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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#1
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321707/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-for-dsm-5-level-2-anger-scale-child-form-for-children-aged-11-17-years-and-parent-form-for-children-aged-6-17-years
#2
Şermin Yalin Sapmaz, Handan Özek Erkuran, Nefize Yalin, Özlem Önen, Siğnem Öztekin, Canem Kavurma, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
Introduction: This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) Level 2 Anger Scale. Methods: The scale was prepared by translation and back translation of DSM-5 Level 2 Anger Scale. Study groups consisted of a clinical sample of cases diagnosed with depressive disorder and treated in a child and adolescent psychiatry unit and a community sample. The study was continued with 218 children and 160 parents...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302538/psychiatric-morbidity-in-spouses-of-patients-with-alcohol-related-disorders
#3
Aruna Dandu, S Bharathi, Shankar Reddy Dudala
Context: Alcohol dependence is on rise world over, especially in developing countries such as India. According to the World Health Organization, about 30% of Indians consume alcohol, out of which 4%-13% are daily consumers and up to 50% of them, fall under the category of hazardous drinking. Another worrying trend from India is that the average age of initiation of alcohol use has reduced from 28 years during the 1980s to 17 years in 2007. In India, alcohol abuse also amounts to huge annual losses due to alcohol-related problems in workplaces...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301639/genetic-testing-as-a-supporting-tool-in-prescribing-psychiatric-medication-design-and-protocol-of-the-impact-study
#4
Deanna Herbert, Maria Neves-Pereira, Ruth Baidya, Sheraz Cheema, Sarah Groleau, Anashe Shahmirian, Arun K Tiwari, Clement C Zai, Nicole King, Daniel J Müller, James L Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy is one of the primary treatments for psychiatric disorders. Given the variation in individual response, a more personalized approach is needed. This paper will discuss methods for user-friendly referrals, recruitment criteria, data storage and dissemination, biological sample and clinical questionnaire collection, and advertising. METHODS: The Individualized Medicine: Pharmacogenetics Assessment and Clinical Treatment (IMPACT) study is one of the first to use pharmacogenetic testing on a large scale in psychiatry as a tool to predict individual drug response and tolerability...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283984/stigmatization-of-mentally-ill-patients-through-media
#5
Dragan Babić, Romana Babić, Ivan Vasilj, Esmina Avdibegović
The stigmatization of mentally ill patients has negative labelling, marginalization and exclusion of people simply because they have a mental illness. Stigma has negative consequences for the individual and his family, as well as for psychiatry as a profession and the entire community. Stigma weakens the mentally ill, reinforcing a sense of alienation, which has negative consequences on the course of the illness. The media can inform the public about the treatment of mentally ill patients by conveying correct information, who can then act positively towards improving the quality of treatment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245170/-consequences-of-a-failed-project-introduction-and-management-of-a-hospitalization-substituting-treatment-model
#6
Uwe Peters
This article is a report on a psychiatric project introducing services that substitute in-patient treatment and a new control and management system. The implementation of the project was a failure. Nevertheless, the project has made a contribution to further development of community-based psychiatry. Design, organization and course of the project are described and analyzed from the point of view of the communal actors involved. Effects going beyond the time course of the project have been taken into consideration...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237198/-sociology-as-a-major-factor-for-the-psychiatrie-enquete-in-the-federal-republic-of-germany-results-from-expert-interviews-and-document-analyses
#7
Felicitas Söhner, Heiner Fangerau, Thomas Becker
Objective This paper examines the influence of sociology as a discipline on the Psychiatrie-Enquete by analysing interviews with expert (psychiatrist, psychologist, sociologist etc.) witnesses of the Enquete process and by analysing pertinent documents. Methods 24 interviews were conducted and analysed using qualitative secondary analysis. Results Sociological texts and research results influenced the professional development of psychiatrists at the time. Cross-talk between psychiatry and sociology developed through seminal sociological analyses of psychiatric institutions and the interest taken in medical institutions in a number of sociological texts...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#8
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205757/enhancing-metabolic-monitoring-for-children-and-adolescents-using-second-generation-antipsychotics
#9
Mary Coughlin, Catherine L Goldie, Deborah Tregunno, Joan Tranmer, Marina Kanellos-Sutton, Sarosh Khalid-Khan
The prevalence of children and adolescents using second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has increased significantly in recent years. In this population, SGAs are used to treat mood and behavioural disorders although considered 'off-label' or not approved for these indications. Metabolic monitoring is the systematic physical health assessment of antipsychotic users utilized to detect cardiovascular and endocrine side effects and prevent adverse events such as weight gain, hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidemia, and arrhythmias...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203502/characteristics-of-nps-use-in-patients-admitted-to-acute-psychiatric-services-in-southeast-scotland-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis-following-public-health-interventions
#10
Kyle H Bennett, Helen M Hare, Robert M Waller, Helen L Alderson, Stephen Lawrie
OBJECTIVES: Assess the impact of selective prohibition and seizure of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) supply on NPS use prevalence within psychiatric admissions and evaluate demographic characteristics of current NPS users. DESIGN: A 6-month retrospective cross-sectional analysis of discharge letters between 1 October 2015 and 31 March 2016. SETTING: General psychiatry inpatients and intensive home treatment team (IHTT) community patients at a psychiatric hospital in a Scottish city...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202428/factors-influencing-participation-of-psychiatry-inpatients-in-clinical-trials
#11
Nandeeshwar Reddy Mopuru, Sam Padamadan Jose, Biju Viswanath, C Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Serious concerns have arisen in recent years regarding the unethical and illegal practices resorted to during clinical trials. Clinical trials in psychiatry are further complicated by issues such as 'validity of consent' and 'decision making capacity' of patients. This study was planned to explore the factors determining patient participation in clinical trials. A random sample of 123 consenting psychiatry inpatients were provided the information and consent-form of a hypothetical clinical drug trial. They were interviewed regarding their decision, the decision maker and factors that led to the decision...
