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Jaclyn Boulais, Teresa Vente, Mary Daley, Saradha Ramesh, Jennifer McGuirl, Bonnie Arzuaga
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are as follows: (1) to determine the incidence of parental concern for mortality (PCM) and any potential predictors for it among parents of infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and (2) to explore physicians' perspectives with respect to PCM in the NICU and to examine current practices of addressing it. STUDY DESIGN: Separate questionnaires were distributed to members of the AAP Section on Perinatal-Neonatal Medicine District I and to NICU parents post discharge, to gather perspectives from each group...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Julia C Phillippi, Kathleen Danhausen, Jill Alliman, R David Phillippi
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review investigates the effect of the birth center setting on neonatal mortality in economically developed countries to aid women and clinicians in decision making. METHODS: We searched the Google Scholar, CINAHL, and PubMed databases using key terms birth/birthing center or out of hospital with perinatal/neonatal outcomes. Ancestry searches identified additional studies, and an alert was set for new publications. We included primary source studies in English, published after 1980, conducted in a developed country, and researching planned birth in centers with guidelines similar to American Association of Birth Centers standards...
January 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Xiaopeng Zhao, Binbin Ma, Shaokang Mo, Lu Ma, Fei Chang, Liyuan Zhang, Fang Xu, Ling Wang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the application value of the extended embryo culture for 7-8 h in day 3 morning during IVF-ET process. METHODS: Embryos were retrospectively assessed during 08:00-09:00 on the morning of day 3 in the control group, and were assessed once again at 16:00 in the afternoon in the extended culture (EC) group. The embryos with good developmental potential were preferentially selected to transfer. The cumulative pregnancy outcomes were analyzed in one oocyte retrieval cycle...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Nilgün Kültürsay, Niyazi Aşkar, Demet Terek, Ahmet Özgür Yeniel, Özge Altun Köroğlu, Mehmet Yalaz, Ferda Özkınay, Mete Akısü
BACKGROUND: Perinatal, foetal and neonatal mortality statistics are important to show the development of a health care system in a country. However, in our country there are very few national and regional data about the changing pattern of perinatal neonatal mortality along with the development of new technologies in this area. AIMS: Evaluation of the changes in mortality rates and the causes of perinatal and neonatal deaths within years in a perinatal reference centre which serves a high-risk population...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
Rym El Rafei, Hussein A Abbas, Hind Alameddine, Ayah Al Bizri, Imad Melki, Khalid A Yunis
Introduction It has been established that underweight women with low gestational weight gain (GWG) are at a higher risk of having Small for Gestational Age (SGA) newborns. However, the association remains poorly studied in Middle Eastern societies exhibiting different ethnic groups, genetic predisposing factors along with differences in nutritional food intake during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to assess the risk of having a SGA newborn among underweight and normal weight BMI women while studying the role of GWG in this association...
August 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Tuhin Biswas, Md Jasim Uddin, Abdullah Al Mamun, Sonia Pervin, Sarah P Garnett
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are a particular concern for women of reproductive age. They not only increase the risk of chronic diseases but they are also associated with adverse perinatal, neonatal, infant and child outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the trend of overweight and obesity among Bangladeshi women of reproductive age between 2004 and 2014. METHOD: This is a secondary data analysis of the 2004, 2007, 2011 and 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHS)...
2017: PloS One
Hirosuke Inoue, Masayuki Ochiai, Kazuaki Yasuoka, Koichi Tanaka, Hiroaki Kurata, Junko Fujiyoshi, Yuki Matsushita, Shutaro Suga, Kazuaki Nonaka, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kiyoko Kato, Shouichi Ohga
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term prognosis of Japanese infants with a birth weight (BW) of ≤500 g. STUDY DESIGN: Demographic and clinical data were reviewed for 1473 live born infants with a BW ≤500 g at gestational age ≥22 weeks who were treated in the 204 affiliated hospitals of the Neonatal Research Network of Japan between 2003 and 2012. RESULTS: Survival to hospital discharge occurred in 811 of 1473 infants (55%; 95% CI 53%-58%)...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Linda S Franck, Alison McNulty, Fiona Alderdice
Preterm birth is traumatic for parents, but there are few reports of parents' views on how the healthcare journey can be improved. This secondary thematic analysis used focus group data from parent consultation on proposed neonatal services standards for Northern Ireland to discover parents' experiences and recommendations for the perinatal, neonatal, and home care phases. Parents of preterm infants (n = 40) described their healthcare journey as positive overall and were grateful for the caring and competent care providers they encountered...
July 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Tatiana Papazian, Georges Abi Tayeh, Darine Sibai, Hala Hout, Imad Melki, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND: Studies on the relative impact of body mass index in women in childbearing age and gestational weight gain on neonatal outcomes are scarce in the Middle East. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this research was to assess the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on neonatal outcomes. The effect of maternal age and folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy was also examined. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross sectional observational study of 1000 full term deliveries of women enrolled thru the National Collaborative Perinatal Neonatal Network, in Lebanon...
