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Disfagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513513/-not-available
#1
Marta Baena González, Guillermo Molina Recio
Introducción: la disfagia es un síntoma que se refiere a la dificultad para mover el bolo alimentario desde la boca al estómago. A pesar de su relevancia y de la gravedad de sus posibles complicaciones, es poco conocida y estudiada. La prevalencia de la disfagia orofaríngea en enfermosde alzhéimer es de un 84% y puede originar complicaciones de gran trascendencia clínica como consecuencia de las alteraciones en la eficacia de la deglución, y en la seguridad de la misma.Objetivo: conocer el estado actual del conocimiento en relación al abordaje de la disfagia en enfermos de alzhéimer, localizando aquellos factores que permitan un diagnóstico precoz que facilite la prevención de complicaciones y la elección de la pauta de actuación más adecuada...
June 30, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444485/-not-available
#2
Marta Baena González, Guillermo Molina Recio
Introducción: la disfagia es un síntoma que se refiere a la dificultad para mover el bolo alimentario desde la boca al estómago. A pesar de su relevancia y de la gravedad de sus posibles complicaciones, es poco conocida y estudiada. La prevalencia de la disfagia orofaríngea en enfermosde alzhéimer es de un 84% y puede originar complicaciones de gran trascendencia clínica como consecuencia de las alteraciones en la eficacia de la deglución, y en la seguridad de la misma.Objetivo: conocer el estado actual del conocimiento en relación al abordaje de la disfagia en enfermos de alzhéimer, localizando aquellos factores que permitan un diagnóstico precoz que facilite la prevención de complicaciones y la elección de la pauta de actuación más adecuada...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238799/-in-process-citation
#3
Olaia Martínez González, Itsaso Zabaleta Vélez de Mendizábal, Uxue Galarza Iriarte, María Soledad Vicente Martín, María Del Carmen De Vega Castaño, Jesús Salmerón Egea
Introducción: la disfagia o dificultad de deglución afecta a 1 de cada 2 mayores hospitalizados y genera problemas de desnutrición o deshidratación, y aparición de neumonía por aspiración. En situaciones de disfagia orofaríngea, cuando la alimentación oral aún es posible, se deben espesar las texturas líquidas de cara a evitar dichas complicaciones. A los alimentos, tanto fríos como calientes, habitualmente se les añaden espesantes comerciales consistentes en almidones modificados siguiendo especificaciones muy generales que hacen difícil conseguir la textura adaptada a las necesidades personales...
March 25, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238774/-in-process-citation
#4
Carla Adriana Santos, Jorge Fonseca, Elisabete Carolino, Teresa Lopes, António Sousa Guerreiro
Introducción y objetivos: el cobre (Cu) es un oligoelemento muy estudiado, pero poco se sabe de su evolución en los pacientes alimentados por gastrostomía endoscópica (GEP). Pretendemos evaluar la evolución del Cu sérico desde la gastrostomía hasta 12 semanas después de la intervención en estos pacientes alimentados con preparaciones domésticas.  Métodos: realizamos un estudio observacional prospectivo para evaluar el Cu sérico, la albúmina, la transferrina y el índice de masa corporal (IMC) en el momento de la GEP, tras 4 semanas y 12 semanas después de la intervención...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019238/-in-process-citation
#5
Carmen A Sánchez-Ramírez, Alfredo Larrosa-Haro, Edgar M Vásquez Garibay, Ana K Rodríguez-Anguiano, María E Cámara-López
Introducción: la ingestión de cáusticos (IC) en niños y adolescentes puede ocasionar esofagitis erosiva, estenosis esofágica y disfagia, entidades que pueden alterar el proceso de alimentación y originar desnutrición y retraso en el crecimiento.Objetivos: evaluar el estado nutricio de niños con IC y su asociación con disfagia y estenosis esofágica.Métodos: estudio transversal analítico en el que se incluyó a 62 niños atendidos en un hospital pediátrico de referencia que sufrieron IC. Lasvariables independientes fueron la presencia/ausencia de disfagia y/o estenosis esofágica; las dependientes fueron el crecimiento y el estado nutricio evaluados mediante antropometría...
February 16, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22231062/dysphagia-and-cerebrovascular-accident-relationship-between-severity-degree-and-level-of-neurological-impairment
#6
Roberta Baldino Itaquy, Samara Regina Favero, Marlise de Castro Ribeiro, Liselotte Menke Barea, Sheila Tamanini de Almeida, Renata Mancopes
The aim of this case study was to verify the occurrence of dysphagia in acute ischemic stroke within 48 hours after the onset of the first symptoms, in order to establish a possible relationship between the level of neurologic impairment and the severity degree of dysphagia. After emergency hospital admission, three patients underwent neurological clinical evaluation (general physical examination, neurological examination, and application of the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale - NIHSS), and clinical assessment of swallowing using the Protocolo Fonoaudiológico de Avaliação do Risco para Disfagia (PARD--Speech-Language Pathology Protocol for Risk Evaluation for Dysphagia)...
