keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Land

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748428/land-use-and-land-cover-lulc-of-the-republic-of-the-maldives-first-national-map-and-lulc-change-analysis-using-remote-sensing-data
#1
Luca Fallati, Alessandra Savini, Simone Sterlacchini, Paolo Galli
The Maldives islands in recent decades have experienced dramatic land-use change. Uninhabited islands were turned into new resort islands; evergreen tropical forests were cut, to be replaced by fields and new built-up areas. All these changes happened without a proper monitoring and urban planning strategy from the Maldivian government due to the lack of national land-use and land-cover (LULC) data. This study aimed to realize the first land-use map of the entire Maldives archipelago and to detect land-use and land-cover change (LULCC) using high-resolution satellite images and socioeconomic data...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747000/response-of-soil-dissolved-organic-matter-to-microplastic-addition-in-chinese-loess-soil
#2
Hongfei Liu, Xiaomei Yang, Guobin Liu, Chutao Liang, Sha Xue, Hao Chen, Coen J Ritsema, Violette Geissen
Plastic debris is accumulating in agricultural land due to the increased use of plastic mulches, which is causing serious environmental problems, especially for biochemical and physical properties of the soil. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays a central role in driving soil biogeochemistry, but little information is available on the effects of plastic residues, especially microplastic, on soil DOM. We conducted a soil-incubation experiment in a climate-controlled chamber with three levels of microplastic added to loess soil collected from the Loess Plateau in China: 0% (control, CK), 7% (M1) and 28% (M2) (w/w)...
July 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746995/desorption-of-radioactive-cesium-by-seawater-from-the-suspended-particles-in-river-water
#3
Masaki Onodera, Akira Kirishima, Seiya Nagao, Kouichi Takamiya, Tsutomu Ohtsuki, Daisuke Akiyama, Nobuaki Sato
In 2011, the accident at the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant dispersed radioactive cesium throughout the environment, contaminating the land, rivers, and sea. Suspended particles containing clay minerals are the transportation medium for radioactive cesium from rivers to the ocean because cesium is strongly adsorbed between the layers of clay minerals, forming inner sphere complexes. In this study, the adsorption and desorption behaviors of radioactive cesium from suspended clay particles in river water have been investigated...
July 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746765/the-spectacular-garden-where-might-de-extinction-lead
#4
Gregory E Kaebnick
The emergence of de-extinction is a study in technological optimism. What has already been accomplished in recovering ancient genomes, recreating them, and reproducing animals with engineered genomes is amazing but also has a long ways to go to achieve "de-extinction" as most people would understand that term. Still, with some caveats in place, creating a functional replacement for an extinct species may sometimes be doable, and given the right goals, might sometimes make sense. The International Union for Conservation of Nature guidelines for de-extinction do a reasonable job of keeping the caveats in place and clarifying the goals...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746734/spatial-evaluation-of-indonesia-s-2015-fire-affected-area-and-estimated-carbon-emissions-using-sentinel-1
#5
Sandra Lohberger, Matthias Stängel, Elizabeth C Atwood, Florian Siegert
Fires raged once again across Indonesia in the latter half of 2015, creating a state of emergency due to poisonous smoke and haze across Southeast Asia as well as incurring great financial costs to the government. A strong El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) led to drought in many parts of Indonesia, resulting in elevated fire occurrence comparable with the previous catastrophic event in 1997/98. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data promise to provide improved detection of land use and land cover changes in the tropics as compared to methodologies dependent upon cloud and haze free images...
