keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community Psychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#1
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440016/outcomes-and-feasibility-of-the-short-transitional-intervention-in-psychiatry-in-improving-the-transition-from-inpatient-treatment-to-the-community-a-pilot-study
#2
Anna Hegedüs, Bernd Kozel, Niklaus Fankhauser, Ian Needham, Johann Behrens
Discharge from psychiatric inpatient care is frequently described as chaotic, stressful, and emotionally charged. Following discharge, service users are vulnerable to becoming overwhelmed by the challenges involved in readapting to their home environments, which could result in serious problems and lead to readmission. The short transitional intervention in psychiatry (STeP) is a bridging intervention that includes pre- and post-discharge sections. It aims to prepare patients for specific situations in the period immediately following discharge from a psychiatric hospital...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426908/clinically-useful-brain-imaging-for-neuropsychiatry-how-can-we-get-there
#3
REVIEW
Michael P Milham, R Cameron Craddock, Arno Klein
Despite decades of research, visions of transforming neuropsychiatry through the development of brain imaging-based "growth charts" or "lab tests" have remained out of reach. In recent years, there is renewed enthusiasm about the prospect of achieving clinically useful tools capable of aiding the diagnosis and management of neuropsychiatric disorders. The present work explores the basis for this enthusiasm. We assert that there is no single advance that currently has the potential to drive the field of clinical brain imaging forward...
April 20, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413369/evaluation-of-quality-indicators-of-integrated-care-in-a-regional-psychiatry-budget-a-pre-post-comparison-by-secondary-data-analysis
#4
Anne Berghöfer, Svenja Hubmann, Thomas Birker, Torsten Hejnal, Felix Fischer
The Regional Psychiatry Budget (RPB), as a special arrangement within the German Federal Hospital Refund Regulation, is based on the capitation principle. A lump sum is allocated to a major inpatient care provider in a large region on a yearly basis. Under this model, the provider is free to offer all forms of treatment and to construct individual models of integrated care that specifically suit the region and the needs of community members. The present study aimed to evaluate selected aspects that represent a change in the psychiatric health status of patients in the covered region under the conditions of the RPB...
December 31, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403503/-psychiatry-in-east-germany-gdr-between-awakening-and-stagnation-the-brandenburg-proposition-to-the-therapeutic-community-1974-76
#5
Ekkehardt Kumbier, Kathleen Haack
Inspired by the concept of the English psychiatrist Maxwell Jones, the Brandenburg proposition or thesis towards the "Therapeutic Community" was formulated in 1974. Its objective was to transform the therapeutic environment in psychiatric hospitals of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Based on sources from the Federal Archive in Berlin and for the first time from the Historical Archive of the Asklepios Hospital in Brandenburg, the motivation, implementation and effect of the so-called Brandenburg proposition will be analysed within its socio-political context...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397612/adolescent-friendships-predict-later-resilient-functioning-across-psychosocial-domains-in-a-healthy-community-cohort
#6
A-L van Harmelen, R A Kievit, K Ioannidis, S Neufeld, P B Jones, E Bullmore, R Dolan, P Fonagy, I Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a key time period for the emergence of psychosocial and mental health difficulties. To promote adolescent adaptive ('resilient') psychosocial functioning (PSF), appropriate conceptualisation and quantification of such functioning and its predictors is a crucial first step. Here, we quantify resilient functioning as the degree to which an individual functions better or worse than expected given their self-reported childhood family experiences, and relate this to adolescent family and friendship support...
April 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373686/an-update-on-stem-cell-biology-and-engineering-for-brain-development
#7
C J C Parr, S Yamanaka, H Saito
Two recent technologies, induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and direct somatic reprogramming, have shown enormous potential for cell-based therapies against intractable diseases such as those that affect the central nervous system. Already, methods that generate most major cell types of the human brain exist. Whether the cell types are directly reprogrammed from human somatic cells or differentiated from an iPSC intermediate, the overview presented here demonstrates how these protocols vary greatly in their efficiencies, purity and maturation of the resulting cells...
