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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143199/cone-beam-ct-in-paediatric-dentistry-dimitra-project-position-statement
#1
REVIEW
Anne Caroline Oenning, Reinhilde Jacobs, Ruben Pauwels, Andreas Stratis, Mihaela Hedesiu, Benjamin Salmon
DIMITRA (dentomaxillofacial paediatric imaging: an investigation towards low-dose radiation induced risks) is a European multicenter and multidisciplinary project focused on optimizing cone-beam CT exposures for children and adolescents. With increasing use of cone-beam CT for dentomaxillofacial diagnostics, concern arises regarding radiation risks associated with this imaging modality, especially for children. Research evidence concerning cone-beam CT indications in children remains limited, while reports mention inconsistent recommendations for dose reduction...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140915/the-actual-versus-idealized-self-exploring-responses-to-feedback-about-implicit-bias-in-health-professionals
#2
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
PURPOSE: Implicit bias can adversely affect health disparities. The implicit association test (IAT) is a prompt to stimulate reflection; however, feedback about bias may trigger emotions that reduce the effectiveness of feedback interventions. Exploring how individuals process feedback about implicit bias may inform bias recognition and management curricula. The authors sought to explore how health professionals perceive the influence of the experience of taking the IAT and receiving their results...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140097/cad-cam-technologies-allowing-restorative-dentistry-to-push-the-envelope
#3
Daniel Alter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137958/knowledge-and-information-sources-on-standard-precautions-and-infection-control-of-health-sciences-students-at-king-saud-bin-abdulaziz-university-for-health-sciences-saudi-arabia-riyadh
#4
Abdullah Khubrani, Meshal Albesher, Abdulah Alkahtani, Faisal Alamri, Majid Alshamrani, Emad Masuadi
BACKGROUND: Only one study has been conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess medical students' knowledge of standard precautions (SPs) and infection control (IC). In this study, we examined knowledge of SPs and IC among clinical students attending the King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we targeted clinical students from the following five colleges: Medicine (fifth and sixth years); Dentistry (second semester of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth years); Applied Medical Sciences (third and fourth years); Nursing (third and fourth years); and Pharmacy (third, fourth, and fifth years)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136646/the-effect-of-interventions-aiming-to-optimise-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-in-dental-care-a-systematic-review
#5
Christin Löffler, Femke Böhmer
BACKGROUND: Abundant evidence in dentistry suggests that antibiotics are prescribed despite the existence of guidelines aiming to reduce the development of antibiotic resistance. This review investigated (1) which type of interventions aiming to optimise prescription of antibiotics exist in dentistry, (2) the effect of these interventions and (3) the specific strengths and limitations of the studies reporting on these interventions. METHOD: Literature search was based on Medline, Embase, Global Health, Cochrane CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136046/-a-woman-at-the-chair-is-nothing-out-of-the-ordinary-dental-practice-by-female-dentists-in-the-netherlands
#6
J J M Bruers, B A F M van Dam
Women currently make up 40% of the dentist population in the Netherlands. On the basis of enrolment in educational programmes their share can be expected to grow to more than half. The literature shows gender differences in preferences regarding work setting and duration of the working week. Men and women also differ from each other with respect to the way dental care is provided. The presented data demonstrate an increase in the number of women working in dentistry and research data have confirmed the presumed differences between male and female dentists...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136045/-dental-care-by-women-how-does-that-work-in-the-practice
#7
K Jerković-Ćosić
With a growing number of female dentists, changes in the collaboration between dentists and dental hygienists are possible. To assess the possible consequences of these changes in dentistry for cooperation with dental hygienists, two important aspects are discussed: differences in vision with respect to treatment and the profession and differences in communication styles. Female dentists seem to be more prevention-orientated and people-orientated and are therefore more like the group of female dental hygienists...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136044/-women-and-work-with-a-specific-focus-on-doctors-and-dentists
