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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731673/-kawasaki-disease-interdisciplinary-and-intersocieties-consensus-clinical-guidelines-brief-version
#1
(no author information available yet)
Kawasaki disease is an acute self-limiting systemic vasculitis. It is the most common cause of acquired heart disease, with the risk of developing coronary artery aneurysms, myocardial infarction and sudden death. Diagnosis is based on the presence of fever in addition to other clinical criteria. The quarter of the Kawasaki disease patients have "incomplete" presentation. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin within ten days of fever onset improves clinical outcomes and reduces the incidence of coronary artery dilation to less than 5%...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731658/rights-of-persons-with-conditions-associated-with-disability-current-legal-framework
#2
Graciela Moya
The objective of this review study is to promote the dissemination of the legislation in force in Argentina for the protection of the rights of persons with conditions that might cause disability. Articles of bills and laws that protect the rights of these families are reviewed, so that health care providers assisting them have better access to them. Argentina has a wide range of laws and regulations dedicated to protecting them, but they are generally not clearly recognized by citizens. The aim is to disseminate this information in the medical setting so that health care providers can help patients recognize their rights through empowerment...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731654/validation-of-the-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-specific-comorbidity-index-in-a-retrospective-cohort-of-children-and-adolescents-who-received-an-allogeneic-transplantation-in-argentina
#3
Carlos M Figueroa Turienzo, Carolina Cernadas, Mariana Roizen, Silvia Pizzi, Raquel Staciuk
INTRODUCTION: Hematopoietic cell transplantationis a therapy with a risk of transplant-related mortality (TRM), which may vary depending on prior comorbidities. The Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-Specific Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) is an instrument developed to measure this risk. There are very few reports on its use in pediatrics. The objective of this study was to validate the HCT-CI in a pediatric cohort of allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation recipients in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort made up of 140 transplant patients at Hospital J...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730367/prevalence-of-chromosomal-aberrations-in-argentinean-agricultural-workers
#4
Graciela Eugenia Bianco, Eva Suarez, Lauro Cazon, Teresita Beatriz de la Puente, Marcelo Rafael Benitez Ahrendts, Julio César De Luca
Little is known about biosecurity measures and toxic effects during pesticide application in the province of Jujuy, Argentina, particularly concerning the protective measures and mixture of pesticides used by rural workers. We carried out an observational study of agricultural workers from Jujuy (76 exposed subjects and 53 controls) to investigate the prevalence of chromosomal aberrations (CAs) in human lymphocytes as well as the activity level of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in red blood cell erythrocytes. Whole blood samples (5 mL) were collected in heparinized Vacutainer tubes for cytogenetic analysis and erythrocyte cholinesterase activity determination according to Ellman's method...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729226/solanum-paniculatum-l-decreases-levels-of-inflammatory-cytokines-by-reducing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-t-bet-and-gata3-gene-expression-in-vitro
#5
Raimon Rios, Hugo Bernardino Ferreira da Silva, Norma Vilany Queiroz Carneiro, Anaque de Oliveira Pires, Tamires Cana Brasil Carneiro, Ryan Dos Santos Costa, Cintia Rodrigues Marques, Marta Santos Serafim Machado, Eudes da Silva Velozo, Telma M G da Silva, Tania M S da Silva, Adilva de Souza Conceição, Neuza Maria Alcântara-Neves, Camila Alexandrina Figueiredo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Solanum paniculatum L., popularly known as jurubeba, is a common subtropical plant from Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina, that is used in folk medicine for the treatment of anemia, gastrointestinal disorders and inflammatory conditions in general. In addition to that, an ethnobotanical survey in "Todos os Santos" Bay have pointed out S. paniculatum as an herb to treat asthma. Previous publications have shown that S. paniculatum possesses antibiotic, antioxidant and modulatory effects on gastric acid secretion; however, its anti-inflammatory potential remains unexplored...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727985/comparative-study-and-analytical-verification-of-pcr-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-congenital-chagas-disease
