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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774590/heritage-of-stanislaw-ciechanowski-1869-1945-discoverer-of-pathogenesis-of-prostatic-hyperplasia-passionis-insignia-signis-fulgent-mirificis
#1
Andrzej Wincewicz, Piotr Woltanowski, Stanisław Sulkowski
BACKGROUND: Prostatic enlargement was first correctly recognized as a prostatic hyperplasia by professor of anatomic pathology, Stanisław Ciechanowski (1869-1945) in Cracow on contrary to Parisian urologist Jean Casimir Félix Guyon's concepts of progressing atherosclerosis as a morphological cause of prostatic overgrowth and mechanical insufficiency of lower urinary tract. METHODS: Primary resources were analyzed about Stanisław Ciechanowski mainly from depositories of the Section of Special Collection, Stanisław Konopka Main Medical Library Warsaw and Polish bibliograhy of Estreichers at Jagiellonian University...
May 18, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770626/practice-guidelines-for-management-of-ovarian-cancer-in-korea-a-korean-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-consensus-statement
#2
REVIEW
Dong Hoon Suh, Suk Joon Chang, Taejong Song, Sanghoon Lee, Woo Dae Kang, Sun Joo Lee, Ju Won Roh, Won Duk Joo, Joo Hee Yoon, Dae Hoon Jeong, Hee Seung Kim, Sung Jong Lee, Yong Il Ji, Hyun Jung Kim, Jeong Won Lee, Jae Weon Kim, Duk Soo Bae
Since after 2006 when the first edition of practice guidelines for gynecologic oncologic cancer treatment was released, the Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology (KSGO) has published the following editions on a regular basis to suggest the best possible standard care considering updated scientific evidence as well as medical environment including insurance coverage. The Guidelines Revision Committee was summoned to revise the second edition of KSGO practice guidelines, which was published in July 2010, and develop the third edition...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769117/a-protocol-for-a-network-meta-analysis-of-interventions-to-treat-patients-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#3
Nadera Ahmadzai, Shaun Kilty, Dianna Wolfe, Jamie Bonaparte, David Schramm, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Vincent Lin, Wei Cheng, Becky Skidmore, David Moher, Brian Hutton
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, with greater than 20% of Canadian adults having measurable hearing loss in at least one ear. Patients with hearing loss experience impaired quality of life, and emotional and financial consequences that affect themselves and their families. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a common but difficult to treat form of hearing loss that has a sudden onset of ≤ 72 h associated with various etiologies, with the majority of cases being idiopathic...
May 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767298/-complications-and-side-effects-of-conservative-treatment-of-rhinological-diseases
#4
REVIEW
I Küster, C Rudack, A Beule
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of rhinological diseases is wide, as is that of their drug-based treatment. Only 1272 compounds coded R01 (nasal preparations) are listed in the ATC group (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification). Conservative therapy of rhinological diseases additionally includes systemic (often oral) application of corticosteroids, antibiotics and immunomodulators. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to outline possible complications of medication (subdivided into classes of ingredients) commonly used to treat rhinological diseases in hospitals...
