keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health libraries

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920174/features-and-effects-of-information-technology-based-interventions-to-improve-self-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Fateme Rangraz Jeddi, Ehsan Nabovati, Shahrzad Amirazodi
Slowing down the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its adverse health outcomes requires the patient's self-management and attention to treatment recommendations. Information technology (IT)-based interventions are increasingly being used to support self-management in patients with chronic diseases such as CKD. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the features and effects of IT-based interventions on self-management outcomes of CKD patients. A comprehensive search was conducted in Medline, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library to identify relevant papers that were published until May 2016...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919760/attitudes-toward-antipsychotic-treatment-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorders-and-their-clinicians-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Martha Sajatovic, Faith DiBiasi, Susan N Legacy
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotics are recommended as first-line therapy for acute mania and maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder; however, published literature suggests their real-world use remains limited. Understanding attitudes toward these medications may help identify barriers and inform personalized therapy. This literature review evaluated patient and clinician attitudes toward the use of antipsychotics for treating bipolar disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the Cochrane Library, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and BIOSIS Previews identified English language articles published between January 1, 2000, and June 15, 2016, that reported attitudinal data from patients, health care professionals, or caregivers; treatment decision-making; or patient characteristics that predicted antipsychotic use for bipolar disorder...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916794/association-among-obesity-overweight-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Zhen Zheng, Li Zhang, Shiping Li, Fengyan Zhao, Yan Wang, Lan Huang, Jinglan Huang, Rong Zou, Yi Qu, Dezhi Mu
Obesity, overweight and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remain serious public health problems. Although lots of studies have recently explored the association among obesity, overweight and ASD, the findings are inconsistent. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies to examine the association among obesity, overweight and ASD. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were used for literature searches to identify eligible studies published in English before November 15, 2016. Relevant studies estimating the association among obesity, overweight and ASD were included...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914268/impact-of-hipaa-s-minimum-necessary-standard-on-genomic-data-sharing
#4
Barbara J Evans, Gail P Jarvik
This article provides a brief introduction to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy Rule's minimum necessary standard, which applies to sharing of genomic data, particularly clinical data, following 2013 Privacy Rule revisions. This research used the Thomson Reuters Westlaw database and law library resources in its legal analysis of the HIPAA privacy tiers and the impact of the minimum necessary standard on genomic data sharing. We considered relevant example cases of genomic data-sharing needs...
September 14, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914229/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-beta-interferon-and-glatiramer-acetate-for-treating-multiple-sclerosis-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#5
G J Melendez-Torres, Peter Auguste, Xavier Armoiry, Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Rachel Court, Jason Madan, Alan Kan, Stephanie Lin, Carl Counsell, Jacoby Patterson, Jeremy Rodrigues, Olga Ciccarelli, Hannah Fraser, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: At the time of publication of the most recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance [technology appraisal (TA) 32] in 2002 on beta-interferon (IFN-β) and glatiramer acetate (GA) for multiple sclerosis, there was insufficient evidence of their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To undertake (1) systematic reviews of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of IFN-β and GA in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) compared with best supportive care (BSC) and each other, investigating annualised relapse rate (ARR) and time to disability progression confirmed at 3 months and 6 months and (2) cost-effectiveness assessments of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for CIS and RRMS compared with BSC and each other...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913882/reducing-disparities-in-cancer-screening-and-prevention-through-community-based-participatory-research-partnerships-with-local-libraries-a-comprehensive-dynamic-trial
