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Dentistry, oral health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670734/evolution-of-oral-health-in-oral-cancer-patients-with-and-without-dental-treatment-in-place-before-during-and-after-cancer-treatment
#1
Jesus Nuñez-Aguilar, Ana Fernández-Olavarría, Luis-Guillermo Oliveros-López, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Maria-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Jose-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez
Background: This study aims to evaluate the influence of two dental treatment protocols, outpatient non-regulated treatment versus supervised hospital treatment, on the oral health of patients undergoing oral cancer (only radiochemotherapy treatment, not surgical) treatment. Material and Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental approach justified on ethical grounds. A total of 41 patients were included in the control group (outpatient non-regulated treatment) and 40 patients in the experimental group (in-hospital supervised treatment)...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670726/decayed-missing-and-restored-teeth-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#2
Reinhard E Friedrich, Anika Reul
Background: NF1 is a relatively frequently occurring autosomal dominant inherited disease. There are conflicting reports about oral health status in NF1. The aim of this study was to analyze the dental status of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Material and Methods: Radiographs of 179 patients with NF1 were analyzed for decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) in a cross-sectional, retrospective study. The results were compared to age- and sex-matched controls of individuals not affected by NF1...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#3
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628171/-run-through-training-at-specialist-training-year-1-and-uncoupled-core-surgical-training-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-in-the-united-kingdom-a-snapshot-survey
#4
M Garg, J Collyer, D Dhariwal
Training in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) in the UK has undergone considerable changes during the last 10years, and "core" surgical training has replaced "basic" surgical training. In 2014 a pilot "run-through" training programme from specialist training year one (ST1)-ST7 was introduced to facilitate early entry into the speciality. Run-through training guarantees that a trainee, after a single competitive selection process and satisfactory progress, will be given training that covers the entire curriculum of the speciality, whereas uncoupled training requires a second stage of competitive recruitment after the first one (for OMFS only) or two years of "core" training to progress to higher specialty training...
April 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617686/trend-analysis-of-studies-on-water-fluoridation-related-to-dental-caries-in-pubmed
#5
Hyo-Jung Oh, Hyeon-Mi Choi, Chonghyuck Kim, Jae-Gyu Jeon
Water fluoridation has been cited as one of the top 10 public health achievements of the 20th century. Herein, we analyzed water fluoridation articles related to dental caries published in PubMed between 1950 and 2016 using informetrics and linguistic methods to investigate trends in the studies. To this aim, queries such as "dental caries and (water fluoridation or fluoridated water)," "dental caries and (fluoride or fluoridation)," and "dental caries" were submitted to PubMed to retrieve information about articles on water fluoridation within the area of dental caries and fluoride - their titles, abstracts, publication dates, author affiliations, and publication journals...
April 4, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610626/knowledge-and-awareness-of-medical-practitioners-of-jazan-city-towards-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-as-a-specialty
#6
Fareedi Mukram Ali, Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Sultan Mohammed Namis, Asma Ali Hezam, Salma Abdu Swaid, Anas Esam Alomar
BACKGROUND: In many health services communities the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) as a discipline is frequently not probably understood. Good awareness towards OMFS among different branches of health services providers is essential for better referral strategies and will be for the benefit of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was done using a specially prepared questionnaire distributed randomly to 125 general medical practitioners working in Jazan province...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608864/structural-determinants-and-children-s-oral-health-a-cross-national-study
#7
S R Baker, L Foster Page, W M Thomson, T Broomhead, K Bekes, P E Benson, F Aguilar-Diaz, L Do, C Hirsch, Z Marshman, C McGrath, A Mohamed, P G Robinson, J Traebert, B Turton, B J Gibson
Much research on children's oral health has focused on proximal determinants at the expense of distal (upstream) factors. Yet, such upstream factors-the so-called structural determinants of health-play a crucial role. Children's lives, and in turn their health, are shaped by politics, economic forces, and social and public policies. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between children's clinical (number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth) and self-reported oral health (oral health-related quality of life) and 4 key structural determinants (governance, macroeconomic policy, public policy, and social policy) as outlined in the World Health Organization's Commission for Social Determinants of Health framework...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#8
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606688/building-capacity-in-the-sikh-asian-indian-community-to-lead-participatory-oral-health-projects
#9
Rucha Kavathe, Nadia Islam, Jennifer Zanowiak, Laura Wyatt, Hardayal Singh, Mary E Northridge
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to oral health care is a significant burden for disadvantaged populations, yet rarely draws the attention of policymakers or community leaders. OBJECTIVES: To understand how UNITED SIKHS identified oral health care as a priority need through its involvement in community-based participatory research (CBPR) initiatives and local data collection, thereby building its capacity to lead participatory oral health projects. METHODS: The foundation for the partnership between UNITED SIKHS and the New York University (NYU) Prevention Research Center (PRC) was the joint implementation of a CBPR project to prevent diabetes in the Sikh Asian Indian community...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606656/engaging-oral-health-students-in-learning-basic-science-through-assessment-that-weaves-in-personal-experience
#10
Delyse Leadbeatter, Jinlong Gao
Learning basic science forms an essential foundation for oral health therapy and dentistry, but frequently students perceive it as difficult, dry, and disconnected from clinical practice. This perception is encouraged by assessment methods that reward fact memorization, such as objective examinations. This study evaluated use of a learner-centered assessment portfolio designed to increase student engagement with basic science in an oral health therapy program at the University of Sydney, Australia. The aim of this qualitative study based on focus groups was to investigate students' engagement with basic science courses following introduction of the portfolio...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606653/a-national-survey-of-u-s-dental-students-experiences-with-international-service-trips
#11
