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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747648/resting-state-brain-connectivity-changes-in-obese-women-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Gaia Olivo, Wei Zhou, Magnus Sundbom, Christina Zhukovsky, Pleunie Hogenkamp, Lamia Nikontovic, Julia Stark, Lyle Wiemerslage, Elna-Marie Larsson, Christian Benedict, Helgi B Schiöth
Bariatric surgery is an effective method to rapidly induce weight loss in severely obese people, however its impact on brain functional connectivity after longer periods of follow-up is yet to be assessed. We investigated changes in connectivity in 16 severely obese women one month before, one month after and one year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). 12 lean controls were also enrolled. Resting-state fMRI was acquired for all participants following an overnight fast and after a 260 kcal load...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746738/an-exploratory-trial-of-a-health-education-programme-to-promote-healthy-lifestyles-through-the-social-and-emotional-competence-in-young-children-study-protocol
#2
Elena Bermejo-Martins, Olga López-Dicastillo, Agurtzane Mujika
AIM: To implement and evaluate a health education programme based on the development of social and emotional competence in young children. BACKGROUND: Children's social and emotional skills play a key role in the adoption and maintenance of their lifestyles. Currently, a more comprehensive perspective dealing with these aspects is needed to promote healthy habits in children and develop effective health education programmes. DESIGN: An exploratory randomized controlled trial...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745388/suicidal-ideation-and-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#3
Olalla Varela-Besteiro, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Virginia Rodríguez-Vicente, Marta Curet-Santisteban, Gemma Conangla-Roselló, Raquel Cecilia-Costa, Marta Carulla-Roig, Josep L Matalí-Costa, Montserrat Dolz-Abadia
INTRODUCTION: The presence of suicidal thoughts and self-injurious behaviors in patients with eating disorders (ED) is well-known; however, this association is currently not defined empirically. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents with eating disorders. A second objective is to study the association between self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation, severity of eating disorder symptoms and symptoms of depression and anxiety, motivation to change and perfectionism...
July 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739295/dispositional-mindfulness-and-reward-motivated-eating-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-mental-habit
#4
Naomi R Fisher, Bethan R Mead, Paul Lattimore, Peter Malinowski
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) for eating disorders, weight management and food craving is emerging and further studies are required to understand the underlying mechanisms of MBIs in these domains. The current study was designed to establish the role of specific mechanisms underlying the putative relationship between mindfulness and reward motivated eating. We predicted that mindfulness would be negatively related to features of reward motivated eating and that this association would be mediated by emotion regulation and habitual negative self-thinking...
July 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736544/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-eating-disordered-patients-associations-with-heart-rate-variability-and-state-trait-anxiety
#5
Cristina Giner-Bartolome, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Trevor Steward, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda
Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is commonly present in individuals with eating disorders (EDs) and is often employed as a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy to avoid or abate negative emotions. One of the most prevalent negative emotions experienced by self-injurers is anxiety; however, this emotion has not been extensively studied in this population. Thus, the aim of our study was to investigate the influence of anxiety on NSSI in patients with ED from two different dimensions: state anxiety and trait anxiety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735590/effects-of-psychological-eating-behaviour-domains-on-the-association-between-socio-economic-status-and-bmi
#6
Antje Löffler, Tobias Luck, Francisca S Then, Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Alexander Pabst, Peter Kovacs, Yvonne Böttcher, Jana Breitfeld, Anke Tönjes, Annette Horstmann, Markus Löffler, Christoph Engel, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Michael Stumvoll, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates potential pathways from socio-economic status (SES) to BMI in the adult population, considering psychological domains of eating behaviour (restrained eating, uncontrolled eating, emotional eating) as potential mediators stratified for sex. DESIGN: Data were derived from the population-based cross-sectional LIFE-Adult-Study. Parallel-mediation models were conducted to obtain the total, direct and indirect effects of psychological eating behaviour domains on the association between SES and BMI for men and for women...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#7
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728762/technology-to-support-motivational-interviewing
