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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097882/antidiabetic-agents-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-diseases
#1
Judy W M Cheng, Hisham A Badreldin, Dhiren K Patel, Snehal H Bhatt
This article reviews evidence of benefits and risk of antidiabetic agents in cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, with a focus on medications approved by the FDA since 2008. Peer-reviewed articles were identified from MEDLINE and Current Content database (both 1966 to October 1, 2016) using the search terms insulin, metformin, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, glyburide, glipizide, glimepiride, acarbose, miglitol, albiglutide, exenatide, liraglutide, lixisenatide, dulaglutide, pramlintide, meglitinide, alogliptin, linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, colesevalam, bromocriptine, mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, (HF) and stroke...
January 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086882/differential-effects-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-on-heart-rate
#2
REVIEW
Martin Lorenz, Francesca Lawson, David Owens, Denis Raccah, Christine Roy-Duval, Anne Lehmann, Riccardo Perfetti, Lawrence Blonde
While glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are known to increase heart rate (HR), it is insufficiently recognized that the extent varies greatly between the various agonists and is affected by the assessment methods employed. Here we review published data from 24-h time-averaged HR monitoring in healthy individuals and subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with either short-acting GLP-1 RAs, lixisenatide or exenatide, or long-acting GLP-1 RAs, exenatide LAR, liraglutide, albiglutide, or dulaglutide (N = 1112; active-treatment arms)...
January 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050889/clinical-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-albiglutide
#3
REVIEW
Andreas Brønden, Filip K Knop, Mikkel B Christensen
Albiglutide is a long-acting, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist for subcutaneous administration with a recommended dose of 30-50 mg once weekly. The aim of this article is to outline the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of albiglutide including the clinical efficacy and safety data underlying the approval of albiglutide for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in both Europe and USA. Albiglutide is cleared from the circulation (by a mechanism partially dependent on renal function) with an elimination half-life of 5 days, allowing once-weekly administration...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981757/efficacy-and-safety-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-in-type-2-diabetes-systematic-review-and-mixed-treatment-comparison-analysis
#4
Zin Z Htike, Francesco Zaccardi, Dimitris Papamargaritis, David R Webb, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies
AIMS: To compare efficacy and safety of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) in subjects with type 2 diabetes MATERIALS AND METHODS: We electronically searched, up to June 3(rd) , 2016, published randomised clinical trials lasting between 24 and 32 weeks and comparing a GLP-1RA (albiglutide, dulaglutide, twice-daily (EBID) and once-weekly exenatide, liraglutide, lixisenatide, semaglutide, and taspoglutide) with placebo or another GLP-1RA. Data on cardiometabolic and safety outcomes were analysed using a mixed-treatment comparison meta-analysis RESULTS: 34 trials (14464 participants) met the inclusion criteria; no published data for semaglutide were available...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904741/albiglutide-induced-pancreatitis
#5
EDITORIAL
Nidhi Jain, Malvi Savani, Manyoo Agarwal, Christopher W Sands
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860132/occurrence-of-nausea-vomiting-and-diarrhoea-reported-as-adverse-events-in-clinical-trials-studying-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-a-systematic-analysis-of-published-clinical-trials
#6
Karolin Bettge, Melanie Kahle, Mirna S Abd El Aziz, Juris J Meier, Michael A Nauck
AIM: GLP-1 receptor agonists (RAs) may cause nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of adverse events (AEs) with GLP-1 RAs and their relation to dose, background medication and duration of action. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The PubMed database was searched and 32 clinical trials with GLP-1 RAs (phase 3) were selected. We performed a systematic analysis and compared the proportion of patients reporting nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea, for different doses and glucose-lowering background medications, and relative to a reference compound within the subclasses of short- (exenatide b...
