keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

First Major Depressive Episode

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241358/criticisms-of-kraepelin-s-psychiatric-nosology-1896-1927
#1
Kenneth S Kendler, Eric J Engstrom
Emil Kraepelin's psychiatric nosology, proposed in the 5th and 6th editions of his textbook published in 1896 and 1899, did not quickly gain worldwide acceptance, but was instead met with substantial and sustained criticism. The authors review critiques of Kraepelin's work published in his lifetime by Adolf Meyer, Friedrich Jolly, Eugenio Tanzi, Alfred Hoche, Karl Jaspers, and Willy Hellpach. These critics made six major points. First, Kraepelin's new categories of dementia praecox and manic-depressive insanity were too broad and too heterogeneous...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240527/depressive-symptom-prevalence-and-predictors-in-the-first-half-of-pregnancy
#2
Patricia Anne Kinser, Leroy R Thacker, Dana Lapato, Sara Wagner, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Lisa Jobe-Shields, Ananda Amstadter, Timothy P York
INTRODUCTION: Major depression during the peripartum (MDP) period carries significant public health impact due to the potential adverse effects on maternal, infant, and family outcomes. METHODS: As part of a larger longitudinal study, this cross-sectional observational study sought to build upon the current literature on the prevalence and predictors of depression in the early second trimester of pregnancy, as related to generally accepted risk factors and other less explored risk factors...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238395/cognitive-dysfunction-in-asian-patients-with-depression-cogdad-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Srisurapanont Manit, Mok Yee Ming, Yang Yen Kuang, Chan Herng-Nieng, Della Constantine D, Zainal Nor Zuraida, Jambunathan Stephen, Amir Nurmiati, Kalita Pranabi
Background: Cognitive dysfunction is a predominant symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), contributing to functional impairment. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to assess and describe perceived cognitive dysfunction amongst Asian patients diagnosed with MDD. The secondary objective was to explore the associations between depression severity, perceived cognitive dysfunction and functional disability. Methods: This was a multi-country, multi-centre, cross-sectional study...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228516/refining-prediction-in-treatment-resistant-depression-results-of-machine-learning-analyses-in-the-trd-iii-sample
#4
Alexander Kautzky, Markus Dold, Lucie Bartova, Marie Spies, Thomas Vanicek, Daniel Souery, Stuart Montgomery, Julien Mendlewicz, Joseph Zohar, Chiara Fabbri, Alessandro Serretti, Rupert Lanzenberger, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to generate a prediction model for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) using machine learning featuring a large set of 47 clinical and sociodemographic predictors of treatment outcome. METHOD: 552 Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) according to DSM-IV criteria were enrolled between 2011 and 2016. TRD was defined as failure to reach response to antidepressant treatment, characterized by a Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score below 22 after at least 2 antidepressant trials of adequate length and dosage were administered...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228458/seeing-the-signs-using-the-course-of-residual-depressive-symptomatology-to-predict-patterns-of-relapse-and-recurrence-of-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Floor E A Verhoeven, Klaas J Wardenaar, Henricus G Eric Ruhé, Henk Jan Conradi, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by high relapse/recurrence rates. Predicting individual patients' relapse/recurrence risk has proven hard, possibly due to course heterogeneity among patients. This study aimed to (1) identify homogeneous data-driven subgroups with different patterns of relapse/recurrence and (2) identify associated predictors. METHODS: For a year, we collected weekly depressive symptom ratings in 213 primary care MDD patients...
