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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776360/the-impact-of-telephone-follow-up-on-adverse-events-for-aboriginal-people-with-chronic-disease-in-new-south-wales-australia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Amanda Jayakody, Erin Passmore, Christopher Oldmeadow, Jamie Bryant, Mariko Carey, Eunice Simons, Aaron Cashmore, Louise Maher, Kiel Hennessey, Jacinta Bunfield, Maurice Terare, Andrew Milat, Rob Sanson-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are more prevalent and occur at a much younger age in Aboriginal people in Australia compared with non-Aboriginal people. Aboriginal people also have higher rates of unplanned hospital readmissions and emergency department presentations. There is a paucity of research on the effectiveness of follow up programs after discharge from hospital in Aboriginal populations. This study aimed to assess the impact of a telephone follow up program, 48 Hour Follow Up, on rates of unplanned hospital readmissions, unplanned emergency department presentations and mortality within 28 days of discharge among Aboriginal people with chronic disease...
May 18, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776358/associations-between-local-descriptive-norms-for-overweight-obesity-and-insufficient-fruit-intake-individual-level-diet-and-10-year-change-in-body-mass-index-and-glycosylated-haemoglobin-in-an-australian-cohort
#2
Suzanne J Carroll, Theo Niyonsenga, Neil T Coffee, Anne W Taylor, Mark Daniel
BACKGROUND: Descriptive norms (what other people do) relate to individual-level dietary behaviour and health outcome including overweight and obesity. Descriptive norms vary across residential areas but the impact of spatial variation in norms on individual-level diet and health is poorly understood. This study assessed spatial associations between local descriptive norms for overweight/obesity and insufficient fruit intake (spatially-specific local prevalence), and individual-level dietary intakes (fruit, vegetable and sugary drinks) and 10-year change in body mass index (BMI) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c )...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776349/randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-cannabinoid-replacement-therapy-nabiximols-for-the-management-of-treatment-resistant-cannabis-dependent-patients-a-study-protocol
#3
Anjali K Bhardwaj, David J Allsop, Jan Copeland, Iain S McGregor, Adrian Dunlop, Marian Shanahan, Raimondo Bruno, Nghi Phung, Mark Montebello, Craig Sadler, Jessica Gugusheff, Melissa Jackson, Jennifer Luksza, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The cannabis extract nabiximols (Sativex®) effectively supresses withdrawal symptoms and cravings in treatment resistant cannabis dependent individuals, who have high relapse rates following conventional withdrawal treatments. This study examines the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of longer-term nabiximols treatment for outpatient cannabis dependent patients who have not responded to previous conventional treatment approaches. METHODS/DESIGN: A phase III multi-site outpatient, randomised, double-blinded, placebo controlled parallel design, comparing a 12-week course of nabiximols to placebo, with follow up at 24 weeks after enrolment...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774859/novel-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-genotype-levels-as-herald-of-seasonal-salmonellosis-epidemics
#4
Cristina Sotomayor, Qinning Wang, Alicia Arnott, Peter Howard, Kirsty Hope, Ruiting Lan, Vitali Sintchenko
We examined the population dynamics of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium during seasonal salmonellosis epidemics in New South Wales, Australia, during 2009-2016. Of 15,626 isolates, 5%-20% consisted of novel genotypes. Seasons with salmonellosis epidemics were associated with a reduction in novel genotypes in the preceding winter and spring.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773959/conservation-systematics-of-the-shield-backed-trapdoor-spiders-of-the-nigrum-group-mygalomorphae-idiopidae-idiosoma-integrative-taxonomy-reveals-a-diverse-and-threatened-fauna-from-south-western-australia
#5
Michael G Rix, Joel A Huey, Steven J B Cooper, Andrew D Austin, Mark S Harvey
The aganippine shield-backed trapdoor spiders of the monophyletic nigrum -group of Idiosoma Ausserer s. l. are revised, and 15 new species are described from Western Australia and the Eyre Peninsula of South Australia: I. arenaceum Rix & Harvey, sp. n. , I. corrugatum Rix & Harvey, sp. n. , I. clypeatum Rix & Harvey, sp. n. , I. dandaragan Rix & Harvey, sp. n. , I. formosum Rix & Harvey, sp. n. , I. gardneri Rix & Harvey, sp. n. , I. gutharuka Rix & Harvey, sp. n. , I. incomptum Rix & Harvey, sp...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773219/an-open-trial-of-bedtime-fading-for-sleep-disturbances-in-preschool-children-a-parent-group-education-approach
