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Amy Blakemore, Mark Hann, Kelly Howells, Maria Panagioti, Mark Sidaway, David Reeves, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: Patient Activation is defined as the knowledge, skill, and confidence a patient has in managing their health. Higher levels of patient activation are associated with better self-management, better health outcomes, and lower healthcare costs. Understanding the drivers of patient activation can allow better tailoring of patient support and interventions. There are few data on patient activation in UK patients with long-term conditions. METHODS: A prospective cohort design was used...
October 18, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Hannah B Anastasio, Maureen Grundy, Meredith L Birsner, Karin J Blakemore
BACKGROUND: Gestational alloimmune liver disease, a form of profound liver failure in the newborn, is the main underlying cause of the entity formerly known as neonatal hemochromatosis. Antepartum maternal intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been shown to prevent gestational alloimmune liver disease, which otherwise has a recurrence risk above 90% in subsequent pregnancies. CASE: A 30-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 0120, presented early in gestation. Her previous pregnancy had been complicated by fetal growth restriction, oligohydramnios, and ultimately fatal fulminant neonatal liver failure...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sophie Blakemore
Why did you become a nurse? It was a little unexpected, I had the experience of a family member being in hospital and was inspired by the work of nurses and the difference they made.
September 30, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
D Fuhrmann, L J Knoll, A L Sakhardande, M Speekenbrink, K C Kadosh, S-J Blakemore
Most studies on the development of face cognition abilities have focussed on childhood, with early maturation accounts contending that face cognition abilities are mature by 3-5 years. Late maturation accounts, in contrast, propose that some aspects of face cognition are not mature until at least 10 years. Here, we measured face memory and face perception, two core face cognition abilities, in 661 participants (397 females) in four age groups (younger adolescents (11.27-13.38 years); mid-adolescents (13.39-15...
2016: Scientific Reports
C B Hertenstein, K Blakemore, D L Hertenstein, C Lawson, V Corson, K Rock, K G Sagaser, J Crino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Brendan A Williams, James P McFadden, Tyler L Teurlings, Laurel C Blakemore
PURPOSE: Pediatric motocross injuries occur frequently and with significant associated morbidity; however, data are limited regarding injury occurring during competition. North Central Florida hosts an annual motocross competition with numerous pediatric competitors. We sought to evaluate the rate and severity of injuries sustained at this event over a multiyear period. Our primary hypothesis was that motocross injury rates and severity in competition exceed that of other competitive sports in this age group...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Alexander D Rider, David C Moore, Charles P Blakemore, Maxime Louis, Marie Lu, Giorgio Gratta
We present the results of a search for unknown interactions that couple to mass between an optically levitated microsphere and a gold-coated silicon cantilever. The scale and geometry of the apparatus enable a search for new forces that appear at distances below 100  μm and which would have evaded previous searches due to screening mechanisms. The data are consistent with electrostatic backgrounds and place upper limits on the strength of new interactions at <0.1  fN in the geometry tested. For the specific example of a chameleon interaction with an inverse power law potential, these results exclude matter couplings β>5...
September 2, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Chenguang Dai, Lili Zhao, Min Wang, Sichong Qian, Xiang Wang, Zhining Fan, Li Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endoscopy
Praveen Surendran, Fotios Drenos, Robin Young, Helen Warren, James P Cook, Alisa K Manning, Niels Grarup, Xueling Sim, Daniel R Barnes, Kate Witkowska, James R Staley, Vinicius Tragante, Taru Tukiainen, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Nicholas Masca, Daniel F Freitag, Teresa Ferreira, Olga Giannakopoulou, Andrew Tinker, Magdalena Harakalova, Evelin Mihailov, Chunyu Liu, Aldi T Kraja, Sune Fallgaard Nielsen, Asif Rasheed, Maria Samuel, Wei Zhao, Lori L Bonnycastle, Anne U Jackson, Narisu Narisu, Amy J Swift, Lorraine Southam, Jonathan Marten, Jeroen R Huyghe, Alena Stančáková, Cristiano Fava, Therese Ohlsson, Angela Matchan, Kathleen E Stirrups, Jette Bork-Jensen, Anette P Gjesing, Jukka Kontto, Markus Perola, Susan Shaw-Hawkins, Aki S Havulinna, He Zhang, Louise A Donnelly, Christopher J Groves, N William Rayner, Matt J Neville, Neil R Robertson, Andrianos M Yiorkas, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Eero Kajantie, Weihua Zhang, Sara M Willems, Lars Lannfelt, Giovanni Malerba, Nicole Soranzo, Elisabetta Trabetti, Niek Verweij, Evangelos Evangelou, Alireza