone DBS surgery in a referral hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of PD and having undergone DBS surgery. A cognitive screening, through a questionnaire about depression and quality of life, was conducted...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618274/usability-testing-of-an-mhealth-device-for-swallowing-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#7
Gabriela Constantinescu, Kristina Kuffel, Ben King, William Hodgetts, Jana Rieger
The objective of this study was to conduct the first patient usability testing of a mobile health (mHealth) system for in-home swallowing therapy. Five participants with a history of head and neck cancer evaluated the mHealth system. After completing an in-application (app) tutorial with the clinician, participants were asked to independently complete five tasks: pair the device to the smartphone, place the device correctly, exercise, interpret progress displays, and close the system. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction with the system...
April 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611876/screening-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-self-reported-questionnaires
#8
REVIEW
Hipólito V Magalhães Junior, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio C Lima, Maria Angela F Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a swallowing disorder with signs and symptoms which may be present in older adults, but they are rarely noticed as a health concern by older people. The earliest possible identification of this clinical condition is needed by self-reported population-based screening questionnaire, which are valid and reliable for preventing risks to nutritional status, increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify self-reported screening questionnaires for oropharyngeal dysphagia in older adults to evaluate their methodological quality for population-based studies...
April 3, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607447/oropharyngeal-dysphagia-evaluation-tools-in-adults-with-solid-malignancies-outside-the-head-and-neck-and-upper-gi-tract-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Ciarán Kenny, Órla Gilheaney, Declan Walsh, Julie Regan
Dysphagia is often associated with head and neck and upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancers. Evidence suggests that those with solid malignancies in other primary sites may also have swallowing difficulties. Timely and accurate identification of dysphagia is important given the impact it has on hydration, medical treatment, nutrition, prognosis, and quality of life. A systematic review was conducted to identify swallow screening, evaluation, and quality of life tools for those with solid malignancies outside the head and neck and upper GI tract...
April 2, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594076/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-validation-and-reliability-of-the-northwestern-dysphagia-patient-check-sheet-ndpcs-in-iran
#10
Jalal Bakhtiyari, Masoomeh Salmani, Reyhaneh Noruzi, Payam Sarraf, Ebrahim Barzegar, Majid Mirmohammadkhani
Introduction: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) require proper tools to detect dysphagia in the early stages. One of these screening tools is the Northwestern Dysphagia Patient Check Sheet (NDPCS). However, this tool needs to be adapted, validated, and shown to be reliable for the Persian culture. The aim of the present study was to report the validity and reliability of the Persian NDPCS (P-NDPCS). Materials and Methods: The NDPCS has 28 items and five sections...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588528/impact-of-delay-in-early-swallow-screening-on-pneumonia-length-of-stay-in-hospital-disability-and-mortality-in-acute-stroke-patients
#11
Thang S Han, Michael Ej Lean, David Fluck, Brendan Affley, Giosue Gulli, Tasmin Patel, Christopher Barrett, Puneet Kakar, Sapna Sharma, Pankaj Sharma
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Early swallow screening, within 4 h of admission, is required for all acute stroke patients to commence nutritional support, as recommended. We evaluated the impact of delay in early swallow screening on outcomes in patients admitted with acute stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 1656 men (mean ± SD age = 73.1y ± 13.2) and 1653 women (79.3y ± 13.0) admitted with stroke to hyperacute stroke units (HASUs) in Surrey...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573064/prevalence-risk-factors-and-complications-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-stroke-patients-a-cohort-study
#12
L Rofes, D Muriana, E Palomeras, N Vilardell, E Palomera, D Alvarez-Berdugo, V Casado, P Clavé
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a prevalent poststroke condition with severe complications and increased mortality. Poststroke OD prevalence varies among studies and there is little evidence of its related risk factors and associated complications. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the prevalence of OD after stroke and the risk factors and associated complications. METHODS: We performed a prospective longitudinal study of stroke patients consecutively admitted to a general hospital...