May 16, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764582/-research-advances-in-the-role-of-aptamers-in-the-diagnosis-and-targeted-therapy-of-pediatric-cancer
#5
Yi-Bin Zhang, Yan-Peng Wang, Jing Liu
Aptamers are single-stranded DNA or RNA which are isolated from synthesized random oligonucleotide library in vitro via systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) and can bind to metal ions, small molecules, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and others targets with high affinity and specificity. Aptamers have the advantages of simple preparation, good thermal stability, and low immunogenicity and have great potential in the medical fields such as molecular imaging, biosensing, early diagnosis of diseases, and targeted therapy...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763706/exploiting-semantic-patterns-over-biomedical-knowledge-graphs-for-predicting-treatment-and-causative-relations
#6
Gokhan Bakal, Preetham Talari, Elijah V Kakani, Ramakanth Kavuluru
BACKGROUND: Identifying new potential treatment options for medical conditions that cause human disease burden is a central task of biomedical research. Since all candidate drugs cannot be tested with animal and clinical trials, in vitro approaches are first attempted to identify promising candidates. Likewise, identifying different causal relations between biomedical entities is also critical to understand biomedical processes. Generally, natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning are used to predict specific relations between any given pair of entities using the distant supervision approach...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762685/urine-multi-drug-screening-with-gc-ms-or-lc-ms-ms-using-salle-hybrid-ppt-spe
#7
Junhui Lee, Jiwon Park, Ahra Go, Heesung Moon, Sujin Kim, Sohee Jung, Wonjoon Jeong, Heesun Chung
To intoxicated patients in the emergency room, toxicological analysis can be considerably helpful for identifying the involved toxicants. In order to develop a urine multi-drug screening (UmDS) method, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) were used to determine targeted and unknown toxicants in urine. A GC-MS method in scan mode was validated for selectivity, limit of detection (LOD) and recovery. An LC-MS-MS multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) method was validated for lower LOD, recovery and matrix effect...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761573/using-fat-to-fight-disease-a-systematic-review-of-non-homologous-adipose-derived-stromal-stem-cell-therapies
#8
REVIEW
Marjorie E Bateman, Amy L Strong, Jeffrey M Gimble, Bruce A Bunnell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to describe the safety and efficacy of ASC and SVF in treating common diseases and the next steps in research that must occur prior to clinical use. EVIDENCE REVIEW: Pubmed, Ovid Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles about use of SVF or ASC for disease therapy published between 2012 and 2017. One meta-analysis, 2 randomized controlled trials, and 16 case series were included, representing 844 human patients...
May 15, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759911/management-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-d-orl-et-de-chirurgie-cervico-faciale-clinical-practice-guidelines
#9
F Blanc, D Ayache, M N Calmels, O Deguine, M François, N Leboulanger, E Lescanne, R Marianowski, J Nevoux, R Nicollas, S Tringali, N Tessier, V Franco-Vidal, P Bordure, M Mondain
The Société française d'ORL et de chirurgie cervico-faciale clinical practice guidelines concern the management of otitis media with effusion (OME) in children under the age of 12 years. They are based on extensive review of MEDLINE and Cochrane Library publications in English or French from 1996 to 2016 concerning the methods of diagnosis and assessment of otitis media with effusion, as well as the efficacy of tympanostomy tubes and medical and surgical treatments of OME.
May 11, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756471/medication-regimen-complexity-measured-by-mrci-a-systematic-review-to-identify-health-outcomes
#10
Vanessa Alves-Conceição, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Fernanda Vilanova Nascimento Silva, Rafaella Oliveira Santos Silva, Daniel Tenório da Silva, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Jr
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to identify health outcomes related to medication regimen complexity as measured by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) instrument. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Open Thesis, and Web of Science were searched from January 1, 2004, until April 02, 2018, using the following search terms: outcome assessment, drug therapy, and Medication Regimen Complexity Index and their synonyms in different combinations...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#11
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753874/simulation-of-patient-flow-in-multiple-healthcare-units-using-process-and-data-mining-techniques-for-model-identification
#12
Sergey V Kovalchuk, Anastasia A Funkner, Oleg G Metsker, Aleksey N Yakovlev
INTRODUCTION: An approach to building a hybrid simulation of patient flow is introduced with a combination of data-driven methods for automation of model identification. The approach is described with a conceptual framework and basic methods for combination of different techniques. The implementation of the proposed approach for simulation of the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was developed and used in an experimental study. METHODS: A combination of data, text, process mining techniques, and machine learning approaches for the analysis of electronic health records (EHRs) with discrete-event simulation (DES) and queueing theory for the simulation of patient flow was proposed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746546/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-aortic-stenosis-in-high-surgical-risk-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Zulian Liu, Elaine Kidney, Danai Bem, George Bramley, Susan Bayliss, Mark A de Belder, Carole Cummins, Rui Duarte
