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Nursing SA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917777/the-identification-and-treatment-of-women-with-hyperglycaemia-in-pregnancy-an-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-systematic-reviews-meta-analyses-and-an-economic-evaluation
#1
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Susan Griffin, Ana Duarte, Debbie A Lawlor, Mark Sculpher, Lesley Fairley, Su Golder, Derek Tuffnell, Martin Bland, Fidelma Dunne, Donald Whitelaw, John Wright, Trevor A Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a higher risk of important adverse outcomes. Practice varies and the best strategy for identifying and treating GDM is unclear. AIM: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies for identifying and treating women with GDM. METHODS: We analysed individual participant data (IPD) from birth cohorts and conducted systematic reviews to estimate the association of maternal glucose levels with adverse perinatal outcomes; GDM prevalence; maternal characteristics/risk factors for GDM; and the effectiveness and costs of treatments...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917771/socioeconomic-and-modifiable-predictors-of-blood-pressure-control-for-hypertension-in-primary-care-attenders-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#2
N Folb, M O Bachmann, E D Bateman, K Steyn, N S Levitt, V Timmerman, C Lombard, T A Gaziano, L R Fairall
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status is associated with the risk of hypertension. There are few reports of the effect of socioeconomic and potentially modifiable factors on the control of hypertension in South Africa (SA). OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between patients' socio-economic status and characteristics of primary healthcare facilities, and control and treatment of blood pressure in hypertensive patients. METHODS: We enrolled hypertensive patients attending 38 public sector primary care clinics in the Western Cape, SA, in 2011, and followed them up 14 months later as part of a randomised controlled trial...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819483/the-effects-of-the-music-with-movement-intervention-on-the-cognitive-functions-of-people-with-moderate-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Daphne Sze Ki Cheung, Claudia Kam Yuk Lai, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Mason Chin Pang Leung
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the six-week music-with-movement (MM) intervention, as compared with music listening (ML) and social activity (SA), on the cognitive functions of people with moderate dementia over time. METHODS: A multi-center randomized controlled trial was conducted on 165 nursing home residents with moderate dementia. The MM intervention protocol was developed based on a critical literature review, and tested in three rounds of pilot studies before undergoing testing in this study...
November 7, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793143/urban-rural-and-geographic-differences-in-overweight-and-obesity-in-four-sub-saharan-african-adult-populations-a-multi-country-cross-sectional-study
#4
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Clement Adebamowo, Hans-Olov Adami, Shona Dalal, Megan B Diamond, Francis Bajunirwe, David Guwatudde, Marina Njelekela, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, Faraja S Chiwanga, Jimmy Volmink, Robert Kalyesubula, Carien Laurence, Todd G Reid, Douglas Dockery, David Hemenway, Donna Spiegelman, Michelle D Holmes
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are on the rise in developing countries including sub-Saharan Africa. We undertook a four-country survey to show the collective burden of these health conditions as they occur currently in sub-Saharan Africa and to determine the differences between urban and rural populations and other socio-economic factors. METHODS: Participants were nurses in two hospitals in Nigeria (200), school teachers in South Africa (489) and Tanzania (229), and village residents in one peri-urban (297) and one rural location in Uganda (200) who completed a standardised questionnaire...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783725/nurses-performance-on-indigenous-and-african-brazilian-health-care-practices
#5
Maria do Rosário de Araújo Lima, Maria Luísa de Almeida Nunes, Berta Lúcia Pinheiro Klüppel, Soraya Maria de Medeiros, Lenilde Duarte de Sá
Objective: to analyze the performance of nurses from the Estratégia Saúde da Família (Family Health Strategy) on health care practices rooted in African and Indigenous cultures. Methods: Thematic Oral History was used and interviews were conducted with seven participants, who worked with Primary Health Care in Northeastern Brazil. The analysis was based on Leininger's Theory of Cultural Care and the intercultural concept of human rights, among others. Results: nurses are unaware of the religious and historical context of the ethnic groups cared for and do not appreciate their self-care practices in areas with a predominance of African and indigenous cultures...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707825/patients-estimations-of-the-importance-of-preventive-health-services-a-nationwide-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-portugal
#6
Luísa Sá, Orquídea Ribeiro, Luís Filipe Azevedo, Luciana Couto, Altamiro Costa-Pereira, Alberto Hespanhol, Paulo Santos, Carlos Martins
OBJECTIVES: To determine, in the context of primary care preventive health services, the level of importance that Portuguese patients attribute to different preventive activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary Healthcare, Portugal. PARTICIPANTS: 1000 Portuguese adults selected by a stratified cluster sampling design were invited to participate in a computer-assisted telephone survey. Persons with a cognitive or physical disability that hampered the ability to complete a telephone interview and being a nursing home resident or resident in any other type of collective dwelling were excluded...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596110/screening-for-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Marian E Betz, Sarah A Arias, Daniel L Segal, Ivan Miller, Carlos A Camargo, Edwin D Boudreaux
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of self-harm, suicidal ideation (SI), and suicide attempts (SA) in older adults in the emergency department (ED), including differences according to age, sex, and race and ethnicity. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, multiphase, eight-center study with prospective review of consecutive charts during enrollment shifts (November 2011-December 2014). SETTING: Eight EDs in seven states, all with protocols for nurses to screen every patient for suicide risk (universal screening)...
