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External jugular thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421193/lemierre-s-syndrome-associated-mycotic-aneurysm-of-the-external-carotid-artery-with-primary-internal-carotid-artery-occlusion-in-a-previously-healthy-18-year-old-female
#1
Khalil H Chamseddin, Melissa L Kirkwood
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare life threatening condition characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis, and is typically associated with a gram negative infection with septic metastasis secondary to a retropharyngeal abscess that involves the vasculature of the head and neck. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in an 18-year-old female adolescent who developed an internal carotid artery occlusion and ipsilateral external carotid artery mycotic aneurysm complicated by fulminant pseudomonal sepsis. The patient was managed with open ligation of the external carotid artery with essentially complete recovery...
July 12, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329884/-the-application-of-microvascular-anastomotic-device-for-free-flap-transfer-in-reconstruction-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-defects
#2
Qiang Sun, Jun-fang Zhao, Zheng Fang, Hai-bin Wang, Ming-lei Sun
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effect and summarize the experience of vein anastomosis by microvascular anastomotic device in reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial defects. METHODS: From September 2014 to May 2015, twenty-one free flaps were used to repair oral and maxillofacial defects. During surgery, facial artery or supra thyroid artery were selected as feeding arteries, and external jugular vein or the branch of jugular vein was used as the recipient vein...
April 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318247/rivaroxaban-improves-patency-and-decreases-inflammation-in-a-mouse-model-of-catheter-thrombosis
#3
Christi M Terry, Yuxia He, Alfred K Cheung
INTRODUCTION: Dysfunction of indwelling central venous catheters (CVC) due to tissue ingrowth or clotting is common. The study objective was to determine if the oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban (RIVA) improved CVC patency and inflammation in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polyurethane catheters (0.5cm length) were placed unilaterally into the external jugular vein (EJV) of mice, which subsequently underwent daily gavage with either vehicle or RIVA (5mg/kg). CVC patency, as assessed by B-mode and Doppler ultrasound, and hematocrit were measured at 3, 7, 14 or 21days (n=8-11 mice/group/time-point)...
August 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097872/internal-jugular-venous-thrombosis-due-to-trousseau-s-syndrome-as-the-presenting-feature-of-metastatic-prostate-carcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Asela Rasika Bandara, Harith Wimalarathna, Ranjith Kalupahana, Sonali Sihindi Chapa Gunathilake
BACKGROUND: Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a rare vascular event with a potentially fatal outcome. Of the known etiologies, internal malignancies, either known or occult, are well described. Even though malignancies are known to present with internal jugular vein thrombosis, it rarely occurs due to prostate carcinoma. Many cases of jugular vein and superior vena cava thrombosis secondary to malignancies are due to metastatic compression of veins. Recurrent and unusual vascular thrombosis due to hypercoagulability associated with malignancies is also known as Trousseau's syndrome...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917895/great-cervical-venous-tumoral-thrombosis-of-melanotic-medullary-carcinoma-thyroid-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-enabled-diagnosis-and-radiotherapy-planning
#5
Mohana Vamsy Chigurupati, Vidya Madiraju, Namrata Chigurupati, Pawan Gulabrao Shinkar, Snehalatha Dhagam, Vatturi Venkata Satya Prabhakar Rao
The authors report an extremely rare occurrence of a massive tumor thrombus involving right internal and external jugular veins extending into superior vena cava from a still rarer melanotic medullary carcinoma thyroid in the postoperative follow-up. The case was managed by hypofractionated intensity modulated radiotherapy technique with gratifying results.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808756/the-rolled-up-sleeve-technique-for-microvascular-venous-anastomosis-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction-animal-study-and-clinical-series
#6
Mario F Scaglioni, Yur-Ren Kuo, Yen-Chou Chen
BACKGROUND: Venous anastomosis is challenging especially when encountering the thin recipient vein wall in the head and neck region. The authors developed the "rolled-up sleeve" technique to solve this scenario. METHODS: An animal study was performed to access the safety and reliability of the "rolled-up sleeve" technique. This technique was performed in 53 consecutive patients during head and neck reconstruction. RESULTS: In the animal study, all anastomoses were patent...
March 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26673306/-reconstructive-operations-in-pathology-of-central-veins-associated-with-vascular-approach
#7
A V Maksimov, A K Feĭskhanov, É Sh Makarimov, L I Feĭskhanova
Presented herein are the results of treatment of 28 patients with stenosis/occlusion of central veins undergoing replacement therapy by means of programmed haemodialysis for terminal renal failure. The clinical symptomatology in all patients manifested itself by chronic lymphovenous insufficiency of the upper limb, dysfunction of the vascular access (14 patients, thrombosis of the vascular approach (5 patients), venous hypertension of the brain (4 patients). 17 patients had aneurysms of the vascular approach in the zone of puncture...
