Read by QxMD icon Read

Oropharyngeal dysphagia

Daniel R Duncan, Janine Amirault, Paul Mitchell, Kara Larson, Rachel L Rosen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oropharyngeal dysfunction with resultant aspiration in patients admitted after apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) and to determine if historical characteristics could predict this oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration risk. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients admitted to Boston Children's Hospital between 2012 and 2015 with a diagnosis of ALTE to determine the frequency of evaluation for oropharyngeal dysphagia using videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) and clinical feeding evaluations, to determine the prevalence of swallowing dysfunction in subjects admitted after ALTE and to compare presenting historical characteristics to swallow study results RESULTS:: 188 children were admitted with a diagnosis of ALTE of which 29% (n = 55) had an assessment of swallowing by VFSS...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
M Roskies, E Kay-Rivest, M A Mascarella, K Sultanem, A Mlynarek, M Hier
BACKGROUND: A commonly employed treatment for advanced staged oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is concurrent radiation and chemotherapy with cisplatin as the gold standard. Carboplatin is reported to have the same radiopotentiation properties and a superior side effect profile; however, its use in head and neck cancer has been limited due to the paucity of data and reported hematologic side effects. In this study, we describe our institution's experience with carboplatin, paclitaxel and radiation in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma over a 10 year period...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
A Baumann, P O Katz
Swallowing involves complex coordination of the neuromuscular anatomy and physiology of the oropharynx and esophagus, controlled by the enteric and central nervous systems. Dysphagia is classified as either oropharyngeal or esophageal and results from mechanical or structural disturbances. Videofluoroscopy, fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, barium swallow, manometry, and endoscopy are common modalities utilized in diagnosis, but none is as important as a patient's history. Functional dysphagia is a diagnosis of exclusion and is based on Rome criteria...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Roberta Weber Werle, Eduardo Matias Dos Santos Steidl, Renata Mancopes
Purpose: To identify the main factors associated with oropharyngeal dysphagia following cardiac surgery through a systematic review of the literature. Methods: A bibliographic search was conducted in the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases using the following keywords: "cardiac surgery", "deglutition disorders", and "dysphagia". Selection criteria: Articles published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish addressing oropharyngeal dysphagia following cardiac surgery were selected with no time limitation...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Stuart E Samuels, Avraham Eisbruch, Karen Vineberg, Jae Lee, Choonik Lee, Martha M Matuszak, Randall K Ten Haken, Kristy K Brock
PURPOSE: Strategies to reduce the toxicities of head and neck radiation (ie, dysphagia [difficulty swallowing] and xerostomia [dry mouth]) are currently underway. However, the predicted benefit of dose and planning target volume (PTV) reduction strategies is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to compare the normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCP) for swallowing and salivary structures in standard plans (70 Gy [P70]), dose-reduced plans (60 Gy [P60]), and plans eliminating the PTV margin...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Katherine A Benfer, Kelly A Weir, Kristie L Bell, Baitun Nahar, Robert S Ware, Peter S W Davies, Roslyn N Boyd
PURPOSE: There is paucity of research investigating oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in young children with cerebral palsy (CP), and most studies explore OPD in high-resource countries. This study aimed at determining the proportion and severity of OPD in preschool children with CP in Bangladesh, compared to Australia. METHOD: Cross-sectional, comparison of two cohorts. Two hundred and eleven children with CP aged 18-36 months, 81 in Bangladesh (mean = 27.6 months, 61...
September 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Hamad Chaudhary, C Matthew Stewart, Kimberly Webster, Robert J Herbert, Kevin D Frick, David W Eisele, Christine G Gourin
OBJECTIVE: To examine 30-day readmission rates and associations with risk factors, survival, length of hospitalization, and costs in elderly patients with laryngeal and oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (SCC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare data. METHODS: We evaluated 1,518 patients diagnosed with laryngeal or oropharyngeal SCC from 2004 to 2007 who underwent primary surgery using cross-tabulations, multivariate regression modeling, and survival analysis...
