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labor induction

Heng Yin, Lei Zhao, Ying Lin, Ying Wang, Yaping Hu, Guoqiang Sun, Mei Xiao
AIM: To compare perinatal outcomes of dinoprostone for induced labor in pregnancies with a borderline versus normal amniotic fluid index (AFI) at term, and to investigate the related factors affecting outcomes of cesarean section. METHODS: The retrospective study was carried out in Hubei Maternal and Child Health Hospital with singleton pregnancies of 37-42 weeks' gestation from January to August 2016. A total of 992 subjects were divided into two groups: borderline AFI group (n =125) with 5 < AFI ≤ 8 and normal AFI group (n = 867) with 8 < AFI ≤ 24...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Emrah Dagdeviren, Berna Aslan Çetin, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Nadiye Koroglu, Elif Goknur Topcu, Mehmet Aytac Yuksel
PURPOSE: Induction of labor is a common practice in obstetrics. In recent years, a newer ultrasonographic parameter called the uterocervical angle (UCA) has been identified as a predictive tool for births. Our purpose is to investigate the role of UCA in predicting successful induction of labor. METHODS: The nulliparous term pregnancies (n:150) were grouped into successful/failed inductions of labor based on their progress into the active phase of labor after the administration of prostaglandin E2 (dinoprostone)...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
V Pez, P Deruelle, M Kyheng, C Boyon, E Clouqueur, C Garabedian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of single balloon catheter with double balloon catheter and dinoprostone insert for cervical ripening and labor induction on unfavourable cervix. METHODS: this is a comparative, retrospective, one-center trial. Were included singleton pregnancy in cephalic presentation. Were excluded cicatricial uterus. The outcomes were vaginal delivery rate, caesarean section rate, modification in Bishop score, time from induction to delivery, second time prostaglandin E2 resort, oxytocin administration resort, maternal or neonatal adverse events...
June 11, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Anna Joy G Rogers, Lorie M Harper, Giancarlo Mari
Cesarean deliveries accounted for 32.2% of nearly 4 million births in the United States in 2014. Obesity affects a third of reproductive age women and is associated with worse cesarean delivery outcomes. Studies have shown that increasing maternal body mass index correlates linearly with cesarean delivery rates, but little is known about the potential mediating and moderating mechanisms. Thus, a conceptual framework for understanding how obesity correlates with risk of cesarean delivery is crucial to determining safe ways to reduce the cesarean delivery rate among obese gravidas...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
B Castelijn, Kwp Hollander, J F Hensbergen, R G IJzerman, A W Valkenburg-van den Berg, Jwr Twisk, Cjm De Groot, Mgaj Wouters
BACKGROUND: Major concerns of pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus are an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome. The objective of this study was to analyse the rate of fetal distress during labor in women with type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes compared to control women. METHODS: A retrospective case-cohort study was conducted at the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam; a tertiary care hospital. 117 women with type 1 diabetes, 59 women with type 2 diabetes, 303 women with gestational diabetes and 15,260 control women were included, who delivered between March 2004 and February 2014...
June 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Giulia Magoga, Laura Felder, Francesco Palazzo, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: Whipple procedure is a complex operation usually performed to treat periampullary neoplasms. There are only four case reports of five pregnancies after Whipple procedure, with limited evidence about how to manage pregnancy after this surgery. CASE: A 28-year-old gravida 5 Para 2022 presented to our hospital at 20 weeks with worsening depression. She had a history of Whipple for a solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas followed by two pregnancies...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Mathilde Vital, Joséphine Grange, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Jérôme Dimet, Guillaume Ducarme
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of successful cervical ripening using double-balloon catheter (DBC) for labor induction among women with previous cesarean delivery (PCD) and unfavorable cervix at term. METHODS: The present prospective observational study was conducted among women who underwent cervical ripening with DBC at a French tertiary care hospital between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2017. Inclusion criteria were PCD; singleton term fetus; cephalic presentation; and unfavorable cervix (Bishop score <6)...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Spencer G Kuper, Victoria C Jauk, David M George, Rodney K Edwards, Jeff M Szychowski, Sara E Mazzoni, Michelle J Wang, Pamela Files, Alan T Tita, Akila Subramaniam, Lorie M Harper
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether outpatient cervical ripening with a transcervical Foley catheter in parous women undergoing elective induction of labor shortens the total duration of time from admission to the labor ward until delivery. METHODS: We performed an open-label randomized controlled trial at a single academic center in parous women at 39 weeks of gestation or greater with a cervix 3 cm or less dilated, or, if 2-3 cm dilated, less than 80% effaced and reassuring fetal heart rate monitoring (defined as moderate variability with a normal baseline and absence of decelerations)...
