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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233169/an-evidence-based-gamified-mhealth-intervention-for-overweight-young-adults-with-maladaptive-eating-habits-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Ioana R Podina, Liviu A Fodor, Ana Cosmoiu, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the first-line of treatment for overweight and obesity patients whose problems originate in maladaptive eating habits (e.g., emotional eating). However, in-person CBT is currently difficult to access by large segments of the population. The proposed SIGMA intervention (i.e., the Self-help, Integrated, and Gamified Mobile-phone Application) is a mHealth intervention based on CBT principles. It specifically targets overweight young adults with underlying maladaptive behaviors and cognitions regarding food...
December 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232577/attachment-and-motivational-systems-relevance-of-sensitivity-to-punishment-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#2
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valentina Cardi, Umberto Volpe, Giovanna Fico, Valeria Ruzzi, Francesca Pellegrino, Giovanni Castellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
An altered balance of reward and inhibition systems may explain Eating Disorder (ED) behaviors and could be related to difficulties in socio-emotional processing. According to attachment theory, early interaction with caregivers affects the ability to regulate emotion in adult interpersonal situation. The aim of our study was to investigate if insecure attachment may be related to ED symptomatology through changes in reward and inhibition systems. Seventy-eight people affected by EDs and 45 healthy controls (HC) filled in the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), the Behavioral Inhibition System-Behavioral Activation System Scale (BIS-BAS) and the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226823/multisensory-influence-on-eating-behavior-hedonic-consumption
#3
María Hernández Ruiz de Eguilaz, Blanca Martínez de Morentin Aldabe, Eva Almiron-Roig, Salomé Pérez-Diez, Rodrigo San Cristóbal Blanco, Santiago Navas-Carretero, J Alfredo Martínez
Research in obesity has traditionally focused on prevention strategies and treatments aimed at changing lifestyle habits. However, recent research suggests that eating behavior is a habit regulated not only by homeostatic mechanisms, but also by the hedonic pathway that controls appetite and satiety processes. Cognitive, emotional, social, economic, and cultural factors, as well as organoleptic properties of food, are basic aspects to consider in order to understand eating behavior and its impact on health...
December 6, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225975/correlation-between-traits-of-emotion-based-impulsivity-and-intrinsic-default-mode-network-activity
#4
Jizheng Zhao, Dardo Tomasi, Corinde E Wiers, Ehsan Shokri-Kojori, Şükrü B Demiral, Yi Zhang, Nora D Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang
Negative urgency (NU) and positive urgency (PU) are implicated in several high-risk behaviors, such as eating disorders, substance use disorders, and nonsuicidal self-injury behavior. The current study aimed to explore the possible link between trait of urgency and brain activity at rest. We assessed the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) of the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signal in 85 healthy volunteers. Trait urgency measures were related to ALFF in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, ventral and dorsal medial frontal cortex, anterior cingulate, and posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224485/assessment-of-dietary-factors-dietary-practices-and-exercise-on-mental-distress-in-young-adults-versus-matured-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Lina Begdache, Maher Chaar, Nasim Sabounchi, Hamed Kianmehr
The importance of the diet in modulating mental health is uncovering as many dietary factors have been described to alter brain chemistry. Brain maturation may not complete until the age of 30 which may explain the differential emotional control, mindset, and resilience between young adults and matured adults. As a result, dietary factors may influence mental health differently in these two populations. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary intake, dietary practices and exercise in young adults (YA) (18-29 years) versus matured adults (MA) (30 years and older) in relation to mental distress...
December 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209385/the-role-of-uncontrolled-eating-and-screen-time-in-the-link-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-weight-in-late-childhood
#6
Joung-Sook Ahn, Seongho Min, Min-Hyuk Kim
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the mediating roles of uncontrolled eating and sedentary behaviours in the link of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and weight. Methods: A total of 352 children in fifth and sixth grade participated in the present study by completing the self-rated Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and Children of Alcoholics Screening Test during regular classes. An additional questionnaire completed by their parents provided information about the children's ADHD and emotional symptoms, sedentary behaviour based on screen time, and parental variables...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203443/examination-of-emotion-induced-changes-in-eating-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-emotional-appetite-questionnaire
#7
L Bourdier, Y Morvan, G Kotbagi, L Kern, L Romo, S Berthoz
It is now recognized that emotions can influence food intake. While some people report eating less when distressed, others report either no change of eating or eating more in the same condition. The question whether this interindividual variability also occurs in response to positive emotions has been overlooked in most studies on Emotional Eating (EE). Using the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) and Latent Profile Analysis, this study aimed to examine the existence of latent emotion-induced changes in eating profiles, and explore how these profiles differ by testing their relations with 1) age and sex, 2) BMI and risk for eating disorders (ED) and 3) factors that are known to be associated with EE such as perceived positive/negative feelings, depression, anxiety, stress symptoms and impulsivity...
