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Dentistry, oral health

Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Websites of scientific societies of dental traumatology, paediatric dentistry, endodontics, oral-maxillofacial surgery and World Health Organization and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were searched. There were no language restrictions, but the search was limited to the years 1996-2016.Study selectionObservational studies reporting proportions of individuals with at least one TDI (prevalence) and who developed TDI (incidence rate) were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Mitchell N Sarkies, Jennifer White, Kate Henderson, Romi Haas, John Bowles
QUESTION: Are additional weekend allied health services effective and cost-effective for acute general medical and surgical wards, and subacute rehabilitation hospital wards? DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published between January 2000 and May 2017. Two reviewers independently screened studies for inclusion, extracted data, and assessed methodological quality. Meta-analyses were conducted for relative measures of effect estimates. PARTICIPANTS: Patients admitted to acute general medical and surgical wards, and subacute rehabilitation wards...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Vivek Shetty, John Yamamoto, Kenneth Yale
The convergent forces of rising costs, growing consumerism, expensive new treatments, sociodemographic shifts and increasing health disparities are exerting intense and unsustainable pressures on healthcare systems. As with the other health domains, these disruptive forces demand new approaches and delivery models for oral healthcare. Technological innovations and practices borrowed from the e-commerce and tech sectors could facilitate the move to a sustainable 21st century oral healthcare system, one that delivers high-quality, value-based care to wider groups of patients...
July 2018: Journal of Dentistry
A Abukaraky, A-A Hamdan, M-N Ameera, M Nasief, Y Hassona
BACKGROUND: Patients search YouTube for health-care information. PURPOSE: To examine what YouTube offers patients seeking information on dental implants, and to evaluate the quality of provided information. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of YouTube for videos containing information on dental implants was performed using the key words "Dental implant" and "Tooth replacement". Videos were examined by two senior Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery residents who were trained and calibrated to perform the search...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A Garrocho-Rangel, L Manríquez-Olmos, J Flores-Velázquez, M-A Rosales-Berber, R Martínez-Rider, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis (CS) is a complex condition consisting of the early fusion of one or more cranial sutures in the intrauterine stage. The affected infant exhibits abnormal head shape at time of birth or shortly thereafter. It can be observed in normal individuals (non-syndromic CS or NSCS) or as a part of a multisystem syndrome. The purposes of the present article were to carry out a scoping review on Non-Syndromic CS and to discuss the most important findings retrieved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The steps of this scoping review were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M Idrees, M Nassani, O Kujan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to test the association between the unstimulated whole salivary flow rate (UWSFR) and the oral health status represented by dental and gingival status among healthy adult subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This work was a cross-sectional study of patients attending the undergraduate dental clinics at AlFarabi College for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study population consisted of 502 systemically healthy adults aged 18-35 years...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Flavio Halak de Oliveira Campos, Lorraine Braga Ferreira, Marcelo Munhoes Romano, Maria Stella Moreira, Carlos de Paula Eduardo, Karen Müller Ramalho
Given the growing trend towards medical indications for continuous use of anticoagulants, the number of patients on these medications continues to rise. The management of patients on oral anticoagulants requiring oral surgical procedures has aroused much controversy. Changes in an anticoagulation regimen are associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism. However, it seems logical and advantageous for the patients' health if surgery could be performed without any change to the anticoagulation therapy...
June 7, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Robert Nadeau, Kristopher Hasstedt, Ashley Brooke Sunstrum, Chad Wagner, Harold Tu
Prescription opioid medications continue to be abused on an epidemic level and have been shown to be a "gateway" drug to heroin abuse. Individuals experimenting with opioids commonly fall in the 10- to 19-year age range in which dentists are the highest prescribers. To reduce the number of excess opioids, the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Minnesota, developed and implemented an evidence-based opioid prescribing policy. Data were collected via electronic health record for the previous year and compared with the year following the protocol implementation...
June 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Sami El Toum, Antoine Cassia, Nermine Bouchi, Issam Kassab
Background: Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions in a sample of Lebanese population attending the School of Dentistry of Lebanese University is necessary to evaluate their oral health situation. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions of patients attending the School of Dentistry. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out by retrospectively examining a total of 231 medical and clinical examination record files of patients, attending the School of Dentistry Lebanese University for multidisciplinary dental treatments...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Shunsuke Minakuchi, Kazuhiro Tsuga, Kazunori Ikebe, Takayuki Ueda, Fumiyo Tamura, Kan Nagao, Junichi Furuya, Koichiro Matsuo, Ken Yamamoto, Manabu Kanazawa, Yutaka Watanabe, Hirohiko Hirano, Takeshi Kikutani, Kaoru Sakurai
BACKGROUND: There is growing international interest in identifying the effects of ageing on oral health and on appropriate strategies for managing oral disorders. The Japanese Society of Gerodontology (JSG), as the official representative of researchers and clinicians interested in geriatric dentistry in Japan, makes several recommendations on the concept of "oral hypofunction." AIMS: This study proposes diagnostic criteria and management strategies to reduce the risk of oral hypofunction among older people...
