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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051721/a-comparison-of-medical-education-in-germany-and-the-united-states-from-applying-to-medical-school-to-the-beginnings-of-residency
#1
REVIEW
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jonas G Noé, Bernd Gansbacher
Both Germany and the United States of America have a long tradition of science and medical excellence reaching back as far as the nineteenth century. The same tribute must be paid to the medical educational system in both countries. Despite significant initial similarities and cross-inspiration, the paths from enrolling in a medical university to graduating as a medical doctor in Germany and the US seem to have become much different. To fill a void in literature, the authors' objective therefore is to delineate both structures of medical education in an up-to-date review and examine their current differences and similarities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051202/health-care-economics-a-study-guide-for-neuroradiology-fellows-part-2
#2
REVIEW
S L Weiner, R Tu, R Javan, M R Taheri
In this second article, we continue the review of current health care economics as it relates to radiologists, specifically framed by topics defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in the evaluation of neuroradiology fellows. The discussion in this article is focused on topics pertaining to levels 4 and 5, which are the more advanced levels of competency defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Neuroradiology Milestones on Health Care Economics and System Based Practice...
October 19, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049674/collaboration-between-acgme-and-aoa-programs-to-enhance-success-in-the-single-accreditation-system-a-process-paper
#3
Amanda K H Weidner, Judith Pauwels, Marcia McGuire, Ardis Davis
Beginning in 2020, all residency programs will be accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Programs accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) that do not achieve ACGME pre-accreditation status by 2020 will be forced to close, resulting in loss of graduate medical education slots and affecting the physician workforce locally and nationally. Current ACGME programs are in a position to help consult, support, and learn from local AOA-only programs as they work toward meeting ACGME accreditation requirements, but to date there have been only limited collaborations...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049076/fatigue-risk-management-the-impact-of-anesthesiology-residents-work-schedules-on-job-performance-and-a-review-of-potential-countermeasures
#4
Lily R Wong, Erin Flynn-Evans, Keith J Ruskin
Long duty periods and overnight call shifts impair physicians' performance on measures of vigilance, psychomotor functioning, alertness, and mood. Anesthesiology residents typically work between 64 and 70 hours per week and are often required to work 24 hours or overnight shifts, sometimes taking call every third night. Mitigating the effects of sleep loss, circadian misalignment, and sleep inertia requires an understanding of the relationship among work schedules, fatigue, and job performance. This article reviews the current Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education guidelines for resident duty hours, examines how anesthesiologists' work schedules can affect job performance, and discusses the ramifications of overnight and prolonged duty hours on patient safety and resident well-being...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045985/entry-of-medical-school-graduates-into-family-medicine-residencies-2016-2017
#5
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Julie P Marcinek, Ashley Bentley, Gerald T Fetter
This annual report is an expansion on previous reports in this series that provides further evidence that the current medical school system is failing, collectively, to produce the primary care workforce that is needed to achieve optimal health in the United States. Inclusion of data on the performance of DO-granting and international medical schools, creates a more complete and complex picture of the contribution of all medical school types to the primary care workforce that should allow stakeholders to set goals, identify institutions with models from which to learn, and develop strategies for continuous improvement...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045984/results-of-the-2017-national-resident-matching-program%C3%A2-and-the-american-osteopathic-association-intern-resident-registration-program
#6
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Julie P Marcinek, Ashley Bentley, Gerald T Fetter
The purpose of medicine as a profession is to meet the health needs of people and communities. Despite empirical evidence worldwide that an appropriate foundation of primary care in a health care system leads to improved health outcomes, improved experience of health care, a reduction in health disparities, and lower overall cost of care, publicly available data from National Resident Matching Program® (NRMP) and the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Intern/Resident Registration Program show that PGY-1 family medicine and primary care positions offered in the NRMP Match continue to grow, but are losing ground in comparison to the growth of non-primary care specialties...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045273/oneflorida-clinical-research-consortium-linking-a-clinical-and-translational-science-institute-with-a-community-based-distributive-medical-education-model
#7
Elizabeth Shenkman, Myra Hurt, William Hogan, Olveen Carrasquillo, Steven Smith, Andrew Brickman, David Nelson
PROBLEM: Developing a national pragmatic clinical trial infrastructure is central to understanding the effectiveness of interventions applied under usual conditions and where people receive health care. To address this challenge, three Florida universities- the University of Florida Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Florida State University (with its community-based distributive medical education model), and the University of Miami-created (2010-2013) a statewide consortium, the OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium, to support the conduct of pragmatic clinical trials and provide mentored research experiences for medical and graduate students in real-world practice settings...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043542/undergraduate-basic-surgical-skills-education-impact-on-attitudes-to-a-career-in-surgery-and-surgical-skills-acquisition
#8
P F McAnena, N O'Halloran, B M Moloney, D Courtney, R M Waldron, G Flaherty, M J Kerin
INTRODUCTION: Basic surgical skills modules in medical education are effective in teaching skills and increasing confidence among students approaching surgery. However, these modules are not delivered universally and their effect on the professional development of graduates has not been established. We aimed to assess the impact of a 10-week basic surgical skills module on attitudes and technical skills of first year medical students compared to interns. METHODS: Eighteen students participated and were assessed using a 4-part questionnaire...
