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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150922/prospective-evaluation-of-a-nonsurgical-device-for-rhinoplasty
#1
M A Deggeller, D Holzmann, M B Soyka
BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty represents one of the most challenging and frequently performed procedures in plastic surgery and non-surgical rhinoplasty is rarely considered. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the Nasella Nose Former (NNF), a newly developed non-surgical rhinoplasty device, could improve objective and subjective results following surgical rhinoplasty and even correct the shape of the nose without any surgery at all. METHODOLOGY: In this prospective, monocentric, two-armed, non-blinded randomized, controlled clinical trial, a total of 43 participants were included...
November 18, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150469/impact-of-preterm-birth-on-parental-separation-a-french-population-based-longitudinal-study
#2
Simon Nusinovici, Bertrand Olliac, Cyril Flamant, Jean-Baptiste Müller, Marion Olivier, Valérie Rouger, Géraldine Gascoin, Hélène Basset, Charlotte Bouvard, Jean-Christophe Rozé, Matthieu Hanf
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate both the effects of low gestational age and infant's neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age on the risk of parental separation within 7 years of giving birth. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: 24 maternity clinics in the Pays-de-la-Loire region. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 5732 infants delivered at <35 weeks of gestation born between 2005 and 2013 who were enrolled in the population-based Loire Infant Follow-up Team cohort and who had a neurodevelopmental evaluation at 2 years...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150465/differences-in-optimality-index-between-planned-place-of-birth-in-a-birth-centre-and-alternative-planned-places-of-birth-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands-results-of-the-dutch-birth-centre-study
#3
Marieke A A Hermus, Marit Hitzert, Inge C Boesveld, M Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Paula van Dommelen, Arie Franx, Johanna P de Graaf, Jan M M van Lith, Nathalie Luurssen-Masurel, Eric A P Steegers, Therese A Wiegers, Karin M van der Pal-de Bruin
OBJECTIVES: To compare the Optimality Index of planned birth in a birth centre with planned birth in a hospital and planned home birth for low-risk term pregnant women who start labour under the responsibility of a community midwife. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Low-risk pregnant women under care of a community midwife and living in a region with one of the 21 participating Dutch birth centres or in a region with the possibility for midwife-led hospital birth...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150463/month-of-birth-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-of-male-children-born-in-israel
#4
Hila Shalev, Ido Solt, Gabriel Chodick
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence and prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) over the last two decades have prompted considerable efforts to investigate its aetiological factors. We examined an association between month of birth and ASD incidence. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort of male children born from January 1999 to December 2008 in a large health organisation in Israel (Maccabi Healthcare Services), ASD was followed from birth through December 2015...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150434/campaigners-vow-to-fight-on-after-report-finds-no-link-between-hormone-test-and-birth-defects
#5
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150292/neonatal-and-regressive-forms-of-autism-diseases-with-similar-symptoms-but-a-different-etiology
#6
William E Barbeau
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be a debilitating, life-long neurocognitive disease. ASD is caused by genetic and epigenetic factors and largely unknown and poorly understood environmental triggers. Signs and symptoms of ASD often appear in the first year of life while the disease strikes other infants who had previously been developing normally at around 2years of age. Ozonoff and her colleagues recently suggested that there are three different pathways or trajectories for the development of ASD in infants 6-24months of age...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150251/validity-of-birth-certificate-and-hospital-discharge-data-reporting-of-labor-induction
#7
Kristen H Kjerulff, Laura B Attanasio
PURPOSE: To examine the concordance of labor induction measures derived from birth certificate and hospital discharge data with each other and with maternal report. METHODS: Birth certificate data were linked with hospital discharge data and structured interviews of 2,851 mothers conducted 1 month after first childbirth. Those who reported that a doctor or nurse tried to cause their labor to begin, and were not in labor before that event, were classified as undergoing labor induction...
