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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454134/back-pain-improves-significantly-following-discectomy-for-lumbar-disc-herniation
#1
R Kirk Owens, Leah Y Carreon, Erica F Bisson, Mohamad Bydon, Eric A Potts, Steven D Glassman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although lumbar disc herniation (LDH) classically presents with lower extremity radiculopathy, there are patients who have substantial associated back pain PURPOSE: To determine if patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with substantial back pain improve with decompression alone. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal observational cohort PATIENT SAMPLE: Patients enrolled in the Quality and Outcomes Database (QOD) with LDH and a baseline back pain score ≥ 5 of 10 who underwent 1 or 2-level lumbar discectomy only OUTCOME MEASURES: Back and leg pain scores (0-10), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and EuroQoL 5D (EQ-5D)...
February 14, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452985/effectiveness-of-two-home-ergonomic-programs-in-reducing-pain-and-enhancing-quality-of-life-in-informal-caregivers-of-post-stroke-patients-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Karen Lucia de Araújo Freitas Moreira, Gracia María Ábalos-Medina, Carmen Villaverde-Gutiérrez, Neide María Gomes de Lucena, Anderson Belmont Correia de Oliveira, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers of post-stroke patients usually undergo high levels of pain and stress and have a reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of two home ergonomic interventions aimed at reducing pain intensity and perceived stress and enhancing the quality of life in informal caregivers of chronic post-stroke patients. METHODS: A randomized single-blind controlled clinical trial was conducted, with a sample of 33 informal caregivers of patients with stroke...
February 13, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452920/patient-centered-medical-homes-did-not-improve-access-to-timely-follow-up-after-ed-visit
#3
Shih-Chuan Chou, Craig Rothenberg, Alicia Agnoli, Ilse Wiechers, Jason Lott, Jennifer Voorhees, Steven L Bernstein, Arjun K Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Patients newly insured through coverage expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) may have difficulty obtaining timely primary care follow-up appointments after emergency department (ED) discharge. We evaluated the association between availability of timely follow-up appointment with practice access improvements, including patient-centered medical home (PCMH) designations or extended-hours appointments. METHODS: We performed a secret-shopper audit of primary care practices in greater New Haven, Connecticut...
February 4, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451666/pilates-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Roberta Costa Espíndula, Gabriella Barbosa Nadas, Maria Inês da Rosa, Charlie Foster, Florentino Cardoso de Araújo, Antonio Jose Grande
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the leading type of cancer causing death in women worldwide. The incidence of the disease is expected to grow worldwide due to the aging of the population and risk factors related to lifestyle behaviors. Considering the lifestyle of women with breast cancer before or after surgery, pilates exercise may be a complementary intervention additionally to standard treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of pilates compared to other exercises and to no exercise for women with breast cancer diagnosis...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451016/evaluation-of-a-new-noninvasive-glucose-monitoring-device-by-means-of-standardized-meal-experiments
#5
Andreas Pfützner, Stephanie Strobl, Filiz Demircik, Lisa Redert, Johannes Pfützner, Anke H Pfützner, Alexander Lier
BACKGROUND: Frequent blood glucose readings are the most cumbersome aspect of diabetes treatment for many patients. The noninvasive TensorTip Combo Glucometer (CoG) component employs dedicated mathematical algorithms to analyze the collected signal and to predict tissue glucose at the fingertip. This study presents the performance of the CoG (the invasive and the noninvasive components) during a standardized meal experiment. METHODS: Each of the 36 participants (18 females and males each, age: 49 ± 18 years, 14 healthy subjects, 6 type 1 and 16 type 2 patients) received a device for conducting calibration at home...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449120/bilateral-phlegmasia-cerulea-dolens-after-warfarin-reversal-for-acute-rectal-bleeding-a-case-report
#6
Burr Fong, Daniel Novak, Michael Dalley, Gregory Alfred
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common disease that is diagnosed in approximately 1 in 1000 adults annually. Extensive DVT can lead to life- or limb-threatening diagnoses such as phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD), phlegmasia alba dolens, and venous gangrene. PCD, also known as massive iliofemoral venous thrombosis, is rare, and a severe complication of DVT. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 94-year-old bedridden woman with past medical history of dementia, hypertension, pulmonary embolism, DVT, and atrial fibrillation...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447133/computerised-training-improves-cognitive-performance-in-chronic-pain-a-participant-blinded-randomised-active-controlled-trial-with-remote-supervision
#7
Katharine S Baker, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Amit Lampit, Michael Valenzuela, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra
Chronic pain is associated with reduced efficiency of cognitive performance, and few studies have investigated methods of remediation. We trialled a computerised cognitive training protocol to determine whether it could attenuate cognitive difficulties in a chronic pain sample. Thirty-nine adults with chronic pain (mean age = 43.3, 61.5% females) were randomised to an 8-week online course (3 sessions/week from home) of game-like cognitive training exercises, or an active control involving watching documentary videos...
