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Xu Zhou, Weining Wu, Ailiang Zeng, Er Nie, Xin Jin, Tianfu Yu, Tongle Zhi, Kuan Jiang, Yingyi Wang, Junxia Zhang, Yongping You
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common primary malignancy in the brain and confers a uniformly poor prognosis. MicroRNAs have been shown to activate or inhibit tumorigenesis. Abnormalities in the p53 signaling pathway are found in various cancers and correlate with tumor formation. We examined the expression of microRNA-141-3p (miR-141-3p) in glioma of different grades by analysis of expression profiling databases and clinical specimens. Cell proliferation and flow cytometry assays were performed to evaluate the promotion of miR-141-3p in proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and temozolomide resistance of glioblastoma cells in vitro...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Dai Li, Sumei Xu, Yulu Wang, Dan Li, Xiaomin Li, Jing Pan, Pingsheng Xu
Since angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and calcium antagonists have complimentary mechanisms of action, enalapril, an ACE inhibitor, is used in combination with felodipine, a vascular selective dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, for the treatment of hypertension. The present study was designed to investigate the possible drug-drug interaction between these two agents in Chinese healthy subjects. A randomized, open-label, multiple-dose, 3-treatment, 3-period, 6-sequence cross-over study enrolling 12 healthy subjects (six male and six female subjects) was performed...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Sarala Manandhar, Chang-Gu Kim, Sun-Hee Lee, Soo Hyun Kang, Nikita Basnet, You Mie Lee
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are associated with cancer recurrence following radio/chemotherapy owing to their high resistance to therapeutic intervention. In this study, we investigated the role of exostoxin 1 (EXT1), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-residing type II transmembrane glycoprotein, in cancer cell stemness. DNA microarray analysis revealed that doxorubicin-resistant MCF7/ADR cells have high levels of EXT1 expression compared to its parental cell line, MCF7. These cells showed significantly higher populations of CSCs and larger populations of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH(+)) and CD44(+)/CD24(-)cells, as compared to MCF7 cells...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Subhadeep Roy, Atul Kumar Rawat, Shreesh Raj Sammi, Uma Devi, Manjari Singh, Swetlana Gautam, Rajnish Kumar Yadav, Jitendra Kumar Rawat, Lakhveer Singh, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Rakesh Pandey, Dinesh Kumar, Gaurav Kaithwas
Alpha linolenic acid is an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid and is reported to have the anti-cancer potential with no defined hypothesis or mechanism/s. Henceforth present study was in-quested to validate the effect of alpha linolenic acid on mitochondrial apoptosis, hypoxic microenvironment and de novo fatty acid synthesis using in-vitro and in-vivo studies. The IC50 value of alpha linolenic acid was recorded to be 17.55μM against ER+MCF-7 cells. Treatment with alpha linolenic acid was evident for the presence of early and late apoptotic signals along with mitochondrial depolarization, when studied through acridine orange/ethidium bromide and JC-1 staining...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
He-Fen Sun, Yang Zhao, Shui-Ping Gao, Liang-Dong Li, Wen-Yan Fu, Hong-Lin Jiang, Meng-Ting Chen, Li-Peng Yang, Wei Jin
To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of breast cancer in the male population, 8,607 cases of patients were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, including white males (n = 7122), black males (n = 1111), and other males (American Indian/AK Native, Asian/Pacific Islander) (n = 374). Black male breast cancer patients were more likely to be in stages II-IV and have more advanced tumors. The rate of lymph node (LN) involvement at diagnosis was higher in black men than in whites and others...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Raquel Torres-Guzmán, Bruna Calsina, Ana Hermoso, Carmen Baquero, Beatriz Alvarez, Joaquín Amat, Ann M McNulty, Xueqian Gong, Karsten Boehnke, Jian Du, Alfonso de Dios, Richard P Beckmann, Sean Buchanan, María José Lallena
Abemaciclib is an ATP-competitive, reversible kinase inhibitor selective for CDK4 and CDK6 that has shown antitumor activity as a single agent in hormone receptor positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer in clinical trials. Here, we examined the mechanistic effects of abemaciclib treatment using in vitro and in vivo breast cancer models. Treatment of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer cells with abemaciclib alone led to a decrease in phosphorylation of Rb, arrest at G1, and a decrease in cell proliferation...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
B Hua, X Lu, W Z Xiao, S R He, Z Wang
Objective: To analyze the differences of clinicopathological characters and prognostic factors between invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast (IMPC) and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) not otherwise specified of the breast. Methods: Patients who were treated from June 2008 to April 2016 in Breast Center of Beijing Hospital were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the differences between IMPC (n=59) and IDC (n=1 080). Follow-up was done every 3 to 6 months postoperatively with a deadline of July 31, 2016...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Christian von Rüden, Volker Bühren, Mario Perl
The adequate treatment of severely injured patients is challenging and can only be successfully executed when it starts at the accident site and is continued in all treatment phases including the early rehabilitation phase. Treatment should be performed by an interdisciplinary team guided by a trauma surgeon in order to adequately manage the severe injuries some of which are life-threatening. Treatment of polytrauma patients is a key task of certified trauma centers and must follow standardized guidelines. For a successful therapy of severely injured patients lifetime training at regular intervals in well-established polytrauma concepts is a mandatory requirement...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Shimin Zong, Tianyi Liu, Fangmin Wan, Pei Chen, Pan Luo, Hongjun Xiao
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress arises when excessive improperly folded proteins accumulate in the ER lumen. When ER stress occurs, the unfolded protein response (UPR) is subsequently activated to restore ER proteostasis. However, severe ER stress leads to apoptosis. Recent studies have suggested that cisplatin cytotoxicity may be related to ER stress. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ER stress participates in cochlear cell apoptosis in a cisplatin-induced ototoxicity rat model and to also determine the possible relationship between ER stress and hearing loss...
