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Dentistry, oral health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417862/nanomaterials-in-dentistry-a-cornerstone-or-a-black-box
#1
Rafał Pokrowiecki, Krzysztof Pałka, Agnieszka Mielczarek
AIM: The studies on tooth structure provided basis for nanotechnology-based dental treatment approaches known as nanodentistry which aims at detection and treatment of oral pathologies, such as dental caries and periodontal diseases, insufficiently being treated by conventional materials or drugs. This review aims at defining the role of nanodentistry in the medical area, its potential and hazards. MATERIALS & METHODS: To validate these issues, current literature on nanomaterials for dental applications was critically reviewed...
February 8, 2018: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412367/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-with-oral-clefts-and-their-families
#2
Gabriela Mendonça Rando, Paula Karine Jorge, Luciana Lourenço Ribeiro Vitor, Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara, Simone Soares, Thiago Cruvinel Silva, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Maria Beatriz Gavião, Thais Marchini Oliveira
Oral health problems can influence people's Quality of Life (QoL) because of pain, discomfort, limitations, and other esthetics problems, affecting their social life, feeding, daily activities, and the individual's well-being. To compare oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with and without oral clefts and their families. 121 children aged from 2 to 6 years, from both sexes, enrolled in the treatment routine of the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of a Dental School and a Hospital for Cleft Treatment were divided into two groups: Group 1 - children with cleft lip and palate; Group 2 - children without cleft lip and palate...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395012/understanding-patients-oral-health-information-needs-findings-of-a-survey-on-use-of-patient-portals-in-dentistry
#3
Neel Shimpi, Kelsey Schwei, Sara Cooper, Po-Huang Chyou, Amit Acharya
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement through web-based patient health portals (PHP) can offer important benefits to patients and provider organizations by improving both quality and access to care. The authors studied the most relevant, patient-identified, oral health information available in the PHP to inform their assessment of patient-centered care. METHODS: The authors distributed a 17-question, paper-based survey to patients aged 18 through 80 years in the waiting rooms of 8 dental centers in Wisconsin...
January 22, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391605/the-knowledge-mobilisation-challenge-does-producing-evidence-lead-to-its-adoption-within-dentistry
#4
T L Goodwin, P R Brocklehurst, L Williams
The transfer of evidence into clinical practice is the ultimate aim of those engaged in health research. But is this a process that occurs naturally? Can health researchers take it for granted that the evidence they produce will be embraced by clinicians and incorporated into their everyday practice? In this article, we use the example of oral healthcare in dependent older people and the issue of antibiotic prescribing by GDPs to illustrate the fact that successful knowledge transfer between researchers and practitioners cannot be automatically assumed...
February 2, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389333/targeted-cancer-therapies-oral-health-care-implications
#5
Eleni Georgakopoulou, Justin Stebbing, Crispian Scully
BACKGROUND: Targeted treatments have been incorporated into oncology protocols, often with more traditional therapies, and are not totally free of adverse reactions, some of which affect the orofacial region. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the US Food and Drug Administration Approved Drug Products database to identify reported adverse effects of targeted agents in the orofacial region as well as other implications in oral health care...
February 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380620/parental-oral-health-literacy-of-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries-in-hong-kong
#6
S Hiu Fong Lai, M Kok Wun Wong, H Ming Wong, C Kar Yung Yiu
AIM: To assess the parental oral health literacy of children with severe early childhood caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 315 children diagnosed with severe early childhood caries, and their parents were recruited to participate in the study. A clinical examination was conducted to assess the children's oral health status. Their parents were asked to complete a Hong Kong Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Paediatric Dentistry (HKOHLAT-P) questionnaire...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369545/illness-perceptions-amongst-individuals-with-dental-caries
#7
A C Mafla, F H Villalobos-Galvis, M W Heft
OBJECTIVE: To assess individuals' perception of dental caries, in order to explain how illness representations might influence their coping with the disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS: 520 consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) of the General Dentistry Clinic at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto, Colombia who had experienced dental caries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Illness perception of dental caries was assessed using the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R)...
November 23, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358432/longitudinal-impact-of-interprofessional-education-on-attitudes-skills-and-career-trajectories-a-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-new-zealand
#8
Ben Darlow, Melanie Brown, Peter Gallagher, Lesley Gray, Eileen McKinlay, Gordon Purdie, Christine Wilson, Sue Pullon
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional practice is recognised as an important element of safe and effective healthcare. However, few studies exist that evaluate how preregistration education contributes to interprofessional competencies, and how these competencies develop throughout the early years of a health professional's career. This quasiexperimental study will gather longitudinal data during students' last year of preregistration training and their first 3 years of professional practice to evaluate the ongoing development of interprofessional competencies and the influence that preregistration education including an explicit interprofessional education (IPE) programme may have on these...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#9
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#10
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316548/determinants-of-dental-care-attendance-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#11
Juliana Schaia Rocha, Letícia Yumi Arima, Renata Iani Werneck, Samuel Jorge Moysés, Márcia Helena Baldani
Despite the fact that dental care attendance during pregnancy has been recommended by guidelines and institutions, the demand for dental services is still low among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the determinants of dental care attendance during pregnancy. We performed a systematic literature search in the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Medline using relevant keywords...
