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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335103/correlation-between-gastric-emptying-and-gastric-adaptive-relaxation-influenced-by-amino-acids
#1
Masayuki Uchida, Orie Kobayashi, Chizuru Saito
Background/Aims: Amino acids have many physiological activities. We report the correlation between gastric emptying and gastric adaptive relaxation using tryptophan and amino acids with a straight alkyl chain, hydroxylated chain, and branched chain. Here we sought to further clarify the correlation between gastric emptying and gastric adaptive relaxation by using other amino acids. Methods: In Sprague-Dawley rats, gastric emptying was evaluated by a breath test using [1-¹³C] acetic acid...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334031/forecasted-economic-change-and-the-self-fulfilling-prophecy-in-economic-decision-making
#2
Diamantis Petropoulos Petalas, Hein van Schie, Paul Hendriks Vettehen
This study addresses the self-fulfilling prophecy effect, in the domain of economic decision-making. We present experimental data in support of the hypothesis that speculative forecasts of economic change can impact individuals' economic decision behavior, prior to any realized changes. In a within-subjects experiment, participants (N = 40) played 180 trials in a Balloon Analogue Risk Talk (BART) in which they could make actual profit. Simple messages about possible (positive and negative) changes in outcome probabilities of future trials had significant effects on measures of risk taking (number of inflations) and actual profits in the game...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333037/cerebral-hemodynamic-with-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-business-as-usual
#3
Juliana Caldas, Ronney B Panerai, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu, Juliano Almeida, Graziela Ferreira, Ligia Cunha, Ricardo Nogueira, Marcelo Oliveira, Fabio Jatene, Thompson Robinson, Ludhmila Hajjar
Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is commonly used as mechanical support after cardiac surgery or cardiac shock. Although its benefits for cardiac function have been well documented, its effects on cerebral circulation are still controversial. We hypothesized that transfer function analysis (TFA) and continuous estimates of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) provide consistent results in the assessment of cerebral autoregulation in patients with IABP. Continuous recordings of blood pressure (BP, intra-arterial line), end-tidal CO2, heart rate and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV, transcranial Doppler) were obtained i) 5 minutes with IABP ratio 1:3, ii) 5 minutes, starting 1 minute with the IABP-ON, and continuing for another 4 minutes without pump assistance (IABP-OFF)...
March 23, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331452/balloon-occlusion-technique-for-managing-portal-vein-hemorrhage-in-liver-transplantation
#4
John B Seal, Humberto Bohorquez, Naren Battula, Lucia DeGregorio, Emily Bugeaud, David S Bruce, Ian C Carmody, Ari J Cohen, George E Loss
BACKGROUND: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is relatively common among candidates for liver transplantation and can present significant intraoperative challenges. Depending on the extent of PVT, thromboendovenectomy (TEV), portal bypass, or systemic inflow may be required to restore portal inflow. While TEV is the most commonly used approach to restore anatomic portal inflow, portal vein injury and life-threatening hemorrhage are risks with this technique. CASE REPORT: We present a salvage technique for managing portal vein injury during TEV using intraluminal balloon occlusion of the portal vein during portal vein repair and reconstruction...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331451/vanishing-bronchus-after-lung-transplantation-the-role-of-sequential-airway-dilatations
#5
Abdul Hamid Alraiyes, Hanine Inaty, Michael S Machuzak
BACKGROUND: Airway complications after lung transplant play an important role in patient survival. Early recognition and treatment of these complications are necessary to help ensure that patients who receive lung transplants have good outcomes. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old female with a history of pulmonary venous occlusive disease presented to our hospital for a double-lung transplant. Her postoperative course was complicated by severe primary graft dysfunction...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331143/chopstick-injury-successful-stent-graft-therapy-for-traumatic-left-subclavian-artery-aneurysm
#6
Tatsuo Ueda, Hiroyuki Tajima, Satoru Murata, Ryo Takagi, Hiroyuki Yokota, Shin-Ichiro Kumita
Traumatic chopstick injury is very rare, especially in the vascular system. We present an unusual case of a 19-year-old man who presented at the emergency department after being stabbed with a chopstick by his elder brother. Computed tomography revealed a left subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm, which increased from 4 mm to 7 mm in diameter within 47 days. We successfully deployed a Niti-S stent graft for the increasing aneurysm, thereby avoiding a surgical operation. Balloon angioplasty was added for re-stenosis 8 months after the first intervention...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331136/improvement-in-quality-of-life-in-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-with-balloon-pulmonary-angioplasty
#7
Toru Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331113/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-with-different-valve-types-in-elliptic-aortic-annuli
#8
Yoshio Maeno, Yigal Abramowitz, Sung-Han Yoon, Hasan Jilaihawi, Sharma Raul, Sharjeel Israr, Masaki Miyasaka, Hiroyuki Kawamori, Yoshio Kazuno, Tanya Rami, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Geeteshwar Mangat, Mohammad Kashif, Tarun Chakravarty, Mamoo Nakamura, Wen Cheng, Raj R Makkar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of an elliptic annulus on acute device success rates following self-expanding (SE) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) vs. balloon-expandable (BE) TAVR.Methods and Results:Outcomes were assessed using Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Aortic annulus ratio (AAR) was measured as short axis diameter/long axis diameter. Mean AAR was 0.81±0.06. Patients were therefore divided into 2 groups: AAR <0...
