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Elderly fall medication

Takamasa Komiyama, Takashi Ohi, Yoshitada Miyoshi, Takahisa Murakami, Akito Tsuboi, Yasutake Tomata, Ichiro Tsuji, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshinori Hattori
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the status of dentition is associated with incident functional disability in elderly people. METHODS: This prospective cohort study targeted community-dwelling Japanese adults of age ≥70 years (n=838). Participants were classified into the following four groups in accordance with Miyachi's Triangular Classification, which represents the status of dentition on the basis of numbers of remaining teeth and occlusal supports: Zone A, ≥10 occlusal supports; Zone B, 5-9 occlusal supports; Zone D, ≤4 occlusal supports and ≥11 remaining teeth and Zone C, ≤10 remaining teeth...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Kamalesh K Gulia, Velayudhan Mohan Kumar
In contrast to newborns, who spend 16-20 h in sleep each day, adults need only about sleep daily. However, many elderly may struggle to obtain those 8 h in one block. In addition to changes in sleep duration, sleep patterns change as age progresses. Like the physical changes that occur during old age, an alteration in sleep pattern is also a part of the normal ageing process. As people age, they tend to have a harder time falling asleep and more trouble staying asleep. Older people spend more time in the lighter stages of sleep than in deep sleep...
May 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Osakpolor Ogbebor, Ankit Agrawal, Balaji Yegneswaran
This is a case of an elderly woman who presented to our emergency room with an episode of a witnessed fall. The past medical history of the patient was significant for post-stroke epilepsy for which she was on oxcarbazepine. Initial blood work showed a white cell count of 4.5, haemoglobin of 12.4, and platelet count of 15,000. Peripheral blood smear showed normal platelet and red cell morphology without clumping. The patient's history suggested that she was recently started on oxcarbazepine prompting discontinuing of the drug...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Jeeyoung Hong, Hyoun-Joong Kong, Hyung-Jin Yoon
BACKGROUND: While physical exercise is known to help prevent falls in the elderly, bad weather and long distance between the home and place of exercise represent substantial deterrents for the elderly to join or continue attending exercise programs outside their residence. Conventional modalities for home exercise can be helpful but do not offer direct and prompt feedback to the participant, which minimizes the benefit. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop an elderly-friendly telepresence exercise platform and to evaluate the effects of a 12-week telepresence exercise program on fall-related risk factors in community-dwelling elderly women with a high risk of falling...
May 28, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Emily J Cameron, Susan K Bowles, Emily Gard Marshall, Melissa K Andrew
BACKGROUND: Falls and the resulting complications are common among frail older adults. We aimed to explore risk factors and potential prevention strategies for falls in elderly residents of Long-Term Care Facilities (LTCF). METHODS: This was a cross sectional study design using data from the Care by Design (CBD) study, within Nova Scotia's Capital District Health Authority. This observational time series cohort study collected data before, during and after the implementation of CBD, a new model of coordinated primary care in LTCF...
May 24, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Supriya G Mohile, William Dale, Mark R Somerfield, Mara A Schonberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Peggy S Burhenn, Beverly Canin, Harvey Jay Cohen, Holly M Holmes, Judith O Hopkins, Michelle C Janelsins, Alok A Khorana, Heidi D Klepin, Stuart M Lichtman, Karen M Mustian, William P Tew, Arti Hurria
Purpose To provide guidance regarding the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Results A total of 68 studies met eligibility criteria and form the evidentiary basis for the recommendations. Recommendations In patients ≥ 65 years receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA) should be used to identify vulnerabilities that are not routinely captured in oncology assessments...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Jiawen Wang, Feng Han, Qian Zhao, Bin Xia, Jialin Dai, Qian Wang, Shimei Huang, Cuiyun Le, Zhu Li, Jiangjin Liu, Ming Yang, Changwu Wan, Jie Wang
BACKGROUND Traumatic head injury is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. How clinicopathological features differ by age remains unclear. This epidemiological study analyzed the clinicopathological features of patients with head injury belonging to 3 age groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data of patients with traumatic head injury were obtained from the Department of Cerebral Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University and the Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital in 2011-2015. Their clinicopathological parameters were assessed...
May 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
A Schwarzer, M Kaisler, K Kipping, D Seybold, V Rausch, C Maier, J Vollert
BACKGROUND: Recent studies revealed an increased prescription rate of opioids for elderly patients suffering bone fractures. To gain further insight, we conducted face-to-face interviews in the present study to compare the opioid intake between patients with low-energy fractures and patients suffering from internal diseases. METHODS: In this case-control study, 992 patients, aged 60 years and older, were enrolled between March 2014 and February 2015. The interview comprised a fall and medication history, comorbidities, mobility and other risk factors for fractures...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Angelo Scuteri, Valentina Rovella, Danilo Alunni Fegatelli, Manfredi Tesauro, Marco Gabriele, Nicola Di Daniele
BACKGROUND: CV risk exponentially increases as the number of damaged organs increases The Systemic Hemodynamic Atherosclerotic Syndrome (SHATS) represents a novel conceptualization of the CV continuum focusing on simultaneous multi-organ alteration. This is the first study operationally defining SHATS and aimed at identifying its determinants. METHODS: Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (echocardiography), Common Carotid Artery plaque and increased thickness (ultrasound), and Chronic Kidney Disease (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate) indexed selective target organ damage...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Laura Nelson, Sally Kuzniewski, Michael Grossman, Jay A Yelon, Lisa Szydziak
Nontrauma service (NTS) admissions are an increasing problem as ground-level falls in elderly patients become more common. The admission and evaluation of trauma patients to nontrauma services in trauma centers seeking American College of Surgeons (ACS) verification, must follow the ACS mandates for performance improvement requiring some method of evaluating this population when admitted to services other than trauma, orthopedics, and neurosurgery. The purpose of this study and performance improvement project was to improve our process for the definition and evaluation of trauma patients who were being admitted to nontrauma services...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Berit Larsson, Dan Mellström, Lisa Johansson, Anna G Nilsson, Mattias Lorentzon, Daniel Sundh
Depression in the elderly is today often treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) because of their favorable adverse effect profile. However, treatment with SSRIs is associated with increased risk of fractures. Whether this increased risk depends on reduced bone strength or increased fall risk due to reduced physical function is not certain. The aim was therefore to investigate if treatment with SSRIs is associated with impaired bone microstructure, bone density, or physical function in older women...