September 23, 2016: Laryngoscope
Ebrahim Barzegar-Bafrooei, Jalal Bakhtiary, Ahmad Reza Khatoonabadi, Farzad Fatehi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mojtaba Fathali
Background: Dysphagia as a common condition affecting many aspects of the patient's life. The Dysphagia Handicap Index (DHI) is a reliable self-reported questionnaire developed specifically to measure the impact of dysphagia on the patient's quality of life. The aim of this study was to translate the questionnaire to Persian and to measure its validity and reliability in patients with neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia. Methods: A formal forward-backward translation of DHI was performed based on the guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures...
July 6, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Rosemary Martino, Timothy McCulloch
Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a frequent consequence of several medical aetiologies, and even considered part of the normal ageing process. Early and accurate identification provides the opportunity for early implementation of dysphagia treatments. This Review describes the current state of the evidence related to dysphagia therapies - focusing on treatments most clinically utilized and of current interest to researchers. Despite successes in select studies, the level of evidence to support the efficacy of these treatments remains limited...
September 14, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
K Sudhakar, Y K Areti, L N Kurnutala, G Jibara, S M Lashley, S B Nanduri, P S Chami, M T Kakoory, C A Maynard
Objective: To evaluate the clinical features of angio-oedema (AE) and their correlation with fibre-optic nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) findings. Methods: The charts of adult AE patients for 225 episodes who were admitted as in-patients from January 2002 through December 2012 were reviewed. Results: Of the 51 episodes (22.6%) with laryngeal swelling, 16 had exclusively laryngeal swelling; without oropharyngeal swelling. Swelling of the laryngeal structures on FNL was not significantly associated with a suspected aetiology or history of AE or allergies...
March 9, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
S Onodera, J Furuya, H Yamamoto, Y Tamada, H Kondo
Wearing dentures and dysphagia are common in older individuals; however, it is still unknown how dentures affect oral and pharyngeal swallowing. The purpose of this study was to reveal the effects of wearing and removing dentures on oropharyngeal movements during pharyngeal swallowing in the feeding sequence of solid food. Participants were 25 edentulous volunteers (nine men, 16 women; mean age 76·2 years) who wore complete dentures. The test food was minced agar jelly containing barium sulphate. Subjects were instructed to feed and swallow the test food with or without dentures during observation using videofluorography...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Roslyn N Boyd, Richard D Stevenson, Robert S Ware, Piyapa Keawutan, Katherine A Benfer, Kristie L Bell
OBJECTIVES: To describe the longitudinal relationship between height-for-age z score (HZ), growth velocity z score, energy intake, habitual physical activity (HPA), and sedentary time across Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I to V in preschoolers with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Children with CP (n = 175 [109 (62.2%) boys]; mean recruitment age 2 years, 10 months [SD 11 months]; GMFCS I = 83 [47.2%], II = 21 [11.9%], III = 28 [15.9%], IV = 19 [10...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics
Bizhan Ziaeean, Sahar Sohrabi-Nazari
Parathyroid adenoma is a benign tumor of the parathyroid glands. The cause of most parathyroid adenomas is unknown. Parathyroid adenoma increases the secretion of parathyroid hormone and results in primary hyperparathyroidism. High amounts of parathyroid hormone in the blood cause the imbalance of calcium, which leads to various complications such as kidney stones, depression, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, myalgia, bone and joint pain, hoarseness, etc. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is defined as having problem in swallowing due to abnormalities in the structure and function of oropharynx and other related organs...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Katherine A Hutcheson, Martha P Barrow, Denise A Barringer, Jodi K Knott, Heather Y Lin, Randal S Weber, Clifton D Fuller, Stephen Y Lai, Clare P Alvarez, Janhavi Raut, Cathy L Lazarus, Annette May, Joanne Patterson, Justin W G Roe, Heather M Starmer, Jan S Lewin
BACKGROUND: The National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) is the universal framework for toxicity reporting in oncology trials. The objective of this study was to develop a CTCAE-compatible modified barium swallow (MBS) grade for the purpose of grading pharyngeal dysphagia as a toxicity endpoint in cooperative-group organ-preservation trials for head and neck cancer (HNC). It was hypothesized that a 5-point, CTCAE-compatible MBS grade (Dynamic Imaging Grade of Swallowing Toxicity [DIGEST]) based on the interaction of pharyngeal residue and laryngeal penetration/aspiration ratings would be feasible and psychometrically sound...