2015: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26360605/assessment-of-novel-anti-thrombotic-fusion-proteins-for-inhibition-of-stenosis-in-a-porcine-model-of-arteriovenous-graft
#8
Christi M Terry, Ilya Zhuplatov, Yuxia He, Tze-Chein Wun, Seong-Eun Kim, Alfred K Cheung
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis arteriovenous synthetic grafts (AVG) provide high volumetric blood flow rates shortly after surgical placement. However, stenosis often develops at the vein-graft anastomosis contributing to thrombosis and early graft failure. Two novel fusion proteins, ANV-6L15 and TAP-ANV, inhibit the tissue factor/factor VIIa coagulation complex and the factor Xa/factor Va complex, respectively. Each inhibitor domain is fused to an annexin V domain that targets the inhibitor activity to sites of vascular injury to locally inhibit thrombosis...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301793/idiopathic-bilateral-external-jugular-vein-thrombosis
#9
Zakaria Hindi, Ehab Fadhel
BACKGROUND: Vein thrombosis is mainly determined by 3 factors, which constitute a triad called Virchow's triad: hypercoagulability, stasis, and endothelial injury. Venous thrombosis commonly occurs in the lower extremities since most of the blood resides there and flows against gravity. The veins of the lower extremities are dependent on intact valves and fully functional leg muscles. However, in case of valvular incompetency or muscular weakness, thrombosis and blood stasis will occur as a result...
2015: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26269390/repair-of-a-large-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-with-a-free-jejunal-patch-flap-after-salvage-laryngectomy-a-case-report
#10
Takashi Hirano, Taro Iwasaki, Keigo Fujita, Shinsuke Takeno, Masashi Suzuki
Preoperative chemoradiation therapy increases the risk of pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) after laryngectomy. In this report, we describe the use of a free jejunal patch flap and a deltopectoral flap for surgical treatment of a large PCF. A 52-year-old man underwent salvage laryngectomy and right neck dissection after concurrent radiotherapy for laryngeal carcinoma. On postoperative day 5, a pharyngeal fistula and neck abscess occurred with the right internal jugular vein thrombosis. We sutured the pharyngeal mucosa to the cervical skin to avoid carotid artery exposure, and we also ligated the right internal jugular vein...
August 13, 2015: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26126918/the-use-of-venous-coupler-device-in-free-tissue-transfers-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-reconstruction
#11
Rui Li, Rui Zhang, Wei He, Yongming Qiao, Wenlu Li
PURPOSE: Microvascular anastomosis remains the most challenging and important technique affecting the success of free tissue transfers. A microvascular anastomotic coupling device is often used. This study is a retrospective review of the use of a venous coupler for head and neck reconstruction during a 2-year period at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (Zhengzhou, China). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutive cases of microvascular free flaps from December 2012 through December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25509027/-jugular-vein-reconstruction-by-longitudinal-constriction-suture-venoplasty-and-microvascular-anastomosis
#12
Ren Zhenhu, Fan Tengfei, Wu Hanjiang, Wang Kai, Tan Hongyu, Gong Chaojian, Jinbing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To seek a new method for reconstructing bilateral intemrnal jugular vein invaded by metastasis lymph node in advanced oral cancer patients. METHODS: A combination of microvascular anastomosis and longitudinal constriction suture venoplasty was performed to reconstruct internal jugular vein. We resected the part of the bilateral internal jugular vein of advanced oral cancer patients invaded by metastasis lymph node and used the external carotid vein to reconstruct the internal jugular vein...
October 2014: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25490826/-jugular-vein-reconstruction-by-longitudinal-constriction-suture-venoplasty-and-microvascular-anastomosis
#13
Ren Zhenhu, Fan Tengfei, Wu Hanjiang, Wang Kai, Tan Hongyu, Gong Chaojian, Jinbing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To seek a new method for reconstructing bilateral intemrnal jugular vein invaded by metastasis lymph node in advanced oral cancer patients. METHODS: A combination of microvascular anastomosis and longitudinal constriction suture venoplasty was performed to reconstruct internal jugular vein. We resected the part of the bilateral internal jugular vein of advanced oral cancer patients invaded by metastasis lymph node and used the external carotid vein to reconstruct the internal jugular vein...
