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Oral facial pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210449/oral-mucosal-lesions-in-a-chilean-elderly-population-a-retrospective-study-with-a-systematic-review-from-thirteen-countries
#1
César Rivera, Daniel Droguett, María-Jesús Arenas-Márquez
BACKGROUND: The oral examination is an essential part of the multidisciplinary medical care in elderly people. Oral mucosal lesions and normal variations of oral anatomy (OMLs) are very common in this people, but few studies have examined the frequency and prevalence of these conditions worldwide and less in Chile. The aim of this research was to evaluate the frequency of OMLs in a Chilean elderly population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was conducted a retrospective study (Talca, Chile)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#2
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192626/oral-and-mandibular-manifestations-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#3
John Mitakides, Brad T Tinkle
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are hereditary disorders that affect the connective tissue and collagen structures in the body. Several types of EDS have been identified. Oral and mandibular structures, which include oral soft tissue, dentition, facial and head pain, and the functioning of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), are variably affected in the various types of EDS. These various manifestations of EDS have been noted for many years, but newer diagnostic techniques and studies are shedding additional light on the challenges faced by EDS patients in the area of oral and mandibular disorders...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186468/nocifensive-behaviors-in-mice-with-radiation-induced-oral-mucositis
#4
Michael W Nolan, C Tyler Long, Karen L Marcus, Shayan Sarmadi, Donald M Roback, Tomoki Fukuyama, Wolfgang Baeumer, B Duncan X Lascelles
Oral mucositis can result in significant dysphagia, and is the most common dose-limiting acute toxicity in head and neck cancer patients receiving chemoradiotherapy. There is a critical need to determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie radiotherapy-associated discomfort in patients with mucositis. The objective was to induce oral mucositis in mice, using a clinical linear accelerator, and to quantify resultant discomfort, and characterize peripheral sensitization. A clinical linear accelerator was used to deliver ionizing radiation to the oral cavity of mice...
February 10, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174369/self-tapping-intermaxillary-fixation-screw-an-alternative-to-arch-bar
#5
Animesh Barodiya, Rishi Thukral, S M Agrawal, Anil S Chouhan, Sidharth Singh, Yogesh Loksh
INTRODUCTION: The use of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the treatment of faciomaxillary fractures is the key factor for reduction and immobilization. Various techniques of IMF have been described in the past and recently IMF screws have been introduced. This technique has various advantages, including ease of use, less time consumption, less trauma to the surrounding soft tissues, and relatively reduced risk of needle stick injury. This study evaluates the efficacy of IMF screws over arch bar IMF before definitive fixation of facial fractures...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133989/other-facial-neuralgias
#6
Francis O'Neill, Turo Nurmikko, Claudia Sommer
Premise In this article we review some lesser known cranial neuralgias that are distinct from trigeminal neuralgia, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, or trigeminal neuropathies. Included are occipital neuralgia, superior laryngeal neuralgia, auriculotemporal neuralgia, glossopharyngeal and nervus intermedius neuralgia, and pain from acute herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia of the trigeminal and intermedius nerves. Problem Facial neuralgias are rare and many physicians do not see such cases in their lifetime, so patients with a suspected diagnosis within this group should be referred to a specialized center where multidisciplinary team diagnosis may be available...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132566/long-term-comparative-pharmacovigilance-of-orally-transmitted-chagas-disease-first-report
#7
Belkisyolé Alarcón de Noya, Raiza Ruiz-Guevara, Oscar Noya, Julio Castro, John Ossenkopp, Zoraida Díaz-Bello, Cecilia Colmenares, José Antonio Suárez, Oscar Noya-Alarcón, Laura Naranjo, Humberto Gutiérrez, Giuseppa Quinci, Jaime Torres
BACKGROUND: Two old drugs are the only choice against Trypanosoma cruzi and little is known about their secondary effects in the acute stage of oral-transmitted Chagas disease (ChD). METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical surveillance study was conducted in a sizable cohort of patients seen during the largest acute foodborne ChD microepidemic registered so far. Individuals were treated with benznidazole (BNZ) or nifurtimox (NFX). "Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events" was assessed to categorize side effects according to severity...