June 8, 2018: Gerodontology
Niekla Survia Andiesta, Maimunah A Hamid, Kkc Lee, Allan Pau
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly 4000 children in Malaysia were referred to hospital pediatric dental services due to dental caries. Recent research has reported the effectiveness of dental home visits in preventing caries development in young children. Dental home visits (DHVs) are described as an ongoing relationship between the dentist and their patients, providing all aspects of a preventive oral health care program in the presence of the parents at home. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of dental home visits and oral health information, in the form of educational leaflets, in preventing new caries development in young children, compared to those receiving only educational leaflets over a period of two years...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Sean Stone, Michelle Quirke, M Sara Lowe
With the increased emphasis on evidence based practice, developing information literacy skills earlier in health care education programmes is widely accepted. However finding opportunities for relevant teaching can present challenges, often leading to a lack of integration. In this paper, guest writers Sean Stone and colleagues from Indiana University discuss their involvement with an expanded dental hygiene curriculum in the University School of Dentistry. This expansion has provided the opportunity to plan integration of information and oral health literacy instruction and evidence based practice across the new curriculum, and provide transferable skills for any major...
June 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
Hawazin W Elani, Lisa Simon, Shenam Ticku, Paul A Bain, Jane Barrow, Christine A Riedy
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a systematic review of the literature to assess the impact of dental treatment on overall health care costs for patients with chronic health conditions and patients who were pregnant. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched multiple databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source from the earliest date available through May 2017. Two reviewers conducted the initial screening of all retrieved titles and abstracts, read the full text of the eligible studies, and conducted data extraction and quality assessment of included studies...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
John P Morgan, Moses Isyagi, Joseph Ntaganira, Agnes Gatarayiha, Sarah E Pagni, Tamar C Roomian, Matthew Finkelman, Jane E M Steffensen, Jane R Barrow, Chrispinus H Mumena, Donna M Hackley
BACKGROUND: Oral health affects quality of life and is linked to overall health. Enhanced oral health research is needed in low- and middle-income countries to develop strategies that reduce the burden of oral disease, improve oral health and inform oral health workforce and infrastructure development decisions. OBJECTIVE: To implement the first National Oral Health Survey of Rwanda to assess the oral disease burden and inform oral health promotion strategies. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sample size and site selection were based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Oral Health Surveys Pathfinder stratified cluster methodologies...
2018: Global Health Action
Donna M Hackley, Chrispinus H Mumena, Agnes Gatarayiha, Corrado Cancedda, Jane R Barrow
Harvard School of Dental Medicine, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, and the University of Rwanda (UR) are collaborating to create Rwanda's first School of Dentistry as part of the Human Resources for Health (HRH) Rwanda initiative that aims to strengthen the health care system of Rwanda. The HRH oral health team developed three management tools to measure progress in systems-strengthening efforts: 1) the road map is an operations plan for the entire dental school and facilitates delivery of the curriculum and management of human and material resources; 2) each HRH U...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
N Attard, A Schembri, C Caruana, A-M Agius, M L Gainza-Cirauqui
INTRODUCTION: Many societies have observed a steady increase of many older adults living longer due to advancements in health and standard of living. The dental team requires specialised training in gerodontology to better prepare for the future needs of the elderly patients. It is the aim of this study to report the undergraduate students' activities and perspectives on their work experience in a geriatric residence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online questionnaire on the theoretical and practical aspects of training was sent to students in dentistry and dental hygiene (DH) undergraduate courses...
May 28, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Lukas B Seifert, Sebastian H Hoefer, Swantje Flammiger, Miriam Rüsseler, Florian Thieringer, Michael Ehrenfeld, Robert Sader
PURPOSE: To investigate the current status of undergraduate training in oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgery in Germany using a nationwide survey and hence contribute to an educational improvement in the field. METHODS: A 39-item questionnaire was sent to all university clinics with an OMF surgery chair in Germany (n = 34). RESULTS: Ninety-two percent of OMF clinics are involved in the curricular training in medicine and 100% in dentistry...
May 24, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Ágnes Bán, Zsolt Ferenc Németh, Adrienn Szauter, Szilvia Soós, Márta Balaskó
INTRODUCTION: Chronic parodontitis is a prevalent oral disease that may lead to the loss of teeth independently of caries. Some systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure) may aggravate chronic parodontitis. On the other hand, this oral disease may aggravate other systemic diseases. Earlier studies suggested a correlation between chronic parodontitis and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIM: The aim of our study was the investigation of the correlation between chronic parodontitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Hong Kong, as a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China, is a metropolitan city in Asia with a population of approximately 7.4 million. This paper reflects the oral health care situation in Hong Kong. Water fluoridation was introduced in 1961 as the primary strategy for the prevention of dental caries. The fluoride level is currently 0.5 parts per million. Dental care is mainly provided by private dentists. The government’s dentists primarily serve civil servants and their dependents, with limited emergency dental service for pain relief offered to the general public...
May 11, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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