Moayyeri, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Christopher P Nelson, Alaitz Poveda, Tibor V Varga, Muriel Caslake, Anton J M de Craen, Stella Trompet, Jian'an Luan, Robert A Scott, Sarah E Harris, David C M Liewald, Riccardo Marioni, Cristina Menni, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Göran Hallmans, Frida Renström, Jennifer E Huffman, Maija Hassinen, Stephen Burgess, Ramachandran S Vasan, Janine F Felix, Maria Uria-Nickelsen, Anders Malarstig, Dermot F Reilly, Maarten Hoek, Thomas F Vogt, Honghuang Lin, Wolfgang Lieb, Matthew Traylor, Hugh S Markus, Heather M Highland, Anne E Justice, Eirini Marouli, Jaana Lindström, Matti Uusitupa, Pirjo Komulainen, Timo A Lakka, Rainer Rauramaa, Ozren Polasek, Igor Rudan, Olov Rolandsson, Paul W Franks, George Dedoussis, Timothy D Spector, Pekka Jousilahti, Satu Männistö, Ian J Deary, John M Starr, Claudia Langenberg, Nick J Wareham, Morris J Brown, Anna F Dominiczak, John M Connell, J Wouter Jukema, Naveed Sattar, Ian Ford, Chris J Packard, Tõnu Esko, Reedik Mägi, Andres Metspalu, Rudolf A de Boer, Peter van der Meer, Pim van der Harst, Giovanni Gambaro, Erik Ingelsson, Lars Lind, Paul I W de Bakker, Mattijs E Numans, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, Eva R B Petersen, Eeva Korpi-Hyövälti, Heikki Oksa, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Alexandra I F Blakemore, Steve Franks, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Lise L Husemoen, Allan Linneberg, Tea Skaaby, Betina Thuesen, Fredrik Karpe, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Alex S F Doney, Andrew D Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Oddgeir Lingaas Holmen, Kristian Hveem, Cristen J Willer, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Leif Groop, AnneMari Käräjämäki, Aarno Palotie, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Dewan S Alam, Abdulla Al Shafi Majumder, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Rajiv Chowdhury, Mark I McCarthy, Neil Poulter, Alice V Stanton, Peter Sever, Philippe Amouyel, Dominique Arveiler, Stefan Blankenberg, Jean Ferrières, Frank Kee, Kari Kuulasmaa, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Giovanni Veronesi, Jarmo Virtamo, Panos Deloukas, Paul Elliott, Eleftheria Zeggini, Sekar Kathiresan, Olle Melander, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Sandosh Padmanabhan, David J Porteous, Caroline Hayward, Generation Scotland, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Michael Boehnke, Heather M Stringham, Philippe Frossard, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Martin D Tobin, Børge Grønne Nordestgaard, Mark J Caulfield, Anubha Mahajan, Andrew P Morris, Maciej Tomaszewski, Nilesh J Samani, Danish Saleheen, Folkert W Asselbergs, Cecilia M Lindgren, John Danesh, Louise V Wain, Adam S Butterworth, Joanna M M Howson, Patricia B Munroe
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature death. However, there is limited knowledge on specific causal genes and pathways. To better understand the genetics of blood pressure, we genotyped 242,296 rare, low-frequency and common genetic variants in up to 192,763 individuals and used ∼155,063 samples for independent replication. We identified 30 new blood pressure- or hypertension-associated genetic regions in the general population, including 3 rare missense variants in RBM47, COL21A1 and RRAS with larger effects (>1...
October 2016: Nature Genetics
Sophie Blakemore
Why did you become an emergency nurse? I was fortunate when I was a student to have a placement in St Thomas' emergency department (ED) and I had a great mentor who made it an exciting learning environment, so I had my eye on the ED back then.
September 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
George Tharakan, Rebecca Scott, Olivia Szepietowski, Alexander D Miras, Alexandra I Blakemore, Sanjay Purkayastha, Ahmed Ahmed, Harvinder Chahal, Tricia Tan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the predictive power of the DiaRem score following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to identify patients who would have diabetes remission at 1 year in an ethnically diverse population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 262 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent RYGB at the Imperial Weight Centre, UK, from 2007 to 2014. Data was collected on the parameters required to calculate the DiaRem score as well as pre- and post-surgical weight and the ethnicity of the subjects...
September 10, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Benjamin J Place, Matt J Perkins, Ewan Sinclair, Adam L Barsamian, Paul R Blakemore, Jennifer A Field
After the April 2010 explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, and subsequent release of millions of barrels of oil, two Corexit oil dispersant formulations were used in unprecedented quantities both on the surface and sub-surface of the Gulf of Mexico. Although the dispersant formulations contain four classes of surfactants, current studies to date focus on the anionic surfactant, bis-(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (DOSS). Factors affecting the integrity of environmental and laboratory samples for Corexit analysis have not been systematically investigated...
