keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health numeracy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141808/what-should-a-person-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-know-focus-group-and-survey-data-of-a-risk-knowledge-questionnaire-rikno-2-0
#1
C Heesen, J Pöttgen, A C Rahn, K Liethmann, J Kasper, L Vahter, J Drulovic, A Van Nunen, D Wilkie, Y Beckmann, F Paul, S Köpke, A Giordano, A Solari
BACKGROUND: Risk knowledge is relevant to make informed decisions in multiple sclerosis (MS). The risk knowledge questionnaire for relapsing-remitting MS (RIKNO 1.0) was developed and piloted in Germany. OBJECTIVE: To produce a revised RIKNO 2.0 questionnaire using mixed methodology in a European setting. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated in seven languages. MS patient and health professional (HP) expert feedback was obtained from Germany, Italy, Estonia, Serbia, and the UK...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141639/tobacco-use-and-health-insurance-literacy-among-vulnerable-populations-implications-for-health-reform
#2
Robert T Braun, Yaniv Hanoch, Andrew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), millions of Americans have been enrolling in the health insurance marketplaces. Nearly 20% of them are tobacco users. As part of the ACA, tobacco users may face up to 50% higher premiums that are not eligible for tax credits. Tobacco users, along with the uninsured and racial/ethnic minorities targeted by ACA coverage expansions, are among those most likely to suffer from low health literacy - a key ingredient in the ability to understand, compare, choose, and use coverage, referred to as health insurance literacy...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138204/health-literacy-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol-to-assess-the-health-literacy-level-in-a-population-based-sample-and-to-validate-health-literacy-measures-in-the-italian-language
#3
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Maddalena Grazzini, Sarah Mantwill, Virginia Vettori, Vieri Lastrucci, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini, Alessandro Bussotti, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy (HL) concerns the knowledge and competences necessary for people to meet complex health demands. The aims of this study are to assess the level of HL in a sample using the Italian version of the Newest Vital Sign and the association of HL and selected antecedents with health outcomes, and to develop and validate the Italian version of the three Brief Health Literacy Screeners, two subjective numeracy items and the short form and the short-short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#4
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120885/habitual-snoring-at-age-3-years-links-with-parent-rated-remembering-in-daily-life-and-academic-achievement-at-age-7-years
#5
Rebekah Luo, Barbara C Galland, Amelia I Gill, Patrick Dawes, Elizabeth Schaughency
OBJECTIVE: Habitual snoring in school-aged children is well known to link with poorer cognitive functioning and academic performance, but few studies have explored later developmental outcomes related to snoring initiated in early childhood. The aims of this study were to examine whether habitual snoring at age 3 years predicted perceived memory and academic functioning at age 7 years. METHODS: Parents (n = 460) of children aged 7 years 2 ± 5 months completed a community follow-up survey about their perceptions of their child's sleep and health, memory in daily activities, and academic performance relevant to numeracy and literacy skills...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107399/airway-diseases-and-health-literacy-hl-measurement-tools-a-systematic-review-to-inform-respiratory-research-and-practice
#6
REVIEW
Jessica Shum, Iraj Poureslami, Darrin Wiebe, Mary M Doyle-Waters, Laura Nimmon, J Mark FitzGerald
OBJECTIVE: To identify and evaluate asthma/COPD measurement tools that assess any of the five health literacy (HL) domains: (1) access, (2) understand, (3) evaluate, (4) communicate, and (5) use, as well as numeracy. METHODS: MEDLINE/Embase (via Ovid) databases from 1974 to 2016 were searched and complimented by grey literature. Study selection and data extraction were conducted by two reviewers independently. RESULTS: We identified 65 tools including 40 asthma, 22 COPD, and 3 asthma/COPD focused tools...
October 27, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079037/are-patients-willing-to-travel-for-better-ovarian-cancer-care
#7
David I Shalowitz, Esther Nivasch, Robert A Burger, Marilyn M Schapira
OBJECTIVE: Improved outcomes realized by patients treated at high-volume institutions have led to a call for centralization of ovarian cancer care. However, it is unknown whether centralization respects patients' preferences regarding treatment location. This study's objective was to determine how patients balance survival benefit against the burdens of travel to a distant treatment center. METHODS: Patients presenting for evaluation of adnexal masses completed two discrete choice experiments (DCEs) assessing 1) the 5-year survival benefit required to justify 50miles of additional travel, and 2) the additional distance patients would travel for a 6% 5-year survival benefit...