December 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197947/effects-of-a-dialectical-behavior-therapy-based-skills-group-intervention-for-obese-individuals-a-brazilian-pilot-study
#8
Ana Carolina Maciel Cancian, Lucas André Schuster de Souza, Ronald Patrick Araujo Liboni, Wagner de Lara Machado, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
PURPOSE: This pilot study aimed to analyze the effects of an adapted dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training group on problematic and adaptive eating behaviors in Brazilian obese individuals. METHODS: Thirty-one obese individuals were randomly assigned to 10 sessions of adapted DBT skills training (n = 14) or two months of a waiting list comparison condition (n = 17). RESULTS: Attrition rates were similar to what's been found in comparable studies, with most dropouts happening at the beginning of the treatment...
December 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193468/perceptions-and-experiences-of-nutritional-care-following-the-overwhelming-experience-of-lower-extremity-amputation-a-qualitative-study
#9
P S Jensen, S M Green, J Petersen, O Andersen, I Poulsen
INTRODUCTION: Good nutritional care of people following major lower extremity amputation is essential as poor nutritional status can lead to delayed wound healing. Working with patients to identify their perspectives on food, views on nutritional care and the need for dietary counselling enables the development of optimised nutritional care. AIM: To explore hospital patients' perspectives on food, dietary counselling, and their experiences of nutritional care following lower extremity amputation...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189978/disordered-eating-attitudes-and-emotional-behavioral-adjustment-in-greek-adolescents
#10
Flora Bacopoulou, Elizabeth Foskolos, Charikleia Stefanaki, Eleni Tsitsami, Eleni Vousoura
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between disordered eating attitudes and emotional/behavioral adjustment in Greek adolescents as well as the moderating role of gender and body mass index (BMI) in this relationship. METHODS: Ninety adolescents, 11-18 years old, were assessed using anthropometric measurements; demographics, eating attitudes and level of emotional/behavioral adjustment were examined via self-reported questionnaires. RESULTS: Disordered eating attitudes were prevalent in 17...
November 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183700/attachment-and-eating-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-relevance-of-attachment-for-unhealthy-and-healthy-eating-behaviors-in-the-general-population
#11
REVIEW
Aida Faber, Laurette Dubé, Bärbel Knäuper
Attachment relationships play an important role in people's wellbeing and affliction with physical and mental illnesses, including eating disorders. Seven reviews from the clinical field have consistently shown that higher attachment insecurity-failure to form trusting and reliable relationships with others-systematically characterized individuals with eating disorders. Nevertheless, to date, it is unclear whether (and if so how) these findings apply to the population at large. Consequently, the objective of the present meta-analysis is to quantify the relationship between attachment and unhealthy and healthy eating in the general population...
November 25, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180074/sweet-taste-of-prosocial-status-signaling-when-eating-organic-foods-makes-you-happy-and-hopeful
#12
Petteri Puska, Sami Kurki, Merja Lähdesmäki, Marjo Siltaoja, Harri Luomala
As the current research suggests that there are links between prosocial acts and status signaling (including sustainable consumer choices), we empirically study (with three experiments) whether food consumers go green to be seen. First, we examine how activating a motive for status influences prosocial organic food preferences. Then, we examine how the social visibility of the choice (private vs. public) affects these preferences. We found that when consumers' desire for status was elicited, they preferred organic food products significantly over their nonorganic counterparts; making the choice situation visible created the same effect...