July 2016: Deep-sea Research. Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography
Zhenhua Wu, Xun Sun, Kristin Potter, Yang Cao, Lev N Zakharov, Paul R Blakemore
1-Aryl-1,2-dialkylethenes were generated by a sequence of electrophilic substitution, 1,2-metalate rearrangement, and β-elimination initiated by the addition of enantioenriched α-(carbamoyloxy)alkylboronates to enantioenriched lithiated carbamates. The carbenoid stereochemical pairing [i.e., "like"=(S)+(S) or "unlike"=(S)+(R)] and the elimination mechanism (syn or anti), not substituent effects, determined the configuration of the trisubstituted alkene target. For example, (Z)-2,5-diphenyl-2-pentene was produced in 70 % yield with E/Z=5:95 by a like combination of Li and B carbenoids and syn (thermal) elimination whereas the E isomer was obtained in the same yield with E/Z>98:2 by an otherwise identical process involving an unlike stereochemical pairing...
September 26, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Sophie Blakemore
What is your job? As nurse director I lead nursing strategy, and the approaches to care and nursing standards, in the mental health and learning disabilities service delivery unit for Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board.
September 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
Peter A Coventry, Peter Bower, Amy Blakemore, Liz Baker, Mark Hann, Angela Paisley, Charlotte Renwick, Jinshuo Li, Atushi Ugajin, Martin Gibson
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is highly prevalent and contributes to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Behaviour change interventions that target health and lifestyle factors associated with the onset of diabetes can delay progression to diabetes, but many approaches rely on intensive one-to-one contact by specialists. Health coaching is an approach based on motivational interviewing that can potentially deliver behaviour change interventions by non-specialists at a larger scale. This trial protocol describes a randomized controlled trial (CATFISH) that tests whether a web-enhanced telephone health coaching intervention (IGR3) is more acceptable and efficient than a telephone-only health coaching intervention (IGR2) for people with prediabetes (impaired glucose regulation)...
2016: Trials
Brendon J McNicholas, James D Blakemore, Alice B Chang, Christopher M Bates, Wesley W Kramer, Robert H Grubbs, Harry B Gray
The electrochemical characterization of brush polymer ion gels containing embedded small-molecule redox-active species is reported. Gels comprising PS-PEO-PS triblock brush polymer, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (BMIm-TFSI), and some combination of ferrocene (Fc), cobaltocenium (CoCp2(+)), and Re(bpy)(CO)3Cl (1) exhibit diffusion-controlled redox processes with diffusion coefficients approximately one-fifth of those observed in neat BMIm-TFSI. Notably, 1 dissolves homogeneously in the interpenetrating matrix domain of the ion gel and displays electrocatalytic CO2 reduction to CO in the gel...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Emma J Kilford, Emily Garrett, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
Social cognitive processes are critical in navigating complex social interactions and are associated with a network of brain areas termed the 'social brain'. Here, we describe the development of social cognition, and the structural and functional changes in the social brain during adolescence, a period of life characterised by extensive changes in social behaviour and environments. Neuroimaging and behavioural studies have demonstrated that the social brain and social cognition undergo significant development in human adolescence...
November 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Alvaro Duque, Zeljka Krsnik, Ivica Kostović, Pasko Rakic
The subplate (SP) was the last cellular compartment added to the Boulder Committee's list of transient embryonic zones [Bystron I, Blakemore C, Rakic P (2008) Nature Rev Neurosci 9(2):110-122]. It is highly developed in human and nonhuman primates, but its origin, mode, and dynamics of development, resolution, and eventual extinction are not well understood because human postmortem tissue offers only static descriptive data, and mice cannot serve as an adequate experimental model for the distinct regional differences in primates...
August 30, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Naoko Kozuki, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, Ram K Ghimire, Sharma Paudel, Karin Blakemore, Christine Bird, James M Tielsch, Steven C LeClerq, Joanne Katz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of ultrasonographic task shifting by estimating the accuracy at which primary-level health care workers can perform community-based third-trimester ultrasound diagnosis for selected obstetric risk factors in rural Nepal. METHODS: Three auxiliary nurse-midwives received two 1-week ultrasound trainings at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Kathmandu. At a study site in rural Nepal, pregnant women who were 32 weeks of gestation or greater were enrolled and received ultrasound examinations from the auxiliary nurse-midwives during home visits...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Maurizio G Paoletti, Robert J Blakemore, Csaba Csuzdi, Luca Dorigo, Angelo Leandro Dreon, Federico Gavinelli, Francesca Lazzarini, Nicola Manno, Enzo Moretto, David Porco, Enrico Ruzzier, Vladimiro Toniello, Andrea Squartini, Giuseppe Concheri, Marina Zanardo, Javer Alba-Tercedor
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151799.].
2016: PloS One
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