#6
Carolina Inés Cura, Juan Carlos Ramírez, Marcelo Rodríguez, Constanza Lopez-Albízu, Lucía Irazu, Karenina Scollo, Sergio Sosa-Estani
Congenital infection is currently the first cause of new cases of Chagas disease in Argentina and nonendemic areas worldwide. Its diagnosis is of utmost importance to guarantee curative treatment. To improve such diagnosis, a transfer process of PCR tests to the national laboratory network has been initiated. We performed a comparative study of four PCR assays [two end-point PCR and two duplex real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) procedures] to detect Trypanosoma cruzi DNA in blood samples. Because satellite DNA and kinetoplastid DNA qPCR methods have the best performance and the use of two different molecular targets for confirmatory purposes has been recommended, these methods selected to perform the transfer process and, in consequence, subjected to an analytical verification protocol based on international guidelines...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726024/thermal-physiology-of-three-sympatric-and-syntopic-liolaemidae-lizards-in-cold-and-arid-environments-of-patagonia-argentina
#7
F Duran, E L Kubisch, Jorgelina M Boretto
The thermal physiology determines the whole biology of ectotherm organisms, by limiting their acquisition and allocation of resources. Herein, we aim to add knowledge on how different species use the thermal resources when they coexist in a habitat, studying the thermal physiology of three sympatric and syntopic liolaemid lizards, Phymaturus querque, Phymaturus zapalensis, and Liolaemus elongatus during the summer season. We measured the body temperatures at capture places, the operative microenvironmental temperatures in the field, and the preferred body temperature in an experimental thermal gradient in the laboratory...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725632/medicinal-importance-pharmacological-activities-and-analytical-aspects-of-hispidulin-a-concise-report
#8
REVIEW
Kanika Patel, Dinesh Kumar Patel
Herbal medicines have been played an important role in the human civilization since very ancient time as a food, cloth, medicine and other aspects. Some of the important drugs in the modern medicine were derived from the natural sources such as aspirin, digitalis, quinine, vincristine, vinblastine etc. Hispidulin (4', 5, 7-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone) is a flavones derivative found in plant such as Grindelia argentina, Arrabidaea chica, Saussurea involucrate, Crossostephium chinense, Artemisia and Salvia species...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721748/influence-of-nationality-on-the-brief-international-cognitive-assessment-for-multiple-sclerosis-bicams
#9
A Smerbeck, Ralph H B Benedict, Arman Eshaghi, Sandra Vanotti, Carina Spedo, Jana Blahova Dusankova, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Vanessa D Marques, Dawn Langdon
OBJECTIVE: In answer to the call for improved accessibility of neuropsychological services to the international community, the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS; MS) was validated in multiple, non-English-speaking countries. It was created to monitor processing speed and learning in MS patients, including abbreviated versions of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition, and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test, Revised...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721526/genetic-characterization-of-human-hydatid-cysts-shows-coinfection-by-echinococcus-canadensis-g7-and-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-g1-in-argentina
#10
María Florencia Debiaggi, Silvia Viviana Soriano, Nora Beatriz Pierangeli, Lorena Evelina Lazzarini, Luis Alfredo Pianciola, Melina Leonor Mazzeo, Sergio Moguillansky, Juan Angel Basualdo Farjat
Human cystic echinococcosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is a highly endemic disease in the province of Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina. Human infections with E. granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) G1 and Echinococcus canadensis G6 were reported in Neuquén in previous studies, whereas four genotypes were identified in livestock: G1, G3, G6, and G7. The aim of this study was to identify the genotypes of E. granulosus s.l. isolates from humans of Neuquén province, Patagonia, Argentina, through the 2005-2014 period...
