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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317189/the-association-of-health-literacy-with-illness-perceptions-medication-beliefs-and-medication-adherence-among-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Elizabeth Unni, Yen-Ming Huang, Cameron Lanier
BACKGROUND: Beliefs in medications and illness perceptions is associated with medication adherence among individuals with diabetes and several adherence interventions focus on patients' beliefs in medicines and illnesses. Though health literacy is important in medication adherence, the relationship between health literacy and medication adherence remains inconclusive; thus raising the question as to whether health literacy has an amplifying or reducing effect on the relationship between beliefs and adherence...
December 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301911/neonatal-morbidity-at-term-early-child-development-and-school-performance-a-population-study
#2
Jason P Bentley, Francisco J Schneuer, Samantha J Lain, Andrew J Martin, Adrienne Gordon, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the association between severe neonatal morbidity (SNM) and child development and school performance among term infants. METHODS: The study population included term infants without major congenital conditions born between 2000 and 2007 in New South Wales, Australia, with a linked record of developmental assessment at ages 4 to 6 years in 2009 or 2012 (n = 144 535) or school performance at ages 7 to 9 years from 2009 to 2014 (n = 253 447)...
January 4, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246567/the-nutrition-literacy-assessment-instrument-is-a-valid-and-reliable-measure-of-nutrition-literacy-in-adults-with-chronic-disease
#3
Heather D Gibbs, Edward F Ellerbeck, Byron Gajewski, Chuanwu Zhang, Debra K Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability and validity of the Nutrition Literacy Assessment Instrument (NLit) in adult primary care and identify the relationship between nutrition literacy and diet quality. DESIGN: This instrument validation study included a cross-sectional sample participating in up to 2 visits 1 month apart. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 429 adults with nutrition-related chronic disease were recruited from clinics and a patient registry affiliated with a Midwestern university medical center...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237744/change-in-cognitive-function-in-the-month-after-hospitalization-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-findings-from-trace-core-transition-risks-and-actions-in-coronary-events-center-for-outcomes-research-and-education
#4
Jane S Saczynski, David D McManus, Molly E Waring, Darleen Lessard, Milena D Anatchkova, Jerry H Gurwitz, Jeroan Allison, Arlene S Ash, Richard H McManus, David C Parish, Robert J Goldberg, Catarina I Kiefe
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function is often impaired during hospitalization, but whether this impairment resolves or persists after discharge is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled (April 2011-May 2013) and interviewed during hospitalization and 1-month post-discharge 1521 nondemented acute coronary syndrome survivors enrolled in TRACE (Transitions, Risks and Actions in Coronary Events). Cognitive function was assessed using the Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status (range: 0-41) at both time points...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236073/reduced-educational-outcomes-persist-into-adolescence-following-mild-iodine-deficiency-in-utero-despite-adequacy-in-childhood-15-year-follow-up-of-the-gestational-iodine-cohort-investigating-auditory-processing-speed-and-working-memory
#5
Kristen L Hynes, Petr Otahal, John R Burgess, Wendy H Oddy, Ian Hay
There is increasing evidence that even mild gestational iodine deficiency (GID) results in adverse neurocognitive impacts on offspring. It's unclear, however, if these persist long-term and whether they can be ameliorated by iodine sufficiency in childhood. We followed a unique cohort (Gestational Iodine Cohort, n = 266) where gestation occurred during a period of mild population iodine deficiency, with children subsequently growing-up in an iodine replete environment. We investigated whether associations between mild GID and reductions in literacy outcomes, observed at age 9-years, persisted into adolescence...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229462/regular-physical-activity-and-educational-outcomes-in-youth-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Katherine B Owen, Philip D Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to determine whether longitudinal changes in accelerometer-assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were associated with changes in educational outcomes (i.e., academic performance and mathematics engagement) and to examine whether the association was nonlinear. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected from 2,194 Australian adolescents (mean age = 13.40 years, standard deviation = .73) at two time points (Term 1, 2014, and Term 2, 2015)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226458/communicating-risk-in-dementia-care-survey-of-health-and-social-care-professionals
#7
Brian J Taylor, Mabel Stevenson, Michelle McDowell
Supporting people to live at home in line with community care policies requires increasing attention to assessing, communicating and managing risks. There is a challenge in supporting client choices that include risk-taking while demonstrating professional accountability. Risk communication becomes increasingly important with the need to engage clients and families in meaningful shared decision-making. This presents particular challenges in dementia services. This survey of risk communication in dementia care was administered to all health and social care professionals in community dementia services in Northern Ireland: June-September 2016...
