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Dentistry, oral health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#1
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213011/the-prevalence-of-occupational-health-related-problems-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Rajeshree Moodley, J M Van Wyk, Saloshni Naidoo
The study was conducted to report on the scope and prevalence of occupational health related-problems experienced by dentists, dental therapists, and oral hygienists in their practice of dentistry. BACKGROUND: Professional practice and dental training have many risk factors, and the dental team should be able to recognize these factors to protect themselves. The prevalence of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, stress, percutaneous injuries, ears, and eyes are of concern...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207708/in-vitro-anti-cariogenic-plaque-effects-of-essential-oils-extracted-from-culinary-herbs
#3
Kornsit Wiwattanarattanabut, Suwan Choonharuangdej, Theerathavaj Srithavaj
Introduction: Cariogenic bacteria including mutans streptococci and lactobacilli are partly but significantly involved in dental caries development. An effective prevention strategy against dental caries is to decrease the accumulation of this microbiota either in planktonic or in biofilm form. Aim: To examine the antimicrobial and anti-plaque effects of some culinary herbs (spices), so the herbs are plausibly used as alternative and effective herbal plaque control supplements to promote good oral health...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197439/halitosis-assessment-and-changes-in-volatile-sulfur-compounds-after-chewing-gum-a-study-performed-on-dentistry-students
#4
Mayra Schemel-Suárez, Eduardo Chimenos-Küstner, Albert Estrugo-Devesa, Enric Jané-Salas, José López-López
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of halitosis (with subjective and objective methods), evaluate the immediate effect of chewing gum on volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs), assess the perception of halitosis by dentistry students, and estimate the distribution of positive and negative frequencies, when comparing objective and subjective methods for the diagnosis of halitosis. METHODS: The study was performed on a sample of dentistry students attending the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at the University of Barcelona...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196327/oral-health-care-quality-measurement-and-its-role-in-dental-education
#5
Ronald J Hunt, Diptee Ojha
Concerns about health care quality have affected much of the health care delivery system including dentistry and dental education. Believing measurement is the key element in improving quality, the Dental Quality Alliance brought together major stakeholders in oral health care to lead the development of oral health performance measures that can be used to evaluate the performance of dental programs and practices. These measures complement the quality assurance measures dental schools use to ensure compliance with accreditation standards on patient care delivery...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192686/evidence-summary-the-relationship-between-oral-health-and-dementia
#6
B Daly, A Thompsell, J Sharpling, Y M Rooney, L Hillman, K L Wanyonyi, S White, J E Gallagher
This is the fourth and final paper of a series of reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions, in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policy makers. This review aimed to explore the most contemporary evidence on whether poor oral health and dementia occurs in the same individuals or populations, to outline the nature of the relationship between these two health outcomes and to discuss the implication of any findings for health services and future research...
December 1, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189038/effect-of-personality-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-undergraduates
#7
Feiou Lin, Yanling Ye, Shengjia Ye, Lan Wang, Wulong Du, Linjie Yao, Jing Guo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of personality traits and other variables on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of Chinese undergraduates aged 17 to 24 years with no history of orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 443 undergraduate students aged 17 to 24 years were selected and completed a two-section questionnaire: the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale Chinese version and the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 Chinese version (OHIP-14)...
November 30, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182953/the-use-of-laser-doppler-flowmetry-to-evaluate-oral-soft-tissue-blood-flow-in-humans-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Ayepa Alain Kouadio, Fabienne Jordana, N'goran Justin Koffi, Pierre Le Bars, Assem Soueidan
The objective of this work is to define the conditions for improving the use of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and to determine the limits for the use of this technique. This article systematically reviews the literature on the evaluation of oral soft tissue blood microcirculation by LDF. We analysed the available literature through October 2016 using the database resources Medline/PubMed, the Cochrane Oral Health Group Specialist Trials Register and the ISI Web of Knowledge. Several points emerged from this literature review The use of LDF involves specific constraints; however, the influence of different factors (temperature, tobacco, pressure etc...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157276/impact-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-ohrqol-in-an-obese-population-a-randomised-control-trial
#9
Samara S Basher, R Saub, R D Vaithilingam, S H Safii, Aqil M Daher, F H Al-Bayaty, N A Baharuddin
BACKGROUND: Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) is an important measure of disease and intervention outcomes. Chronic periodontitis (CP) is an inflammatory condition that is associated with obesity and adversely affects OHRQoL. Obese patients with CP incur a double burden of disease. In this article we aimed to explore the effect of Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy (NSPT) on OHRQoL among obese participants with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomised control clinical trial at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya...
November 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118279/measuring-the-impact-of-cultural-competence-training-for-dental-hygiene-students
#10
Heather N Daugherty, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the change in levels of knowledge of providing culturally competent care and self-assessed cultural competence of senior level dental hygiene students after the implementation of an online cultural competence training module.Methods: Twenty-eight members of the senior class of 31 dental hygiene students (N=28) volunteered to participate in this IRB approved study at the Ohio State University School of Dentistry. The students took the online Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence- Student Version (IAPCC-SV), to assess their self-perceived cultural competence...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099363/the-effects-of-oral-health-on-systemic-health
#11
Shawn F Kane
The oral cavity is the intersection of medicine and dentistry and the window into the general health of a patient. Hundreds of diseases and medications impact the oral cavity, and pathologic conditions in the mouth have a greater systemic impact than many providers appreciate. It is unclear whether there is true causality or just an association between periodontal disease and certain other systemic conditions, including atherosclerotic vascular disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes, pregnancy-related complications, osteoporosis, and kidney disease...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097796/development-of-a-managed-clinical-network-in-oral-medicine
#12
J Montgomery-Cranny, M Edmondson, J Reid, S Eapen-Simon, A M Hegarty, A J Mighell
Oral medicine is concerned with the oral health care of patients with chronic, recurrent and medically related disorders of the oral and maxillofacial region, and with their diagnosis and non-surgical management. For historical reasons care for conditions falling within the scope of oral medicine practice has been inconsistent with limited planning of clinical services. Managed Clinical Networks (MCNs) bring advantages to all stakeholders with a positive impact on patient pathways and access to equitable and quality care across a network of providers working in a coordinated way to make best use of NHS resources...
