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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667694/a-grounded-theory-investigation-into-sophomore-students-recall-of-depression-during-their-freshman-year-in-college-a-pilot-study
#1
Julie M Brandy, Theresa A Kessler, Christina H Grabarek
Using a grounded theory approach, the current descriptive qualitative design was conducted with sophomore students to understand the meaning participants gave their freshman experiences with depression. Twelve participants were recruited using scripted class announcements across campus. After informed consent, interviews began with the question: What was the experience of your freshman year in college? All interviews were completed with the primary investigator and transcribed verbatim. Interviews were analyzed using constant comparative methodology...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666844/burnout-among-anesthetists-and-intensive-care-physicians
#2
Audrius Mikalauskas, Rimantas Benetis, Edmundas Širvinskas, Judita Andrejaitienė, Šarūnas Kinduris, Andrius Macas, Žilvinas Padaiga
Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in physicians. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of burnout among anesthetists and intensive care physicians, and associations between burnout and personal, as well as professional, characteristics. Methods: In total, 220 anesthetists and intensive care physicians were contacted by email, asking them to participate in the study. For depression screening the PHQ-2 questionnaire, for problem drinking, CAGE items were used...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665460/emotional-intelligence-anxiety-and-emotional-eating-a-deeper-insight-into-a-recently-reported-association
#3
Leehu Zysberg
Recent studies reported a negative association between emotional intelligence (EI: defined here as individual predispositions associated with effective identification and regulation of emotions) and emotional eating. Although theory provides some insights into how the concept represents mechanisms that may serve as protective factors, empirical evidence of the mechanism behind the association has yet to be presented. This study tested a proposed model in which anxiety levels mediate the association between emotional intelligence and emotional-eating patterns in a normative sample of women in Israel...
April 11, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663976/factors-related-to-weight-gain-loss-among-emerging-adults-with-obesity
#4
Ping H Johnson, James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: We examined the reasons for weight gain and barriers to weight loss among emerging adults with obesity. METHODS: Eighty-one female undergraduate students with obesity completed 4-open ended questions in 2015-2016. Qualitative responses were analyzed using NVivo 11 Pro software. RESULTS: Most participants experienced weight gain prior to attending college. The most commonly reported reasons for weight gain include a lack of ability to control one's behaviors or overcome barriers (ie, poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, lack of time, easy access to food), emotional/mental health issues, physical health, and influence of significant others...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663468/problematic-eating-behaviors-and-psychopathology-in-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-the-mediating-role-of-loss-of-control-eating
#5
Eva M Conceição, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Ana Rita Vaz, Isabel Brandão, Sofia Ramalho
OBJECTIVE: This study compares different problematic eating behaviors (PEBs; objective [OBE]/subjective [SBE] binge-eating and compulsive [CG]/noncompulsive [NCG] grazing) in relation to the severity of loss of control (LOC) and psychopathology. We also investigate LOC as a mediator between PEBs and psychopathology. METHOD: This cross-sectional study assessed a group of patients before bariatric surgery (n = 163), and a group of bariatric patients 12 months or more after surgery (n = 131)...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662721/neural-mechanisms-of-qigong-sensory-training-massage-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#6
Kristin K Jerger, Laura Lundegard, Aaron Piepmeier, Keturah Faurot, Amanda Ruffino, Margaret A Jerger, Aysenil Belger
Objectives: Despite the enormous prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), its global impact has yet to be realized. Millions of families worldwide need effective treatments to help them get through everyday challenges like eating, sleeping, digestion, and social interaction. Qigong Sensory Training (QST) is a nonverbal, parent-delivered intervention recently shown to be effective at reducing these everyday challenges in children with ASD. This study tested the feasibility of a protocol for investigating QST's neural mechanism...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662095/%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-system-mediates-reward-processing-in-humans
#7
Lauri Nummenmaa, Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jussi Hirvonen, Jetro J Tuulari, Pirjo Nuutila, Kari Kalliokoski
The endogenous μ-opioid receptor (MOR) system regulates motivational and hedonic processing. We tested directly whether individual differences in MOR are associated with neural reward responses to food pictures in humans. We scanned 33 non-obese individuals with positron emission tomography (PET) using the MOR-specific radioligand [11 C]carfentanil. During a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan, the subjects viewed pictures of appetizing versus bland foods to elicit reward responses. MOR availability was measured in key components of the reward and emotion circuits and used to predict BOLD-fMRI responses to foods...
