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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221498/influence-of-community-based-education-on-undergraduate-health-professions-students-decision-to-work-in-underserved-areas-in-uganda
#1
Samuel Kizito, Rhona Baingana, Kintu Mugagga, Peter Akera, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Uganda is beset by a shortage of health workers and the few available are mal-distributed. Providing rural exposure through community-based education could positively influence students' perspectives towards work in rural areas. We aimed to assess the impact of Community-Based Education and Research (COBERS) on health professions students' attitudes towards working in rural areas. This was a before-and-after study among 525 students of 4 medical universities in Uganda. Data was collected using self-administered paper-based questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218359/-significance-of-the-doctorate-in-scientific-medical-education
#2
Matthias Frosch
According to European and German law, the medical education of physicians must take place in a scientific degree program at a university or under the supervision of a university. To keep up the ideal of a scientific degree program, various organizations and associations, such as the German Research Foundation, the German Council of Science and Humanities and the German Medical Faculty Association, see the need for an even stronger anchoring of academic learning content in the course of study. Traditionally, a scientific project, which is carried out during the studies, provides the basis for the Doctor of Medicine (Dr...
December 7, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216896/what-will-it-take-pathways-time-and-funding-australian-medical-students-perspective-on-clinician-scientist-training
#3
Diann S Eley, Charmaine Jensen, Ranjeny Thomas, Helen Benham
BACKGROUND: Clinician-scientists are in decline worldwide. They represent a unique niche in medicine by bridging the gap between scientific discovery and patient care. A national, integrated approach to training clinician-scientists, typically programs that comprise a comprehensive MD-PhD pathway, are customary. Such a pathway is lacking in Australia. The objective was to gather perceptions from Australian medical students on factors they perceive would influence their decision to pursue clinician-scientist training...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216609/what-kinds-of-factors-affect-the-academic-outcomes-of-university-students-with-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-study-based-on-medical-records
#4
Terumi Ishii, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Yuki Shiratori, Takafumi Hori, Miyuki Aiba, Keisuke Kuga, Tetsuaki Arai
AIMS: University students that suffer from mental disorders seem to have difficulty graduating. Therefore, we investigated risk and protective factors of dropping out with the aim of improving such students' academic outcomes. METHODS: First, we statistically compared the academic outcomes of 203 undergraduate students who received treatment in the Department of Psychiatry of the Tsukuba University Health Center to those of matched controls. Second, clinical factors of 370 mentally ill students were statistically compared between the dropout and graduate groups...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212589/time-to-establish-comprehensive-long-term-monitoring-of-australian-medical-graduates
#5
Christine Jorm, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq
We believe that the well being of our medical students (and medical staff throughout the continuum of practice) matters too much not to ask, 'How do they feel?' Society, and students themselves, have invested too much in their education not to query 'How well are they performing in the workplace?'. Our accountability to the community demands we ask, 'How are their patients going?' This article presents a schema for building long-term monitoring in Australia, using linked and reliable data, that will enable these questions to be answered...
December 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210943/survey-of-the-american-neurotology-society-on-cochlear-implantation-part-2-surgical-and-device-related-practice-patterns
#6
Matthew L Carlson, Brendan P O'Connell, Christine M Lohse, Colin L Driscoll, Alex D Sweeney
OBJECTIVE: To examine surgical and device-related cochlear implant practice patterns across centers in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of the American Neurotology Society (ANS). RESULTS: A total of 81 surveys were returned from ANS members who report regular involvement in cochlear implant care. Overall there was a broad distribution in age and clinical experience, with most respondents reporting Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accreditation in neurotology and employment at an academic center...