July 26, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746381/hedgehogs-on-the-move-testing-the-effects-of-land-use-change-on-home-range-size-and-movement-patterns-of-free-ranging-ethiopian-hedgehogs
#6
Mohammad A Abu Baker, Nigel Reeve, April A T Conkey, David W Macdonald, Nobuyuki Yamaguchi
Degradation and alteration of natural environments because of agriculture and other land uses have major consequences on vertebrate populations, particularly on spatial organization and movement patterns. We used GPS tracking to study the effect of land use and sex on the home range size and movement of a typical model species, the Ethiopian hedgehogs. We used free-ranging hedgehogs from two areas with different land use practices: 24 from an area dominated by irrigated farms (12 ♂♂, 12 ♀♀) and 22 from a natural desert environment within a biosphere reserve (12 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746367/high-resolution-isotopic-evidence-of-specialised-cattle-herding-in-the-european-neolithic
#7
Claudia Gerling, Thomas Doppler, Volker Heyd, Corina Knipper, Thomas Kuhn, Moritz F Lehmann, Alistair W G Pike, Jörg Schibler
Reconstructing stock herding strategies and land use is key to comprehending past human social organization and economy. We present laser-ablation strontium and carbon isotope data from 25 cattle (Bos taurus) to reconstruct mobility and infer herding management at the Swiss lakeside settlement of Arbon Bleiche 3, occupied for only 15 years (3384-3370 BC). Our results reveal three distinct isotopic patterns that likely reflect different herding strategies: 1) localized cattle herding, 2) seasonal movement, and 3) herding away from the site year-round...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746084/epidemiology-and-location-of-primary-retrieval-missions-in-a-scottish-aeromedical-service
#8
Gregg Neagle, Lisa Curatolo, John Ferris, Mike Donald, Stephen Hearns, Alasdair R Corfield
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital critical care teams comprising an appropriately trained physician and paramedic or nurse have been associated with improved outcomes in selected trauma patients. These teams are a scarce and expensive resource, especially when delivered by rotary air assets. The optimal tasking of prehospital critical care teams is therefore vital and remains a subject of debate. Emergency Medical Retrieval Service (EMRS) provides a prehospital critical care response team to incidents over a large area of Scotland either by air or by road...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745895/reactivity-of-triplet-excited-states-of-dissolved-natural-organic-matter-in-stormflow-from-mixed-use-watersheds
#9
Andrew J McCabe, William A Arnold
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) quantity and composition control the rate of formation (Rf,T) of triplet excited states of dissolved natural organic matter ((3)DOM*) and the efficiency of (3)DOM* formation (the apparent quantum yield, AQYT). Here, the reactivity of (3)DOM* in stormflow samples collected from watersheds with variable land covers is examined. Stormflow DOM reflects variability in DOM quantity and composition as a function of land cover and may be important in controlling the fate of co-transported pollutants...
July 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744062/effects-of-aquatic-walking-exercise-using-a-walker-in-a-chronic-stroke-patient
#10
Tadashi Matsuda, Yoshiteru Akezaki
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of aquatic walking exercise using a walker for chronic stroke patients. We also examined the psychological effects on the study subject and the primary caregiver before and after aquatic walking exercise. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 60-year-old male with bilateral paralysis after a cerebrovascular accident. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) total score was 116 on the right and 115 on the left. The intervention combined aquatic and land walking exercise...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744056/comparison-of-muscle-synergies-before-and-after-10-minutes-of-running
#11
Naoto Matsunaga, Atsushi Imai, Koji Kaneoka
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the modular control of locomotor tasks and compared the modules before and after a running intervention. [Subjects and Methods] Electromyographic measurements were performed on eight young, healthy males engaged in a 60s run on a treadmill at 2.8 m/s before and immediately after the 600s of running intervention. Electromyographic data for 15 trunk and lower-limb muscles on the right side were recorded. Muscle synergies were extracted from the electromyography signals using non-negative matrix factorization...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743953/detection-of-the-spatial-patterns-of-water-storage-variation-over-china-in-recent-70-years
#12
Zheng Chen, Weiguo Jiang, Jianjun Wu, Kun Chen, Yue Deng, Kai Jia, Xinyu Mo
Terrestrial water storage (TWS) variation is crucial for global hydrological cycles and water resources management under climatic changes. In the previous studies, changes in water storage of some part of China have been studied with GRACE data in recent ten years. However, the spatial pattern of changes in water storage over China may be different in a long period. Here, we aimed to present long-term spatial patterns of TWS over China between 1948 to 2015 by unique Global Land Data Assimilation System Version 2 data and identify possible factors to water storage changes...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743947/match-between-soaring-modes-of-black-kites-and-the-fine-scale-distribution-of-updrafts
#13
Carlos D Santos, Frank Hanssen, Antonio-Román Muñoz, Alejandro Onrubia, Martin Wikelski, Roel May, João P Silva