2017: PloS One
Y Y Chee, M Sc Wong, R Ms Wong, K Y Wong
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of local data on neonatal outcomes of preterm/very-low-birth-weight infants in Hong Kong. This study aimed to evaluate the survival rate on discharge and morbidity of preterm/very-low-birth-weight infants (≤29+6 weeks and/or birth weight <1500 g) over a decade at Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong, so as to provide centre-specific data for prenatal counselling and to benchmark these results against the Vermont Oxford Network. METHODS: Standardised perinatal/neonatal data were collected for 449 infants with gestational age of 23+0 to 29+6 weeks and/or birth weight of <1500 g who were born at Queen Mary Hospital between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2014...
July 7, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Peter J Anderson, Karli Treyvaud, Jeffrey J Neil, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Rodney W Hunt, Deanne K Thompson, Katherine J Lee, Lex W Doyle, Terrie E Inder
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between brain abnormalities on newborn magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurodevelopmental impairment at 7 years of age in very preterm children. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 223 very preterm infants (<30 weeks of gestation or <1250 g) born at Melbourne's Royal Women's Hospital had a brain MRI scan at term equivalent age. Scans were scored using a standardized system that assessed structural abnormality of cerebral white matter, cortical gray matter, deep gray matter, and cerebellum...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Liisa Lehtonen, Ana Gimeno, Anna Parra-Llorca, Máximo Vento
Early neonatal death (ENND), defined as the death of a newborn between zero and seven days after birth, represents 73% of all postnatal deaths worldwide. Despite a 50% reduction in childhood mortality, reduction of ENND has significantly lagged behind other Millennium Developmental Goal achievements and is a growing contributor to overall mortality in children aged <5 years. The etiology of ENND is closely related to the level of a country's industrialization. Hence, prematurity and congenital anomalies are the leading causes in high-income countries...
June 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Aparna Sridhar, Jennifer Salcedo
Postpartum contraception is important to prevent unintended pregnancies. Assisting women in achieving recommended inter-pregnancy intervals is a significant maternal-child health concern. Short inter-pregnancy intervals are associated with negative perinatal, neonatal, infant, and maternal health outcomes. More than 30% of women experience inter-pregnancy intervals of less than 18 months in the United States. Provision of any contraceptive method after giving birth is associated with improved inter-pregnancy intervals...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Henning Andersen, Sofia I I Kring, Peter Damm
BACKGROUND: There are a lack of data regarding the effect of basal insulin analogues on rates of events like congenital malformation and perinatal mortality in diabetic pregnancy. METHODS: The present study is a prospective, non-interventional, multicentre cohort study conducted in seven countries, designed to assess the safety of insulin detemir during pregnancy, and to monitor the health status of resulting infants (exposed in utero) up to 1 year of age. The study population includes women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, who are pregnant and being treated with insulin...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Sindhu Sivanandan, Parijat Chandra, Ashok K Deorari, Ramesh Agarwal
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially avoidable childhood blindness worldwide. With improvement in neonatal care, more preterm infants are surviving with a resultant increase in the number of ROP cases. In low-middle income countries, the disease epidemiology is characterized by the occurrence of ROP at higher birthweight in premature babies with greater severity at presentation. In this article, we describe the ROP screening and management program at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi that has evolved over last three decades...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Sudhanshu Grover, Deeksha Katoch, Mangat R Dogra, Praveen Kumar
High quality perinatal-neonatal care can prevent severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in most cases. Preterm infants who do develop retinopathy can also have good visual outcomes if screening and treatment are done timely. National Neonatology Forum published clinical practice guidelines for timely screening and treatment of ROP in neonatal care units in the country in 2010. It is also listed as one of the condition under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram for early identification and early intervention, and is currently a focus area under the National Program for Control of Blindness...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Francesco Scalone, Patrizia Agati, Aurora Angeli, Annalisa Donno
Previous researchers have found that traditional determinants explain only a limited part of the variation in perinatal and infant mortality at the family level. In the study reported in this paper, we explored the factors that make the perinatal/neonatal death risk more heterogeneous across families. We estimated logistic regressions with cluster random effects at the maternal level, using data from the Italian village of Granarolo from 1900 to 1939. We estimated the effects of selected predictors on perinatal/neonatal mortality and unexplained inter-family variation...
March 2017: Population Studies
Aline Dill Winck, João Paulo Heinzmann-Filho, Deise Schumann, Helen Zatti, Rita Mattiello, Marcus Herbert Jones, Renato Tetelbom Stein
Objective: To compare somatic growth, lung function, and level of physical activity in schoolchildren who had been very-low-birth-weight preterm infants (VLBWPIs) or normal-birth-weight full-term infants. Methods: We recruited two groups of schoolchildren between 8 and 11 years of age residing in the study catchment area: those who had been VLBWPIs (birth weight < 1,500 g); and those who had been normal-birth-weight full-term infants (controls, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g)...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
M Storgaard, A Loft, C Bergh, U B Wennerholm, V Söderström-Anttila, L B Romundstad, K Aittomaki, N Oldereid, J Forman, A Pinborg
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50 000 oocyte donation (OD) treatment cycles are now performed annually in Europe and the US. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether the risk of adverse obstetric and perinatal/neonatal outcomes is higher in pregnancies conceived by OD than in pregnancies conceived by conventional in-vitro fertilisation (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or spontaneously. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic search was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane and Embase databases from 1982-2016...
March 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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