January 11, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444664/the-knitting-community-based-trial-for-older-women-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hands-design-and-rationale-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Paulette Guitard, Lucie Brosseau, George A Wells, Nicole Paquet, Gail Paterson, Karine Toupin-April, Sabrina Cavallo, Sibel Z Aydin, Guillaume Léonard, Gino De Angelis
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) has been reported to be higher amongst women over 50 years old (66%) compared to men of the same age (34%). Although exercise therapy has been shown effective in reducing symptoms and disability associated with HOA, adherence to treatment programs remains low. The primary objective of this RCT is to examine the effectiveness of a 12-week knitting program for morning stiffness (primary outcome) and pain relief (secondary outcome) 2 h post-wakening in females (aged 50 to 85 years old) with mild to moderate hand osteoarthritis (HOA)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441517/association-between-knee-pain-impaired-function-and-development-of-depressive-symptoms
#9
Keiko Sugai, Fujimi Takeda-Imai, Takehiro Michikawa, Takahiro Nakamura, Toru Takebayashi, Yuji Nishiwaki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between knee pain and function and depressive symptoms in older Japanese adults. DESIGN: Community-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Kurabuchi Town, Gumma Prefecture, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (N = 573; n = 260 men, n = 313 women) without depressive symptoms participated in baseline examinations in 2005 and 2006; 95.6% participated in follow-up interviews (2007-08)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440050/carer-experience-of-end-of-life-service-provision-a-social-network-analysis
#10
Rosemary Leonard, Debbie Horsfall, John Rosenberg, Kerrie Noonan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the position of formal service providers in the networks of those providing end-of-life care in the home from the perspective of the informal network. METHODS: Using third-generation social network analysis, this study examined the nature and strength of relationships of informal caring networks with formal service providers through individual carer interviews, focus groups of caring networks and outer network interviews. RESULTS: Service providers were usually highly valued for providing services, equipment, pain management and personalised care for the dying person plus support and advice to the principal carer about both caring tasks and negotiating the health system...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437802/acute-haemorrhage-from-a-retroperitoneal-liposarcoma-a-rare-presentation
#11
Mohammed Al Sheikh, Nick Simson, Obinna Obi-Njoku, Ahmed Qteishat
A previously healthy 61-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the emergency department after collapsing at home with associated abdominal pain radiating to her back. An urgent CT angiogram was requested to rule out a ruptured aortic aneurysm. This showed a large 21 cm fat-containing lesion arising from the mid-pole of the left kidney, with an adjacent 4 cm perirenal haematoma. An initial diagnosis of a ruptured angiomyolipoma was made. Her haemoglobin was 105 g/L, with a creatinine of 104 mmol/L and an eGFR of 47 mL/min...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437185/certified-nursing-assistants-understanding-of-nursing-home-residents-pain
#12
Elizabeth Halifax, Christine Miaskowski, Margaret Wallhagen
Pain is a significant problem for nursing home residents, yet its assessment is complex. Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) spend significant time with residents, but their role in understanding residents' pain is largely unexplored. The current qualitative grounded theory study analyzed interviews with 16 CNAs who described their experiences caring for residents in pain. Findings revealed how CNAs understood, recognized, interpreted, and responded to residents' pain. CNAs were found to differentiate between pain that they considered normal (everyday pain) and new pain judged significant enough to report to licensed nurses...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436114/interprofessional-learning-in-ambulatory-care
#13
Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Karla Seaman, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional practice amongst health care professionals can facilitate effective collaboration and can improve health outcomes for patients. Interprofessional clinical placements have mainly been established within inpatient settings; however, ambulatory care settings can also provide interprofessional education. This study evaluates an interprofessional placement in ambulatory care for medical and nursing students. METHODS: Medical and nursing students undertook a 2-week interprofessional placement in respiratory, diabetes and chronic pain clinics, as well as within the patient's home...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435467/a-rare-case-of-sphingomonas-paucimobilis-meningitis-in-the-absence-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-pleocytosis
#14
Hassan Mehmood, Noman Khan, Saad Ullah, Asad Ullah, Asghar Marwat
Sphingomonas paucimobilis is a nonfermentative gram-negative bacillus of low pathogenicity. The organism has been involved in causing a wide range of infections in community and hospital settings. Only 3 cases of meningitis caused by this organism have been reported so far. We report a rare case of S paucimobilis meningitis who presented with atypical symptoms. A 50-year-old female presented with headache, dizziness, chills, shakiness, and neck pain along with nuchal rigidity. On physical examination, severe neck rigidity along with decreased range of motion was noticed...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433497/a-painful-experience-of-limited-understanding-healthcare-professionals-experiences-with-palliative-care-of-people-with-severe-dementia-in-norwegian-nursing-homes
#15
May Helen Midtbust, Rigmor Einang Alnes, Eva Gjengedal, Else Lykkeslet
BACKGROUND: People dying with dementia have significant healthcare needs, and palliative care, with its focus on comfort and quality of life, should be made available to these patients. The aim of this study was to explore and increase knowledge of healthcare professionals' experiences with palliative care to people with severe dementia in nursing homes. METHODS: To describe the phenomenon under investigation, we used a phenomenological research approach grounded in the philosophy of Husserl...
