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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214091/multidonor-intensive-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-active-ulcerative-colitis-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Sudarshan Paramsothy, Michael A Kamm, Nadeem O Kaakoush, Alissa J Walsh, Johan van den Bogaerde, Douglas Samuel, Rupert W L Leong, Susan Connor, Watson Ng, Ramesh Paramsothy, Wei Xuan, Enmoore Lin, Hazel M Mitchell, Thomas J Borody
BACKGROUND: The intestinal microbiota is implicated in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. Faecal microbiota transplantation is a novel form of therapeutic microbial manipulation, but its efficacy in ulcerative colitis is uncertain. We aimed to establish the efficacy of intensive-dosing, multidonor, faecal microbiota transplantation in active ulcerative colitis. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial at three hospitals in Australia...
February 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209571/-visionzero-is-it-achievable-for-rugby-related-catastrophic-injuries-in-south-africa
#2
EDITORIAL
James Brown, Wayne Viljoen, Clint Readhead, Gail Baerecke, Mike Lambert, Caroline F Finch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208803/barriers-to-seeking-help-for-skin-cancer-detection-in-rural-australia
#3
Kate M Fennell, Kimberley Martin, Carlene J Wilson, Camilla Trenerry, Greg Sharplin, James Dollman
This study explores rural South Australians' barriers to help-seeking for skin cancer detection. A total of 201 randomly selected rural adults (18-94 years, 66% female) were presented with a skin-cancer-related scenario via telephone and were asked the extent to which various barriers would impede their help-seeking, based on an amended version of the Barriers to Help-Seeking Scale. Older (≥63 years) and less educated participants endorsed barriers more strongly than their younger, more educated counterparts in the following domains; "Concrete barriers and distrust of caregivers", "Emotional control", "Minimising problem and Normalisation", "Need for control and self-reliance" (every domain other than "Privacy")...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208043/the-australasian-diabetes-data-network-first-national-audit-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Helen Phelan, Helen Clapin, Loren Bruns, Fergus J Cameron, Andrew M Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Elizabeth A Davis, Kim C Donaghue, Craig A Jefferies, Bruce R King, Richard O Sinnott, Elaine B Tham, Jerry K Wales, Timothy W Jones, Maria E Craig
OBJECTIVES: To assess glycaemic control, anthropometry and insulin regimens in a national sample of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of de-identified, prospectively collected data from the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) registry. SETTING: Five paediatric diabetes centres in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents (aged 18 years or under) with type 1 diabetes of at least 12 months' duration for whom data were added to the ADDN registry during 2015...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198933/applying-a-southern-solvent-an-interview-with-warwick-anderson
#5
Warwick Anderson, Marcos Cueto, Ricardo Ventura Santos
An interview by the editor and a member of the scientific board of História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos with Warwick Anderson, a leading historian of science and race from Australia. He talks about his training, positions he held at US universities, his publications, and his research at the University of Sydney. He discusses his current concern with the circulation of racial knowledge and biological materials as well as with the construction of networks of racial studies in the global south during the twentieth century...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192040/prevalence-of-columbid-herpesvirus-infection-in-feral-pigeons-columba-livia-from-new-south-wales-and-victoria-australia-with-spillover-into-a-wild-powerful-owl-ninox-struena
#6
David N Phalen, Carolina Alvarado, Victoria Grillo, Phillipa Mason, Elizabeth Dobson, Peter Holz
Columbid herpesvirus-1 (CoHV-1) is widespread in feral pigeons ( Columba livia ) in North America and Europe. We used a PCR assay to detect CoHV-1 DNA in oral and cloacal tissues and oral swabs from naturally infected pigeons. Fifty-three feral pigeons from five flocks in Australia (n=3 from south-central Victoria and n=2 from Sydney) were examined for CoHV-1 DNA. We detected CoHV-1 DNA in oral mucosa and cloacal mucosa, with higher concentrations in the oral mucosa. The sensitivity of testing oral swabs was the same as testing the tissue, indicating that testing of oral swabs from live birds is an effective means of screening flocks for CoHV-1 infection...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188934/new-evidence-for-endemic-circulation-of-ross-river-virus-in-the-pacific-islands-and-the-potential-for-emergence
#7
Colleen Lau, Maite Aubry, Didier Musso, Anita Teissier, Sylvie Paulous, Philippe Desprès, Xavier de-Lamballerie, Boris Pastorino, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau, Philip Weinstein
OBJECTIVES: An epidemic of Ross River Virus (RRV) occurred in the South Pacific in 1979-1980, but it was not believed to occur endemically outside Australia and Papua New Guinea. We conducted a seroprevalence study to determine whether RRV has circulated in American Samoa after 1980. METHODS: RRV ELISA IgG were performed on 200 serum samples collected in American Samoa in 2010, and seroneutralisation tests on 60 representative samples. RESULTS: Of 196 results available for ELISA IgG, 145 (74%, 95% CI 67-80%) were seropositive...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188656/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dentists-towards-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#8
Ajesh George, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Hannah Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Studies internationally show a lack of consensus among dentists regarding perinatal oral health yet no studies in Australia has explored the perceptions of Dentists in this area. This study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions and practices of dentists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia about perinatal oral health. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to 1357 members of the Australian Dental Association (NSW) and 185 (13.4%) completed surveys were returned...