May 5, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
Jun Sik Kim, Byung Yong Jeong
The study aimed to describe the characteristics of occupational injuries of female workers in the residential healthcare facilities for the elderly, and analyze human errors as causes of accidents. From the national industrial accident compensation data, 506 female injuries were analyzed by age and occupation. The results showed that medical service worker was the most prevalent (54.1%), followed by social welfare worker (20.4%). Among injuries, 55.7% were <1 year of work experience, and 37.9% were ≥60 years old...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Oliver Gembruch, Elias Lemonas, Yahya Ahmadipour, Ulrich Sure, Nicolai El Hindy, Oliver Müller
OBJECTIVE: The demographic change in the population leads to a rising number of patients presenting with fractures of the cervical spine, especially C-2, due to falls. With an increase of co-morbidities in these elder patients, the risk for intra- and postoperative complications is increased likewise. Thus, an alternative strategy instead of operative management of these fractures should be taken into account whenever possible. Conservative management of dens fractures in the elderly is still a subject of great controversy despite numerous studies on this topic...
June 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
C W Wong
Syncope is a prevalent health problem among elderly people. It may be neurally mediated or caused by conditions such as orthostatic hypotension, postprandial hypotension, and cardiac disorders. A combination of different aetiologies is not uncommon in the elderly people. Many pathophysiological processes, including age-related physiological changes, co-morbidities, concomitant medication use, and prolonged bedrest, coexist and predispose elderly people to syncope; advanced age and cardiac syncope are associated with increased mortality...
April 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Paul Harper, Daryl Pollock, Matt Stephens
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of age and gender on persistence and adherence in patients taking dabigatran for atrial fibrillation. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study over 4 years using refill prescription data from the National Pharmaceutical Database. SETTING: All patients in New Zealand who received dabigatran from July 2011 to September 2015. POPULATION: 43 339 people filled at least one prescription of dabigatran...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Mélanie L Beaulieu, Martijn L T M Müller, Nicolaas I Bohnen
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral neuropathy is a common condition in the elderly that can affect balance and gait. Postural imbalance and gait difficulties in Parkinson's disease (PD), therefore, may stem not only from the primary neurodegenerative process but also from age-related medical comorbidities. Elucidation of the effects of peripheral neuropathy on these difficulties in PD is important to provide more targeted and effective therapy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between lower-limb peripheral neuropathy and falls and gait performance in PD while accounting for disease-specific factors...
April 3, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Sibylle de Germay, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Jean-Louis Montastruc, François Montastruc
Anticholinergic drugs (also called antimuscarinics or atropinics) increase the risk of falls, cognitive impairment and/or mortality in older patients. These drugs belong to the lists of potentially inappropriate medications in the elderly. The aim of this review was to present and discuss the different tools available to measure the atropinic risk in drug exposure of older patients. Several scales, developed from biological and/or clinical criteria, allow to classify anticholinergic drugs according to their atropinic potency and to assign to them an atropinic burden...
March 7, 2018: Thérapie
Angela Sucerquia, José David López, Jesús Francisco Vargas-Bonilla
The consequences of a fall on an elderly person can be reduced if the accident is attended by medical personnel within the first hour. Independent elderly people often stay alone for long periods of time, being in more risk if they suffer a fall. The literature offers several approaches for detecting falls with embedded devices or smartphones using a triaxial accelerometer. Most of these approaches have not been tested with the target population or cannot be feasibly implemented in real-life conditions. In this work, we propose a fall detection methodology based on a non-linear classification feature and a Kalman filter with a periodicity detector to reduce the false positive rate...
April 5, 2018: Sensors
Kyle A Scarano, Frances H Philp, Edward R Westrick, Gregory T Altman, Daniel T Altman
Introduction: The United States and the world are currently experiencing a tremendous growth in the elderly population. Moreover, individuals surpassing the ages of 80 and 90 are also continuing to increase. As this unique division of society expands, it is critical that the medical community best understands how to assess, diagnose, and treat this population. The purpose of this study was to analyze morbidity, mortality, and overall outcome of patients aged 90 years and older after orthopedic surgical fracture repair...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Mun Yee Loke, Lydia Lay Yen Gan, Farida Islahudin
Falls are a major problem among the elderly and can lead to serious injury. Adults older than 65 years suffer the greatest number of severe falls. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and perception of medication related falls as well as preferred medication related fall prevention programs in the local population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among the elderly patients in a tertiary hospital. A total of 86 patients (n=86) were interviewed. Approximately 23.3% (20 patients) of the elderly had a history of falls over the past 6 months...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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