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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813615/-the-role-of-role-play-for-a-medical-student-pre-and-postclerkship-experiences-in-palliative-care-education
#1
Hena Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813524/medical-student-nursing-student-and-non-health-care-respondents-implicit-attitudes-toward-doctors-and-patients-development-and-a-pilot-study-of-a-new-implicit-attitudes-test-iat
#2
Alan Schwartz, Abdelhamid Mazouni
INTRODUCTION: Medical educators have been concerned that medical students may decline in empathy for patients during the course of their training, based on studies measuring clinical empathy using psychometrically strong self-report measures. Clinical empathy is a complex construct, incorporating attitudes toward patients but also other components, such as professional detachment. Triangulation of extant measures with instruments based on nonreactive methods could provide a better understanding of whether and how physician attitudes toward patients may be changing during training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808702/virtual-simulation-teaching-centre-in-dental-education-a-report-from-fujian-medical-university-china
#3
Hao Yu, Chang Yuan Zhang, Si Hui Zhang, Hui Cheng, Jiang Chen
This report gives a brief introduction to the Virtual Simulation Teaching Centre of Fujian Medical University School of Stomatology (VSFMUSS), China. As one of the best dental simulation laboratories in China, the VSFMUSS aims to train dental students and clinicians to be professionals who are able to provide optimal oral health care by giving them the best virtual patient care experience possible in a nonclinical setting. The features, achievements and future directions of the VSFMUSS are addressed. Moreover, the role of the VSFMUSS was evaluated and discussed based on the students' and faculties' perceptions, rate of employment after graduation, and so on...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806943/gender-differences-and-similarities-in-medical-students-experiences-of-mistreatment-by-various-groups-of-perpetrators
#4
Heidi Siller, Gloria Tauber, Nikola Komlenac, Margarethe Hochleitner
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of medical students during medical education is a widespread concern. Studies have shown that medical students report the most mistreatment compared to students of other study programs and that the prevalence of mistreatment peaks during clinical training. For this reason, a study was conducted to assess prevalence of mistreatment among medical students committed by various groups of people. The focus was to identify whether gender was associated with the experience of mistreatment...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805316/promoting-empathy-using-video-based-teaching
#5
Kieran Sweeney, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Empathy is fundamental to patient-centred care. It has been shown to improve patient satisfaction and therapeutic outcomes. The success of educational interventions in enhancing students' empathy has been mixed, however, and a consensus on the most effective approach is lacking. METHODS: Patients were videoed discussing their hospital experiences and interactions with clinicians. These videos were shown to groups of medical students, who then took part in a facilitated discussion around themes of health care communication and patient experience...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805068/medication-errors-and-trainees-advice-for-learners-and-organizations
#6
James S Wheeler, Rosemary Duncan, Kenneth Hohmeier
Limited information exists regarding medication errors and trainees (students or residents). Yet during the experiential education component of their training, learners are expected to assume significant responsibilities in the medication use process. This commentary addresses both trainees and organization leaders on medication safety practices and the incorporation of learners into the organization's medication safety culture.
August 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804642/e-learning-for-medical-imaging-specialists-introducing-blended-learning-in-a-nuclear-medicine-specialist-course
#7
Torjan Haslerud, Andreas Julius Tulipan, Robert M Gray, Martin Biermann
BACKGROUND: While e-learning has become an important tool in teaching medical students, the training of specialists in medical imaging is still dominated by lecture-based courses. PURPOSE: To assess the potential of e-learning in specialist education in medical imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An existing lecture-based five-day course in Clinical Nuclear Medicine (NM) was enhanced by e-learning resources and activities, including practical exercises...
July 2017: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802569/gender-and-subspecialty-of-urology-faculty-in-department-based-leadership-roles
#8
Julia Han, Stephanie Stillings, Harold Hamann, Russell Terry, Louis Moy
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the current gender and subspecialty of those holding academic departmental administrative and educational leadership roles in urology. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study of U.S. Urology Residency Programs in 2016 to 2017. Inclusion criteria were participation in the Urology Residency Match Program and having a department of urology website. From June 1, 2016 to August 20, 2016, each department's website was queried...
August 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796773/predictors-of-medical-student-remediation-and-their-underlying-causes-early-lessons-from-a-curriculum-change-in-the-university-of-auckland-medical-programme
#9
Brian Grainger, Jill Yielder, Papaarangi Reid, Warwick Bagg
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of remediation in a medical programme and assess the underlying causes and the quality of remediation provided within the context of a recent curriculum change. METHODS: A mixed methods study incorporating a retrospective cohort analysis of demographic predictors of remediation during 2013 and 2014, combined with thematic qualitative analysis of educator perspectives derived by interview on factors underlying remediation and the quality of that currently provided by the faculty...
