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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784530/triplane-hallux-abducto-valgus-classification
#1
REVIEW
Daniel J Hatch, Robert D Santrock, Bret Smith, Paul Dayton, Lowell Weil
One of the most common procedures performed in the foot and ankle is correction of hallux abducto valgus deformity or "bunion surgery." Most foot and ankle surgeons recognize the challenges associated with defining each patient's individual deformity and selecting the optimal procedure for the best long-term results. Using current 2-dimensional algorithms that focus on the severity of the transverse plane deformity, surgical outcomes have varied. In the past 10 years, high recurrence and complication rates for popular procedures have been reported...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784067/yeast-derivatives-and-wheat-germ-in-the-adult-diet-modulates-fecundity-in-a-tephritid-pest
#2
L Goane, P M Pereyra, F Castro, M J Ruiz, M L Juárez, D F Segura, M T Vera
Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann), a pest of great economic importance in South America, needs urgently to be controlled by environmentally friendly methods such as the sterile insect technique for which mass rearing of insects is required. Because oogenesis takes place during the adult stage, mass-rearing facilities should provide the females a diet that maximizes egg production at the lowest cost. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of artificial protein sources in the adult diet (yeast derivatives of different cost but with similar amino acids profiles, and the addition of wheat germ) on fecundity...
May 22, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781423/in-vitro-ovicidal-and-larvicidal-activities-of-some-saponins-and-flavonoids-against-parasitic-nematodes-of-goats
#3
Acidália Carine Vieira Santos, Francianne Oliveira Santos, Hélimar Gonçalves Lima, Gisele Dias Da Silva, Rosangela Soares Uzêda, Êuder Reis Dias, Alexsandro Branco, Klauber Viana Cardoso, Jorge Mauricio David, Mariana Borges Botura, Silvia Lima Costa, Maria José Moreira Batatinha
This study assessed the anthelmintic activity of plant-derived compounds against gastrointestinal nematodes of goats using the egg hatch and larval motility assays. The compounds tested were saponins (digitonin and aescin) and their respective sapogenins (aglycones), hecogenin acetate and flavonoids (catechin, hesperidin, isocordoin and a mixture of isocordoin and cordoin). Additionally, cytotoxicity of active substances was analysed on Vero cell through 3-4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl,2,5diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and propidium iodide (PI) tests...
May 21, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780968/the-influence-of-obesity-on-operating-room-time-and-perioperative-complications-in-cochlear-implantation
#4
Jonathan L Hatch, Isabel M Boersma, Forest W Weir, Michael J Bauschard, Meredith A Holcomb, Paul R Lambert, Ted A Meyer
Objective: The rising incidence of obesity in the United States is associated with increased healthcare expenditures and resource allocation. Obesity has been associated with prolonged operating times during surgical procedures. The primary objective of this study is to compare body mass index (BMI) to length of surgery during cochlear implantation. Methods: A retrospective case control study from a tertiary academic referral center was performed. Patients included were adults who underwent primary, single-sided cochlear implantation with documented BMI and operating room (OR) times from January 2009 to July 2015...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780940/colored-floaters-as-a-manifestation-of-digoxin-toxicity
#5
Lynn Shi, Linus D Sun, Jeffrey G Odel
Purpose: Since its report in one patient more than 70 years ago, digitalis-induced colored muscae volitantes have not surfaced again in the literature. We report here a case of digoxin induced colored floaters. Observations: An 89-year-old man on 0.25 mg digoxin daily developed visual hallucinations and colored floaters. He had floaters in the past but now they were in various colors including yellow, green, blue and red, though predominantly in yellow. These "weirdly" shaped little particles wiggled around as if in a viscous solution and casted shadows in his vision...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779063/development-of-sperm-vitrification-protocols-for-two-endangered-salmonid-species-the-adriatic-grayling-thymallus-thymallus-and-the-marble-trout-salmo-marmoratus
#6
Eszter Kása, Jelena Lujić, Zoran Marinović, Tímea Kollár, Gergely Bernáth, Zoltán Bokor, Béla Urbányi, Kinga Katalin Lefler, Dušan Jesenšek, Ákos Horváth
Vitrification was applied to the sperm of two endangered fish species of Soča River basin in Slovenia, the Adriatic grayling (Thymallus thymallus) and marble trout (Salmo marmoratus) following testing different cooling devices and vitrifying media. Sperm was collected, diluted in species-specific non-activating media containing cryoprotectants, and vitrified by plunging directly into liquid nitrogen without pre-cooling. Progressive motility, curvilinear velocity, and straightness of fresh and vitrified-warmed sperm were evaluated with computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA)...