February 11, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187655/-i-digitonthophagus-i-i-gazella-i-auctorum-an-unfortunate-case-of-mistaken-identity-for-a-widely-introduced-species-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-scarabaeinae-onthophagini
#9
François Génier, Adrian L V Davis
At risk of committing entomological heresy, we question the identity of a dung-burying beetle species that originates from Africa and has been introduced first into Hawaii and subsequently to Australasia, North America, and South America (Fincher 1986; Edwards 2007; Noriega et al. 2010) for pasture improvement and biological control of dung-breeding flies (Waterhouse 1974; Bornemissza 1979).  Under the name Onthophagus gazella (Fabricius 1787), it was the first species selected for introduction into Australia by the CSIRO Dung Beetle Project (Bornemissza 1976; Edwards 2007)...
January 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187570/first-record-of-cephenniini-on-christmas-island-with-updated-checklist-of-world-i-cephennomicrus-i-species-and-summary-of-their-distribution-coleoptera-staphylinidae-scydmaeninae
#10
Paweł Jałoszyński
The tribe Cephenniini is reported for the first time to occur on Christmas Island (external territory of the Commonwealth of Australia). Cephennomicrus lawrencei sp. n. is described and illustrated; the new species shows similarities to several Oriental and Japanese congeners, with the endophallic complex of long flagellum flanked by elongate sclerites especially similar to that of Indonesian C. fesumatranus Jałoszyński. The distribution of world Cephennomicrus species is summarized, ranging from southern and central-eastern Africa, Madagascar, Indian Ocean islands, through Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, south-eastern China and Taiwan, the Ryukyus and Tsushima Island, eastern Papua New Guinea to Australia and southern Pacific islands...
February 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178770/interventions-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing-practices-for-hospital-inpatients
#11
REVIEW
Peter Davey, Charis A Marwick, Claire L Scott, Esmita Charani, Kirsty McNeil, Erwin Brown, Ian M Gould, Craig R Ramsay, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a major public health problem. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are associated with prolonged hospital stay and death compared with infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Appropriate antibiotic use in hospitals should ensure effective treatment of patients with infection and reduce unnecessary prescriptions. We updated this systematic review to evaluate the impact of interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing to hospital inpatients...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178275/phase-of-care-prevalence-for-prostate-cancer-in-new-south-wales-australia-a-population-based-modelling-study
#12
Xue Qin Yu, Qingwei Luo, David P Smith, Mark S Clements, Manish I Patel, Dianne L O'Connell
OBJECTIVE: To develop a method for estimating the future numbers of prostate cancer survivors requiring different levels of care. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Analysis of population-based cancer registry data for prostate cancer cases (aged 18-84 years) diagnosed in 1996-2007, and a linked dataset with hospital admission data for men with prostate cancer diagnosed during 2005-2007 in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: Cancer registry data (1996-2007) were used to project complete prostate cancer prevalence in NSW, Australia for 2008-2017, and treatment information from hospital records (2005-2007) was used to estimate the inpatient care needs during the first year after diagnosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174226/educator-engagement-and-interaction-and-children-s-physical-activity-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings-an-observational-study-protocol
#13
Karen L Tonge, Rachel A Jones, Markus Hagenbuchner, Tuc V Nguyen, Anthony D Okely
INTRODUCTION: The benefits of regular physical activity for children are significant. Previous research has addressed the quantity and quality of children's physical activity while in early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings, yet little research has investigated the social and physical environmental influences on physical activity in these settings. The outcomes of this study will be to measure these social and physical environmental influences on children's physical activity using a combination of a real-time location system (RTLS) (a closed system that tracks the location of movement of participants via readers and tags), accelerometry and direct observation...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173840/morphological-and-molecular-description-of-ixodes-woyliei-n-sp-ixodidae-with-consideration-for-co-extinction-with-its-critically-endangered-marsupial-host
#14
Amanda Ash, Aileen Elliot, Stephanie Godfrey, Halina Burmej, Mohammad Yazid Abdad, Amy Northover, Adrian Wayne, Keith Morris, Peta Clode, Alan Lymbery, R C Andrew Thompson
BACKGROUND: Taxonomic identification of ticks obtained during a longitudinal survey of the critically endangered marsupial, Bettongia penicillata Gray, 1837 (woylie, brush-tailed bettong) revealed a new species of Ixodes Latrielle, 1795. Here we provide morphological data for the female and nymphal life stages of this novel species (Ixodes woyliei n. sp.), in combination with molecular characterisation using the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1). In addition, molecular characterisation was conducted on several described Ixodes species and used to provide phylogenetic context...