November 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210927/pediatric-critical-care-medicine-training-2004-2016
#7
Meredith G van der Velden, Megan K Barrett, Gretchen A Sampadian, Richard J Brilli, Jeffrey P Burns
OBJECTIVES: To describe growth trends in the number of programs, positions, and applicants in pediatric critical care medicine fellowship training as part of the Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Training Study. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTINGS: Available archived Match data through the National Resident Matching Program and training data from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. PATIENTS: None...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210592/the-recent-pathology-residency-graduate-job-search-experience-a-synthesis-of-5-years-of-college-of-american-pathologists-job-market-surveys
#8
Dita Gratzinger, Kristen A Johnson, Mark D Brissette, David Cohen, Amyn M Rojiani, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cindy B McCloskey, Cory A Roberts, Ronald E Domen, Michael L Talbert, Suzanne Z Powell
CONTEXT: - Pathology residents and fellows tailor their training and job search strategies to an actively evolving specialty in the setting of scientific and technical advances and simultaneous changes in health care economics. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the experience and outcome of the job search process of pathologists searching for their first non-fellowship position. DESIGN: - The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Graduate Medical Education Committee has during the past 5 years sent an annual job search survey each June to CAP junior members and fellows in practice 3 years or less who have actively searched for a non-fellowship position...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206705/institution-of-just-culture-physician-peer-review-in-an-academic-medical-center
#9
Judith K Volkar, Paul Phrampus, Dennis English, Ronald Johnson, Ashley Medeiros, Mark Zacharia, Richard Beigi
OBJECTIVES: For academic medical centers to improve quality outcomes, identification and optimization of opportunities for improvement are necessary. Effective clinical peer review frequently has limitations on timeliness, transparency, and consideration of system processes related to untoward clinical outcomes. We developed a process to overcome these barriers and capture opportunities for process improvement identified within the clinical peer review system. METHODS: A multidisciplinary committee was formed to evaluate the current process of physician peer review at Magee Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205901/dissecting-the-role-of-sessional-anatomy-teachers-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Danielle Rhodes, Quentin A Fogg, Michelle D Lazarus
Worldwide there is a growing reliance on sessional teachers in universities. This has impacted all disciplines in higher education including medical anatomy programs. The objective of this review was to define the role and support needs of sessional anatomy teachers by reporting on the (1) qualifications, (2) teaching role, (3) training, and (4) performance management of this group of educators. A systematic literature search was conducted on the 27 July 2017 in Scopus, Web of Science, and several databases on the Ovid, ProQuest and EBSCOhost platforms...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204501/academic-productivity-among-fellowship-associated-adult-total-joint-reconstruction-surgeons
#11
Adam Z Khan, Benjamin V Kelley, Ankur D Patel, David R McAllister, Natalie L Leong
Background: The Hirsch index (h-index) is a measure that evaluates both research volume and quality-taking into consideration both publications and citations of a single author. No prior work has evaluated academic productivity and contributions to the literature of adult total joint replacement surgeons. This study uses h-index to benchmark the academic impact and identify characteristics associated with productivity of faculty members at joint replacement fellowships. Methods: Adult reconstruction fellowship programs were obtained via the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons website...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203344/child-neurology-residency-program-directors-and-program-coordinators-2016-workforce-survey
#12
Donald L Gilbert, Julie A LaBare, Karen Keough, Terri B Feist
BACKGROUND: Responsibilities of Program Directors' (PDs) and Program Coordinators' (PCs) roles continue to evolve within Graduate Medical Education (GME). METHODS: In 2016, the authors conducted an anonymous electronic survey of Child Neurology and Neurodevelopmental Disabilities PDs (n = 76) and PCs (n = 68) to address workforce characteristics, challenges related to implementing Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements, and institutional support...
November 6, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201422/demographic-analysis-of-a-low-resource-socioculturally-diverse-urban-community-presenting-for-infertility-care-in-a-united-states-public-hospital
#13
Jacqueline R Ho, Jacquelyn R Hoffman, Lusine Aghajanova, James F Smith, Marisela Cardenas, Christopher N Herndon
Background: Infertility is a prevalent disease of reproductive health that exerts an impact on an estimated 80 million people worldwide. For many, involuntary childlessness becomes a central and preoccupying issue in their lives, the impact of which is exacerbated by lack of access to basic care and treatment. These effects maybe further magnified among immigrant communities, a growing but highly marginalized population that has been shown in other areas of reproductive health to experience worse health outcomes and delays in access to care...
