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Thoracic oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033204/-structuring-the-french-thoracic-oncology-over-the-last-20%C3%A2-years
#1
EDITORIAL
B Milleron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019570/thoraco-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-thoracic-stage-in-prone-position
#2
Carlos Bernardo Cola, Flávio Duarte Sabino, Carlos Eduardo Pinto, Maria Ribeiro Morard, Pedro Portari, Tereza Guedes
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the National Cancer Institute Abdominopelvic Division (INCA / MS/HC I) initial experience with thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomy with thoracic stage in prone position. METHODS: we studied 19 consecutive thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomies from may 2012 to august 2014, including ten patients with squamous cells carcinoma (five of the middle third and five of the lower third) and nine cases of gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (six Siewert I and three Siewert II)...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987657/feasibility-of-percutaneous-cryoablation-of-vertebral-metastases-under-local-anaesthesia-in-asaiii-patients
#3
Alessandro Motta, Giuseppe Caltabiano, Stefano Palmucci, Giovanni Failla, Antonio Basile
PURPOSE: spine metastases are common concern from several primary neoplasms, modern management include percutaneous techniques such as ablation and cementoplasty. This research aims to evaluate the treatment under local anaesthesia in high-risk patients (ASA III). METHODS AND MATERIAL: from January 2013 up to September 2016 we treated via percutaneous cryoablation 11 advanced oncological patients classified as ASA III, then retrospectively a review of their clinical history has been performed...
October 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975081/radiotherapy-for-oligometastatic-lung-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Derek P Bergsma, Joseph K Salama, Deepinder P Singh, Steven J Chmura, Michael T Milano
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) typically presents at an advanced stage, which is often felt to be incurable, and such patients are usually treated with a palliative approach. Accumulating retrospective and prospective clinical evidence, including a recently completed randomized trial, support the existence of an oligometastatic disease state wherein select individuals with advanced NSCLC may experience historically unprecedented prolonged survival with aggressive local treatments, consisting of radiotherapy and/or surgery, to limited sites of metastatic disease...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972833/management-of-patients-with-stage-i-lung-cancer
#5
Jeffrey A Bogart, Jason Wallen
The treatment of stage I non-small-cell lung cancer has advanced markedly over the past century. The transition from therapeutic nihilism with ensured mortality to radical surgery with pneumonectomy to rational oncologic-based resection has resulted in dramatically improved outcomes and reduced morbidity. The superiority of anatomic resection with lobectomy over sublobar resection for fit patients with stage I disease, where more than one half of all patients should expect to be cured, is backed by level 1 evidence...
February 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960111/evaluating-molecular-biomarkers-for-the-early-detection-of-lung-cancer-when-is-a-biomarker-ready-for-clinical-use-an-official-american-thoracic-society-policy-statement
#6
Peter J Mazzone, Catherine Rufatto Sears, Doug A Arenberg, Mina Gaga, Michael K Gould, Pierre P Massion, Vish S Nair, Charles A Powell, Gerard A Silvestri, Anil Vachani, Renda Soylemez Wiener
BACKGROUND: Molecular biomarkers have the potential to improve the current state of early lung cancer detection. The goal of this project was to develop a policy statement that provides guidance about the level of evidence required to determine that a molecular biomarker, used to support early lung cancer detection, is appropriate for clinical use. METHODS: An ad hoc project steering committee was formed, to include individuals with expertise in the early detection of lung cancer and molecular biomarker development, from inside and outside of the Assembly on Thoracic Oncology...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942886/who-treats-lung-cancer-results-from-a-global-survey
#7
Takefumi Komiya, Christine B Mackay, Prabhakar Chalise
BACKGROUND: In most Western nations, the medical oncologist plays a significant role in the administration of systemic therapy for lung cancer. In Japan however, treatment for lung cancer has historically been provided by pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons. A comparison of the management of advanced disease between Japan and other nations has not been described. METHODS: An online, self-administered, international survey was sent to 3907 active members of the American Society of Clinical Oncology...