August 26, 2016: Cancer
Alison Perry, Siew Hwa Lee, Susan Cotton, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer treatment has developed over the last decade, with improved mortality and survival rates, but the treatments often result in dysphagia (a difficulty in swallowing) as a side effect. This may be acute, resolving after treatment, or remain as a long-term negative sequela of head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment. Interventions to counteract the problems associated with dysphagia include swallowing exercises or modification of diet (bolus texture, size), or both...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Geoffrey Haw Chieh Liew, Esther Dawen Yu, Shitalkumar Sharad Shah, Harikrishnan Kothandan
INTRODUCTION: The LMA Supreme™, i-gel® and LMA ProSeal™ are second-generation supraglottic airway devices. We tested the hypothesis that these devices differ in performance when used for spontaneous ventilation during anaesthesia. METHODS: 150 patients who underwent general anaesthesia for elective surgery were randomly allocated into three groups. Data was collected on oropharyngeal leak pressures, ease and duration of device insertion, ease of gastric tube insertion, and airway safety...
August 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Catelijne H Coppens, Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Horst Scharbatke, Sandra A F de Groot, Jos M T Draaisma
UNLABELLED: Dysphagia is a common problem in children with repaired oesophageal atresia (OA). Abnormalities in the oropharyngeal and oesophageal phase have hardly been studied. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of dysphagia in children with repaired OA and to identify and differentiate oral and pharyngeal dysphagia based on videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) findings in a limited number of children in this cohort. Medical records of 111 patients, born between January 1996 and July 2013 and treated at the Radboudumc Amalia Children's Hospital, were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Sun Kyung Park, Geum Ko, Geun Joo Choi, Eun Jin Ahn, Hyun Kang
BACKGROUND: Comparisons between the efficacies of supraglottic airway devices (SGAs) and endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgeries have yielded conflicting results. Therefore, in this meta-analysis, we compared the clinical performance and incidence of complications between SGAs and ETT intubation in laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar to identify randomized controlled trials that compared SGAs with ETTs in laparoscopic surgery...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Charles Cock, Corinne A Jones, Michael J Hammer, Taher I Omari, Timothy M McCulloch
UES opening occurs following cricopharyngeus deactivation and submental muscle contraction causing hyolaryngeal elevation and UES distraction. During impedance manometry, the inverse of impedance (admittance) can be used to measure bolus presence and infer UES opening. We hypothesized that the temporal relationship between UES relaxation, opening and hyolaryngeal elevation would change with increasing bolus volume. Simultaneous intramuscular cricopharyngeal (CP) electromyography (EMG), surface submental EMG (SM-EMG), and high-resolution impedance manometry were recorded in eight (aged 27 ± 7 years, 5 M) healthy volunteers, while swallowing 0...
August 17, 2016: Dysphagia
Alexander P Marston, Francisco J Maldonado, Karthik Ravi, Jan L Kasperbauer, Dale C Ekbom
OBJECTIVE: To compare swallowing outcomes following cricopharyngeal (CP) dilation versus surgical myotomy in patients with dysphagia secondary to idiopathic CP bar. METHODS: All patients had an idiopathic CP bar without a history of Zenker's diverticulum, head and neck cancer, or systemic neurologic disease treated between 2000 and 2013. The Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale (FOSS) was utilized to assess dysphagia symptoms. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients underwent 46 dilations and 20 patients had a myotomy...
July 27, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"