November 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179017/intimate-partner-violence-and-disordered-eating-among-male-and-female-veterans
#13
Brooke A Bartlett, Katherine M Iverson, Karen S Mitchell
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects many women and men in the United States and has been associated with numerous mental health conditions, including disordered eating (DE). Veterans may be especially vulnerable to experiencing both of these serious problems given the unique aspects and stressors relevant to military culture, including high rates of trauma exposure. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of past-year IPV among independent samples of male (N = 642) and female (N = 198) veterans and to examine the association between past-year IPV and DE...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178023/emotion-self-regulation-moderates-the-association-between-symptoms-of-adhd-and-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#14
Tamara M Williamson, Tavis S Campbell, Jo Ann Telfer, Joshua A Rash
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the combined effect of pre-surgical emotion self-regulation (ESR) and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (sADHD, i.e., inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity) on weight loss 12 months following bariatric surgery independent of psychological distress and eating pathology. METHODS: Adults with obesity were recruited from a bariatric surgery specialty clinic in Canada. Patients completed measures of psychological distress (i...
November 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177049/a-10-year-follow-up-study-of-completers-versus-dropouts-following-treatment-with-an-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-eating-disorders
#15
Yuri Okamoto, Yoshie Miyake, Ichie Nagasawa, Kazuhiro Shishida
Background: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been recommended for the treatment of eating disorders, and group therapy is known to have certain advantages over individual therapy. The aim of the current study was to compare the 10-year prognosis of patients who completed integrated group CBT with those who dropped out and to examine the effect of completion of group CBT on the prognosis. Methods: The participants were 65 adult patients with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175441/emotional-ratings-of-high-and-low-calorie-food-are-differentially-associated-with-cognitive-restraint-and-dietary-restriction
#16
Sarah E Racine
Dietary restraint is a robust risk factor for binge eating and eating disorders, which may partially result from increased reward reactivity to food in individuals who attempt to diet. However, research examining the association between dietary restraint and reactivity to food cues is mixed. Mixed findings may reflect distinct relations between food cue reactivity and different dimensions of dietary behavior; attempts to diet (cognitive restraint) may be associated with increased positive evaluations of food, whereas actual reduction in food intake (dietary restriction) may be achieved through decreased reactivity to food cues...
November 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175296/eating-styles-in-major-depressive-disorder-results-from-a-large-scale-study
#17
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Tatjana van Strien, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
Depressed persons have been found to present disturbances in eating styles, but it is unclear whether eating styles are different in subgroups of depressed patients. We studied the association between depressive disorder, severity, course and specific depressive symptom profiles and unhealthy eating styles. Cross-sectional and course data from 1060 remitted depressed patients, 309 currently depressed patients and 381 healthy controls from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used. Depressive disorders (DSM-IV based psychiatric interview) and self-reported depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) were related to emotional, external and restrained eating (Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire) using analyses of covariance and linear regression...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173214/appetitive-drives-for-ultra-processed-food-products-and-the-ability-of-text-warnings-to-counteract-consumption-predispositions
#18
Isabel A David, Laura Krutman, María Carmen Fernández-Santaella, Jéssica R Andrade, Eduardo B Andrade, Leticia Oliveira, Mirtes G Pereira, Fabio S Gomes, Sonia Gleiser, José M Oliveira, Renata L Araújo, Eliane Volchan, Filipe Braga
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to (i) assess the appetitive drives evoked by the visual cues of ultra-processed food and drink products and (ii) investigate whether text warnings reduce appetitive drives and consumers' reported intentions to eat or drink ultra-processed products. DESIGN: In Study I, a well-established psychometric tool was applied to estimate the appetitive drives associated with ultra-processed products using sixty-four image representations...
November 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169511/longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-surgically-treated-advanced-t4-cancer-of-the-buccal-mucosa
#19
Manish Devendra Mair, Sudhir Nair, Santosh Nikam, Deepa Nair, Jai Prakash Agarwal, Pankaj Chaturvedi
OBJECTIVE: Quality of life (QOL) has become an important aspect of today's health care management. This study performed longitudinal assessment of QOL in patients with advanced cancers of the buccal mucosa (T4). We compared the QOL between patients who received adjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CTRT) and that of patients who received radiation therapy alone and assessed whether baseline QOL can predict disease recurrence. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of 225 patients with T4 buccal mucosal cancer...
December 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168937/managing-the-nutritional-needs-of-palliative-care-patients
#20
Teresa Day
The nutritional needs of patients receiving palliative care should be routinely assessed, taking into account disease trajectory and nutrition-related symptoms. The social and emotional aspects of eating and drinking should also be acknowledged; as should the distress that weight loss and anorexia engenders in patients and their families. Practical strategies to optimise nutritional intake are discussed. Open and sensitive communication of patients' needs and wishes is essential, especially when discussing complementary nutrition approaches...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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