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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806772/microhabitats-and-canopy-cover-moderate-high-summer-temperatures-in-a-fragmented-mediterranean-landscape
#1
Gunnar Keppel, Sharolyn Anderson, Craig Williams, Sonia Kleindorfer, Christopher O'Connell
Extreme heat events will become more frequent under anthropogenic climate change, especially in Mediterranean ecosystems. Microhabitats can considerably moderate (buffer) the effects of extreme weather events and hence facilitate the persistence of some components of the biodiversity. We investigate the microclimatic moderation provided by two important microhabitats (cavities formed by the leaves of the grass-tree Xanthorrhoea semiplana F.Muell., Xanthorrhoeaceae; and inside the leaf-litter) during the summer of 2015/16 on the Fleurieu Peninsula of South Australia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806471/limited-uptake-of-ulcerative-colitis-treat-to-target-recommendations-in-real-world-practice
#2
Robert V Bryant, Samuel P Costello, Scott Schoeman, Dharshan Sathananthan, Emma Knight, Su-Yin Lau, Mark N Schoeman, Reme Mountifield, Derrick Tee, Simon P L Travis, Jane M Andrews
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A 'Treat to Target' (T2T) approach has been proposed for ulcerative colitis (UC), with a target of combined clinical and endoscopic remission. The aim of the study was evaluate the extent to which proposed targets are achieved in real-world care, along with clinician perceptions and potential challenges. METHODS: A multicentre, retrospective, cross-sectional review of patients with UC attending outpatient services in South Australia was conducted...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805942/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-abnormally-invasive-placenta-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#3
Heather J Baldwin, Jillian A Patterson, Tanya A Nippita, Siranda Torvaldsen, Ibinabo Ibiebele, Judy M Simpson, Jane B Ford
INTRODUCTION: Abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) involves abnormal adherence of the placenta to the myometrium, and is associated with severe pregnancy complications such as blood transfusion and hysterectomy. Knowledge of outcomes has been limited by small sample sizes and a focus on maternal rather than neonatal outcomes. This study uses population-level data collected over ten years to investigate maternal and neonatal outcomes and trends in incidence of AIP (also known as placenta accreta, increta and percreta)...
August 14, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803884/challenging-the-colonisation-of-birth-koori-women-s-birthing-knowledge-and-practice
#4
Karen Adams, Shannon Faulkhead, Rachel Stanfield, Petah Atkinson
BACKGROUND: The 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples states that Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination for social and cultural development. This fundamental right has been impeded worldwide through colonisation where many Indigenous peoples have had to adapt to ensure continuation of cultural knowledge and practice. In South East Australia colonisation was particularly brutal interrupting a 65,000 year-old oral culture and archives have increasing importance for cultural revival...
August 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801412/health-practitioners-perceptions-of-adopting-clinical-prediction-rules-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-a-qualitative-study-in-australia
#5
Joan Kelly, Michele Sterling, Trudy Rebbeck, Aila Nica Bandong, Andrew Leaver, Martin Mackey, Carrie Ritchie
OBJECTIVES: To investigate health practitioners' understanding and practice behaviours with regards to clinical prediction rules (CPRs) and explore their perceptions of adopting a new whiplash CPR. DESIGN: Qualitative study using six semistructured focus groups. SETTING: Primary and secondary care in New South Wales and Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Physiotherapists (n=19), chiropractors (n=6) and osteopaths (n=3) were purposively sampled to include health practitioners who provide routine treatment to people with whiplash-associated disorders...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800209/using-local-clinical-educators-and-shared-resources-to-deliver-simulation-training-activities-across-rural-and-remote-south-australia-and-south-west-victoria-a-distributed-collaborative-model
#6
Stacey C Masters, Sandi Elliott, Sarah Boyd, James A Dunbar
PROBLEM: There is a lack of access to simulation-based education (SBE) for professional entry students (PES) and health professionals at rural and remote locations. DESIGN: A descriptive study. SETTING: Health and education facilities in regional South Australia and south-west Victoria. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: Number of training recipients who participated in SBE; geographical distribution and locations where SBE was delivered; number of rural clinical educators providing SBE...
