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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993132/performance-of-the-g4-xpert-%C3%A2-mtb-rif-assay-for-the-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-and-rifampin-resistance-a-retrospective-case-control-study-of-analytical-and-clinical-samples-from-high-and-low-tuberculosis-prevalence-settings
#1
Nila J Dharan, Robert Blakemore, Alex Sloutsky, Devinder Kaur, Richard C Alexander, Minoo Ghajar, Kimberlee A Musser, Vincent E Escuyer, Marie-Claire Rowlinson, Susanne Crowe, Rafael Laniado-Laborin, Eloise Valli, Pamela Nabeta, Pamela Johnson, David Alland
BACKGROUND: The Xpert(®) MTB/RIF (Xpert) assay is a rapid PCR-based assay for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA (MTBc) and mutations associated with rifampin resistance (RIF). An updated version introduced in 2011, the G4 Xpert, included modifications to probe B and updated analytic software. METHODS: An analytical study was performed to assess Xpert detection of mutations associated with rifampin resistance in rifampin-susceptible and -resistant isolates...
December 20, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991874/response-to-protocol-review-scenario-training-and-education
#2
Melodie Blakemore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979788/multivariate-dynamical-modelling-of-structural-change-during-development
#3
Gabriel Ziegler, Gerard R Ridgway, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, John Ashburner, Will Penny
Here we introduce a multivariate framework for characterising longitudinal changes in structural MRI using dynamical systems. The general approach enables modelling changes of states in multiple imaging biomarkers typically observed during brain development, plasticity, ageing and degeneration, e.g. regional gray matter volume of multiple regions of interest (ROIs). Structural brain states follow intrinsic dynamics according to a linear system with additional inputs accounting for potential driving forces of brain development...
December 13, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890934/egr2-mutations-define-a-new-clinically-aggressive-subgroup-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#4
E Young, D Noerenberg, L Mansouri, V Ljungström, M Frick, L-A Sutton, S J Blakemore, J Galan-Sousa, K Plevova, P Baliakas, D Rossi, R Clifford, D Roos-Weil, V Navrkalova, B Dörken, C A Schmitt, K E Smedby, G Juliusson, B Giacopelli, J S Blachly, C Belessi, P Panagiotidis, N Chiorazzi, F Davi, A W Langerak, D Oscier, A Schuh, G Gaidano, P Ghia, W Xu, L Fan, O A Bernard, F Nguyen-Khac, L Rassenti, J Li, T J Kipps, K Stamatopoulos, S Pospisilova, T Zenz, C C Oakes, J C Strefford, R Rosenquist, F Damm
Recurrent mutations within EGR2 were recently reported in advanced-stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and associated with a worse outcome. To study their prognostic impact, 2403 CLL patients were examined for mutations in the EGR2 hotspot region including a screening (n=1283) and two validation cohorts (UK CLL4 trial patients, n=366; CLL Research Consortium (CRC) patients, n=490). Targeted deep-sequencing of 27 known/postulated CLL driver genes was also performed in 38 EGR2-mutated patients to assess concurrent mutations...
January 3, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843137/pi3k%C3%AE-inhibition-elicits-anti-leukemic-effects-through-bim-dependent-apoptosis
#5
M J Carter, K L Cox, S J Blakemore, A H Turaj, R J Oldham, L N Dahal, S Tannheimer, F Forconi, G Packham, M S Cragg
PI3Kδ plays pivotal roles in the maintenance, proliferation and survival of malignant B-lymphocytes. Although not curative, PI3Kδ inhibitors (PI3Kδi) demonstrate impressive clinical efficacy and, alongside other signaling inhibitors, are revolutionizing the treatment of hematological malignancies. However, only limited in vivo data are available regarding their mechanism of action. With the rising number of novel treatments, the challenge is to identify combinations that deliver curative regimes. A deeper understanding of the molecular mechanism is required to guide these selections...
December 20, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833013/how-emotion-context-modulates-unconscious-goal-activation-during-motor-force-exertion
#6
Rebekah L Blakemore, Rémi Neveu, Patrik Vuilleumier
Priming participants with emotional or action-related concepts influences goal formation and motor force output during effort exertion tasks, even without awareness of priming information. However, little is known about neural processes underpinning how emotional cues interact with action (or inaction) goals to motivate (or demotivate) motor behaviour. In a novel functional neuroimaging paradigm, visible emotional images followed by subliminal action or inaction word primes were presented before participants performed a maximal force exertion...