September 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935347/geographic-variations-in-lung-cancer-lobectomy-outcomes-the-general-thoracic-surgery-database
#8
A Laurie Shroyer, Jacquelyn A Quin, Maria V Grau-Sepulveda, Andrzej S Kosinski, Babatunde A Yerokun, John D Mitchell, Thomas V Bilfinger
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer ranks as the top cancer killer in the United States. Using The Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD), the geographic variability of lung cancer lobectomy for operative mortality and major morbidity were examined. METHODS: From January 2009 to June 2015, the GTSD lung cancer lobectomy records (excluding robotic procedures) were assigned to a US Census region using hospital location. Surgeons performing fewer than seven lung cancer lobectomies per year were categorized as "low volume...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935295/transatlantic-editorial-thoracic-surgeons-need-recognition-of-competence-in-thoracic-oncology
#9
EDITORIAL
Gilbert Massard, Mara B Antonoff, Julie-Lynn Noel, Alessandro Brunelli, Farhood Farjah, Michael Lanuti, Dirk Van Raemdonck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918926/subspecialty-certification-in-thoracic-oncology-toward-your-next-diploma
#10
EDITORIAL
Shawn S Groth, Bryan M Burt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918925/transatlantic-editorial-thoracic-surgeons-need-recognition-of-competence-in-thoracic-oncology
#11
EDITORIAL
Gilbert Massard, Mara B Antonoff, Julie-Lynn Noel, Alessandro Brunelli, Farhood Farjah, Michael Lanuti, Dirk Van Raemdonck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913495/improvement-of-recovery-parameters-using-patient-controlled-epidural-analgesia-after-oncological-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-single-center-study
#12
Armeana Olimpia Zgâia, Cosmin Ioan Lisencu, Alexandru Rogobete, Cătălin Vlad, Patriciu Achimaş-Cadariu, Gabriel Lazăr, Maximilian Muntean, Florin Ignat, Vlad Ormindean, Alexandru Irimie
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) versus conventional opioid intravenous (IV) infusion after gastrointestinal cancer surgery regarding several post-surgery parameters of recovery. METHODS: One hundred and one patients were prospectively randomized to receive either thoracic/lumbar PCEA (PCEA group) or the standard analgesia technique used in our hospital, conventional IV infusion of morphine (IVMO group) after gastrointestinal cancer surgery...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905806/oesophageal-perforation-therapeutic-and-diagnostics-challenge-retrospective-single-center-case-report-analysis-2009-2015
#13
Piotr Misiak, Sławomir Jabłoński, Łukasz Piskorz, Lechosław Dorożała, Artur Terlecki, Szymon Wcisło
BACKGROUND: Esophageal perforation is a life-threatening condition of a complex etiology. No clear guidelines are available regarding the management of this condition. In this study, we review publications related to esophageal perforation, and analyze patients treated for this condition at our Department of Thoracic, General and Oncological Surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to retrospectively assess and analyze management methods for esophageal perforations of different etiologies...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890435/pain-control-in-thoracic-oncology
#14
Christine Peeters-Asdourian, Gilbert Massard, Paragi H Rana, Paul Van Houtte, Andrew P White, Bogdan Grigoriu, Dominique Lossignol, Mohammed Almalki, Jean Alexiou, Jean-Luc Engelholm, Jean-Paul Sculier
This review of pain management in lung cancer is based on the presentation of four cases of thoracic oncology patients with pain at various stages of their disease. The approach will be multidisciplinary, involving a thoracic oncologist, radiologist, thoracic and orthopaedic spine surgeon, radiation therapist, pain medicine specialist, and palliative care specialist. This multispecialty approach to the management of different painful presentations in thoracic oncology will demonstrate the complexity of each case and the improved patient outcomes which result from the involvement of different disciplines working in concert...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881889/fully-robotic-da-vinci-ivor-lewis-esophagectomy-in-four-arm-technique-problems-and-solutions
#15
J-H Egberts, H Stein, H Aselmann, A Hendricks, T Becker
The aim of this technical note is a step-by-step description of a fully robotic abdominothoracic esophagectomy with an intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy. We report on our technique and short-term results of 75 patients undergoing an Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy using a fully robotic 4-arm approach in the abdominal and thoracic phase with a hand-sewn intrathoracic anastomosis. There are several important steps and differences to consider compared to the conventional minimal invasive approach (patient's positioning, anaesthesiological set up, port placement, gastric conduit pull up, technique of esophagostrostomy)...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874164/radiation-free-cmr-diagnostic-heart-catheterization-in-children
