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Prostate Health Index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310978/bowel-and-urinary-quality-of-life-after-whole-pelvic-versus-prostate-only-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#1
Kentaro Ishii, Toshiko Yamanaga, Ryo Ogino, Yukinari Hosokawa, Shun Kishimoto, Ryuta Nakahara, Chiaki Shimada, Ryu Kawamorita, Takuhito Tada, Yoshiki Hayashi, Toshifumi Nakajima
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare bowel and urinary health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between prostate-only (PO) volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and whole-pelvis (WP) VMAT in patients with localized prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 234 patients treated with definitive VMAT to 78 Gy in 39 fractions were enrolled. Of these, 108 patients received PO-VMAT and 126 patients received initial WP-VMAT to 46.8 Gy in 26 fractions using a simultaneous integrated boost technique...
November 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304991/a-multi-institutional-phase-2-trial-of-prostate-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-sbrt-using-continuous-real-time-evaluation-of-prostate-motion-with-patient-reported-quality-of-life
#2
William C Jackson, Robert T Dess, Dale W Litzenberg, Pin Li, Matthew Schipper, Seth A Rosenthal, Garrick C Chang, Eric M Horwitz, Robert A Price, Jeff M Michalski, Hiram A Gay, John T Wei, Mary Feng, Felix Y Feng, Howard M Sandler, Robert E Wallace, Daniel E Spratt, Daniel A Hamstra
PURPOSE: The use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for prostate cancer has been reported predominantly from single institutional studies, although concerns for broader adoption exist. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2011 through 2013, 66 men were accrued to a phase 2 trial at 5 centers. SBRT consisted of 5 fractions of 7.4 Gy to a total dose of 37 Gy using conventional linear accelerators. Electromagnetic transponders were used for motion management. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) was evaluated via the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite 26 questionnaire...
January 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304808/prospective-longitudinal-outcomes-of-quality-of-life-after-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-compared-with-retropubic-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Katsuyoshi Hashine, Toshio Kakuda, Shunsuke Iuchi, Tadanori Hosokawa, Iku Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in Japanese patients. The aim of this study is to assess changes in HRQOL during 36 months after LRP compared with retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: The subjects were 105 consecutive patients treated with LRP between 2011 and 2012. HRQOL was evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Medical Outcome Study 8-Items Short Form Health Survey (SF-8), and Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 12 and 36 months after surgery...
January 5, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302582/secondary-primary-prostate-cancer-after-colorectal-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-korea
#4
Hyun Soo Kim, Yoon Jin Choi, Dong Woo Shin, Kyung-Do Han, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) and prostate cancer frequently occur in developed countries. There are several reports on the association between CRC and prostate cancer; however, the conclusions are inconsistent to investigate the association of the development of secondary primary prostate cancer among patients with prior primary CRC using a nationwide population-based dataset. Methods: Patients registered in the Republic of Korea National Health Insurance System database who were diagnosed with CRC between 2007 and 2012 were followed-up until the end of 2015, and we investigated the new diagnosis secondary primary prostate cancer...
December 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273095/acupuncture-for-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Zongshi Qin, Yan Liu, Kehua Zhou, Jiani Wu, Ran Pang, Ning Li, Chang Xu, Joey S W Kwong, Zhishun Liu
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common condition affecting men of all ages. Acupuncture may be an effective treatment option for CP/CPPS, but evidence is limited. We propose to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture in a rigorously conducted trial. METHODS: Ten hospitals will recruit 440 participants with CP/CPPS in China from October 2017 to December 2019. Participants will be randomly allocated to acupuncture or sham acupuncture with a 1:1 ratio using computerized simple random sampling...
December 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237653/do-psychological-harms-result-from-being-labelled-with-an-unexpected-diagnosis-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-or-prostate-cancer-through-screening-a-systematic-review
#6
Anne R Cotter, Kim Vuong, Linda L Mustelin, Yi Yang, Malika Rakhmankulova, Colleen J Barclay, Russell P Harris
OBJECTIVE: A potential psychological harm of screening is unexpected diagnosis-labelling. We need to know the frequency and severity of this harm to make informed decisions about screening. We asked whether current evidence allows an estimate of any psychological harm of labelling. As case studies, we used two conditions for which screening is common: prostate cancer (PCa) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). DESIGN: Systematic review with narrative synthesis. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We searched the English language literature in PubMed, PsychINFO and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) for research of any design published between 1 January 2002 and 23 January 2017 that provided valid data about the psychological state of people recently diagnosed with early stage PCa or AAA...