April 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655968/mediation-of-the-bidirectional-relations-between-obesity-and-depression-among-women
#8
Jeffrey R Vittengl
Past research established that obesity increases risk for development of depression, and depression increases risk for development of obesity. The current study tested physical impairment (difficulty with instrumental activities of daily living), social dysfunction (low social support and high social strain), and emotional eating (using food to cope with stress) as mediators of the bidirectional, longitudinal relations between depression and obesity. A national sample of mid-life adults in the United States (N = 7108) was assessed at three time points over 18 years...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655657/the-mindful-eating-behavior-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-sample-of-dutch-adults-aged-55-years-and-older
#9
Laura H H Winkens, Tatjana van Strien, Juan Ramón Barrada, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Brenda W J H Penninx, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND: Earlier scales on mindful eating do not measure mindful eating independent from emotional or external eating, or mindful eating in common situations. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a new instrument to measure the attention element of mindful eating, the Mindful Eating Behavior Scale (MEBS), and to compute the internal structure, reliabilities, and convergent validity of this scale. DESIGN: A cross-sectional ancillary study within the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam was conducted between fall 2014 and spring 2015...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642885/barriers-to-and-motivators-of-handwashing-behavior-among-mothers-of-neonates-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
Shahana Parveen, Sharifa Nasreen, Jelena V Allen, Kelly B Kamm, Shifat Khan, Shirina Akter, Tajnin Marin Lopa, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
BACKGROUND: To design a maternal handwashing intervention for the newborn period, this qualitative study explored drivers of handwashing among mothers and other caregivers of neonates and infants in two rural areas of Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted 40 semi-structured observation sessions to observe handwashing behaviors of primiparous and multiparous mothers of neonates, and to understand the contextual factors that facilitated or hampered those behaviors. We then conducted 64 interviews with mothers of neonates and mothers of infants and 6 group discussions with mothers of infants, other female caregivers and fathers to explore perceptions, beliefs, and practices related to handwashing in the neonatal period...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628301/functional-outcomes-assessment-following-free-muscle-transfer-for-dynamic-reconstruction-of-facial-paralysis-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Anson Dong, Kevin J Zuo, Georgina Papadopoulos-Nydam, Jaret L Olson, Gordon H Wilkes, Jana Rieger
Facial reanimation provides patients affected by chronic facial paralysis a chance to regain basic human functions such as emotional expression, verbal communication, and oral competence for eating and swallowing, but there is still no consensus as to the best way to measure surgical outcomes. We performed a literature review to investigate the different functional outcomes that surgeons use to evaluate facial function after reanimation surgery, focusing on outcomes other than facial expressions such as speech, oral competence, and patient quality of life/satisfaction...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627115/migrant-children-within-europe-a-systematic-review-of-children-s-perspectives-on-their-health-experiences
#12
REVIEW
P Curtis, J Thompson, H Fairbrother
OBJECTIVES: To review the extant literature to explore what is known about children's own perspectives on their health experiences, focussing on children and young people who have migrated into, and within, Europe. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review with narrative synthesis. METHODS: A review of English language articles was performed in June 2016 using the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane and Web of Science. Included articles had to report data generated directly with children, up to 18 years of age, who had migrated across national borders into, or within, Europe during their own lifetimes...
April 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626825/emotional-eating-and-temperamental-traits-in-eating-disorders-a-dimensional-approach
#13
Francesco Rotella, Edoardo Mannucci, Sara Gemignani, Lisa Lazzeretti, Giulia Fioravanti, Valdo Ricca
Growing evidence shows that temperamental features and emotional dysregulation are linked to Eating Disorders (EDs). Aim of this study was to explore the possible relationship between temperament and emotional eating (EE) from a dimensional standpoint, and the association of specific temperamental dimensions with overeating triggered by specific emotions. We enrolled 253 women with Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder. Of those, 189 (74.7%), 73 (28.8%), and 80 (31.6%) reported binge eating, purging, or restrictive behaviors, respectively (the categories are not mutually exclusive)...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625116/neuropeptide-y-npy-or-cocaine-and-amphetamine-regulated-transcript-cart-fiber-innervation-on-central-and-medial-amygdaloid-neurons-that-project-to-the-locus-coeruleus-and-dorsal-raphe-in-the-rat
#14
Young G Hwang, Hyun S Lee
The amygdaloid nuclear complex has been linked to the regulation of emotional behavior and energy regulation in that emotional stress might cause either reduction or enhancement of eating. We examined hypothalamic neuronal origin of feeding/arousal-related peptidergic fibers containing cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) located in the rat amygdala along with its efferent projections to the brainstem monoaminergic nuclei. First, central (CeA) as well as medial (MeA) amygdala, among several amygdaloid subdivisions, exhibited the most prominent NPY or CART immunostaining which consisted of a substantial number of somata as well as labeled fibers...