October 20, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Yin Zhang, Dan-Lan Wang, Hai-Yan Yan, Jian-You Liao, Jie-Hua He, Kai-Shun Hu, Wei-Xi Deng, Yan-Jie Wang, Hong-Tao Xing, H Phillip Koeffler, Dong Yin
Estrogen receptor (ER) plays important roles in cell growth, development and tumorigenesis. Although ER-regulated genes have been extensively investigated, little is known about roles of ER-regulated lncRNAs in breast cancer. Here, we conducted genome-wide study of ER-regulated lncRNAs by using RNA-seq, ChIP-seq and TCGA data. A total of identified 114 ER-regulated lncRNAs were identified, many of them were overexpressed in ER+ breast cancer and co-expressed with some key regulators. Silencing one of most prominent lncRNA, AP000439...
September 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
Donna Kennedy, Katarzyna Mnich, Deepu Oommen, Reka Chakravarthy, Leonardo Almeida-Souza, Michiel Krols, Svetlana Saveljeva, Karen Doyle, Sanjeev Gupta, Vincent Timmerman, Sophie Janssens, Adrienne M Gorman, Afshin Samali
BIM, a pro-apoptotic BH3-only protein, is a key regulator of the intrinsic (or mitochondrial) apoptosis pathway. Here, we show that BIM induction by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is suppressed in rat PC12 cells overexpressing heat shock protein B1 (HSPB1 or HSP27) and that this is due to enhanced proteasomal degradation of BIM. HSPB1 and BIM form a complex that immunoprecipitates with p-ERK1/2. We found that HSPB1-mediated proteasomal degradation of BIM is dependent on MEK-ERK signaling. Other studies have shown that several missense mutations in HSPB1 cause the peripheral neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, which is associated with nerve degeneration...
August 31, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Aaron A Mehus, Matthew J Picklo
Metallothioneins (MTs) perform important regulatory and cytoprotective functions in tissues including the brain. While it is known that energy restriction (ER) and dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deficiency impact postnatal brain growth and development, little data exist regarding the impact of undernutrition upon MT expression in growing animals. We tested the hypothesis that ER with and without dietary n-3 PUFA deficiency reduces MT expression in juvenile rats. ER rats were individually pair-fed at 75% of the ad libitum (AL) intake of control rats provided diets consisting of either soybean oil (SO) that is α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3n-3) sufficient or corn oil (CO; ALA-deficient)...
October 19, 2017: Nutrients
Taiho Kambe, Mayu Matsunaga, Taka-Aki Takeda
More than one-third of newly synthesized proteins are targeted to the early secretory pathway, which is comprised of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi apparatus, and other intermediate compartments. The early secretory pathway plays a key role in controlling the folding, assembly, maturation, modification, trafficking, and degradation of such proteins. A considerable proportion of the secretome requires zinc as an essential factor for its structural and catalytic functions, and recent findings reveal that zinc plays a pivotal role in the function of the early secretory pathway...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Qingyang Tang, Haiping Xia, Jianli Zhang, Baojiu Chen
Na5Lu9F32 single crystals co-doped with 1 mol. % Er(3+) and various concentrations (0.1 mol. %, 0.3 mol. %, 0.5 mol. %, 0.7 mol. %, and 1 mol. %) of Pr(3+) were successfully grown using the Bridgman method. Optical spectroscopic investigations of the obtained single crystal were reported for the absorption, emission, and luminous decay. The obtained single crystal appears with almost no absorption at the 2.7 μm band, attributable to the OH(-) bond. According to the Judd-Ofelt (J-O) theory, the J-O intense parameters of Er(3+) ions were calculated...