July 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720446/acceptability-of-multipurpose-human-papillomavirus-vaccines-among-providers-and-mothers-of-adolescent-girls-a-mixed-methods-study-in-five-countries
#11
Nadja A Vielot, Shoshana K Goldberg, Gregory Zimet, Sara B Smith, Mary Anne McDonald, Silvina Ramos, Karen Morgan, Chan Joo Kim, Karin L Richter, Merce Peris, Kevin J Whaley, Jennifer S Smith
INTRODUCTION: Multipurpose vaccines (MPVs) could be formulated to prevent multiple sexually transmitted infections simultaneously. Little is known about acceptability of MPVs among vaccine health care providers (HCPs) or mothers of adolescent girls. METHODS: 151 adolescent vaccine providers and 118 mothers of adolescent girls aged 9-14 were recruited from five geographically-diverse countries: Argentina, Malaysia, South Africa, South Korea, and Spain. We assessed providers' preferences for single-purpose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine versus MPVs (including HPV+herpes simplex virus (HSV)-2, HPV+HIV, or HPV+HSV-2+HIV) via quantitative surveys...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720272/an-ethnographic-exploration-of-the-delivery-of-psychosocial-care-to-children-with-cancer-in-argentina
#12
Eugenia Brage, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros
PURPOSE: The integration of psychosocial care in the routine care of cancer patients has been set as an international standard, but there are healthcare contexts where these services are lacking as psychosocial care providers are not incorporated in multidisciplinary teams and screening for psychological distress is not carried out routinely or systematically. METHOD: In this article, we discuss the findings from an ethnographic study that focused on exploring the working experiences of psychosocial care providers from one children's hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719325/serologic-monitoring-of-public-health-interventions-against-strongyloides-stercoralis
#13
Paola Vargas, Alejandro J Krolewiecki, Adriana Echazú, Marisa Juarez, Pamela Cajal, Jose F Gil, Nicolás Caro, Julio Nasser, Patrick Lammie, Rubén O Cimino
Northwestern Argentina is endemic for soil-transmitted helminths, and annual deworming programs are carried out in prioritized areas. High prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis was reported in this area; therefore, control programs including ivermectin are being evaluated. The NIE-enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for this purpose. In this community trial, two groups of patients, classified according to housing and living conditions were evaluated. Simultaneous with baseline survey, Group 1 was moved to new households with access to improved water and sanitation facilities (W and S), where deworming (MDA, massive drug administration) took place within 1 month; whereas Group 2 received MDA but remained living with unimproved W and S...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719254/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-cystic-echinococcosis-in-the-cusco-region-of-the-peruvian-highlands-diagnosed-using-focused-abdominal-ultrasound
#14
Francesca Tamarozzi, Amy Hou, Maria Luisa Morales, Maria Teresa Giordani, Freddy Vilca, Karen Mozo, Ruben Bascope, A Clinton White, Enrico Brunetti, Lin Chen, Miguel M Cabada
AbstractLatin America is among the highly endemic regions for cystic echinococcosis (CE). In Peru, an estimated 1,139 disability-adjusted life years are lost annually from surgical treatment of CE. This is comparable with the combined total for Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Chile. The prevalence of human infection has been investigated in the central Peruvian Andes, but there are no community-based screening data from other regions of Peru. We carried out a population survey in January 2015 using abdominal ultrasound to estimate the prevalence of abdominal CE in the Canas and Canchis provinces, in the Cusco region of Peru...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718802/ouabain-protects-human-renal-cells-against-the-cytotoxic-effects-of-shiga-toxin-type-2-and-subtilase-cytotoxin
#15
María M Amaral, Magalí C Girard, Romina S Álvarez, Adrienne W Paton, James C Paton, Horacio A Repetto, Flavia Sacerdoti, Cristina A Ibarra
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is one of the most common causes of acute renal failure in children. The majority of cases are associated with Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). In Argentina, HUS is endemic and presents the highest incidence rate in the world. STEC strains expressing Stx type 2 (Stx2) are responsible for the most severe cases of this pathology. Subtilase cytotoxin (SubAB) is another STEC virulence factor that may contribute to HUS pathogenesis. To date, neither a licensed vaccine nor effective therapy for HUS is available for humans...
