keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

y-family polymerase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914563/differential-effects-of-testosterone-and-estradiol-on-clitoral-function-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#1
Paolo Comeglio, Ilaria Cellai, Sandra Filippi, Chiara Corno, Francesca Corcetto, Annamaria Morelli, Elena Maneschi, Elisa Maseroli, Edoardo Mannucci, Massimiliano Fambrini, Mario Maggi, Linda Vignozzi
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual response is a complex phenomenon in which psychological, neurologic, and vascular mechanisms and hormonal factors interact. During the arousal phase, they cooperate to increase genital blood flow, thus inducing engorgement of the clitoris and lubrication of the vagina. Regulation of vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle tone is the crucial event in the erectile process. Preclinical studies have suggested that nitric oxide (NO) is the main vasodilator neurotransmitter modulating, through the second messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), clitoral flow vessels...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914036/prolactin-regulatory-element-binding-protein-is-involved-in-suppression-of-the-adiponectin-gene-in-vivo
#2
X Z Zhang, H Imachi, J Y Lyu, K Fukunaga, S Sato, T Ibata, T Kobayashi, T Yoshimoto, F Kikuchi, T Dong, K Murao
PURPOSE: Prolactin regulatory element-binding protein (PREB), a member of the WD-repeat protein family, has been recognized as a transcriptional factor that regulates prolactin promoter activity in the anterior pituitary of rats. PREB is expressed not only in the pituitary but also in various other tissues, including the adipose tissue. Previous studies have shown that PREB acts as a transcriptional regulator and suppresses the expression of the adiponectin gene in cultured 3T3L1 preadipocytes...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898817/genome-wide-identification-of-the-ap2-erf-gene-family-involved-in-active-constituent-biosynthesis-in
#3
A J Ji, H M Luo, Z C Xu, X Zhang, Y J Zhu, B S Liao, H Yao, J Y Song, S L Chen
Tanshinones and phenolic acids are the major bioactive constituents in the traditional medicinal crop ; however, transcription factors (TFs) are seldom investigated with regard to their regulation of the biosynthesis of these compounds. Here a complete overview of the APETALA2/ethylene-responsive factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factor family in is provided, including phylogeny, gene structure, conserved motifs, and gene expression profiles of different organs (root, stem, leaf, flower) and root tissues (periderm, phloem, xylem)...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894903/structural-basis-of-accurate-replication-beyond-a-bulky-major-benzo-a-pyrene-adduct-by-human-dna-polymerase-kappa
#4
Vikash Jha, Hong Ling
Human Y-family DNA polymerase kappa (polκ) is specialized to bypass bulky lesions in DNA in an error-free way, thus protecting cells from carcinogenic bulky DNA adducts. Benzo[a]pyrene (BP) is one of the most ubiquitous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and an environmental carcinogen. BP covalently modifies DNA and generates mutagenic, bulky adducts. The major BP adduct formed in cells is 10S (+)-trans-anti-BP-N(2)-dG adduct (BP-dG), which is associated with cancer. The molecular mechanism of how polκ replicates BP-dG accurately is not clear...
November 19, 2016: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871341/functional-analysis-of-a-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-transcription-factor-in-the-immune-defense-of-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis-hendel-diptera-tephritidae
#5
Z Shi, H Liang, Y Hou
Although some novel antimicrobial peptides (AMP) have been successfully isolated from Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel, the mechanisms underlying the induction of these peptides are still elusive. The homolog of NF-κB transcription factor Relish, designated as BdRelish, was cloned from B. dorsalis. The full length cDNA of BdRelish is 3954 bp with an open reading frame that encodes 1013 amino acids. Similar to Drosophila Relish and the mammalian p100, it is a compound protein containing a conserved Rel homology domain, an IPT (Ig-like, plexins, transcription factors) domain and an IκB-like domain (four ankyrin repeats), the nuclear localization signal RKRRR is also detected at the residues 449-453, suggesting that it has homology to Relish and it is a member of the Rel family of transcription activator proteins...
