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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147920/dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-evaluation-and-validation-of-the-dymus-questionnaire
#1
REVIEW
Dalal Alali, Kirrie Ballard, Steve Vucic, Hans Bogaardt
OBJECTIVE: The 10-item Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis (DYMUS) questionnaire is a self-administered tool used to identify swallowing problems in adults with MS. The questionnaire was not validated against other existing questionnaires to assess its convergent validity. Moreover, its test-retest reliability was not measured previously. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the factor analysis, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the DYMUS, as well as its convergent validity against an established and validated questionnaire, the EAT-10...
November 17, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145055/urban-stormwater-characterisation-and-nitrogen-composition-from-lot-scale-catchments-new-management-implications
#2
REVIEW
Terry Lucke, Darren Drapper, Andy Hornbuckle
Stormwater runoff from urban areas has been shown to contain a variety of pollutants which are often linked to the specific land use of the catchment. This research program investigated the pollutant concentrations in stormwater runoff from several sites in South-east Queensland (SEQ), in Australia. The study sites are predominantly single development lots, under 7.5hectares (Ha) in area, with a single land-use classification that have been developed with stormwater treatment measures to manage pollutant loads as required by local regulations...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144977/birthplace-in-australia-processes-and-interactions-during-the-intrapartum-transfer-of-women-from-planned-homebirth-to-hospital
#3
Deborah Fox, Athena Sheehan, Caroline Homer
OBJECTIVE: the aim of the study was to explore the views and experiences of women, midwives and obstetricians on the intrapartum transfer of women from planned homebirth to hospital in Australia. DESIGN: a Constructivist Grounded Theory approach was taken, to conceptualise the social interactions and processes grounded in the data. SETTING: urban and regional areas in four states of south-eastern Australia. PARTICIPANTS: semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 36 women, midwives and obstetricians who had experienced an intrapartum homebirth transfer within three years prior to the interview...
November 2, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144415/the-association-between-environmental-lead-exposure-and-high-school-educational-outcomes-in-four-communities-in-new-south-wales-australia
#4
Jennifer McCrindle, Donna Green, Marianne Sullivan
The associations between environmental lead exposure and high school educational outcomes in four communities located in New South Wales, Australia, were examined in this ecological study. A mixed model analysis was performed to account for each school's results being more similar than results for other schools. The effect of environmental lead exposure on mean results for five educational outcomes was examined. 'Leaded' schools with more than five per cent of students living in the highest lead risk areas were tested against non-leaded 'comparison' schools that were matched by a pre-defined socio-educational advantage rating...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143435/risk-factors-for-falls-among-older-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-urban-and-regional-communities
#5
Caroline Lukaszyk, Kylie Radford, Kim Delbaere, Rebecca Ivers, Kris Rogers, Catherine Sherrington, Anne Tiedemann, Julieann Coombes, Gail Daylight, Brian Draper, Tony Broe
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between fall risk factors identified previously in other populations and falls among Aboriginal people aged 60 years and older, living in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with older Aboriginal people in five urban and regional communities. Associations between past falls and 22 fall predictor variables were examined using linear and multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Of the 336 participants, 80 people (24%) reported at least one fall in the past year, and 34 (10%) reported two or more falls...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142659/actinic-prurigo-in-scandinavian-adolescent-successfully-treated-with-cyclosporine-a
#6
Jan C Sitek
Actinic prurigo is a pruritic sun-induced dermatosis classified among the immunologically mediated photodermatoses. The disease is a well-known entity among Native Americans and in Central and South America, however rare in Caucasians with only a few reports from Australia, Britain and France. We report the first case of actinic prurigo in a Scandinavian patient, responding favorably to systemic treatment with cyclosporine A.
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142458/widening-socioeconomic-disparity-in-lung-cancer-incidence-among-men-in-new-south-wales-australia-1987-2011
#7
Xue Qin Yu, Qingwei Luo, Clare Kahn, Camilla Cahill, Marianne Weber, Paul Grogan, Ahmedin Jemal, Dianne L O'Connell
Objective: We assessed the trends in lung cancer incidence over a 25-year period by socioeconomic groups for men in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Methods: Men diagnosed with lung cancer between 1987 and 2011 were divided into five quintiles according to an Index of Education and Occupation (IEO). We assessed relative socioeconomic differences over time by calculating age-standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) by 5-year period of diagnosis, and estimated absolute differences by comparing the observed and expected numbers of cases using the highest IEO quintile as the reference...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139173/incidence-of-in-hospital-and-post-discharge-diagnosed-hospital-associated-venous-thromboembolism-using-linked-administrative-data
#8
Joanne M Stubbs, Hassan Assareh, Jennifer Curnow, Kerry Hitos, Helen M Achat
BACKGROUND: Hospital-associated venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) is a serious adverse event, preventable with appropriate care during and post admission. Accurate measurement of in-hospital and post-discharge incidences is essential for implementation and evaluation of prevention strategies and monitoring. AIMS: To estimate in-hospital and post-discharge diagnosed VTEs, trends and risk factors. METHODS: A population-based study in New South Wales, Australia using linked hospital admission and emergency department data for 2010-2013, amongst adult patients with a minimum stay of 48 hours...
