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Dentistry, oral health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#1
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008634/a-comparison-of-two-models-of-dental-care-for-aboriginal-communities-in-new-south-wales
#2
Kylie Gwynne, Debbie McCowen, Sally Cripps, Michelle Lincoln, Michelle Irving, Anthony Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people, and particularly those in rural areas, continue to suffer very high levels of dental disease despite significant reductions in the wider Australian population in the past 30 years. Until recently, there has been a shortage of oral health clinicians and the majority have provided care in major cities. The NSW Government funded various models of care for rural and regional areas and vulnerable population groups including Aboriginal people. This study utilises a comparative retrospective analysis to compare two models of oral health care for Aboriginal people including those living in rural NSW to inform future policy decisions...
December 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003916/oral-rehabilitation-and-management-for-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-a-child
#3
Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Carla Nogueira, Marcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade, Andrea Graciene Lopez Ramos Valente, Patricia Nivoloni Tannure
The aim of this paper is to describe a rare case report of a pediatric patient with secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SSS). A 12-year-old female child was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, dry mouth, and tooth sensibility. The patient was submitted to orthodontic treatment prior to syndrome diagnosis. The clinical treatment consisted of the interruption of orthodontic treatment and restoring the oral condition with dental treatment and the use of artificial saliva in an innovative apparatus...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000645/assessment-of-satisfaction-levels-of-patients-during-dental-outreach-programs-in-rural-part-of-udaipur-india
#4
Nagesh Bhat, Arshdeep Singh, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Harkiran Kahlon, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Arpit A Viradiya
BACKGROUND: The community-based dental outreach programs play a very crucial role in declining discovery-delivery disconnect by introducing awareness through health education and dental adumbrating services to the community members. However, the success of any oral health programme depends largely on how it meets the needs and expectations of the target community. Therefore, the present study was designed for the assessment of patient satisfaction at various rural outreach dental camps conducted over a period of 2 months...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000279/esthetic-assessments-in-implant-dentistry-objective-and-subjective-criteria-for-clinicians-and-patients
#5
REVIEW
Jan Cosyn, Daniel S Thoma, Christoph H F Hämmerle, Hugo De Bruyn
In recent years the scientific community has shown a clear interest in the esthetic outcome of implant treatment. The present paper provides an overview of the esthetic ratings that have been used in implant dentistry. A distinction can be made between objective evaluations by clinicians and subjective evaluations by patients. The former mainly include: midfacial and interproximal soft-tissue levels; two-dimensional/three-dimensional soft-tissue alterations; assessment of the color match between the natural dentition, on the one hand, and the peri-implant tissues and the reconstruction, on the other hand; and ordinal indices, such as the pink and white esthetic score...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999493/economic-importance-of-the-preventive-measures-in-dentistry
#6
Emsudina Deljo, Zinaida Sijercic, Amina Mulaosmanovic, Alma Musanovic, Nedim Prses
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that the state of oral health in the area of Podrinje Canton is really poor. Taking into account that in the last five years are implemented two projects in the municipality it is necessary to examine the impact of preventive measures in dentistry on the oral health. THE RESEARCH GOALS ARE: a) To evaluate the impact of continuing education and local fluoridation on the state of oral health; b) To analyze the economic importance of preventive measures...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982244/comparison-of-face-to-face-interview-and-telephone-methods-of-administration-on-the-ecohis-scores
#7
Fernanda Ruffo Ortiz, Mariana Dantas Dos Santos, Tatiana Landenberger, Bruno Emmanuelli, Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
The aim of this study was to compare the administration of the Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire, applied by face-to-face and telephone format. A randomized sample of 76 parents/guardians of children up to 6 years old was selected in a Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil. Patients were randomly selected for 2 different groups, according to administration sequence: F-T (Face-to-face-Telephone) and T-F (Telephone-Face-to-face)...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981264/-preventive-dentistry-1-fluoride-toothpaste-the-cornerstone-of%C3%A2-caries-prevention
#8
C van Loveren
After the introduction of effective fluoride toothpastes in the 1970s oral health has improved significantly. Since that time, a lot of energy has gone into improving the toothpastes. An important improvement is the increased substantivity of fluoride and the increase in the duration of its effectiveness. In addition, attempts are currently being made to combine fluoride with effective re-mineralising systems, which is technically challenging. Due to a diversity of compositions, the effectiveness of toothpastes varies...