August 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797228/oncological-outcomes-in-an-australian-cohort-according-to-the-new-prostate-cancer-grading-groupings
#7
K R Beckmann, A D Vincent, M E O'Callaghan, P Cohen, S Chang, M Borg, S M Evans, D M Roder, K L Moretti
BACKGROUND: A new 5-tiered grading grouping system has recently been endorsed for reporting of prostate cancer (PCa) grade to better reflect escalating risk of progression and cancer death. While several validations of the new grade groupings have been undertaken, most have involved centralised pathological review by specialist urological pathologists. METHODS: Participants included 4268 men with non-metastatic PCa diagnosed between 2006 and 2013 from the multi-institutional South Australia Prostate Cancer Clinical Outcomes Collaborative registry...
August 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794497/the-trophic-role-of-a-large-marine-predator-the-tiger-shark-galeocerdo-cuvier
#8
Luciana C Ferreira, Michele Thums, Michael R Heithaus, Adam Barnett, Kátya G Abrantes, Bonnie J Holmes, Lara M Zamora, Ashley J Frisch, Julian G Pepperell, Derek Burkholder, Jeremy Vaudo, Robert Nowicki, Jessica Meeuwig, Mark G Meekan
Tiger sharks were sampled off the western (Ningaloo Reef, Shark Bay) and eastern (the Great Barrier Reef; GBR, Queensland and New South Wales; NSW) coastlines of Australia. Multiple tissues were collected from each shark to investigate the effects of location, size and sex of sharks on δ(13)C and δ(15)N stable isotopes among these locations. Isotopic composition of sharks sampled in reef and seagrass habitats (Shark Bay, GBR) reflected seagrass-based food-webs, whereas at Ningaloo Reef analysis revealed a dietary transition between pelagic and seagrass food-webs...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792421/mass-mortalities-of-unknown-aetiology-in-pacific-oysters-crassostrea-gigas-in-port-stephens-new-south-wales-australia
#9
Jeffrey Go, Ania T Deutscher, Zoe B Spiers, Kirk Dahle, Peter D Kirkland, Cheryl Jenkins
From January to June 2013 and November to January 2014, mass mortalities were reported in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas cultivated in Port Stephens estuary, New South Wales, Australia. In some cases, 100% mortality was reported in both triploid and diploid C. gigas, although native species of oyster cultivated in the same areas remained unaffected. Histological examination of oysters sampled from the time of mortality events revealed consistent but non-specific pathology, involving a diffuse haemocytic infiltrate in the connective tissue surrounding the digestive gland, extending into the mantle in some instances, but no other signs of any infectious aetiological agent...