April 4, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365002/national-survey-on-pediatric-acute-agitation-and-behavioral-escalation-in-academic-inpatient-pediatric-care-settings
#8
Nasuh Malas, Linden Spital, Jason Fischer, Yu Kawai, David Cruz, Patricia Keefer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute agitation and behavioral escalation (PAABE) is common and disruptive to pediatric inpatient health care. There is a paucity of literature on PAABE in noncritical care inpatient pediatric care settings with little consensus on its evaluation and management. METHODS: In January 2016, a 34-question survey was e-mailed to pediatric hospitalists and consultation-liaison psychiatrists through their respective professional listservs. Excluded responses included incomplete surveys, and surveys from providers in community care settings...
January 27, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361166/-the-first-mental-health-act-in-china-2013-an%C3%A2-historical-step-towards-human-rights
#9
X Zhao
In the past, the mentally ill used to be relentlessly stigmatized and their basic needs grossly neglected in China. Only the coastal cities with their Western oriented universities provided Western type mental healthcare. In general, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) embracing medicinal herbs and acupuncture was practiced. Mental hospitals were non-existent before 1889 and care of the chronically mentally ill rested with their families and the community; however, the prevalence and spectrum of mental disorders were similar to those in Western countries...
March 30, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360805/effect-of-increased-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-nlr-and-decreased-mean-platelet-volume-mpv-values-on-inflammation-in-acute-mania
#10
Hasan Mayda, Ahmet Ahsen, Erman Bağcioğlu, Ahmet Öztürk, Bülent Bahçeci, Etem Soyuçok, Erol Başpinar, Memnune Sena Ulu
INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) are simple, low-cost, and useful inflammatory markers detected in routine complete blood count (CBC), and their use has recently become widespread. In this study, we aimed to investigate the presence of an inflammatory state in manic patients on the basis of NLR and MPV values. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 76 patients with acute mania who were admitted to the Inpatients Psychiatry Clinic of Afyon Kocatepe University Hospital in Turkey...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348385/depression-telomeres-and-mitochondrial-dna-between-and-within-person-associations-from-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#11
J E Verhoeven, D Révész, M Picard, E E Epel, O M Wolkowitz, K A Matthews, B W J H Penninx, E Puterman
Alterations in cellular aging, indexed by leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn), might partly account for the increased health risks in persons with depression. Although some studies indeed found cross-sectional associations of depression with LTL and mtDNAcn, the longitudinal associations remain unclear. This 10-year longitudinal study examined between- and within-person associations of depressive symptoms with LTL and mtDNAcn in a large community sample. Data are from years 15, 20 and 25 follow-up evaluations in 977 subjects from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study...
March 28, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322284/genomic-resources-for-the-study-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#12
G Senthil, T Dutka, L Bingaman, T Lehner
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has made sustained investments in the development of genomic resources over the last two decades. These investments have led to the development of the largest biorepository for psychiatric genetics as a centralized national resource. In the realm of genomic resources, NIMH has been supporting large team science (TS) consortia focused on gene discovery, fine mapping of loci, and functional genomics using state-of-the-art technologies. The scientific output from these efforts has not only begun to transform our understanding of the genetic architecture of neuropsychiatric disorders, but it has also led to a broader cultural change among the investigator community towards deeper collaborations and broad pre-publication sharing of data and resources...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320870/clinical-considerations-related-to-the-behavioral-manifestations-of-child-maltreatment
#13
Robert D Sege, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant health and behavior problems that may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has been remediated. Neurobiological research suggests that early maltreatment may result in an altered psychological and physiologic response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child's subsequent development. Pediatricians can assist caregivers by helping them recognize the abused or neglected child's emotional and behavioral responses associated with child maltreatment and guide them in the use of positive parenting strategies, referring the children and families to evidence-based therapeutic treatment and mobilizing available community resources...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317470/anthropology-brokerage-and-collaboration-in-the-development-of-a-tongan-public-psychiatry-local-lessons-for-global-mental-health
