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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#1
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087958/the-teaching-of-trauma-management-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#2
S K Lum, T Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The teaching of trauma in medical schools faces many educational and logistic challenges. Issues on what to teach, how to teach, when to teach, who will teach and whether medical students with insufficient exposure to clinical medicine can benefit from a trauma course are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-designed one day intensive trauma course concentrating on the primary survey was taught to semester seven and semester eight students by a multi-disciplinary team comprising of surgeons, anaesthetists, emergency physicians and trained medical officers...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#3
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079728/surveying-resident-and-faculty-physician-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-in-response-to-public-lead-contamination
#4
D Kay Taylor, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Nicolas Lecea, Ranine Ghamrawi, Ghassan Bachuwa, Jenny LaChance, Mona Hanna-Attisha
Environmental health crises can appear anywhere and without warning. After research revealed a significant incidence of elevated pediatric blood lead levels following a water source change, Genesee County declared a public health emergency in Flint, Michigan. Hospital patients and family members began approaching Hurley Medical Center's physicians with questions regarding the health implications of the lead contamination. Many of the physicians voiced concerns about responding appropriately to patient needs and increasing demands for information...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078169/a-survey-of-energy-drink-consumption-patterns-among-college-students-at-a-mostly-hispanic-university
#5
Ernesto Cabezas-Bou, Jeidiel De León-Arbucias, Nikol Matos-Vergara, Yocasta Álvarez-Bagnarol, Jesús Ortega-Guzmán, Karla Narváez-Pérez, Nelson D Cruz-Bermúdez, Manuel Díaz-Ríos
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#6
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074495/comparison-of-medicaid-payments-relative-to-medicare-using-inpatient-acute-care-claims-from-the-medicaid-program-fiscal-year-2010-fiscal-year-2011
#7
Devin A Stone, Bridget A Dickensheets, John A Poisal
OBJECTIVE: To compare Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) inpatient hospital payments to expected Medicare payments. DATA SOURCES: Medicaid and Medicare claims data, Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and inpatient prospective payment system pricer (IPPS pricer). STUDY DESIGN: Medicaid FFS inpatient hospital claims were run through Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and IPPS pricer to compare Medicaid's actual payment against what Medicare would have paid for the same claim...
January 10, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072897/building-on-success
#8
Amy Lynn Sorrel
Undaunted by what could be a challenging 2017 Texas legislative session, TMA is poised to build on significant successes medicine achieved over the past two legislative sessions, including reforming the state's Medicaid program and expanding graduate medical education opportunities. TMA will defend the patient-physician relationship against a backdrop of some potentially big shifts for Texas, such as a major review of the state's health professions licensing boards.
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068793/utilization-of-preventive-dental-services-before-and-after-health-insurance-covered-dental-scaling-in-korea
#9
Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
Health insurance reduces the economic burden of diseases and enhances access to medical services. This study compared, among social classes, the utilization of preventive dental service before and after health insurance covered dental scaling. We analyzed time-series secondary data for 3  175  584 participants from 253 survey areas nationwide in the Community Health Survey (2009-2014) in Korea. The weighted proportion of participants who underwent dental scaling was defined as the scaling rate. Data regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064514/statistics-myth-busters
#10
Simon W Lam, Seth R Bauer, Wei Yang, Todd A Miano
Proficiency in research design and statistical analysis is crucial to the success of a clinical pharmacist. However, new pharmacy graduates and residents may not have received adequate training and education in these areas. During the authors' tenure as clinical pharmacists, several statistical "myths" were consistently maintained by residents and new clinical practitioners. The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss and dispel several of these statistical fallacies. The myths discussed involve 3 common areas of consideration when evaluating any clinical study: assessing the risk of bias from confounding (propensity score analysis and multivariable modeling), interpretation of the main study findings ( P values and hypothesis testing), and secondary evaluations (subgroup analyses)...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064391/survey-of-family-history-taking-and-genetic-testing-in-pediatric-practice
#11
Robert A Saul, Tracy Trotter, Kerry Sease, Beth Tarini
Family health history collection and genetic testing are core elements for the successful translation of genomics into primary care practice. Yet, little is known about how pediatric providers implement these elements in practice. We surveyed the membership of the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding family health history (FHH) collection and genetic testing in the primary care setting. Three hundred forty-nine (349) responses were analyzed with the initial response rate of 43.3%. Four principal findings were noted-(1) family health history is still recognized as a critical part of the medical evaluation; (2) perceived obstacles for FHH are time in obtaining the FHH and concerns about the family's knowledge of their FHH; (3) a 3-generation family history is out of the scope of routine care and alternate methods should be considered; (4) most primary care providers (PCPs) do not feel comfortable ordering, interpreting, and counseling regarding current genetic testing...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056975/impact-of-medical-student-origins-on-the-likelihood-of-ultimately-practicing-in-areas-of-low-vs-high-socio-economic-status
#13
Ian B Puddey, Denese E Playford, Annette Mercer
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools are in general over-represented by students from high socio-economic status backgrounds. The University of Western Australia Medical School has been progressively widening the participation of students from a broader spectrum of the community both through expanded selection criteria and quota-based approaches for students of rural, indigenous and other socio-educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. We proposed that medical students entering medical school from such backgrounds would ultimately be more likely to practice in areas of increased socio-economic disadvantage...