October 2014: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25458346/double-anterior-anterolateral-and-anteromedial-thigh-flap-for-oral-perforated-defect-reconstruction
#14
W H Wang, J Y Deng, B Xu, J Zhu, B Xia, B J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the therapeutic efficacy of oral perforated defect reconstruction with a double anterior (anterolateral and anteromedial) thigh flap through the modified lateral lip-submandibular approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2010 to August 2013, eight patients with oral perforated defects secondary to oral cancer ablation involving the superior partial mandible or the posterior partial maxilla, with immediate reconstruction by double anterior (anterolateral and anteromedial) thigh flaps, were retrospectively enrolled into this study...
December 2014: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25370762/-clinical-application-of-totally-implantable-central-venous-port
#15
Yuqiao Sun, Tao Zhou, Yuntao Li, Jianxin Wang, Junqin Jiao, Haoqi Wang, Cuizhi Geng
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the disposal methods and the reasons of complications in operation of totally implantable central venous port (TICVP). METHODS: A total of 2 007 patients were enrolled in this observational, single-center study between December 2008 and March 2013. TICVP implantation was performed with one small skin incision and subcutaneous puncture of subclavian or jugular vein. Patient's profiles, indications of port system, early and delayed complications, and disposal methods were evaluated...
August 2014: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25247102/thrombosis-of-the-external-jugular-vein-a-rare-complication-of-a-proximal-humerus-fracture-treated-with-collar-and-cuff-immobilisation
#16
Michael Gale, Simon Craxford, Leia Taylor, Helen Montgomery, Simon Pickering
We report the case of an 87-year-old woman who developed a thrombosis of her external jugular vein after sustaining a proximal humerus fracture managed nonoperatively with a collar and cuff. At review in fracture clinic she was found to have an enlarged external jugular vein which was subsequently found to be thrombosed. Her collar and cuff had been applied very tightly and it was felt by the ENT team to be the cause of the thrombosis of her external jugular vein. She was fully anticoagulated with warfarin after subsequently developing a deep vein thrombosis in the subclavian and axillary veins...
2014: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25203964/-thrombosed-external-jugular-vein-aneurysm-a-rare-cause-of-neck-mass
#17
Inês Santiago Martins, Hugo Pisco Pacheco, Isabel Sapeira
Venous aneurysms are rarely responsible for neck masses, and regarding the neck veins, external jugular vein aneurysms are extremely uncommon, with a few cases reported in the literature. Although most cases are asymptomatic, they may cause pain, be complicated by thrombosis or even rupture. Imaging studies have a role in the diagnosis and surgical planning of this pathology. With emphasis on the imaging techniques, the authors present a case of an external jugular vein aneurysm, initially asymptomatic but thereafter complicated with thrombosis...
July 2014: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25064883/p-001%C3%A2-high-resolution-optical-and-angiographic-ct-imaging-of-flow-diverter-stents-for-assessment-of-vessel-wall-apposition
#18
K van der Marel, M Gounis, R King, A Wakhloo, A Puri
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial placement of flow-diverter (FD) stents provides a safe and effective treatment for aneurysms.(1) However, long-term angiographic follow-up is indicated, since in-stent stenosis and late thrombosis as a consequence of poor vessel wall apposition increase the risks of stroke-related complications.(1,2) In addition to conventional angiography, high-resolution contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT (VasoCT) may provide improved three-dimensional visualization of stent deployment and apposition...
July 2014: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25030617/glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-activation-ameliorates-venous-thrombosis-induced-arteriovenous-fistula-failure-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Chiang-Ting Chien, Shih-Chen Fan, Shao-Chieh Lin, Chang-Chih Kuo, Chih-Hui Yang, Tzu-Ying Yu, Shih-Pin Lee, Dai-Yu Cheng, Ping-Chia Li
High shear stress that develops in the arteriovenous fistula of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) may increase H2O2 and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) release, thereby exacerbating endothelial dysfunction, thrombosis, and neointimal hyperplasia. We investigated whether glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist/exendin-4, a potentially cardiovascular protective agent, could improve TXA2-induced arteriovenous fistula injury in CKD. TXA2 administration to H2O2-exposed human umbilical vein endothelial cells increased apoptosis, senescence, and detachment; these phenotypes were associated with the downregulation of phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase/heme oxygenase-1 (eNOS/HO-1) signalling...
November 2014: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25021987/ptu-114%C3%A2-hepatology-specialist-nurse-led-external-jugular-venepuncture-is-it-safe-and-effective
#20
Ld Morris, S Frayne, J Wadsworth, M Mansoor, Y Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Difficult venous access is a significant problem for a proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis C and a history of intravenous drug use. It can impede access to treatment and cause distress for the patient. Sampling blood through external jugular venepuncture (EJV) is highly successful. This enables more patients to be assessed and treated with antiviral therapy whilst participating in clinical trials. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of an EJV service in a large district general hospital, led by a Hepatology Specialist Nurse...
June 2014: Gut
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