November 7, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815519/a-window-of-opportunity-for-cognitive-training-in-adolescence
#7
Lisa J Knoll, Delia Fuhrmann, Ashok L Sakhardande, Fabian Stamp, Maarten Speekenbrink, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
In the current study, we investigated windows for enhanced learning of cognitive skills during adolescence. Six hundred thirty-three participants (11-33 years old) were divided into four age groups, and each participant was randomly allocated to one of three training groups. Each training group completed up to 20 days of online training in numerosity discrimination (i.e., discriminating small from large numbers of objects), relational reasoning (i.e., detecting abstract relationships between groups of items), or face perception (i...
November 4, 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783255/targeting-the-protein-ubiquitination-machinery-in-melanoma-by-the-nedd8-activating-enzyme-inhibitor-pevonedistat-mln4924
#8
Kit Man Wong, Lindsey N Micel, Heather M Selby, Aik Choon Tan, Todd M Pitts, Stacey M Bagby, Anna Spreafico, Peter J Klauck, Stephen J Blakemore, Peter F Smith, Alice McDonald, Allison Berger, John J Tentler, S Gail Eckhardt
Background The neddylation pathway conjugates NEDD8 to cullin-RING ligases and controls the proteasomal degradation of specific proteins involved in essential cell processes. Pevonedistat (MLN4924) is a selective small molecule targeting the NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) and inhibits an early step in neddylation, resulting in DNA re-replication, cell cycle arrest and death. We investigated the anti-tumor potential of pevonedistat in preclinical models of melanoma. Methods Melanoma cell lines and patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDTX) treated with pevonedistat were assessed for viability/apoptosis and tumor growth, respectively, to identify sensitive/resistant models...
October 25, 2016: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773930/non-coding-notch1-mutations-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-their-clinical-impact-in-the-uk-cll4-trial
#9
M Larrayoz, M J J Rose-Zerilli, L Kadalayil, H Parker, S Blakemore, J Forster, Z Davis, A J Steele, A Collins, M Else, D Catovsky, D G Oscier, J C Strefford
Leukemia accepted article preview online, 24 October 2016. doi:10.1038/leu.2016.298.
October 24, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756341/patient-activation-in-older-people-with-long-term-conditions-and-multimorbidity-correlates-and-change-in-a-cohort-study-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
Amy Blakemore, Mark Hann, Kelly Howells, Maria Panagioti, Mark Sidaway, David Reeves, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: Patient Activation is defined as the knowledge, skill, and confidence a patient has in managing their health. Higher levels of patient activation are associated with better self-management, better health outcomes, and lower healthcare costs. Understanding the drivers of patient activation can allow better tailoring of patient support and interventions. There are few data on patient activation in UK patients with long-term conditions. METHODS: A prospective cohort design was used...
October 18, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741190/gestational-alloimmune-liver-disease-a-devastating-condition-preventable-with-maternal-intravenous-immunoglobulin
#11
Hannah B Anastasio, Maureen Grundy, Meredith L Birsner, Karin J Blakemore
BACKGROUND: Gestational alloimmune liver disease, a form of profound liver failure in the newborn, is the main underlying cause of the entity formerly known as neonatal hemochromatosis. Antepartum maternal intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been shown to prevent gestational alloimmune liver disease, which otherwise has a recurrence risk above 90% in subsequent pregnancies. CASE: A 30-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 0120, presented early in gestation. Her previous pregnancy had been complicated by fetal growth restriction, oligohydramnios, and ultimately fatal fulminant neonatal liver failure...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686919/the-art-of-the-possible
#12
Sophie Blakemore
Why did you become a nurse? It was a little unexpected, I had the experience of a family member being in hospital and was inspired by the work of nurses and the difference they made.
September 30, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647477/perception-and-recognition-of-faces-in-adolescence
#13
D Fuhrmann, L J Knoll, A L Sakhardande, M Speekenbrink, K C Kadosh, S-J Blakemore
Most studies on the development of face cognition abilities have focussed on childhood, with early maturation accounts contending that face cognition abilities are mature by 3-5 years. Late maturation accounts, in contrast, propose that some aspects of face cognition are not mature until at least 10 years. Here, we measured face memory and face perception, two core face cognition abilities, in 661 participants (397 females) in four age groups (younger adolescents (11.27-13.38 years); mid-adolescents (13.39-15...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647145/ep12-02-extending-the-window-for-genetic-screening-sonograms-needs-assessment-for-an-ultrasound-based-down-s-syndrome-risk-model-up-to-24-weeks-gestation
#14
C B Hertenstein, K Blakemore, D L Hertenstein, C Lawson, V Corson, K Rock, K G Sagaser, J Crino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636910/pediatric-injuries-at-an-annual-motocross-competition-rates-and-severity
#15
Brendan A Williams, James P McFadden, Tyler L Teurlings, Laurel C Blakemore
PURPOSE: Pediatric motocross injuries occur frequently and with significant associated morbidity; however, data are limited regarding injury occurring during competition. North Central Florida hosts an annual motocross competition with numerous pediatric competitors. We sought to evaluate the rate and severity of injuries sustained at this event over a multiyear period. Our primary hypothesis was that motocross injury rates and severity in competition exceed that of other competitive sports in this age group...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636465/search-for-screened-interactions-associated-with-dark-energy-below-the-100%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-length-scale
#16
Alexander D Rider, David C Moore, Charles P Blakemore, Maxime Louis, Marie Lu, Giorgio Gratta
We present the results of a search for unknown interactions that couple to mass between an optically levitated microsphere and a gold-coated silicon cantilever. The scale and geometry of the apparatus enable a search for new forces that appear at distances below 100  μm and which would have evaded previous searches due to screening mechanisms. The data are consistent with electrostatic backgrounds and place upper limits on the strength of new interactions at <0.1  fN in the geometry tested. For the specific example of a chameleon interaction with an inverse power law potential, these results exclude matter couplings β>5...