December 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226437/on-effective-graphic-communication-of-health-inequality-considerations-for-health-policy-researchers
#8
Yukiko Asada, Hannah Abel, Chris Skedgel, Grace Warner
Policy Points: Effective graphs can be a powerful tool in communicating health inequality. The choice of graphs is often based on preferences and familiarity rather than science. According to the literature on graph perception, effective graphs allow human brains to decode visual cues easily. Dot charts are easier to decode than bar charts, and thus they are more effective. Dot charts are a flexible and versatile way to display information about health inequality. Consistent with the health risk communication literature, the captions accompanying health inequality graphs should provide a numerical, explicitly calculated description of health inequality, expressed in absolute and relative terms, from carefully thought-out perspectives...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198206/the-dynamic-inter-relationship-between-obesity-and-school-performance-new-empirical-evidence-from-australia
#9
Son Nghiem, Viet-Ngu Hoang, Xuan-Binh Vu, Clevo Wilson
This paper proposes a new empirical model for examining the relationship between obesity and school performance using the simultaneous equation modelling approach. The lagged effects of both learning and health outcomes were included to capture both the dynamic and inter-relational aspects of the relationship between obesity and school performance. The empirical application of this study used comprehensive data from the first five waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), which commenced in 2004 (wave 1) and was repeated every two years until 2018...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187346/influence-of-early-childhood-burns-on-school-performance-an-australian-population-study
#10
Nadin Azzam, Ju-Lee Oei, Susan Adams, Barbara Bajuk, Lisa Hilder, Abdel-Latif Mohamed, Ian M R Wright, Andrew J A Holland
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of burn injuries on childhood performance in national standardised curriculum-based school tests. DESIGN: Birth and health records of 977 children who were hospitalised with a burn injury between 2000 and 2006 in the state of New South Wales, Australia, were linked to performance scores in the National Assessment Program: Literacy and Numeracy test, a compulsory nationwide curriculum-based test (CBT) and compared with children who were not hospitalised for burns and who were matched for birth year, gender, gestation and socioeconomic status...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167082/disparities-in-health-literacy-and-healthcare-utilization-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-or-end-stage-kidney-disease
#11
Robyn Levine, Karina Javalkar, Meaghan Nazareth, Richard A Faldowski, Maria Diaz-Gonzalez de Ferris, Sarah Cohen, Jessica Cuttance, Stephen R Hooper, Eniko Rak
PURPOSE: Low health literacy adversely affects health outcomes in adults with chronic kidney disease. The current study examined associations between limited/inadequate health literacy and health services utilization among adolescents and young adults (AYA) with chronic or end-stage kidney disease (CKD or ESKD). DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study that enrolled patients from both the pediatric- and adult-focused nephrology clinics of a major university hospital...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162571/classroom-promotion-of-oral-language-cpol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-children-s-literacy-outcomes-at-grade-3-oral-language-and-mental-health
#12
Sharon Goldfeld, Pamela Snow, Patricia Eadie, John Munro, Lisa Gold, Ha N D Le, Francesca Orsini, Beth Shingles, Katherine Lee, Judy Connell, Amy Watts
INTRODUCTION: Oral language and literacy competence are major influences on children's developmental pathways and life success. Children who do not develop the necessary language and literacy skills in the early years of school then go on to face long-term difficulties. Improving teacher effectiveness may be a critical step in lifting oral language and literacy outcomes. The Classroom Promotion of Oral Language trial aims to determine whether a specifically designed teacher professional learning programme focusing on promoting oral language can lead to improved teacher knowledge and practice, and advance outcomes in oral language and literacy for early years school children, compared with usual practice...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157869/adapting-and-validating-a-measure-of-diabetes-specific-self-compassion
#13
M L Tanenbaum, R N Adams, J S Gonzalez, S J Hanes, K K Hood
AIMS: Self-compassion (SC), or treating oneself with kindness when dealing with personal challenges, has not been rigorously examined in people with T1D. SC has been shown to buffer against negative emotions and to be linked to improved health outcomes, but diabetes-specific SC has not been studied. This study aimed to adapt the Self-Compassion Scale and validate it for a diabetes-specific population. METHODS: We developed and validated a diabetes-specific version of the Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003) in a sample of adults with T1D (N=542; 65% female; 97% non-Hispanic White; M age 41, SD=15...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141808/what-should-a-person-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-know-focus-group-and-survey-data-of-a-risk-knowledge-questionnaire-rikno-2-0