August 11, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#10
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795411/does-ultrasound-enhanced-instruction-of-musculoskeletal-anatomy-improve-physical-examination-skills-of-first-year-medical-students
#11
Bryant J Walrod, Allison Schroeder, Mark J Conroy, Laura C Boucher, Marcia Bockbrader, David P Way, Kendra L McCamey, Clinton A Hartz, Michael A Jonesco, David P Bahner
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to teach basic anatomy to medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether learning musculoskeletal anatomy with ultrasound improved performance on medical students' musculoskeletal physical examination skills. METHODS: Twenty-seven first-year medical students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 instructional groups: either shoulder or knee. Both groups received a lecture followed by hands-on ultrasound scanning on live human models of the assigned joint...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793799/undergraduate-dermatology-education-in-canada-a-national-survey
#12
Angela Hu, Ron Vender
BACKGROUND: Canadian dermatology curriculum was reviewed in 1983, 1987, 1996, and 2008. All these surveys highlighted the disproportionately low level of dermatology teaching in relation to the significant amount of skin disease seen by physicians. Since the official adoption and dissemination of the Canadian Professors of Dermatology (CPD) core curriculum and competencies, there has been no assessment of how these changes have influenced dermatology curriculum. OBJECTIVE: This survey gathered information on the current status of undergraduate dermatology education across Canadian medical schools...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792580/-mental-health-in-primary-care-applying-psychiatric-knowledge-to-primary-care-or-a-whole-different-practice
#13
Philippe Karazivan, Marie Leclaire, Cédric Andres
BACKGROUND: In Canada and several other countries, large cohorts of patients who used to be followed in psychiatric clinics are now steered toward primary care. To support this new reality, measures have been taken and investments made in service organization, collaborative work arrangements, and teaching geared toward primary care clinicians. However, these initiatives were implemented when little was known about GPs' needs. METHODS: Using a qualitative approach, we analyzed the content of GPs' statements to explore when, why, and for what concerns GPs are inclined to collaborate with or seek advice from psychiatrists...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792250/what-makes-medical-students-receptive-to-interprofessional-education-findings-from-an-exploratory-case-study
#14
Ahmed Osman
Interprofessional education (IPE) continues to grow as a field internationally, and therefore has become a key activity which numerous institutions have implemented around the world. A number of learner characteristics have been suggested as being important for the success of interprofessional interventions, including prior experiences, expectations, and motivations. This study sought to explore medical student engagement with IPE and the factors that affect this. Twelve final and penultimate year students took part in two focus groups to discuss previous IPE and the factors which they felt led to successful interprofessional experiences...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791985/knowledge-of-medical-students-about-epilepsy-need-for-a-change
#15
B A Ezeala-Adikaibe, T Okpara, O S Ekenze, O Onodugo, N P Ezeala-Adikaibe, T Nnaji, G Onyebueke
PURPOSE: Though most doctors in their professional life will provide care for people with epilepsy, many will not get further training in their professional life. There may be other barriers, perceived or not, to providing care to people living with epilepsy by doctors which need to be approached in the medical undergraduate curriculum and medical continuing education. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge gaps of medical students on basic issues regarding epilepsy that could be useful in preparing training material for the students and continuous medical education for doctors working in the community...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791651/addressing-health-disparities-with-school-based-outreach-the-health-career-academy-program
#16
Liana Gefter, Judy Spahr, John Gruber, Sandra Ross, Laurie Watson, Barry Mann
Pipeline programs address health disparities by promoting academic achievement and entry of low-income ethnic and racial minority youth into healthcare fields. The Health Career Academy (HCA) is a 3-year pipeline program for high school students from low-income, ethnic, and racial minority communities. Health professional students serve as program mentors. The HCA has been implemented in nine US sites, with partnerships between 17 health professional schools and 17 high schools. A total of 386 10th grade students and 95 11th grade students enrolled as participants in the 2015-2016 HCA program...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791282/the-global-health-service-partnership-an-academic-clinical-partnership-to-build-nursing-and-medical-capacity-in-africa
#17
REVIEW
Eileen M Stuart-Shor, Elizabeth Cunningham, Laura Foradori, Elizabeth Hutchinson, Martha Makwero, Jill Smith, Jane Kasozi, Esther M Johnston, Aliasgar Khaki, Elisa Vandervort, Fabiola Moshi, Vanessa B Kerry
The World Health Organization estimates a global deficit of about 12.9 million skilled health professionals (midwives, nurses, and physicians) by 2035. These shortages limit the ability of countries, particularly resource-constrained countries, to deliver basic health care, to respond to emerging and more complex needs, and to teach, graduate, and retain their future health professionals-a vicious cycle that is perpetuated and has profound implications for health security. The Global Health Service Partnership (GHSP) is a unique collaboration between the Peace Corps, President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, Seed and host-country institutions, which aims to strengthen the breadth and quality of medical and nursing education and care delivery in places with dire shortages of health professionals...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791242/an-online-academic-writing-and-publishing-skills-course-help-syrians-find-their-voice
#18
Ammar Sabouni, Abdelkader Chaar, Yamama Bdaiwi, Abdulrahman Masrani, Heba Abolaban, Fares Alahdab, Belal Firwana, Ahmad Al-Moujahed
PURPOSE: A group of Arab-American physicians and researchers in the United States organized a blended online course in academic writing and publishing in medicine targeting medical students and physicians in war-torn Syria. This was an effort to address one of the reasons behind the poor quantity and quality of scientific research papers in Syria and the Arab region. In this paper, we report on the design, conduct, and outcome of this course and attempt to evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The educational intervention was a 2-month blended online course...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789690/first-year-medical-students-learning-style-preferences-and-their-correlation-with-performance-in-different-subjects-within-the-medical-course
#19
Daniel Hernández-Torrano, Syed Ali, Chee-Kai Chan
BACKGROUND: Students commencing their medical training arrive with different educational backgrounds and a diverse range of learning experiences. Consequently, students would have developed preferred approaches to acquiring and processing information or learning style preferences. Understanding first-year students' learning style preferences is important to success in learning. However, little is understood about how learning styles impact learning and performance across different subjects within the medical curriculum...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789602/innovation-and-entrepreneurship-programs-in-us-medical-education-a-landscape-review-and-thematic-analysis
#20
Blake A Niccum, Arnab Sarker, Stephen J Wolf, Matthew J Trowbridge
BACKGROUND: Training in innovation and entrepreneurship (I&E) in medical education has become increasingly prevalent among medical schools to train students in complex problem solving and solution design. OBJECTIVE: We aim to characterize I&E education in US allopathic medical schools to provide insight into the features and objectives of this growing field. DESIGN: I&E programs were identified in 2016 via structured searches of 158 US allopathic medical school websites...
2017: Medical Education Online
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