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External jugular thrombosis

Maxim Yu Rykov, Sergei V Zaborovskij, Alexander N Shvecov, Vladimir V Shukin
PURPOSE: To review our experience with peripherally inserted central catheters in pediatric cancer patients. METHODS: The analysis included 353 patients (3 months up to 17 years, mean age 11.2 years) with a variety of cancers diseases, which in 2011-2016, 354 peripherally inserted central catheters were placed. All settings are carried out using ultrasound guidance. In 138 (39%) patients, external anatomical landmarks were used and in 216 (61%) intraoperative fluoroscopy...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Koichiro Kiya, Tateki Kubo, Shien Seike, Ko Hosokawa
Microvascular free tissue transfer is one of the most common techniques of reconstruction for complex head and neck surgical defects. Generally, venous thrombosis is more likely to occur than arterial thrombosis in vascular anastomosis. Thus, recipient veins must be chosen carefully. Although the internal jugular vein is preferred as a recipient vein by many microsurgeons, internal jugular vein thrombosis is a potential complication, as shown in our report. Therefore, we consider that the external jugular vein still is an option as a recipient for venous anastomosis and that it is better to perform multiple vein anastomoses with 2 different venous systems, such as the internal and external jugular systems, than anastomoses within the same venous system...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Sneha Raju, John Byrne
An 85-year-old man presented with an acute asymptomatic lateral neck mass in the context of deep tissue neck massages during the past year. He was referred to vascular surgery after an ultrasound examination of the neck revealed a thrombus in the external jugular vein. His past medical history and comorbidities were noncontributory. A multidisciplinary team of vascular surgeons and hematologists did not recommend any anticoagulation, given that the patient did not have any risk factors for thrombosis as well as normal D-dimer levels...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Limin Dou, Wenhua Yu
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are complex intracranial vascular malformations that may lead to hemorrhage. Although the precise mechanisms by which DAVFs occur remain unknown, dural angiogenesis may be a vital factor in its pathogenesis. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) significantly influences angiogenesis; however, the association between DAVF and Nrf2 remains unclear. Therefore, the present study investigated whether DAVF alters the expression of Nrf2 in an experimental animal model of DAVF...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Will S Lindquester, C Matthew Hawkins, Eric J Monroe, Anne E Gill, Giridhar M Shivaram, F Glen Seidel, Matthew P Lungren
BACKGROUND: Despite the demonstrated feasibility of the single-stick technique in the femoral vein, its use in neonates and infants for placing central lines in internal and external jugular veins has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: Describe and assess the safety and efficacy of tunneled jugular central venous catheter placement performed under ultrasound (US) and fluoroscopic guidance in neonates and infants weighing <5 kg using the single-stick technique at three tertiary pediatric hospitals...
November 2017: Pediatric Radiology
Junji Takiguchi, Hirokazu Sakamoto, Nobutaka Inoue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
Metin Yalaza, Mehmet Tolga Kafadar, Esra Yurduseven Çıvgın, Arife Polat Düzgün
External jugular vein thrombosis is a rare vascular event which may lead fatal complication such as sepsis and pulmonary embolism. Its relation to the visceral solid tumor as an etiologic factor has been established well. Although external jugular vein thrombosis may be seen in malignancy, it is unusual to see as a sign of breast cancer. Most of the external jugular vein thrombosis occurs secondary to compression of the vein. Vascular thrombosis due to hypercoagulability is known as Trousseau syndrome. Herein, we present a case of metastatic breast cancer which presented with external jugular vein thrombosis; Trousseau syndrome...
January 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
Jade M Hardy, Jennifer L Lansdowne, Carol A Himsel, Sean R Freer
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful surgical removal of a guide wire lost during central venous catheterization. CASE SUMMARY: A 28 kg, 4-year-old female neutered mixed breed dog presented to the primary care veterinarian with diabetic ketosis. During the process of central venous catheterization, the guide wire was accidently released and the entire length of the guide wire slipped into the jugular vein. Due to the absence of nearby interventional radiology facilities, surgical intervention was proposed...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Su Wan Kim, Jee Won Chang, Seogjae Lee
Venous aneurysms of the jugular vein are one of the rare causes of neck swelling, and primary venous aneurysms of the external jugular vein are extremely rare. A 46-year-old woman presented with a painless and suddenly growing mass in the left neck. A computed tomography angiography revealed a fusiform venous aneurysm of the external jugular vein containing intraluminal thrombus. We performed resection of the aneurysm and ligation of the external jugular vein. Removal of the aneurysm of the neck vein was necessary because venous aneurysms with thrombosis may lead to serious thrombotic complications such as pulmonary embolism...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
Khalil H Chamseddin, Melissa L Kirkwood
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare life-threatening condition characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis and is typically associated with a gram-negative infection with septic metastasis secondary to a retropharyngeal abscess that involves the vasculature of the head and neck. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in an 18-year-old female adolescent who developed an internal carotid artery occlusion and ipsilateral external carotid artery (ECA) mycotic aneurysm complicated by fulminant pseudomonal sepsis...
October 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Qiang Sun, Jun-fang Zhao, Zheng Fang, Hai-bin Wang, Ming-lei Sun
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effect and summarize the experience of vein anastomosis by microvascular anastomotic device in reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial defects. METHODS: From September 2014 to May 2015, twenty-one free flaps were used to repair oral and maxillofacial defects. During surgery, facial artery or supra thyroid artery were selected as feeding arteries, and external jugular vein or the branch of jugular vein was used as the recipient vein...
