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Dentistry, oral health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#1
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893947/challenges-in-the-uptake-of-telemedicine-in-dentistry
#2
Mohamed Estai, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant, Stuart Bunt, Yogesan Kanagasingam
With the availability of oral care services very unevenly distributed in rural or remote areas, underserved people seek oral care from non-dental care providers. Against this backdrop, and coupled with the decreasing cost of and innovations in technology, there is a growing interest in the adoption of telemedicine services. Regardless of the lack of good-quality evidence supporting the cost-effectiveness of telemedicine, evidence already indicates that telemedicine, even with extra costs, helps in reducing the inequalities in the provision of primary health care...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#3
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891310/assessment-of-oral-health-attitudes-and-behavior-among-students-of-kuwait-university-health-sciences-center
#4
Dena A Ali
AIM: The aims of this study were to assess attitudes and behavior of oral health maintenance among students in four faculties (Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Allied Health) and to compare oral health attitudes and behavior of all students at Kuwait University Health Sciences Center (KUHSC) based on their academic level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students enrolled in the Faculties of Dentistry, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Allied Health at KUHSC were evaluated regarding their oral health attitudes and behavior by an e-mail invitation with a link to the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory survey that was sent to all 1802 students with Kuwait University Health Sciences Center e-mail addresses...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875052/the-role-of-academic-institutions-in-fostering-interprofessional-educational-models
#5
Romesh P Nalliah, Lisa A Thompson, Lee A Wellman, Brian J Swann
Dentistry is much broader than the conditions it treats. In 2014, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine convened a leadership forum, "Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is: The Economic Imperative of Oral Health." Based on the goals of that initiative to advocate for an integrated healthcare system, the authors have presented pertinent information from two major research projects and two major clinical programs, which, collectively, aim to bring oral health into primary care and raise the awareness of the connections between oral health and systemic health...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#6
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868346/older-people-s-description-of-factors-that-facilitate-and-impede-regular-dental-care-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
C Derblom, M-L Hagman-Gustafsson, P Gabre
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to achieve an understanding of older people's view of the benefits of regular dental care and investigate factors that facilitate and impede regular dental care. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used. To gain a deeper understanding of the elderly people's views, individual interviews were conducted. Fifteen respondents, eleven women and four men aged between 65 and 95, participated, all recruited from senior social centres...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865802/improving-the-medical-curriculum-in-predoctoral-dental-education-recommendations-from-the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-committee-on-predoctoral-education-and-training
#8
Matthew J Dennis, Jeffrey D Bennett, Dean M DeLuke, Erik W Evans, John W Hudson, Anders Nattestad, Gregory M Ness, Allison Yeung
Dental procedures are often performed on patients who present with some level of medical fragility. In many dental schools, the exercise of taking a medical history is all too often a transcription of information to the dental chart, with little emphasis on the presurgical risk assessment and the development of a treatment plan appropriate to the medical status of the dental patient. Changes in dentistry, driven by an increasingly medically complex population of dental patients, combined with treatment advances rooted in the biomedical sciences necessitate the adaptation of our dental education to include a stronger background in systemic health...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857880/sbirt-based-interventions-to-improve-pediatric-oral-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-considerations-for-future-behavioral-sbirt-interventions-in-dentistry
#9
Josué Cuevas, Donald L Chi
Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children and is caused by poor oral health behaviors. These behaviors include high-sugar diet, inadequate exposure to topical fluorides, and irregular use of professional dental care services. A number of behavioral intervention approaches have been used to modify health behaviors. One example is the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, which has been widely used to reduce substance abuse in both adults and children. SBIRT is a promising behavior change approach that could similarly be used to address problematic oral health behaviors...
