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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704410/improving-numeracy-through-values-affirmation-enhances-decision-and-stem-outcomes
#1
Ellen Peters, Brittany Shoots-Reinhard, Mary Kate Tompkins, Dan Schley, Louise Meilleur, Aleksander Sinayev, Martin Tusler, Laura Wagner, Jennifer Crocker
Greater numeracy has been correlated with better health and financial outcomes in past studies, but causal effects in adults are unknown. In a 9-week longitudinal study, undergraduate students, all taking a psychology statistics course, were randomly assigned to a control condition or a values-affirmation manipulation intended to improve numeracy. By the final week in the course, the numeracy intervention (statistics-course enrollment combined with values affirmation) enhanced objective numeracy, subjective numeracy, and two decision-related outcomes (financial literacy and health-related behaviors)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691169/academic-performance-in-primary-school-children-with-common-emotional-and-behavioral-problems
#2
Lisa K Mundy, Louise Canterford, Dawn Tucker, Jordana Bayer, Helena Romaniuk, Susan Sawyer, Petra Lietz, Gerry Redmond, Jenny Proimos, Nicholas Allen, George Patton
BACKGROUND: Many emotional and behavioral problems first emerge in primary school and are the forerunners of mental health problems occurring in adolescence. However, the extent that these problems may be associated with academic failure has been explored less. We aimed to quantify the association between emotional and behavioral problems with academic performance. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 8- to 9-year-olds (N = 1239) were recruited from schools in Australia...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652467/systolic-blood-pressure-and-biochemical-assessment-of-adherence-a-cross-sectional-analysis-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Candace D McNaughton, Nancy J Brown, Russell L Rothman, Dandan Liu, Edmond K Kabagambe, Phillip D Levy, Wesley H Self, Alan B Storrow, Sean P Collins, Christianne L Roumie
Elevated blood pressure (BP) is common in the emergency department (ED), but the relationship between antihypertensive medication adherence and BP in the ED is unclear. This cross-sectional study tested the hypothesis that higher antihypertensive adherence is associated with lower systolic BP (SBP) in the ED among adults with hypertension who sought ED care at an academic hospital from July 2012 to April 2013. Biochemical assessment of antihypertensive adherence was performed using a mass spectrometry blood assay, and the primary outcome was average ED SBP...
June 26, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614954/using-visual-aids-to-enhance-physician-patient-discussions-and-increase-health-literacy
#4
Michelle Pratt, Gordon E Searles
Health literacy refers to the comprehension required to make well-informed decisions regarding one's health. It is a critical component in helping patients to understand how to take their medications appropriately. However, many patients do not possess the comprehension necessary for medication adherence. The result of poor literacy is a higher incidence of misunderstanding medication instructions. Visual aids have the ability to transcend language and numeracy barriers and can therefore improve the effectiveness of communication and broaden target audiences...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595599/designing-persuasive-health-materials-using-processing-fluency-a-literature-review
#5
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masahumi Okada, Mio Kato, Takahiro Kiuchi
BACKGROUND: Health materials to promote health behaviors should be readable and generate favorable evaluations of the message. Processing fluency (the subjective experience of ease with which people process information) has been increasingly studied over the past decade. In this review, we explore effects and instantiations of processing fluency and discuss the implications for designing effective health materials. We searched seven online databases using "processing fluency" as the key word...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541513/improving-health-literacy-through-adult-basic-education-in-australia
#6
Suzanne Morony, Emma Lamph, Danielle Muscat, Don Nutbeam, Haryana M Dhillon, Heather Shepherd, Sian Smith, Aisha Khan, Julie Osborne, Wedyan Meshreky, Karen Luxford, Andrew Hayen, Kirsten J McCaffery
Adults with low literacy are less empowered to take care of their health, have poorer health outcomes and higher healthcare costs. We facilitated partnerships between adult literacy teachers and community health providers to deliver a health literacy training program in adult basic education classrooms. Following course completion we interviewed 19 adult education teachers (15 delivering the health literacy program; 4 delivering standard literacy classes) and four community health providers (CHPs) about their experiences, and analysed transcripts using Framework analysis...