August 9, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792280/social-stressors-and-intoxicated-sex-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-drawn-from-seven-countries
#10
Anna N Chard, Nicholas S Metheny, Patrick S Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Rates of drug and alcohol use are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general adult male population, and are often associated with increased sexual risk-taking. OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the prevalence of drunk or high sex and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, gay social network size, and social stress among an online sample of MSM drawn from seven countries. METHODS: Sexually-active MSM aged over 18 residing in Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Thailand, the United Kingdom, or the United States were recruited through Facebook for a quantitative survey (n = 2,403) in 2012...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790044/access-3-project-protocol-young-people-and-health-system-navigation-in-the-digital-age-a-multifaceted-mixed-methods-study
#11
Melissa Kang, Fiona Robards, Lena Sanci, Katharine Steinbeck, Stephen Jan, Catherine Hawke, Marlene Kong, Tim Usherwood
BACKGROUND: The integration of digital technology into everyday lives of young people has become widespread. It is not known whether and how technology influences barriers and facilitators to healthcare, and whether and how young people navigate between face-to-face and virtual healthcare. To provide new knowledge essential to policy and practice, we designed a study that would explore health system access and navigation in the digital age. The study objectives are to: (1) describe experiences of young people accessing and navigating the health system in New South Wales (NSW), Australia; (2) identify barriers and facilitators to healthcare for young people and how these vary between groups; (3) describe health system inefficiencies, particularly for young people who are marginalised; (4) provide policy-relevant knowledge translation of the research data...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790038/participate-cp-a-protocol-of-a-randomised-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-a-motivational-and-behaviour-change-therapy-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-through-meaningful-participation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Sarah Elizabeth Reedman, Roslyn N Boyd, Catherine Elliott, Leanne Sakzewski
INTRODUCTION: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) participate in leisure-time physical activities (PA) less often, with less intensity and reduced diversity than their typically developing peers. Participation in leisure-time physical activities may be an important source of habitual physical activity (HPA) for children with CP, who as a group have lower levels of HPA and increased sedentary time compared with their typically developing peers. The proposed study aims to compare the efficacy of a participation focused therapy (ParticiPAte CP) to usual care in a pragmatic, randomised waitlist controlled trial...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789730/iodine-status-of-postpartum-women-and-their-infants-in-australia-after-the-introduction-of-mandatory-iodine-fortification
#13
Dao Huynh, Dominique Condo, Robert Gibson, Beverly Muhlhausler, Philip Ryan, Sheila Skeaff, Maria Makrides, Shao J Zhou
Mandatory I fortification in bread was introduced in Australia in 2009 in response to the re-emergence of biochemical I deficiency based on median urinary I concentration (UIC)<100 µg/l. Data on the I status of lactating mothers and their infants in Australia are scarce. The primary aim of this study was to assess the I status, determined by UIC and breast milk I concentration (BMIC), of breast-feeding mothers in South Australia and UIC of their infants. The secondary aim was to assess the relationship between the I status of mothers and their infants...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781171/first-line-selective-internal-radiotherapy-plus-chemotherapy-versus-chemotherapy-alone-in-patients-with-liver-metastases-from-colorectal-cancer-foxfire-sirflox-and-foxfire-global-a-combined-analysis-of-three-multicentre-randomised-phase-3-trials
#14
Harpreet S Wasan, Peter Gibbs, Navesh K Sharma, Julien Taieb, Volker Heinemann, Jens Ricke, Marc Peeters, Michael Findlay, Andrew Weaver, Jamie Mills, Charles Wilson, Richard Adams, Anne Francis, Joanna Moschandreas, Pradeep S Virdee, Peter Dutton, Sharon Love, Val Gebski, Alastair Gray, Guy van Hazel, Ricky A Sharma
BACKGROUND: Data suggest selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT) in third-line or subsequent therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer has clinical benefit in patients with colorectal liver metastases with liver-dominant disease after chemotherapy. The FOXFIRE, SIRFLOX, and FOXFIRE-Global randomised studies evaluated the efficacy of combining first-line chemotherapy with SIRT using yttrium-90 resin microspheres in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with liver metastases. The studies were designed for combined analysis of overall survival...
