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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454015/why-i-eat-at-night-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-development-maintenance-and-consequences-of-night-eating-syndrome
#1
James A Shillito, James Lea, Stephanie Tierney, Jacqueline Cleator, Sara Tai, John P H Wilding
Night Eating Syndrome (NES), as a diagnosis, presents as a combination of disordered eating, sleep and mood. Patients identified as having both NES and obesity demonstrate poorer outcomes in terms of weight loss compared to those with NES only. However, research focusing on psychological factors associated with NES remains relatively underdeveloped. This study aimed to explore the relationship between NES and the experience of emotion from the perspective of patients accessing a weight management service. Ten adults who met diagnostic criteria for moderate or full NES took part in a semi-structured interview...
February 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453590/attribution-of-weight-regain-to-emotional-reasons-amongst-european-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-who-regained-weight-following-a-weight-loss-attempt
#2
Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Susanne Pedersen, Marta M Marques, Pedro J Teixeira, Liisa Lähteenmäki, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Falko F Sniehotta
PURPOSE: Despite the wide availability of effective weight loss programmes, maintenance of weight loss remains challenging. Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with binge eating and may represent one barrier to long-term intervention effectiveness in obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and the extent of weight regain in a sample of adults who had lost, and then regained, weight, and to examine the characteristics associated with emotional difficulties...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438715/perceived-child-eating-behaviours-and-maternal-migrant-background
#3
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Kimmo Sorjonen, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Claude Marcus, Myles S Faith, Christine Persson Osowski, Anna Ek, Paulina Nowicka
The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n = 1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of five-year-olds (mean age 4...
February 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437028/changes-in-the-peripheral-endocannabinoid-system-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-eating-disorders
#4
Anna Capasso, Walter Milano, Omar Cauli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eating Disorder (ED) is characterized by persistently and severely disturbed eating behaviours. They arise from a combination of long-standing behavioural, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors and result in insufficient nutrient ingestion and/or adsorption. The three main EDs are: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. We review the role of peripheral endocannabinoids in eating behaviour. DISCUSSION: The neuronal pathways involved in feeding behaviours are closely related to catecholaminergic, serotoninergic and peptidergic systems...
February 12, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435312/determinant-factors-of-quality-of-life-in-adult-patients-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#5
Alfredo J Lucendo, Laura Arias-González, Javier Molina-Infante, Ángel Arias
Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Data on determinant factors and the influence of dietary interventions are scarce. Objective: The objective of this article is to evaluate factors influencing HRQoL in adult EoE patients. Methods: We conducted a multicenter observational, cross-sectional study. A validated Spanish version of the self-administered Adult Eosinophilic Esophagitis Quality of Life (EoE-QoL-A) questionnaire and specific surveys were used...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433517/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-first-time-ami-a-descriptive-study
#6
Mandreker Bahall, Katija Khan
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may result in death, increased morbidity, and change in quality of life (QOL). This study explores health-related QOL of first-time patients following AMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a sample of patients with first-time AMI experienced between April 2011 and March 2015 at a tertiary health institution. Recruited patients belonged to different post-AMI periods: 2-10 weeks, 5-22 months, and > 22 months to 4 years post AMI...
February 13, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433196/trait-anxiety-and-self-concept-among-children-and-adolescents-with-food-neophobia
#7
Edurne Maiz, Nekane Balluerka
Food problems in children and adolescents often have a detrimental effect on the emotional and psychological wellbeing of their parents. However, the impact of such problems on the psychological wellbeing of children and adolescents themselves has been less widely studied. The purpose of this study was to determine whether children and adolescents with food neophobia differed in trait anxiety and dimensions of self-concept from their neophilic and their average peers. A community sample of 831 participants (368 males and 463 females) between the ages of 8 and 16 were classified into six groups based on scores obtained on the Spanish Child Food Neophobia Scale (i...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433085/patterns-of-body-image-concerns-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-latent-profile-analysis
#8
Svenja Hoffmann, Petra Warschburger
The present study aimed at identifying latent profiles of body image concerns in adolescents and young adults. Subsequently, associations between these profiles and potentially harmful behaviors are examined. Self-report data of 758 male and female adolescents, aged 14 to 22 years, were analyzed. Participants provided demographic and anthropometric data and completed surveys on weight/shape and muscularity concern as well as on disturbed eating behaviors and dysfunctional exercise. Latent profile analyses of weight/shape concern and muscularity concern were performed separately for each gender...
