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Community Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757026/controversial-aspects-of-community-psychiatry-the-italian-experience
#1
Mariano Bassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741616/a-systematic-review-of-genome-wide-research-on-psychotic-experiences-and-negative-symptom-traits-new-revelations-and-implications-for-psychiatry
#2
Angelica Ronald, Oliver Pain
We present a systematic review of genome-wide research on psychotic experience and negative symptom traits (PENS) in the community. We integrate these new findings, most of which have emerged over the last four years, with more established behaviour genetic and epidemiological research. The review includes the first genome-wide association studies of PENS, including a recent meta-analysis, and the first SNP heritability estimates. Sample sizes of < 10,000 participants mean that no genome-wide significant variants have yet been replicated...
May 8, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704421/functioning-of-the-various-forms-of-mental-health-care-in-poland-in-the-years-2010-2013-organizational-economic-and-financial-aspects
#3
Mira Lisiecka-Biełanowicz, Daria Biechowska, Dorota Cianciara
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was to verify the hypothesis about the high growth rate of expenditure on the provision of mental health in the past few years. High dynamics of the expenditure increase will result in the development of a model of community psychiatry and a gradual move away from the hospital psychiatric treatment towards mental health care in the open system, including the community one. METHODS: This research is based on data on the implementation of services for mental health care in the framework of agreements with the National Health Fund, which has been collected in the NFZ IT system...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699765/gay-and-gray-session-an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-transgender-aging
#4
Kevin Johnson, Brandon C Yarns, Janet M Abrams, Lilith A Calbridge, Daniel D Sewell
With the overarching goals of improving the healthcare of older transgender individuals and of inspiring pertinent clinical research, a session at the 2017 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry Annual Meeting focused on an interdisciplinary approach to transgender aging. The older the transgender adult, the more likely the individual grew up in a historical context when there was greater social stigma towards their gender identity, even among mental health professionals. In order to provide optimal healthcare to transgender adults, mental health care providers should become familiar with the basic terminology presented in this article...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697521/an-integrative-review-of-nurse-authored-research-to-improve-health-equity-and-human-rights-for-criminal-justice-involved-people
#5
Lorie S Goshin, Alison M Colbert, John F Carey
BACKGROUND: An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research literature on health equity and humane conditions for this population have not been aggregated, nor have the nursing research gaps in this area been systematically identified...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692615/the-effects-of-psychoeducational-family-intervention-on-coping-strategies-of-relatives-of-patients-with-bipolar-i-disorder-results-from-a-controlled-real-world-multicentric-study
#6
Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Claudio Malangone, Corrado De Rosa, Vincenzo Giallonardo, Giuseppina Borriello, Benedetta Pocai, Micaela Savorani, Luca Steardo, Debora Lampis, Franco Veltro, Francesco Bartoli, Francesco Bardicchia, Anna Maria Moroni, Giusy Ciampini, Emanuele Orlandi, Silvia Ferrari, Silvia Biondi, Sonia Iapichino, Enrico Pompili, Massimiliano Piselli, Alfonso Tortorella, Giuseppe Carrà, Andrea Fiorillo
Background: Psychoeducational family intervention (PFI) has been proven to be effective in improving the levels of family burden and patients' personal functioning in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders (BDs). Less is known about the impact of PFI on relatives' coping strategies in BD. Methods: A multicenter, controlled, outpatient trial funded by the Italian Ministry of Health and coordinated by the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" has been conducted in patients with bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and their key relatives consecutively recruited in 11 randomly selected Italian community mental health centers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687306/psychiatric-resident-participation-in-an-asylum-clinic-a-single-institutional-experience
#7
Nikhil A Patel, Nina Sreshta, Amber Frank, Robert P Marlin, J Wesley Boyd
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the experiences of adult psychiatry residents working in an established faculty-led asylum clinic within a community-based, academic residency program at the Cambridge Health Alliance. METHODS: Eighteen psychiatry residents who participated in the asylum clinic were sent electronic surveys asking about their background and experience. Respondents' responses were collected anonymously. RESULTS: Sixteen out of 18 (89%) trainees responded...
