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Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Kaushik Deb Das, Shubhamoy Ghosh, Asim Kumar Das, Aloke Ghosh, Ramkumar Mondal, Tanapa Banerjee, Seikh Sajid Ali, Seikh Swaif Ali, Munmun Koley, Subhranil Saha
AIM: Controversies and disagreement exist on conventional treatment strategies of hemorrhoids due to relapse, inefficacy, and complications. We intend to evaluate the role of individualized homeopathic treatment in hemorrhoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, open, observational trial, hemorrhoids patients were treated using five standardized scales measuring complaints severity and anoscopic score. It was conducted at two homeopathic hospitals in India, during from mid-July 2014 to mid-July 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Mohammad M Zarshenas, Arman Zargaran, Michael Blaschke
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are of major causes of death worldwide. Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are considered as new sources to find preventive and treatment approaches with mostly a historical perspective. Chinese medicine (CM), Persian medicine (PM), Ayurveda and homeopathy are as most popular traditional systems of medicine among various CAM methods. In this survey, we aimed to review most relevant and approved treatment by current investigations on these CAM systems in the field of CVD to present best traditional remedies and treatment approaches...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Vojtěch Mornstein, Jiří Beneš, Zdeněk Mrozek, Štěpán Svačina
This article gives information on selected alternative medicine methods (AMM) under conditions of the Czech health care system. They can be defined as contemporaneous diagnostic and therapeutic methods which differ in their theoretical fundaments as well as practices from the evidence based medicine. This definition is controversial because these methods are an intrinsically incompatible aggregate of modalities acting as a placebo above all. We can encounter many "therapeutic" and "examination" methods which are practiced namely by healers without formal medical education, and connected closely with esotericism...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Crystal L Park, Lucy Finkelstein-Fox, David M Barnes, Carolyn M Mazure, Rani Hoff
OBJECTIVES: Because the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasing among veterans, understanding more about the characteristics of veterans who use CAM is increasingly important. Studies reporting on predictors of use almost always discuss CAM in the aggregate, yet each CAM modality represents a unique approach to healthcare, and each may have different correlates as well as different effectiveness. Very little information is available about veterans' use of each distinct modality, and about psychosocial correlates of various forms of CAM use...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Sándor Árpád Soós, Norbert Jeszenői, Katalin Darvas, László Harsányi
INTRODUCTION: Due to the rise in use of non-conventional therapies, we may consider the application of those in perioperative setting. AIM: The aims of the authors were to measure the attitude of patients waiting for elective surgery towards naturopathic methods, to determine their use and factors influencing their usage. METHOD: A questionnaire was applied that patients filled in individually and anonymously at the First Department of Surgery of Semmelweis University, between July 1, 2014 and April 30, 2016...
September 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Salvatore Italia, Irene Brüske, Joachim Heinrich, Dietrich Berdel, Andrea von Berg, Irina Lehmann, Marie Standl, Silke Britta Wolfenstetter
BACKGROUND: Pediatric use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular in Europe, and utilization may be even more prevalent in chronically ill children/adolescents. This study's aim is to assess CAM use among adolescents with chronic conditions. METHODS: Data on drug utilization (past 4 weeks) and consultation with CAM providers (past year) were collected using a self-administered questionnaire from 4,677 adolescents from the German GINIplus/LISAplus birth cohorts...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
Soumyajit Biswas, Rupa Shaw, Sanjay Bala, Asis Mazumdar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal Plant resources of forest origin are extensively used in India for various systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy, Allopathy, Siddha and Ethnic etc. The tribal communities around the Kakrajhore forest in West Medinipur district of West Bengal have their own traditional knowledge based system of curing many diseases using the forest based plant resources similar to ayurveda. The forest comprises of one of the unique treasure and rich source of diversified ethno-botanical wealth and therefore extensive studies is required for proper documentation including ethnomedicinal knowledge of local tribes...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Joana Almeida
This article analyses strategies of closure recently enacted by complementary and alternative medicine practitioners in order to achieve occupational control over work domains in healthcare, taking Portugal as an example. A combination of the neo-Weberian occupational closure theory of the professions and Abbott's jurisdictional vacancy theory is proposed as the framework for analysis. Acupuncture and homeopathy will be presented as case studies. Data are derived from in-depth interviews with 10 traditional acupuncturists and 10 traditional homeopaths...
September 2016: Health (London)
Jörg Mayer, Robert J Williams, Victor A Oppenheimer, Biao He, Cary Tuckfield, Eric Koslowski, Robert M Gogal
Homeopathic remedies have been selectively employed in human medicine since Hahneman introduced the concept in 1828. While the use of homeopathy is regionally popular in both human and veterinary medicine, there is still a significant lack of scientific evidence supporting its efficacy. This is likely due to an absence of studies evaluating the mechanism of action of these compounds. Engystol® an FDA-approved antiviral agent, is a popular homeopathic commercial product. In select in vivo and in vitro observational studies, the drug showed a measureable innate immune therapeutic efficacy...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Juan Qiu, Kristen Grine
This article explains the proposed pathophysiology, evidence of efficacy, and adverse effects of several complementary and alternative medicine modalities, for the treatment of allergic conditions, such as traditional Chinese medicine formula, herbal treatments, acupuncture, and homeopathy.
