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Nursing SA

Luísa Sá, Orquídea Ribeiro, Luís Filipe Azevedo, Luciana Couto, Altamiro Costa-Pereira, Alberto Hespanhol, Paulo Santos, Carlos Martins
OBJECTIVES: To determine, in the context of primary care preventive health services, the level of importance that Portuguese patients attribute to different preventive activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary Healthcare, Portugal. PARTICIPANTS: 1000 Portuguese adults selected by a stratified cluster sampling design were invited to participate in a computer-assisted telephone survey. Persons with a cognitive or physical disability that hampered the ability to complete a telephone interview and being a nursing home resident or resident in any other type of collective dwelling were excluded...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
Marian E Betz, Sarah A Arias, Daniel L Segal, Ivan Miller, Carlos A Camargo, Edwin D Boudreaux
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of self-harm, suicidal ideation (SI), and suicide attempts (SA) in older adults in the emergency department (ED), including differences according to age, sex, and race and ethnicity. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, multiphase, eight-center study with prospective review of consecutive charts during enrollment shifts (November 2011-December 2014). SETTING: Eight EDs in seven states, all with protocols for nurses to screen every patient for suicide risk (universal screening)...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Georgia Vlachonikolou, Paraskevas Gkolfakis, Athanasios D Sioulas, Ioannis S Papanikolaou, Anastasia Melissaratou, Giannis-Aimant Moustafa, Eleni Xanthopoulou, Gerasimos Tsilimidos, Ioanna Tsironi, Paraskevas Filippidis, Chrysoula Malli, George D Dimitriadis, Konstantinos Triantafyllou
AIM: To measure the compliance of an Academic Hospital staff with a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program using fecal immunochemical test (FIT). METHODS: All employees of "Attikon" University General Hospital aged over 50 years were thoroughly informed by a team of physicians and medical students about the study aims and they were invited to undergo CRC screening using two rounds of FIT (DyoniFOB(®) Combo H, DyonMed SA, Athens, Greece). The tests were provided for free and subjects tested positive were subsequently referred for colonoscopy...
August 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Henna Hasson, Sa Muntlin Athlin
INTRODUCTION: It is well known that emergency departments (EDs) suffer from crowding and throughput challenges, which make the ED a challenging workplace. However, the interplay between the throughput of patients and how staff experience work is seldom studied. The aim of this study was to investigate whether staff experience of work (efficiency, work-related efforts and rewards, and quantity and quality of work) differs between days with low and high patient throughput rates. METHOD: Throughput times were collected from electronic medical records and staff (n=252 individuals, mainly nurses) ratings in daily questionnaires over a total of six weeks...
August 11, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
Emmanuel Fort, Thierry Lassiège, Alain Bergeret
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of cannabis and cocaine among fishermen followed in occupational medicine in the ports of Aquitaine and Charente-Maritime (Direction interrégionale de la mer Sud-Atlantique [DIRM-SA]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thousand fishermen could be recruited during medical regulatory examination by the occupational physicians and nurses of Occupational Health Department for Seamen. RESULTS: About 20% of fishermen were former smokers...
2016: International Maritime Health
Sergio Vargas-Prada, Evangelia Demou, Drushca Lalloo, Ione Avila-Palencia, Kaveh A Sanati, Maite Sampere, Kerry Freer, Consol Serra, Ewan B Macdonald
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to investigate the effectiveness of workplace return-to-work (RTW) interventions delivered at very early stages (<15 days) of sickness absence (SA). METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Health Management Information Consortium (HMIC), Cochrane library database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsychInfo and Embase. Using pre-established criteria, independent pairs of researchers carried out the study selection, quality appraisal and data extraction...
July 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Colleen Mcquown, Jennifer Frey, Sheila Steer, Gwendolyn E Fletcher, Brett Kinkopf, Michelle Fakler, Valorie Prulhiere
OBJECTIVES: Both sexual assault (SA) survivors and domestic violence (DV) survivors are populations at risk of strangulation injury. Our goal was to identify the prevalence of strangulation in patients who are survivors of SA and DV, identify presence of lethality risk factors in intimate partner violence, and assess differences in strangulation between SA and DV populations. METHODS: We reviewed all patient encounters from our health system's SA/DV forensic nurse examiner program from 2004 to 2008...
July 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Somasundram Pillay, Elizabeth Lutge, Colleen Aldous
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM), together with its devastating complications, has a huge impact on both the patients it affects and the global economy as a whole. The economies of developing countries are already under threat from communicable diseases. More needs to be done to stem the tide of non-communicable diseases like DM. In order for us to develop new strategies to tackle this dread disease we need to obtain and analyse as many data as possible from the geographical area where we work...
2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Anthonie Marthinus Gerber, Riaan Botes, Arnelle Mostert, Annelize Vorster, Erik Buskens
BACKGROUND: An ageing population has become an issue of global importance. According to statistics, the number of people aged ≥60 years will outnumber children <5 years by 2020. OBJECTIVE: To identify chronic and comorbid diseases that contribute to reduced quality of life (QoL) and functional ability in elderly people living in nursing homes in Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa (SA). METHODS: This study used utility- and capability-based questionnaires EQ-6D and a modified ICECAP-O to identify chronic and comorbid diseases that contribute to reduced QoL and functioning in the elderly...
March 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Johanna Elizabeth Maree, Vivien Herbert, Agnes Alice Huiskamp
BACKGROUND: This study is the first review of African cancer nursing research as only 1 review focusing on South Africa was conducted in the past decade. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, summarize, and synthesize the findings from previous independent studies conducted by nurses in Africa. METHODS: The terms cancer nursing and oncology nursing and Africa were used to search PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, SA e-publications, and Scopus...