May 19, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778460/wnt-2b-in-the-intermediate-hyperpallium-apicale-of-the-telencephalon-is-critical-for-the-thyroid-hormone-mediated-opening-of-the-sensitive-period-for-filial-imprinting-in-domestic-chicks-gallus-gallus-domesticus
#7
Shinji Yamaguchi, Naoya Aoki, Toshiya Matsushima, Koichi J Homma
Filial imprinting is the behavior observed in chicks during the sensitive or critical period of the first 2-3 days after hatching; however, after this period they cannot be imprinted when raised in darkness. Our previous study showed that temporal augmentation of the endogenous thyroid hormone 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3 ) in the telencephalon, by imprinting training, starts the sensitive period just after hatching. Intravenous injection of T3 enables imprinting of chicks on days 4 or 6 post-hatching, even when the sensitive period has ended...
May 17, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778181/live-attenuated-duck-hepatitis-virus-vaccine-in-breeder-ducks-protective-efficacy-and-kinetics-of-maternally-derived-antibodies
#8
Jae-Hee Roh, Min Kang
Duck viral hepatitis type I is a rapidly spreading infection lethal in young ducklings, caused by the duck hepatitis A virus (DHAV). Vaccination of breeder ducks is a common practice to control DHAV. However, maintaining proper maternal antibody levels in large flocks is difficult. Therefore, a simple vaccination strategy that can induces stable high antibody levels through mass vaccination is desirable. We evaluated a DHAV vaccination strategy for breeder ducks involving oral administration under field conditions, and examined the kinetics of antibody response in the ducks and their progeny...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778081/molecular-aspect-of-silver-nanoparticles-regulated-embryonic-development-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-by-oct-4-expression
#9
Biplab Sarkar, Suresh K Verma, Javed Akhtar, Surya Prakash Netam, Sanjay Kr Gupta, Pritam Kumar Panda, Koel Mukherjee
With the enhancement of commercial manifestation of silver nanoparticles, concerned has risen on their accumulation in aquatic system and consequent effects on fish development and metabolism. In this study, experiments were conducted to assess the impacts of silver nanoparticles on early life cycles of fish considering Zebrafish (Danio rerio) as experimental model. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized through chemical reduction method and characterized through UV-visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and HR-TEM...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777721/pentraxins-crp-i-and-crp-ii-are-post-translationally-deiminated-and-differ-in-tissue-specificity-in-cod-gadus-morhua-l-ontogeny
#10
Bergljót Magnadóttir, Polly Hayes, Berglind Gísladóttir, Birkir Þór Bragason, Mariya Hristova, Anthony P Nicholas, Sigríður Guðmundsdóttir, Sigrun Lange
Pentraxins are fluid phase pattern recognition molecules that form an important part of the innate immune defence and are conserved between fish and human. In Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.), two pentraxin-like proteins have been described, CRP-I and CRP-II. Here we show for the first time that these two CRP forms are post-translationally deiminated (an irreversible conversion of arginine to citrulline) and differ with respect to tissue specific localisation in cod ontogeny from 3 to 84 days post hatching. While both forms are expressed in liver, albeit at temporally differing levels, CRP-I shows a strong association with nervous tissue while CRP-II is strongly associated to mucosal tissues of gut and skin...
