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Medication error AND elderly

Nidhi S Patel, Tejas K Patel, Parvati B Patel, Viren N Naik, C B Tripathi
PURPOSE: The study aimed to measure the percentage of preventable adverse drug reactions that lead to the hospitalization (PADRAd) and to explore the heterogeneity in its estimation through subgroup analysis of study characteristics. METHODS: Two investigators independently searched in electronic databases and related bibliography for prospective studies involving PADRAd. We excluded studies investigating medication errors and spontaneous and retrospective reporting...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Adewole S Adamson, Elizabeth A Suarez, April R Gorman
Importance: Prescription underuse is associated with poorer clinical outcomes. A significant proportion of underuse is owing to primary nonadherence, defined as the rate at which patients fail to fill and pick up new prescriptions. Although electronic prescribing increases coordination of care and decreases errors, its effect on primary nonadherence is less certain. Objectives: To analyze factors associated with primary nonadherence to dermatologic medications and study whether electronic prescribing affects rates of primary nonadherence...
October 26, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Outi Laatikainen, Sami Sneck, Risto Bloigu, Minna Lahtinen, Timo Lauri, Miia Turpeinen
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are more likely to affect geriatric patients due to physiological changes occurring with aging. Even though this is an internationally recognized problem, similar research data in Finland is still lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the number of geriatric medication-related hospitalizations in the Finnish patient population and to discover the potential means of recognizing patients particularly at risk of ADEs. The study was conducted retrospectively from the 2014 emergency department patient records in Oulu University Hospital...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Emma Suggett, John Marriott
BACKGROUND: A number of methods exist for the risk assessment of hospital inpatients to determine the likelihood of patients experiencing drug-related problems (DRPs), including manual review of a patient's medication (medication reviews) and more complex electronic assessment using decision support alerts in electronic prescribing systems. A systematic review was conducted to determine the evidence base for potential risks associated with adult hospital inpatients that could not only lead to medication-related issues but might also be directly associated with pharmacist intervention...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Sara Modig, Cecilia Lenander, Nina Viberg, Patrik Midlöv
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to improve patient safety in the area of medication treatment among the elderly. The aim of this study was to explore which improvement needs and strengths, relating to medication safety, arise from a multi-professional intervention in primary care and further to describe and follow up on the agreements for change that were established within the intervention. METHODS: The SÄKLÄK project was a multi-professional intervention in primary care consisting of self-assessment, peer-review, feedback and written agreements for change...
October 4, 2016: BMC Family Practice
Abraham A Brody, Bryan Gibson, David Tresner-Kirsch, Heidi Kramer, Iona Thraen, Matthew E Coarr, Randall Rupper
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of discrepancies between medication lists that referring providers and home healthcare (HH) nurses create. DESIGN: The active medication list from the hospital at time of HH initiation was compared with the HH agency's plan of care medication list. An electronic algorithm was developed to compare the two lists for discrepancies. SETTING: Single large hospital and HH agency in the western United States...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Alonso Montiel-Luque, Antonio Jesús Núñez-Montenegro, Esther Martín-Aurioles, Felicísima García-Dillana, Maria Carmen Toro-Toro, José Antonio González-Correa
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of Ineffective Self-Health Management (ISHM) (00078) and its related factors in polymedicated patients over the age of 65 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive design was used. A home interview was conducted with each participant (N = 375) for data collection. FINDINGS: The prevalence of ISHM was 37.3%. The risk factors associated were social risk, depression, noncompliance, medication errors, and confusion with medications...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
N Asokan, V G Binesh
BACKGROUND: There are few population-based studies on prevalence of cutaneous problems in diabetes mellitus. AIMS: To identify skin problems associated with diabetes mellitus among elderly persons in a village in Kerala. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional survey, we compared the prevalence of skin problems among 287 elderly diabetics (aged 65 years or more) with 275 randomly selected elderly persons without diabetes mellitus...
September 20, 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Wen-Li Wang, Nancy Chen, Min-Muh Sheu, Jen-Hung Wang, Wen-Lin Hsu, Yih-Jin Hu
Visual impairment is associated with disability and poor quality of life. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors of visual impairment among the suburban elderly in Eastern Taiwan. The cross-sectional research was conducted from April 2012 to August 2012. The ocular condition examination took place in suburban areas of Hualien County. Medical records from local infirmaries and questionnaires were utilized to collect demographic data and systemic disease status. Logistic regression models were used for the simultaneous analysis of the association between the prevalence of visual impairment and risk factors...
September 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Aude Desnoyer, Bertrand Guignard, Pierre-Olivier Lang, Jules Desmeules, Nicole Vogt-Ferrier, Pascal Bonnabry
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate prescriptions include over-prescription, which refers to prescription of more drugs than clinically needed, mis-prescription which refers to incorrect prescription of a drug that is needed (as per drug, dose, drug interactions, duration of therapy, duplication, follow-up, etc.) and under-prescription which stands for failure to prescribe drugs that are needed. They are associated with adverse drug events, increased use of health-care services, morbimortality and health-care costs, and poorer quality of life...
November 2016: La Presse Médicale
Tor Endestad, Laura A Wortinger, Steinar Madsen, Sigurd Hortemo
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to test if highlighting and placement of substance name on medication package have the potential to reduce patient errors. BACKGROUND: An unintentional overdose of medication is a large health issue that might be linked to medication package design. In two experiments, placement, background color, and the active ingredient of generic medication packages were manipulated according to best human factors guidelines to reduce causes of labeling-related patient errors...