July 18, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718494/the-hiv-care-cascade-in-buenos-aires-argentina-results-in-a-tertiary-referral-hospital
#16
Carina Cesar, Gabriela Blugerman, José Antonio Valiente, Peter Rebeiro, Omar Sued, Valeria Fink, Mariana Romero Soto, Roberto Cillis, Cleyton Yamamoto, Carlos Falistocco, Pedro Cahn, Héctor Pérez
Objective: To determine rates of retention, antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, and viral suppression in an adult cohort from a public tertiary referral hospital in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Methods: HIV-positive ART-naïve patients ≥ 18 years old starting care 2011-2013 contributed data until the end of 2014. Three outcomes were assessed in 2014: retention in care, ART use, and viral suppression. Patient characteristics associated with each outcome were assessed through logistic regression...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717999/macro-and-microclimate-conditions-may-alter-grapevine-deacclimation-variation-in-thermal-amplitude-in-two-contrasting-wine-regions-from-north-and-south-america
#17
Francisco Gonzalez Antivilo, Rosalía Cristina Paz, Markus Keller, Roberto Borgo, Jorge Tognetti, Fidel Roig Juñent
Low temperature is a limiting factor that affects vineyard distribution globally. The level of cold hardiness acquired during the dormant season by Vitis sp. is crucial for winter survival. Most research published on this topic has been generated beyond 40° N latitude, where daily mean temperatures may attain injurious levels during the dormant season resulting in significant damage to vines and buds. Symptoms of cold injury have been identified in Mendoza (32-35° S latitude), a Southern Hemisphere wine region characterized by a high thermal amplitude, and warm winds during the dormant season...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716199/strategic-control-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-infestation-on-beef-cattle-grazed-in-panicum-maximum-grasses-in-a-subtropical-semi-arid-region-of-argentina
#18
Nicolás Morel, Marcelo L Signorini, Atilio J Mangold, Alberto A Guglielmone, Santiago Nava
The aim of this work was to test the efficacy of strategic control methods of Rhipicephalus microplus infestation on beef cattle grazed in Panicum maximum grasses in northwestern Argentina. Also, an analysis to discern how the R. microplus population was distributed amongst cattle was also performed to determine if partial selective treatment or cull the small proportion of more heavily infested animals are feasible options to control this tick. The strategic scheme of treatments was designed to act on the small 1st generation of R...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715452/including-irrigation-in-niche-modelling-of-the-invasive-wasp-vespula-germanica-fabricius-improves-model-fit-to-predict-potential-for-further-spread
#19
Marelize de Villiers, Darren J Kriticos, Ruan Veldtman
The European wasp, Vespula germanica (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), is of Palaearctic origin, being native to Europe, northern Africa and Asia, and introduced into North America, Chile, Argentina, Iceland, Ascension Island, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Due to its polyphagous nature and scavenging behaviour, V. germanica threatens agriculture and silviculture, and negatively affects biodiversity, while its aggressive nature and venomous sting pose a health risk to humans. In areas with warmer winters and longer summers, queens and workers can survive the winter months, leading to the build-up of large nests during the following season; thereby increasing the risk posed by this species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712509/genetic-diversity-of-thermotolerant-campylobacter-spp-isolates-from-different-stages-of-the-poultry-meat-supply-chain-in-argentina
#20
María V Zbrun, Analía Romero-Scharpen, Carolina Olivero, Jorge A Zimmermann, Eugenia Rossler, Lorena P Soto, Diego M Astesana, Jesica E Blajman, Ayelén Berisvil, Laureano S Frizzo, Marcelo L Signorini
The objective of this study was to investigate a clonal relationship among thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. isolates from different stages of the poultry meat supply chain in Argentina. A total of 128 thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. (89 C. jejuni and 39 C. coli) isolates from six poultry meat chains were examined. These isolates were from: a) hens from breeder flocks, b) chickens on the farm (at ages 1 wk and 5 wk), c) chicken carcasses in the slaughterhouse, and d) chicken carcasses in the retail market...
July 13, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
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