June 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Charline Bertholdt, Olivier Morel, Matthieu Dap, Marion Choserot, Hélène Minebois
INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the success of labor induction for indicated moderate and late preterm birth. As secondary objectives, the mode of delivery was assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an observational study conducted in a tertiary care unit between 2013 and 2015. All patients who underwent labor induction for indicated preterm birth between 32 + 0 and 36 + 6 weeks of gestation (as premature rupture of membranes, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, fetomaternal alloimmunization, or intrahepatic cholestasis) were included...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Katja R Kasimatis, Megan J Moerdyk-Schauwecker, Patrick C Phillips
The ability to control both the means and timing of sexual reproduction provides a powerful tool to understand not only fertilization but also life history trade-offs resulting from sexual reproduction. However, precisely controlling fertilization has proved a major challenge across model systems. An ideal sterility induction system should be external, non-toxic, and reversible. Using the auxin-inducible degradation system targeting the spe-44 gene within the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans , we designed a means of externally inducing spermatogenesis arrest...
June 7, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Hytham Atia, Mohamed Ellaithy, Ahmed Altraigey, Mohamed Kolkailah, Amal Alserehi, Shabana Ashfaq
OBJECTIVE: During delivery counseling, some women with previous uncomplicated cesarean section (CS) wish mechanical induction of labor (IOL) but they are not accepting the added risk of using ecbolics to induce and/or augment labor. The objective of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the isolated use of transcervical Foley's catheter balloon as a mean of mechanical cervical ripening (CR)/IOL and successful ecbolic-less vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in two tertiary care maternity hospitals between October 2013 and July 2016 and recruited women with singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation who had previous one uncomplicated CS and were scheduled for mechanical CR/IOL at term for routine obstetric indications...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Beata Marciniak, Jolanta Patro-Małysza, Żaneta Kimber-Trojnar, Jan Oleszczuk, Bożena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to identify predictors of cesarean delivery (CD) in patients with an unfavorable cervix undergoing cervical ripening and labor induction with Foley catheter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies induced using Foley catheter was performed to evaluate whether factors in the maternal history and during the process of labor induction are useful in predicting the risk of CD. RESULTS: During the study period there were 2...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Xiaomei Chen, Yuanyuan Li, Bin Zhang, Aifen Zhou, Tongzhang Zheng, Zheng Huang, Xinyun Pan, Wenyu Liu, Hongxiu Liu, Yangqian Jiang, Xiaojie Sun, Chen Hu, Yuling Xing, Wei Xia, Shunqing Xu
Prior studies have suggested the reproductive effects of nickel; however, few epidemiological studies have investigated the associations of maternal exposure to nickel with preterm delivery. To investigate prenatal exposure to nickel as a risk factor for preterm delivery (< 37 weeks) in a large birth cohort. A total of 7291 pregnant women participated in the study were recruited between September 2012 and October 2014 in the longitudinal Healthy Baby Cohort (HBC) in Wuhan, China. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry was employed to examine levels of nickel in urine from pregnant women collected before labor...
