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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915320/retinopathy-of-prematurity-aiims-new-delhi-experience
#1
Sindhu Sivanandan, Parijat Chandra, Ashok K Deorari, Ramesh Agarwal
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially avoidable childhood blindness worldwide. With improvement in neonatal care, more preterm infants are surviving with a resultant increase in the number of ROP cases. In low-middle income countries, the disease epidemiology is characterized by the occurrence of ROP at higher birthweight in premature babies with greater severity at presentation. In this article, we describe the ROP screening and management program at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi that has evolved over last three decades...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915314/programs-for-detecting-and-treating-retinopathy-of-prematurity-role-of-the-neonatal-team
#2
Sudhanshu Grover, Deeksha Katoch, Mangat R Dogra, Praveen Kumar
High quality perinatal-neonatal care can prevent severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in most cases. Preterm infants who do develop retinopathy can also have good visual outcomes if screening and treatment are done timely. National Neonatology Forum published clinical practice guidelines for timely screening and treatment of ROP in neonatal care units in the country in 2010. It is also listed as one of the condition under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram for early identification and early intervention, and is currently a focus area under the National Program for Control of Blindness...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881045/exploring-unobserved-heterogeneity-in-perinatal-and-neonatal-mortality-risks-the-case-of-an-italian-sharecropping-community-1900-39
#3
Francesco Scalone, Patrizia Agati, Aurora Angeli, Annalisa Donno
Previous researchers have found that traditional determinants explain only a limited part of the variation in perinatal and infant mortality at the family level. In the study reported in this paper, we explored the factors that make the perinatal/neonatal death risk more heterogeneous across families. We estimated logistic regressions with cluster random effects at the maternal level, using data from the Italian village of Granarolo from 1900 to 1939. We estimated the effects of selected predictors on perinatal/neonatal mortality and unexplained inter-family variation...
November 24, 2016: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832232/growth-lung-function-and-physical-activity-in-schoolchildren-who-were-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#4
Aline Dill Winck, João Paulo Heinzmann-Filho, Deise Schumann, Helen Zatti, Rita Mattiello, Marcus Herbert Jones, Renato Tetelbom Stein
Objective: To compare somatic growth, lung function, and level of physical activity in schoolchildren who had been very-low-birth-weight preterm infants (VLBWPIs) or normal-birth-weight full-term infants. Methods: We recruited two groups of schoolchildren between 8 and 11 years of age residing in the study catchment area: those who had been VLBWPIs (birth weight < 1,500 g); and those who had been normal-birth-weight full-term infants (controls, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g)...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592694/obstetric-and-neonatal-complications-in-pregnancies-conceived-after-oocyte-donation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
M Storgaard, A Loft, C Bergh, U B Wennerholm, V Söderström-Anttila, L B Romundstad, K Aittomaki, N Oldereid, J Forman, A Pinborg
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50 000 oocyte donation (OD) treatment cycles are now performed annually in Europe and the US. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether the risk of adverse obstetric and perinatal/neonatal outcomes is higher in pregnancies conceived by OD than in pregnancies conceived by conventional in-vitro fertilisation (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or spontaneously. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic search was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane and Embase databases from 1982-2016...
September 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552225/blood-reference-intervals-for-preterm-low-birth-weight-infants-a-multicenter-cohort-study-in-japan
#6
Masayuki Ochiai, Yuki Matsushita, Hirosuke Inoue, Takeshi Kusuda, Dongchon Kang, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Naoki Nakashima, Kenji Ihara, Shouichi Ohga, Toshiro Hara
Preterm low-birth-weight infants remain difficult to manage based on adequate laboratory tests. The aim of this study was to establish blood reference intervals (RIs) in those newborns who were admitted to and survived in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A multicenter prospective study was conducted among all infants admitted to 11 affiliated NICUs from 2010 to 2013. The clinical information and laboratory data were registered in a network database designed for this study. The RIs for 26 items were derived using the parametric method after applying the latent abnormal values exclusion method...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465461/the-more-things-change-the-more-they-stay-the-same-thirty-years-of-fetal-monitoring-in-perspective
#7
Lisa A Miller
Thirty years ago, the inaugural issue of The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing was published and the entire perinatal portion of the journal was devoted to electronic fetal monitoring (EFM). This article provides a historical perspective on EFM in perinatal care since the 1980s by exploring the similarities and differences of the state of the science presented in that first issue. Both EFM and intermittent auscultation are discussed.