November 29, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193999/nursing-and-the-emergence-of-egoless-care-a-discussion-on-social-engineering-in-mental-health
#12
Gert Schout, Gideon de Jong
The narrowing of the diverse fields of psychiatry to just the single dimension of the biomedical model has resulted in a situation where professions with a focus on curing (psychiatrists and psychologists) are favoured over those with a focus on caring and encouraging near communities to care for each other (nurses). The social engineering of mental problems leads to a state of helplessness. This paper contributes to an understanding of the barriers to utilise the social resources of people with mental health problems and argues for forms of "indirect social engineering" and "egoless care," and, ultimately, a rediscovery of nursing, using the mental health care in the Netherlands as a case study...
December 1, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185151/the-use-of-access-groups-for-engagement-in-community-mental-health-post-hospitalization
#13
David L Roberts, Dawn I Velligan, Megan Fredrick
This paper describes a novel approach to engaging psychiatric patients in care after discharge from inpatient or ER treatment. The Access Group model provides rapid, flexible, high-volume intake for up to 20 patient referrals per day. Patients are scheduled for intake by referring hospital clinicians using an online scheduling software and can be seen within 1-3 days of hospital discharge. Access allows flexibility, easy rescheduling, and limited wait time. At intake, patients and family members participate in a structured group intake procedure from which they are scheduled for follow-up psychiatry, therapy, and social work appointments...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159768/the-impact-of-dealing-with-the-late-effects-of-national-socialist-terror-on-west-german-psychiatric-care
#14
Felicitas Söhner, Gerhard Baader
Health damages and the late effects of NS trauma were largely ignored in German-speaking countries. This paper describes how dealing with the late effects of Nazi terror influenced post-war psychiatry in West Germany and thus the development of the psychiatric reform. As part of a greater overview study of the impulses and framework conditions of the reform-orientated development of post-war psychiatry in West Germany, this analysis is based on a thorough literary and documentary analysis. The sources show that publications by Helmut Paul and Herberg [81] as well as Baeyer et al...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157496/medical-considerations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Diane DerMarderosian, Heather A Chapman, Christina Tortolani, Matthew D Willis
Eating disorders are a group of psychiatric disorders with potentially fatal medical complications. Early integrated care including the family as well as pediatric medicine, nutrition, psychology and psychiatry is critical for improving prognosis and limiting negative outcomes. Mental health services are a critical component of treatment; timely weight restoration maximizes efficacy. Despite being relatively common, there are many misperceptions about eating disorders, their severity, and the associated morbidity and mortality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145062/differentiating-multiple-vs-single-lifetime-suicide-attempters-with-bipolar-disorders-a-retrospective-study
#16
Chiara Arici, Laura Cremaschi, Cristina Dobrea, Matteo Vismara, Benedetta Grancini, Beatrice Benatti, Massimiliano Buoli, Shefali Miller, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
BACKGROUND: The risk of suicide in Bipolar Disorder (BD) has been estimated up to 20-30 times higher compared with the general population. Previous suicide attempts (SAs) represent a well-established risk factor for further attempts and for death by suicide in patients with psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about the socio-demographic and clinical profile of BD patients with a history of multiple SAs (MSAs). The present study sought to characterize BD patients with MSAs versus single suicide attempt (SSA) within a large Italian sample...
October 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110352/the-screen-for-cognitive-impairment-in-psychiatry-proposal-for-a-polytomous-scoring-system
#17
Juana Gómez-Benito, Ángela I Berrío, Georgina Guilera, Emilio Rojo, Scot Purdon, Oscar Pino
The Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry is a simple, fast, and easy to administer scale that has been validated in clinical and community samples. The aim of this study was to propose a polytomous scoring system for the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry and to demonstrate its functioning, thus providing new and complementary information regarding the utility and precision of this screening tool. Three hundred seventy-six Spanish patients diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorder were evaluated...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082768/enhancing-pediatricians-behavioral-health-competencies-through-child-psychiatry-consultation-and-education
#18
Heather J Walter, Gina Kackloudis, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio, Jonas Bromberg, David R DeMaso, Glenn Focht
The objective of this study was to assess feasibility, utilization, perceived value, and targeted behavioral health (BH) treatment self-efficacy associated with a collaborative child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) consultation and BH education program for pediatric primary care practitioners (PCPs). Eighty-one PCPs from 41 member practices of a statewide pediatric practice association affiliated with an academic medical center participated in a program comprising on-demand telephonic CAP consultation supported by an extensive BH learning community...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075320/psychiatrists-role-in-primary-health-care-in-greece-findings-from-a-quantitative-study
#19
Kyriakos Souliotis, Eirini Agapidaki, Chara Tzavara, Marina Economou
BACKGROUND: Although the need for integration of mental health services into primary care is well established little has been done. The outbreak of the recession found the Greek mental health system in transition. As a response to the crisis, governments implemented horizontal budget cuts instead of health reforms. This resulted in an unfavorable situation for mental health which was set once again on the sidelines of the health policy agenda. Previous studies suggest that the most prevalent disorders in the years of financial crisis in Greece are depression and anxiety while a general increase of the psychiatric morbidity is observed does not follow the population' needs...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#20
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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