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Healthcare delivery science

Samuel Dery, Frances da-Costa Vroom, Anthony Godi, Seth Afagbedzi, Duah Dwomoh
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that ICT adoption contributes to productivity and economic growth. It is therefore important that health workers have knowledge in ICT to ensure adoption and uptake of ICT tools to enable efficient health delivery. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge and use of ICT among students of the College of Health Sciences at the University of Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among students in all the five Schools of the College of Health Sciences at the University of Ghana...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Shan Jiang, Stephen Verderber
OBJECTIVE: This present literature review explores current issues and research inconsistencies regarding the design of hospital circulation zones and the associated health-related outcomes. BACKGROUND: Large general hospitals are immense, highly sophisticated institutions. Empirical studies have indicated excessively institutional environments in large medical centers are a cause of negative effects to occupants, including stress, anxiety, wayfinding difficulties and spatial disorientation, lack of cognitional control, and stress associated with inadequate access to nature...
October 14, 2016: HERD
Jacob E Kurlander, Arjun R Sondhi, Akbar K Waljee, Stacy B Menees, Cathleen M Connell, Philip S Schoenfeld, Sameer D Saini
BACKGROUND: Bowel preparation is inadequate in a large proportion of colonoscopies, leading to multiple clinical and economic harms. While most patients receive some form of education before colonoscopy, there is no consensus on the best approach. AIMS: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of patient education interventions to improve bowel preparation. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database, CINAHL, EMBASE, Ovid, and Web of Science...
2016: PloS One
J Mc Sharry, P J Murphy, M Byrne
BACKGROUND: Decreased sexual activity and sexual problems are common among people with cardiovascular disease, negatively impacting relationship satisfaction and quality of life. International guidelines recommend routine delivery of sexual counselling to cardiac patients. The Cardiac Health and Relationship Management and Sexuality (CHARMS) baseline study in Ireland found, similar to international findings, limited implementation of sexual counselling guidelines in practice. The aim of the current study was to develop the CHARMS multi-level intervention to increase delivery of sexual counselling by healthcare professionals...
October 10, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Andrew J Knighton, Tom Belnap, Kim Brunisholz, Kelly Huynh, Jay T Bishoff
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of the protein-specific antigen (PSA) test in care means that prostate cancer (PCa) is being detected earlier and more frequently. The result of increased screening using PSA, digital rectal examination and awareness of prostate was an increase in the number of men with low risk cancers. Active surveillance has become a viable alternative to immediate treatment with surgery, radiation and other forms of localized treatment. Evidence suggests that there is no significant difference in mortality rates between AS and surgery...
2016: EGEMS
Feryal Erhun, Elizabeth Malcolm, Maziyar Kalani, Kimberly Brayton, Christine Nguyen, Steven M Asch, Terry Platchek, Arnold Milstein
OBJECTIVES: Nearly 57 million outpatient surgeries-invasive procedures performed on an outpatient basis in hospital outpatient departments (HOPDs) or ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs)-produced annually in the United States account for roughly 7% of healthcare expenditures. Although moving inpatient surgeries to outpatient settings has lowered the cost of care, substantial opportunities to improve the value of outpatient surgery remain. To exploit these remaining opportunities, we composed an evidence-based care delivery composite for national discussion and pilot testing...
2016: American Journal of Managed Care
C C Nnebue, C B Duru, K A Uwakwe, C O Ifeadike, B C Anyanwu, K M Adinnu, P O Nwaneri, I J Ufoh
BACKGROUND: Nigeria ranks among developing countries with poor neonatal health indices. This underscores the need for households and healthcare providers to understand the concept of newborn care and react appropriately and timely too. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge and practices of mothers in the Elele community regarding neonatal care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a community-based descriptive cross sectional study of 380 mothers who had a neonate...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Alison S Clay, Cheryl Misak
Health systems, granting agencies, and professional societies are increasingly involving patients and their family members in the delivery of healthcare and the improvement of health sciences. This is a laudable advance toward fully patient-centered medicine. However, patient engagement is not a simple matter, either practically or ethically. The complexities include: i) the physical limitations that patients and their family members may have, from travelling to meetings to special dietary needs; ii) the emotional sensitivities patients and their families might experience-from distress at discussions of disease prognosis, outcomes, and therapies to being inexperienced at public speaking; iii) the fact that advocacy efforts by patients and family members, which may be encouraged at the national level, may threaten individual professionals providing care to individual patients and may result in risk to patients...
August 30, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Yudong Miao, Liang Zhang, Vibeke Sparring, Sandeep Sandeep, Wenxi Tang, Xiaowei Sun, Da Feng, Ting Ye
BACKGROUND: Integrative strategy of health services delivery has been proven to be effective in economically developed countries, where the healthcare systems have enough qualified primary care providers. However rural China lacks such providers to act as gatekeeper, besides, Chinese rural hypertensive patients are usually of old age, more likely to be exposed to health risk factors and they experience a greater socio-economic burden. All these Chinese rural setting specific features make the effectiveness of integrative strategy of health services in improving health related quality of life among Chinese rural hypertensive patients uncertain...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Richard Ofori-Asenso, Petra Brhlikova, Allyson M Pollock
BACKGROUND: Rational medicine use is essential to optimize quality of healthcare delivery and resource utilization. We aim to conduct a systematic review of changes in prescribing patterns in the WHO African region and comparison with WHO indicators in two time periods 1995-2005 and 2006-2015. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in PubMed, Scopus, Web of science, Africa-Wide Nipad, Africa Journals Online (AJOL), Google scholar and International Network for Rational Use of Drugs (INRUD) Bibliography databases to identify primary studies reporting prescribing indicators at primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in Africa...