November 15, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135913/management-of-ciguatoxin-risk-in-eastern-australia
#9
Hazel Farrell, Shauna A Murray, Anthony Zammit, Alan W Edwards
Between 2014 and 2016, five cases of ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP), involving twenty four individuals, were linked to Spanish Mackerel (Scomberomorus commerson) caught in the coastal waters of the state of New South Wales (NSW) on the east coast of Australia. Previously, documented cases of CFP in NSW were few, and primarily linked to fish imported from other regions. Since 2015, thirteen individuals were affected across four additional CFP cases in NSW, linked to fish imported from tropical locations. The apparent increase in CFP in NSW from locally sourced catch, combined with the risk of CFP from imported fish, has highlighted several considerations that should be incorporated into risk management strategies to minimize CFP exposure for seafood consumers...
November 14, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134262/evaluating-use-of-environmental-flows-to-aerate-streams-by-modelling-the-counterfactual-case
#10
Michael J Stewardson, Dominic Skinner
This paper evaluates an experimental environmental flow manipulation by modeling the counterfactual case that no environmental flow was applied. This is an alternate approach to evaluating the effect of an environmental flow intervention when a before-after or control-impact comparison is not possible. In this case, the flow manipulation is a minimum flow designed to prevent hypoxia in a weir on the low-gradient Broken Creek in south-eastern Australia. At low flows, low reaeration rates and high respiration rates associated with elevated organic matter loading in the weir pool can lead to a decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations with adverse consequences both for water chemistry and aquatic biota...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134094/the-evolution-of-giant-flightless-birds-and-novel-phylogenetic-relationships-for-extinct-fowl-aves-galloanseres
#11
Trevor H Worthy, Federico J Degrange, Warren D Handley, Michael S Y Lee
The extinct dromornithids, gastornithids and phorusrhacids are among the most spectacular birds to have ever lived, with some giants exceeding 500 kg. The affinities and evolution of these and other related extinct birds remain contentious, with previous phylogenetic analyses being affected by widespread convergence and limited taxon sampling. We address these problems using both parsimony and tip-dated Bayesian approaches on an expansive taxon set that includes all key extinct flightless and flighted (e...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131446/food-provision-among-food-relief-agencies-in-rural-australia-and-perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-provide-healthy-food
#12
Natalia Bortolin, Jaqueline Priestly, Janice Sangster
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity affects 4-14% of Australians, and up to 82% of vulnerable groups. Food relief agencies commonly provide food parcels or food vouchers. Little research has been undertaken on food relief agencies within rural Australia. This study determined the type of food assistance provided by rural FRAs, and barriers and enablers to provide healthy food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using telephone questionnaires with qualitative and quantitative aspects...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131425/stage-of-diagnosis-of-prostate-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-in-farm-residents-compared-with-other-rural-and-urban-residents-in-new-south-wales
#13
Julie Depczynski, Timothy Dobbins, Bruce Armstrong, Tony Lower
OBJECTIVE: To determine if stage at diagnosis of prostate, breast and colorectal cancers differs between farm, rural non-farm and urban residents. DESIGN: Data linkage of baseline survey information from a large cohort study, with state cancer registry records from 2006 to 2009. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: New South Wales residents enrolled in the 45 and Up Study cohort. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adjusted odds ratio of non-localised cancer stage was modelled using binary logistic regression, controlling for commonly known cancer risk factors...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128437/participatory-action-research-opens-doors-mentoring-indigenous-researchers-to-improve-midwifery-in-urban-australia
#14
Sophie D Hickey, Sarah-Jade Maidment, Kayla M Heinemann, Yvette L Roe, Sue V Kildea
PROBLEM: There is increasing demand for capacity building among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) maternal and infant health workforce to improve health outcomes for mothers and babies; yet few studies describe the steps taken to mentor novice Indigenous researchers to contribute to creating a quality evidence-base in this space. BACKGROUND: The Indigenous Birthing in an Urban Setting study is a partnership project aimed at improving maternity services for Indigenous families in South East Queensland...