February 8, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427921/development-and-validation-of-pediatrac%C3%A2-a-web-based-tool-to-track-developing-infants
#9
Renée Lajiness-O'Neill, Judith Brooks, Angela Lukomski, Stephen Schilling, Alissa Huth-Bocks, Seth Warschausky, Ana-Mercedes Flores, Casey Swick, Tristin Nyman, Tiffany Andersen, Natalie Morris, Thomas A Schmitt, Jennifer Bell-Smith, Barbara Moir, Elise K Hodges, James E Lyddy
OBJECTIVE: PediaTrac™, a 363-item web-based tool to track infant development, administered in modules of ∼40-items per sampling period, newborn (NB), 2--, 4--, 6--, 9-- and 12--months was validated. Caregivers answered demographic, medical, and environmental questions, and questions covering the sensorimotor, feeding/eating, sleep, speech/language, cognition, social-emotional, and attachment domains. METHODS: Expert Panel Reviews and Cognitive Interviews (CI) were conducted to validate the item bank...
February 6, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427689/food-insecurity-diet-quality-and-body-mass-index-of-women-participating-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-the-role-of-intrapersonal-home-environment-community-and-social-factors
#10
Namrata Sanjeevi, Jeanne Freeland-Graves, Matthew Hersh
Obesity is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low-income populations. Moreover, participation in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been associated with obesity among low-income women. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of intrapersonal, home environment, community and social factors on diet quality and body mass index (BMI) of low-income women participating in SNAP. This study also aimed to examine the role of these factors in mediating the relationship between food insecurity and diet quality, and BMI...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423687/inducing-negative-affect-using-film-clips-with-general-and-eating-disorder-related-content
#11
Maria Koushiou, Kalia Nicolaou, Maria Karekla
The aim of the present study was to select appropriate film clips with a general vs. eating disorder (ED)-related content to induce negative affect. More specifically, the study examined the subjective emotional experience (valence, arousal, anxiety, induction of somatic symptoms, and ability to control reactions during film clips) of Greek-Cypriot university students (N = 79) in response to three types of film clips: general unpleasant, ED-specific unpleasant, and emotionally neutral. In addition, the study aimed to compare the emotional reactions to the aforementioned clips between two groups of participants differing on their risk for ED (high vs...
February 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423592/the-functional-link-between-tail-pinch-induced-food-intake-and-emotionality-and-its-possible-role-in-stress-coping-in-rats
#12
Nami Aso-Someya, Kimiya Narikiyo, Akira Masuda, Shuji Aou
Tail pinch facilitates eating in rats. We investigated an unidentified link between tail-pinch-induced eating behavior and individual emotionality in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Anxiety-like behavior was assessed on the elevated plus maze (EPM) and in the open field test (OFT). Tail-pinch-induced eating was observed as follows: After a 30-min habituation period, the tail pinch was applied for 5 min, followed by a 30-min recovery period. During the habituation and recovery periods, rats were allowed to access food ad libitum...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422699/social-network-members-who-engage-in-activities-with-older-adults-do-they-bring-more-social-benefits-than-other-members
#13
Sato Ashida, Daniel K Sewell, Ellen J Schafer, Audrey Schroer, Julia Friberg
Active participation in social activities is important for the well-being of older adults. This study explored benefits of active social engagement by evaluating whether relationships that comprise active involvement (e.g., co-engagement in activities) bring more social benefits (i.e., social support, companionship, positive social influence) than other relationships that do not involve co-engagement. A total of 133 adults ages 60 years and older living in a rural Midwestern city in the United States were interviewed once and provided information on 1,740 social network members...