#6
Bruce D Rapkin, Elisa Weiss, David Lounsbury, Tamara Michel, Alexis Gordon, Jennifer Erb-Downward, Eilleen Sabino-Laughlin, Alison Carpenter, Carolyn E Schwartz, Linda Bulone, Margaret Kemeny
Reduction of cancer-related disparities requires strategies that link medically underserved communities to preventive care. In this community-based participatory research project, a public library system brought together stakeholders to plan and undertake programs to address cancer screening and risk behavior. This study was implemented over 48 months in 20 large urban neighborhoods, selected to reach diverse communities disconnected from care. In each neighborhood, Cancer Action Councils were organized to conduct a comprehensive dynamic trial, an iterative process of program planning, implementation and evaluation...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912773/hirsutine-an-indole-alkaloid-of-uncaria-rhynchophylla-inhibits-late-step-in-dengue-virus-lifecycle
#7
Takayuki Hishiki, Fumihiro Kato, Shigeru Tajima, Kazufumi Toume, Masahito Umezaki, Tomohiko Takasaki, Tomoyuki Miura
Dengue virus (DENV) is transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes and is a public health issue worldwide. No antiviral drugs specific for treating dengue infection are currently available. To identify novel DENV inhibitors, we analyzed a library of 95 compounds and 120 extracts derived from crude drugs (herbal medicines). In the primary screening, A549 cells infected with DENV-1 were cultured in the presence of each compound and extract at a final concentration of 10 μM (compound) and 100 μg/mL (extract), and reduction of viral focus formation was assessed...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912713/meta-analysis-for-clinical-evaluation-of-xingnaojing-injection-for-the-treatment-of-cerebral-infarction
#8
REVIEW
Xiao Ma, Yu X Yang, Nian Chen, Qian Xie, Tao Wang, Xuan He, Jian Wang
Objective: Xingnaojing injection (XNJ) is derived from An-Gong-Niu-Huang pill, a well-known traditional Chinese patent medicine, which is widely used for stroke. To evaluate the therapeutic effect of XNJ on cerebral infarction, an extensive meta-analysis was used. Methods: Six major electronic databases including the Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), Wanfang, the VIP medicine information system (VMIS) and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were examined to retrieve randomized controlled trials designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of XNJ in treating CI before November 26, 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910502/using-narrative-inquiry-to-listen-to-the-voices-of-adolescent-mothers-in-relation-to-their-use-of-social-networking-sites-sns
#9
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Moira Williamson, Sally Ferguson
AIM: This article presents a discussion highlighting the relevance and strengths of using narrative inquiry to explore experiences of social networking site (SNS) use by adolescent mothers. BACKGROUND: Narrative inquiry as a method reveals truths about holistic human experience. Knowledge gleaned from personal narratives informs nursing knowledge and clinical practice. This approach gives voice to adolescent mothers in relation to their experiences with SNS as a means of providing social support...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906047/a-systematic-review-to-explore-influences-on-parental-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Helen Bosley, Catherine Henshall, Jane V Appleton, Debra Jackson
AIM: To understand the factors influencing parental attitudes towards antibiotic prescribing. BACKGROUND: Overuse of antibiotics and inappropriate prescribing has resulted in rapid development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and is significant global threat to patient safety. In Primary Care settings, substantial numbers of antibiotics are prescribed for young children, despite viral nature of illness for which antibiotics are ineffective. Parents, play a vital role in decision making regarding accessing healthcare services and requesting treatment for their children...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903746/correlation-between-patients-reasons-for-encounters-health-problems-and-population-density-in-japan-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies-coded-by-the-international-classification-of-health-problems-in-primary-care-ichppc-and-the-international-classification
#12
Makoto Kaneko, Ryuichi Ohta, Naoki Nago, Motoharu Fukushi, Masato Matsushima
BACKGROUND: The Japanese health care system has yet to establish structured training for primary care physicians; therefore, physicians who received an internal medicine based training program continue to play a principal role in the primary care setting. To promote the development of a more efficient primary health care system, the assessment of its current status in regard to the spectrum of patients' reasons for encounters (RFEs) and health problems is an important step. Recognizing the proportions of patients' RFEs and health problems, which are not generally covered by an internist, can provide valuable information to promote the development of a primary care physician-centered system...
