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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455616/is-the-fetal-cerebroplacental-ratio-better-that-the-estimated-fetal-weight-in-predicting-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-a-low-risk-cohort
#1
Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: In high-risk pregnancies combining the cerebro-placental ratio (CPR) with the estimated fetal weight (EFW) improves the identification of vulnerable fetuses. The purpose of this study was to assess the CPR and EFW's ability to predict adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes in a low-risk pregnancy, when measured late in gestation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of women who birthed at Mater Mothers Hospitals, Brisbane, Australia between 2010 and 2015...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455594/vaginal-birth-after-a-cesarean-delivery-for-arrest-of-descent
#2
Nathan S Fox, Amalia G Namath, Munira Ali, Mariam Naqvi, Simi Gupta, Andrei Rebarber
OBJECTIVE: To determine vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) success rates for patients with a prior cesarean delivery (CD) for arrest of descent, as well as determine any predictors for success. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of all patients delivered by a single MFM practice from 2005-2017 with a singleton pregnancy and one prior CD for arrest of descent. We estimated the rate and associated risk factors for successful VBAC. RESULTS: We included 208 patients with one prior CD for arrest of descent, 100 (48...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454125/management-of-skull-base-tumors-in-the-obstetric-population-a-case-series
#3
Blake H Priddy, Bradley A Otto, Ricardo L Carrau, Daniel M Prevedello
BACKGROUND: Neoplasms rarely present during pregnancy. However, increase in plasma volume, hormone release induced growth, and tumor hypervascularity, can cause rapid symptoms. These range from not requiring intervention to necessitating emergent operations. OBJECTIVE: We describe an algorithm for the management of symptomatic neoplasm in the obstetric population, and provide recommendations regarding surgical indications and timing. METHODS: Patients who presented to a skull base clinic from 2010-2016 at large tertiary care hospital were reviewed to identify patients who presented with a skull base tumor during pregnancy...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451861/induction-of-labor-in-twin-gestation-can-we-predict-success
#4
Armin S Razavi, Stephen T Chasen, Fiona Chambers, Robin B Kalish
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with a successful induction of labor in twin pregnancies and associated maternal morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of twin pregnancies ≥24 weeks' gestation undergoing labor induction from 2011 to 2016. The primary outcome was a successful induction of labor. The secondary outcome was a composite of maternal morbidity, including ≥1 of the following: estimated blood loss (EBL) >1500 ml, blood transfusion, hysterectomy, intensive care unit (ICU) admission or maternal death...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450884/is-sonographically-measured-cervical-length-at-37-weeks-gestation-associated-with-intrapartum-cesarean-section-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Bradley de Vries, Rajit Narayan, Kevin McGeechan, Stanley Santiagu, Ramesh Vairavan, Minke Burke, Hala Phipps, Jon Hyett
Cesarean section rates continue to increase globally. Prediction of intrapartum cesarean section could lead to preventative measures. Our aim was to assess the association between sonographically measured cervical length at 37 weeks' gestation and cesarean section among women planning a vaginal birth. The population was women with a low risk pregnancy or with gestational diabetes MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia. 212 women with a low risk pregnancy or with gestational diabetes were recruited including 158 nulliparous and 54 parous women...
February 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447245/adverse-obstetric-outcomes-during-delivery-hospitalizations-complicated-by-suicidal-behavior-among-us-pregnant-women
#6
Qiu-Yue Zhong, Bizu Gelaye, Jordan W Smoller, Paul Avillach, Tianxi Cai, Michelle A Williams
OBJECTIVE: The effects of suicidal behavior on obstetric outcomes remain dangerously unquantified. We sought to report on the risk of adverse obstetric outcomes for US women with suicidal behavior at the time of delivery. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of delivery hospitalizations from 2007-2012 National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample. From the same hospitalization record, International Classification of Diseases codes were used to identify suicidal behavior and adverse obstetric outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445926/single-versus-double-balloon-catheters-for-the-induction-of-labor-of-singleton-pregnancies-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-quasi-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Héctor Lajusticia, Samuel J Martínez-Domínguez, Gonzalo R Pérez-Roncero, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of single- versus double-balloon catheter (SBC vs. DBC) for cervical ripening and labor induction with an unfavorable cervix. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs (qRCT) regarding the use of SBC or DBC for labor induction of live singleton cephalic pregnancies (≥ 35 weeks) of any parity with an unripe cervix (Bishop score ≤ 6). Nine research databases were searched for original articles published in all languages up to November 2017 comparing both devices for labor induction...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444553/evaluation-of-biomarkers-for-treatment-selection-using-individual-participant-data-from-multiple-clinical-trials
#8
Chaeryon Kang, Holly Janes, Parvin Tajik, Henk Groen, Ben Mol, Corine Koopmans, Kim Broekhuijsen, Eva Zwertbroek, Maria van Pampus, Maureen Franssen
Biomarkers that predict treatment effects may be used to guide treatment decisions, thus improving patient outcomes. A meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD) is potentially more powerful than a single-study data analysis in evaluating markers for treatment selection. Our study was motivated by the IPD that were collected from 2 randomized controlled trials of hypertension and preeclampsia among pregnant women to evaluate the effect of labor induction over expectant management of the pregnancy in preventing progression to severe maternal disease...