2018: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417489/problematic-eating-behaviors-predict-outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery
#14
Lisa R Miller-Matero, Kelly Bryce, Caroline K Saulino, Kate E Dykhuis, Jeffrey Genaw, Arthur M Carlin
BACKGROUND: There are no clear psychosocial predictors of weight loss following bariatric surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperative problematic eating behaviors predict weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery. METHODS: Clinical records were utilized to examine outcomes of 101 patients who completed a pre-surgical psychosocial evaluation and underwent gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy. Information analyzed included binge eating history and scores from the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Yale Food Addiction Scale, and Emotional Eating Scale...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414146/a-content-analysis-of-an-online-pro-eating-disorder-community-on-reddit
#15
Shaina J Sowles, Monique McLeary, Allison Optican, Elizabeth Cahn, Melissa J Krauss, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
Pro-eating disorder communities provide a refuge for individuals with eating disorders (EDs) who are ambivalent about seeking treatment. We investigated a pro-ED community on Reddit, an anonymous social networking platform with topical forums, to identify expression of behaviors aligned with ED symptoms and support for these behaviors. A content analysis on four weeks of topic-specific discussion threads (N = 125 comments, 115 replies to comments) was conducted to identify behaviors consistent with ED psychopathology and support for these behaviors (informational, tangible assistance, esteem/emotional support)...
January 27, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413820/the-influence-of-non-clinical-eating-related-psychopathology-on-the-recognition-of-emotion-from-static-faces-and-realistic-social-interactions
#16
Deborah J Wallis, Nathan Ridout, Emma Sharpe
Emotion recognition deficits have consistently been reported in clinical and sub-clinical disordered eating. However, most studies have used static faces, despite the dynamic nature of everyday social interactions. The current aims were to confirm previous findings of emotion recognition deficits in non-clinical disordered eating and to determine if these deficits would be more evident in response to static as compared to dynamic emotional stimuli. We also aimed to establish if these emotion recognition deficits could be explained by comorbid psychopathology (depression, anxiety or alexithymia)...
January 31, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413818/drunkorexia-among-adolescents-the-role-of-motivations-and-emotion-regulation
#17
Sara Pompili, Fiorenzo Laghi
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of disordered eating and alcohol use and misuse has frequently been highlighted in literature. METHOD: The first aim of the present study was to examine the association of drunkorexia with various disordered eating behaviors and alcohol consumption in a sample of male and female adolescents. The second goal was to investigate the motivations underlying drunkorexia and the third goal was to examine the relationship between drunkorexia and different dimensions of emotion regulation...
January 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412036/understanding-the-impact-of-eating-disorders-using-the-reflecting-team-as-a-learning-strategy-for-students
#18
Alicia Stringfellow, Nicola Evans, Anne-Marie Evans
This article outlines how the application of a reflecting team from systemic family therapy practice was used as a learning strategy for a postgraduate programme for healthcare students. The programme was designed to increase the students' skills, knowledge and awareness of the needs of people with eating disorders, and their families. There were some benefits to this learning strategy. Students reported that the use of a reflecting team enabled them to gain a deep understanding of the emotional impact of eating disorders on individuals and their carers...
February 8, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411241/binge-eating-loss-of-control-over-eating-emotional-eating-and-night-eating-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-toronto-bari-psych-cohort-study
#19
Yasmin Nasirzadeh, Karin Kantarovich, Susan Wnuk, Allan Okrainec, Stephanie E Cassin, Raed Hawa, Sanjeev Sockalingam
OBJECTIVES: We explored the severity of binge eating, loss of control over eating, emotional eating, and night eating before bariatric surgery and annually for 3 years following surgery. We also assessed the impact of post-operative eating psychopathology on weight outcomes. METHODS: Eight hundred forty-four patients participated in this prospective cohort study. Demographic factors, self-report measures of eating pathology (BES, NEQ, EES, EDE-Q), and weights (kg) were collected pre-surgery and annually for 3 years after surgery...
February 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410008/changes-in-eating-behavior-and-plasma-leptin-in-children-with-obesity-participating-in-a-family-centered-lifestyle-intervention
#20
Tamara R Cohen, Tom J Hazell, Catherine A Vanstone, Celia Rodd, Hope A Weiler
The goal of childhood obesity lifestyle interventions are to positively change body composition, however it is unknown if interventions also modulate factors that are related to energy intake. This study aimed to examine changes in eating behaviors and plasma leptin concentrations in overweight and obese children participating in a 1-year family-centered lifestyle intervention. Interventions were based on Canadian diet and physical activity (PA) guidelines. Children were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: Control (Ctrl; no intervention), Standard treatment (StnTx: 2 servings milk and alternatives/day (d), 3x/wk weight-bearing PA), or Modified treatment (ModTx: 4 servings milk and alternatives/day; daily weight-bearing PA)...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
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