April 23, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669557/discovery-biology-of-neuropsychiatric-syndromes-dbns-a-center-for-integrating-clinical-medicine-and-basic-science
#8
Biju Viswanath, Naren P Rao, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Arun Kandasamy, Muralidharan Kesavan, Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, John P John, Odity Mukherjee, Meera Purushottam, Ramakrishnan Kannan, Bhupesh Mehta, Thennarasu Kandavel, B Binukumar, Jitender Saini, Deepak Jayarajan, A Shyamsundar, Sydney Moirangthem, K G Vijay Kumar, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Prabha S Chandra, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Pratima Murthy, Mitradas M Panicker, Upinder S Bhalla, Sumantra Chattarji, Vivek Benegal, Mathew Varghese, Janardhan Y C Reddy, Padinjat Raghu, Mahendra Rao, Sanjeev Jain
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that there are shared genetic, environmental and developmental risk factors in psychiatry, that cut across traditional diagnostic boundaries. With this background, the Discovery biology of neuropsychiatric syndromes (DBNS) proposes to recruit patients from five different syndromes (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, Alzheimer's dementia and substance use disorders), identify those with multiple affected relatives, and invite these families to participate in this study...
April 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643399/the-role-of-stabilizing-and-communicating-symptoms-given-overlapping-communities-in-psychopathology-networks
#9
Tessa F Blanken, Marie K Deserno, Jonas Dalege, Denny Borsboom, Peter Blanken, Gerard A Kerkhof, Angélique O J Cramer
Network theory, as a theoretical and methodological framework, is energizing many research fields, among which clinical psychology and psychiatry. Fundamental to the network theory of psychopathology is the role of specific symptoms and their interactions. Current statistical tools, however, fail to fully capture this constitutional property. We propose community detection tools as a means to evaluate the complex network structure of psychopathology, free from its original boundaries of distinct disorders. Unique to this approach is that symptoms can belong to multiple communities...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620415/the-third-new-zealand-psychiatry-of-old-age-services-and-workforce-survey
#10
Gary Cheung, Adam Sims, Bronwyn Copeland, Chris Collins, Sires Bharathan
OBJECTIVE: To survey the Psychiatry of Old Age (POA) services and workforce in New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: The NZ branch of Faculty of POA contacted the POA lead clinician and/or service manager of the 20 district health boards (DHBs) and completed a survey based on variables used in two similar previous national surveys. RESULTS: Seventeen services responded. We found acute inpatient beds and clinical staff time are funded differently across DHBs...
April 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614388/who-are-the-european-youths-willing-to-engage-in-radicalisation-a-multidisciplinary-review-of-their-psychological-and-social-profiles
#11
Nicolas Campelo, Alice Oppetit, Françoise Neau, David Cohen, Guillaume Bronsard
BACKGROUND: A new model of radicalisation has appeared in Western countries since the 2010s. Radical groups are smaller, less hierarchical and are mainly composed of young, homegrown individuals. The aim of this review is to decipher the profiles of the European adolescents and young adults who have embraced the cause of radical Islamism and to define the role of psychiatry in dealing with this issue. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in several databases from January 2010 to July 2017 and reviewed the relevant studies that included European adolescents and/or young adults and presented empirical data...
March 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578481/deficits-in-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-on-brain-spect-predict-treatment-resistant-depression
#12
Daniel G Amen, Derek V Taylor, Somayeh Meysami, Cyrus A Raji
BACKGROUND: Depression remains an important risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, yet few neuroimaging biomarkers are available to identify treatment response in depression. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare functional perfusion neuroimaging in persons with treatment resistant depression (TRD) compared to those experiencing full remission. METHODS: A total of 951 subjects from a community psychiatry cohort were scanned with perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the brain in both resting and task related settings...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577734/do-clinicians-assess-patients-religiousness-an-audit-of-an-aged-psychiatry-community-team
#13
Vahid Payman, Zheng Jie Lim
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and quality of religious history taking of patients by clinicians working in an old age psychiatry service. METHODS: A retrospective audit of 80 randomised patient files from the Koropiko Mental Health Services for Older People (MHSOP) in Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. RESULTS: A total of 66 clinical records were available for analysis. A religious history was taken in 33/66 (50%) patients...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573649/perceptions-and-practices-addressing-diversion-among-us-buprenorphine-prescribers
#14
Lewei Allison Lin, Michelle R Lofwall, Sharon L Walsh, Adam J Gordon, Hannah K Knudsen
BACKGROUND: While there has been a dramatic increase in prescribing of buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid use disorder in the US, little is known about prescribers' attitudes and practices regarding buprenorphine diversion and how they relate to prescriber characteristics. METHODS: A national random sample of buprenorphine prescribers (N = 1174) completed surveys from July 2014 to January 2017. Analyses examined relationships between prescriber and practice characteristics and prescriber perceptions and approaches regarding diversion...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564636/help-seeking-patterns-in-women-with-postpartum-severe-mental-illness-a-report-from-southern-india
#15
Harish Thippeswamy, Geetha Desai, Prabha Chandra
Postpartum severe mental illness (SMI) often presents with risks to mother-infant dyad and requires early assessment and interventions. The access to psychiatric care in low and middle income countries is complex. Help-seeking patterns in women with postpartum SMI has not been studied adequately. Hence, the present study was undertaken to examine the help-seeking pattern and reasons for delay in seeking psychiatry services among postpartum women with SMI. Successive patients with a diagnosis of postpartum SMI were recruited over a period of 2 years...