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic aortic stenosis has a poor prognosis. Many patients are considered inoperable or at high surgical risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), reflecting their age, comorbidities and frailty. The clinical effectiveness and safety of TAVI have not been reviewed systematically for these high levels of surgical risk. This systematic review compares mortality and other important clinical outcomes up to 5 years post treatment following TAVI or other treatment in these risk groups...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744355/herbal-medicine-for-oligomenorrhea-and-amenorrhea-a-systematic-review-of-ancient-and-conventional-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Arezoo Moini Jazani, Kobra Hamdi, Mojgan Tansaz, Hossein Nazemiyeh, Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou, Ramin Nasimi Doost Azgomi
Introduction: Menstrual bleeding cessation is one of the most frequent gynecologic disorders among women in reproductive age. The treatment is based on hormone therapy. Due to the increasing request for alternative medicine remedies in the field of women's diseases, in present study, it was tried to overview medicinal plants used to treat oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea according to the pharmaceutical textbooks of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and review the evidence in the conventional medicine...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744304/insights-for-public-education-provided-by-french-media-on-ideas-about-prostate-cancer-a-media-analysis-study
#15
Margareth S Zanchetta, Marguerite Cognet, Mary Rachel Lam-Kin-Teng, Marie Elisabeth Dumitriu, Carlos Haag, Bernard Kadio, François Desgrandchamps, Lise Rénaud
Background: This study explored the French media's presentation of ideas and medical information about prostate cancer (PC) that may influence men's understanding, attitudes and behavior. Methods: A qualitative media content analysis centered on PC information delivered by French professional media. The selected data were produced in the aftermath of the High Health Authority's decision in 2008 not to recommend systematic screening by prostate specific antigen(PSA) for men over 50. Source was the Media Archives of the French National Library...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739400/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-prisoners-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Masoud Behzadifar, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Aziz Rezapour, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major public health problems both in developed and developing countries. Prison represents a high-risk environment for prisoners, in that it is characterized by high-risk behaviors such as injecting drug use (IDU), tattooing, unprotected sexual intercourses, or sharing syringes. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the prevalence of HCV among Iranian prisoners conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched different scholarly databases including Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI/Web of Sciences, the Cochrane library, Scopus, CINAHL, and PsycINFO as well as Iranian bibliographic thesauri (namely, Barakatns, MagIran, and SID) up to December 2017...
May 9, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737522/interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-iron-chelation-therapy-in-people-with-sickle-cell-disease-or-thalassaemia
#17
REVIEW
Patricia M Fortin, Sheila A Fisher, Karen V Madgwick, Marialena Trivella, Sally Hopewell, Carolyn Doree, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Regularly transfused people with sickle cell disease (SCD) and people with thalassaemia (who are transfusion-dependent or non-transfusion-dependent) are at risk of iron overload. Iron overload can lead to iron toxicity in vulnerable organs such as the heart, liver and endocrine glands; which can be prevented and treated with iron chelating agents. The intensive demands and uncomfortable side effects of therapy can have a negative impact on daily activities and well-being, which may affect adherence...
May 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735972/efficacy-and-safety-of-acupuncture-for-essential-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#18
Hao Chen, Fei-Er Shen, Xiao-Dong Tan, Wen-Bo Jiang, Yi-Huang Gu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for patients with hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and the Wan-fang Data Database from inception through 29 April 2017. Randomized controlled trials investigating acupuncture therapy for hypertension were included. Review Manager 5.3 software was used for the data analysis. RESULTS A total of 30 RCTs involving 2107 patients were included...
May 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734666/cardiac-arrhythmia-classification-by-multi-layer-perceptron-and-convolution-neural-networks
#19
Shalin Savalia, Vahid Emamian
The electrocardiogram (ECG) plays an imperative role in the medical field, as it records heart signal over time and is used to discover numerous cardiovascular diseases. If a documented ECG signal has a certain irregularity in its predefined features, this is called arrhythmia, the types of which include tachycardia, bradycardia, supraventricular arrhythmias, and ventricular, etc. This has encouraged us to do research that consists of distinguishing between several arrhythmias by using deep neural network algorithms such as multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and convolution neural network (CNN)...
May 4, 2018: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734470/interventions-for-improving-modifiable-risk-factor-control-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-stroke
#20
REVIEW
Bernadeta Bridgwood, Kate E Lager, Amit K Mistri, Kamlesh Khunti, Andrew D Wilson, Priya Modi
BACKGROUND: People with stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of future stroke and other cardiovascular events. Stroke services need to be configured to maximise the adoption of evidence-based strategies for secondary stroke prevention. Smoking-related interventions were examined in a separate review so were not considered in this review. This is an update of our 2014 review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of stroke service interventions for implementing secondary stroke prevention strategies on modifiable risk factor control, including patient adherence to prescribed medications, and the occurrence of secondary cardiovascular events...
May 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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