October 17, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042343/systems-based-training-in-graduate-medical-education-for-service-learning-in-the-state-legislature-in-the-united-states-pilot-study
#9
Shikhar H Shah, Maureen D Clark, Kimberly Hu, Jalene A Shoener, Joshua Fogel, William C Kling, James Ronayne
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of advocacy training in graduate medical education in the United States. To address this void, the Legislative Education and Advocacy Development (LEAD) course was developed as an interprofessional experience, partnering a cohort of pediatrics residents, fourth-year medical students, and public health students to be trained in evidence-informed health policy making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the usefulness and acceptability of a service-based legislative advocacy course...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038829/the-brain-drain-myth-retention-of-specialist-surgical-graduates-in-east-central-and-southern-africa-1974-2013
#10
Avril Hutch, Abebe Bekele, Eric O'Flynn, Andrew Ndonga, Sean Tierney, Jane Fualal, Christopher Samkange, Krikor Erzingatsian
BACKGROUND: This study assesses the retention of specialist surgical graduates from training programmes across eight countries in East, Central and Southern Africa from 1974 to 2013. It addresses the gap in existing data by analysing retention rates of surgical graduates by comparing graduating institution to current location. Data were assessed by country, region, specialty and gender with a view to informing national and regional healthcare and education strategies. METHODS: Twenty-five institutions train surgeons in the ten countries covered by the College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern Africa (COSECSA)-24 Universities and the College itself...
October 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037823/the-development-of-a-novel-perfused-cadaver-model-with-dynamic-vital-sign-regulation-and-real-world-scenarios-to-teach-surgical-skills-and-error-management
#11
Michael Minneti, Craig J Baker, Maura E Sullivan
The landscape of graduate medical education has changed dramatically over the past decade and the traditional apprenticeship model has undergone scrutiny and modifications. The mandate of the 80-hour work-week, the introduction of integrated residency programs, increased global awareness about patient safety along with financial constraints have spurred changes in graduate educational practices. In addition, new technologies, more complex procedures, and a host of external constraints have changed where and how we teach technical and procedural skills...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035872/a-review-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-training-in-medical-education
#12
REVIEW
Sarah L Silverberg, Vanessa E Zannella, Drew Countryman, Ana Patricia Ayala, Erica Lenton, Farah Friesen, Marcus Law
Objectives: We reviewed the published literature on antimicrobial stewardship training in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education to determine which interventions have been implemented, the extent to which they have been evaluated, and to understand which are most effective. Methods: We searched Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to December 2016. Four thousand three hundred eighty-five (4385) articles were identified and underwent title and abstract review...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032356/cell-scientist-to-watch-mahak-sharma
#13
(no author information available yet)
Mahak Sharma graduated with a bachelor's degree in biotechnology from the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi, India. She then moved to the laboratory of Steve Caplan at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, USA, where she received her PhD in 2009. After post-doctoral research with Michael Brenner at the Department of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy at Harvard Medical School, she returned to India in 2011 as an Assistant Professor at the Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research (IISER) in Mohali...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031521/surgical-thoracic-transplant-training-super-fellowship-is-it-super
#14
George Makdisi, Tony Makdisi, Christiano C Caldeira, I-Wen Wang
OBJECTIVE: The quality of training provided to thoracic transplant fellows is a critical step in the care of complex patients undergoing transplant. The training varies since it is not an accreditation council for graduate medical education accredited fellowship. METHOD: A total of 104 heart or lung transplant program directors throughout the United States were sent a survey of 24 questions focusing on key aspects of training, fellowship training content and thoracic transplant job satisfaction...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026450/incorporating-child-maltreatment-training-into-medical-school-curricula
#15
Heather L Pelletier, Michele Knox