August 3, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780552/a-surveillance-study-to-determine-the-accuracy-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-diagnosis-in-an-emergency-department-protocol-for-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Ilaria Pozzato, Ian D Cameron, Susanne Meares, Annette Kifley, Kim Van Vu, Anthony Liang, Mark Gillett, Ashley Craig, Bamini Gopinath
INTRODUCTION: Previous literature confirms that a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may result in long-term emotional impacts and, in vulnerable subgroups, cognitive deficits. The accurate diagnosis of mTBI and its written documentation is an important first step towards providing appropriate and timely clinical care. Surveillance studies involving emergency department (ED) and hospital-based data need to be prioritised as these provide incident mTBI estimates. This project will advance existing research findings by estimating the occurrence of mTBI among those attending an ED and quantifying the accuracy of mTBI diagnoses recorded by ED staff through a comprehensive audit of ED records...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780395/use-of-a-robotic-seal-as-a-therapeutic-tool-to-improve-dementia-symptoms-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Wendy Moyle, Cindy J Jones, Jenny E Murfield, Lukman Thalib, Elizabeth R A Beattie, David K H Shum, Siobhan T O'Dwyer, M Cindy Mervin, Brian M Draper
OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of individual, nonfacilitated sessions with PARO (version 9), when compared against a look-alike plush toy and usual care, on the emotional and behavioral symptoms of dementia for people living in long-term care facilities. DESIGN: Parallel, 3-group, cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted between June 14, 2014, and May 16, 2015. SETTING: Twenty-eight long-term care facilities operated by 20 care organizations located in South-East Queensland, Australia...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777964/a-simple-lead-dust-fall-method-predicts-children-s-blood-lead-level-new-evidence-from-australia
#17
Brian Gulson, Alan Taylor
We have measured dust fall accumulation in petri dishes (PDD) collected 6 monthly from inside residences in Sydney urban area, New South Wales, Australia as part of a 5-year longitudinal study to determine environmental associations, including soil. with blood lead (PbB) levels. The Pb loading in the dishes (n = 706) had geometric means (GM) of 24µg/m(2)/30d, a median value of 22µg/m(2)/30d with a range from 0.2 to 11,390µg/m(2)/30d. Observed geometric mean PbB was 2.4µg/dL at ages 2-3 years. Regression analyses showed a statistically significant relationship between predicted PbB and PDD...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775191/feasibility-acceptability-and-diagnostic-test-accuracy-of-frailty-screening-instruments-in-community-dwelling-older-people-within-the-australian-general-practice-setting-a-study-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Rachel Ambagtsheer, Renuka Visvanathan, Matteo Cesari, Solomon Yu, Mandy Archibald, Timothy Schultz, Jonathon Karnon, Alison Kitson, Justin Beilby
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is one of the most challenging aspects of population ageing due to its association with increased risk of poor health outcomes and quality of life. General practice provides an ideal setting for the prevention and management of frailty via the implementation of preventive measures such as early identification through screening. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Our study will evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and diagnostic test accuracy of several screening instruments in diagnosing frailty among community-dwelling Australians aged 75+ years who have recently made an appointment to see their general practitioner (GP)...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771159/verification-of-an-alternative-sludge-treatment-process-for-pathogen-reduction-at-two-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-victoria-australia
#19
R Irwin, A Surapaneni, D Smith, J Schmidt, H Rigby, S R Smith
At South East Water wastewater treatment plants (WwTPs) in Victoria, Australia, biosolids are stockpiled for three years in compliance with the State guidelines to achieve the highest pathogen reduction grade (T1), suitable for unrestricted use in agriculture and landscaping. However, extended stockpiling is costly, may increase odour nuisance and greenhouse gas emissions, and reduces the fertiliser value of the biosolids. A verification programme of sampling and analysis for enteric pathogens was conducted at two WwTPs where sludge is treated by aerobic and anaerobic digestion, air drying (in drying pans or solar drying sheds) and stockpiling, to enumerate and, if present, monitor the decay of a range of enteric pathogens and parasites...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769695/the-collection-of-bathynellacea-specimens-of-mncn-csic-madrid-microscope-slices-and-dna-extract
#20
Ana I Camacho, Beatriz A Dorda, Begoña Sánchez Chillón, Isabel Rey
This is the first published database of a Bathynellacea Chappuis, 1915 collection of slices and DNA extracts. It includes all data of bathynellaceans (Crustacea: Syncarida) collected in the last 48 years (1968 to 2016) on the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands, studied since 1984. It also includes specimens studied across many countries of Europe (Portugal, Romania, France, Italy, Slovenia, Bulgaria, and England), as well as some specimens obtained from samples of North America (Montana, Washington, Alaska and Texas), South America (Brazil, Chile and Argentina), Asia (China, Thailand, Vietnam, Mongolia and India), Africa (Morocco and Chad) and Australia (New South Wales -NSW- and Queensland)...
2017: ZooKeys
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