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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792543/restructuring-saudi-board-in-restorative-dentistry-sbrd-curriculum-using-canmeds-competency
#1
Bahiah Abdulaziz Al Askar, Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Ebtesam Ibrahim Al Wasill, Zubair Amin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of adopting the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS) 2015 competency framework in a dental specialty program to reconstruct the Saudi Board in Restorative Dentistry (SBRD) curriculum and disseminate the lessons learned. Method and development process: The process of curriculum development was started with the selection of SBRD curriculum committee and review of CanMEDS framework. The Committee conducted needs assessment among the stakeholders and adopted CanMEDS 2015 competencies through a careful process...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791689/tooth-transposition-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#2
Mirian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto, Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani
Tooth transposition is one of the most difficult dental anomalies to treat in the dental clinic. Several factors must be taken into account with a view of making the best decision. The aim of this study was to discuss treatment modalities for tooth transposition, their advantages and disadvantages. Additionally, it aims at presenting a clinical case of transposition between canine and lateral incisor in the upper quadrant on the right side. The treatment of choice was extraction of one transposed tooth. A multidisciplinary approach involving Orthodontics, Cosmetic Dentistry, and Periodontology was necessary to allow proper esthetic and functional outcomes to be achieved...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791198/updates-on-ultrasound-research-in-implant-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-potential-clinical-indications
#3
Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Hsun-Liang Chan, Mark MacEachern, Oliver D Kripfgans
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography has shown promising diagnostic value in dental implant imaging research; however, exactly how ultrasound was used and at what stage of implant therapy it can be applied has not been systematically evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this review is to investigate potential indications of ultrasound use in the three implant treatment phases, namely planning, intraoperative and postoperative phase. METHODS: Eligible manuscripts were searched in major databases with a combination of key words related to the use of ultrasound imaging in implant therapy...
May 23, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790782/prevalence-and-progression-of-early-childhood-caries-in-nis-serbia
#4
M Igic, R Obradovic, G Filipovic
AIM: Early childhood caries (ECC) entails the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled teeth in children aged up to 71 months. Our aim is to present the prevalence and progression of ECC in Nis, Serbia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed at the Clinic of Dentistry in Nis;, involving 250 children aged 3 to 6 years. The prevalence of caries was presented using the dmf index. Depending on the progression, tooth decay was reported as dI (superficial decay), dII (deep decay), dp (pulpitis), dg (dental gangrene), and dx (chronic apical periodontitis)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790779/the-two-by-four-appliance-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#5
V Quinzi, R Ferro, F A Rizzo, E M Marranzini, F Federici Canova, S Mummolo, A Mattei, G Marzo
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how widespread is the use of the 2 x 4 appliance among Italian general dentists and specialists in orthodontics, as well as the type of treatment employed and length of use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey from July 14, 2016 to January 12, 2017 using an online questionnaire of 8 multiple choice questions, created by the SurveyMonkey® Company, on a population of Italian dentists and specialists in orthodontics affiliated with the Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry (SIOI)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790777/oral-management-of-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-and-associated-glomerulonephritis-a-scoping-review
#6
A C Echavarría-García, A Pozos-Guillén, F Tejeda-Nava, J C Flores Arriaga, A Garrocho-Rangel
AIM: To perform a scoping review of the existing literature in order to gather the most relevant information in the paediatric dentistry field related to the oral management of children affected by Henoch-Schönlein Purpura and associated Glomerulonephritis (HSPG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for the screening and selection of valid articles, the steps of this review were the following: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarise, and report the results from the included articles...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790228/evidence-based-dentistry-skill-acquisition-by-second-year-dental-students
#7
T A Marshall, S C McKernan, C L Straub-Morarend, S Guzman-Armstrong, L Marchini, N Q Handoo, M A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Identification and assessment of Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) outcomes have been elusive. Our objective was to describe EBD skill acquisition during the second (D2) year of pre-doctoral dental education and student competency at the end of the year. METHODS: The first and fourth (final) curricular-required EBD Exercises (ie, application of the first 4 steps of the 5-Step evidence-based practice process applied to a real or hypothetical situation) completed by D2 students (n = 151) during 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 were evaluated to measure skill acquisition through use of a novel rubric with measures of performance from novice to expert...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789773/reply-to-relevance-of-investigating-light-transmittance-through-red-protective-shields-in-dentistry
#8
Vanida Nimmanon, Praewpat Pachimsawat, Siribang-On Pibooniyom Khovidhunkit, Bhornsawan Thanathornwong, Thirayost Nimmanon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BDJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789772/relevance-of-investigating-light-transmittance-through-red-protective-shields-in-dentistry
#9
Ellen Bruzell, Bjørn Johnsen, Terje Christensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BDJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788432/sucrose-challenges-to-streptococcus-mutans-biofilms-and-the-curve-fitting-for-the-biofilm-changes
#10
Jian-Na Cai, Ji-Eun Jung, Min-Ho Lee, Hyeon-Mi Choi, Jae-Gyu Jeon
The relationship between sugar level and development of dental caries has long been a main topic in dentistry. However, as a ubiquitous component of the modern diet, sucrose is mainly derived from three meals a day, rather than a long time exposure. In this study, various concentrations of sucrose were provided to Streptococcus mutans biofilms for 1h per exposure (3 times per day) to imitate a human meal pattern. And then the relationship between sucrose concentration and changes in the treated biofilms was determined...