December 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965833/protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-of-a-self-help-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-resource-for-the-reduction-of-dental-anxiety-in-young-people
#9
Zoe Marshman, Annie Morgan, Jenny Porritt, Ekta Gupta, Sarah Baker, Cathy Creswell, Tim Newton, Katherine Stevens, Christopher Williams, Suneeta Prasad, Jennifer Kirby, Helen Rodd
BACKGROUND: Childhood dental anxiety is very common, with 10-20 % of children and young people reporting high levels of dental anxiety. It is distressing and has a negative impact on the quality of life of young people and their parents as well as being associated with poor oral health. Affected individuals may develop a lifelong reliance on general anaesthetic or sedation for necessary dental treatment thus requiring the support of specialist dental services. Children and young people with dental anxiety therefore require additional clinical time and can be costly to treat in the long term...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943545/exploratory-scoping-of-the-literature-on-factors-that-influence-oral-health-workforce-planning-and-management-in-developing-countries
#10
REVIEW
Rjm Knevel, M G Gussy, J Farmer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to scope the literature that exists about factors influencing oral health workforce planning and management in developing countries (DCs). METHODS: The Arksey and O'Malley method for conducting a scoping review was used. A replicable search strategy was applied, using three databases. Factors influencing oral health workforce planning and management in DCs identified in the eligible articles were charted. FINDINGS: Four thousand citations were identified; 41 papers were included for review...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938696/weak-evidence-hinders-the-understanding-of-the-benefits-of-periodontal-therapy-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-periodontitis
#11
Carolina Rodríguez-Medina, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Javier Enrique Botero
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Treatment of periodontal disease for glycaemic control in people with diabetes mellitus. Simpson TC, Weldon JC, Worthington HV, Needleman I, Wild SH, Moles DR, Stevenson B, Furness S, Iheozor-Ejiofor Z. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015;11:CD004714. SOURCE OF FUNDING: This project was supported by the NIHR, via Cochrane Infrastructure funding to the Cochrane Oral Health Group, School of Dentistry, University of Manchester (UK), Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre (UK), and the National Institute for Health Research (UK) TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938694/confidence-in-outcome-estimates-from-systematic-reviews-used-in-informed-consent
#12
Robert Fritz, Janet G Bauer, Sue S Spackman, Amanjyot K Bains, Jeanette Jetton-Rangel
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based dentistry now guides informed consent in which clinicians are obliged to provide patients with the most current, best evidence, or best estimates of outcomes, of regimens, therapies, treatments, procedures, materials, and equipment or devices when developing personal oral health care, treatment plans. Yet, clinicians require that the estimates provided from systematic reviews be verified to their validity, reliability, and contextualized as to performance competency so that clinicians may have confidence in explaining outcomes to patients in clinical practice...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#13
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893947/challenges-in-the-uptake-of-telemedicine-in-dentistry
#14
Mohamed Estai, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant, Stuart Bunt, Yogesan Kanagasingam
With the availability of oral care services very unevenly distributed in rural or remote areas, underserved people seek oral care from non-dental care providers. Against this backdrop, and coupled with the decreasing cost of and innovations in technology, there is a growing interest in the adoption of telemedicine services. Regardless of the lack of good-quality evidence supporting the cost-effectiveness of telemedicine, evidence already indicates that telemedicine, even with extra costs, helps in reducing the inequalities in the provision of primary health care...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#15
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891310/assessment-of-oral-health-attitudes-and-behavior-among-students-of-kuwait-university-health-sciences-center
#16
Dena A Ali
AIM: The aims of this study were to assess attitudes and behavior of oral health maintenance among students in four faculties (Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Allied Health) and to compare oral health attitudes and behavior of all students at Kuwait University Health Sciences Center (KUHSC) based on their academic level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students enrolled in the Faculties of Dentistry, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Allied Health at KUHSC were evaluated regarding their oral health attitudes and behavior by an e-mail invitation with a link to the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory survey that was sent to all 1802 students with Kuwait University Health Sciences Center e-mail addresses...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875052/the-role-of-academic-institutions-in-fostering-interprofessional-educational-models
#17
Romesh P Nalliah, Lisa A Thompson, Lee A Wellman, Brian J Swann
Dentistry is much broader than the conditions it treats. In 2014, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine convened a leadership forum, "Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is: The Economic Imperative of Oral Health." Based on the goals of that initiative to advocate for an integrated healthcare system, the authors have presented pertinent information from two major research projects and two major clinical programs, which, collectively, aim to bring oral health into primary care and raise the awareness of the connections between oral health and systemic health...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#18
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868346/older-people-s-description-of-factors-that-facilitate-and-impede-regular-dental-care-a-qualitative-interview-study
#19
C Derblom, M-L Hagman-Gustafsson, P Gabre
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to achieve an understanding of older people's view of the benefits of regular dental care and investigate factors that facilitate and impede regular dental care. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used. To gain a deeper understanding of the elderly people's views, individual interviews were conducted. Fifteen respondents, eleven women and four men aged between 65 and 95, participated, all recruited from senior social centres...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865802/improving-the-medical-curriculum-in-predoctoral-dental-education-recommendations-from-the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-committee-on-predoctoral-education-and-training
#20
Matthew J Dennis, Jeffrey D Bennett, Dean M DeLuke, Erik W Evans, John W Hudson, Anders Nattestad, Gregory M Ness, Allison Yeung
Dental procedures are often performed on patients who present with some level of medical fragility. In many dental schools, the exercise of taking a medical history is all too often a transcription of information to the dental chart, with little emphasis on the presurgical risk assessment and the development of a treatment plan appropriate to the medical status of the dental patient. Changes in dentistry, driven by an increasingly medically complex population of dental patients, combined with treatment advances rooted in the biomedical sciences necessitate the adaptation of our dental education to include a stronger background in systemic health...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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