January 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056512/palliative-care-exposure-in-internal-medicine-residency-education
#14
Asher Edwards, Samuel Nam
As the baby boomer generation ages, the need for palliative care services will be paramount and yet training for palliative care physicians is currently inadequate to meet the current palliative care needs. Nonspecialty-trained physicians will need to supplement the gap between supply and demand. Yet, no uniform guidelines exist for the training of internal medicine residents in palliative care. To our knowledge, no systematic study has been performed to evaluate how internal medicine residencies currently integrate palliative care into their training...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055086/keeping-osteopathic-medicine-osteopathic-in-a-single-accreditation-system-for-graduate-medical-education
#15
Martin S Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051967/introducing-a-novel-applicant-ranking-tool-to-predict-future-resident-performance-a-pilot-study
#16
Sarah N Bowe, Erik K Weitzel, William N Hannah, Brian M Fitzgerald, Gregory P Kraus, Christopher J Nagy, Stephen A Harrison
The purposes of this study are to (1) introduce our novel Applicant Ranking Tool that aligns with the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies and (2) share our preliminary results comparing applicant rank to current performance. After a thorough literature review and multiple roundtable discussions, an Applicant Ranking Tool was created. Feasibility, satisfaction, and critiques were discussed via open feedback session. Inter-rater reliability was assessed using weighted kappa statistic (κ) and Kendall coefficient of concordance (W)...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049674/dental-students-knowledge-of-resources-for-lgbt-persons-findings-from-three-dental-schools
#17
Xiaoying Feng, Leda Mugayar, Edna Perez, Pamela R Nagasawa, David G Brown, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
Recently, there has been increased attention to including cultural diversity in the education of health professionals, including concern for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) inclusion and visibility. Studies regarding cultural exposure and acceptance of LGBT populations have been concentrated in medicine, with findings showing that medical providers often graduate having missed the preparation required to care for LGBT persons. A visible, comprehensive, culturally competent environment in dental schools would help ensure that all oral health professionals and students are aware of services available to address the particular needs of LGBT students...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048677/mo-fg-206-02-implementation-and-analysis-of-observer-studies-in-medical-physics
#18
W Sensakovic
: Physicists are often expected to have a solid grounding in experimental design and statistical analysis, sometimes filling in when biostatisticians or other experts are not available for consultation. Unfortunately, graduate education on these topics is seldom emphasized and few opportunities for continuing education exist. Clinical physicists incorporate new technology and methods into their practice based on published literature. A poor understanding of experimental design and analysis could result in inappropriate use of new techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048548/su-a-brc-02-the-path-of-a-chief-of-medical-physics
#19
D Shepard
: This year's Annual Student Meeting consists of a panel of professionals who have pursued a traditional education in medical physics and have since pursued a variety of careers. These range from chief medical physicist, small business founder, FDA scientist, industry R&D scientist, and academic researcher. Each panelist will discuss their education, positions that they have held leading to their current one, and factors that influenced them to pursue their careers. Time will be left at the end of the talk to open the floor for questions from students and trainees...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048456/su-a-bra-04-incorporating-active-learning-into-medical-physics-education
#20
J Burmeister
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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