March 21, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562909/bibliometric-analysis-of-peer-reviewed-literature-in-transgender-health-1900-2017
#16
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Transgender community is marginalized and under-researched. Analysis of peer-reviewed literature in transgender health is needed to better understand health needs and human rights of transgender people. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze global research activity in transgender health published in peer-reviewed journals. METHODS: Peer-reviewed documents in transgender health were retrieved using Scopus database. VOSviewer was used to map frequently encountered author keywords while ArcGIS 10...
March 21, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557314/-hans-heinze-and-the-research-programme-of-the-german-association-of-child-psychiatry-and-therapeutic-education-1942-1945
#17
Klaus Schepker, Thomas Beddies
Hans Heinze and the Research Programme of the German Association of Child Psychiatry and Therapeutic Education 1942-1945 Upon its foundation in 1940, Paul Schröder, full professor for psychiatry in Leipzig, was the first president of the German Society for Child Psychiatry and Therapeutic Education (DGKH). Following his death in 1941, his student Hans Heinze (Brandenburg/H.) succeeded him, prevailing over Werner Villinger (Breslau). The principal task of the DGKH was considered to be the exploration of the genetic origins of intellectual disabilities and behavioural disorders among children and adolescents...
September 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548500/variations-in-involuntary-admission-rates-at-three-psychiatry-centres-in-the-dublin-involuntary-admission-study-dias-can-the-differences-be-explained
#18
Emmanuel Umama-Agada, Muhammad Asghar, Aoife Curley, Jane Gilhooley, Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
Involuntary psychiatric admission is an established practice for patients who are acutely or severely mentally ill but the factors contributing to involuntary (as opposed to voluntary) admission are not fully clear. Nor is it clear why rates of involuntary admission often vary between hospitals within the same jurisdiction. We studied all admissions, voluntary and involuntary, in three inpatient psychiatry units in Dublin, Ireland, which cover a population of 552,019 people, over a one-year period (1 July 2014 until 30 June 2015, inclusive), as part of the Dublin Involuntary Admission Study (DIAS)...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527058/general-hospital-psychiatry-in-india-history-scope-and-future
#19
REVIEW
Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Mamta Sood
Background: General hospital psychiatry units (GHPUs) are the major providers of mental health services in India. Unlike in high-income countries, GHPUs in India are also the main training centers for providing postgraduate training in psychiatry and allied disciplines. Aim: This paper traces the history of the GHPUs in India from beginning to the present. Material and Methods: PubMed, old issues of the Indian Journal of Psychiatry and related sources were searched with key words general hospital and psychiatry both electronically and manually to look for the related literature...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527048/the-development-of-mental-hospitals-in-west-bengal-a-brief-history-and-changing-trends
#20
REVIEW
Ranjan Bhattacharyya
The communication between G. S Bose and Sigmund Freud is a well-documented fact, and philosophical blend of rich cultural experiences is unique to modification of traditional psychoanalysis in the context of development of psychiatry in West Bengal. The Calcutta lunatic asylum was established at Bhowanipore, and first general hospital psychiatric unit was formed at R. G. Kar Medical College, Calcutta. Prof. Ajita Chakraborty was a pioneer to describe her struggling days in the early career and shared her views with experiences in her autobiography...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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