November 9, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852119/albiglutide-a-weekly-glp-1-receptor-agonist-improves-glycemic-parameters-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-over-1-year-when-added-to-single-oral-antidiabetic-drugs
#7
Inaha Okuda, Timothy H Wilson, Lin Yue, Hiromu Nakajima, Molly C Carr, Maho Tsuboi, Antonio Nino, Yutaka Seino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of once weekly albiglutide added to a single oral antidiabetic drug (OAD) in Japanese patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this phase 3, 1 year study (NCT01777282), patients (N = 374) received albiglutide 30 mg plus a single OAD (sulfonylurea [n = 120], biguanide [n = 67)], glinide [n = 65], thiazolidinedione [n = 61], or α-glucosidase inhibitor [n = 61])...
December 21, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766579/a-plethora-of-glp-1-agonists-decisions-about-what-to-use-and-when
#8
Susan L Samson, Alan J Garber
Incretin-based therapies are important addition to our armamentarium for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). There are six Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) which have received regulatory approval for clinical use. The short-acting GLP-1RAs include exenatide twice daily, liraglutide once daily, and lixisenatide once daily. The approved long-acting GLP-1RAs are administered weekly and are exenatide, albiglutide, and dulaglutide. Although all of these therapies lower hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), there also are unique features of GLP-1RAs that have been made manifest from clinical trial data with regard to weight-loss efficacy, fasting and post-prandial glucose control, cardiovascular safety and protection, and gastrointestinal and injection adverse effects...
December 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677385/albiglutide-a-unique-glp-1-receptor-agonist
#9
Marc S Rendell
Albiglutide is a long acting GLP-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) administered by weekly injection. Area covered: The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of albiglutide and its clinical effects are discussed. The review encompassed a search of PubMed and a thorough analysis of the European Union and US Food and Drug Administration approval documents. Expert opinion: Albiglutide has a chemical structure quite distinct from that of other marketed GLP-1 RAs. The agent has less gastrointestinal side effects than other comparable GLP-1 RAs and is safe in patients with renal failure...
October 3, 2016: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531946/glucagon-like-peptide-1-glp-1-receptor-agonists-in-cardiac-disorders
#10
Jamie Wroge, Nancy Toedter Williams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature about the use of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) in the treatment of cardiac disorders, specifically myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF). DATA SOURCES: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE (1946-May 2016) and Excerpta Medica (1980-May 2016) using EMBASE with the search terms glucagon-like peptide 1, exenatide, albiglutide, liraglutide, dulaglutide, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and cardiovascular The references of relevant articles were reviewed to identify additional citations...
August 16, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516879/an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-with-moderate-to-severe-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Devada Singh-Franco, Catherine Harrington, Eglis Tellez-Corrales
OBJECTIVE: This updated meta-analysis determines the effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors on glycemic and tolerability outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease with glomerular filtration rate of ⩽60 mL/min or on dialysis. METHODS: In all, 14 citations were identified from multiple databases. Qualitative assessments and quantitative analyses were performed. RESULTS: There were 2261 participants, 49-79 years of age, 49% men and 44% Caucasians...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485823/adjunctive-role-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-in-the-management-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#12
REVIEW
Kira B Harris, Cassie L Boland
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are commonly used in combination with insulin to manage type 2 diabetes mellitus, and four agents are currently approved for this indication: exenatide, liraglutide, dulaglutide, and albiglutide. The distinctive properties of GLP-1 RAs-potential hemoglobin A1c (A1C) reduction, weight loss, potential to reduce insulin doses, and lower hypoglycemia risk-have made these agents potential treatment options for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) as well...
September 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456750/efficacy-and-safety-of-once-weekly-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-compared-with-exenatide-and-liraglutide-in-type-2-diabetes-a-systemic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
X Xue, Z Ren, A Zhang, Q Yang, W Zhang, F Liu
BACKGROUND: Once-weekly glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) have shown promising results in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Herein, we compared the efficacy and safety of once-weekly GLP-1RAs with exenatide and liraglutide separately. METHODS: We systematically surveyed the pertinent literature using various databases. The randomised controlled trials that compared once-weekly GLP-1RAs with exenatide and liraglutide in type 2 diabetes were included...