October 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574556/academic-hospital-staff-compliance-with-a-fecal-immunochemical-test-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-program
#8
Georgia Vlachonikolou, Paraskevas Gkolfakis, Athanasios D Sioulas, Ioannis S Papanikolaou, Anastasia Melissaratou, Giannis-Aimant Moustafa, Eleni Xanthopoulou, Gerasimos Tsilimidos, Ioanna Tsironi, Paraskevas Filippidis, Chrysoula Malli, George D Dimitriadis, Konstantinos Triantafyllou
AIM: To measure the compliance of an Academic Hospital staff with a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program using fecal immunochemical test (FIT). METHODS: All employees of "Attikon" University General Hospital aged over 50 years were thoroughly informed by a team of physicians and medical students about the study aims and they were invited to undergo CRC screening using two rounds of FIT (DyoniFOB(®) Combo H, DyonMed SA, Athens, Greece). The tests were provided for free and subjects tested positive were subsequently referred for colonoscopy...
August 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524106/efficiency-in-the-emergency-department-a-complex-relationship-between-throughput-rates-and-staff-perceptions
#9
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Henna Hasson, Sa Muntlin Athlin
INTRODUCTION: It is well known that emergency departments (EDs) suffer from crowding and throughput challenges, which make the ED a challenging workplace. However, the interplay between the throughput of patients and how staff experience work is seldom studied. The aim of this study was to investigate whether staff experience of work (efficiency, work-related efforts and rewards, and quantity and quality of work) differs between days with low and high patient throughput rates. METHOD: Throughput times were collected from electronic medical records and staff (n=252 individuals, mainly nurses) ratings in daily questionnaires over a total of six weeks...
August 11, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364174/prevalence-of-cannabis-and-cocaine-consumption-in-french-fishermen-in-south-atlantic-region-in-2012-2013-and-its-policy-consequences
#10
Emmanuel Fort, Thierry Lassiège, Alain Bergeret
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of cannabis and cocaine among fishermen followed in occupational medicine in the ports of Aquitaine and Charente-Maritime (Direction interrégionale de la mer Sud-Atlantique [DIRM-SA]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thousand fishermen could be recruited during medical regulatory examination by the occupational physicians and nurses of Occupational Health Department for Seamen. RESULTS: About 20% of fishermen were former smokers...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271024/effectiveness-of-very-early-workplace-interventions-to-reduce-sickness-absence-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#11
Sergio Vargas-Prada, Evangelia Demou, Drushca Lalloo, Ione Avila-Palencia, Kaveh A Sanati, Maite Sampere, Kerry Freer, Consol Serra, Ewan B Macdonald
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to investigate the effectiveness of workplace return-to-work (RTW) interventions delivered at very early stages (<15 days) of sickness absence (SA). METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Health Management Information Consortium (HMIC), Cochrane library database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsychInfo and Embase. Using pre-established criteria, independent pairs of researchers carried out the study selection, quality appraisal and data extraction...
July 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162112/prevalence-of-strangulation-in-survivors-of-sexual-assault-and-domestic-violence
#12
Colleen Mcquown, Jennifer Frey, Sheila Steer, Gwendolyn E Fletcher, Brett Kinkopf, Michelle Fakler, Valorie Prulhiere
OBJECTIVES: Both sexual assault (SA) survivors and domestic violence (DV) survivors are populations at risk of strangulation injury. Our goal was to identify the prevalence of strangulation in patients who are survivors of SA and DV, identify presence of lethality risk factors in intimate partner violence, and assess differences in strangulation between SA and DV populations. METHODS: We reviewed all patient encounters from our health system's SA/DV forensic nurse examiner program from 2004 to 2008...
July 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032855/the-burden-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-kwazulu-natal-s-public-sector-a-5-year-perspective
#13
Somasundram Pillay, Elizabeth Lutge, Colleen Aldous
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM), together with its devastating complications, has a huge impact on both the patients it affects and the global economy as a whole. The economies of developing countries are already under threat from communicable diseases. More needs to be done to stem the tide of non-communicable diseases like DM. In order for us to develop new strategies to tackle this dread disease we need to obtain and analyse as many data as possible from the geographical area where we work...
