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Thoracic oncology

Yanjiao Zhang, Yushun Gao
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a malignancy with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Surgery is the preferred treatment for non-small cell lung cancer. This study aims to investigate the effects of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, VATS segmentectomy, and open thoracotomy on pulmonary function in the early postoperative stage and compare the difference among three groups. METHODS: Pulmonary function data of patients were collected from September 2015 to February 2016 in Department of Thoracic Surgical Oncology, Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Antonio Mazzella, Anne Olland, Pierre Emmanuel Falcoz, Stephane Renaud, Nicola Santelmo, Gilbert Massard
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the number of video-assisted thoracic surgery-lobectomies (VATS-lobectomies) required for an experienced consultant thoracic surgeon to obtain competence and to perform standard quality surgery. METHODS: We have analysed the initial VATS-experience (January 2012 to September 2014) of a confirmed senior consultant who has performed 145 consecutive anatomic resections by thoracoscopy. After excluding bilobectomies, segmentectomies, and lobectomies for infectious disease, we have focused into 119 consecutive lobectomies, classified into 4 chronologic groups of 30 each...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Huan H Sun, Joanna Sesti, Jessica S Donington
Recent advances in the surgical treatment of early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have focused heavily on making procedures less invasive, less radical, and better tolerated. Advances in accuracy and increased utilization of cross-sectional imaging allows for diagnosis of smaller and more indolent tumors and preinvasive lesions. Similar to advanced disease, early-stage treatment is now being tailored to individual patients and their tumors. Sublobar resections are gaining acceptance as an oncologically equivalent approach to lobectomy in well-selected stage I patients...
October 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
R Orecchia, A Surgo, M Muto, A Ferrari, G Piperno, M A Gerardi, S Comi, C Garibaldi, D Ciardo, A Bazani, F Golino, F Pansini, C Fodor, P Romanelli, D Maestri, V Scroffi, S Mazza, B A Jereczek-Fossa
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate patient profile, feasibility, and acute toxicity of RadioTherapy (RT) delivered by VERO® in the first 20 months of clinical activity. METHODS: Inclusion criteria: 1) adult patients; 2) limited volume cancer (M0 or oligometastatic); 3) small extracranial lesions; 4) treatment between April 2012 and December 2013 and 5) written informed consent. Two techniques were employed: intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT)...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Abdulhamid Chaikh, Jacques Balosso
BACKGROUND: The risk of toxicity with radiation oncology for lung cancer limits the maximal radiation dose that can be delivered to thoracic tumors. This study aims at investigating the correlation between normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) and physical lung density by analyzing the computed tomography (CT) scan imaging used for radiotherapy dose planning. METHODS: Data from CT of lung cancer patients (n=10), treated with three dimensional radiotherapy, were selected for this study...
August 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Tommaso C Mineo, Alessandro Tamburrini, Gianluca Perroni, Vincenzo Ambrogi
In the early 2000s, the 'Awake Thoracic Surgery Research Group' at Tor Vergata University began a program of thoracic operations in awake nonintubated patients. To our knowledge this was the first program created with this specific purpose. Since then over 1000 tubeless operations have been carried out successfully, making this series one of the widest in the world. Both nononcologic and oncologic conditions were successively approached and major operations for lung cancer are now being performed. Uniportal access was progressively adopted with significant positive outcomes in postoperative recovery, patient acceptance and economical costs...
September 30, 2016: Future Oncology
Kan Yonemori, Akihiro Hirakawa, Asuka Kawachi, Fumie Kinoshita, Hitomi Ohkuma, Tadaaki Nishikawa, Tamura Kenji, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Naoko Takebe
Interstitial lung disease is a serious drug related condition that can cause life threatening organ failure. The incidence and risk factors of drug-induced interstitial lung disease (DILD) is unknown in oncology phase I trials. This study analyzed clinical information from 8,906 patients with malignancies who were enrolled in 470 phase I trials sponsored by the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program, National Cancer Institute, from 1988 to 2014. Logistic and Cox statistical analyses were utilized to determine clinical differences between patients who developed DILD and patients who did not...
