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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#1
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904626/respect-for-woman-s-decision-making-in-spontaneous-birth-a-thematic-synthesis-study
#2
Firoozeh MirzaeeRabor, Fattaneh Mirzaee, Khadigeh MirzaiiNajmabadi, Ali Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Participation of woman in decision-making processes is one of the key indicators of an appropriate relationship between a woman and the health care professionals. This study aimed to recognize the factors facilitating respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper employed a meta-synthesis on articles published in four biomedical databases including MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. All qualitative studies published after 1990 and directly or indirectly discussing the women's and the health care professional's attitudes toward respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth were searched...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903011/transition-risk-assessment-score-to-stratify-health-care-needs-and-interventions-in-adolescents-with-anorectal-malformations-a-pilot-study
#3
Martin J Connor, Laurie Rigueros Springford, Stefano Giuliani
Introduction Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are a complex collection of congenital disorders of the anus, rectum, and genitourinary system with possible active morbidities beyond adolescence. Aims To create the first evidence-based inclusive transition risk assessment score (TRAS) to stratify health care needs and interventions in teenagers with ARM transitioning to adult health care. Method MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched electronically for original articles containing published scoring systems evaluating children with ARM from January 1, 1990 to December 31, 2013...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900785/a-tryptoline-ring-distortion-strategy-leads-to-complex-and-diverse-biologically-active-molecules-from-the-indole-alkaloid-yohimbine
#4
Nicholas Paciaroni, Ranjala Ratnayake, James Matthews, Verrill Norwood, Austin Arnold, Long Dang, Hendrik Luesch, Robert William Huigens Iii
High-throughput screening (HTS) is the primary driver to current drug discovery efforts. New therapeutic agents that enter the market are a direct reflection of the structurally simple compounds that make up screening libraries. Unlike medically relevant natural products (e.g., morphine), small molecules currently being screened have low fraction sp3 character and few, if any, stereogenic centers. Although simple compounds have been useful in drugging certain biological targets (e.g., protein kinases), more sophisticated targets (e...
November 29, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900749/-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-access-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Chia-Chi Kuo, Chen-Yun Wu, I-Jung Feng, Wei-Jing Lee
BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous access is a common, invasive procedure that is performed in clinical practice. Difficult intravenous access may not only jeopardize patient safety but also increase staff stress, nursing hours, and material costs. PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous access in difficult intravenous-access patients and in the two subgroups of adult patients and pediatric patients using systematic review and meta-analysis...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897967/an-observational-study-of-donor-ex-vivo-lung-perfusion-in-uk-lung-transplantation-develop-uk
#7
Andrew Fisher, Anders Andreasson, Alexandros Chrysos, Joanne Lally, Chrysovalanto Mamasoula, Catherine Exley, Jennifer Wilkinson, Jessica Qian, Gillian Watson, Oli Lewington, Thomas Chadwick, Elaine McColl, Mark Pearce, Kay Mann, Nicola McMeekin, Luke Vale, Steven Tsui, Nizar Yonan, Andre Simon, Nandor Marczin, Jorge Mascaro, John Dark
BACKGROUND: Many patients awaiting lung transplantation die before a donor organ becomes available. Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) allows initially unusable donor lungs to be assessed and reconditioned for clinical use. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Donor Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion in UK lung transplantation study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of EVLP in increasing UK lung transplant activity. DESIGN: A multicentre, unblinded, non-randomised, non-inferiority observational study to compare transplant outcomes between EVLP-assessed and standard donor lungs...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896907/efficacy-acceptability-and-safety-of-guided-imagery-hypnosis-in-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
N Zech, E Hansen, K Bernardy, W Häuser
: This systematic review aimed at evaluating the efficacy, acceptability and safety of guided imagery/hypnosis (GI/H) in fibromyalgia. Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SCOPUS were screened through February 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing GI/H with controls were analysed. Primary outcomes were ≥50% pain relief, ≥20% improvement of health-related quality of life, psychological distress, disability, acceptability and safety at end of therapy and 3-month follow-up...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896487/natural-compounds-as-occult-ototoxins-ginkgo-biloba-flavonoids-moderately-damage-lateral-line-hair-cells
#9
Sarah Neveux, Nicole K Smith, Anna Roche, Bruce E Blough, Wimal Pathmasiri, Allison B Coffin
Several drugs, including aminoglycosides and platinum-based chemotherapy agents, are well known for their ototoxic properties. However, FDA-approved drugs are not routinely tested for ototoxicity, so their potential to affect hearing often goes unrecognized. This issue is further compounded for natural products, where there is a lack of FDA oversight and the manufacturer is solely responsible for ensuring the safety of their products. Natural products such as herbal supplements are easily accessible and commonly used in the practice of traditional eastern and alternative medicine...
November 28, 2016: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894332/consideration-of-health-inequalities-in-systematic-reviews-a-mapping-review-of-guidance
#10
Michelle Maden
BACKGROUND: Given that we know that interventions shown to be effective in improving the health of a population may actually widen the health inequalities gap while others reduce it, it is imperative that all systematic reviewers consider how the findings of their reviews may impact (reduce or increase) on the health inequality gap. This study reviewed existing guidance on incorporating considerations of health inequalities in systematic reviews in order to examine the extent to which they can help reviewers to incorporate such issues...