March 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330516/treatment-of-severe-refractory-valvar-pulmonary-stenosis-with-primary-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-implantation
#9
Kalyani R Trivedi, Laurence Robinson, Alain Fraisse
Some patients with pulmonary valve stenosis do not respond to balloon valvuloplasty and must undergo surgical repair. We report the case of a 12-year-old child with pulmonary valve stenosis and Noonan syndrome in whom we performed transcatheter Melody pulmonary valve implantation after balloon dilation failed. The result was excellent. This technique can be proposed as an alternative to surgery in such cases.
March 23, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#10
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329312/first-experience-with-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-without-prior-balloon-pre-dilatation-using-a-latest-generation-repositionable-and-retrievable-transcatheter-heart-valve%C3%A2
#11
Andreas Schaefer, Eva Harmel, Moritz Seiffert, Daniel Reichart, Florian Deuschl, Niklas Schofer, Yvonne Schneeberger, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Ulrich Schaefer, Lenard Conradi
OBJECTIVES: : The aim of this study was to prove technical feasibility and document haemodynamic and clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the latest generation repositionable and retrievable Lotus™ transcatheter heart valve (THV) without prior balloon-aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). It has been demonstrated for self-expandable and balloon-expandable THV that implantation without prior BAV is not only feasible and safe but also results in lower fluoroscopy times and amounts of contrast agent while yielding non-inferior haemodynamic and clinical outcome...
February 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329142/simultaneous-arterial-switch-and-totally-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-repair-in-a-5-hour-old-child-complicated-by-pulmonary-venous-stenosis
#12
Yaroslav Mykychak, Oleh Fedevych, Andrii Maksymenko, Illya Yemets
A 5-hour-old boy underwent arterial switch operation and totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection repair. Subsequently developed severe pulmonary venous stenosis was successfully treated with hybrid balloon angioplasty.
February 3, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329070/paclitaxel-crystals-on-the-surface-of-a-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-visualized-by-optical-coherence-tomography-after-drug-eluting-balloon-angioplasty
#13
María López-Benito, Armando Pérez de Prado, Carlos Cuellas, Rodrigo Estévez, Felipe Fernández-Vázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328941/cynomolgus-monkeys-are-successfully-and-persistently-infected-with-hepatitis-e-virus-genotype-3-hev-3-after-long-term-immunosuppressive-therapy
#14
Noemi Rovaris Gardinali, Juliana Rodrigues Guimarães, Juliana Gil Melgaço, Yohan Britto Kevorkian, Fernanda de Oliveira Bottino, Yasmine Rangel Vieira, Aline Campos de Azevedo da Silva, Douglas Pereira Pinto, Laís Bastos da Fonseca, Leandro Schiavo Vilhena, Edilson Uiechi, Maria Cristina Carlan da Silva, Julio Moran, Renato Sérgio Marchevsky, Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz, Rodrigo Alejandro Arellano Otonel, Amauri Alcindo Alfieri, Jaqueline Mendes de Oliveira, Ana Maria Coimbra Gaspar, Marcelo Alves Pinto
Epidemiological studies found that hepatitis E virus genotype 3 (HEV-3) infection was associated with chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis in immunocompromised patients. Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between the host immunosuppressive status and the occurrence of HEV-related chronic hepatitis. Here we describe a successful experimental study, using cynomolgus monkeys previously treated with tacrolimus, a potent calcineurin inhibitor immunosuppressant, and infected with a Brazilian HEV-3 strain isolated from naturally infected pigs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328833/drug-coated-balloon-in-combination-with-bare-metal-stent-strategy-for-de-novo-coronary-artery-disease-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#15
Wenjie Lu, Yongjian Zhu, Zhanying Han, Xi Wang, Xule Wang, Chunguang Qiu
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the efficiency of drug-coated balloon (DCB) + bare metal stent (BMS) compared with stents alone for de novo lesions have reported inconsistent results. The present comprehensive meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessed and compared the clinical efficacy and safety of DCB + BMS with those of stents alone for de novo coronary artery disease. METHODS: We formally searched electronic databases before September 2016 to identify potential studies...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328730/partial-occlusion-conversion-from-thoracotomy-undelayed-but-shorter-occlusion-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-strategy-in-japan