#8
Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Loretta C Ford, Heather Aldrich, Keri Bolton Oetzel, Paul Cook, Sarah Schmiege, Mary Wold
PURPOSE: This paper reports the findings of motivational interviewing (MI) training with and without technology support on school-based health center (SBHC) providers' satisfaction with MI training, providers' self-report of behavioral counseling related to childhood overweight/obesity, and parents' perception of care after training. DESIGN AND METHODS: The effects of training and technology on MI is part of a larger comparative effectiveness, cluster randomized trial...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719083/subtypes-of-personality-and-locus-of-control-in-bariatric-patients-and-their-effect-on-weight-loss-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#9
Carolin Peterhänsel, Katja Linde, Birgit Wagner, Arne Dietrich, Anette Kersting
The present study subdivided personality types in a bariatric sample and investigated their impact on weight loss and psychopathology 6 and 12 months after surgery. One hundred thirty participants answered questionnaires on personality (NEO-FFI), 'locus of control' (IPC), depression severity (BDI-II), eating disorder psychopathology (EDE-Q), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; SF-12). K-means cluster analyses were used to identify subtypes. Two subtypes emerged: an 'emotionally dysregulated/undercontrolled' cluster defined by high neuroticism and external orientation and a 'resilient/high functioning' cluster with the reverse pattern...
July 18, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718396/a-structured-literature-review-on-the-role-of-mindfulness-mindful-eating-and-intuitive-eating-in-changing-eating-behaviours-effectiveness-and-associated-potential-mechanisms
#10
Janet M Warren, Nicola Smith, Margaret Ashwell
The role of mindfulness, mindful eating and a newer concept of intuitive eating in modulating eating habits is an area of increasing interest. In this structured literature review, a summary of the current evidence is presented, together with details of interventions undertaken and the tools to measure outcomes. It is broad in scope given the emerging evidence base in this area. The review yielded sixty-eight publications: twenty-three interventions in obese/overweight populations; twenty-nine interventions in normal-weight populations; sixteen observational studies, three of which were carried out in overweight/obese populations...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#11
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713072/link-worker-social-prescribing-to-improve-health-and-well-being-for-people-with-long-term-conditions-qualitative-study-of-service-user-perceptions
#12
Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Sarah Lawson, Linda Penn, Nicola O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who are referred to and engage with a Link Worker social prescribing programme and identify the impact of the Link Worker programme on health and well-being. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with thematic analysis of the data. INTERVENTION: Link Worker social prescribing programme comprising personalised support to identify meaningful health and wellness goals, ongoing support to achieve agreed objectives and linkage into appropriate community services...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712976/repetitive-eating-questionnaire-rep-eat-q-enlightening-the-concept-of-grazing-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-portuguese-sample
#13
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Paulo P P Machado, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Botelho Simões, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Catarina Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Grazing has been associated with poor weight loss or weight regain in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, but research remains scarce and complicated by the use of different non-validated measures. The aim of this paper is to describe the validation of the Rep(eat)-Q, a self-report measure developed to assess grazing, and investigates its relationship with BMI and psychopathology. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1223 university students and community participants (non-clinical; Study A) and 154 pre-bariatric and 84 post-bariatric patients (Study B) completed a set of self-report measures, including the Rep(eat)-Q (worded in Portuguese), to assess disordered eating, depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity...
July 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712729/gene-by-cognition-interaction-on-stress-induced-attention-bias-for-food-effects-of-5-httlpr-and-ruminative-thinking
#14
Robbie Schepers, C Rob Markus
INTRODUCTION: Stress is often found to increase the preference and intake of high caloric foods. This effect is known as emotional eating and is influenced by cognitive as well as biological stress vulnerabilities. An S-allele of the 5-HTTLPR gene has been linked to decreased (brain) serotonin efficiency, leading to decreased stress resilience and increased risks for negative affect and eating related disturbances. Recently it has been proposed that a cognitive ruminative thinking style can further exacerbate the effect of this gene by prolonging the already increased stress response, thereby potentially increasing the risk of compensating by overeating high palatable foods...