Understanding how soaring birds use updrafts at small spatial scales is important to identify ecological constraints of movement, and may help to prevent conflicts between wind-energy development and the conservation of wildlife. We combined high-frequency GPS animal tracking and fine-spatial-scale uplift modelling to establish a link between flight behaviour of soaring birds and the distribution of updrafts. We caught 21 black kites (Milvus migrans) and GPS-tracked them while flying over the Tarifa region, on the Spanish side of the Strait of Gibraltar...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743654/endografting-under-assistance-of-trans-apical-body-floss-through-and-through-wiring-technique-and-rapid-ventricular-pacing-for-an-ascending-aortic-tuberculous-pseudoaneurysm
#14
Wan-Chi Chiang, Emily Ling-Lin Pai, Po-Lin Chen, Chun-Che Shih, I-Ming Chen
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the successful treatment of an ascending aortic tuberculous pseudoaneurysm using endografts through the transapical body floss wiring technique with rapid ventricular pacing support. CASE REPORT: A 77-year-old woman with a nonhealing anteromedial chest wound presented with sudden hypotension and hemoptysis. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 9-cm-diameter pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta with sternal erosion near the wound. Conventional open repair was not preferred because of possible contamination of the interposition graft and difficult sternum closure...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743563/high-spatial-and-temporal-resolution-anthropogenic-heat-discharge-estimation-in-los-angeles-county-california
#15
Yuanfan Zheng, Qihao Weng
Anthropogenic heat flux (Qf), which originates through energy consumption from buildings, industrial plants, vehicle exhausts, and human metabolism releases, is an important component in the urban Surface Energy Balance (SEB) system, and is key to understanding of many urban environmental issues. The present study provided a hybrid Qf modeling approach, which combined the inventory and GIS approach to create a 365-day hourly Qf profile at 120 m spatial resolution in Los Angeles County, California, USA. Qf was estimated by separate calculation of heat release from buildings, traffics, and human metabolism, respectively...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743283/spatial-population-dynamics-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-distribution-of-lutzomyia-longipalpis-lutz-neiva-1912-diptera-psychodidae-phlebotominae-in-the-city-of-clorinda-formosa-argentina
#16
Andrea Gómez-Bravo, Alba German, Marcelo Abril, Marcelo Scavuzzo, Oscar D Salomón
BACKGROUND: Lutzomyia longipalpis, the vector for the causal agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), has extended its distribution in the southern cone in the Americas. The first urban record of Lu. longipalpis in Argentina was from the City of Clorinda in 2004. The aim of this study was to analyse the monthly distribution and abundance of Lu. longipalpis and to evaluate its association with environmental and climatic variables in Clorinda City, Province of Formosa. METHODS: Phlebotominae sampling was performed using CDC light mini-traps that were placed in different sites of the city between January 2012 and December 2013...
July 25, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743278/status-of-insecticide-resistance-in-anopheles-mosquitoes-in-ubon-ratchathani-province-northeastern-thailand
#17
Anchana Sumarnrote, Hans J Overgaard, Nattapol Marasri, Bénédicte Fustec, Kanutcharee Thanispong, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, Vincent Corbel
BACKGROUND: Malaria is common in hilly, forested areas along national borders in Southeast Asia. Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors has been detected in a few countries in the Greater Mekong sub-region (GMS), representing a threat to malaria control and prevention. This study aims to determine the insecticide resistance status of Anopheles mosquitoes in Ubon Ratchathani province, northeastern Thailand, where increasing number of malaria cases were reported recently. METHODS: Mosquitoes were collected in 2013-2015 using human landing and cattle bait collections in six sites during both the rainy and dry seasons...
July 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743021/evolution-an-irresistibly-clear-view-of-land
#18
Dan-E Nilsson
Visually guided predation is range-limited in water, but works over long distances on land. This may have driven our last aquatic ancestors to evolve large eyes on the top of their head for spotting crunchy meals on ancient riverbanks.
July 24, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743006/restoring-low-input-high-diversity-grasslands-as-a-potential-global-resource-for-biofuels
#19
Brian Machovina, Kenneth J Feeley
Reducing meat consumption by humans and shifting to more efficient plant and animal protein sources could potentially free up large areas of pasture and feedcrop agricultural land for restoration or conversion to low-input high-diversity (LIHD) grasslands. LIHD grasslands improve biodiversity, carbon sequestration, erosion control, water storage, while also providing opportunities to produce biofuels. We examined the potential of converting pastures globally, and animal feedstock agricultural lands in the USA and Brazil, to LIHD biomass sources and the capacity of these systems to meet national energy demands via (1) cellulosic ethanol and (2) integrated gasification and combined cycle technology with Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbon synthesis (IGCC-FT) processing...
July 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742526/the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-a-promising-source-for-sustainable-production-of-proteins-lipids-and-bioactive-substances
#20
Ariane Müller, Diana Wolf, Herwig O Gutzeit
The growing demand worldwide for proteins and lipids cannot be met by the intensive use of agricultural land currently available. Insect mass cultures as a source for proteins and lipids have been in focus for various reasons. An insect with many positive properties is the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, whose larvae could be used for the sustainable production of proteins and lipids. Furthermore, the larvae produce bioactive substances which could potentially be used for human and animal welfare.
July 25, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
keyword
keyword
27548
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"