#8
A van Doorne-Huiskes
The differences between men and women in their participation in the labour force and education are diminishing: in 2015, 71% of all women between the ages of 20 and 65 had a paid job (in comparison with 82% of men) and the Emancipation monitor 2016 reveals that women more often receive higher education than men. In the study of medicine, this expresses itself in the fact that 68% of new students in 2015 were women. As a consequence the number of women doctors is increasing. The numbers for 2013 show that 65% of active dentists are men and 35% women...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136043/-first-woman-lecturer-in-prosthetic-dentistry-miss-j-g-schuiringa-1887-1975
#9
R de Raat
As the first woman lecturer in prosthetic dentistry at the Dental Institute of the University of Utrecht, Jans Gretha Schuiringa (1887-1975) had to win a position in a rapidly developing field. She undeniably made a significant contribution to the development of dental education and more specifically to the field of dental surgical prosthetics. Her dedication to her patients led her to strive continuously for better methods of treatment. From time to time, however, her militant character provoked resistance from her colleagues, curators of the medical faculty and students...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135752/experiences-and-shared-meaning-of-teamwork-and-interprofessional-collaboration-among-health-care-professionals-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#10
Carine Sangaleti, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Marina Peduzzi, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, teamwork has been addressed under the rationale of interprofessional practice or collaboration, highlighted by the attributes of this practice such as: interdependence of professional actions, focus on user needs, negotiation between professionals, shared decision making, mutual respect and trust among professionals, and acknowledgment of the role and work of the different professional groups. Teamwork and interprofessional collaboration have been pointed out as astrategy for effective organization of health care services as the complexity of healthcare requires integration of knowledge and practices from differente professional groups...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135335/retrospective-study-of-tapered-1-piece-implants-placed-over-a-10-year-period-in-a-single-private-practice
#11
John Minichetti, Joseph C D'Amore, Anna Yj Hong
Today clinicians have a variety of treatment modalities available to address the increasing number of implant procedures performed each year. Single-stage implant surgery is now commonly used in implant dentistry. With patient demands for immediate restoration, the utilization of 1-piece implants is gaining acceptance. This article reports the results of tapered 1-piece implants (Zimmer Biomet) placed in a single practice over a 10-year period. A total of 33 1-piece dental implants were placed in 24 patients and provisionally restored out of occlusion at the time of surgery...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135328/when-the-solution-becomes-a-problem-an-educational-discussion
#12
Gustavo Frainer Barbosa
Presenting patients with the opportunity to restore their smiles using dental implants, which is a reliable and widely accepted technique, is highly recommended. Therefore, a correct clinical judgment and a, consequently, dental implant treatment planning is a central component of a good practice of implant dentistry. Moreover, to the oral clinician be able to make better decisions and reach a more accurate clinical judgment, it is necessary continuing professional development being, this development, an essential professional activity for dentists that intend planning implant treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133967/comparison-of-marginal-microleakage-of-flowable-composite-restorations-in-primary-canine-teeth-prepared-with-high-speed-diamond-bur-er-yag-laser-and-er-cr-ysgg-laser
#13
Beheshteh Malekafzali, Mohammad Asnaashari, Fateme Javadi
Background and Objectives: Adhesive restorations have become highly popular in pediatric dentistry, and novel methods of cavity preparation with minimal patient discomfort including Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser preparations have greatly advanced. This study aimed to compare the microleakage of composite restorations of class V cavities prepared in primary canine teeth with high-speed bur and Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers. Materials and Methods: This in vitro study was conducted on 30 class V cavities prepared on the buccal surfaces of primary canine teeth in three groups (n = 10) of bur preparation, Er:YAG laser and Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133965/evaluation-of-adjunctive-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Farrokh Farhadi, Hosein Eslami, Alireza Majidi, Vahid Fakhrzadeh, Milad Ghanizadeh, Sahar KhademNeghad