December 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097795/cochrane-and-the-comet-initiative-developing-the-evidence-base-in-oral-medicine
#13
J Taylor, T Walsh, H Worthington, P Brocklehurst, M N Pemberton, A M Glenny
All clinicians in medicine and dentistry aim to deliver evidence-based practice; however, it is widely recognised that the current evidence base for interventions in oral medicine, as with many other specialties, is of a low quality. The highest level of evidence is considered to be the systematic review and meta-analysis. The Cochrane Collaboration and the Cochrane Oral Health group produce high quality systematic reviews, however, despite the large number of trials carried out for treatments in oral medicine, the results are often not able to be utilised to guide clinical care due to the various methodological limitations of the trials including the heterogeneity of outcome measures used...
November 3, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093145/dental-dental-hygiene-and-advanced-dental-students-use-knowledge-and-beliefs-regarding-tobacco-products
#14
Jenni A Shearston, Krina Shah, Eric Cheng, Rizvan Moosvi, Su Hyun Park, Naiya Patel, Andrew I Spielman, Michael L Weitzman
Using cigarettes and alternative tobacco products (ATPs) is associated with negative oral health outcomes, and dental health professionals are poised to help patients quit. The aim of this study was to determine dental, dental hygiene, and advanced dental students' use, knowledge, and beliefs about cigarettes and ATPs, including perceptions about their education in tobacco dependence treatment and counseling experience. All 1,783 students enrolled in the dental, dental hygiene, and postdoctoral dental programs at the New York University College of Dentistry were invited to participate in the survey in 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074902/holistic-care-should-be-coming-your-way
#15
N Wilson
In this Opinion article, Nairn Wilson argues that interprofessional, holistic healthcare provision greatly enhances general health and wellbeing. For dentistry-oral healthcare provision to realise its potential in whole patient care, it must be integral to developments in holistic healthcare provision.
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070162/pediatric-dentists-attitudes-perceptions-and-experience-with-the-affordable-care-act
#16
Scott B Schwartz, Jessica Y Lee, Paul S Casamassimo, Paul Reggiardo, Robin Wright, C Scott Litch
PURPOSE: Pediatric oral health benefits were designated as one of 10 Essential Health Benefits (EHB) in the Affordable Care Act. Although it provided coverage for many children, several issues prevent its success. The purpose of this study was to document experience with, attitudes toward, and perceptions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) among pediatric dentists. METHODS: The study was conducted using a survey consisting of nine multiple choice questions and one open-ended item and was distributed electronically in November 2015 to active and life members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054831/web-based-information-on-the-treatment-of-tobacco-dependence-for-oral-health-professionals-analysis-of-english-written-websites
#17
Márcio Diniz-Freitas, Angel Insua, Ross Keat, Jean Christophe Fricain, Sylvain Catros, Luis Monteiro, Luis Silva, Giovanni Lodi, Alberto Pispero, Rui Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Studies have been conducted on the content and quality of Web-based information for patients who are interested in smoking cessation advice and for health care practitioners regarding the content of e-learning programs about tobacco cessation. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no such information about the quality of Web-based learning resources regarding smoking cessation dedicated to oral health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the quality of the content of webpages providing information about smoking cessation for oral health care professionals...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044309/influence-of-dentistry-professionals-and-oral-health-assistance-protocols-on-intensive-care-unit-nursing-staff-a-survey-study
#18
Davi Francisco Casa Blum, Jéssica Munaretto, Fernando Martins Baeder, Jussara Gomez, Cristine Pilati Pileggi Castro, Álvaro Della Bona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043975/-preventive-and-therapeutic-advantages-of-sugar-free-chewing-gums-in-orthodontics-a-study-conducted-on-practitioners-and-patients
#19
Pauline Ferney, François Clauss, Damien Offner, Delphine Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the level of knowledge in a cohort of oral health professionals and patients about preventive and therapeutic actions of sugar-free chewing gums. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A forward-looking monocentric study of perception regarding the level of information about the effects of sugar-free chewing gums consumption was conducted on 135 young patients, from 11 to 17 years old, carriers of fixed orthodontic appliances and treated in the Department of Orthodontics in the Oral Medicine and Surgery Center of the University Hospitals of Strasbourg...
September 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042716/effectiveness-of-behavioral-vaccine-on-the-oral-health-of-children-in-komarapalayam-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#20
N Umamaheswari, Sharath Asokan, S Thangakumaran
BACKGROUND: Oral health education and promotion have emerged as a strong force against the traditional, dominant, and curative model of health practice. In pediatric dentistry, the utilization of an entertaining, easy to understand, and practical educational material is warranted. Behavioral vaccine is a simple, scientifically proven practice that is repeated to increase well-being. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of conventional (instructional) dental hygiene program and "Good Behavior Game" (GBG) (contingency dental hygiene program - a behavioral vaccine) on the practice of oral hygiene among 5-7-year-old schoolchildren...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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