April 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Christi M Terry, Yuxia He, Alfred K Cheung
INTRODUCTION: Dysfunction of indwelling central venous catheters (CVC) due to tissue ingrowth or clotting is common. The study objective was to determine if the oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban (RIVA) improved CVC patency and inflammation in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polyurethane catheters (0.5cm length) were placed unilaterally into the external jugular vein (EJV) of mice, which subsequently underwent daily gavage with either vehicle or RIVA (5mg/kg). CVC patency, as assessed by B-mode and Doppler ultrasound, and hematocrit were measured at 3, 7, 14 or 21days (n=8-11 mice/group/time-point)...
August 2016: Thrombosis Research
Asela Rasika Bandara, Harith Wimalarathna, Ranjith Kalupahana, Sonali Sihindi Chapa Gunathilake
BACKGROUND: Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a rare vascular event with a potentially fatal outcome. Of the known etiologies, internal malignancies, either known or occult, are well described. Even though malignancies are known to present with internal jugular vein thrombosis, it rarely occurs due to prostate carcinoma. Many cases of jugular vein and superior vena cava thrombosis secondary to malignancies are due to metastatic compression of veins. Recurrent and unusual vascular thrombosis due to hypercoagulability associated with malignancies is also known as Trousseau's syndrome...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mohana Vamsy Chigurupati, Vidya Madiraju, Namrata Chigurupati, Pawan Gulabrao Shinkar, Snehalatha Dhagam, Vatturi Venkata Satya Prabhakar Rao
The authors report an extremely rare occurrence of a massive tumor thrombus involving right internal and external jugular veins extending into superior vena cava from a still rarer melanotic medullary carcinoma thyroid in the postoperative follow-up. The case was managed by hypofractionated intensity modulated radiotherapy technique with gratifying results.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
Mario F Scaglioni, Yur-Ren Kuo, Yen-Chou Chen
BACKGROUND: Venous anastomosis is challenging especially when encountering the thin recipient vein wall in the head and neck region. The authors developed the "rolled-up sleeve" technique to solve this scenario. METHODS: An animal study was performed to access the safety and reliability of the "rolled-up sleeve" technique. This technique was performed in 53 consecutive patients during head and neck reconstruction. RESULTS: In the animal study, all anastomoses were patent...
March 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
A V Maksimov, A K Feĭskhanov, É Sh Makarimov, L I Feĭskhanova
Presented herein are the results of treatment of 28 patients with stenosis/occlusion of central veins undergoing replacement therapy by means of programmed haemodialysis for terminal renal failure. The clinical symptomatology in all patients manifested itself by chronic lymphovenous insufficiency of the upper limb, dysfunction of the vascular access (14 patients, thrombosis of the vascular approach (5 patients), venous hypertension of the brain (4 patients). 17 patients had aneurysms of the vascular approach in the zone of puncture...
2015: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Christi M Terry, Ilya Zhuplatov, Yuxia He, Tze-Chein Wun, Seong-Eun Kim, Alfred K Cheung
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis arteriovenous synthetic grafts (AVG) provide high volumetric blood flow rates shortly after surgical placement. However, stenosis often develops at the vein-graft anastomosis contributing to thrombosis and early graft failure. Two novel fusion proteins, ANV-6L15 and TAP-ANV, inhibit the tissue factor/factor VIIa coagulation complex and the factor Xa/factor Va complex, respectively. Each inhibitor domain is fused to an annexin V domain that targets the inhibitor activity to sites of vascular injury to locally inhibit thrombosis...
2015: PloS One
Zakaria Hindi, Ehab Fadhel
BACKGROUND: Vein thrombosis is mainly determined by 3 factors, which constitute a triad called Virchow's triad: hypercoagulability, stasis, and endothelial injury. Venous thrombosis commonly occurs in the lower extremities since most of the blood resides there and flows against gravity. The veins of the lower extremities are dependent on intact valves and fully functional leg muscles. However, in case of valvular incompetency or muscular weakness, thrombosis and blood stasis will occur as a result...
2015: American Journal of Case Reports
Takashi Hirano, Taro Iwasaki, Keigo Fujita, Shinsuke Takeno, Masashi Suzuki
Preoperative chemoradiation therapy increases the risk of pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) after laryngectomy. In this report, we describe the use of a free jejunal patch flap and a deltopectoral flap for surgical treatment of a large PCF. A 52-year-old man underwent salvage laryngectomy and right neck dissection after concurrent radiotherapy for laryngeal carcinoma. On postoperative day 5, a pharyngeal fistula and neck abscess occurred with the right internal jugular vein thrombosis. We sutured the pharyngeal mucosa to the cervical skin to avoid carotid artery exposure, and we also ligated the right internal jugular vein...
January 2017: Microsurgery
Rui Li, Rui Zhang, Wei He, Yongming Qiao, Wenlu Li
PURPOSE: Microvascular anastomosis remains the most challenging and important technique affecting the success of free tissue transfers. A microvascular anastomotic coupling device is often used. This study is a retrospective review of the use of a venous coupler for head and neck reconstruction during a 2-year period at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (Zhengzhou, China). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutive cases of microvascular free flaps from December 2012 through December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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