Background and Aim: Wisdom teeth remains impacted in the jaw due to several reasons and surgery of impacted wisdom teeth is one of the most common surgeries in dental clinics. Pain, swelling and trismus are the common complications after this surgery which affect quality of life. In articles, various methods are introduced to control immediate inflammatory-response associated with third-molar surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adjunctive effect of low-level laser Therapy on pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133624/histopathological-histomorphometrical-and-radiological-evaluations-of-hydroxyapatite-bioactive-glass-and-fluorapatite-bioactive-glass-nanocomposite-foams-as-cell-scaffolds-in-rat-tibia-an-in-vivo-study
#15
Maryam Seyedmajidi, Sina Haghanifar, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Seyedali Seyedmajidi
Bone defects are common and persistent problems in clinical orthopedics and dentistry. The development of synthetic reconstruction materials is essential owing to the restricted access to natural bone grafts, disease transmission risks, surgical costs, donor-site morbidity, infections, and immune response-related complications. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the histopathological, histomorphometrical, and radiological characteristics of composite foams containing hydroxyapatite/bioactive glass (HA/BG) and fluorapatite/bioactive glass (FA/BG) as cell scaffolds in rat tibia reconstruction...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131724/the-latest-laser-innovations-in-dentistry
#16
Tatjana Dostalova, Helena Jelinkova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131460/pilot-study-on-the-effectiveness-and-students-attitude-towards-undergraduate-training-provided-by-industry
#17
M Karl, M Franz, T Grobecker-Karl, M Scheib
INTRODUCTION: Rapid developments in CAD/CAM technology necessitate the adaptation of curriculum content. Limited resources hinder institutions in holding state of the art equipment available for student training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A workshop given by an industry partner was organised as part of the final pre-clinical course in prosthodontics for the academic years 2015 and 2016. The workshop on dental ceramics and CAD/CAM technology comprised of lectures and practical demonstrations...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130030/a-review-of-engineered-zirconia-surfaces-in-biomedical-applications
#18
Ling Yin, Yoshitaka Nakanishi, Abdur-Rasheed Alao, Xiao-Fei Song, Jaafar Abduo, Yu Zhang
Zirconia is widely used for load-bearing functional structures in medicine and dentistry. The quality of engineered zirconia surfaces determines not only the fracture and fatigue behaviour but also the low temperature degradation (ageing sensitivity), bacterial colonization and bonding strength of zirconia devices. This paper reviews the current manufacturing techniques for fabrication of zirconia surfaces in biomedical applications, particularly, in tooth and joint replacements, and influences of the zirconia surface quality on their functional behaviours...
2017: Procedia CIRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128587/selection-in-mixtures-of-food-particles-during-oral-processing-in-man
#19
Hilbert W van der Glas, Esther H-J Kim, Anis Z Mustapa, Wijdan R Elmanaseer
OBJECTIVES: Two processes underlie food comminution during chewing: (1) selection, i.e. every particle has a chance of being placed between the teeth and being subjected to (2) breakage. Selection decreases with particle number by saturation of breakage sites, and it depends on competition between smaller and larger particles for breakage sites. Theoretical models were tested which describe competition between various sizes X. In the one-way model, small particles cannot compete with larger ones because of their smaller height...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125909/calcium-phosphate-microspheres-as-a-delivery-vehicle-for-tooth-bleaching-agents
#20
T Mellgren, T Qin, C Öhman-Mägi, Y Zhang, B Wu, W Xia, H Engqvist
Bleaching of vital teeth has become common practice in cosmetic dentistry today. Tooth sensitivity and demineralization of the enamel are, however, common side effects associated with hydrogen and carbamide peroxide bleaching. This study investigated if calcium phosphate microspheres, which have remineralizing properties, could be used as an additive without hindering the diffusion of the bleaching agent and if the spheres could be used as a carrier for carbamide peroxide. A remineralizing agent could increase the safety of bleaching and decrease the severity of its side effects...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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