February 14, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442404/cesarean-section-and-diabetes-during-pregnancy-an-nsw-population-study-using-the-robson-classification
#9
Reem Zeki, Jeremy J N Oats, Alex Y Wang, Zhuoyang Li, Caroline S E Homer, Elizabeth A Sullivan
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the main contributors to cesarean section (CS) among women with and without diabetes during pregnancy using the Robson classification and to compare CS rates within Robson groups. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted of all women who gave birth in New South Wales, Australia, between 2002 and 2012. Women with pregestational diabetes (types 1 and 2) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were grouped using the Robson classification...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420410/fetal-survival-in-second-trimester-termination-of-pregnancy-without-feticide
#10
Stephanie Springer, Monika E Gorczyca, Julia Arzt, Sophie Pils, Dieter Bettelheim, Johannes Ott
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of live birth and the duration of survival after termination of pregnancy without feticide. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 241 terminations of pregnancy without feticide for fetal anomalies or genetic abnormalities between 20 0/7 and 24 0/7 weeks of gestation at a single tertiary care referral center in Europe between February 2003 and May 2017. A multivariate binary regression model was used to evaluate factors associated with live birth...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408748/comparison-of-outcomes-between-induction-of-labor-and-spontaneous-labor-for-term-breech-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Wen Sun, Fen Liu, Shiliang Liu, Sara-Michelle Gratton, Darine El-Chaar, Shi Wu Wen, Dunjin Chen
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have assessed the impact of induction of labor on breech presentation. This study aims to summarize the effect of induction of labor of breech presentation on perinatal morbidity. METHODS: Literature review was done in Medline, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane Library up to 20 October 2017. Randomized control studies, cohort studies, and case control publishing studies comparing induction of labor versus spontaneous labor of singleton live breech birth were included...
December 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401080/the-effect-of-intermittent-oxytocin-pretreatment-on-oxytocin-induced-contractility-of-human-myometrium-in-vitro
#12
Chiraag Talati, Jose C A Carvalho, Alice Luca, Mrinalini Balki
BACKGROUND: Prolonged continuous oxytocin administration during labor may induce oxytocin receptor desensitization, which attenuates the response of the myometrium to further oxytocin, increasing the risk of postpartum hemorrhage. The literature comparing pulsatile (intermittent) versus continuous oxytocin administration for induction and augmentation of labor is inconsistent with regard to maternal outcomes. We aimed to determine the effect of intermittent versus continuous oxytocin preexposure on myometrial responsiveness to subsequent oxytocin...
February 2, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399013/the-clinical-value-of-prenatal-3d-ultrasonic-diagnosis-on-fetus-hemivertebra-deformity-a-preliminary-study
#13
Yanting Wen, Guishuang Xiang, Xiaoqiu Liang, Xiaoqian Tong
Objective: The present study is planned to discuss the clinical value of prenatal 3D ultra-sonic diagnosis on fetus hemivertebra deformity through the retrospective analysis of clinical data of fetus hemivertebra deformity. Methods: Selected 9 fetus hemivertebra deformity cases, which have been admitted to our hospital during the period from January, 2010 to January, 2016 as study samples, and analyzed their 2D and 3D ultrasonic examination data. Results: 4 cases of the fetus hemivertebra deformity occurred at lumbar vertebra, 3 cases at thoracic vertebra, and 2 cases at thoracolumbar vertebra...