2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915946/a-cohort-study-of-elderly-people-in-bloemfontein-south-africa-to-determine-health-related-quality-of-life-and-functional-abilities
#14
Anthonie Marthinus Gerber, Riaan Botes, Arnelle Mostert, Annelize Vorster, Erik Buskens
BACKGROUND: An ageing population has become an issue of global importance. According to statistics, the number of people aged ≥60 years will outnumber children <5 years by 2020. OBJECTIVE: To identify chronic and comorbid diseases that contribute to reduced quality of life (QoL) and functional ability in elderly people living in nursing homes in Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa (SA). METHODS: This study used utility- and capability-based questionnaires EQ-6D and a modified ICECAP-O to identify chronic and comorbid diseases that contribute to reduced QoL and functioning in the elderly...
March 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26863051/cancer-nursing-research-output-in-africa-2005-to-2014-an-integrative-review
#15
Johanna Elizabeth Maree, Vivien Herbert, Agnes Alice Huiskamp
BACKGROUND: This study is the first review of African cancer nursing research as only 1 review focusing on South Africa was conducted in the past decade. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, summarize, and synthesize the findings from previous independent studies conducted by nurses in Africa. METHODS: The terms cancer nursing and oncology nursing and Africa were used to search PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, SA e-publications, and Scopus...
February 9, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829894/incidence-and-economic-burden-of-prosthetic-joint-infections-in-a-university-hospital-a-report-from-a-middle-income-country
#16
Emine Alp, Fatma Cevahir, Safiye Ersoy, Ahmet Guney
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence and economic burden of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) in a university hospital in a middle-income country. Surveillance data between April 2011 and April 2013 in the Orthopedic Surgery Department was evaluated. Patients (>16 years old) who had primary arthroplasty in Erciyes University were included in the study, and patients with preoperative infection were excluded. Patients were followed up during their stay in the hospital and during readmission to the hospital for PJI by a trained Infection Control Nurse...
July 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26812383/building-cultural-sensitivity-and-interprofessional-collaboration-through-a-study-abroad-experience
#17
Irene Gilliland, Russell T Attridge, Rebecca L Attridge, David F Maize, Jeanette McNeill
BACKGROUND: Study abroad (SA) experiences for health professions students may be used to heighten cultural sensitivity to future patients and incorporate interprofessional education (IPE). METHOD: Two groups of nursing and pharmacy students participated in an SA elective over a 2-year period, traveling to China and India. RESULTS: Both groups improved significantly in knowledge, awareness, and skills following the travel experiences. Student reflections indicate that the SA experience was transformative, changing their views of travel, other cultures, personal environment, collaboration with other health professionals, and themselves...
January 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26799644/dealing-with-patients-facing-a-history-of-sexual-abuse-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-dutch-general-practitioners
#18
Eleonore M L Birkhoff, Esmée M Krouwel, Melianthe P J Nicolai, Bert-Jan de Boer, Jack J Beck, Hein Putter, Rob C M Pelger, Henk W Elzevier
BACKGROUND: Sexual abuse (SA) is a common problem. As the primary confidant, the general practitioner (GP) has a valuable role in identifying a history of abuse, specifically with regard to the commonly performed pelvic examination for cervical cancer screening. OBJECTIVES: This study focused on GPs' practice patterns, knowledge, training need and barriers concerning asking patients about SA. Furthermore, it was investigated who performs the cervical smear within the practice and if SA is taken into consideration...
June 2016: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792166/investigating-the-association-between-diabetes-mellitus-depression-and-psychological-distress-in-a-cohort-of-south-african-teachers
#19
Abdul Kader Domingo, Laila Asmal, Soraya Seedat, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Carien Laurence, Jimmy Volmink
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) may increase the risk of depression as a result of a sense of threat of debilitating complications or because of associated lifestyle changes. Depression may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes as a result of poor health behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between diabetes mellitus, depression and psychological distress in a cohort of South African (SA) teachers. METHODS: Teachers from 111 public schools in the Metro South District of the Cape Metropolitan area, SA, were invited to participate in this study...
December 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26780532/antibiotics-and-breastfeeding
#20
Fernando de Sá Del Fiol, Silvio Barberato-Filho, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Timothy P Gauthier
During the breastfeeding period, bacterial infections can occur in the nursing mother, requiring the use of antibiotics. A lack of accurate information may lead health care professionals and mothers to suspend breastfeeding, which may be unnecessary. This article provides information on the main antibiotics that are appropriate for clinical use and the interference of these antibiotics with the infant to support medical decisions regarding the discontinuation of breastfeeding. We aim to provide information on the pharmacokinetic factors that interfere with the passage of antibiotics into breast milk and the toxicological implications of absorption by the infant...
2016: Chemotherapy
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