December 11, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209374/mental-health-assessment-of-south-korean-adults-on-probation
#6
Soungwan Kim, Bongseog Kim
Objective: The association of offender mental illness (including those on probation) with crime has long been the subject of social interest; however, systematic management has been insufficient. The study purpose was to analyze mental illness prevalence, proportion of first offenses and recidivism with the mental illness of those on probation. Methods: A total of 206 adults on probation were divided into groups (first offenders and repeat offenders) and they completed self-report instruments and clinical interviews designed to diagnose mental illness...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206826/-response-to-serotonergic-and-noradrenergic-antidepressants-a-crossover-study-of-fluoxetine-and-desipramine-in-patients-with-first-major-depression-episode
#7
José Alfonso Ontiveros-Sánchez de la Barquera
BACKGROUND: Response rate data from studies with different kinds of antidepressant drugs help in the development of guidelines for the rational prescription of pharmacotherapy. However, there are still few comparative studies with selective reuptake inhibition on serotonin or norepinephrine in the same sample of major depression patients. METHODS: First episode major depression (DSM-III-R) outpatients who completed 6 weeks in two double-blind randomized trials with fluoxetine and desipramine were crossed over to treatment with the other drug under open conditions for 6 weeks...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200569/misidentification-of-wilson-disease-as-schizophrenia-1998-2013-case-report-and-review
#8
Forouzan Elyasi
Wilson's disease (WD) is a neurodegenerative disorder due to copper metabolism. Schizophrenia-like psychosis and delusional disorder are rare forms of psychiatric manifestations of WD. The lack of recognition of these signs and symptoms as being attributable to WD often leads to delays in diagnosis and management. Knowledge about relationship of the psychiatric manifestations to WD can help with the administration of adequate management aimed at both the psychiatric issues and underlying WD. The objectives of this article are to review case reports whose subject is the incorrect diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like syndrome in patients with WD and to detail one case of this mismanagement of the disease...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197234/identifying-risk-factors-for-first-episode-neck-pain-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca Kim, Colin Wiest, Kelly Clark, Chad Cook, Maggie Horn
Neck pain affects 15.1% of the United States' general population every 3 months, and ranks fourth in global disability. Because of the tendency for neck pain to become a chronic issue, it is important to identify risk factors that could encourage prevention and early diagnosis. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify risk factors for a first episode of neck pain. Three databases were searched with key words such as "neck pain" and "first incidence." Risk factors from the resulting articles were reported as either a physical or psychosocial risk factor and ranked by the strength of their odds/risk/hazard ratio: <1...
November 22, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#10
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172599/negative-cognitive-style-interacts-with-negative-life-events-to-predict-first-onset-of-a-major-depressive-episode-in-adolescence-via-hopelessness
#11
Naoise Mac Giollabhui, Jessica L Hamilton, Johanna Nielsen, Samantha L Connolly, Jonathan P Stange, Sean Varga, Evan Burdette, Thomas M Olino, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
The hopelessness theory of depression is a prominent account of depression that posits that individuals with a negative inferential style are more likely to become hopeless when they experience negative life events (NLEs) and that hopelessness is a proximal cause of depression. There is strong evidence supporting the role of a negative inferential style in the pathogenesis of major depression; however, substantially less is known about the proposed role played by hopelessness. The cornerstone hypothesis of hopelessness theory, that hopelessness is a proximal cause of major depression, is largely untested...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156364/pattern-recognition-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-gray-matter-volume-measurements-classifies-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Harry Rubin-Falcone, Francesca Zanderigo, Binod Thapa-Chhetry, Martin Lan, Jeffrey M Miller, M Elizabeth Sublette, Maria A Oquendo, David J Hellerstein, Patrick J McGrath, Johnathan W Stewart, J John Mann
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) cannot be reliably distinguished from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) until the first manic or hypomanic episode. Consequently, many patients with BD are treated with antidepressants without mood stabilizers, a strategy that is often ineffective and carries a risk of inducing a manic episode. We previously reported reduced cortical thickness in right precuneus, right caudal middle-frontal cortex and left inferior parietal cortex in BD compared with MDD...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150233/management-of-first-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-episode-in-adults-in-primary-care-a-systematic-metareview
#13
Damien Driot, Michel Bismuth, Adrien Maurel, Julie Soulie-Albouy, Jordan Birebent, Stéphane Oustric, Julie Dupouy
CONTEXT: General Practitioners (GPs) are the leading antidepressants prescribers in Europe and in France. Difficulties in implementing existing recommendations in daily practice have been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elaborate two algorithms to guide GPs in the patient management for a first major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) episode in primary care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were explored using mainly the following keywords: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, antidepressive agents or antidepressant...
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143911/decreased-interhemispheric-coordination-in-the-posterior-default-mode-network-and-visual-regions-as-trait-alterations-in-first-episode-drug-naive-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Wenbin Guo, Xilong Cui, Feng Liu, Jindong Chen, Guangrong Xie, Renrong Wu, Zhikun Zhang, Huafu Chen, Xiangyang Zhang, Jingping Zhao
Decreased homotopic connectivity has been implicated in the neurophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) with inconsistent findings. A combination of clinical and methodological variabilities may account for the inconsistency, and thus limiting the reproducibility of the findings. The present study aims to examine voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) alterations in two independent samples of patients with first-episode, drug-naive MDD. The samples included 59 patients and 31 controls from Sample 1 and 29 patients and 24 controls from Sample 2...