August 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382338/the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-in-the-presence-of-renal-impairment-what-we-should-know-about-newer-therapies
#14
REVIEW
Melanie Davies, Sudesna Chatterjee, Kamlesh Khunti
Worldwide, an estimated 200 million people have chronic kidney disease (CKD), the most common causes of which include hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and diabetes. Importantly, ~40% of patients with diabetes develop CKD, yet evidence from major multicenter randomized controlled trials shows that intensive blood glucose control through pharmacological intervention can reduce the incidence and progression of CKD. Standard therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes include metformin, sulfonylureas, meglitinides, thiazolidinediones, and insulin...
2016: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318907/-impact-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-on-nasopharyngitis-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-network-meta-analysis
#15
Z X Li, S S Wu, Z R Yang, S Y Zhan, F Sun
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) on two common respiratory system adverse events (RSAE: nasopharyngitis and upper respiratory tract infection) among type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: Medline, Embase, Clinical trials and Cochrane library were searched from inception through May 2015 to identify randomized clinical trials(RCTs) assessed safety of GLP-1RAs versus placebo or other anti-diabetic drugs in T2DM...
June 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274297/an-indirect-comparison-of-hba1c-treatment-effect-with-albiglutide-and-exenatide-2-0-mg-qw-using-the-bucher-method
#16
Alan A Martin, Daniel Parks
No head-to-head comparisons exist between once-weekly (QW) glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists; accordingly, this indirect comparison was conducted to evaluate the comparative efficacy of QW albiglutide vs QW exenatide. Following a systematic literature search, it was determined that HARMONY 7 and DURATION 6, Phase III trials for albiglutide and exenatide, respectively, were similar in study design and baseline characteristics and included a common comparator arm, making them suitable for an indirect comparison using the Bucher method...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252246/glp-1-agonists-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
REVIEW
Kristin M Janzen, Taylor D Steuber, Sarah A Nisly
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of GLP-1 agonists in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). DATA SOURCES: A search using the MEDLINE database, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database was performed through March 2016 using the search terms glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists, incretin, liraglutide, exenatide, albiglutide, dulaglutide, type 1 diabetes mellitus STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: All English-language trials that examined glycemic end points using GLP-1 agonists in humans with T1DM were included...
August 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158818/efficacy-and-acceptability-of-glycemic-control-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-among-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#18
Zhixia Li, Yuan Zhang, Xiaochi Quan, Zhirong Yang, Xiantao Zeng, Linong Ji, Feng Sun, Siyan Zhan
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize current evidence of the impact of Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) on hypoglycemia, treatment discontinuation and glycemic level in patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Systematic review and network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Literature search (Medline, Embase, the Cochrane library), website of clinical trial, bibliographies of published systematic reviews. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials with available data comparing GLP-1 RAs with placebo or traditional anti-diabetic drugs in patients with type 2 diabetes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097971/gastrointestinal-safety-across-the-albiglutide-development-programme
#19
LETTER
L A Leiter, J M Mallory, T H Wilson, R R Reinhardt
Gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events (AEs) are the most frequently reported treatment-related AEs associated with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The GI safety of albiglutide, a once-weekly GLP-1RA, was assessed using data from five phase III studies. In a pooled analysis of four placebo-controlled trials, the most common GI AEs were diarrhoea (albiglutide, 14.5% vs. placebo, 11.5%) and nausea (albiglutide, 11.9% vs. placebo, 10.3%), with most patients experiencing 1-2 events...
September 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043162/postprandial-plasma-glucose-effects-of-once-weekly-albiglutide-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#20
Jessica E Matthews, Rickey R Reinhardt, Molly C Carr
Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) vary in their structure, duration of action, efficacy, and safety. In order to optimize glycemic control, it is important to target both fasting (FPG) and postprandial plasma (PPG) glucose. Although phase 3 trials document the effect of GLP-1 RAs on glycated hemoglobin, few data are available to assess their effect on PPG. Albiglutide is a once-weekly GLP-1 RA with a half-life of ≈ 5 days. The goal of this review is to summarize the effects of albiglutide on PPG in four phase 2 trials and to describe the PPG-lowering effects of the GLP-1 RAs...
May 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
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