September 1, 2016: Human Factors
Blanca Rodríguez Vargas, Eva Delgado Silveira, Irene Iglesias Peinado, Teresa Bermejo Vicedo
Background Care transitions are risk points for medication discrepancies, especially in the elderly. Objective This study was undertaken to assess prevalence and describe medication reconciliation errors during admission in elderly patients and to analyze associated risk factors. We also evaluate the effect of these errors on the length of hospital stay. Setting General surgery, orthopedics, internal medicines and infectious diseases departments of a 1070-bed Spanish teaching hospital. Method This is a prospective observational study...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Robert M Kaiser, Susan L Kaiser
As professionals in geriatric medicine and social work, we are caregivers for our widowed mother of 90 years, a woman with neurocognitive disorder and multiple medical conditions. She has had repeated, problematic encounters with the health care system over the past 4 years. Caring successfully for an aging parent requires a comprehensive understanding of her unique medical, psychological, and functional status; need for social support; and overall goals of care. Poor communication between and among clinical teams-and with patients and families-is ubiquitous...
August 6, 2016: Gerontologist
X Tan, X Feng, J Chang, G Higa, L Wang, D Leslie
WHAT IS NEW AND OBJECTIVE: To assess oral antidiabetic drug use and associated health outcomes in American non-elderly adults with cancer METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted by analysing the Marketscan(®) Commercial Claims and Encounters Database from 2008 to 2009. Individuals 18-64 years with concomitant diagnoses of cancer (breast, prostate, colon or lung) and type 2 diabetes, and treated with oral antidiabetic medications were included. Medication adherence was assessed using the Medication Possession Ratio (MPR); logistic regression was used to analyse factors associated with non-adherence...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Melanie W Gironda, Annie L Nguyen, Laura M Mosqueda
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between individual characteristics and potential correlates of elder abuse in older adults who present with fractures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of deidentified data extracted from medical records. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and with a primary diagnosis of any fracture admitted to an outpatient department or emergency department (ED) in a single southern California medical center over a 36-month period (N = 652)...
August 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Hugo A J M de Wit, Kim P G M Hurkens, Carlota Mestres Gonzalvo, Machiel Smid, Walther Sipers, Bjorn Winkens, Wubbo J Mulder, Rob Janknegt, Frans R Verhey, Paul-Hugo M van der Kuy, Jos M G A Schols
OBJECTIVES: First, to estimate the added value of a clinical decision support system (CDSS) in the performance of medication reviews in hospitalised elderly. Second, to identify the limitations of the current CDSS by analysing generated drug-related problems (DRPs). METHODS: Medication reviews were performed in patients admitted to the geriatric ward of the Zuyderland medical centre. Additionally, electronically available patient information was introduced into a CDSS...
2016: SpringerPlus
Amanda H Lavan, Paul F Gallagher, Denis O'Mahony
The global population of multimorbid older people is growing steadily. Multimorbidity is the principal cause of complex polypharmacy, which in turn is the prime risk factor for inappropriate prescribing and adverse drug reactions and events. Those who prescribe for older frailer multimorbid people are particularly prone to committing prescribing errors of various kinds. The causes of prescribing errors in this patient population are multifaceted and complex, including prescribers' lack of knowledge of aging physiology, geriatric medicine, and geriatric pharmacotherapy, overprescribing that frequently leads to major polypharmacy, inappropriate prescribing, and inappropriate drug omission...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Antonia K Bernhardt, Joanne Lynn, Gregory Berger, James A Lee, Kevin Reuter, Joan Davanzo, Anne Montgomery, Allen Dobson
POLICY POINTS: At age 65, the average man and woman can respectively expect 1.5 years and 2.5 years of requiring daily help with "activities of daily living." Available services fail to match frail elders' needs, thereby routinely generating errors, unreliability, unwanted services, unmet needs, and high costs. The number of elderly Medicare beneficiaries likely to be frail will triple between 2000 and 2050. Low retirement savings, rising medical and long-term care costs, and declining family caregiver availability portend gaps in badly needed services...
September 2016: Milbank Quarterly
Marta Moro Agud, Rocío Menéndez Colino, María Del Coro Mauleón Ladrero, Margarita Ruano Encinar, Jesús Díez Sebastián, Elena Villamañán Bueno, Alicia Herrero Ambrosio, Juan Ignacio González Montalvo
Background During care transitions, discrepancies and medication errors often occur, putting patients at risk, especially older patients with polypharmacy. Objective To assess the results of a medication reconciliation and information programme for discharge of geriatric patients conducted through hospital information systems. Setting A 1300-bed university hospital in Madrid, Spain. Method A prospective observational study. Geriatricians selected candidates for medication reconciliation at discharge, and sent an electronic inter-consultation request to the pharmacy department...
August 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Natalia Krzyzaniak, Beata Bajorek
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the medication errors in hospitalized patients, comparing those in neonates with medication errors across the age spectrum. METHOD: In tier 1, PubMed, Embase and Google Scholar were searched, using selected MeSH terms relating to hospitalized paediatric, adult and elderly populations. Tier 2 involved a search of the same electronic databases for literature relating to hospitalized neonatal patients. RESULTS: A total of 58 articles were reviewed...
June 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
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