The Child Advocacy Studies Training (CAST) program has been implemented at the graduate and undergraduate levels, but has not been incorporated in medical school training. This study examines the efficacy of a modified version of the CAST program that is tailored to meet the educational needs of medical students. A total sample of 75 first year medical students (57 at 6 month follow-up) participated in the study and completed analogue vignettes depicting cases of maltreatment. It was hypothesized that, relative to the comparison group, students who completed CAST training would demonstrate better accuracy at identifying and reporting maltreatment...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025807/examination-outcomes-and-work-locations-of-international-medical-graduate-family-medicine-residents-in-canada
#16
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVE: To describe the postgraduate medical education (PGME) examination outcomes and work locations of international medical graduates (IMGs); and to identify differences between Canadians studying abroad (CSAs) and non-CSAs. DESIGN: Cohort study using data from the National IMG Database and Scott's Medical Database. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All IMGs who had first entered a family medicine residency program between 2005 and 2009, with the exclusion of US graduates, visa trainees, and fellowship trainees...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025720/health-care-economics-a-study-guide-for-neuroradiology-fellows-part-1
#17
REVIEW
S L Weiner, R Tu, R Javan, M R Taheri
Few resources are available in the medical literature for a comprehensive review of current health care economics as it relates to radiologists, specifically framed by topics defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in the evaluation of neuroradiology fellows. Therefore, we present a comprehensive review article as a study guide for fellows to learn from and gain competence in the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education neuroradiology milestones on health care economics...
October 12, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025363/identification-of-core-objectives-for-teaching-sustainable-healthcare-education
#18
Arianne Teherani, Holly Nishimura, Latifat Apatira, Thomas Newman, Susan Ryan
BACKGROUND: Physicians will be called upon to care for patients who bear the burden of disease from the impact of climate change and ecologically irresponsible practices which harm ecosystems and contribute to climate change. However, physicians must recognize the connection between the climate, ecosystems, sustainability, and health and their responsibility and capacity in changing the status quo. Sustainable healthcare education (SHE), defined as education about the impact of climate change and ecosystem alterations on health and the impact of the healthcare industry on the aforementioned, is vital to prevention of adverse health outcomes due to the changing climate and environment...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024755/performance-of-pediatric-rehabilitation-medicine-candidates-on-the-subspecialty-board-certification-examination-from-2003-2015
#19
Sherilyn W Driscoll, Teresa L Massagli, Mary A McMahon, Mikaela M Raddatz, David W Pruitt, Kevin P Murphy
BACKGROUND: Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians enter the field via several pathways. It is unknown if different training pathways impact performance on the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) PRM Examination and Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Examination. OBJECTIVES: To describe the exam performance of candidates on the ABPMR PRM Examination according to their type of training (physiatrists with a clinical PRM focus, accredited or unaccredited fellowship training, separate pediatric and PM&R residencies or combined Peds/PM&R residencies) and to compare candidates' performance on the PRM Examination with their initial ABPMR certification and MOC Examinations...
October 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023245/education-in-pediatrics-across-the-continuum-epac-first-steps-toward-realizing-the-dream-of-competency-based-education
#20
John S Andrews, James F Bale, Jennifer B Soep, Michele Long, Carol Carraccio, Robert Englander, Deborah Powell
The Education in Pediatrics Across the Continuum (EPAC) Study Group is developing the first competency-based, time-variable progression from undergraduate medical education (UME) to graduate medical education (GME) in the history of medical education in the United States. EPAC, an innovation project sponsored by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and supported by the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, was developed through a collaboration between 5 medical schools and multiple professional organizations with an interest in undergraduate and graduate medical education...
October 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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