#14
C Heesen, J Pöttgen, A C Rahn, K Liethmann, J Kasper, L Vahter, J Drulovic, A Van Nunen, D Wilkie, Y Beckmann, F Paul, S Köpke, A Giordano, A Solari
BACKGROUND: Risk knowledge is relevant to make informed decisions in multiple sclerosis (MS). The risk knowledge questionnaire for relapsing-remitting MS (RIKNO 1.0) was developed and piloted in Germany. OBJECTIVE: To produce a revised RIKNO 2.0 questionnaire using mixed methodology in a European setting. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated in seven languages. MS patient and health professional (HP) expert feedback was obtained from Germany, Italy, Estonia, Serbia, and the UK...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141639/tobacco-use-and-health-insurance-literacy-among-vulnerable-populations-implications-for-health-reform
#15
Robert T Braun, Yaniv Hanoch, Andrew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), millions of Americans have been enrolling in the health insurance marketplaces. Nearly 20% of them are tobacco users. As part of the ACA, tobacco users may face up to 50% higher premiums that are not eligible for tax credits. Tobacco users, along with the uninsured and racial/ethnic minorities targeted by ACA coverage expansions, are among those most likely to suffer from low health literacy - a key ingredient in the ability to understand, compare, choose, and use coverage, referred to as health insurance literacy...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138204/health-literacy-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol-to-assess-the-health-literacy-level-in-a-population-based-sample-and-to-validate-health-literacy-measures-in-the-italian-language
#16
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Maddalena Grazzini, Sarah Mantwill, Virginia Vettori, Vieri Lastrucci, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini, Alessandro Bussotti, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy (HL) concerns the knowledge and competences necessary for people to meet complex health demands. The aims of this study are to assess the level of HL in a sample using the Italian version of the Newest Vital Sign and the association of HL and selected antecedents with health outcomes, and to develop and validate the Italian version of the three Brief Health Literacy Screeners, two subjective numeracy items and the short form and the short-short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#17
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120885/habitual-snoring-at-age-3-years-links-with-parent-rated-remembering-in-daily-life-and-academic-achievement-at-age-7-years
#18
Rebekah Luo, Barbara C Galland, Amelia I Gill, Patrick Dawes, Elizabeth Schaughency
OBJECTIVE: Habitual snoring in school-aged children is well known to link with poorer cognitive functioning and academic performance, but few studies have explored later developmental outcomes related to snoring initiated in early childhood. The aims of this study were to examine whether habitual snoring at age 3 years predicted perceived memory and academic functioning at age 7 years. METHODS: Parents (n = 460) of children aged 7 years 2 ± 5 months completed a community follow-up survey about their perceptions of their child's sleep and health, memory in daily activities, and academic performance relevant to numeracy and literacy skills...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107399/airway-diseases-and-health-literacy-hl-measurement-tools-a-systematic-review-to-inform-respiratory-research-and-practice
#19
REVIEW
Jessica Shum, Iraj Poureslami, Darrin Wiebe, Mary M Doyle-Waters, Laura Nimmon, J Mark FitzGerald
OBJECTIVE: To identify and evaluate asthma/COPD measurement tools that assess any of the five health literacy (HL) domains: (1) access, (2) understand, (3) evaluate, (4) communicate, and (5) use, as well as numeracy. METHODS: MEDLINE/Embase (via Ovid) databases from 1974 to 2016 were searched and complimented by grey literature. Study selection and data extraction were conducted by two reviewers independently. RESULTS: We identified 65 tools including 40 asthma, 22 COPD, and 3 asthma/COPD focused tools...
October 27, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079037/are-patients-willing-to-travel-for-better-ovarian-cancer-care
#20
David I Shalowitz, Esther Nivasch, Robert A Burger, Marilyn M Schapira
OBJECTIVE: Improved outcomes realized by patients treated at high-volume institutions have led to a call for centralization of ovarian cancer care. However, it is unknown whether centralization respects patients' preferences regarding treatment location. This study's objective was to determine how patients balance survival benefit against the burdens of travel to a distant treatment center. METHODS: Patients presenting for evaluation of adnexal masses completed two discrete choice experiments (DCEs) assessing 1) the 5-year survival benefit required to justify 50miles of additional travel, and 2) the additional distance patients would travel for a 6% 5-year survival benefit...
October 24, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
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