January 30, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110186/numb-chin-syndrome-as-a-sign-of-mandibular-metastasis-a-case-report
#8
Thomas Aerden, Koenraad Grisar, Patrick Neven, Esther Hauben, Constantinus Politis
INTRODUCTION: Metastasis to the oral cavity can be located in both the soft and bony tissues and comprise only 1% of all oral malignancies; however, it is clinically significant because it indicates widespread metastatic disease and an unfavorable prognosis. A numb chin is an important presentation of oral metastasis, but other dental and systemic pathology may be involved. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 54-year-old woman who presented with numb chin syndrome 8 years after a diagnosis of primary breast carcinoma...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106688/eagle-syndrome-an-unusual-cause-limited-mouth-opening-and-surgical-management
#9
Tahrir N Aldelaimi, Saman W Boskani, Shakhawan M Ali, Payman K Mahmud
Eagle syndrome defined "stylalgia" occurs when an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament causes dysphagia, facial pain recurrent throat pain or foreign body sensation, also associated symptoms such as neck or throat pain with radiation to the ear. The symptoms related to this condition can be confused or miss diagnosis to a wide variety of facial neuralgias. The incidence of Eagle syndrome varies among population. Usually asymptomatic, it occurs in adult patients, can be diagnosed by physical examination and radiologically...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059619/comparison-of-iatrogenic-pain-between-rotavirus-vaccination-before-and-after-vaccine-injection-in-2-month-old-infants
#10
Hui-Chu Yin, Whei-Mei Shih, Hsiu-Lan Lee, Huei-Jing Yang, Yu-Li Chen, Shao-Wen Cheng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hao Weng
Oral rotavirus vaccine (RV) administration in conjunction with other injectable vaccines has been used worldwide. However, whether the sequence of RV administration is associated with the reduction of injection-induced pain remains unclear. In this randomized controlled trial, we enrolled 6-12-wk-old healthy infants. The pain response of the infants was scored on the basis of their crying, irritability, facial expression, gagging and distress. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to compare the pain response after adjustment for possible confounders...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000649/single-port-laparoscopic-splenectomy-for-wandering-spleen-with-splenomegaly-in-a-patient-with-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome
#11
Ricardo Zorron, Silvio Henriques Cunha, Mariana Caetano Barreto, Henrique Neubarth Phillips
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is a rare genetic condition characterized by typical facial appearance, growth delay, psychomotor retardation and seizures, with a mosaic of other abnormalities reported in the literature. The occurrence of symptomatic wandering spleen with massive splenomegaly and with an indication for splenectomy has not been yet described for this disease. This study reports the first case in the literature of single port splenectomy for this rare condition. In a 21-year-old female patient with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, with abdominal pain and the diagnosis of wandering spleen with splenomegaly (25 cm diameter) led to an indication of elective splenectomy...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980337/continuous-cooling-mask-devices-reduce-patient-discomfort-and-postoperative-pain-and-swelling-in-patients-undergoing-orofacial-surgery
#12
Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe resources searched included: Medline, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, CAB Abstracts, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. The PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic reviews were followed. Study selection was limited to the English language. Hand searching for additional references was performed. An intensive search was conducted for published articles describing the use of hilotherapy following oral and maxillofacial surgery.Study selectionInclusion criteria involved patients using hilotherapy after oral and maxillofacial surgery...
December 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905115/treatment-for-hereditary-angioedema-with-normal-c1-inh-and-specific-mutations-in-the-f12-gene-hae-fxii
#13
K Bork, K Wulff, G Witzke, J Hardt
Hereditary angioedema with normal C1 esterase inhibitor and mutations in the F12 gene (HAE-FXII) is associated with skin swellings, abdominal pain attacks, and the risk of asphyxiation due to upper airway obstruction. It occurs nearly exclusively in women. We report our experience treating HAE-FXII with discontinuation of potential trigger factors and drug therapies. The study included 72 patients with HAE-FXII. Potential triggers included estrogen-containing oral contraceptives (eOC), hormonal replacement therapy, or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors...