July 13, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712432/alexithymia-in-eating-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-studies-using-the-toronto-alexithymia-scale
#15
REVIEW
Heather Westwood, Jess Kerr-Gaffney, Daniel Stahl, Kate Tchanturia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to synthesise the literature on the use of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) in eating disorder populations and Healthy Controls (HCs) and to compare TAS scores in these groups. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched systematically for studies using the TAS and meta-analyses were performed to statistically compare scores on the TAS between individuals with eating disorders and HCs. RESULTS: Forty-eight studies using the TAS with both a clinical eating disorder group and HCs were identified...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712381/parental-feeding-styles-young-children-s-fruit-vegetable-water-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-the-moderating-role-of-maternal-education-and-ethnic-background
#16
Maj-Britt Mr Inhulsen, Saskia Ym Mérelle, Carry M Renders
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between parental feeding styles and children's dietary intakes and the modifying effect of maternal education and children's ethnicity on these associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of parental feeding styles, assessed by the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire, and children's dietary intakes. Multiple regression analyses were carried out to assess the associations between the parental feeding styles studied ('control', 'emotional feeding', 'encouragement to eat' and 'instrumental feeding') and children's dietary intakes (consumption of fruit, vegetables, water and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB))...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711610/night-eating-among-veterans-with-obesity
#17
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
The obesity rate is higher among veterans than the general population, yet few studies have examined their eating behaviors, and none have examined the presence of night eating and related comorbidities. This study examines night eating syndrome (NES) among veterans seeking weight management treatment, and relationships between NES and weight, insomnia, disordered eating, and psychological variables. The sample consisted of 110 veterans referred to a weight management program at VA Connecticut Healthcare System...
July 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710918/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-an-update-on-the-field
#18
REVIEW
Alice Kesby, Sarah Maguire, Rachel Brownlow, Jessica R Grisham
Pathological fear and anxiety regarding food, eating, weight and body shape are at the core of eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. To manage anxiety, patients develop complicated repertoires of ritualistic and repetitive behaviours, which can lead to total functional impairment. Yet the cognitive processes underlying anxiety, fear, and anxiety-driven behaviours in EDs remain poorly understood. Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is defined as a tendency to react negatively on an emotional, cognitive, and behavioural level to uncertain situations and events...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710213/feeding-styles-parenting-styles-and-snacking-behaviour-in-children-attending-primary-schools-in-multiethnic-neighbourhoods-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Lu Wang, Vivian M van de Gaar, Wilma Jansen, Cathelijne L Mieloo, Amy van Grieken, Hein Raat
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether feeding styles and parenting styles are associated with children's unhealthy snacking behaviour and whether the associations differ according to children's ethnic background. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the population-based 'Water Campaign' study were used. Parents (n=644) of primary school children (6-13 years) completed a questionnaire covering sociodemographic characteristics, feeding style dimensions ('control over eating', 'emotional feeding', 'encouragement to eat' and 'instrumental feeding'), parenting style dimensions ('involvement' and 'strictness') and children's unhealthy snacking behaviour...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709960/eating-behavior-style-predicts-craving-and-anxiety-experienced-in-food-related-virtual-environments-by-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#20
Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sánchez, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
Eating behavior style (emotional, restrictive, or external) has been proposed as an explanation for the differences in response to food-related cues between people who overeat and those who do not, and has been also considered a target for the treatment of eating disorders (EDs) characterized by lack of control over eating and weight-related (overweight/obesity) conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating behavior style and psychophysiological responses (self-reported food craving and anxiety) to food-related virtual reality (VR) environments in outpatients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) and to compare them with healthy participants...
July 11, 2017: Appetite
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