November 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122797/association-between-respiratory-syncytial-viral-disease-and-the-subsequent-risk-of-the-first-episode-of-severe-asthma-in-different-subgroups-of-high-risk-australian-children-a-whole-of-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Nusrat Homaira, Nancy Briggs, Christopher Pardy, Mark Hanly, Ju-Lee Oei, Lisa Hilder, Barbara Bajuk, Kei Lui, William Rawlinson, Tom Snelling, Adam Jaffe
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) to the subsequent development of severe asthma in different subgroups of children at risk of severe RSV disease. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised all children born in NSW between 2000 and 2010 with complete follow-up till 31 December 2011. The cohort was divided into three subgroups: (1) non-Indigenous high-risk children: non-Indigenous children born preterm or born with a low birth weight; (2) Indigenous children: children of mothers whose Indigenous status was recorded as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander and (3) non-Indigenous standard risk children: all other non-Indigenous term children...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122350/evaluating-residents-preferences-for-remediation-technologies-a-choice-experiment-approach
#16
Elisabeth Huynh, Jorge E Araña, Jason Prior
The choice of technologies used to remediate contaminated environments is increasingly made through engagement with a multitude of stakeholders including affected residents. Despite this, little is known about how residents perceive remediation technology applications. In this study a choice experiment is designed to explore ways of understanding and measuring residents' preferences for different remediation technologies approaches using a sample of 944 residents in New South Wales, Australia. Analysis reveals that the residents' acceptability of remediation technologies can be explained by both the efficacy of the technology in improving the environmental quality of the community, and the reputational value of the technology...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122239/early-warning-of-limit-exceeding-concentrations-of-cyanobacteria-and-cyanotoxins-in-drinking-water-reservoirs-by-inferential-modelling
#17
Friedrich Recknagel, Philip T Orr, Michael Bartkow, Annelie Swanepoel, Hongqing Cao
An early warning scheme is proposed that runs ensembles of inferential models for predicting the cyanobacterial population dynamics and cyanotoxin concentrations in drinking water reservoirs on a diel basis driven by in situ sonde water quality data. When the 10- to 30-day-ahead predicted concentrations of cyanobacteria cells or cyanotoxins exceed pre-defined limit values, an early warning automatically activates an action plan considering in-lake control, e.g. intermittent mixing and ad hoc water treatment in water works, respectively...
November 2017: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121973/in-vitro-investigations-on-extracellular-proteins-secreted-by-aphanomyces-invadans-the-causative-agent-of-epizootic-ulcerative-syndrome
#18
Muhammad Majeed, Gokhlesh Kumar, Sarah Schlosser, Mansour El-Matbouli, Mona Saleh
BACKGROUND: Proteases produced by many microorganisms, including oomycetes, are crucial for their growth and development. They may also play a critical role in disease manifestation. Epizootic ulcerative syndrome is one of the most destructive fish diseases known. It is caused by the oomycete Aphanomyces invadans and leads to mass mortalities of cultured and wild fish in many countries. The areas of concern are Australia, China, Japan, South and Southeast Asian countries and the USA. Extracellular proteases produced by this oomycete are believed to trigger EUS pathogenesis in fish...
November 9, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121923/decentralised-training-for-medical-students-a-scoping-review
#19
Marietjie de Villiers, Susan van Schalkwyk, Julia Blitz, Ian Couper, Kalavani Moodley, Zohray Talib, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, medical students are trained at sites away from the tertiary academic health centre. A growing body of literature identifies the benefits of decentralised clinical training for students, the health services and the community. A scoping review was done to identify approaches to decentralised training, how these have been implemented and what the outcomes of these approaches have been in an effort to provide a knowledge base towards developing a model for decentralised training for undergraduate medical students in lower and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119858/eimeria-taggarti-n-sp-a-novel-coccidian-apicomplexa-eimeriorina-in-the-prostate-of-an-antechinus-flavipes
#20
Jemima Amery-Gale, Joanne Maree Devlin, Liliana Tatarczuch, David Augustine Taggart, David J Schultz, Jenny A Charles, Ian Beveridge
A novel coccidian species was discovered in the prostate of an Antechinus flavipes (yellow-footed antechinus) in South Australia, during the period of post-mating male antechinus immunosuppression and mortality. This novel coccidian is unusual because it develops extra-intestinally and sporulates endogenously within the prostate gland of its mammalian host. Histological examination of prostatic tissue revealed dense aggregations of spherical and thin-walled tetrasporocystic, dizoic sporulated coccidian oocysts within tubular lumina, with unsporulated oocysts and gamogonic stages within the cytoplasm of glandular epithelial cells...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
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