July 20, 2017: Applied Optics
Yuusuke Takashima, Masato Tanabe, Masanobu Haraguchi, Yoshiki Naoi
A polarizer with high extinction ratio (ER) was developed in the ultraviolet wavelength region using a germanium subwavelength grating (Ge-SWG). By utilizing an eigenmode with the Ge-SWG, a high ER was numerically predicted to exist without requiring a high structural aspect ratio. After using lithography to fabricate the proposed Ge-SWG, an experimentally high ER value of 17.4 dB was reached at a wavelength of 360 nm in the developed Ge-SWG, which had a very low structural aspect ratio of 1.67.
October 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Hangli Wang, Xuepeng Li, Mengruo Zhang, Kaixin Chen
We demonstrate a broadband 2×2 electro-optic switch based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with counter-tapered directional couplers (DCs). The counter-tapered DC is introduced here to replace the conventional one formed with uniform waveguides so that a splitting ratio of 50%∶50% is much easier to be realized over a wide wavelength range and, hence, increase bandwidth of the switch. The proposed switch is fabricated with x-cut lithium niobate by the annealed proton exchange process. A comparison of several experimental devices, fabricated on the same chip with the conventional and different counter-tapered DCs, respectively, confirms the increase of the bandwidth and the improvement of the fabrication tolerance by using the counter-tapered DC...
October 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Yuan Cheng, Kangning Sun
Core-shell structured SiO2@YVO4:Yb(3+), Er(3+), Eu(3+) nanospheres were prepared by a simple solgel method followed by a subsequent heat treatment. The as-prepared composites were characterized by a scanning electron microscope, high-resolution transmission electron microscope, x-ray diffraction, and photoluminescence spectra. The influences of different coating numbers were also studied. To sum up, the composites are spherical shaped with an average diameter of 200 nm, and the YVO4:Yb(3+), Er(3+), Eu(3+) luminescent particles are successfully coated on the surface of SiO2 nanospheres...
June 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Konstantin Gorbachenya, Viktor Kisel, Anatoly Yasukevich, Pavel Loiko, Xavier Mateos, Viktor Maltsev, Nikolai Leonyuk, Magdalena Aguiló, Francesc Díaz, Uwe Griebner, Valentin Petrov, Nikolai Kuleshov
A single-layer graphene saturable absorber is employed for passive Q-switching of an Er, Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 (Er,Yb:GdAB) compact laser, representing the first Er-doped oxoborate laser Q-switched by graphene. This laser is based on a c-cut 1.8 at. % Er(3+), 15 at. % Yb(3+):GdAB crystal diode-pumped at 0.976 μm. It generates a maximum average output power of 360 mW at 1.55 μm with a slope efficiency of 23% (with respect to the incident power). Stable ∼1  μJ/130  ns pulses are achieved at a repetition rate of 400 kHz...
June 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Xin-Yu Chen, Yang Yang, Li-Ping Ran, Zhao-di Dong, Er-Jin Zhang, Xu-Run Yu, Fei Xiong
Drought stress is a significant abiotic stress factor that affects wheat yield and quality. MicroRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in regulating caryopsis development in response to drought stress. However, little is known about the expression characteristics of miRNAs and how they regulate protein accumulation in wheat caryopsis under drought stress. To address this, two small RNA libraries of wheat caryopsis under control and drought stress conditions were constructed and sequenced. A total of 125 miRNAs were identified in the two samples, of which 110 were known and 15 were novel...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ina Karen Stoeck, Ji-Young Lee, Keisuke Tabata, Inés Romero-Brey, David Paul, Philipp Schult, Volker Lohmann, Lars Kaderali, Ralf Bartenschlager
Similar to other positive-strand RNA viruses, hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes massive rearrangements of intracellular membranes, resulting in a membranous web (MW) composed of predominantly double membrane vesicles (DMVs), the presumed sites of RNA replication. DMVs are enriched for cholesterol, but mechanistic details on the source and recruitment of cholesterol to the viral replication organelle are only partially known. Here we focused on selected lipid transfer proteins implicated in direct lipid transfer at various endoplasmic reticulum (ER) - membrane contact sites...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
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