November 16, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118724/alternations-of-white-matter-structural-networks-in-first-episode-untreated-major-depressive-disorder-with-short-duration
#15
Yi Lu, Zonglin Shen, Yuqi Cheng, Hui Yang, Bo He, Yue Xie, Liang Wen, Zhenguang Zhang, Xuejin Sun, Wei Zhao, Xiufeng Xu, Dan Han
It is crucial to explore the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) at the early stage for the better diagnostic and treatment strategies. It was suggested that MDD might be involving in functional or structural alternations at the brain network level. However, at the onset of MDD, whether the whole brain white matter (WM) alterations at network level are already evident still remains unclear. In the present study, diffusion MRI scanning was adopt to depict the unique WM structural network topology across the entire brain at the early stage of MDD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108524/clinical-predictors-of-conversion-to-bipolar-disorder-in-a-prospective-longitudinal-familial-high-risk-sample-focus-on-depressive-features
#16
Andrew Frankland, Gloria Roberts, Ellen Holmes-Preston, Tania Perich, Florence Levy, Rhoshel Lenroot, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Michael Breakspear, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Identifying clinical features that predict conversion to bipolar disorder (BD) in those at high familial risk (HR) would assist in identifying a more focused population for early intervention. METHOD: In total 287 participants aged 12-30 (163 HR with a first-degree relative with BD and 124 controls (CONs)) were followed annually for a median of 5 years. We used the baseline presence of DSM-IV depressive, anxiety, behavioural and substance use disorders, as well as a constellation of specific depressive symptoms (as identified by the Probabilistic Approach to Bipolar Depression) to predict the subsequent development of hypo/manic episodes...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107199/kindling-epileptogenesis-and-panic-like-behavior-their-bidirectional-connection-and-contribution-to-epilepsy-associated-depression
#17
Jesús-Servando Medel-Matus, Don Shin, Raman Sankar, Andrey Mazarati
Anxiety is one of the most common comorbidities of epilepsy, which has major detrimental effects on the quality of life. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) associated with epilepsy has been receiving most attention. However, several other forms of anxiety reportedly present in patients with epilepsy, including panic disorder (PD). In this study, using an animal model of limbic epilepsy, we examined the interplay between epilepsy and panic-like behavior (PLB). Further, considering the high degree of comorbidity between depression on the one hand, and both epilepsy and PD on the other hand, we studied whether and how the presence of PLB in animals with epilepsy would affect their performance in depression-relevant tests...
October 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#18
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100149/predictors-of-treatment-outcome-in-depression-in-later-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Chavit Tunvirachaisakul, Rebecca L Gould, Mark C Coulson, Emma V Ward, Gemma Reynolds, Rebecca L Gathercole, Hannah Grocott, Thitiporn Supasitthumrong, Athicha Tunvirachaisakul, Kate Kimona, Robert J Howard
BACKGROUND: Predictor analyses of late-life depression can be used to identify variables associated with outcomes of treatments, and hence ways of tailoring specific treatments to patients. The aim of this review was to systematically identify, review and meta-analyse predictors of outcomes of any type of treatment for late-life depression. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science and PsycINFO were searched for studies published up to December 2016. Primary and secondary studies reported treatment predictors from randomised controlled trials of any treatment for patients with major depressive disorder aged over 60 were included...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098645/neurocognitive-graphs-of-first-episode-schizophrenia-and-major-depression-based-on-cognitive-features
#20
Sugai Liang, Roberto Vega, Xiangzhen Kong, Wei Deng, Qiang Wang, Xiaohong Ma, Mingli Li, Xun Hu, Andrew J Greenshaw, Russell Greiner, Tao Li
Neurocognitive deficits are frequently observed in patients with schizophrenia and major depressive disorder (MDD). The relations between cognitive features may be represented by neurocognitive graphs based on cognitive features, modeled as Gaussian Markov random fields. However, it is unclear whether it is possible to differentiate between phenotypic patterns associated with the differential diagnosis of schizophrenia and depression using this neurocognitive graph approach. In this study, we enrolled 215 first-episode patients with schizophrenia (FES), 125 with MDD, and 237 demographically-matched healthy controls (HCs)...
November 2, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
keyword
keyword
27523
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"