May 17, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786582/characteristics-of-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-in-children-from-regions-with-high-and-optimum-fluorine-content-in-drinking-water
#11
Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786578/-influence-of-basic-dental-materials-on-indicators-of-free-radical-oxidation-and-antioxidant-blood-s-potential-of-white-rats-experimental-study
#12
Vitalii S Kuz, Valentyn N Dvornyk, Vitalii A Kostenko, Gelfira M Kuz, Oleh Ye Akimov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Basic materials used in the clinic of orthopedic dentistry are high-polymer compounds and have a number of positive properties in certain conditions. The main group of materials for manufacturing of removable dentures is acrylic plastics of hot polymerization. However, such materials can sometimes cause a number of complications. Using removable prostheses, which are made of acrylic plastics can cause the development of an allergic or toxic-chemical reaction of tissues of the prosthetic bed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786135/scientific-update-on-nanoparticles-in-dentistry
#13
REVIEW
Gottfried Schmalz, Reinhard Hickel, Kirsten L van Landuyt, Franz-Xaver Reichl
Nanoparticles having a size from 1 to 100 nm are present in nature and are successfully used in many products of daily life. In dental materials, nanoparticles are typically embedded but they may also exist as by-products from milling processes. Possible adverse effects of nanoparticles have gained increased interest, with the lungs being the main target organ. Exposure to nanoparticles in the dental laboratory is addressed by legal regulations. In dental practice, nanoparticles are mainly produced by intra-oral grinding/polishing and removal of materials, by wear of restorations or release from dental implants...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783786/graphene-based-nanomaterials-for-tissue-engineering-in-the-dental-field
#14
REVIEW
Riccardo Guazzo, Chiara Gardin, Gloria Bellin, Luca Sbricoli, Letizia Ferroni, Francesco Saverio Ludovichetti, Adriano Piattelli, Iulian Antoniac, Eriberto Bressan, Barbara Zavan
The world of dentistry is approaching graphene-based nanomaterials as substitutes for tissue engineering. Apart from its exceptional mechanical strength, electrical conductivity and thermal stability, graphene and its derivatives can be functionalized with several bioactive molecules. They can also be incorporated into different scaffolds used in regenerative dentistry, generating nanocomposites with improved characteristics. This review presents the state of the art of graphene-based nanomaterial applications in the dental field...
May 20, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781999/preparation-of-murine-submandibular-salivary-gland-for-upright-intravital-microscopy
#15
Xenia Ficht, Flavian Thelen, Bettina Stolp, Jens V Stein
The submandibular salivary gland (SMG) is one of the three major salivary glands, and is of interest for many different fields of biological research, including cell biology, oncology, dentistry, and immunology. The SMG is an exocrine gland comprised of secretory epithelial cells, myofibroblasts, endothelial cells, nerves, and extracellular matrix. Dynamic cellular processes in the rat and mouse SMG have previously been imaged, mostly using inverted multi-photon microscope systems. Here, we describe a straightforward protocol for the surgical preparation and stabilization of the murine SMG in anesthetized mice for in vivo imaging with upright multi-photon microscope systems...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779389/-prevalence-and-severity-of-chronic-parodontitis-and-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease
#16
Ágnes Bán, Zsolt Ferenc Németh, Adrienn Szauter, Szilvia Soós, Márta Balaskó
INTRODUCTION: Chronic parodontitis is a prevalent oral disease that may lead to the loss of teeth independently of caries. Some systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure) may aggravate chronic parodontitis. On the other hand, this oral disease may aggravate other systemic diseases. Earlier studies suggested a correlation between chronic parodontitis and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIM: The aim of our study was the investigation of the correlation between chronic parodontitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778881/polymerase-chain-reaction-pcr-based-methods-promising-molecular-tools-in-dentistry
#17
REVIEW
Shahriar Shahi, Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Nazanin Fathi, Simin Sharifi
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a popular diagnosis and research technique in dentistry. Several studies show that its high sensitivity and specificity allow it as a precise, efficient, and rapid method for detection, identification, and quantification of microorganism. Several genetic polymorphisms can be determined along with detection of immune and inflammatory markers, therefore providing the more accurate perception into the mechanisms underlying the dental and periodontal disease. This review paper discusses the application of PCR as a diagnostic technique in periodontology, endodontic infections, implant-related, and peri-implantitis infection, immune and inflammatory markers identification and genetic polymorphism as well as application of next generation sequencing and gene microarray technology in dentistry mentioned...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772749/endodontic-microbiology-a-special-issue-of-dentistry-journal
#18
EDITORIAL
Prasanna Neelakantan
Understanding microbiology, specifically biofilm biology is an essential component of creating targeted therapeutic modalities that are effective and efficient.[...].
May 17, 2018: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770926/effect-of-mouthwashes-on-the-discolouration-of-restorative-materials-commonly-used-in-paediatric-dentistry
#19
N B Ulusoy, V Arikan, A Akbay Oba
AIM: This was to investigate the effects of Klorhex, Tantum Verde, Kloroben, and Listerine on the discolouration of composite resin, compomer, giomer, and resin-modified glass ionomer. METHODS: Fifty disc-shaped specimens from each restorative material (n = 50) were prepared; initial colour values were measured with a spectrophotometer. Forty specimens from each group were placed in the four different types of mouthwashes (n = 10), while the remaining 10 specimens were immersed in distilled water for 2 min, twice a day for a period of 3 weeks...
May 16, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770323/dental-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-translational-regenerative-dentistry-from-artificial-to-biological-replacement
#20
REVIEW
Mona K Marei, Rania M El Backly
Dentistry is a continuously changing field that has witnessed much advancement in the past century. Prosthodontics is that branch of dentistry that deals with replacing missing teeth using either fixed or removable appliances in an attempt to simulate natural tooth function. Although such "replacement therapies" appear to be easy and economic they fall short of ever coming close to their natural counterparts. Complications that arise often lead to failures and frequent repairs of such devices which seldom allow true physiological function of dental and oral-maxillofacial tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
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