November 28, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893997/psychometric-properties-of-dual-task-balance-and-walking-assessments-for-individuals-with-neurological-conditions-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Lei Yang, Freddy Man Hin Lam, Lin Rong Liao, Mei Zhen Huang, Cheng Qi He, Marco Yiu Chung Pang
BACKGROUND: The ability of performing a balance or walking task in conjunction with a secondary cognitive or motor task, referred to as dual-task (DT) ability, is essential in daily living. While there is some evidence that DT performance is impaired in individuals with neurological conditions, using reliable and valid tools to measure DT performance is essential. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of DT balance and walking assessments in individuals with different neurological conditions...
November 15, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893154/withdrawn-occlusal-interventions-for-periodontitis-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
Paul Weston, Yuhaniz A Yaziz, David R Moles, Ian Needleman
BACKGROUND: Occlusal interventions may be used in adults with periodontitis. At present there is little consensus regarding the indications and effectiveness of occlusal interventions in periodontal patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify and analyse the evidence for the effect of occlusal interventions on adults who have periodontitis in relation to tooth loss, probing depths, clinical attachment level, adverse effects and patient-centred outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: The search was last conducted in April 2008...
November 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#13
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
November 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891666/a-systematic-review-of-the-outcomes-reported-in-trials-of-medication-review-in-older-patients-the-need-for-a-core-outcome-set
#14
Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Lisa G Pont, Stefanie Thevelin, Benoit Boland, Olivia Dalleur, Anne Rutjes, Johanna I Westbrook, Anne Spinewine
AIM: Medication review has been advocated as one of the measures to tackle the challenge of polypharmacy in older patients, yet there is no consensus on how best to evaluate its efficacy. This study aimed to assess outcome reporting in trials of medication review in older patients. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective studies and RCT protocols involving medication review performed in patients aged 65 years or older in any setting of care were identified from: (1) a recent systematic review; (2) RCT registries of ongoing studies; (3) the Cochrane library...
November 27, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891385/when-pulmonary-function-test-is-available-should-we-wait-for-the-copd-symptoms-to-develop
#15
REVIEW
Varshil Mehta, Nimit Desai, Smit Patel
Adolescent smokers are more likely to be addicted to nicotine and develop a chronic habit. Chronic smoking has a direct impact on quality of life and life expectancy. Repeated environmental exposure and smoke inhalation can be deleterious to health. In order to evaluate the core functioning of the lungs, Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) are conducted. This panel of tests should be advised for all patients complaining of shortness of breath. Since clinical features resulting from chronic smoking tend to appear late in the course of the disease, PFTs are immensely useful for early identification of abnormalities in asymptomatic adult smokers...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890352/residential-aged-care-medication-review-to-improve-the-quality-of%C3%A2-medication-use-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Kaeshaelya Thiruchelvam, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Pei Se Wong, Therese Kairuz
BACKGROUND: Aging is often associated with various underlying comorbidities that warrant the use of multiple medications. Various interventions, including medication reviews, to optimize pharmacotherapy in older people residing in aged care facilities have been described and evaluated. Previous systematic reviews support the positive impact of various medication-related interventions but are not conclusive because of several factors. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to assess the impact of medication reviews in aged care facilities, with additional focus on the types of medication reviews, using randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies...
November 24, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889445/mindfulness-training-for-health-profession-students-the-effect-of-mindfulness-training-on-psychological-well-being-learning-and-clinical-performance-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Janet McConville, Rachael McAleer, Andrew Hahne
BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness training in medical and other health professional student population groups and to compare the effectiveness of the different mindfulness-based programs...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888996/the-effects-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-self-management-interventions-on-improvement-of-quality-of-life-in-copd-patients-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Danielle Cannon, Nicholas Buys, Krishna Bajee Sriram, Siddharth Sharma, Norman Morris, Jing Sun
This article aimed to analyse the outcome of self-management randomised control trials and their impact upon chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients' health outcomes using meta-analysis approach. PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science databases and Cochrane Library, were searched for articles between 1990 and December 2015 by two researchers. Self-management programs significantly improved patients' quality of life across all domains of the St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) (activity -2.21 (95% CI: -3...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888965/effects-of-nursing-interventions-on-depression-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Biyun Zhou, Guohong Li, Yuqun Zhang, Zihan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Previous randomized controlled trials have led to conflicting findings regarding the effects of nursing interventions on depression of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to resolve these discrepancies. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of publications using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and manual searches without language restrictions. Studies that met the following criteria were included: (1) randomized controlled trials; (2) duration of intervention≥4 weeks; (3) comparative control group; (4) adults with RA; (5) published studies in any language since reception; and (6) psychological symptoms assessed...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888820/the-cochrane-collaboration-%C3%A2-the-role-in-the-evolution-of-evidence-based-medicine-and-development-of-cooperation-in-poland
#20
Magdalena Koperny, Wiktoria Leśniak, Miłosz Jankowski, Małgorzata Bała
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to decision making on the basis of the reliable and up to date best evidence. EBM is regarded as the gold standard all over the world. Cochrane Collaboration is one of the institutions, which promote EBM among physicians, policy makers and other health care workers. Cochrane Collaboration is international non-profit organization bringing together people from all over the world, the aim of which is to create and disseminate reliable scientific information. The Cochrane Collaboration develops and publishes systematic reviews on medical and diagnostic procedures...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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