November 22, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862447/minor-groove-3-deaza-adenosine-analogs-synthesis-and-bypass-in-translesion-dna-synthesis
#6
Stefano Malvezzi, Todor Angelov, Shana Jocette Sturla
Anticancer drugs that alkylate DNA in the minor groove may give rise to 3-alkyl-adenosine adducts that interfere with replication, inducing apoptosis in rapidly dividing cancer cells. However, translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) by polymerase enzymes (Pols) with the capacity to bypass DNA adducts may contribute to damage tolerance and drug resistance. 3-Alkyl-adenosine adducts are unstable and depurinate, a barrier to addressing chemical and enzymatic aspects of how they impact the progress of DNA Pols. To characterize structure-based relationships of 3-adenine alkylation relevant to cancer drugs on duplex stability and DNA Pol-catalyzed DNA synthesis, we synthesized stable 3-deaza-3-alkyl-adenosine adducts, including 3-deaza-3-phenethyl-adenosine and 3-deaza-3-methoxynaphthylethyl-adenosine, and incorporated them into oligonucleotides...
November 10, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845261/ddit3-suppresses-the-differentiation-of-mouse-chondroprogenitor-cells
#7
Miao Yu, Si-Qi Yi, Yan-Ru Wu, Hua-Ling Sun, Fang-Fang Song, Jia-Wei Wang
Endochondral ossification is an essential skeletal development process which is strongly linked to chondrocyte differentiation. DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 (Ddit3), a member of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein family of transcription factors, is highly expressed in the cartilage plate. However, the role of DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 in chondrocyte differentiation remains to be investigated. Immunofluorescent staining was used to detect Ddit3 expression in the mouse growth plate and in the mouse chondroprogenitor cell line ATDC5...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829007/novel-gene-expression-profile-of-women-with-intrinsic-skin-youthfulness-by-whole-transcriptome-sequencing
#8
Jin Xu, Robert C Spitale, Linna Guan, Ryan A Flynn, Eduardo A Torre, Rui Li, Inbar Raber, Kun Qu, Dale Kern, Helen E Knaggs, Howard Y Chang, Anne Lynn S Chang
While much is known about genes that promote aging, little is known about genes that protect against or prevent aging, particularly in human skin. The main objective of this study was to perform an unbiased, whole transcriptome search for genes that associate with intrinsic skin youthfulness. To accomplish this, healthy women (n = 122) of European descent, ages 18-89 years with Fitzpatrick skin type I/II were examined for facial skin aging parameters and clinical covariates, including smoking and ultraviolet exposure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808390/characterization-and-comparison-of-flower-bud-micrornas-from-yellow-horn-species
#9
Y Ao
An increasing number of microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to play crucial regulatory roles in floral organ differentiation and development. Yellow-horn (Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge) is an oil-rich seed shrub that has great potential for biodiesel production. To evaluate the roles of miRNAs in the regulation of flower development, we used high-throughput sequencing to characterize them from flower buds of double-flower yellow-horn mutant and wild-type plants. Approximately 33 million raw reads were obtained through Solexa sequencing of two small RNA libraries, and the conserved and novel miRNA locations were annotated...
October 6, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808368/association-between-polymorphisms-in-the-promoter-region-of-pri-mir-34b-c-and-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
L L Chen, Y Shen, J B Zhang, S Wang, T Jiang, M Q Zheng, Z J Zheng, C X Chen
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. MicroRNA-34 (miR-34) gene plays a key role in altering the apoptotic cycle and pathways of downstream cells, and therefore influences carcinogenesis. In this case-control study, we assessed the role of the pri-miR-34b/c rs4938723 polymorphism in HCC risk. The pri-miR-34b/c polymorphic genotype was determined in 286 patients with HCC and 572 controls using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The male gender (X(2) = 12...