May 25, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537364/psychometric-properties-of-the-english-version-of-the-oral-health-literacy-adults-questionnaire-ohl-aq
#7
P M Flynn, M T John, A Naik, N Kohli, J J VanWormer, K Self
Objective: To test the psychometric properties of the Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire (OHL-AQ) in English. The OHL-AQ was designed to test functional oral health literacy in general populations and was initially validated in Iran. Methods: The instrument was administered to 405 adult subjects (mean age 45 (SD 16) years and 67% female) attending the 2014 Minnesota State Fair. The OHL-AQ is composed of 17 items measuring four conceptual dimensions: reading comprehension, numeracy, listening, and decision-making...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525723/effectiveness-of-a-decision-aid-in-potentially-vulnerable-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-chest-pain-choice-multicenter-randomized-trial
#8
Kristin L Rising, Judd E Hollander, Jason T Schaffer, Jeffrey A Kline, Carlos A Torres, Deborah B Diercks, Russell Jones, Kelly P Owen, Zachary F Meisel, Michel Demers, Annie Leblanc, Nilay D Shah, Jonathan Inselman, Jeph Herrin, Victor M Montori, Erik P Hess
BACKGROUND: We test the hypotheses that use of the Chest Pain Choice (CPC) decision aid (DA) would be similarly effective in potentially vulnerable subgroups but increase knowledge more in patients with higher education and trust in physicians more in patients from racial minority groups. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial in adults with chest pain potentially due to acute coronary syndrome. The trial compared an intervention group engaged in shared decision making (SDM) using CPC to a control group receiving usual care (UC)...
May 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523960/the-health-literacy-dyad-the-contribution-of-future-gps-in-england
#9
Oana R Groene, Jane Wills, Nicola Crichton, Gill Rowlands, Rima R Rudd
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies have primarily focused on the cognitive and social skills of individuals needed to gain access to, understand, and use health information. This area of study is undergoing a paradigm shift with increased attention being paid to the skills of practitioners and an examination of their contribution to the link between literacy and health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the health literacy related competencies of General Practice (GP) trainees who will soon be responsible for the clinical encounter...
May 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520750/awareness-and-trust-of-the-fda-and-cdc-results-from-a-national-sample-of-us-adults-and-adolescents
#10
Sarah D Kowitt, Allison M Schmidt, Anika Hannan, Adam O Goldstein
Trust in government agencies plays a key role in advancing these organizations' agendas, influencing behaviors, and effectively implementing policies. However, few studies have examined the extent to which individuals are aware of and trust the leading United States agencies devoted to protecting the public's health. Using two national samples of adolescents (N = 1,125) and adults (N = 5,014), we examined demographic factors, with a focus on vulnerable groups, as correlates of awareness of and trust in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the federal government...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514977/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-newest-vital-sign-nvs-health-literacy-instrument-in-general-population-and-highly-educated-samples-of-brazilian-adults
#11
Renne Rodrigues, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Alberto Durán González, Marcela Maria Birolim, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: The present work aimed at cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the health literacy assessment tool Newest Vital Sign (NVS) in general population (GP) and highly educated (HE) samples of Brazilian adults. DESIGN: An expert committee reviewed the translation and back-translation processes and the cultural adaptation. The construct validity was analysed with confirmatory factor analysis and via associations with features of the study population. SETTING: The final validation test was performed in two different populations from Londrina, a large town in southern Brazil...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474962/effects-of-anti-versus-pro-vaccine-narratives-on-responses-by-recipients-varying-in-numeracy-a-cross-sectional-survey-based-experiment
#12
Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Annika Wallin, Andrew M Parker, JoNell Strough, Janel Hanmer
BACKGROUND: To inform their health decisions, patients may seek narratives describing other patients' evaluations of their treatment experiences. Narratives can provide anti-treatment or pro-treatment evaluative meaning that low-numerate patients may especially struggle to derive from statistical information. Here, we examined whether anti-vaccine (v. pro-vaccine) narratives had relatively stronger effects on the perceived informativeness and judged vaccination probabilities reported among recipients with lower (v...
April 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472140/validation-of-a-diabetes-numeracy-test-in-arabic
#13
Hussah Alghodaier, Hoda Jradi, Najwa Samantha Mohammad, Amen Bawazir
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes Mellitus in Saudi Arabia is 24%, ranking it among the top ten Worldwide. Diabetes education focuses on self-management and relies on numeracy skills. Poor numeracy may go unrecognized and it is important to have an assessment tool in Arabic to measure such a skill in diabetes care. OBJECTIVES: To validate a 15-item Diabetes Numeracy Test (DNT-15) in the Arabic Language as a tool to assess the numeracy skills of patients with diabetes and to test its properties among Saudi patients with diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468656/interplay-wellbeing-framework-a-collaborative-methodology-bringing-together-stories-and-numbers-to-quantify-aboriginal-cultural-values-in-remote-australia
#14
Sheree Cairney, Tammy Abbott, Stephen Quinn, Jessica Yamaguchi, Byron Wilson, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing has been difficult to understand, measure and strengthen for Aboriginal people in remote Australia. Part of the challenge has been genuinely involving community members and incorporating their values and priorities into assessment and policy. Taking a 'shared space' collaborative approach between remote Aboriginal communities, governments and scientists, we merged Aboriginal knowledge with western science - by bringing together stories and numbers. This research aims to statistically validate the holistic Interplay Wellbeing Framework and Survey that bring together Aboriginal-identified priorities of culture, empowerment and community with government priorities including education, employment and health...