#6
Michele R Cooney, Michelle A Short, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of bedtime fading to reduce sleep disturbances in preschool aged children by using a group parent education format. DESIGN: A repeated-measures design (pretreatment, treatment, post-treatment and two year follow-up). SETTING: Flinders University Child and Adolescent Sleep Clinic, Adelaide, South Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Participants comprised 21 children (M age = 3.0 ± 0...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773205/the-role-of-pre-sleep-cognitions-in-adolescent-sleep-onset-problems
#7
Melanie Heath, Anna Johnston, Hayley Dohnt, Michelle Short, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between pre-sleep cognitions and sleep-onset difficulties in an adolescent sample. METHODS: Participants comprised 385 students (59% male) from grades 9 to 11, aged between 13 and 18 years (M = 15.6, SD = 1.0), from eight co-educational high schools of varied socio-economic status in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. The cross-sectional study used a questionnaire battery including the Sleep Anticipatory Anxiety Questionnaire -Adolescent Version (SAAQ-A), completed during school time, followed by eight days of sleep diary completion and wearing wrist actigraphy to obtain subjective and objective sleep onset latency (SOL)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773127/taeniid-metacestodes-in-rangeland-goats-in-australia
#8
D J Jenkins, B Cowled, V Brookes
Data on several infections of sheep and goats, including parasite infections, are routinely collected during inspection of harvested rangeland goats after slaughter. This is an important role of the Australian National Sheep Health Monitoring Program (NSHMP). Our study investigated the presence of metacestodes of Taenia hydatigena, T. ovis and Echinococcus granulosus in slaughtered goats from Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia. During the period of the study (2007-2013) 374,580 goats were slaughtered and inspected by trained abattoir meat inspectors as part of the NSHMP...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772788/application-of-a-protocol-based-on-trap-neuter-return-tnr-to-manage-unowned-urban-cats-on-an-australian-university-campus
#9
Helen Swarbrick, Jacquie Rand
In August 2008, the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Sydney, Australia, commenced a trap-neuter-return (TNR) program to manage the population of approximately 69 free-roaming unowned urban cats on its Kensington campus. The goals of the program included an ongoing audit of cats on campus, stabilization of cat numbers through TNR, and a subsequent reduction in cat numbers over time while maintaining the health of remaining campus cats. Continuation of the TNR program over nine years resulted in a current population, as of September 2017, of 15 cats, all desexed (78% reduction)...
May 17, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769120/a-controlled-before-after-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-a-clinician-led-policy-to-reduce-knee-arthroscopy-in-nsw
#10
H Y Chen, I A Harris, K Sutherland, J-F Levesque
BACKGROUND: Clinical evidence shows knee arthroscopy has little benefit for degenerative conditions and considerable variation in the incidence of knee arthroscopy in Australia has been identified. This study aimed to evaluate a clinician-led evidence-based policy which was implemented in one local health district in New South Wales (NSW) in 2012 to reduce the use of knee arthroscopy for patients aged 50 years or over. METHODS: Trends in rates and volume of knee arthroscopy for patients 50 years or over in NSW between 2004 and 2015 by district were examined...
May 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768650/gestation-at-birth-mode-of-birth-infant-feeding-and-childhood-hospitalization-with-infection
#11
Jason P Bentley, David P Burgner, Antonia W Shand, Jane C Bell, Jessica E Miller, Natasha Nassar
INTRODUCTION: Infections are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in preschool children. We aimed to assess the impact of the co-occurrence of cesarean section, early birth and formula feeding on hospitalization with infection in early childhood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population-based retrospective record-linkage cohort study of 488 603 singleton livebirths ≥32 weeks gestational age in New South Wales, Australia, 2007-2012. Multivariable Cox-regression was used to estimate independent and combined adjusted associations of gestational age, mode of birth (vaginal or cesarean section by labor onset) and formula feeding with time to first and repeat hospitalization with infection for children <5 years of age...