November 14, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150237/-maternal-deaths-due-to-amniotic-fluid-embolism-results-from-the-french-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-2010-2012
#8
E Morau, A Proust, J-C Ducloy
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is an unpredictable, dreadful complication of pregnancy or childbirth. EA typically includes in the same lapse of time respiratory, haemodynamic, neurological and hemorrhagic symptoms (from early and severe coagulopathy). Immediate supportive treatment by a multidisciplinary team is the cornerstone of the management. Between 2010 an 2012 in France, 24 deaths were related to AFE giving a maternal mortality ratio of 1/100,000 live births (CI 95% 0.6-1.4). AFE ranks as the second leading cause of direct maternal death...
November 14, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150230/cesarean-birth-what-s-in-a-name
#9
L Ni, A Elsaharty, I McConachie
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth is known as both cesarean section (CS) or cesarean delivery (CD). The International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia (IJOA) is the leading obstetric anesthesia journal, and a barometer of attitudes within the profession. The journal recently published the hundredth issue, spanning 25 years (to December 2016). It is an opportune time to examine the evolution of surgical birth terminology (CS versus CD) during that period. METHODS: We examined 1583 articles in IJOA, subdividing them into editorials, papers, review articles, debates and case reports...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150054/low-birth-weight-case-definition-guidelines-for-data-collection-analysis-and-presentation-of-maternal-immunization-safety-data
#10
Clare L Cutland, Eve M Lackritz, Tamala Mallett-Moore, Azucena Bardají, Ravichandran Chandrasekaran, Chandrakant Lahariya, Muhammed Imran Nisar, Milagritos D Tapia, Jayani Pathirana, Sonali Kochhar, Flor M Muñoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150046/oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-the-cord-blood-of-preterm-infants
#11
Mahmood Norishadkam, Soudeh Andishmand, Javad Zavar Reza, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Vida Rezae Hachesoo
Preterm birth infants are more susceptible to oxidative stress and aftermaths unwanted outcomes such as DNA damage due to hyperoxic stress. In this study, we compared the DNA strand breaks as one of the results of DNA oxidation in white blood cells, malondialdehyde (oxidative stress marker), catalase and superoxide dismutase activity, and total antioxidant capacity (markers of antioxidant defense) in a cord blood plasma of a group of preterm (n=25) and full term births (n=25). The primary DNA damage and plasma oxidative stress markers were significantly higher in a preterm group (p<0...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149869/characterisation-of-sucking-dynamics-of-breastfeeding-preterm-infants-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Donna T Geddes, Kok Chooi, Kathryn Nancarrow, Anna R Hepworth, Hazel Gardner, Karen Simmer
BACKGROUND: Full breastfeeding is the ultimate aim for preterm infants to ensure they receive the full benefits of human milk however, preterm infants face a number of challenges associated with their immaturity and associated morbidities. In order to facilitate oral feeding, it is essential to have a sound knowledge of the sucking dynamics of the breastfed infant. The aim of this study was to measure and describe the sucking dynamics of the preterm breastfeeding infant. METHODS: A prospective cross sectional observational study was carried out at King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149770/a-multicenter-retrospective-medical-record-review-of-x-linked-myotubular-myopathy-the-recensus-study
#13
Alan H Beggs, Barry J Byrne, Sabine de Chastonay, Tmirah Haselkorn, Imelda Hughes, Emma S James, Nancy L Kuntz, Jennifer Simon, Lindsay C Swanson, Michele L Yang, Zi-Fan Yu, Sabrina W Yum, Suyash Prasad
INTRODUCTION: X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM), characterized by severe hypotonia, weakness, respiratory distress, and early mortality, is rare and natural history studies are few. METHODS: RECENSUS is a multicenter chart review of male XLMTM patients characterizing disease burden and unmet medical needs. Data were collected between September 2014 and June 2016. RESULTS: Analysis included 112 patients at six clinical sites. Most recent patient age recorded was ≤18 months for 40 patients and >18 months for 72 patients...