2016: BMC Public Health
Margaret Barnett, Brian Hixon, Neville Okwiri, Catherine Irungu, John Ayugi, Robin Thompson, Jennifer B Shinn, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Hearing loss is a public health concern, yet hearing healthcare disparities exist and influence utilization of rehabilitation services. The objective of this review was to systematically analyze the published literature on motivators, barriers, and compliance factors affecting adult patient access and utilization of hearing rehabilitation healthcare. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science were searched for relevant articles...
August 22, 2016: Laryngoscope
Yibeltal T Bayou, Yohana J S Mashalla, Gloria Thupayagale-Tshweneagae
SETTING: The study was conducted in Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia. Specifically, it was conducted in all healthcare facilities offering maternity and obstetric services. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the patterns of caesarean-section (CS) delivery in Addis Ababa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out between December 2013 and January 2014. The population for the study were women aged between 15 and 19 years of age who had given birth in the last 1-3 years before the date of data collection...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Fiona Barker, Emma Mackenzie, Lynette Elliott, Simon Jones, Simon de Lusignan
BACKGROUND: Acquired adult-onset hearing loss is a common long-term condition for which the most common intervention is hearing aid fitting. However, up to 40% of people fitted with a hearing aid either fail to use it or may not gain optimal benefit from it. This is an update of a review first published in The Cochrane Library in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term effectiveness of interventions to promote the use of hearing aids in adults with acquired hearing loss fitted with at least one hearing aid...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Stephen John Walters, Cindy Stern, Suzanne Robertson-Malt
BACKGROUND: There is a growing call by consumers and governments for healthcare to adopt systems and approaches to care to improve patient safety. Collaboration within healthcare settings is an important factor for improving systems of care. By using validated measurement instruments a standardized approach to assessing collaboration is possible, otherwise it is only an assumption that collaboration is occurring in any healthcare setting. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate and compare measurement properties of instruments that measure collaboration within healthcare settings, specifically those which have been psychometrically tested and validated...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Marcus Jackson, Ferruccio Pelone, Scott Reeves, Anne Marie Hassenkamp, Claire Emery, Kumud Titmarsh, Nan Greenwood
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review is linked to the multifaceted social, economic and personal challenges of dementia and the international recognition of the value of interprofessional education (IPE) and its influence on health and social care outcomes. This review therefore aimed to identify, describe and evaluate the impact of IPE interventions on health and social care practitioners (prequalification and postqualification) understanding of dementia, the quality of care for people with dementia and support for their carers...
2016: BMJ Open
Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Belinda Dewar, Azad Rahmani, Mansour Ghafourifard
BACKGROUND: Compassionate care is an international priority of healthcare professionals. There is little understanding about how workplace issues impact provision of compassionate care in nursing practice. Therefore, it is important to address the workplace issues and organizational factors which may hinder compassionate care delivery within nursing practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore workplace and organizational barriers to compassionate care from the nurses' perspective...
August 11, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Charles S Wiysonge, Leila H Abdullahi, Valantine N Ndze, Gregory D Hussey
BACKGROUND: Governments use different approaches to ensure that private for-profit healthcare services meet certain quality standards. Such government guidance, referred to as public stewardship, encompasses government policies, regulatory mechanisms, and implementation strategies for ensuring accountability in the delivery of services. However, the effectiveness of these strategies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have not been the subject of a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of public sector regulation, training, or co-ordination of the private for-profit health sector in low- and middle-income countries...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Alice B Aiken, Alyson L Mahar, Paul Kurdyak, Marlo Whitehead, Patti A Groome
BACKGROUND: Health services utilization by Veterans following release may be different than the general population as the result of occupational conditions, requirements and injuries. This study provides the first longitudinal overview of Canadian Veteran healthcare utilization in the Ontario public health system. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study designed to use Ontario's provincial healthcare data to study the demographics and healthcare utilization of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) & RCMP Veterans living in Ontario...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Jamie B Warren, Nikki Wiggins
Since the Institute of Medicine published Crossing the Quality Chasm in 2001, healthcare systems have become more focused on improving the quality of healthcare delivery. At Oregon Health & Science University and Doernbecher Children's Hospital, we recognize the need to take an interprofessional, team-based approach to improving the care we provide to our current and future patients. We describe here an ongoing quality improvement project in the Doernbecher Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), with specific attention to the factors we believe have contributed to the implementation and early success of the project...
July 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo, Leanne Chalmers, Colin M Curtain, Luke R E Bereznicki
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are one of the leading causes of hospital admissions and morbidity in developed countries and represent a substantial burden on healthcare delivery systems. However, there is little data available from low- and middle-income countries. This review compares the prevalence and characteristics of ADR-related hospitalisations in adults in developed and developing countries, including the mortality, severity and preventability associated with these events, commonly implicated drugs and contributing factors...
September 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
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