February 7, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173823/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-practice-change-intervention-in-increasing-the-provision-of-nicotine-dependence-treatment-in-inpatient-psychiatric-facilities-an-implementation-trial
#15
Paula M Wye, Emily A Stockings, Jenny A Bowman, Chris Oldmeadow, John H Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending the routine provision of nicotine dependence treatment to smokers in inpatient psychiatric facilities, the prevalence of such treatment provision is low. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a clinical practice change intervention in increasing clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment to patients in inpatient psychiatric facilities. METHODS: We undertook an interrupted time series analysis of nicotine dependence treatment provision before, during and after a clinical practice change intervention to increase clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment for all hospital discharges (aged >18 years, N = 4175) over a 19 month period in two inpatient adult psychiatric facilities in New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173709/characteristics-of-patients-seen-by-visiting-psychiatrists-through-medicare-in-a-rural-community-mental-health-service-with-an-established-telemedicine-service
#16
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Geoffrey Schrader, David Smith, Dean Carson, Jörg Strobel
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine characteristics of patients receiving Medicare-funded face-to-face consultations by psychiatrists in a rural service with an established telemedicine service. METHODS: For this study, 55 case-managed patients from four rural community mental health teams in South Australia provided information through questionnaires regarding psychological symptoms, quality of life, body mass index (BMI) and gave access to their Medicare data. RESULTS: In a logistic regression, it was found that being younger was more likely associated with a Medicare psychiatric consultation ( p<0...
February 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171842/monitoring-steel-bridge-renovation-using-lead-isotopic-tracing
#17
Fred Salome, Brian Gulson, Massimo Chiaradia, Jeffrey Davis, Howard Morris
Monitoring removal of lead (Pb) paint from steel structures usually involves analysis of environmental samples for total lead and determination of blood Pb levels of employees involved in the Pb paint removal. We used high precision Pb isotopic tracing for a bridge undergoing Pb paint removal to determine if Pb in the environmental and blood samples originated from the bridge paint. The paint system on the bridge consisted of an anti-corrosive red Pb primer top-coated with a Micaceous Iron Oxide (MIO) alkyd...
January 30, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#18
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169157/more-than-a-name-heterogeneity-in-characteristics-of-models-of-maternity-care-reported-from-the-australian-maternity-care-classification-system-validation-study
#19
Natasha R Donnolley, Georgina M Chambers, Kerryn A Butler-Henderson, Michael G Chapman, Elizabeth A Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Without a standard terminology to classify models of maternity care, it is problematic to compare and evaluate clinical outcomes across different models. The Maternity Care Classification System is a novel system developed in Australia to classify models of maternity care based on their characteristics and an overarching broad model descriptor (Major Model Category). AIM: This study aimed to assess the extent of variability in the defining characteristics of models of care grouped to the same Major Model Category, using the Maternity Care Classification System...
February 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167746/randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-an-outpatient-exercise-training-programme-on-haemodynamics-and-cardiac-mr-parameters-of-right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-the-expah-study-protocol
#20
Karen S W Chia, Steven G Faux, Peter K K Wong, Cameron Holloway, Hassan Assareh, Craig S McLachlan, Eugene Kotlyar
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Early stage PH patients are often asymptomatic. Disease progression is associated with impairment of right ventricular function and progressive dyspnoea. Current guidelines recommend exercise training (grade IIa, level B). However, many questions remain regarding the mechanisms of improvement, intensity of supervision and optimal frequency, duration and intensity of exercise...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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