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Femoral biceps injury

Fernanda Cordeiro da Silva, Andréa Oliver Gomes, Paulo Roberto da Costa Palácio, Fabiano Politti, Daniela de Fátima Teixeira da Silva, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
Photobiomodulation is a treatment that has been widely used in neurotrauma and neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, low-level laser therapy was administered to patients with spinal cord injury. Twenty-five individuals were divided into two groups: placebo photobiomodulation plus physiotherapy and active photobiomodulation plus physiotherapy. Electromyographic evaluations were performed before and after 12 sessions of phototherapy as well as 30 days after the end of treatment. In the active phototherapy group, median frequency values of the brachial biceps and femoral quadriceps muscles were higher at rest and during isotonic contraction 30 days after photobiomodulation (p = 0...
February 13, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Megumi Fuke, Makoto Narita, Yuko Wada, Tatsuichiro Seto, Kenji Okada, Jun Nakayama, Hiroto Izumi, Ken-Ichi Ito
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is the most severe complication of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying tissue repair after CLI is necessary for preventing PAD progression. Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) regulates the expression of many genes in response to environmental stresses. We aimed to determine whether YB-1 is involved in ischemic muscle regeneration. A mouse ischemic hind-limb model was generated; namely, the femoral, saphenous, and popliteal arteries in the left hind limb were ligated...
January 2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Jing Hui Yik, Bryan Thean Howe Koh, Wilson Wang
BACKGROUND: Bucket-handle meniscus tears (BHMT) are often displaced and unstable. The inside-out technique of repairing such tears is currently the gold standard. All-inside repair with meniscal fixators is getting increasingly popular. Shortcomings of the inside-out technique include neurovascular complications, especially saphenous nerve palsy, and retention of a non-resorbable suture which can result in discomfort to patient, granuloma formation, and a foci of infection. Hence, the purpose of this project was to innovate a novel all-inside technique to precisely reduce and fix BHMT while avoiding neurovascular complications and retention of a non-resorbable suture...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Masahito Yoshida, Elmar Herbst, Macio Albers, Volker Musahl, Freddie H Fu, Kentaro Onishi
PURPOSE: The presence of anterolateral ligament of the knee is still controversial, and some physicians prefer to call this structure anterolateral complex (ALC) to infer plural nature of structures involved. The purpose of this study was to describe the scanning techniques and to classify various sonographic appearances of the tibial-side ALC of the knee in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. It was hypothesized that sonographic abnormity of the ALC would be associated with ACL injury history...
April 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Sami Shalhoub, Fallon G Fitzwater, Adam J Cyr, Lorin P Maletsky
A change in hamstring strength and activation is typically seen after injuries or invasive surgeries such as anterior cruciate reconstruction or total knee replacement. While many studies have investigated the influence of isometric increases in hamstring load on knee joint kinematics, few have quantified the change in kinematics due to a variation in medial to lateral hamstring force ratio. This study examined the changes in knee joint kinematics on eight cadaveric knees during an open-chain deep knee bend for six different loading configurations: five loaded hamstring configurations that varied the ratio of a total load of 175 N between the semimembranosus and biceps femoris and one with no loads on the hamstring...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Yuming Shen, Chunxu Ma, Xiaohua Hu, Cheng Wang, Cong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore selection and method of tissue flaps for the repair of severe defects of skin and soft tissue around the knee joints. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with wounds around the knee joints, all accompanied by exposure or necrosis of tendon or bone and exposure of prosthesis, were hospitalized in our burn center from June 2008 to December 2014. Five of them were with knee joint injury. After thorough debridement or tumor resection, the wound area ranged from 5 cm × 5 cm to 46 cm × 22 cm...
October 2015: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Michel De Maeseneer, Cedric Boulet, Inneke Willekens, Leon Lenchik, Johan De Mey, Erik Cattrysse, Maryam Shahabpour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the involvement of the iliotibial band (ITB), the anterolateral ligament (ALL), and the anterior arm of the biceps femoris in MRI-diagnosed Segond fracture and to evaluate other associated findings of Segond fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the MRI of 13 cases of Segond fracture. The studies included proton density-weighted, T2-weighted, and proton density-weighted with fat saturation images in the three planes...
March 2015: Skeletal Radiology
Meguru Fujii, Haruhiko Sato, Naonobu Takahira
Internal tibial rotation with the knee close to full extension combined with valgus collapse during drop landing generally results in non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between internal rotation of the knee and muscle activity from internal and external rotator muscles, and between the internal rotation of knee and externally applied loads on the knee during landing in collegiate basketball players. Our hypothesis was that the activity of biceps femoris muscle would be an important factor reducing internal knee rotation during landing...
2012: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Thore Zantop, Wolf Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Posterolateral soft-tissue reconstruction to restore knee kinematics in isolated or combined posterolateral instabilities. INDICATIONS: Isolated or multiligament knee injuries with posterolateral insufficiency (popliteus tendon, lateral collateral ligament [LCL], popliteofibular ligament). CONTRAINDICATIONS: Arthrofibrosis. Severe varus deformity. Fixed posterior drawer. Doubts about compliance. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Graft harvest of semitendinosus tendon...
October 2010: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Shi-yuan Shi, Qi Zheng, Wei Wei
OBJECTIVE: To explore the isometric attachment site of knee lateral collateral ligament (LCL) in the femoral lateral condyle; to introduce the isometric reconstruction of knee lateral collateral ligament with the long head of biceps femoris tendon. METHODS: Among 16 patients with knee injury treated with isometric reconstruction of the lateral collateral ligament, 10 patients were male and 6 patients were female, with an average age of 38.4 years (ranged from 20 to 58 years)...