February 13, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429312/programmed-shared-medical-appointments
#16
Garry Egger, John Stevens, Christopher Ganora, Bob Morgan
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the Australasian Society of Lifestyle Medicine (ASLM) introduced shared medical appointments (SMAs) for managing chronic disease in clinical practice. The popularity of SMAs has increased with the shift towards a Health Care Homes model. Programmed shared medical appointments (PSMAs) are an extension of the standard SMA model, designed to help manage more complex and specific chronic disease issues. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the process of PSMAs and consider their use in primary care...
January 2018: Aust J Gen Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426653/postoperative-symptom-distress-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-ambulatory-surgery-patients
#17
Jan Odom-Forren, Deborah B Reed, Carrell Rush
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify symptoms that cause postoperative distress in ambulatory surgery patients; (2) identify symptom management techniques that effectively reduce distress of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) postoperative symptoms at home after ambulatory surgery; and (3) identify facilitators and barriers to self-management of postoperative symptoms. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: Two focus groups of ambulatory surgery patients who had experienced a laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedure and their caregivers were queried to elicit understanding of postoperative symptoms and symptom management techniques...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425055/caring-for-life-limiting-illness-in-ethiopia-a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-outpatient-palliative-care-needs
#18
Eleanor Anderson Reid, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Nicola Ayers, Wondimagegnu Tigineh, Yoseph Mamo Azmera
BACKGROUND: Palliative care aims to reduce physical suffering and the emotional, spiritual, and psychosocial distress of life-limiting illness. Palliative care is a human right, yet there are vast disparities in its provision: of the 40 million people globally in need of palliative care, less than 10% receive it, largely in high-income countries. There is a particular paucity of data on palliative care needs across the spectrum of incurable disease in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this research were to assess the overall burden of life-limiting illness, the costs associated with life-limiting illness, and barriers to accessing palliative care in Ethiopia...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424236/home-based-pre-surgical-psychological-intervention-for-knee-osteoarthritis-happiknees-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Roshan das Nair, Jacqueline R Mhizha-Murira, Pippa Anderson, Hannah Carpenter, Simon Clarke, Sam Groves, Paul Leighton, Brigitte E Scammell, Gogem Topcu, David A Walsh, Nadina B Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a trial of a pre-surgical psychological intervention on pain, function, and mood in people with knee osteoarthritis listed for total knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: Multi-centre, mixed-methods feasibility randomized controlled trial of intervention plus usual care versus usual care. SETTING: Participants' homes or hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with knee osteoarthritis listed for total knee arthroplasty and score >7 on either subscales of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422124/experiences-of-urban-african-americans-with-cancer-pain
#20
Angelika Maly, Navdeep Singh, April Hazard Vallerand
The experience of cancer pain is poorly understood from the perspective of African Americans, who experience higher levels of pain, more pain-related distress, and poorer function than Caucasians. Decreased perceived control over pain may play a greater role for African American patients, affecting pain-related distress and function. The purpose of this study was to add to the understanding of cancer pain and perceived control over pain in African Americans, from the patients' perspective. This qualitative inquiry was part of a larger mixed-methods study testing an intervention to improve pain, pain-related distress, and functional status through increasing perceived control over pain...
February 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
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