May 16, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777416/identification-of-genes-involved-in-gonadal-sex-differentiation-and-the-dimorphic-expression-pattern-in-takifugu-rubripes-gonad-at-the-early-stage-of-sex-differentiation
#11
Hongwei Yan, Xufang Shen, Xin Cui, Yumeng Wu, Lianshun Wang, Lei Zhang, Qi Liu, Yusheng Jiang
Quantifying the expression of mRNAs in the gonads at the critical stage of molecular sex differentiation stage might help to clarify the regulatory network during early sex differentiation and provide new information on the role of sex-related genes in gonadal function. In this study, transcriptomic analysis of sex-related genes expression profiles in fugu gonads at 60 and 90 days after hatching (dah) was conducted firstly, and a total of 112,504,991 clean reads, encompassing 28.35 Gb of sequences were retrieved...
May 18, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776745/anatomical-histological-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-testicular-development-in-columba-livia-aves-columbiformes
#12
G B Olea, M V Aguirre, D M Lombardo
In this work, testicular ontogeny is analyzed at the anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical levels; the latter through the detection of GnRHR and PCNA in the testicles of embryos, neonates and juveniles of Columba livia. We analyzed 150 embryos, 25 neonates and 5 juveniles by means of observations under a stereoscopic magnifying glass and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The histological analysis was performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining techniques and the PAS reaction. For the immunohistochemical analysis, the expression of GnRHR and PCNA in embryos corresponding to stages 41, 43 and in neonates of 2, 5, 7 and 75 days post-hatch was revealed in testicular histological preparations...
May 16, 2018: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776700/assessment-of-the-utility-of-ordering-a-troponin-in-low-and-intermediate-risk-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-supraventricular-tachycardia-a-retrospective-chart-review
#13
David Noorvash, Rosemarie Ramos, Linda Hatch, Andrew Muck, Adriana Segura Olson
BACKGROUND: A troponin assay is commonly sent for patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Multiple studies suggest that elevated troponin levels do not predict coronary artery disease in these patients. Patients with elevated troponins are more likely to have additional cardiac testing, which can lead to increased health care costs and unnecessary invasive procedures. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate low- to intermediate-risk patients (HEART [history, electrocardiography, age, risk factors and troponin] Score 1-6) presenting to the ED with SVT...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775925/exposure-to-tris-1-3-dichloro-2-propyl-phosphate-for-two-generations-decreases-fecundity-of-zebrafish-at-environmentally-relevant-concentrations
#14
Yongkang Zhang, Meng Li, Shuying Li, Qiangwei Wang, Guonian Zhu, Guanyong Su, Robert J Letcher, Chunsheng Liu
Previous studies reported that exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of TDCIPP significantly decreased the number of cumulative eggs in zebrafish, but effects on the quantity of eggs and sperms remained unknown. Therefore, in this study, effects of TDCIPP on yolk diameter, surface morphology of eggs, sperm density and total motility were evaluated. First generation (F0) zebrafish larvae (Danio rerio) were exposed to 0, 50, 500 or 5000 ng/L tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) from 14 days post fertilization (dpf) to 120 dpf...