February 9, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Emine Alp, Fatma Cevahir, Safiye Ersoy, Ahmet Guney
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence and economic burden of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) in a university hospital in a middle-income country. Surveillance data between April 2011 and April 2013 in the Orthopedic Surgery Department was evaluated. Patients (>16 years old) who had primary arthroplasty in Erciyes University were included in the study, and patients with preoperative infection were excluded. Patients were followed up during their stay in the hospital and during readmission to the hospital for PJI by a trained Infection Control Nurse...
July 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Irene Gilliland, Russell T Attridge, Rebecca L Attridge, David F Maize, Jeanette McNeill
BACKGROUND: Study abroad (SA) experiences for health professions students may be used to heighten cultural sensitivity to future patients and incorporate interprofessional education (IPE). METHOD: Two groups of nursing and pharmacy students participated in an SA elective over a 2-year period, traveling to China and India. RESULTS: Both groups improved significantly in knowledge, awareness, and skills following the travel experiences. Student reflections indicate that the SA experience was transformative, changing their views of travel, other cultures, personal environment, collaboration with other health professionals, and themselves...
January 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Eleonore M L Birkhoff, Esmée M Krouwel, Melianthe P J Nicolai, Bert-Jan de Boer, Jack J Beck, Hein Putter, Rob C M Pelger, Henk W Elzevier
BACKGROUND: Sexual abuse (SA) is a common problem. As the primary confidant, the general practitioner (GP) has a valuable role in identifying a history of abuse, specifically with regard to the commonly performed pelvic examination for cervical cancer screening. OBJECTIVES: This study focused on GPs' practice patterns, knowledge, training need and barriers concerning asking patients about SA. Furthermore, it was investigated who performs the cervical smear within the practice and if SA is taken into consideration...
June 2016: European Journal of General Practice
Abdul Kader Domingo, Laila Asmal, Soraya Seedat, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Carien Laurence, Jimmy Volmink
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) may increase the risk of depression as a result of a sense of threat of debilitating complications or because of associated lifestyle changes. Depression may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes as a result of poor health behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between diabetes mellitus, depression and psychological distress in a cohort of South African (SA) teachers. METHODS: Teachers from 111 public schools in the Metro South District of the Cape Metropolitan area, SA, were invited to participate in this study...
December 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Fernando de Sá Del Fiol, Silvio Barberato-Filho, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Timothy P Gauthier
During the breastfeeding period, bacterial infections can occur in the nursing mother, requiring the use of antibiotics. A lack of accurate information may lead health care professionals and mothers to suspend breastfeeding, which may be unnecessary. This article provides information on the main antibiotics that are appropriate for clinical use and the interference of these antibiotics with the infant to support medical decisions regarding the discontinuation of breastfeeding. We aim to provide information on the pharmacokinetic factors that interfere with the passage of antibiotics into breast milk and the toxicological implications of absorption by the infant...
2016: Chemotherapy
S Rachel Skinner, Cristyn Davies, Spring Cooper, Tanya Stoney, Helen Marshall, Jane Jones, Joanne Collins, Heidi Hutton, Adriana Parrella, Gregory Zimet, David G Regan, Patti Whyte, Julia M L Brotherton, Peter Richmond, Kirsten McCaffrey, Suzanne M Garland, Julie Leask, Melissa Kang, Annette Braunack-Mayer, John Kaldor, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: The National Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination Program in Australia commenced in 2007 for females and in 2013 for males, using the quadrivalent HPV vaccine (HPV 6,11,16,18). Thus far, we have demonstrated very substantial reductions in genital warts and in the prevalence of HPV among young Australian women, providing early evidence for the success of this public health initiative. Australia has a long history of school-based vaccination programs for adolescents, with comparatively high coverage...
2015: BMC Public Health
Thiara Joanna Peçanha da Cruz, Selma Petra Chaves Sá, Mirian da Costa Lindolpho, Célia Pereira Caldas
OBJECTIVE: to learn the influence of cognitive therapy at home, conducted by the caregivers of older people with Alzheimer's Disease. METHOD: a case study was developed with fi ve older people with Alzheimer's Disease and their caregivers. The stages of research development were: orientation with the caregivers; selection of older people and caregivers; approach of the study subjects at home; weekly meetings and reapplication of tests to follow up the cognitive function of the participants...
May 2015: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
M Kay Garcia, Leslie Graham-Getty, Robin Haddad, Yisheng Li, Jennifer McQuade, Richard T Lee, Michael Spano, Lorenzo Cohen
Hot flashes (HFs) are a common side effect of cancer treatment. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence related to the use of acupuncture for HFs in cancer patients. EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane (all databases), PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Scopus were searched from their inception through December 2014. Included studies had to be randomized controlled trials with a usual-care and/or placebo comparison group that investigated acupuncture to treat HFs in cancer patients...
November 15, 2015: Cancer
Staja Q Booker
BACKGROUND: The unprecedented global growth in older adults merits high-quality gerontological nursing care. As gerontological nursing grows in visibility in developed and developing countries, nurses must possess a broader worldview of ageing with knowledge of physiological, psychosocial, and cultural issues. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to: (1) highlight lessons learned on differences and similarities in ageing and care of older adults in the United States of America (USA) and South Africa (SA); and (2) provide recommendations on how to advance gerontological nursing education in SA...
2015: Curationis
Hoosain Lalkhen, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a complex global healthcare challenge that is becoming increasingly prevalent. In Africa, comorbidity of communicable diseases and NCDs is also increasing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent of multimorbidity among patients with NCDs in South African (SA) primary healthcare (PHC). METHODS: A dataset obtained from a previous morbidity survey of SA ambulatory PHC was analysed...
February 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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