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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329716/-i-ll-do-anything-to-maintain-my-health-how-women-aged-65-94-perceive-experience-and-cope-with-their-aging-bodies
#1
Erica V Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C Kowalski, Peter R E Crocker
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances...
March 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325101/-i-had-no-idea-what-a-complicated-business-eating-is%C3%A2-a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-dysphagia-during-stroke-recovery
#2
Jennifer Moloney, Margaret Walshe
AIM: Persons with dysphagia following stroke may experience uncomfortable symptoms such as persistent coughing, choking and poor salivary management. They may also spend long periods of time unable to eat or drink or with restrictions on oral intake. Experiences of dysphagia post-stroke are richly described in unsolicited narratives such as autobiographies on the stroke event, which often include details of the author's journey through their stroke recovery. The aim of this study is to use autobiographical accounts to explore the experiences of those living with dysphagia following stroke...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322911/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-eating-disorders-versus-normalization-of-eating-behavior
#3
REVIEW
P Södersten, C Bergh, M Leon, U Brodin, M Zandian
We examine the science and evidence supporting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Recent trials focusing on the abnormal cognitive and emotional aspects of bulimia have reported a remission rate of about 45%, and a relapse rate of about 30% within one year. However, an early CBT trial that emphasized the normalization of eating behavior had a better outcome than treatment that focused on cognitive intervention. In support of this finding, another treatment, that restores a normal eating behavior using mealtime feedback, has an estimated remission rate of about 75% and a relapse rate of about 10% over five years...
March 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303707/assessment-of-nutritional-habits-and-preferences-among-secondary-school-students
#4
Paulina Duma-Kocan, Barbara Barud, Elżbieta Głodek, Marian Gil
Background: Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287195/-pilot-study-on-nutritional-and-eating-disorders-in-children-and-mood-disorders-comorbidity-or-prodromal-traits
#5
Paola Cimbolli, Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
INTRODUCTION: Both children affected by nutritional and eating disorders (ED) and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation, which can present in different forms. If we observe the clinical and developmental histories of individuals affected by EDs and BD, based on a cognitive systemic post-rationalist approach, we can hypothesise a continuum between the two disorders. The aim of this pilot study is to support the hypothesis - from an explanatory rather than a non-descriptive approach - that EDs and BD are the possible result of issues tied to biological and psychological self-regulation...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282466/fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-gene-fto-is-associated-to-eating-disorders-susceptibility-and-moderates-the-expression-of-psychopathological-traits
#6
Giovanni Castellini, Marica Franzago, Silvia Bagnoli, Lorenzo Lelli, Michela Balsamo, Milena Mancini, Benedetta Nacmias, Valdo Ricca, Sandro Sorbi, Ivana Antonucci, Liborio Stuppia, Giovanni Stanghellini
Eating Disorders (EDs) show a multifactorial etiopathogenesis including environmental, psychological and biological factors. In the present study, we propose a model of interactions between genetic vulnerability-represented by Fat Mass and Obesity-Associated (FTO) gene-and stable psychopathological traits, such as bodily disorders and emotion dysregulation for EDs patients. The distribution of a polymorphism of the FTO (rs9939609 T>A) was evaluated in a series of 250 EDs patients and in a group of 119 healthy control subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274681/what-is-diabetes-distress-and-how-can-we-measure-it-a-narrative-review-and-conceptual-model
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn Dennick, Jackie Sturt, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: Diabetes distress is the negative emotional impact of living with diabetes. It has tangible clinical importance, being associated with sub-optimal self-care and glycemic control. Diabetes distress has been operationalized in various ways and several measures exist. Measurement clarity is needed for both scientific and clinical reasons. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the conceptualization and operationalization of diabetes distress, identify and distinguish relevant measures, and evaluate their appropriateness for this purpose...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274650/ethnic-differences-in-parental-feeding-behaviors-in-uk-parents-of-preschoolers
#8
Cihang Gu, Warkentin Sarah, Mais Laís Amaral, Susan Carnell
Childhood obesity is prevalent among ethnic minorities in the UK but little is known about parent feeding practices in these populations. We administered questionnaires assessing parental feeding behaviors and perceptions and concerns relating to child weight to White British (n = 271), South Asian (n = 59), and Black Afro-Caribbean (n = 42) parents of UK 3-5 year-olds. Child BMI z-scores were determined from measured heights and weights. South Asian and Black Afro-Caribbean parents exhibited greater pressure to eat than White British parents...