July 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465451/perinatal-and-neonatal-health-information-technology-past-present-and-future
#8
Patricia Robin McCartney, Emily Eiwen Drake
The 3 decades of The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing history share the same 3 decades as the birth of the information age and health information technology (HIT). This article summarizes the history of HIT and the corresponding publication history of The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing. Health information technology content has evolved from being the "how-to operate" topic of a publication to being integrated within a nursing practice publication. The article concludes with current HIT challenges and implications for the future...
July 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465441/through-the-looking-glass-30-years-for-the-journal-of-perinatal-neonatal-nursing
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418029/a-2015-global-update-on-folic-acid-preventable-spina-bifida-and-anencephaly
#10
Annelise Arth, Vijaya Kancherla, Helena Pachón, Sarah Zimmerman, Quentin Johnson, Godfrey P Oakley
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida and anencephaly are two major neural tube defects. They contribute substantially to perinatal, neonatal, infant, and under-five mortality and life-long disability. To monitor the progress toward the total prevention of folic acid-preventable spina bifida and anencephaly (FAP SBA), we examined their global status in 2015. METHODS: Based on existing data, we modeled the proportion of FAP SBA that are prevented in the year 2015 through mandatory folic acid fortification globally...
July 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400776/current-status-and-problems-concerning-neonatal-resuscitation-in-japan-in-2015
#11
Tetsuya Kunikata, Kayo Morita, Hayato Sakurai, Hiroko Kakei, Masakazu Honda, Masaki Wada, Hidenori Kawasaki, Masanori Tamura
BACKGROUND: The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) published Consensus 2015 in October, 2015. Thereafter, Japanese version of neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation programs was revised. Prior to the revision, we re-conducted questionnaire surveys in three types of medical facilities in January 2015. METHODS: Targeted groups included (1) 277 training hospitals authorized by the Japanese Society of Perinatal/Neonatal Medicine for training of physicians specialized in perinatal care (neonatology) in January 2015 (training hospitals, response rate: 70...
July 12, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083992/neurodevelopment-of-preterms-born-after-ivf-and-spontaneous-multiple-pregnancies
#12
Mehmet Ramoğlu, Sultan Kavuncuoğlu, Esin Aldemir, Coşkun Yarar, Zeynep Eras
AIM: To compare perinatal, neonatal characteristics and neurodevelopmental prognosis of preterm infants born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and spontaneous multiple pregnancies, and to evaluate the factors affecting the neurodevelopmental outcome at 24-36 months. METHODS: A total of 125 preterm infants, 65 from spontaneous and 60 from IVF multiple pregnancies were evaluated in terms of neurodevelopmental outcome at the age of 24-36 months. The mean maternal age, chronic maternal disease, birth weight, gestational week, gender, APGAR score, neonatal intensive care unit admission, presence of congenital anomalies, referral to follow-ups, rehospitalization and socioeconomic levels were investigated...
April 16, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037722/telehealth-to-improve-asthma-control-in-pregnancy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Elida Zairina, Michael J Abramson, Christine F McDonald, Jonathan Li, Thanuja Dharmasiri, Kay Stewart, Susan P Walker, Eldho Paul, Johnson George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Poorly controlled asthma during pregnancy is hazardous for both mother and foetus. Better asthma control may be achieved if patients are involved in regular self-monitoring of symptoms and self-management according to a written asthma action plan. Telehealth applications to optimize asthma management and outcomes in pregnant women have not yet been evaluated. This study evaluated the efficacy of a telehealth programme supported by a handheld respiratory device in improving asthma control during pregnancy...
July 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914811/what-are-we-telling-the-parents-of-extremely-preterm-babies
#14
Rosemarie Anne Boland, Peter Graham Davis, Jennifer Anne Dawson, Lex William Doyle
BACKGROUND: Parent counselling and decision-making regarding the management of preterm labour and birth are influenced by information provided by healthcare professionals regarding potential infant outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether perinatal healthcare providers had accurate perceptions of survival and major neurosensory disability rates of very preterm infants born in non-tertiary hospitals ('outborn') and tertiary perinatal centres ('inborn')...