May 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460091/the-impact-of-home-care-nurses-numeracy-and-graph-literacy-on-comprehension-of-visual-display-information-implications-for-dashboard-design
#15
Dawn Dowding, Jacqueline A Merrill, Nicole Onorato, Yolanda Barrón, Robert J Rosati, David Russell
Objective: To explore home care nurses' numeracy and graph literacy and their relationship to comprehension of visualized data. Materials and Methods: A multifactorial experimental design using online survey software. Nurses were recruited from 2 Medicare-certified home health agencies. Numeracy and graph literacy were measured using validated scales. Nurses were randomized to 1 of 4 experimental conditions. Each condition displayed data for 1 of 4 quality indicators, in 1 of 4 different visualized formats (bar graph, line graph, spider graph, table)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411070/development-and-initial-testing-of-the-flow-instrument-a-novel-assessment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men
#16
Kelvin A Moses, Daniel Heslop, Derek M Griffith, Arturo Holmes, Lisa Sherden, Consuelo H Wilkins, Kenneth A Wallston
PURPOSE: To develop a method of assessing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) regardless of literacy/numeracy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We convened focus groups and developed a questionnaire based on four identified domains of urinary function: Frequency, Incontinence (Leakage), Nocturia (Overnight voiding), and Weak stream (FLOW). We pilot tested the novel questionnaire in 64 men and performed quantitative analysis to determine internal consistency. Criterion validity was established via direct comparison to the American Urological Association Symptom Score (AUA-SS) in a larger cohort of 161 men...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363917/funnel-plots-and-choropleth-maps-in-cancer-risk-communication-a-comparison-of-tools-for-disseminating-population-based-incidence-data-to-stakeholders
#17
Walter Mazzucco, Rosanna Cusimano, Maurizio Zarcone, Sergio Mazzola, Francesco Vitale
BACKGROUND: Population-based cancer registries provide epidemiological cancer information, but the indicators are often too complex to be interpreted by local authorities and communities, due to numeracy and literacy limitations. The aim of this paper is to compare the commonly used visual formats to funnel plots to enable local public health authorities and communities to access valid and understandable cancer incidence data obtained at the municipal level. METHODS: A funnel plot representation of standardised incidence ratio (SIR) was generated for the 82 municipalities of the Palermo Province with the 2003-2011 data from the Palermo Province Cancer Registry (Sicily, Italy)...
March 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347856/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-designing-and-evaluating-electronic-medical-record-portal-messages-that-support-patient-self-care
#18
Daniel Morrow, Mark Hasegawa-Johnson, Thomas Huang, William Schuh, Renato Ferreira Leitão Azevedo, Kuangxiao Gu, Yang Zhang, Bidisha Roy, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
We describe a project intended to improve the use of Electronic Medical Record (EMR) patient portal information by older adults with diverse numeracy and literacy abilities, so that portals can better support patient-centered care. Patient portals are intended to bridge patients and providers by ensuring patients have continuous access to their health information and services. However, they are underutilized, especially by older adults with low health literacy, because they often function more as information repositories than as tools to engage patients...
May 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329896/characterizing-literacy-and-cognitive-function-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum
#19
Lynn M Yee, Leslie A Kamel, Zara Quader, Priya V Rajan, Shaneah M Taylor, Rachel O'Conor, Michael S Wolf, Melissa A Simon
Objective The objective of this study was to characterize health literacy and cognitive function in a diverse cohort of pregnant women. Methods Pregnant and postpartum women underwent in-depth assessments of health literacy/numeracy and the cognitive domains of verbal ability, working memory, long-term memory, processing speed, and inductive reasoning. Differences by demographic characteristics and gestational age were assessed using chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression. Results In this cohort of pregnant (N = 77) or postpartum (N = 24) women, 41...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213606/parental-health-literacy-and-outcomes-of-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome
#20
Karlota Borges, Cathryn Sibbald, Neesha Hussain-Shamsy, Jovanka Vasilevska-Ristovska, Tonny Banh, Viral Patel, Josefina Brooke, Monica Piekut, Michele Reddon, Kimberly Aitken-Menezes, Ashley McNaughton, Rachel J Pearl, Valerie Langlois, Seetha Radhakrishnan, Christoph P B Licht, Tino D Piscione, Leo Levin, Damien Noone, Diane Hebert, Rulan S Parekh
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association of parental health literacy with treatment response among children with nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: This was a cohort study of children aged 1-18 with nephrotic syndrome and their parent. Health literacy was measured using the validated Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults assessing reading comprehension and numeracy. Outcomes included initial relapse-free period, frequently relapsing disease, relapse rate, second-line medication use, and complete remission after therapy...
March 2017: Pediatrics
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