October 24, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068246/health-professionals-prefer-to-communicate-risk-related-numerical-information-using-1-in-x-ratios
#8
Miroslav Sirota, Marie Juanchich, Dafina Petrova, Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Lukasz Walasek, Sudeep Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that format effects, such as the "1-in-X" effect-whereby "1-in-X" ratios lead to a higher perceived probability than "N-in-N*X" ratios-alter perceptions of medical probabilities. We do not know, however, how prevalent this effect is in practice; i.e., how often health professionals use the "1-in-X" ratio. METHODS: We assembled 4 different sources of evidence, involving experimental work and corpus studies, to examine the use of "1-in-X" and other numerical formats quantifying probability...
October 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065780/health-literacy-and-current-cd4-cell-count-in-a-multiethnic-u-s-sample-of-adults-living-with-hiv-infection
#9
Rheeda L Walker, Judy H Hong, David C Talavera, Marizela Verduzco, Steven Paul Woods
Hispanic and Black adults are disproportionately affected by HIV and experience poorer HIV-related health outcomes relative to non-Hispanic White adults. The current study adopted Sørensen's integrated model to test the hypothesis that lower functional and critical health literacy competencies contribute to poorer HIV-related health and CD4 cell count for Hispanic and Black individuals. Eighty-one non-Hispanic White, Hispanic, and Black HIV seropositive individuals from a large, Southwestern metropolitan area were administered measures of health literacy, including the Expanded Numeracy Scale, Newest Vital Sign, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine, Test of Functional Health Literacy (TOHFLA)-numeracy, and TOHFLA-reading...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029347/childhood-health-and-educational-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-sleep-apnea-a-population-record-linkage-study
#10
Yu Sun Bin, Peter A Cistulli, Christine L Roberts, Jane B Ford
Objectives: Sleep apnea in pregnancy is known to adversely affect birth outcomes. Whether in utero exposure to maternal sleep apnea is associated with long-term childhood consequences is unclear. Methods: Population-based longitudinal study of singleton infants born during 2002 to 2012 was conducted using linked birth, hospital, death, developmental, and educational records from New South Wales, Australia. Maternal sleep apnea during pregnancy was identified from hospital records...
October 5, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#11
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972507/the-state-of-the-science-of-health-literacy-measurement
#12
Tam H Nguyen, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Lauren A McCormack
Advancing health literacy (HL) research requires high-quality HL measures. This chapter provides an overview of the state of the science of HL measurement: where the field started, currently is, and should be going. It is divided into eight key sections looking at (1) the history of HL measurement, (2) the relationship between HL definitions and measurement, (3) the HL conceptual domains most and least frequently measured, (4) the methods used to validate HL measures, (5) the characteristics of the participants in the measurement validation studies, (6) the practical considerations related to administering HL measures, (7) the advantages and disadvantages of using objective versus subjective HL measures, and (8) future directions for HL measurement...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969613/diabetes-prevention-among-american-indians-the-role-of-self-efficacy-risk-perception-numeracy-and-cultural-identity
#13
Vanessa W Simonds, Adam Omidpanah, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: According to the Risk Perception Attitude (RPA) framework, classifying people according to their perceptions of disease risk and their self-efficacy beliefs allows us to predict their likelihood for engaging in preventive behaviors. Health interventions can then be targeted according to RPA group. We applied the framework to type 2 diabetes prevention behaviors among American Indians and expanded it to include culture and numeracy. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we surveyed a sample of Northern Plains American Indians in a reservation community setting on self-reported perceptions of diabetes risk, objective diabetes risk, self-efficacy, engagement in healthy behaviors, knowledge of diabetes risk factors, and covariates including demographics, numeracy, and cultural identity...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932246/implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-intervention-for-children-in-afghanistan-at-risk-for-substance-use-or-actively-using-psychoactive-substances
#14
Abdul Subor Momand, Elizabeth Mattfeld, Brian Morales, Manzoor Ul Haq, Thom Browne, Kevin E O'Grady, Hendrée E Jones
The present study examined the impact of a novel intervention for children at risk for substance use or actively using substances that was provided to 783 children between 4 and 18 years of age in Afghanistan. They received the Child Intervention for Living Drug-free (CHILD) protocol while in outpatient or residential treatment. CHILD included age-appropriate literacy and numeracy, drug education, basic living safety, and communication and trauma coping skills. A battery of measures examined multiple child health domains at treatment's start and end and 12 weeks later...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904336/the-relation-between-cesarean-birth-and-child-cognitive-development
#15
Cain Polidano, Anna Zhu, Joel C Bornstein
This is the first detailed study of the relation between cesarean birth and child cognitive development. We measure differences in child cognitive performance at 4 to 9 years of age between cesarean-born and vaginally-born children (n = 3,666) participating in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). LSAC is a nationally representative birth cohort surveyed biennially. Using multivariate regression, we control for a large range of confounders related to perinatal risk factors and the socio-economic advantage associated with cesarean-born children...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884617/strengths-and-gaps-in-physicians-risk-communication-a-scenario-study-of-the-influence-of-numeracy-on-cancer-screening-communication
#16
Dafina Petrova, Olga Kostopoulou, Brendan C Delaney, Edward T Cokely, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
OBJECTIVE: Many patients have low numeracy, which impedes their understanding of important information about health (e.g., benefits and harms of screening). We investigated whether physicians adapt their risk communication to accommodate the needs of patients with low numeracy, and how physicians' own numeracy influences their understanding and communication of screening statistics. METHODS: UK family physicians ( N = 151) read a description of a patient seeking advice on cancer screening...