October 5, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783675/dna-polymerase-%C3%AE%C2%BA-is-a-key-cellular-factor-for-the-formation-of-covalently-closed-circular-dna-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#11
Yonghe Qi, Zhenchao Gao, Guangwei Xu, Bo Peng, Chenxuan Liu, Huan Yan, Qiyan Yao, Guoliang Sun, Yang Liu, Dingbin Tang, Zilin Song, Wenhui He, Yinyan Sun, Ju-Tao Guo, Wenhui Li
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection of hepatocytes begins by binding to its cellular receptor sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), followed by the internalization of viral nucleocapsid into the cytoplasm. The viral relaxed circular (rc) DNA genome in nucleocapsid is transported into the nucleus and converted into covalently closed circular (ccc) DNA to serve as a viral persistence reservoir that is refractory to current antiviral therapies. Host DNA repair enzymes have been speculated to catalyze the conversion of rcDNA to cccDNA, however, the DNA polymerase(s) that fills the gap in the plus strand of rcDNA remains to be determined...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768845/understanding-the-mutagenicity-of-o-linked-and-c-linked-guanine-dna-adducts-a-combined-experimental-and-computational-approach
#12
Richard A Manderville, Stacey D Wetmore
The formation of DNA adducts by the attack of intermediates derived from toxic substances at the C8 position of 2-deoxyguanosine (dG) is a common damaging event. Although the majority of studies on C8-dG adducts have focused on lesions containing a C8-N-C tether between the bulky moiety and the nucleobase, the formation of O-linked lesions with a similar tether topology and C-linked adducts involving direct C8-C connectivity have also been uncovered. Several studies have been done to try to better understand the structural impact and mutagenicity of O-linked and C-linked aryl C8-dG adducts, including lesions arising from unsubstituted and chloro substituted phenols, and the food mutagen ochratoxin A (OTA)...
October 21, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738883/backbone-assignment-of-the-binary-complex-of-the-full-length-sulfolobus-solfataricus-dna-polymerase-iv-and-dna
#13
Eunjeong Lee, Jason D Fowler, Zucai Suo, Zhengrong Wu
Sulfolobus solfataricus DNA polymerase IV (Dpo4), a model Y-family DNA polymerase, bypasses a wide range of DNA lesions in vitro and in vivo. In this paper, we report the backbone chemical shift assignments of the full length Dpo4 in its binary complex with a 14/14-mer DNA substrate. Upon DNA binding, several β-stranded regions in the isolated catalytic core and little finger/linker fragments of Dpo4 become more structured. This work serves as a foundation for our ongoing investigation of conformational dynamics of Dpo4 and future determination of the first solution structures of a DNA polymerase and its binary and ternary complexes...
October 13, 2016: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733975/might-e-cadherin-promoter-polymorphisms-of-rs16260-and-rs5030625-associate-with-the-risk-of-nephrolithiasis
#14
Cigdem Donmez, Ece Konac, Batuhan T Aydogan, Cenk Y Bilen
PURPOSE: To study whether -160 C > A (rs16260) and -347 G > GA (rs5030625) single nucleotide polymorphisms of the regulatory region (rSNPs) of CDH1 gene modulate the risk of nephrolithiasis. METHODS: Genomic DNA of 101 patients with calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and 114 healthy controls were screened for both polymorphisms, using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragments length polymorphism method (PCR-RLFP). Haplotype frequencies were also analyzed...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733043/cell-based-high-throughput-screening-assay-identifies-2-2-difluoro-2-deoxycytidine-gemcitabine-as-potential-anti-poliovirus-agent
#15
Zhuoran Zhang, Enzhuo Yang, Chunmiao Hu, Han Cheng, Crystal Y Chen, Dan Huang, Richard Wang, Yue Zhao, Lijun Rong, Marco Vignuzzi, Hongbo Shen, Ling Shen, Zheng W Chen
While we are approaching the global eradication of circulating wild-type polioviruses(PV), vaccination with oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) has led to emergence of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) and vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP). Complete cessation of all poliovirus infections may require stopping use of OPV and formulating improved vaccines and new antiviral drugs. Currently, no licensed drugs are available to treat chronically infected poliovirus excretors. Here, we created a modified PV expressing Gaussia Luciferase (PV-GLuc) and developed a cell-based high-throughput screening (HTS) antiviral assay...