November 6, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891453/efficacy-of-ketamine-as-an-adjunct-to-local-anesthesia-in-the-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-split-mouth-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#14
Anand Shah, Rajshekhar Halli, Yash Merchant, Rajesh Kshirsagar, Jyotsana Khurana
INTRODUCTION: The removal of impacted teeth is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Reduction of discomfort post-operatively and efficient local anesthesia are imperative for success in surgical practice. At sub-anesthetic doses, ketamine has a noticeable analgesic action, which can be used to supplement local anesthesia with minimal side effects. AIM: To assess the efficacy of low-dose ketamine as an adjunct to local anesthesia in the management of pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844410/the-great-mimicker-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-to-the-head-and-neck-with-emphasis-on-unusual-clinical-and-pathologic-features
#15
Dikson Dibe Gondim, Rebecca Chernock, Samir El-Mofty, James S Lewis
Distant metastases are relatively common in breast cancer, but spread to the head and neck region is uncommon and can be diagnostically challenging. Pathology databases of two academic hospitals were searched for patients. The diagnoses were by morphologic comparison with the primary breast specimen (when available) or through the use of immunohistochemical stains characteristic of breast carcinoma (cytokeratin 7, mammaglobin, GCDFP15, and/or GATA3 positive-excluding new primary tumors at the respective head and neck sites)...
November 14, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833246/effect-of-submucosal-or-oral-administration-of-prednisolone-on-postoperative-sequelae-following-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo, Akinola Ladipo Ladeinde
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of preoperatively administered submucosal and oral prednisolone on postoperative pain, facial swelling, and trismus following third molar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial in which subjects were randomly distributed into three groups. Group A consisted of subjects who received 40 mg oral prednisolone; Group B consisted of subjects who received 40 mg submucosal injection of prednisolone while Group C consisted of subjects who did not receive prednisolone...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799847/quality-of-life-and-symptoms-before-and-after-nasal-septoplasty-compared-with-healthy-individuals
#17
Vegard Bugten, Ann Helen Nilsen, Wenche Moe Thorstensen, Mads Henrik Strand Moxness, Marit Furre Amundsen, Ståle Nordgård
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to compare quality of life (Qol) and symptoms in 91 patients with a deviated nasal septum preoperatively and postoperatively with a control group of 93 healthy individuals. METHODS: All patients reported Qol on Sino-Nasal-Outcome-Test-20 (SNOT-20) and symptoms on visual analogue scale (VAS) preoperatively and 6 months after surgery and the results were compared with the controls. RESULTS: Mean SNOT-20 score improved from 1...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787270/prevention-and-management-of-injection-related-adverse-effects-in-facial-aesthetics-considerations-for-atx-101-deoxycholic-acid-injection-treatment
#18
Steven Fagien, Patricia McChesney, Meenakshi Subramanian, Derek H Jones
ATX-101 (deoxycholic acid injection; Kythera Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. [an affiliate of Allergan plc, Dublin, Ireland]) was approved in 2015 in the United States (Kybella) and Canada (Belkyra) for submental fat reduction. As expected, injection-site reactions such as pain, swelling, and bruising, which were mostly mild or moderate and transient, were common adverse events (AEs) reported in clinical trials. An exploratory Phase 3b study investigating interventions for management of injection-site AEs associated with ATX-101 treatment was recently completed...
November 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755433/effect-of-oral-administration-of-bromelain-on-postoperative-discomfort-after-third-molar-surgery
#19
Paolo Ghensi, Alessandro Cucchi, Luca Creminelli, Cristiano Tomasi, Barbara Zavan, Carlo Maiorana
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of oral administration of bromelain on discomfort after mandibular third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four consecutive patients requiring surgical removal of a single mandibular impacted third molar under local anesthesia were randomly assigned to receiving no drug (control group, Group A), postoperative 40 mg bromelain every 6 hours for 6 days (Group B), preoperative 4 mg dexamethasone sodium phosphate as a submucosal injection (Group C), and preoperative 4 mg dexamethasone sodium phosphate as a submucosal injection plus postoperative 40 mg bromelain every 6 hours for 6 days (Group D)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743320/embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-oral-cavity
#20
Mark McInturff, Anne Adamson, Chadwick Donaldson, Brenda L Nelson
A 19 year old female presents to the emergency room with right facial enlargement. Clinical examination revealed a soft tissue mass of the right buccal mucosa. Treated initially as infection, the patient later turned to clinic with now rapidly enlarging and intermittently painful mass. Computed tomography with contrast showed a low attenuated buccal mass with mild enhancement lateral to the right caudal maxilla and superior mandible. Biopsy was performed and microscopic examination showed cells with moderate pleomorphism with numerous atypical mitotic figures and occasional elongated "strap" cells with eccentric nuclei...
October 14, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
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