February 2018: Current Medical Imaging Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391676/comparison-of-cervical-length-measured-by-transvaginal-ultrasonography-and-bishop-score-in-predicting-response-to-labor-induction
#14
Ronak Khandelwal, Purvi Patel, Dipa Pitre, Tosha Sheth, Nandita Maitra
Background: This study aims to compare the value of the Bishop score and cervical length measurement by transvaginal ultrasonography in predicting active labor within 6 h, induction-to-delivery interval, and the duration of active labor and to estimate the most useful cutoff points for the two methods. Methods: This is a prospective comparative study of Bishop score and cervical length measured by transvaginal sonography on 62 nulliparous subjects who underwent induction of labor...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376620/oral-misoprostol-versus-intravaginal-dinoprostone-for-labor-induction-a-comparison-study
#15
Caterina Neri, Alessandra Familiari, Francesco Preziosi, Chiara Vassallo, Angela Botta, Antonio Lanzone, Brigida Carducci, Alessandro Caruso
BACKGROUND: Labor induction (IOL) is one of the most common procedures performed in obstetrics, accounting for about the 20% of deliveries in the developed countries and it still represents a challenge to obstetricians. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is the comparison between two techniques for induction of Labor (IOL): oral Misoprostol and Propess. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Restrospective study in a single tertiary referral center. Clinical maternal, fetal and neonatal informations were recorded...
January 26, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356955/trial-of-labor-following-one-previous-cesarean-delivery-the-effect-of-gestational-age
#16
Maya Ram, Liran Hiersch, Eran Ashwal, Daniel Nassie, Anat Lavie, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
PURPOSE: To stratify maternal and neonatal outcomes of trials of labor after previous cesarean delivery (TOLAC) by gestational age. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all singleton pregnancies with one previous cesarean delivery in TOLAC at term between 2007 and 2014. We compared outcomes of delivery at an index gestational week, with outcomes of women who remained undelivered at this index gestational week (ongoing pregnancy). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were adjusted for maternal age, previous vaginal delivery, induction of labor, epidural use, presence of meconium, and birth weight > 4000 g...
January 22, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355709/magnesium-sulphate-induces-preconditioning-in-preterm-rodent-models-of-cerebral-hypoxia-ischemia
#17
Gabriella Koning, Ellinor Lyngfelt, Pernilla Svedin, Anna-Lena Leverin, Masako Jinnai, Pierre Gressens, Claire Thornton, Xiaoyang Wang, Carina Mallard, Henrik Hagberg
BACKGROUND: Brain injury in preterm infants represents a substantial clinical problem associated with development of motor impairment, cognitive deficits and psychiatric problems. According to clinical studies, magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) given to women in preterm labor reduces the risk of cerebral palsy in the offspring but the mechanisms behind its neuroprotective effects are still unclear. Our aim was to explore whether MgSO4 induces tolerance (preconditioning) in the preterm rodent brain...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343146/induction-of-labor-in-cases-of-late-preterm-isolated-oligohydramnios-is-it-justified
#18
Noa A Brzezinski-Sinai, Moshe Stavsky, Tal Rafaeli-Yehudai, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Isaac Brzezinski-Sinai, Majdi Imterat, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVES: To analyze in a retrospective cohort study the outcomes of pregnancies with isolated oligohydramnios at the late preterm period (34-36.6 weeks of gestation). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included three groups of women: 1) Women with isolated oligohydramnios whose pregnancy was managed conservatively (n = 33 births); 2) women with isolated oligohydramnios who were managed actively (ie induction of labor) (n = 111 births); and 3) a control group including women with normal amount of amniotic fluid who had a spontaneous late preterm delivery (n = 10 445 births)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339041/factors-influencing-women-s-perceptions-of-shared-decision-making-during-labor-and-delivery-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort-study-of-first-childbirth
#19
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVE: To examine correlates of shared decision making during labor and delivery. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of women who gave birth to their first baby in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011 (N = 3006). We used logistic regression models to examine the association between labor induction and mode of delivery in relation to women's perceptions of shared decision making, and to investigate race/ethnicity and SES as potential moderators. RESULTS: Women who were Black and who did not have a college degree or private insurance were less likely to report high shared decision making, as well as women who underwent labor induction, instrumental vaginal or cesarean delivery...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334294/comments-on-manuscript-early-amniotomy-after-dinoprostone-insert-used-for-the-induction-of-labor
#20
Ahmed M Abbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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