April 3, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617753/an-examination-of-appetite-and-disordered-eating-in-active-crohn-s-disease
#15
Richard Anthony Wardle, Gita Thapaliya, Adam Nowak, Shellie Radford, Michelle Dalton, Graham Finlayson, Gordon W Moran
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) patients suffer from nutritional deficiencies when in active disease. We aim to examine calorific intake, macronutrient choice and disordered eating behaviour in patients with active CD. Methods: CD patients with matched healthy volunteers (HV) were recruited. Active disease was defined by faecal calprotectin >250ug/g, C-reactive protein >5mg/dl, or active disease seen on endoscopy or imaging. Symptoms were quantified by Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611252/significant-differences-in-maternal-child-feeding-style-between-ethnic-groups-in-the-uk-the-role-of-deprivation-and-parenting-styles
#16
M Korani, D M Rea, P F King, A E Brown
BACKGROUND: Nonresponsive maternal child-feeding interactions, such as restricting, pressurising and emotional feeding, can affect the ability of a child to self-regulate intake and increase the risk of becoming overweight. However, despite findings that South Asian and Black children living in the UK are more likely to be overweight, UK research has not considered how maternal child-feeding style might differ between ethnic groups. The present study aimed to explore variations in maternal child-feeding style between ethnic groups in the UK, taking into account associated factors such as deprivation and parenting style...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607713/association-of-24-h-maternal-deprivation-with-a-saline-injection-in-the-neonatal-period-alters-adult-stress-response-and-brain-monoamines-in-a-sex-dependent-fashion
#17
Rafael Cabbia, Amanda Consoli, Deborah Suchecki
Maternal deprivation (MD) disinhibits the adrenal glands, rendering them responsive to various stressors, including saline injection, and this increased corticosterone (CORT) response can last for as long as 2 h. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that association of MD on day 11 with a saline injection would alter emotional behavior, CORT response, and brain monoamine levels, in male and female adult rats. Rats were submitted to the novelty suppressed feeding (NSF), the sucrose negative contrast test (SNCT), social investigation test (SIT), and the elevated plus maze (EPM)...
April 1, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602330/the-association-between-depression-and-eating-styles-in-four-european-countries-the-moodfood-prevention-study
#18
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Miquel Roca, Elisabeth Kohls, Ed Watkins, Brenda W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: Depression, one of the most prevalent and disabling disorders in Europe, is thought to be associated with unhealthy eating styles. As prevalence of depression and eating styles potentially differ across Europe, the current study aimed to investigate in a large, European sample, the associations of history of major depressive disorder and depression severity with unhealthy eating styles. METHODS: Baseline data of the MooDFOOD prevention study was used...
May 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579064/neural-processing-of-food-and-emotional-stimuli-in-adolescent-and-adult-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#19
Stefanie Horndasch, Julie Roesch, Clemens Forster, Arnd Dörfler, Silja Lindsiepe, Hartmut Heinrich, Holmer Graap, Gunther H Moll, Oliver Kratz
BACKGROUND: A constant preoccupation with food and restrictive eating are main symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN). Imaging studies revealed aberrant neural activation patterns in brain regions processing hedonic and reward reactions as well as-potentially aversive-emotions. An imbalance between so called "bottom-up" and "top-down" control areas is discussed. The present study is focusing on neural processing of disease-specific food stimuli and emotional stimuli and its developmental course in adolescent and adult AN patients and could offer new insight into differential mechanisms underlying shorter or more chronic disease...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574216/activity-based-anorexia-activates-crf-immunoreactive-neurons-in-female-rats
#20
Sophie Scharner, Tiemo Friedrich, Miriam Goebel-Stengel, Peter Kobelt, Matthias Rose, Andreas Stengel
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is a well-established animal model mimicking the eating disorder anorexia nervosa (AN). Since the pathophysiology of AN is yet poorly understood and specific drug treatments are lacking so far, animal models might be useful to further understand this disease. ABA consists of time-restricted access to food for 1.5 h/day and the possibility to exercise in a running wheel for 24 h/day. This combination leads to robust body weight loss as observed in AN. Here, we investigated the activation of brain corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neurons, a transmitter involved in the response to stress, emotional processes and also food intake...
March 21, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
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