October 12, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706710/investigating-the-association-between-xrcc1-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-gastric-cancer
#16
S Chen, X C Zhu, Y L Liu, C Wang, K G Zhang
We carried out a hospital-based case-control study to investigate the role of XRCC1 gene Arg399Gln, Arg280His, and Arg194Trp polymorphisms in susceptibility to gastric cancer. A total of 214 gastric cancer patients and 247 control subjects were recruited between March 2013 and March 2015, and polymorphism genotype frequencies were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Using the chi-square test, we detected statistically significant differences in age (chi-square = 22...
September 9, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706647/molecular-cloning-and-expression-pattern-of-oriental-river-prawn-macrobrachium-nipponense-nitric-oxide-synthase
#17
N M A Rahman, H T Fu, S M Sun, H Qiao, S Jin, H K Bai, W Y Zhang, G X Liang, Y S Gong, Y W Xiong, Y Wu
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) produces nitric oxide (NO) by catalyzing the conversion of l-arginine to l-citrulline, with the concomitant oxidation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. Recently, various studies have verified the importance of NOS invertebrates and invertebrates. However, the NOS gene family in the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense is poorly understood. In this study, we cloned the full-length NOS complementary DNA from M. nipponense (MnNOS) and characterized its expression pattern in different tissues and at different developmental stages...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695059/genome-wide-identification-of-mirnas-and-their-targets-involved-in-the-developing-internodes-under-maize-ears-by-responding-to-hormone-signaling
#18
Zhan Zhao, Yadong Xue, Huili Yang, Huimin Li, Gaoyang Sun, Xiaofeng Zhao, Dong Ding, Jihua Tang
Internode length is one of the decisive factors affecting plant height (PH) and ear height (EH), which are closely associated with the lodging resistance, biomass and grain yield of maize. miRNAs, currently recognized as important transcriptional/ post-transcriptional regulators, play an essential role in plant growth and development. However, their roles in developing internodes under maize ears remain unclear. To identify the roles of miRNAs and their targets in the development of internodes under maize ears, six miRNA and two degradome libraries were constructed using the 7th, 8th and 9th internodes of two inbred lines, 'Xun928' and 'Xun9058', which had significantly different internode lengths...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694439/mechanisms-of-insertion-of-dctp-and-dttp-opposite-the-dna-lesion-o6-methyl-2-deoxyguanosine-by-human-dna-polymerase-%C3%AE
#19
Amitraj Patra, Qianqian Zhang, F Peter Guengerich, Martin Egli
O(6)-Methyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (O(6)-MeG) is a ubiquitous DNA lesion, formed not only by xenobiotic carcinogens but also by the endogenous methylating agent S-adenosylmethionine. It can introduce mutations during DNA replication, with different DNA polymerases displaying different ratios of correct or incorrect incorporation opposite this nucleoside. Of the "translesion" Y-family human DNA polymerases (hpols), hpol η is most efficient in incorporating equal numbers of correct and incorrect C and T bases. However, the mechanistic basis for this specific yet indiscriminate activity is not known...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685341/investigation-of-intradomain-motions-of-a-y-family-dna-polymerase-during-substrate-binding-and-catalysis
#20
Austin T Raper, Zucai Suo
DNA polymerases catalyze DNA synthesis through a stepwise kinetic mechanism that begins with binding to DNA, followed by selection, binding, and incorporation of a nucleotide into an elongating primer. It is hypothesized that subtle active site adjustments in a polymerase to align reactive moieties limit the rate of correct nucleotide incorporation. DNA damage can impede this process for many DNA polymerases, causing replication fork stalling, genetic mutations, and potentially cell death. However, specialized Y-family DNA polymerases are structurally evolved to efficiently bypass DNA damage in vivo, albeit at the expense of replication fidelity...
October 10, 2016: Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
27412
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"