February 2018: Chemosphere
Maciej Suski, Renata Bokiniec, Monika Szwarc-Duma, Józef Madej, Beata Bujak-Giżycka, Przemko Kwinta, Maria Katarzyna Borszewska-Kornacka, Cecilie Revhaug, Lars O Baumbusch, Ola D Saugstad, Jacek Józef Pietrzyk
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to analyze time-resolved plasma proteome changes in preterm neonates stratified by their gestational age to detect malfunctioning pathways that derive from the systemic immaturity of the neonate and to highlight those that are differentially regulated during the early development. METHODS: Preterm newborns were enrolled in three subgroups with different gestational ages: before 26 weeks of gestation (group 1), between 27 and 28 weeks of gestation (group 2), and between 29 and 30 (group 3) weeks of gestation...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Research
Adriana Fulginiti, Gabrielle Alexander, Cassandra E Henderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yusuke Ueda, Chizuko A Kamiya, Atsushi Nakanishi, Chinami Horiuchi, Takekazu Miyoshi, Ryoichi Hazama, Mitsuhiro Tsuritani, Naoko Iwanaga, Reiko Neki, Jun Yoshimatsu
Little is known about pregnancies of left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC), much less cases in which LVNC was definitively diagnosed prepregnancy. We report the cases of three pregnant Japanese women definitively diagnosed with LVNC prepregnancy. Case 1 presented LVNC with restrictive phenotype. Her pregnancy was terminated due to exacerbated pulmonary hypertension and low output status at 30 weeks' gestation. Case 2 presented isolated LVNC with nonsustained ventricle tachycardia. A cesarean section was performed at 36 weeks' gestation because of placenta previa...
May 23, 2018: International Heart Journal
Xin-Ying Qi, Yan-Ping Xing, Xue-Zhen Wang, Feng-Zhen Yang
BACKGROUND: The goal was to study whether higher physical activity can increase the success rate of Vaginal Birth after Cesarean Delivery (VBAC). METHODS: We enrolled 823 patients with previous cesarean section delivery history (between January 2015 and December 2017) and measured their physical activity during pregnancy. A final number of 519 patients were included for the trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC). All patients signed informed consent forms...
May 24, 2018: Reproductive Health
Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Sharon Orbach-Zinger, Amir Aviram, Liran Hiersch, Rony Chen, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the length of second stage of labor in a contemporary cohort. We calculated the 5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles for second-stage length stratified by parity and epidural analgesia use and evaluated the effect of labor induction and oxytocin augmentation in our cohort. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of all live, singleton, term vaginal deliveries in one tertiary hospital. Multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate second-stage duration confounders...
May 22, 2018: Birth
Victoria Ankarcrona, Daniel Altman, Anna-Karin Wikström, Bo Jacobsson, Sophia Brismar Wendel
INTRODUCTION: An increasing proportion of nulliparous women are over 40 years and labor is more often induced. The aim of this study was to assess delivery outcome in women over 40 years, accounting for the interaction between age and induction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population-based study of 1 644 598 nulliparous women with live singleton cephalic term deliveries 1992 to 2011. Risks of intrapartum cesarean section, operative vaginal delivery, obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS), and 5-minutes Apgar score <7 were calculated in women ≥40 years with induced or spontaneous labor, and women <40 years with induced labor by unconditional logistic regression, and presented with crude and adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
May 17, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Silvia Poma, Luigia Scudeller, Chiara Verga, Giorgio Mirabile, Barbara Gardella, Federica Broglia, Maria Ciceri, Marinella Fuardo, Simona Pellicori, Maddalena Gerletti, Silvia Zizzi, Elena Masserini, Maria Paola Delmonte, Giorgio Antonio Iotti
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial anesthesia is considered as the gold standard in the control labor of pain. Its variants are epidural analgesia and combined spinal-epidural analgesia. Few studies, as yet, have investigated the duration of labor as a primary outcome. Some authors have suggested that combined spinal-epidural analgesia may reduce labor duration but at the moment the benefit of shortening labor is uncertain. The main aim of this study was to compare combined spinal-epidural with epidural analgesia in terms of their effect on duration of stage I labor, maternal, and neonatal outcomes...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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