June 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788443/perinatal-neonatal-case-presentation-pulmonary-artery-sling-associated-with-respiratory-distress
#15
David Healey, Nitin Ron, Andrew Hromada, Manoj Chhabra
Pulmonary artery sling is a very rare cause of pediatric respiratory distress. The estimated prevalence of the disease was first determined by Yu et al. in 2008 as 59 per million school-aged children. Associated symptoms are cough, wheezing, and feeding difficulty, all of which are common in routine outpatient pediatric clinical encounters. We report a case of a premature male neonate twin who was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit with respiratory distress and pneumothorax. His presentation, as well as the etiology of his pulmonary disease, was felt to be consistent with those of numerous other premature infants...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26676267/obstetric-complications-and-mother-s-age-at-delivery-are-predictors-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-among-health-science-college-students
#16
Mara Cristina Lofrano-Prado, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Mauro Virgilio Gomes de Barros, Thiago Ricardo dos Santos Tenório, Sandra Lopes de Souza
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between perinatal/neonatal factors and symptoms of eating disorders among college students. METHODS: Four hundred and eight college students (283 women), aged 18 to 23 years old, enrolled in the first semester of a Bachelor of Health Science degree program were included in the sample. Eating disorder symptoms and body image dissatisfaction were assessed with the Eating Attitudes Test and Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh...
October 2015: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26662795/strategic-assessment-of-implementation-of-neonatal-resuscitation-training-at-a-national-level
#17
Lama Charafeddine, Maya Badran, Pascale Nakad, Walid Ammar, Khalid Yunis
BACKGROUND: Structuring and implementation of an endorsed neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) results in decreased neonatal mortality. This study evaluated the implementation of formal training using the NRP in a private sector context of a middle income country. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, the National Collaborative Perinatal Neonatal Network (NCPNN) supported by the Ministry of Health piloted the implementation of NRP training in member hospitals throughout the country...
July 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26389878/maternal-pufa-%C3%AF-3-supplementation-prevents-neonatal-lung-injuries-induced-by-hyperoxia-in-newborn-rats
#18
Dyuti Sharma, Armande Subayi Nkembi, Estelle Aubry, Ali Houeijeh, Laura Butruille, Véronique Houfflin-Debarge, Rémi Besson, Philippe Deruelle, Laurent Storme
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is one of the most common complications of prematurity, occurring in 30% of very low birth weight infants. The benefits of dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids ω-3 (PUFA ω-3) during pregnancy or the perinatal period have been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of maternal PUFA ω-3 supplementation on lung injuries in newborn rats exposed to prolonged hyperoxia. Pregnant female Wistar rats (n = 14) were fed a control diet (n = 2), a PUFA ω-6 diet (n = 6), or a PUFA ω-3 diet (n = 6), starting with the 14th gestation day...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26389093/maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-after-a-prior-cesarean-birth-by-planned-mode-of-delivery-and-history-of-prior-vaginal-birth-in-british-columbia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Celeste D Bickford, Patricia A Janssen
BACKGROUND: As rates for cesarean births continue to rise, more women are faced with the choice to plan a vaginal or a repeat cesarean birth after a previous cesarean. The objective of this population-based retrospective cohort study was to compare the safety of planned vaginal birth with cesarean birth after 1-2 previous cesarean sections. METHODS: We identified singleton term births in British Columbia from 2000 to 2008 using data from the British Columbia Perinatal Data Registry...
April 2015: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388893/comparison-of-gastric-and-other-bowel-perforations-in-preterm-infants-a-review-of-20-years-experience-in-a-single-institution
#20
Do Kyung Lee, So Yeon Shim, Su Jin Cho, Eun Ae Park, Sun Wha Lee
PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to review the clinical presentation of preterm infants with gastrointestinal perforations and compare the clinical features of gastric perforation with other intestinal perforations. METHODS: The medical records of preterm neonates with pneumoperitoneum, admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between January 1994 and December 2013, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-one preterm infants underwent exploratory laparotomy to investigate the cause of the pneumoperitoneum...
August 2015: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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