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Kidney, ureter, Urinary Bladder, Urethra, Prostate, Testis

Ahmed A Shokeir, Ahmed M Harraz, Ahmed B Shehab El-Din
To overcome problems of damaged urinary tract tissues and complications of current procedures, tissue engineering (TE) techniques and stem cell (SC) research have achieved great progress. Although diversity of techniques is used, urologists should know the basics. We carried out a literature review regarding the basic principles and applications of TE and SC technologies in the genitourinary tract. We carried out MEDLINE/PubMed searches for English articles until March 2010 using a combination of the following keywords: bladder, erectile dysfunction, kidney, prostate, Peyronie's disease, stem cells, stress urinary incontinence, testis, tissue engineering, ureter, urethra and urinary tract...
December 2010: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Trina R Bailey, Daniel B Paulsen, Inder Sehgal, Giselle Hosgood
OBJECTIVE: To determine distribution of urokinase plasminogen activator-like protein and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor-like protein in urinary tract tissues of healthy dogs. ANIMALS: 11 healthy dogs. PROCEDURES: Necropsy specimens from kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, prostate, and testis were obtained from 4 sexually intact female dogs, 5 sexually intact males, and 2 castrated males; dogs ranged in age from juvenile to adult. Urokinase plasminogen activator-like protein and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor-like protein in tissue lysates from kidney, prostate, and testis were identified by use of SDS-PAGE, western blot analysis, and immunoprecipitation...
September 2006: American Journal of Veterinary Research
R Puustinen, N Sarvilinna, T Manninen, P Tuohimaa, T Ylikomi
OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticoid receptor interacting protein 1 (GRIP1) is a coactivator that binds to the nuclear hormone receptors in a ligand-dependent manner and mediates transcriptional activation of the target genes. The aim of this study was to investigate GRIP1 expression in various murine tissues and whether the protein is nuclear, cytoplasmic, or both. DESIGN: Two novel polyclonal antibodies against amino acids 34-47 and 468-481 of GRIP1 were raised and characterized in order to study the GRIP1 expression with immunohistochemistry...
September 2001: European Journal of Endocrinology
T B Hildebrandt, F Göritz, N C Pratt, D L Schmitt, S Quandt, J Raath, R R Hofmann
Transrectal ultrasonography was performed on five wild and two captive male African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and four captive male Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) to develop standards for assessment of reproductive health and status. The entire internal urogenital tract was visualized ultrasonographically by using a 3.5 MHz or a 7.5-MHz transducer in combination with a probe extension adapted for elephant anatomy. The findings were verified by postmortem ex situ ultrasound examinations in several individuals of each species...
June 1998: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
P Alm, J Alumets, R Håkanson, O Owman, N O Sjöberg, F Sundler, B Walles
VIP (Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide)-immunoreactive nerves were found throughout the genito-urinary tract of the cat; they were less numerous in the guinea pig and in the rat. In the cat, VIP nerves were particularly numerous in the neck of the urinary bladder and proximal urethra, in the uterine cervix and in the prostate gland. The nerves were found in smooth muscle, around blood vessels and in the connective tissue immediately beneath the epithelium. Ganglia were found below the trigonum area of the bladder, in the wall of the proximal urethra, and in paracervical tissue...
1980: Cell and Tissue Research
D M Woodhead, J R Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1968: International Surgery
T Achtstätter, R Moll, B Moore, W W Franke
Intermediate filament proteins of normal epithelia of the human and the bovine male urogenital tract and of certain human renal and bladder carcinomas have been studied by immunofluorescence microscopy and by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of cytoskeletal fractions from microdissected tissue samples. The patterns of expression of cytokeratin polypeptides differ in the various epithelia. Filaments of a cytokeratin nature have been identified in all true epithelial cells of the male urogenital tract, including renal tubules and rete testis...
May 1985: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
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