March 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273276/sim-brasil-study-women-s-gastrointestinal-health-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-impact-on-the-brazilian-women-quality-of-life
#9
Ana Paula Wolf Tasca Del'arco, Pamela Magalhães, Flávio Antônio Quilici
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms seem to affect more women, due to hormonal and emotional issues, impacting the quality of life. The emotional state can affect the bowel functioning through a bidirectional communication system between the gut and the brain involving the neuroendocrine system. Altered bowel functioning and gastrointestinal symptoms can alter quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The SIM study aimed to describe, characterize and quantify gastrointestinal symptoms reported by Brazilian women, their causes, feelings and impact...
February 23, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265299/self-reported-frequency-of-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-in-a-national-study-of-swedish-adolescents-and-association-to-sociodemographic-factors-sexual-behaviors-abuse-and-mental-health
#10
Cecilia Fredlund, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Linda Jonsson, Marie Wadsby
BACKGROUND: Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261140/self-other-differences-in-perceiving-why-people-eat-what-they-eat
#11
Gudrun Sproesser, Verena Klusmann, Harald T Schupp, Britta Renner
People often view themselves more favorably than others, displaying unrealistic optimism. In the present study, we investigated whether people perceive their reasons for eating as better than those of others. Furthermore, we investigated which mechanisms of inaccuracy might underlie a possible bias when perceiving why people eat what they eat. In Study 1, 117 participants rated the social desirability of eating motives. In Study 2, 772 participants provided information on their own and others' motives for eating behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259721/neuroendocrinology-and-brain-imaging-of-reward-in-eating-disorders-a-possible-key-to-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#12
REVIEW
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Giovanni Castellini, Umberto Volpe, Valdo Ricca, Lorenzo Lelli, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are severe eating disorders whose etiopathogenesis is still unknown. Clinical features suggest that eating disorders may develop as reward-dependent syndromes, since eating less food is perceived as rewarding in anorexia nervosa while consumption of large amounts of food during binge episodes in bulimia nervosa aims at reducing the patient's negative emotional states. Therefore, brain reward mechanisms have been a major focus of research in the attempt to contribute to the comprehension of the pathophysiology of these disorders...
March 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253905/perceived-stress-and-quality-of-life-of-pharmacy-students-in-university-of-ghana
#13
Adomah Opoku-Acheampong, Irene A Kretchy, Franklin Acheampong, Barima A Afrane, Sharon Ashong, Bernice Tamakloe, Alexander K Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Stress among pharmacy students could greatly affect their learning activities and general well-being. It is therefore necessary to investigate how stress relates with the quality of life of students to maintain and/or improve their personal satisfaction and academic performance. A school-based longitudinal study was used to investigate the relationship between stress and quality of life of undergraduate pharmacy students. The 10-item perceived stress scale and the shorter version of the WHO quality of life scale were administered to the same participants at two time points i...