November 17, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149678/housing-conditions-and-birth-outcomes-the-national-child-development-study
#14
Emily W Harville, Felicia A Rabito
BACKGROUND: Despite their importance to respiratory and other health outcomes, housing conditions have been little-studied with respect to perinatal outcomes. METHODS: 1927 participants in the British National Child Development Study reported on housing conditions and pregnancy outcomes, including presence/severity of mold/dampness; type of heating; and whether remodeling of various sorts had been conducted. Crowding, based on the number of people in the residence and the number of rooms, was also considered...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149633/neonatal-and-long-term-ophthalmological-findings-in-infants-with-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#15
Maria Grazia Capretti, Concetta Marsico, Simonetta Guidelli Guidi, Antonio Ciardella, Giuliana Simonazzi, Silvia Galletti, Liliana Gabrielli, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Giacomo Faldella
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is responsible of a high burden of neurosensory impairment in children. OBJECTIVES: To report incidence and consequences of ophthalmological abnormalities in infants with cCMV infection and better define their long-term ophthalmological management. STUDY DESIGN: Infants with cCMV infection were enrolled in a 6-year follow-up. Infants were classified as symptomatic or asymptomatic based on complete clinical, laboratory and instrumental evaluations...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149620/the-dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-birth-weight-maternal-depression-maternal-attention-and-the-prediction-of-disorganized-attachment-at-36-months-of-age-a-prospective-gene%C3%A3-environment-analysis
#17
Justin Graffi, Ellen Moss, Alexia Jolicoeur-Martineau, Gal Moss, Vanessa Lecompte, Katherine Pascuzzo, Vanessa Babineau, Cathryn Gordon-Green, Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Klaus Minde, Roberto Sassi, Meir Steiner, James L Kennedy, Helene Gaudreau, Robert Levitan, Michael J Meaney, Ashley Wazana
BACKGROUND: Efforts to understand the developmental pathways for disorganized attachment reflect the importance of disorganized attachment on the prediction of future psychopathology. The inconsistent findings on the prediction of disorganized attachment from the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene, birth weight, and maternal depression as well as the evidence supporting the contribution of early maternal care, suggest the importance of exploring a gene by environment model. METHODS: Our sample is from the Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability, and Neurodevelopment project; consisting of 655 mother-child dyads...
November 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149538/psychologic-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-risk-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rio-de-janeiro
#18
Gustavo Lobato, Michael E Reichenheim, Claudia L Moraes, Fernando M Peixoto-Filho, Lívia S Migowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychologic intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 810 randomly selected mothers of infants younger than 5 months attending basic health services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January to July 2007. Psychologic and physical IPV were evaluated by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; IUGR was defined as below the 10th percentile of the Alexander curve...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149533/monocyte-specific-knockout-of-c-ebp%C3%AE-results-in-osteopetrosis-phenotype-blocks-bone-loss-in-ovariectomized-mice-and-reveals-an-important-function-of-c-ebp%C3%AE-in-osteoclast-differentiation-and-function
#19
Wei Chen, Guochun Zhu, Joel Jules, Diep Nguyen, Yi-Ping Li
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/ebpα) is critical for osteoclastogenesis by regulating osteoclast (OC) lineage commitment and is also important for OC differentiation and function in vitro. However, the role of C/ebpα in postnatal skeletal development has not been reported owing to lethality in C/ebpα(-/-) mice from hypoglycemia within 8 hours after birth. Herein, we generated conditional knockout mice by deleting the C/ebpα gene in monocyte via LysM-Cre to examine its role in OC differentiation and function...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149524/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-fetal-outcomes-following-the-administration-of-influenza-a-h1n1-vaccination-during-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Chuan Zhang, Xiaodong Wang, Dan Liu, Lingli Zhang, Xin Sun
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women were identified as a population of priority for vaccination during the H1N1 influenza pandemic breaking out in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess adverse fetal outcomes following the administration of H1N1 pandemic vaccination during pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched up to January 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cohort studies investigating fetal outcomes after H1N1 influenza vaccination during pregnancy were eligible...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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