March 2009: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Michael P Hall, Mark Ryzewicz, Pamela J Walsh, Orrin H Sherman
BACKGROUND: There has been concern for iatrogenic injury to the peroneal nerve with posterolateral femoral tunnel placement in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: The common peroneal nerve and biceps tendon are at increased risk for injury by the guide wire as the knee is brought into increased extension. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: An anatomical descriptive study was performed on 10 cadaveric knees (ages 49-67 years)...
January 2009: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Gottfried Wechselberger, Heinrich M Schubert, Thomas Schoeller
OBJECTIVE: Coverage of soft-tissue defects of various sizes by an easy-to-do and reliable free muscle/myocutaneous flap. INDICATIONS: Soft-tissue defects of a size up to 10 x 22 cm. Functional muscle transfer, e.g., biceps muscle replacement. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Poor soft-tissue conditions or lesions on both thighs. No recipient vessels. Inadequate personnel and/or technical resources. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Approach via a longitudinal medial incision or via the thigh flexion fold...
June 2008: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Kimmie L Bui, Hakan Ilaslan, Richard D Parker, Murali Sundaram
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine retrospectively the prevalence, patients' demographics, mechanism of injury, combination of torn ligaments, associated intra-articular and extra-articular injuries, fractures, bone bruises, femoral-tibial alignment and neurovascular complications of knee dislocations as evaluated by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 17,698 consecutive knee examinations by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) over a 6-year period, 20 patients with knee dislocations were identified...
July 2008: Skeletal Radiology
Davut Keskin
OBJECTIVE: The fibular collateral ligament (FCL)-biceps femoris (BF) bursa is not a commonly known location for calcific bursitis. A case of FCL-BF calcific bursitis is presented. CLINICAL FEATURES: An 18-year-old man had a blunt trauma on the lateral side of his right knee approximately 1 year before his examination. The pain and physical distortion developed in the trauma region over time. Physical examination revealed a 30 degrees flexion contracture and slight valgus deformity in the right knee...
March 2008: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Lei Sun, Zhi-jie Ning, Hui Zhang, Min Tian, Tin-min Ning
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristic of the multiple-ligament injured knee and evaluate the protocol, technique and outcome of treatment for the multiple-ligament injured knee. METHODS: From October 2001 to March 2005, 9 knees with combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tears in 9 patients were identified with clinical and arthroscopic examinations. Of them, 5 knees were combined with ruptures of posteromedial corner (PMC) and medial collateral ligament (MCL), 4 with disruptions of posterolateral corner (PLC), 2 with popliteal vascular injuries and 1 with peroneal nerve injuries...
December 2006: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Gregory C Fanelli, Craig J Edson
PURPOSE: This study presents the 2- to 10-year (24 to 120 month) results of 41 chronic arthroscopically assisted combined posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)-posterolateral reconstructions evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively using Lysholm, Tegner, and Hospital for Special Surgery knee ligament rating scales, KT-1000 arthrometer testing, stress radiography, and physical examination. TYPE OF STUDY: Case series. METHODS: This study population included 31 men and 10 women with 24 left and 17 right chronic PCL-posterolateral knee injuries with functional instability...
April 2004: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Gregory C Fanelli, Craig J Edson
PURPOSE: This study presents the 2- to 10-year results of 35 arthroscopically assisted combined anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament (ACL/PCL) reconstructions evaluated preoperative and postoperatively using Lysholm, Tegner, and Hospital for Special Surgery knee ligament rating scales, KT-1000 arthrometer testing, stress radiography, and physical examination. TYPE OF STUDY: Case series. METHODS: This study population included 26 men and 9 women with 19 acute and 16 chronic knee injuries...
September 2002: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Seon-Kwan Juhng, Joong K Lee, See-Sung Choi, Kwon-Ha Yoon, Byung-Suk Roh, Jong-Jin Won
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associated knee injuries using MR imaging in patients with the "arcuate" sign, a term referring to avulsion fracture of the proximal fibula on conventional radiographs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: MR imaging of 18 cases (17 patients, both knees in one patient) with the arcuate sign on conventional radiographs was retrospectively interpreted to evaluate the associated meniscal, ligamentous, and bony injuries. In 12 cases, MR findings were correlated with surgical results...
March 2002: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
K L Pan, F Ting
A rare case of an isolated rupture of the biceps femoris tendon at its insertion to the femoral head is presented. Delayed surgical repair has not been previously reported. In this patient, a successful repair was carried out four months after the injury.
September 2000: Medical Journal of Malaysia
J M Wilmink, P R van Weeren, P W Stolk, F N Van Mil, A Barneveld
The histological aspects of second-intention healing were studied in 5 horses and 5 ponies. Biopsies were taken weekly from standardised wounds on the metatarsus and femoral biceps muscle of one horse and one pony. Sections were stained to enable cell counting and the detection of DNA synthesis, fibrin, smooth muscle actin (SMA), collagen, and bacteria. In the ponies, the number of polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) was high during the first 3 weeks and subsequently decreased rapidly. In the horses, the initial number of PMNs was lower, but remained persistently elevated during the evaluation period...
January 1999: Equine Veterinary Journal
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