#16
Kanishka Ratnayaka, Joshua P Kanter, Anthony Z Faranesh, Elena K Grant, Laura J Olivieri, Russell R Cross, Ileen F Cronin, Karin S Hamann, Adrienne E Campbell-Washburn, Kendall J O'Brien, Toby Rogers, Michael S Hansen, Robert J Lederman
BACKGROUND: Children with heart disease may require repeated X-Ray cardiac catheterization procedures, are more radiosensitive, and more likely to survive to experience oncologic risks of medical radiation. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is radiation-free and offers information about structure, function, and perfusion but not hemodynamics. We intend to perform complete radiation-free diagnostic right heart catheterization entirely using CMR fluoroscopy guidance in an unselected cohort of pediatric patients; we report the feasibility and safety...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872530/modified-en-bloc-spondylectomy-for-tumors-of-the-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine-surgical-technique-and-outcomes
#17
Akash A Shah, Nuno R Paulino Pereira, Frank X Pedlow, John C Wain, Sam S Yoon, Francis J Hornicek, Joseph H Schwab
BACKGROUND: Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) for the treatment of spinal tumors decreases local recurrence and improves survival compared with intralesional resection. TES approaches vary in both the number of stages to complete the procedure and instruments with which osteotomies are performed. METHODS: We describe a 2-stage technique that employs the use of threadwire saws. We performed a retrospective review of cases of primary tumors and solitary metastases involving the thoracic or lumbar spine treated with use of our modified technique at our institution between 2010 and 2016, identifying eligible patients by searching for specific phrases in operative reports found in our oncologic database...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871982/evaluating-the-toxicity-reduction-with-computed-tomographic-ventilation-functional-avoidance-radiation-therapy
#18
Austin M Faught, Yuya Miyasaka, Noriyuki Kadoya, Richard Castillo, Edward Castillo, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy, Tokihiro Yamamoto
PURPOSE: Computed tomographic (CT) ventilation imaging is a new modality that uses 4-dimensional (4D) CT information to calculate lung ventilation. Although retrospective studies have reported on the reduction in dose to functional lung, no work to our knowledge has been published in which the dosimetric improvements have been translated to a reduction in the probability of pulmonary toxicity. Our work estimates the reduction in toxicity for CT ventilation-based functional avoidance planning...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868646/long-term-pulmonary-disease-among-swiss-childhood-cancer-survivors
#19
Rahel Kasteler, Annette Weiss, Matthias Schindler, Grit Sommer, Philipp Latzin, Nicolas X von der Weid, Roland A Ammann, Claudia E Kuehni
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary diseases are potentially severe late complications of childhood cancer treatment that increase mortality risk among survivors. This nationwide study assesses the prevalence and incidence of pulmonary diseases in long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and their siblings, and quantifies treatment-related risks. METHODS: As part of the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, we studied CCS who were diagnosed between 1976 and 2005 and alive at least 5 years after diagnosis...
September 4, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846822/extended-pharmacologic-thromboprophylaxis-in-oncologic-liver-surgery-is-safe-and-effective
#20
B J Kim, R W Day, C H Davis, N Narula, M H Kroll, C W D Tzeng, T A Aloia
Essentials The risk for venous thromboembolism after liver surgery remains high in the modern era. We evaluated the safety/efficacy of extended anticoagulation in liver surgery. This protocol reports zero venous thromboembolism events in 124 liver surgery patients. Extended anticoagulation after oncologic liver surgery is safe and effective. SUMMARY: Background The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after liver surgery remains high. Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of extended pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis after liver surgery for the prevention of VTE...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
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