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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737809/hybrid-density-functional-theory-modeling-of-ca-zn-and-al-ion-batteries-using-the-chevrel-phase-mo6s8-cathode
#1
Taylor R Juran, Manuel Smeu
Hybrid density functional theory (DFT) is used to study the Chevrel phase Mo6X8 (X = S, Se, Te) as a promising cathode material intercalated with various metal ions (M = Li, Na, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Zn, Al). Electronic properties and voltages are calculated for each case. Ca ions are predicted to produce a voltage output ranging from 1.8-2.1 V, comparable to the voltage calculated for Li ions while providing two electrons per transferred ion. The highest voltage is determined to result when the chalcogen X in Mo6X8 is S, over Se or Te...
July 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730460/impact-of-safety-warnings-on-domperidone-prescribing-in-ireland
#2
M Teeling, M J MacAvin, K Bennett
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the impact of the 2014 safety warnings on use of domperidone, on subsequent prescribing patterns in Ireland. METHODS: The Irish HSE-PCRS pharmacy claims database was used to identify the study cohort (aged 18+), prescribed domperidone from Jan 2014 to Oct 2015. Dosage was available for each claim; concomitant prescription with the following drug classes was identified and calculated as a percentage of the total number of claims: anti-arrhythmics, macrolide antimicrobials and the selective serotonin receptor inhibitors (SSRIs) citalopram and escitalopram...
July 20, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726789/predominant-area-of-brain-lesions-in-neonates-with-herpes-simplex-encephalitis
#3
H Kidokoro, L S de Vries, C Ogawa, Y Ito, A Ohno, F Groenendaal, S Saitoh, A Okumura, Y Ito, J Natsume
OBJECTIVE: Nonspecific manifestations and a varied distribution of brain lesions can delay the diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) in neonates. The aim of this study was to report predominant brain lesions in neonatal HSE, and then to investigate the association between pattern of predominant brain lesions, clinical variables and neurodevelopmental outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter retrospective study was performed in neonates diagnosed with HSE between 2009 and 2014...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718935/correlation-functional-in-screened-exchange-density-functional-theory-procedures
#4
Bun Chan, Yukio Kawashima, Kimihiko Hirao
In the present study, we have explored several prospects for the further development of screened-exchange density functional theory (SX-DFT) procedures. Using the performance of HSE06 as our measure, we find that the use of alternative correlation functionals (as oppose to PBEc in HSE06) also yields adequate results for a diverse set of thermochemical properties. We have further examined the performance of new SX-DFT procedures (termed HSEB-type methods) that comprise the HSEx exchange and a (near-optimal) reparametrized B97c (cOS,0  = cSS,0  = 1, cOS,1  = -1...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706094/ventilatory-function-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-lifelong-non-smokers-evidence-from-large-british-cohort-studies
#5
Ramyani P Gupta, David P Strachan
BACKGROUND: Reduced ventilatory function is an established predictor of all-cause mortality in general population cohorts. We sought to verify this in lifelong non-smokers, among whom confounding by active smoking can be excluded, and investigate associations with circulatory and cancer deaths. METHODS: In UK Biobank, among 149 343 white never-smokers aged 40-69 years at entry, 2401 deaths occurred over a mean of 6.5-year follow-up. In the Health Surveys for England (HSE) 1995, 1996, 2001 and Scottish Health Surveys (SHS) 1998 and 2003 combined, there were 500 deaths among 6579 white never-smokers aged 40-69 years at entry, followed for a mean of 13...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693588/cxcl11-production-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-distinguishes-herpes-simplex-meningitis-from-herpes-simplex-encephalitis
#6
Liza Lind, Marie Studahl, Linn Persson Berg, Kristina Eriksson
BACKGROUND: The closely related herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 can cause inflammations of the central nervous system (CNS), where type 1 most often manifest as encephalitis (HSE), and type 2 as meningitis (HSM). HSE is associated with severe neurological complications, while HSM is benign in adults. We proposed that studying the chemokine and cytokine production in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum could indicate why two closely related viruses exhibit different severity of their accompanied CNS inflammation...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665091/potential-impact-of-cycle-of-care-on-diabetes-services-in-secondary-care
#7
J Finnegan, P McGing, M Hatunic
Diabetes Cycle of Care is a new initiative recently introduced by the Health Service Executive (HSE). In this review we found that a quarter of patients attending a secondary care diabetes outpatient clinic in a large teaching hospital could potentially be managed in primary care upon implementation of Diabetes Cycle of Care.