September 2016: Primary Care
Andreas Gleiss, Michael Frass, Katharina Gaertner
In this short communication we present a re-analysis of homeopathic patient data in comparison to control patient data from the same Outpatient´s Unit "Homeopathy in malignant diseases" of the Medical University of Vienna. In this analysis we took account of a probable immortal time bias. For patients suffering from advanced stages of cancer and surviving the first 6 or 12 months after diagnosis, respectively, the results show that utilizing homeopathy gives a statistically significant (p<0.001) advantage over control patients regarding survival time...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Agnieszka Olchowska-Kotala, Jarosław Barański
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess and compare attitudes, beliefs, and desire for education regarding CAM among Polish junior and senior doctors. DESIGN: A descriptive survey. SETTING: Between October 2014 and April 2015, 170 physicians were surveyed (89 senior and 81 junior doctors). The respondents were participating in vocational refresher courses for physicians or in specialist training organized by the Polish Chamber of Physicians and Dentists...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
M F Pedrero-Escalas, J Jimenez-Antolin, L Lassaletta, G Diaz-Saez, J Gavilán
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the most common cause of paediatric hearing loss. No single treatment has proved its effectiveness. There is a lack of evidence-based medicine studies in the area of homeopathy. METHOD: A prospective randomized, double blinded interventional placebo control study was conducted. Patients, from 2 months to 12 years, with OME diagnosed by pneumatic otoscopy (PNO) and tympanometry, were randomized into two groups. Both groups received aerosol therapy (mucolytics and corticosteroids)...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
André-Michael Beer, Ievgeniia Burlaka, Stephen Buskin, Borislav Kamenov, Andrea Pettenazzo, Diana Popova, María Pilar Riveros Huckstadt, Virgilijus Sakalinskas, Menachem Oberbaum
In order to better understand the global approach and country differences in physicians' usage, knowledge, and attitudes towards natural remedies and homeopathy in pediatric practice, an online survey involving 582 general pediatricians and general practitioners treating pediatric diseases was conducted in 6 countries. Overall, 17% of the pediatric prescriptions refer to phytotherapy and 15% refer to homeopathic preparations. Natural remedies and homeopathic preparations are more frequently used in upper respiratory tract infections, infant colic, sleep disturbances, and recurrent infections...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Silvia Waisse, Leoni Villano Bonamin
Facing claims for and against the scientific status of homeopathy, one is entitled to ask: is there a scientific model for homeopathy? In this study we reconstructed the model put forward by Hahnemann. The results showed that it was essentially based on the assumption of a 'vital force' exclusive to living beings. While the vital force was a basic element of 18th-century science, the existence of such a sui generis force of nature was refuted with the formulation of the law of the conservation of energy by mid-19th century...
August 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Karin Thieves, Andreas Gleiss, Karl Wilhelm Kratky, Michael Frass
INTRODUCTION: Beauvais presented the application of a so-called 'quantum-like model of homeopathy' by introducing the idea of a type of randomization/unblinding which he called 'in situ'. He predicted that randomized studies based on this type of randomization/unblinding lead to more pronounced effects in placebo controlled randomized homeopathic trials. We designed an experiment regarding wheat germination and stalk length to investigate Beauvais' idea of 'in situ randomization/unblinding' using a homeopathic dilution of sulphur (LM VI) as compared to placebo as well as to water...
August 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
José Roberto Pereira Guedes, Solange Carrasco, Cláudia M Ferreira, Leoni V Bonamin, Cláudia Goldenstein-Schainberg, Vanessa Martins, Vera L Capelozzi
BACKGROUND: As a therapeutic system, homeopathy is supported by: i) similitude and experimentation in healthy individuals, ii) potentization. A challenge for researchers consists in looking for signals in water (or vehicle) to explain the storage of information in extremely high dilutions and the transfer of such information to the living systems. Anuran amphibian metamorphosis is controlled by thyroid hormones (TH), including the resorption of the tadpole tail. Apoptosis is a genetically regulated form of cell death that can be triggered by various extracellular and intracellular stimuli resulting in coordinated activation of a family of cysteine proteases called caspases...
August 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Marcus Zulian Teixeira, Sérgio Podgaec, Edmund Chada Baracat
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes difficult-to-treat pelvic pain. Thus being, many patients seek help in complementary and alternative medicine, including homeopathy. The effectiveness of homeopathic treatment for endometriosis is controversial due to the lack of evidences in the literature. The aim of the present randomized controlled trial is to assess the efficacy of potentized estrogen compared to placebo in the treatment of chronic pelvic pain associated with endometriosis...
August 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Suvarna Joshi, Sandeepan Mukerjee, Shashikant Vaidya, Gitanjali Talele, Abhay Chowdhary, Rajesh Shah
BACKGROUND: Most of the nosodes in the homeopathic pharmacopeia have been sourced from obscure pathological material over a century ago; of which no scientific documentation is available. METHOD: A method for preparation and standardization of univalent and polyvalent Mycobacterium nosodes (labeled as Emtact), using different strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was developed. The committee comprising microbiologists, scientist, pharmacist, homeopaths and clinicians had reviewed and approved the method of preparation of nosode...
August 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
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