December 2011: Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21093069/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-phonoaudiology-program-for-the-rehabilitation-of-dysphagia-in-the-elderly
#7
P Santoro, I L e Silva, F Cardoso, E Dias, H Beresford
The object of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a phonoaudiology rehabilitation program directed towards the degenerative changes of the neurophysiological mechanisms responsible for the upper digestive system compromised by the age between 80 and 90 years, in a regime of internment in a long permanence institution in the city of Rio de Janeiro, which express, bodily, their difficulty in swallowing food of liquid or pasty consistency. To achieve such an object, the current study was developed in an experimental format or design, comprised of a sample group of 23 elderly subjects, of both genders, undergoing evaluation by the phonoaudiology protocol for evaluating the risk of dysphagia (abbreviated from the Portuguese name: Protocolo de Avaliação do Risco para Disfagia=PARD), pre- and post-intervention procedure...
July 2011: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20030601/-zenker-diverticulum-a-case-report
#8
Sinan Kocatürk, Güçlü Kaan Beriat, Cem Doğan
Zenker's diverticulum is a pulsion typed pharyngoeosophageal diverticle caused by the herniation of the pharyngeal mucosa, standing beside the posterior pharyngeal wall, through the Killian opening which is known as the weak area between the inferior constructor muscle's oblique fibres and transverse fibres of cricopharyngeal muscle. In patients with Zenker's diverticulum, symptoms such as disfagia, globus in the cervical area, weigh loss, regurgitation, cough, and aspiration. These patients are primarily admitted to the Gastroenterology and Othorhinolaryngology clinics with the complaint of disfagia and the diagnosis of this disease is mostly established late and the treatment is started late because the results of their physical examinations seem normal...
November 2009: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14992134/-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-treatment-for-morbid-obesity-our-first-year-experience
#9
N Iordache, R Vizeteu, A Iorgulescu, B Zmeu, M Iordache
The authors present the results of a prospective study regarding their 1st year experience in laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LABG), which included 21 patients (5 males, 16 females), with an average age of 39 (between 20-53 years). The follow up was made at one and six months postoperative. The medium weight was 138 kg (between 95-172 kg), with a medium excess of body mass of 66.89 kg (extremes between 27.75 and 104 kg). The medium BMI (body mass index) was 48.9 (extremes: 34.5-66), 8 patients being superobese (BMI > 50)...
March 2003: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11432223/-reconstruction-of-the-hypopharynx-and-cervical-esophagus-using-a-free-jejunal-graft
#10
P Pesko, M Bumbasirević, J Knezević, M Dunjić, V Djukić, A Simić, D Stojakov, P Sabljak, M Bjelović, Z Janković, M Micev, D Saranović
Extensive malignant tumors of the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus continue to challenge surgeons in respect to both type and extent of resection as well as type of reconstruction. In the period between November 1st, 1996 and November 1st, 1998, at our Department, five patients have been operated due to squamocellular carcinoma of the hypopharynx using a free jejunal graft reconstruction method. The first free jejunal graft operation due to hypopharyngeal carcinoma, at the same time the first operation of this kind ever done in our Country, was performed on November 13th, 1998...
2000: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8948801/-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-respiratory-disease
#11
REVIEW
G Mattioli, P E Caffarena, E Battistini, B Fregonese, A Barabino, V Jasonni
The patients treated for oesophageal atresia present a correlation between the clinical sintomatology after recanalization characterized by disfagia, dispnea, recurrent cough, chronic pneumopaties and oesophageal anomalies. Where morphological alterations accounting for the presence of gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) were not evident, possible functional alterations of the motility were considered. The incidence of GOR was considerably high and, expression of a congenital alteration of the lower oesophageal sphincter and of oesophageal peristalsis, becomes even more severe due to further stretching of the gastro-esophageal junction...
September 1995: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6680265/-dysphagia-lusoria-apropos-of-3-cases
#12
J M Galizzi, A Frik, J Palumbo, O A Brasseur, M Waisenstein
This report contains three cases of "disfagia lusoria" (right subclavy artery congenital anomaly). The patients are of different ages and they were diagnosed by X ray, arteriography and endoscopy. Surgical treatment was carried out in one of the patients due to the severity of the symptoms.
1983: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/4062605/-myasthenia-gravis-with-the-electrographic-response-of-a-myasthenic-syndrome-report-of-a-case
#13
L C Werneck, P C Bittencourt, E M Nóvak
It is reported a case of a 61 years-old man with progressive asthenia, disfagia, disphonia and diplopia, of variable intensity during the day, who had a very good response to anticolinesterasic drugs and corticosteroids. The repetitive stimulation tests at low frequency, resulted in large increment (maximum 275%) of the basal voltage after exercise. At high frequency he also had a large increment. Radiological and laboratory investigation three times in a seven-year period was normal, without evidence of any neoplasia...
June 1985: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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