April 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645309/herpes-simplex-virus-1-infects-the-olfactory-bulb-shortly-following-ocular-infection-and-exhibits-a-long-term-inflammatory-profile-in-the-form-of-effector-and-hsv-1-specific-t-cells
#8
Chandra M Menendez, Daniel J J Carr
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection can result in a life-threatening condition known as herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). Trafficking patterns by which the virus reaches the central nervous system (CNS) following ocular infection are unresolved. We evaluated early viral dissemination pathways following ocular infection that involve trafficking to the olfactory bulb (OB). Additionally, we have characterized the capacity of HSV-1 to establish latency within OB tissue and profiled the local T lymphocyte response over the course of the acute infection into latency...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637937/herpes-simplex-encephalitis-presenting-as-stroke-like-symptoms-with-atypical-mri-findings-and-lacking-cerebrospinal-fluid-pleocytosis
#9
Shintaro Tsuboguchi, Takahiro Wakasugi, Yoshitaka Umeda, Maiko Umeda, Mutsuo Oyake, Nobuya Fujita
A 73-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of right hemiparesis and was diagnosed as having cerebral infarction on the basis of diffusion-weighted brain MRI, which demonstrated lesions in the left parietal cortex. On the 3rd day, the patient developed right upper limb myoclonus, aphasia, and disturbance of consciousness with high fever. On the 6th day, she was transferred to our hospital with suspected viral encephalitis, and treatment with acyclovir was started. By the 6th day, the lesions detected by MRI had expanded to the gyrus cinguli, insula and thalamus, but not to the temporal lobe...
June 21, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621972/warm-dense-matter-demonstrating-non-drude-conductivity-from-observations-of-nonlinear-plasmon-damping
#10
B B L Witte, L B Fletcher, E Galtier, E Gamboa, H J Lee, U Zastrau, R Redmer, S H Glenzer, P Sperling
We present simulations using finite-temperature density-functional-theory molecular dynamics to calculate the dynamic electrical conductivity in warm dense aluminum. The comparison between exchange-correlation functionals in the Perdew-Burke-Enzerhof and Heyd-Scuseria-Enzerhof (HSE) approximation indicates evident differences in the density of states and the dc conductivity. The HSE calculations show excellent agreement with experimental Linac Coherent Light Source x-ray plasmon scattering spectra revealing plasmon damping below the widely used random phase approximation...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592492/heterogeneous-nuclear-ribonucleoprotein-k-inhibits-heat-shock-induced-transcriptional-activity-of-heat-shock-factor-1
#11
Hee-Jung Kim, Jae-Jin Lee, Jin-Hwan Cho, Jaeho Jeong, A Young Park, Wonmo Kang, Kong-Joo Lee
When cells are exposed to heat shock and various other stresses, heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is activated and the heat shock response (HSR) is elicited. To better understand the molecular regulation of the HSR, we used 2D-PAGE based proteome analysis to screen for heat shock-induced posttranslationally modified cellular proteins. Our analysis revealed that two protein spots typically present on 2D-PAGE gels and containing heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K) with trioxidized Cys132 disappeared after the heat shock treatment and reappeared during recovery, but the total amount of hnRNP K protein remained unchanged...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566621/dual-protective-effects-of-flavonoids-from-petasites-japonicus-against-uvb-induced-apoptosis-mediated-via-hsf-1-activated-heat-shock-proteins-and-nrf2-activated-heme-oxygenase-1-pathways
#12
Ki Mo Kim, A-Rang Im, Sanghyun Lee, Sungwook Chae
The leaves of Petasites japonicus are used for their anti-allergic properties in traditional Korean, Japanese, and Chinese medicine. This study aimed to identify bioactive compounds isolated from P. japonicus leaves. All compounds were assessed for their ability of transcriptional activation, induction of phase 2 enzymes and heat shock proteins (HSPs), as well as protection against the UVB-induced apoptotic cell death. Bioactive compounds were isolated from P. japonicus leaves. All compounds were evaluated for their protective effect using human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) and human epidermal keratinocyte cells (HEKC) treated with UVB radiation...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540627/a-template-for-reducing-ophthalmology-outpatient-waiting-times-community-ophthalmic-care
#13
R K Goetz, F E Hughes, E S Duignan, E C O'Neill, P P Connell, T P Fulcher, M P Treacy
BACKGROUND: Through an Irish Health Service Executive (HSE) initiative to tackle excessive hospital outpatient waiting times, 996 patients referred to the Ophthalmology Outpatient Department (OPD) of the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital (MMUH), Eccles Street, Dublin 7, Ireland, were outsourced to a community medical eye clinic (CMEC) for consultation with specialist-registered ophthalmologists. AIMS: The study aims to determine if patients referred as routine to the OPD department could be managed in a community setting...
May 24, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514720/new-application-for-haplotype-specific-extraction-separation-of-mitochondrial-dna-mixtures
#14
J Zander, J Rothe, J Dapprich, M Nagy
A particularly challenging aspect of forensic casework is the accurate interpretation of samples that contain DNA from more than one contributor, since DNA analysis of specific identification markers often results in ambiguous mixed profiles. Physically separating the various haploid components of a diploid or polyploid DNA sample or of a specimen containing DNA from multiple individuals can resolve this problem. We adapted and combined previously developed methods of haplotype-specific extraction (HSE) to separate and analyze mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in samples containing DNA from two individuals...