May 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768495/pollen-analysis-of-australian-honey
#12
J M Kale Sniderman, Kia A Matley, Simon G Haberle, David J Cantrill
Pollen analysis is widely used to verify the geographic origin of honeys, but has never been employed in Australia. In this study, we analysed the pollen content of 173 unblended honey samples sourced from most of the commercial honey producing regions in southern Australia. Southern Australian vegetation is dominated by Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) forests and, as expected, most Australian honeys are palynologically dominated by Eucalyptus, while other important components include Myrtaceae taxa such as Corymbia/Angophora and the tribe Leptospermeae; plus Brassicaceae, Echium, Macadamia, and Acacia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767602/excess-stroke-incidence-in-young-aboriginal-people-in-south-australia-pooled-results-from-two-population-based-studies
#13
Anna H Balabanski, Jonathan Newbury, James M Leyden, Hisatomi Arima, Craig S Anderson, Sally Castle, Jennifer Cranefield, Tracey Paterson, Amanda G Thrift, Judith Katzenellenbogen, Alex Brown, Timothy J Kleinig
Background Retrospective data indicate increased stroke incidence in Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians, possibly with poorer outcomes. We present the first prospective population-based stroke incidence study in Indigenous Australians. Methods We pooled data from ASCEND and SEARCH, two prospective "ideal" South Australian stroke incidence studies, ASCEND conducted in urban Northwestern Adelaide (2009-2010) and SEARCH in five South Australian rural centers (2009-2011). We calculated age-standardized incidence for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766593/carbohydrate-knowledge-lifestyle-and-insulin-an-observational-study-of-their-association-with-glycaemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
K Smythe, M Saw, M Mak, V W Wong
BACKGROUND: The ability to achieve optimal glycaemic control varies widely among individuals with type 1 diabetes. The present study aimed to explore the factors that are associated with optimal glycaemic control compared to suboptimal control. METHODS: An observational study design was used to explore the association of various factors with glycaemic control. Surveys were completed by individuals who attended the type 1 diabetes clinic at a tertiary hospital in New South Wales (NSW), Australia...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765033/an-epizootic-of-chlamydia-psittaci-equine-reproductive-loss-associated-with-suspected-spillover-from-native-australian-parrots
#15
Cheryl Jenkins, Martina Jelocnik, Melinda L Micallef, Francesca Galea, Alyce Taylor-Brown, Daniel R Bogema, Michael Liu, Brendon O'Rourke, Catherine Chicken, Joan Carrick, Adam Polkinghorne
Chlamydia psittaci is an avian pathogen capable of spill-over infections to humans. A parrot C. psittaci strain was recently detected in an equine reproductive loss case associated with a subsequent cluster of human C. psittaci infections. In this study, we screened for C. psittaci in cases of equine reproductive loss reported in regional New South Wales, Australia during the 2016 foaling season. C. psittaci specific-PCR screening of foetal and placental tissue samples from cases of equine abortion (n = 161) and foals with compromised health status (n = 38) revealed C...
May 16, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764894/correction-is-the-weekend-effect-really-ubiquitous-a-retrospective-clinical-cohort-analysis-of-30-day-mortality-by-day-of-week-and-time-of-day-using-linked-population-data-from-new-south-wales-australia
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762891/assistants-in-nursing-working-with-mental-health-consumers-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Adam Gerace, Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Leah Couzner, Christine Palmer, Karleen Thornton
Nursing students, regardless of setting, require skills in working with people with mental health issues. One way to provide students with learning opportunities within the context of limited undergraduate mental health content and lack of mental health placements is through employment as assistants in nursing (AIN). The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of AINs employed in an emergency department in South Australia to supervise (continuous observation) mental health consumers on inpatient treatment orders...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761916/-%C3%A2-but-if-you-re-afraid-of-things-how-are-you-meant-to-belong-what-belonging-means-to-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
Iva Strnadová, Kelley Johnson, Jan Walmsley
BACKGROUND: A policy commitment to social inclusion has brought about some positive changes in the lives of people with intellectual disabilities; yet many also continue to experience social isolation, poverty and abuse. The authors introduce a framework for belonging from the literature and then present a study exploring the views of people with intellectual disabilities about belonging. These are discussed in relation to the framework identified from the literature. METHOD: Three focus groups with 24 participants with intellectual disabilities were conducted in New South Wales and Victoria (Australia)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760093/transhemispheric-ecosystem-disservices-of-pink-salmon-in-a-pacific-ocean-macrosystem
#19
Alan M Springer, Gus B van Vliet, Natalie Bool, Mike Crowley, Peter Fullagar, Mary-Anne Lea, Ross Monash, Cassandra Price, Caitlin Vertigan, Eric J Woehler
Pink salmon ( Oncorhynchus gorbuscha ) in the North Pacific Ocean have flourished since the 1970s, with growth in wild populations augmented by rising hatchery production. As their abundance has grown, so too has evidence that they are having important effects on other species and on ocean ecosystems. In alternating years of high abundance, they can initiate pelagic trophic cascades in the northern North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea and depress the availability of common prey resources of other species of salmon, resident seabirds, and other pelagic species...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758491/has-cancer-survival-improved-for-older-people-as-for-younger-people-new-south-wales-1980-2012
#20
Ming Li, Stephen Morrell, Nicola Creighton, Hanna Tervonen, Hui You, David Roder, David Currow
BACKGROUND: Cancer survival has improved markedly in Australia for all ages but it is still lower in older patients. We hypothesize that the survival gap by age has increased. Our rationale is that treatment constraints in older people and potentially their limited participation in trials may have limited opportunities for survival gain. METHODS: Post-diagnostic five-year cancer-specific mortality rates were analysed by age group for cancers recorded on the NSW Cancer Registry...
May 11, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
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