January 10, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297940/oral-mucosa-lesions-and-gingival-bleeding-can-indicate-the-progression-of-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-two-to-18-years
#12
Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Ewa Krasuska-Sławińska, Dariusz Gozdowski, Wojciech Kowalczyk, Joanna Pawłowska
AIM: This study assessed correlations between systemic disturbances of paediatric chronic liver diseases (CLD) and oral symptoms in subjects aged 2-18 years. METHODS: It was carried out during outpatient appointments at the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland, from 2010-2015 and comprised 52 CLD patients with a mean age of 12.3 ±4.6. We also recruited 54 generally healthy controls with a mean age of 12.0 ±3.7 from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry at the Medical University of Warsaw...
January 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296109/preventive-orientation-of-iraqi-dentists-in-baghdad-in-2016
#13
Fatin Abd Alsttar Aledhari, Katayoun Sargeran, Mahdia Gholami, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the preventive orientation of Iraqi dentists in terms of their "knowledge" and "attitude" towards caries prevention and to explore their "preventive practice". Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 159 dentists who worked in Baghdad during the summer of 2016. The questionnaires obtained information on variables such as knowledge and attitude towards preventive dentistry, preventive practice and demographic variables and were distributed during the official working time...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288521/indigenous-cultural-competence-a-dental-faculty-curriculum-review
#14
C Forsyth, M Irving, M Tennant, S Short, J Gilroy
BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians have more than double the rate of poor oral health than their non-Indigenous counterparts. Cultural competence of dental and oral health practitioners is fundamental to health care and quality of life in addressing health disparities in minority cultural groups in Australia. Higher education curricula reviews have identified the need for institutions to incorporate Indigenous culture and knowledge more widely into the curricula to improve educational outcomes for Indigenous Australians and to increase cultural competence for all students...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285475/impact-of-oral-health-education-on-oral-health-knowledge-of-private-school-children-in-riyadh-city-saudi-arabia
#15
Abdulrahman Dahham Al Saffan, Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Abdul Aziz Alshammary, Mansour Assery, Ashraf Kamel, Ghousia Rahman
Aims and Objectives: To assess the early effect of oral health education on oral health knowledge of primary and intermediate school students of private schools by utilizing pre/post questionnaires data from oral health educational projects in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. Second, to examine topic-specific knowledge differences between genders, nationalities, and educational levels of the students. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional oral health educational data of private school students (n = 1279) in primary and intermediate levels were extracted from the King Salman Centre for Children's Health (KSCCH) projects undertaken by Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282168/oral-health-literacy-as-a-predictor-of-dental-anxiety-in-parents-of-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#16
Jéssica Copetti Barasuol, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, José Vitor Nogara Borges Menezes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between parents' dental anxiety (DA) and independent variables. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight dyads of parents and six- to 12-year-old children who were undergoing treatment at a university pediatric dentistry clinic were recruited. Two examiners evaluated parents' DA and oral health literacy (OHL) using the Brazilian version of Corah's dental anxiety scale and the Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30), respectively...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279682/dental-prosthetic-status-and-prosthetic-needs-of-geriatric-patients-attending-the-college-of-dentistry-al-jouf-university-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Bader K AlZarea
Objective: To evaluate the dental prosthetic status and prosthetic needs of geriatric patients attending the College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Patients aged 60 years and above were included in this study. The World Health Organization oral health assessment pro forma was employed to record the data pertaining to the prosthetic status and prosthetic treatment needs of participants. Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA) Version 20...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260760/-gender-related-preferences-in-the-choice-of-methods-for-aesthetic-and-functional-rehabilitation-in-dentistry
#18
E G Margaryan, Yu O Paramonov
The aim of the study was to assess gender-related preferences in the choice of oral rehabilitation methods. The study involved 225 patients aged 16-75. The analysis included patients survey and the assessment of actual procedures received during one year follow-up. The study revealed women to be more attentive to oral health issues resulting in more regular appointments and better compliance. Dental treatment before planned pregnancy was, however, completed in only half of the patients. When choosing materials and constructions for oral rehabilitation the leading criteria for men were 'quality' and 'safety', while women chose 'esthetics' and 'quality'...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259950/the-impact-of-a-preventive-dentistry-programme-on-oral-health-a-pilot-study
#19
Anna Nadaždyová, Dagmara Sirotňaková, Martin Samohýl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259064/bleeding-risk-in-patients-using-oral-anticoagulants-submitted-to-surgical-procedures-in-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Caio Chaves Guimaraes, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of patients undergoing oral surgical procedures using anticoagulants raises concerns regarding the risk of bleeding. Bleeding rates in those patients during or after oral surgical procedures are uncertain. The aim of this study will be to determine the bleeding rate during and after oral surgeries in patients using anticoagulants. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review will be conducted and if appropriate, a meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials evaluating the bleeding risk during and after oral surgical procedures in patients using anticoagulants were selected...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
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