July 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502175/london-dispersion-enables-the-shortest-intermolecular-hydrocarbon-h%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-h-contact
#15
Sören Rösel, Henrik Quanz, Christian Logemann, Jonathan Becker, Estelle Mossou, Laura Cañadillas-Delgado, Eike Caldeweyher, Stefan Grimme, Peter R Schreiner
Neutron diffraction of tri(3,5-tert-butylphenyl)methane at 20 K reveals an intermolecular C-H···H-C distance of only 1.566(5) Å, which is the shortest reported to date. The compound crystallizes as a C3-symmetric dimer in an unusual head-to-head fashion. Quantum chemical computations of the solid state at the HSE-3c level of theory reproduce the structure and the close contact well (1.555 Å at 0 K) and emphasize the significance of packing effects; the gas-phase dimer structure at the same level shows a 1...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497369/co-enzyme-q10-and-acetyl-salicylic-acid-enhance-hsp70-expression-in-primary-chicken-myocardial-cells-to-protect-the-cells-during-heat-stress
#16
Jiao Xu, Shu Tang, Bin Yin, Jiarui Sun, Erbao Song, Endong Bao
We investigated the effects of co-enzyme Q10 (Q10) and acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) on expression of Hsp70 in the protection of primary chicken myocardial cells during heat stress. Western blot analysis showed that Q10 and ASA accelerated the induction of Hsp70 when chicken myocardial cells were exposed to hyperthermia. In the absence of heat stress, however, neither Q10 nor ASA are able to upregulate Hsp70 expression. Analysis of enzymes that respond to cellular damage and pathological examination revealed that ectopic expression of ASA and Q10 alleviate cellular damage during heat stress...
May 11, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474118/genome-wide-analysis-identifies-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-heat-stress-transcription-factors-hsfs-responsive-to-heat-stress-at-the-pod-development-stage
#17
Parameswaran Chidambaranathan, Prasanth Tej Kumar Jagannadham, Viswanathan Satheesh, Deshika Kohli, Santosh Halasabala Basavarajappa, Bharadwaj Chellapilla, Jitendra Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Jain, R Srinivasan
The heat stress transcription factors (Hsfs) play a prominent role in thermotolerance and eliciting the heat stress response in plants. Identification and expression analysis of Hsfs gene family members in chickpea would provide valuable information on heat stress responsive Hsfs. A genome-wide analysis of Hsfs gene family resulted in the identification of 22 Hsf genes in chickpea in both desi and kabuli genome. Phylogenetic analysis distinctly separated 12 A, 9 B, and 1 C class Hsfs, respectively. An analysis of cis-regulatory elements in the upstream region of the genes identified many stress responsive elements such as heat stress elements (HSE), abscisic acid responsive element (ABRE) etc...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471862/t-cell-responses-to-hsv-1-in-persons-who-have-survived-childhood-herpes-simplex-encephalitis
#18
Mariliis Ott, Lichen Jing, Lazaro Lorenzo, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Shen-Ying Zhang, David M Koelle
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) after primary herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 infection can occur in children due to inborn errors of cell-intrinsic immunity in the central nervous system. Paradoxically, symptomatic mucocutaneous HSV-1 recurrences are rare survivors of childhood HSE. T-cell-acquired immunity is thought to be involved in control of recurrent mucocutaneous HSV infection. We thus tested HSV-1-specific immunity in HSE survivors. METHODS: We obtained serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from participants a median of 13...
August 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458823/herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-encephalitis-in-an-adolescent-presenting-with-acute-hydrocephalus
#19
Marios S Themistocleous, Elias Antoniades, Dimitrios Giakoumettis, Aristoteles V Kalyvas, Andreas Mitsios, George Sfakianos
Herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1) is a human neurotropic virus causing encephalitis, corneal blindness or several peripheral nervous system disorders. Herpes Simplex encephalitis (HSE) is the most devastating clinical syndrome with severe morbidity and mortality. Hydrocephalus associated with viral meningoencephalitis is an extremely rare entity with only few documented cases, predominantly due to HSV-2 infection. HSV-1 infection of central nervous system present in the majority of the cases as encephalitis...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450685/acyclovir-resistant-acute-herpes-simplex-encephalitis-associated-with-acute-retinal-necrosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Haruchika Ogura, Jiro Fukae, Satoshi Kimura, Mikiko Aoki, Kazuki Nabeshima, Yoshio Tsuboi
A 55-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for investigation of high fever, decreased consciousness and bilateral visual impairment. His cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed pleocytosis of mononuclear cells and an increased protein concentration. FLAIR images revealed multiple high-intensity lesions in the frontal lobe, part of which was enhanced with gadolinium. Despite initiating treatment with acyclovir and corticosteroids, his consciousness and visual acuity deteriorated. Immunopathological examination of brain biopsies showed numerous herpes simplex virus type 2-positive neurons and macrophages, leading to a diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE)...
April 28, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
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