May 14, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775563/anolis-carolinensis-as-a-model-to-understand-molecular-and-cellular-basis-of-foveal-development
#15
Naif S Sannan, Xianghong Shan, Kevin Gregory-Evans, Kenro Kusumi, Cheryl Y Gregory-Evans
The fovea is an anatomical specialization of the central retina containing closely packed cone-photoreceptors providing an area of high acuity vision in humans and primates. Despite its key role in the clarity of vision, little is known about the molecular and cellular basis of foveal development, due to the absence of a foveal structure in commonly used laboratory animal models. Of the amniotes the retina in birds of prey and some reptiles do exhibit a typical foveal structure, but they have not been studied in the context of foveal development due to lack of availability of embryonic tissue, lack of captive breeding programs, and limited genomic information...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774577/genome-wide-association-analysis-reveals-novel-loci-for-hypoxia-adaptability-in-tibetan-chicken
#16
S Y Jiang, H Y Xu, Z N Shen, C J Zhao, C Wu
The Tibetan chicken (TBC), an indigenous chicken breed of the Tibetan Plateau, has adapted to its hypoxic, high-altitude environment over hundreds of years. The objective of this study was to identify the polymorphisms and genes associated with adaptation to hypoxia in this chicken breed. In the present study, samples were collected during days 18-21 of the incubation period from both surviving chicks and dead embryos, all of which were hatched under hypoxic conditions. A genome-wide association study was conducted using the Illumina iSelect 60K SNP array with a case-control design, in which the case group consisted of the dead chicken embryos (n = 54) and controls were the surviving chicks (n = 82)...
May 18, 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773129/in-vitro-acaricide-and-anticholinesterase-activities-of-digitaria-insularis-poaceae-against-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus
#17
Francianne Oliveira Santos, Hélimar Gonçalves Lima, Soraia de Souza Santa Rosa, Nayana Borges das Mercês, Taiane Menezes Serra, Rosângela Soares Uzeda, Isabella Mary Alves Reis, Mariana Borges Botura, Alexsandro Branco, Maria José Moreira Batatinha
Medicinal plants have been proposed as an alternative for acaricide control, aiming to develop lower-cost and eco-friendly ectoparasiticide products. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of the extracts and fractions obtained from the leaves of Digitaria insularis on the reproductive efficacy of the bovine tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Also, we investigated the possible relation with the anticholinesterase mechanism. The effect of the crude hydroethanolic (CH), hexanic (HE), ethyl acetate (EA), butanolic (BT) and residual hydroethanolic (RH) extracts, as well as four fractions of HE, were evaluated using adult immersion test...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771955/crispr-cas9-mediated-high-efficiency-knockout-of-the-eye-color-gene-vermillion-in-helicoverpa-zea-boddie
#18
Omaththage P Perera, Nathan S Little, Calvin A Pierce
Among various genome editing tools available for functional genomic studies, reagents based on clustered regularly interspersed palindromic repeats (CRISPR) have gained popularity due to ease and versatility. CRISPR reagents consist of ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes formed by combining guide RNA (gRNA) that target specific genomics regions and a CRISPR associated nuclease (Cas). The gRNA targeting specific gene sequences may be delivered as a plasmid construct that needs to be transcribed or as a synthetic RNA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771741/impacts-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-community-health-centers-characteristics-of-new-patients-and-early-changes-in-delivery-of-care
#19
Brigit Hatch, Ning Smith, Mary Ann McBurnie, Thu Quach, Kenneth H Mayer, Mary J Dunne, Erika Cottrell
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on community health centers (CHCs). Using electronic health records from the Community Health Applied Research Network, we assessed new patient characteristics, office visit volume, and payer distribution among CHC patients before and after ACA implementation, 2011-2014 (n = 442 455). New patients post-ACA were younger, more likely to be female and have chronic health conditions, and utilized more primary care (P < .05 for each)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770672/-effect-of-cementing-ditch-based-project-on-schistosomiasis-control-in-dingshen-river-basin-in-shitai-county
#20
Tao Wei, Chen Xue-Feng, Wu Ming-Yao, Wang Cheng, Du Yi-Fang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of cementing ditch-based project on schistosomiasis control in the irrigation area of Dingshen River basin in Shitai County, Anhui Province. METHODS: The data of Oncomelania hupensis snail surveys from 2009 to 2015 and the data of schistosome infections in humans and livestock from 2009 to 2015 were collected, and the changes of the epidemic situation were analyzed and compared before and after the project. RESULTS: In the cementing ditches, the occurrence rate of living snails decreased by 68...
March 1, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
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