September 29, 2016: Cancer Science
S Akyurek, B S Ozdemir, F Sert, D Yalman, G Yavas, M Cengiz, H Bakkal, A Yoney, K Kose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Tom Treasure
3rd Mediterranean Symposium on Thoracic Surgical Oncology, Catania, Italy, 21-22 April 2016 Surgeons presented their experience on videothoracoscopic lobectomy at the 3rd Mediterranean Symposium on Thoracic Surgical Oncology. The audience did not question that lobectomy could be done safely and as completely by videothoracoscopic techniques provided it was in expert and practiced hands and suitable patients. The question addressed here is whether video-assisted thoracic surgery can replace thoracotomy as a standard of care in patients suitable for either approach...
September 27, 2016: Future Oncology
Corrado Spatola, Alessandra Tocco, Roberto Milazzotto, Antonio Pagana, Ilenia Chillura, Roberta Bevilacqua, Carmelo Militello, Vincenzo Salamone, Luigi Raffaele, Marcello Migliore, Giuseppe Privitera
The management of pediatric thoracic synovial sarcoma remains a matter of debate in clinical oncology, especially as regard to the local control of the disease. Surgery remains the gold standard, while the role and timing of radiotherapy is still controversial. We report a 14-year-old male, who has not received proper treatment at the time of diagnosis and initial management. Intensity-modulated irradiation was performed only at relapse, as a salvage treatment and, at 10-month follow-up, the young patient was free from relapse, without significant acute and subacute toxicity...
September 23, 2016: Future Oncology
Cesare Gridelli, Paolo A Ascierto, Massimo C P Barberis, Enriqueta Felip, Edward B Garon, Mary O'brien, Suresh Senan, Francesca Casaluce, Assunta Sgambato, Vali Papadimitrakopoulou, Filippo De Marinis
INTRODUCTION: The potential long term survival gain, related to immune adaptability and memory, the potential activity across multiple tumour types through targeting the immune system, and the opportunity for combinations offered by the unique mechanism of actions and safety profile of these new agents, all support the role of immunotherapy in the cancer treatment pathway or paradigm. AREAS COVERED: The authors discuss the recent advances in the understanding of immunology and antitumor immune responses that have led to the development of new immunotherapies, including monoclonal antibodies that inhibit immune checkpoint pathways, such as Programmed Death-1 (PD-1) and Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen 4 (CTLA-4)...
September 21, 2016: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Mariaelena Occhipinti, Benedikt H Heidinger, Christina Pfannenberg, Reginald F Munden, Ronald L Eisenberg, Alexander A Bankier
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact that a clinical history of an oncologic disease may have on the management decisions for incidentally detected lung nodules on chest computed tomographic (CT) examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to all 796 members of the Society of Thoracic Radiology regarding criteria for the management of incidentally detected lung nodules in oncologic patients, as well as recommendations for nodule follow-up...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Tom Treasure, Paul De Leyn
Third Mediterranean Symposium on Thoracic Surgical Oncology, Catania, Italy, 21-22 April 2016 The primary justification for mediastinal lymphadenectomy is that it provides more complete nodal staging to help select best adjuvant treatments. There is a secondary argument that dissection of nodes might remove otherwise unrecognized nodal disease to increase the chance of cure. They have to be thought through again as patients look for less invasive treatments for their cancers such as videothoracoscopy and stereotactic radiotherapy...
September 19, 2016: Future Oncology
Norma I Cruz, Elvis Santiago, Anwar Abdul-Hadi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the surgical population of the University of Puerto Rico (UPR)-affiliated hospitals. METHODS: We examined all the surgical cases that were entered into the Surgical Database from April 1, 2014 through September 30, 2014. This database collects patient and procedural information from different surgical services of various UPR-affiliated hospitals (the University District Hospital, the University Pediatric Hospital, the UPR Carolina Hospital, the Dr...