December 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232037/incorporating-prostate-health-index-density-mri-and-prior-negative-biopsy-status-to-improve-the-detection-of-clinically-significant-prostate-cancer
#7
Sasha C Druskin, Jeffrey J Tosoian, Allen Young, Sarah Collica, Arnav Srivastava, Kamyar Ghabili, Katarzyna J Macura, Ballentine H Carter, Alan W Partin, Lori J Sokoll, Ashley E Ross, Christian P Pavlovich
OBJECTIVES: To determine the performance of Prostate Health Index (PHI) density (PHID) combined with MRI and prior negative biopsy (PNB) status for the diagnosis of clinically-significant prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS & METHODS: Patients without a prior diagnosis of PCa, with elevated PSA and a normal digital rectal exam who had PHI testing prospectively prior to prostate biopsy were included. PHID was calculated retrospectively using prostate volume derived from transrectal ultrasound at biopsy...
December 12, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231344/-the-effect-of-drug-oil-moxibustion-for-contents-of-zinc-and-c-reactive-protein-in-succus-prostaticus-of-chronic-nonbacterial-prostatitis
#8
Wenjun Ma, Qinglin Hu, Lei Diao, Youjin Cai, Jun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects differences and partial mechanism for chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (CNP) among drug oil moxibustion, simple moxibustion, and conventional western medicine. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who met the criteria of inclusion were randomly assigned into a drug oil moxibustion group, a moxibustion group and a western medication group, 40 cases in each one. Moxibustion was used at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Yinlingquan (SP 9), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenshu (BL 23), Mingmen (GV 4), Pangguangshu (BL 28), Ciliao (BL 32), and Zhibian (BL 54), etc...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219783/diet-and-other-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-prostate-cancer-differ-between-the-german-and-italian-region-of-switzerland
#9
Aline Richard, David Faeh, Matthias Bopp, Sabine Rohrmann
PURPOSE: In Switzerland, prostate cancer mortality is higher in the German than in the Italian-speaking region. We aimed at exploring the association of living in one of the two regions with lifestyle factors presumably lowering the risk of prostate cancer. METHODS: We pooled data from the Swiss Health Survey, conducted every 5 years 1992 - 2012. Information on diet (meat, fish, dairy, fruits and vegetables), alcohol, smoking, physical activity and body mass index were dichotomized into "risky" and "risk-reducing" lifestyle behaviour with respect to prostate cancer...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217211/mediating-effects-of-cancer-risk-factors-on-the-association-between-race-and-cancer-incidence-analysis-of-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#10
Tomi Akinyemiju, Justin Xavier Moore, Maria Pisu
PURPOSE: Racial disparities exist in the prevalence of cancer-related risk factors and incidence of cancer. The objective of this study is to determine if cancer-related risk factors mediate the association between race and cancer incidence. METHODS: We performed prospective analysis of data from the National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons Diet and Health Study, years 1995 through 2011. We compared differences in baseline characteristics between black and white participants using χ2 tests and Wilcoxon tests, as appropriate...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213105/preoperative-prostate-health-index-predicts-poor-pathologic-outcomes-of-radical-prostatectomy-in-patients-with-biopsy-detected-low-risk-patients-prostate-cancer-results-from-a-chinese-prospective-cohort
#11
Bo Tang, Cheng-Tao Han, Xiao-Lin Lu, Fang-Ning Wan, Cui-Zhu Zhang, Yao Zhu, Ding-Wei Ye
OBJECTIVE: To determine the performance of the prostate health index (PHI) in predicting pathologic outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) in Chinese patients with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: Of all consecutive patients who underwent RP in one tertiary center from September 2013 to January 2017, we prospectively examined the data of 140 patients with low-risk PCa based on the Prostate Cancer Research International: Active Surveillance (PRIAS) criteria...
December 6, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194691/mediterranean-diet-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-and-urinary-and-sexual-functioning-the-health-professionals-follow-up-study
#12
Scott R Bauer, Erin L Van Blarigan, Meir J Stampfer, June M Chan, Stacey A Kenfield
BACKGROUND: Men with prostate cancer often experience urinary and sexual dysfunction after treatment. Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between dietary factors and these symptoms among men with diabetes or metabolic syndrome. However, there are limited data on whether diet after prostate cancer diagnosis, including a Mediterranean dietary pattern, affects urinary and sexual function among prostate cancer survivors. METHODS: Men diagnosed with non-metastatic prostate cancer in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (n = 2960) from 1986 to 2012 were prospectively followed for a median of 8...
December 1, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187408/review-of-systematic-reviews-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors
#13
Morvwen Duncan, Elisavet Moschopoulou, Eldrid Herrington, Jennifer Deane, Rebecca Roylance, Louise Jones, Liam Bourke, Adrienne Morgan, Trudie Chalder, Mohamed A Thaha, Stephanie C Taylor, Ania Korszun, Peter D White, Kamaldeep Bhui
OBJECTIVES: Over two million people in the UK are living with and beyond cancer. A third report diminished quality of life. DESIGN: A review of published systematic reviews to identify effective non-pharmacological interventions to improve the quality of life of cancer survivors. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched until May 2017 included PubMed, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184791/comprehensive-pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-program-for-men-with-idiopathic-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#14
Thomas A Masterson, John M Masterson, Jessica Azzinaro, Lattoya Manderson, Sanjaya Swain, Ranjith Ramasamy
Background: Male chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a heterogeneous constellation of symptoms that causes significant impairment and is often challenging to treat. In this prospective study, we evaluated men with CPPS who underwent comprehensive pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) program. We used the previously validated Genitourinary Pain Index (GUPI) to measure outcomes. Methods: We included 14 men who underwent physical therapy for idiopathic CPPS from October 2015 to October 2016...