#16
Yosuke Matsumura, Junichi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Kondo, Koji Idoguchi, Tomohiro Funabiki
INTRODUCTION: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a viable alternative to resuscitative thoracotomy (RT) in refractory hemorrhagic patients. We evaluated REBOA strategies using Japanese multi-institutional data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The DIRECT-IABO investigators registered trauma patients requiring REBOA from 18 hospitals. Patients' characteristics, outcomes, and time in initial treatment were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: From August 2011 to December 2015, 106 trauma patients were analyzed...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328613/endoscopic-endonasal-repair-of-isolated-medial-orbital-wall-fracture-with-balloon-technique
#17
Kazutaka Soejima, Tsutomu Kashimura, Takashi Yamaki, Hiroyuki Sakurai, Hiroaki Nakazawa
Endonasal endoscopic repair of medial orbital wall fractures is minimally invasive and benefits the patients. The authors describe the authors' modified balloon technique, which allows longer support of the orbital wall. From October 2010 through January 2016, the author repaired 9 isolated medial wall fractures by this method. Five patients were diagnosed as having enophthalmos of greater than 2 mm, and 6 patients had persistent diplopia before the operation. The herniated orbital contents that filled the anterior ethmoidal sinus were gently reduced with a 4-mm-diameter 0° sinus endoscope...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328285/intrapulmonary-artery-balloon-pulsation-improves-circulatory-function-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-pigs
#18
Rahma Ouardani, Nikos Magkoutis, Philippe Bonnin, Chantal Kang, Antoni W Kedra, Georgios Sideris, Michel Bonneau, Sebastian Voicu
AIM: To examine whether pulmonary artery balloon pulsation (PABP) could improve circulatory function in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in pigs. METHODS/RESULTS: Ten downsize pigs were sedated and ventilated. AMI was induced by inserting a plug into the left anterior descending artery. A pulsation balloon was placed in the pulmonary artery in all animals. In the treatment group (TG), pulsations began when life-threatening arrhythmia or > 30% drop in mean blood pressure (MBP) or > 40% decrease in cardiac output compared to baseline occurred...
March 22, 2017: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327983/changing-paradigms-in-the-endovascular-management-of-ruptured-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysms
#19
Karam Moon, Min S Park, Felipe C Albuquerque, Michael R Levitt, Celene B Mulholland, Cameron G McDougall
BACKGROUND: Approximately 17% of ruptured anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms were deemed unsuitable for coil embolization during the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial (BRAT), most commonly due to unfavorable dome-to-neck ratio or small size. OBJECTIVE: To compare patients treated by coil embolization for ruptured ACoA aneurysms during the trial to those treated after the trial to determine whether advances in endovascular techniques have allowed for effective treatment of these lesions...
January 25, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326178/introduction-of-cryobiopsies-in-the-diagnostics-of-interstitial-lung-diseases-experiences-in-a-referral-center
#20
Sissel Kronborg-White, Birgitte Folkersen, Torben Riis Rasmussen, Nina Voldby, Line Bille Madsen, Finn Rasmussen, Venerino Poletti, Elisabeth Bendstrup
Introduction: Transbronchial cryobiopsies (cTBB) has emerged as a new method for obtaining lung tissue biopsies in the diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). Until now, it has been used in a few highly specialized interventional centers and has shown promising results in obtaining a definite diagnosis of ILDs. Method: All patients undergoing a cTBB between November 2015 and June 2016 were included in this case series study. Data on patient demographics, high-resolution computed tomography patterns, size and number of biopsies, histology patterns, the contribution to a confident diagnosis and complications were registered...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
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