R Frederick Lambert, Chloe A Wong, Karl F Woodmansey, Brianna Rowland, Steven O Horne, Brittany Seymour
Globalization, along with the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and poor oral health, demands global approaches to oral health care. Trained health care workers' providing volunteer services abroad is one model used for improving access to dental services for some communities. Currently, little is known about U.S. dental student involvement in international clinical service volunteerism. The aim of this exploratory study was to capture national survey data from predoctoral dental students about their interest in and experience with global health service trips...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603252/integrative-and-collaborative-care-models-between-pediatric-oral-health-and-primary-care-providers-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#12
Tylor L Gauger, Lisa A Prosser, Margherita Fontana, Peter J Polverini
OBJECTIVES: Collaborative and/or integrative care between oral health and primary care providers can increase access to care to a more expansive population, helping to mitigate oral health related disease. The objective of this review was to present and evaluate different types of care models that exist between oral health and primary care providers in pediatric settings. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using five databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source, Cochrane Database, and EMBASE, to identify literature from January 1990 to January 2016...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578417/relationship-between-general-health-oral-health-and-healthy-lifestyle-in-elderly-population-review
#13
S Puturidze, M Margvelashvili, L Bilder, M Kalandadze, V Margvelashvili
This literature review aims to investigate how a poor oral health impacts on general health and healthy lifestyle of elderly people. The literature review was performed using ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed databases to identify relevant published studies. The year of publication was limited to over the past 5 years and the language was limited to English. Having considered the relevant articles' abstracts the 36 articles were selected. Systematical literature revision shows that recently, the older population has increased worldwide and it is being predicted to keep growing in near future...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574814/extractions-to-reconstruction-the-development-of-oral-maxillofacial-surgery-in-australian-and-new-zealand
#14
A N Goss, R Linn
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery developed initially from Dentistry as exodontia. It then expanded into the surgical management of jaw disorders. As the specialty evolved, it came into increasing conflict with related surgical disciplines. In the 1960s and 1970s these external criticisms were well-founded as training in oral surgery was individual, solely University-based and highly variable. In the 1980s the speciality developed a plan which involved hospital-based surgical training, a mandatory high level college surgical examination and detailed workforce and training studies...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566048/competency-model-for-dentists-in-china-results-of-a-delphi-study
#15
Yunxia Geng, Liying Zhao, Yu Wang, Yiyuan Jiang, Kai Meng, Dongxiang Zheng
OBJECTIVE: With the increasing awareness of the importance of oral health, patients have an increasing need for integrated care from dentists. In China, the dentistry examination consists of two parts: a practical skills examination and a comprehensive medical examination; to date, no assessment methods that are based on specialized dentistry competencies, unlike the United States, Canada, and other countries, have been established. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to construct a competency model for dentists in China in order to guide the development, admission, training and assessment of dentists...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563435/meth-mouth-a-growing-epidemic-in-dentistry
#16
Andreas Pabst, Juan Carlos Castillo-Duque, Axel Mayer, Marcus Klinghuber, Richard Werkmeister
In the past two decades, the synthetic style and fashion drug "crystal meth" ("crystal", "meth"), chemically representing the crystalline form of the methamphetamine hydrochloride, has become more and more popular in the United States, in Eastern Europe, and just recently in Central and Western Europe. "Meth" is cheap, easy to synthesize and to market, and has an extremely high potential for abuse and dependence. As a strong sympathomimetic, "meth" has the potency to switch off hunger, fatigue and, pain while simultaneously increasing physical and mental performance...
October 30, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556466/nanoparticles-used-in-dentistry-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Subhashree Priyadarsini, Sumit Mukherjee, Monalisa Mishra
Nanotechnology is widely used in our day to day life including its use in medicine. Using nanotechnology, it is easy to analyze and manipulate atoms, chemical bonds and molecules present between various compounds. Nanotechnology is used in the dental field as nano dentistry. While choosing the nanoparticle for the use in the field of nano dentistry its chemical, physical, along with the biological aspect of nanostructures are taken into account. Often various atoms or molecules are added to form the functional structure...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547685/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-for-chilean-population
#18
Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Luis Luengo-Machucaa
OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (REALD-30) for the Chilean population. METHODS: REALD-30 was translated to Spanish, piloted, and revised by experts. Demographics, oral health status, oral health-related quality of life, and health literacy were analyzed. Summary measures, internal consistency, reliability, and convergent and predictive validity were calculated. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha was 0...
March 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540669/common-dental-diseases-in-children-and-malocclusion
#19
Jing Zou, Mingmei Meng, Clarice S Law, Yale Rao, Xuedong Zhou
Malocclusion is a worldwide dental problem that influences the affected individuals to varying degrees. Many factors contribute to the anomaly in dentition, including hereditary and environmental aspects. Dental caries, pulpal and periapical lesions, dental trauma, abnormality of development, and oral habits are most common dental diseases in children that strongly relate to malocclusion. Management of oral health in the early childhood stage is carried out in clinic work of pediatric dentistry to minimize the unwanted effect of these diseases on dentition...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496809/teaching-dental-students-about-incarceration-and-correctional-dentistry-results-from-a-national-survey
#20
Fiorella Candamo, Matthew Tobey, Lisa Simon
People who are incarcerated or have a history of incarceration have high rates of dental disease, but access to dental treatment is often a challenge during and after incarceration. Dental students' exposure to this population is unknown: no data exist regarding the number of schools that provide didactic and clinical training in correctional dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of instruction in correctional dentistry and clinical opportunities at correctional facilities for dental students in the U...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
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