#14
Mike Poltorak
The Global Mental Health (GMH) movement has raised questions of the translatability of psychiatric concepts and the challenges of community engagement. In Tonga, the local psychiatrist Dr Puloka successfully established a publicly accessible psychiatry that has improved admission rates for serious mental illnesses and addressed some of the stigma attached to diagnosis. On the basis of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork with healers, doctors, and patients since 1998, this article offers an ethnographic contextualization of the development and reception of Puloka's three key interventions during the 1990s: (a) collaboration with traditional healers; (b) translation of psychiatric diagnoses into local cultural concepts; and (c) encouraging freedom of movement and legal appeal to involuntary admission...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260566/surviving-the-lunacy-act-of-1890-english-psychiatrists-and-professional-development-during-the-early-twentieth-century
#15
Akinobu Takabayashi
In recent decades, historians of English psychiatry have shifted their major concerns away from asylums and psychiatrists in the nineteenth century. This is also seen in the studies of twentieth-century psychiatry where historians have debated the rise of psychology, eugenics and community care. This shift in interest, however, does not indicate that English psychiatrists became passive and unimportant actors in the last century. In fact, they promoted Lunacy Law reform for a less asylum-dependent mode of psychiatry, with a strong emphasis on professional development...
April 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254245/design-of-a-multisite-study-assessing-the-impact-of-tic-disorders-on-individuals-families-and-communities
#16
E F Augustine, H R Adams, R H Bitsko, E van Wijngaarden, A H Claussen, A Thatcher, C E Hanks, A B Lewin, T G O'Connor, A Vierhile, M L Danielson, R Kurlan, T K Murphy, J W Mink
BACKGROUND: Tic disorders, including Tourette syndrome, are complex, multisymptom diseases, yet the impact of these disorders on affected children, families, and communities is not well understood. METHODS: To improve the understanding of the impacts of Tourette syndrome, two research groups conducted independent cross-sectional studies using qualitative and quantitative measures. They focused on similar themes, but distinct scientific objectives, and the sites collaborated to align methods of independent research proposals with the aim of increasing the analyzable sample size...
March 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243949/intersecting-cultures-in-deaf-mental-health-an-ethnographic-study-of-nhs-professionals-diagnosing-autism-in-d-deaf-children
#17
Natassia F Brenman, Anja Hiddinga, Barry Wright
Autism assessments for children who are deaf are particularly complex for a number of reasons, including overlapping cultural and clinical factors. We capture this in an ethnographic study of National Health Service child and adolescent mental health services in the United Kingdom, drawing on theoretical perspectives from transcultural psychiatry, which help to understand these services as a cultural system. Our objective was to analyse how mental health services interact with Deaf culture, as a source of cultural-linguistic identity...
February 27, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#18
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196998/clinical-profile-of-patients-seeking-services-at-urban-community-psychiatric-services-in-chandigarh
#19
Suravi Patra, Bir Singh Chavan, Nitin Gupta, Ajeet Sidana
CONTEXT: About two-third of patients with mental, neurological, and substance use disorder in India do not get adequate treatment due to insufficient clinical facilities. In a country with diverse population such as India, no single model can be effective and each region needs to develop local system of service delivery unique to population needs. Community outreach clinics (COCs) being run by the department of psychiatry provide mental health services in the primary health-care setting...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194547/madness-decolonized-madness-as-transnational-identity-in-gail-hornstein-s-agnes-s-jacket
#20
Gavin Miller
The US psychologist Gail Hornstein's monograph, Agnes's Jacket: A Psychologist's Search for the Meanings of Madness (2009), is an important intervention in the identity politics of the mad movement. Hornstein offers a resignified vision of mad identity that embroiders the central trope of an "anti-colonial" struggle to reclaim the experiential world "colonized" by psychiatry. A series of literal and figurative appeals makes recourse to the inner world and (corresponding) cultural world of the mad as well as to the ethno-symbolic cultural materials of dormant nationhood...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
keyword
keyword
27493
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"