2017: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198489/opiate-use-disorders-and-overdose-medical-students-experiences-satisfaction-with-learning-and-attitudes-toward-community-naloxone-provision
#14
H Tobin, J Klimas, T Barry, M Egan, G Bury
INTRODUCTION: Opiate use disorder is a common condition in healthcare services in Ireland, where over 200 opiate overdose deaths occur annually. There is limited addiction medicine education at undergraduate level and medical graduates may not be adequately prepared to diagnose and manage opioid use disorders and emergency drug overdose presentations. Therefore, we examined final-year medical students' learning experiences and attitudes toward opioid use disorder, overdose and community naloxone provision as an emerging overdose treatment...
November 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197310/defining-medical-student-patient-care-responsibilities-before-intern-year-results-of-a-national-survey
#15
Christopher J King, Andrew Bolton, Jeannette Guerrasio, Adam Trosterman
OBJECTIVES: Program directors have noted that first-year residents struggle with many of the patient care responsibilities they assume as they enter the US graduate medical education system. A national description of medical students' patient care experience in advance of graduation has not been published. We sought to describe the experience of US medical students during their clinical training by surveying the student representatives of each school. METHODS: We developed a mixed-methods survey that was delivered to representatives of 82 schools via an e-mail link to an online survey...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197309/objective-structured-clinical-examination-based-teaching-of-the-musculoskeletal-examination
#16
Trishul Siddharthan, Sarita Soares, Hilary H Wang, Stephen R Holt
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal complaints are the most common presenting illnesses in primary care settings, yet physicians often are underprepared to manage such complaints. We sought to create and evaluate an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE)-based musculoskeletal workshop designed to simultaneously educate medical students and internal medicine residents, enlisting volunteer medical students as standardized patients (SPs). METHODS: The setting for the study was the Yale Primary Care Residency Program...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195637/professional-confidence-among-swedish-final-year-midwifery-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Lena Bäck, Bharati Sharma, Annika Karlström, Katarina Tunon, Ingegerd Hildingsson
OBJECTIVE: Previous international studies have shown that midwifery students do not feel confident in many areas where they are supposed to practice independently. The knowledge about Swedish midwifery students' confidence is fairly under investigated. The purpose of the present study was to explore final years' midwifery students' professional confidence in basic midwifery skills according to ICM competencies and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey where all midwifery programs in Sweden were invited to participate...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192303/association-between-ophthalmologist-age-and-unsolicited-patient-complaints
#18
Cherie A Fathy, James W Pichert, Henry Domenico, Sahar Kohanim, Paul Sternberg, William O Cooper
Importance: Understanding the distribution of patient complaints by physician age may provide insight into common patient concerns characteristic of early, middle, and late stages of careers in ophthalmology. Most previous studies of patient dissatisfaction have not addressed the association with physician age or controlled for other characteristics (eg, practice setting, subspecialty) that may contribute to the likelihood of patient complaints, unsafe care, and lawsuits. Objective: To assess the association between ophthalmologist age and the likelihood of generating unsolicited patient complaints (UPCs) among a cohort of ophthalmologists...
November 30, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190403/family-medicine-didactics-revisited
#19
Dennis J Butler, Joseph Brocato, Mark Yeazel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: All family medicine programs are required to provide specialty-specific didactic conferences for residents. Since a baseline study of family medicine didactic formats was published in 2000, training requirements have changed, core content has evolved, and new teaching strategies have been recommended. The present study examines the characteristics of current family medicine didactics, compares current and past conference format data, and identifies factors affecting content selection...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190402/resident-and-residency-characteristics-associated-with-self-reported-preparedness-for-population-health-management
#20
Erica K Schuster, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Population health management (PHM) is an important function of primary care with potential to improve outcomes and decrease costs, but is also among the most difficult strategies to implement in both practices and residency training. Our objective was to determine resident and residency program characteristics associated with graduates' reported preparation to perform PHM. METHODS: We used data from the American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) Certification Examination registration questionnaire in 2014 and 2015 and ABFM administrative data...
November 2017: Family Medicine
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