October 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183006/health-related-quality-of-life-in-536-long-term-prostate-cancer-survivors-after-treatment-with-leuprorelin-acetate-a-combined-retrospective-and-prospective-analysis
#15
Peter G Hammerer, Manfred P Wirth
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of long-term prostate cancer patients who received leuprorelin acetate in microcapsules (LAM) for androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: The observational study was carried out by 30 office-based German urologists in 536 prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated for ≥5 years with LAM and in 116 patients of an age-matched control group (CG). Data on HRQoL and health status was collected prospectively using validated questionnaires QLQ-C30, QLQ-PR25 and Karnofsky Index...
November 25, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158509/clinical-utility-of-the-prostate-health-index-phi-for-biopsy-decision-management-in-a-large-group-urology-practice-setting
#16
Jay White, B Vittal Shenoy, Ronald F Tutrone, Lawrence I Karsh, Daniel R Saltzstein, William J Harmon, Dennis L Broyles, Tamra E Roddy, Lori R Lofaro, Carly J Paoli, Dwight Denham, Mark A Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Deciding when to biopsy a man with non-suspicious DRE findings and tPSA in the 4-10 ng/ml range can be challenging, because two-thirds of such biopsies are typically found to be benign. The Prostate Health Index (phi) exhibits significantly improved diagnostic accuracy for prostate cancer detection when compared to tPSA and %fPSA, however only one published study to date has investigated its impact on biopsy decisions in clinical practice. METHODS: An IRB approved observational study was conducted at four large urology group practices using a physician reported two-part questionnaire...
November 20, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153462/health-related-quality-of-life-and-toxicity-after-single-fraction-19%C3%A2-gy-high-dose-rate-prostate-brachytherapy-phase-ii-trial
#17
Alfonso Gomez-Iturriaga, Francisco Casquero, Jose Ignacio Pijoan, Pablo Minguez, Jose Maria Espinosa, Ana Irasarri, Andrea Bueso, Jon Cacicedo, David Buchser, Pedro Bilbao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, tolerance and impact on health-related-quality-of-life (HRQoL) of the high-dose-rate brachytherapy of 19 Gy (BRT-HDR-19 Gy) single fraction in prostate cancer. METHODS: From January 2014 to July 2016, 43 patients with low/intermediate risk were treated with BRT-HDR-19 Gy. The patients were monitored prospectively for toxicity and HRQoL. RESULTS: The median age, initial PSA and the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) were 71 years (55-78), 7...
November 15, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141559/new-histopathological-genetic-features-to-improve-active-surveillance-selection-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer
#18
Lih-Ming Wong, Kevin Chu, Niall Corcoran, Sam Norden
BACKGROUND: A recent surge in biomarkers to aid management of men with prostate cancer has occurred. Their applications are varied and not all tests are applicable to the active surveillance setting. OBJECTIVE: To review primary evidence on genetic and immunohistochemical biomarkers, and their role on patient selection and risk stratification for men on active surveillance for prostate cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed electronic search using the terms (biomarker or genetic or histopathological) AND ("prostate cancer" AND "active surveillance") was performed from inception to April 2015...
November 13, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128730/socio-economic-inequalities-in-the-incidence-of-four-common-cancers-a-population-based-registry-study
#19
E J Tweed, G M Allardice, P McLoone, D S Morrison
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between socio-economic circumstances and cancer incidence in Scotland in recent years. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based study using cancer registry data. METHODS: Data on incident cases of colorectal, lung, female breast, and prostate cancer diagnosed between 2001 and 2012 were obtained from a population-based cancer registry covering a population of approximately 2.5 million people in the West of Scotland...
November 10, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124247/chlamydia-trachomatis-versus-common-uropathogens-as-a-cause-of-chronic-bacterial-prostatitis-is-there-any-difference-results-of-a-prospective-parallel-cohort-study
#20
Tommaso Cai, Francesca Pisano, Gabriella Nesi, Vittorio Magri, Paolo Verze, Gianpaolo Perletti, Paolo Gontero, Vincenzo Mirone, Riccardo Bartoletti
Purpose: The role of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection in chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) is well known. What is unclear is whether there are any differences in the course or clinical outcome of the disease when the cause is CT or other uropathogens. Materials and Methods: A series of 311 patients affected by CBP due to CT (cohort A) was compared with a group of 524 patients affected by CBP caused by common uropathogen bacteria (cohort B). All participants completed the following questionnaires: National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index, International Prostate Symptom Score, International Index of Erectile Function-15 erectile function domain (IIEF-15-EFD), Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT), and the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
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