March 23, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571756/a-validated-swallow-screener-for-dysphagia-and-aspiration-in-patients-with-stroke
#13
Anit Behera, Dana Read, Nancy Jackson, Bashar Saour, Dana Alshekhlee, Amy K Mosier
BACKGROUND: Early detection of dysphagia is critical to reducing hospital complications and length of stay in patients with various types of strokes. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the DePaul Hospital Swallow Screener (DHSS) tool to assess for dysphagia in patients with stroke. METHODS: This prospective observational study investigated patients admitted to a comprehensive stroke center. The DHSS is composed of a questionnaire containing 8 nonswallow items and a water swallow test...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566374/screening-for-dysphagia-perspectives-and-practices-of-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#14
Margaret Walshe, Megan Ryan, Julie Regan
OBJECTIVE: Clinical guidelines place considerable emphasis on early swallow screening, as it has significant impact on patient outcomes. This study aims to examine perspectives and practices of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the Republic of Ireland on swallow screening, exploring challenges in screening methods to improve practice and facilitate research. METHODS: An 18-item web-based survey was devised targeting SLTs working in dysphagia in Republic of Ireland...
March 22, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566298/impact-of-thermo-tactile-stimulation-on-the-speed-and-efficiency-of-swallowing-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Maria Schwarz, Elizabeth C Ward, Jane Ross, Adam Semciw
BACKGROUND: A delayed or absent swallow reflex is common in dysphagia and can have a significant impact on swallow safety. Recent clinical practice survey data have supported the fact that clinicians continue to use thermo-tactile stimulation (TTS) as a strategy to stimulate key nerve pathways and evoke a swallow reflex for patients with a delayed or absent swallow reflex. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of TTS as a compensatory and/or rehabilitative tool...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538619/re-test-reliability-of-gustatory-testing-and-introduction-of-the-sensitive-taste-drop-test
#16
A Fjaeldstad, A Niklassen, H Fernandes
The sense of taste holds a key integrate role in assessing the flavour of food before swallowing is initiated. If the expectations for taste are not met, palatability and pleasure of the food can decrease. In patients suffering from taste disorders, this may impair appetite and nutritional state. Testing gustatory function can be important for diagnostics and assessment of treatment effects. However, the gustatory tests applied are required to be both sensitive and reliable.In this study, we investigate the re-test validity of popular Taste Strips gustatory test for gustatory screening...
March 12, 2018: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533960/the-effect-of-improved-dysphagia-care-on-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-trends-from-8-year-data-of-a-large-stroke-register
#17
Sonja Suntrup-Krueger, Jens Minnerup, Paul Muhle, Inga Claus, Jens Burchard Schröder, Thomas Marian, Tobias Warnecke, Marianne Kalic, Klaus Berger, Rainer Dziewas
BACKGROUND: Early dysphagia screening and appropriate management are recommended by current guidelines to reduce complications and case fatality in acute stroke. However, data on the potential benefit of changes in dysphagia care on patient outcome are limited. Our objective was to assess the degree of implementation of dysphagia guidelines and determine the impact of modifications in dysphagia screening and treatment practices on disease complications and outcome in stroke patients over time...
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533534/craniofacial-structures-development-in-prenatal-period-an-mri-study
#18
G Begnoni, G Serrao, F Musto, G Pellegrini, F M Triulzi, C Dellavia
INTRODUCTION: The development of skeletal structures (cranial base, upper and lower) and upper airways spaces (oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal) of the skull has always been an issue of great interest in orthodontics. Foetal MRI images obtained as screening exam during pregnancy can help to understand the development of these structures using a sample cephalometric analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 28 MRI images in sagittal section of foetuses from 20th to 32th weeks of gestation were obtained to dispel doubts about the presence of skeletal malformations...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504298/swallowing-and-aspiration-risk-a-critical-review-of-non-instrumental-bedside-screening-tests
#19
REVIEW
Ioanna Eleni Virvidaki, Grigorios Nasios, Maria Kosmidou, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Haralampos Milionis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The presence of dysphagia and aspiration in stroke patients is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Early recognition and management of these two conditions via reliable, minimally invasive bedside procedures before complications arise remains challenging in everyday clinical practice. This study reviews the available bedside screening tools for detecting swallowing status and aspiration risk in acute stroke by qualitatively observing reference population study design, clinical flexibility, reliability and applicability to acute-care settings...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501408/fazio-londe-syndrome-in-siblings-from-india-with-different-phenotypes
#20
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Tamilarasan Udhayabanu, Perumal Varalakshmi, Varunvenkat M Srinivasan, Balasubramaniem Ashokkumar
BACKGROUND: Fazio-Londe syndrome also called progressive bulbar palsy of childhood is a very rare motor neuron disease of pediatric age group characterized by progressive paralysis of lower cranial nerves. OBJECTIVE: To describe Fazio-Londe syndrome in sibling with different phenotype. METHODS: A 6 years old female child presented with inability to close eyes, difficulty in swallowing, respiratory muscle weakness and voice change since 5 yr of age...
February 28, 2018: Brain & Development
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