September 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843829/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-oral-health-care-in-prevention-of-early-childhood-caries-among-parents-of-children-in-belagavi-city-a-questionnaire-study
#10
H P Suma Sogi, Shivayogi M Hugar, Triveni Mohan Nalawade, Anjali Sinha, Shweta Hugar, Rachappa M Mallikarjuna
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge, attitude, and practices of "oral health care" in the prevention of early childhood caries (ECCs) among parents of children in Belagavi city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka. Institutional Ethical Clearance was obtained. The study was conducted during the month of April 2014 to October 2014 after taking prior informed consent from the 218 parents...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834439/general-health-and-oral-health-status-in-elderly-dental-patients-in-isparta-turkey
#11
E Bozdemir, H H Yilmaz, H Orhan
The aim of this study was to describe the oral health, general health status and medication use of elderly dental patients 709 voluntary patients, aged 60 years and over, who attended Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Dentistry for routine dental treatment between March 2008 and April 2009 in Isparta, Turkey, were interviewed for demographic data, systemic diseases, and lists of medications. The majority of the patients (84.4%) had poor oral hygiene according to the Oral Hygiene Index (OHI). The mean level of the study population's decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index score was 19...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822394/giant-cell-fibroma-in-a-two-year-old-child
#12
Anna Carolina Volpi Mello-Moura, Ana Maria Antunes Santos, Gabriela Azevedo Vasconcelos Cunha Bonini, Cristina Giovannetti Del Conte Zardetto, Cacio Moura-Netto, Marcia Turolla Wanderley
The giant cell fibroma is a benign nonneoplastic fibrous tumor of the oral mucosa. It occurs in the first three decades of life in the mandibular gingiva, predominantly, showing predilection for females. This article reports a case of giant cell fibroma in a 2-year-old girl, which is an uncommon age for this lesion. The patient was brought for treatment at the Research and Clinical Center of Dental Trauma in Primary Teeth, where practice for the Discipline of Pediatric Dentistry (Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Brazil) takes place...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803205/the-impact-of-an-infant-oral-health-program-on-dental-students-knowledge-and-attitudes
#13
Marcelle M Nascimento, Leda Mugayar, Scott L Tomar, Cynthia W Garvan, Frank A Catalanotto, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of early childhood caries and many general dentists' reluctance to treat young children and pregnant women demand new educational programs to foster delivery of oral health services. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an Infant Oral Health Program (IOHP) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry on dental students' knowledge about and willingness to provide dental care for infants, children up to three years of age, and pregnant women. A total of 233 dental students in the first through fourth years and recent graduates completed a survey that assessed the educational outcomes of the IOHP; only the fourth-year students had received IOHP training...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785410/investigation-of-the-n-terminal-coding-region-of-muc7-alterations-in-dentistry-students-with-and-without-caries
#14
L Koç Öztürk, A Yarat, S Akyuz, H Furuncuoglu, K Ulucan
Human low-molecular weight salivary mucin (MUC7) is a small, secreted glycoprotein coded by MUC7. In the oral cavity, they inhibit the colonization of oral bacteria, including cariogenic ones, by masking their surface adhesions, thus helping saliva to avoid dental caries. The N-terminal domain is important for low-molecular weight (MG2) mucins to contact with oral microorganisms. In this study, we aimed to identify the N-terminal coding region of the MUC7 gene between individuals with and without caries. Forty-four healthy dental students were enrolled in this study; 24 of them were classified to have caries [decayed, missing, filled-teeth (DMFT) = 5...
July 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770768/phage-therapy-a-new-horizon-in-the-antibacterial-treatment-of-oral-pathogens
#15
Mor Shlezinger, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Grégory Resch, Yok-Ai Que, Shaul Beyth, Elisheva Dorfman, Ronen Hazan, Nurit Beyth
Dental diseases are perhaps the most prevalent infection-related diseases in humans. Biofilm is involved in almost every infectious disease compromising oral health, notably caries, periodontal disease, gingivitis, endodontic infections and peri-implantitis. Current therapies of biofilm-derived oral infections lack sensitivity; they are not species-specific and kill pathogenic species as well as commensal species, which are protective against the formation of pathogenic biofilms. Moreover, antibiotics have a limited effect on biofilm and are almost unused in oral diseases...
September 30, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767131/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-6-poland
#16
K Malkiewicz, E Malkiewicz, K A Eaton, E Widström
Poland is one of the largest European countries in terms of area and population. The country's economic situation does not allow for the allocation of sufficient public funds for healthcare in general and oral healthcare in particular. The health policy of the state focuses primarily on prophylaxis and treatment of diseases, directly threatening the health and lives of the inhabitants. Currently, expenditure on oral health accounts for only 2.7% of the public funds allocated to healthcare. In this context, providing oral care financed from public funds at an appropriate level constitutes a challenge for state institutions, centres providing medical and dental services and private practices...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767108/a-systematic-appraisal-of-the-evidence-based-dentistry-journal
#17
Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763425/american-indian-and-alaska-native-access-to-oral-health-care-a-potential-solution
#18
Terrence S Batliner
: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) experience significant health disparities relative to the general U.S. POPULATION: In particular, oral diseases affect the majority of the AI/AN population and their prevalence is significantly greater than observed in other demographic sectors of the U.S. POPULATION: The reasons for these disparities are multiple but lack of access to dental care is clearly a contributing factor. The dentist-to-population ratio in many AI/AN communities is less than half the U...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753064/a-global-probe-into-dental-student-perceptions-about-philanthropy-global-dentistry-and-international-student-exchanges
#19
Chris S Ivanoff, Krassimira Yaneva, Diana Luan, Bogomil Andonov, Reena R Kumar, Anirudha Agnihotry, Athena E Ivanoff, Dimitrios Emmanouil, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Filip Koneski, Ilijana Muratovska, Huda A Al-Shehri, Sara M Al-Taweel, Michele Daly
BACKGROUND: Training culturally competent graduates who can practice effectively in a multicultural environment is a goal of contemporary dental education. The Global Oral Health Initiative is a network of dental schools seeking to promote global dentistry as a component of cultural competency training. OBJECTIVE: Before initiating international student exchanges, a survey was conducted to assess students' awareness of global dentistry and interest in cross-national clerkships...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748505/withdrawn-dental-fillings-for-the-treatment-of-caries-in-the-primary-dentition
#20
REVIEW
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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