September 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868781/long-term-outcomes-for-large-for-gestational-age-infants-born-at-term
#17
Amina Z Khambalia, Charles S Algert, Jennifer R Bowen, Rebecca J Collie, Christine L Roberts
AIM: Large for gestational age (LGA) babies have increased risks for short-term outcomes such as shoulder dystocia, neonatal hypoglycaemia and longer hospital stay. Little is known of long-term health, development and educational outcomes of LGA babies. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term health, mortality, development and educational outcomes for infants born LGA at term. METHODS: A population-based record linkage study of live singletons born at term (37-41 weeks of gestation) in New South Wales, Australia, from 2001 to 2006...
September 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858147/toward-meaningful-care-plan-clinical-decision-support-feasibility-and-effects-of-a-simulated-pilot-study
#18
Gail M Keenan, Karen Dunn Lopez, Yingwei Yao, Vanessa E C Sousa, Janet Stifter, Alessandro Febretti, Andrew Johnson, Diana J Wilkie
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support (CDS) tools-with easily understood and actionable information, at the point of care-are needed to help registered nurses (RNs) make evidence-based decisions. Not clear are the optimal formats of CDS tools. Thorough, preclinical testing is desirable to avoid costly errors associated with premature implementation in electronic health records. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine feasibility of the protocol designed to compare multiple CDS formats and evaluate effects of numeracy and graph literacy on RN adoption of best practices and care planning time in a simulated environment...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837862/childhood-deprivation-and-later-life-cognitive-function-in-a-population-based-study-of-older-rural-south-africans
#19
Lindsay C Kobayashi, M Maria Glymour, Kathleen Kahn, Collin F Payne, Ryan G Wagner, Livia Montana, Farrah J Mateen, Stephen M Tollman, Lisa F Berkman
RATIONALE: Little research has evaluated the life course drivers of cognitive aging in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationships of self-rated childhood health and father's occupation during childhood with later-life cognitive function score and whether educational attainment mediated these relationships among older South Africans living in a former region of Apartheid-era racial segregation. METHODS: Data were from baseline assessments of "Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community" (HAALSI), a population-based study of 5059 men and women aged ≥40 years in 2015 in rural Agincourt sub-district, South Africa...
August 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771221/childhood-outcomes-following-preterm-prelabor-rupture-of-the-membranes-pprom-a-population-based-record-linkage-cohort-study
#20
C L Roberts, P Wagland, S Torvaldsen, J R Bowen, J P Bentley, J M Morris
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine child health, development and educational outcomes for infants born following preterm prelabor rupture of the membrane (PPROM). STUDY DESIGN: Population-based record linkage cohort study using data from NSW, Australia, 2001 to 2014. RESULTS: Of 121 822 births at 20 to 37 weeks, 18 799 (15%) followed PPROM, 56 406 (46%) followed spontaneous labor and 46 617 (38%) were planned. Compared with infants of a similar gestational age born following spontaneous labor or planned delivery, exposure to PPROM did not increase the risk of childhood mortality, childhood hospitalization, developmentally vulnerable at school entry, low reading or numeracy scores...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
keyword
keyword
27534
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"