March 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251521/influence-of-cancer-worry-on-four-cancer-related-health-protective-behaviors-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-implications-for-health-promotion-efforts
#14
Ann O Amuta, Rahma S Mkuu, Wura Jacobs, Agbenu Z Ejembi
The aims of this study were to assess what sociodemographic characteristics are associated with cancer worry and what the influence of cancer worry is on four cancer-related protective health behaviors. Data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) (4th cycle of the 4th iteration) were used. Multiple regression models were used for all analyses. Behaviors analyzed were as follows: physical activity, diets, smoking, and routine medical screening. Demographics controls included participant age, income, body mass index (BMI), race/ethnicity, and education...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242313/eating-behaviour-among-nutrition-students-and-social-desirability-as-a-confounder
#15
Dóris Freitas, Bruno Mpm Oliveira, Flora Correia, Sílvia Pinhão, Rui Poínhos
INTRODUCTION: The study of eating behaviour should consider the presence of potential sources of bias, including social desirability. This is particularly relevant among students of Nutrition Sciences, since they have a higher risk of eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of social desirability in the assessment of eating behaviour dimensions among nutrition students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 149 students of Nutrition Sciences...
February 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241982/association-of-the-dopamine-d2-receptor-rs1800497-polymorphism-and-eating-behavior-in-chilean-children
#16
Ana M Obregón, Macarena Valladares, Gary Goldfield
OBJECTIVES: Studies have established a strong genetic component in eating behavior. The TaqI A1 polymorphism (rs1800497) has previously been associated with obesity and eating behavior. Additionally, this polymorphism has been associated with diminished dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) density, higher body mass, and food reinforcement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the DRD2 rs1800497 polymorphism and eating behavior in Chilean children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which we selected 258 children (44% girls, 56% boys; ages 8-14 y) with a wide variation in body mass index...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241886/comparison-of-associated-features-and-drug-treatment-between-co-occurring-unipolar-and-bipolar-disorders-in-depressed-eating-disorder-patients
#17
Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Chin-Hao Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao, Hsi-Chung Chen
BACKGROUND: To examine the differences of associated characteristics and prescription drug use between co-occurring unipolar and bipolar disorders in patients with eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: Patients with EDs and major depressive episode (MDE) were recruited from psychiatric outpatient clinics. They were interviewed and completed self-administered measures assessing eating and general psychopathology. The prescribed drugs at the index outpatient visit were recorded...
February 27, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238895/hispanic-mothers-views-of-the-fathers-role-in-promoting-healthy-behaviors-at-home-focus-group-findings
#18
Karina R Lora, Marshall Cheney, Paul Branscum
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevention interventions rarely take into account the unique role of fathers in promoting healthy home environments. OBJECTIVE: To use qualitative methodology to examine the views of Hispanic mothers of children aged 2 to 5 years regarding fathers' roles in promoting healthy behaviors at home. DESIGN: Nine focus groups were conducted in Spanish with Hispanic mothers of preschool-aged children (N=55) from October to December 2015...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238701/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-subcallosal-cingulate-for-treatment-refractory-anorexia-nervosa-1-year-follow-up-of-an-open-label-trial
#19
Nir Lipsman, Eileen Lam, Matthew Volpini, Kalam Sutandar, Richelle Twose, Peter Giacobbe, Devin J Sodums, Gwenn S Smith, D Blake Woodside, Andres M Lozano
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening illness. Brain circuits believed to drive anorexia nervosa symptoms can be accessed with surgical techniques such as deep brain stimulation (DBS). Initial results suggest that DBS of the subcallosal cingulate is safe and associated with improvements in mood and anxiety. Here, we investigated the safety, clinical, and neuroimaging outcomes of DBS of the subcallosal cingulate in a group of patients during 12 months of active stimulation...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235620/practices-and-preferences-exploring-the-relationships-between-food-related-parenting-practices-and-child-food-preferences-for-high-fat-and-or-sugar-foods-fruits-and-vegetables
#20
Rachel L Vollmer, Jamey Baietto
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between food-related parenting practices and child fruit, vegetable, and high fat/sugar food preferences. Parents (n = 148) of children (3-7 years old) completed the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ), the Preschool Adapted Food Liking Scale (PALS), and answered demographic questions. Separate linear regressions were conducted to test relationships between the different food categories on PALS (fruits, vegetables, and high fat/sugar foods) and each food-related parenting practice using race, ethnicity, and income level, and child age and gender as covariates...
February 21, 2017: Appetite
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