September 13, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902932/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-promote-the-sleep-of-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#13
Fernanda de Souza Machado, Regina Claudia da Silva Souza, Vanessa Brito Poveda, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa
Objective: to analyze evidence available in the literature concerning non-pharmacological interventions that are effective to treat altered sleep patterns among patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Method: systematic review conducted in the National Library of Medicine-National Institutes of Health, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Scopus, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PsycINFO databases, and also grey literature...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902412/interventions-for-treating-tuberculous-pericarditis
#14
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Mpiko Ntsekhe, Lehana Thabane, Jimmy Volmink, Dumisani Majombozi, Freedom Gumedze, Shaheen Pandie, Bongani M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous pericarditis can impair the heart's function and cause death; long term, it can cause the membrane to fibrose and constrict causing heart failure. In addition to antituberculous chemotherapy, treatments include corticosteroids, drainage, and surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of treatments for tuberculous pericarditis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register (27 March 2017); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), published in the Cochrane Library (2017, Issue 2); MEDLINE (1966 to 27 March 2017); Embase (1974 to 27 March 2017); and LILACS (1982 to 27 March 2017)...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901943/a-meta-analysis-and-the-evaluation-of-trends-in-obesity-prevalence-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-5-19-in-turkey-1990-through-2015
#15
Züleyha Alper, İlker Ercan, Yeşim Uncu
Objective Obesity in childhood and adolescence period, is one of the most serious public health problems with it's remarkable increased prevalence and it is correlated with the increased adult morbidity and mortality due to its causing noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. This study aims to identify the secular trend by performing meta-analysis of childhood and adolescent obesity prevalence studies conducted in different regions of our country since 1990 to 2015. Methods Uludag University Library Database was searched for relevant articles published prior to March 2017...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899803/humanistic-and-cost-burden-of-systemic-sclerosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Aryeh Fischer, Evelina Zimovetz, Caroline Ling, Dirk Esser, Nils Schoof
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc), or systemic scleroderma, is a chronic multisystem autoimmune disease characterised by widespread vascular injury and progressive fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Patients with SSc have decreased survival, with pulmonary involvement as the main cause of death. Current treatments for SSc manage a range of symptoms but not the cause of the disease. Our review describes the humanistic and cost burden of SSc. METHODS: A structured review of the literature was conducted, using predefined search strategies to search PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library...
September 9, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898404/high-versus-standard-volume-enteral-feeds-to-promote-growth-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#17
REVIEW
Thangaraj Abiramalatha, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, Anand Viswanathan, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Breast milk alone, given at standard recommended volumes (150 to 180 mL/kg/d), is not adequate to meet the protein, energy, and other nutrient requirements of growing preterm or low birth weight infants. One strategy that may be used to address these potential nutrient deficits is to give infants enteral feeds in excess of 200 mL/kg/d ('high-volume' feeds). This approach may increase nutrient uptake and growth rates, but concerns include that high-volume enteral feeds may cause feed intolerance, gastro-oesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, necrotising enterocolitis, or complications related to fluid overload, including patent ductus arteriosus and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894942/first-steps-towards-development-of-an-instrument-for-the-reproducible-quantification-of-oropharyngeal-swallow-physiology-in-bottle-fed-children
#18
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Katlyn Elizabeth McGrattan, Kathryn A Carson, Jeanne M Pinto, Jennifer M Wright, Bonnie Martin-Harris
The incidence of feeding/swallowing impairments (deglutition disorders) in young children is rising and poses serious acute and long-term health consequences. Accurate detection and prompt intervention can lessen the impact of dysphagia-induced sequelae. Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies (VFSSs) are used to make critical decisions for medically fragile children despite procedural variability and the lack of agreed upon measures for interpreting and reporting results. This investigation represents the first steps in the development of a novel tool for the quantification of oropharyngeal swallow physiology from full-length VFSS examinations in bottle-fed children...
September 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892266/cervical-dilatation-patterns-of-low-risk-women-with-spontaneous-labour-and-normal-perinatal-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#19
Olufemi T Oladapo, Virginia Diaz, Mercedes Bonet, Edgardo Abalos, Soe Soe Thwin, Hayala Souza, Gleici Perdoná, Joao Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: The call for women-centred approaches to reduce labour interventions, particularly primary caesarean section, has renewed interest in a better understanding of natural labour progression. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise available data on the cervical dilatation patterns during spontaneous labour of 'low-risk' women with normal perinatal outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, POPLINE, Global Health Library, and reference lists of eligible studies...
September 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891457/current-prevalence-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infection-in-the-general-population-blood-donors-and-pregnant-women-in-the-eu-eea-a-systematic-review
#20
S H I Hofstraat, A M Falla, E F Duffell, S J M Hahné, A J Amato-Gauci, I K Veldhuijzen, L Tavoschi
This systematic review aimed at estimating chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and C virus (HCV) prevalence in the European Union (EU) and Economic Area (EEA) countries in the general population, blood donors and pregnant women. We searched PubMed©, Embase© and Cochrane Library databases for reports on HBV and HCV prevalence in the general population and pregnant women in EU/EEA countries published between 2005 and 2015. Council of Europe data were used for HBV and HCV blood donor prevalence. HBV general population estimates were available for 13 countries, ranging from 0·1% to 4·4%...
September 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
keyword
keyword
2750
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"