September 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Tom Treasure
Videothoracic surgery for lung cancer is now an established practice but there is a division of opinion between surgeons whose aim is to spare all patients a thoracotomy and those who have not adopted videoscopic methods for routine lobectomy. The latter remain in the majority; most patients at present have a thoracotomy. Surgeons from Europe and America met in Catania, Sicily at the 3(rd) Mediterranean Symposium on Thoracic Surgical Oncology to explore the evidence and the routes to making videothoracoscopic surgery a standard of care...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Maria Teresa Ramieri, Ferdinando Marandino, Paolo Visca, Tommaso Salvitti, Enzo Gallo, Beatrice Casini, Francesca Romana Giordano, Claudia Frigieri, Mauro Caterino, Sandro Carlini, Massimo Rinaldi, Anna Ceribelli, Annarita Pennetti, Pier Luigi Alò, Mirella Marino, Edoardo Pescarmona, Massimo Filippetti
BACKGROUND: Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (c-TBNA) contributed to improve the bronchoscopic examination, allowing to sample lesions located even outside the tracheo-bronchial tree and in the hilo-mediastinal district, both for diagnostic and staging purposes. METHODS: We have evaluated the sensitivity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the c-TBNA performed during the 2005-2015 period for suspicious lung neoplasia and/or hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy at the Thoracic endoscopy of the Thoracic Surgery Department of the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Tomoko Itazawa, Yukihisa Tamaki, Takafumi Komiyama, Yasumasa Nishimura, Yuko Nakayama, Hiroyuki Ito, Yasuhisa Ohde, Masahiko Kusumoto, Shuji Sakai, Kenji Suzuki, Hirokazu Watanabe, Hisao Asamura
The purpose of this study was to develop a consensus-based computed tomographic (CT) atlas that defines lymph node stations in radiotherapy for lung cancer based on the lymph node map of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC). A project group in the Japanese Radiation Oncology Study Group (JROSG) initially prepared a draft of the atlas in which lymph node Stations 1-11 were illustrated on axial CT images. Subsequently, a joint committee of the Japan Lung Cancer Society (JLCS) and the Japanese Society for Radiation Oncology (JASTRO) was formulated to revise this draft...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Simon C Y Chow, Calvin S H Ng
In the modern era when screening and early surveillance of pulmonary nodules is increasing in importance, the management of the pulmonary nodule represents a different challenge to thoracic surgeons. The difficulty lies in the merging of sound surgical and oncological principles with more minimally invasive and appropriate lung sparing surgery. Furthermore, the intra-operative identification and surgical management of small and sometimes multi-focal pulmonary lesions remain challenging. There have been many developments and innovations in the field of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) to cater for the demands from increasing incidence of pulmonary nodules with associated paradigm shift in their surgical management...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ruth E Doerfler-Evans
Lung Cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death in men and women worldwide with a 52% 5 year survival rate when localized disease is discovered. A disheartening factor is that only 15% of lung cancer is detected at this early stage. Prompt treatment for the patient depends on diagnosis and staging. The thoracic/pulmonary oncology nurse navigator (ONN) plays a pivotal role in a rapid diagnostic and treatment pathway facilitating timely access to care and reducing barriers to treatment for the lung cancer patient...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Run Xiang, Tianpeng Xie, Qiang Li
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is common in thoracic neoplasms, with a high degree of malignancy and rapid tumor progression. SCLC is often diagnosed with widespread metastases at the time of the initial diagnosis. A small proportion of late-stage SCLC patients are in a poor physical condition and exhibit disqualifying chemoradiotherapy indications. The present study reports the case of a patient who presented with lumbago and backache. Following physical examination, computed tomography, bronchoscopy and biopsy, the patient was diagnosed with SCLC with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score of <2...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
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