September 2, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626208/endoscopic-retrieval-followed-by-compression-hemostasis-using-a-sengstaken-blakemore-tube-to-manage-a-foreign-body-with-suspected-aortic-injury
#17
Chenguang Dai, Lili Zhao, Min Wang, Sichong Qian, Xiang Wang, Zhining Fan, Li Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618447/trans-ancestry-meta-analyses-identify-rare-and-common-variants-associated-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension
#18
Praveen Surendran, Fotios Drenos, Robin Young, Helen Warren, James P Cook, Alisa K Manning, Niels Grarup, Xueling Sim, Daniel R Barnes, Kate Witkowska, James R Staley, Vinicius Tragante, Taru Tukiainen, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Nicholas Masca, Daniel F Freitag, Teresa Ferreira, Olga Giannakopoulou, Andrew Tinker, Magdalena Harakalova, Evelin Mihailov, Chunyu Liu, Aldi T Kraja, Sune Fallgaard Nielsen, Asif Rasheed, Maria Samuel, Wei Zhao, Lori L Bonnycastle, Anne U Jackson, Narisu Narisu, Amy J Swift, Lorraine Southam, Jonathan Marten, Jeroen R Huyghe, Alena Stančáková, Cristiano Fava, Therese Ohlsson, Angela Matchan, Kathleen E Stirrups, Jette Bork-Jensen, Anette P Gjesing, Jukka Kontto, Markus Perola, Susan Shaw-Hawkins, Aki S Havulinna, He Zhang, Louise A Donnelly, Christopher J Groves, N William Rayner, Matt J Neville, Neil R Robertson, Andrianos M Yiorkas, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Eero Kajantie, Weihua Zhang, Sara M Willems, Lars Lannfelt, Giovanni Malerba, Nicole Soranzo, Elisabetta Trabetti, Niek Verweij, Evangelos Evangelou, Alireza Moayyeri, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Christopher P Nelson, Alaitz Poveda, Tibor V Varga, Muriel Caslake, Anton J M de Craen, Stella Trompet, Jian'an Luan, Robert A Scott, Sarah E Harris, David C M Liewald, Riccardo Marioni, Cristina Menni, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Göran Hallmans, Frida Renström, Jennifer E Huffman, Maija Hassinen, Stephen Burgess, Ramachandran S Vasan, Janine F Felix, Maria Uria-Nickelsen, Anders Malarstig, Dermot F Reilly, Maarten Hoek, Thomas F Vogt, Honghuang Lin, Wolfgang Lieb, Matthew Traylor, Hugh S Markus, Heather M Highland, Anne E Justice, Eirini Marouli, Jaana Lindström, Matti Uusitupa, Pirjo Komulainen, Timo A Lakka, Rainer Rauramaa, Ozren Polasek, Igor Rudan, Olov Rolandsson, Paul W Franks, George Dedoussis, Timothy D Spector, Pekka Jousilahti, Satu Männistö, Ian J Deary, John M Starr, Claudia Langenberg, Nick J Wareham, Morris J Brown, Anna F Dominiczak, John M Connell, J Wouter Jukema, Naveed Sattar, Ian Ford, Chris J Packard, Tõnu Esko, Reedik Mägi, Andres Metspalu, Rudolf A de Boer, Peter van der Meer, Pim van der Harst, Giovanni Gambaro, Erik Ingelsson, Lars Lind, Paul I W de Bakker, Mattijs E Numans, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, Eva R B Petersen, Eeva Korpi-Hyövälti, Heikki Oksa, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Alexandra I F Blakemore, Steve Franks, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Lise L Husemoen, Allan Linneberg, Tea Skaaby, Betina Thuesen, Fredrik Karpe, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Alex S F Doney, Andrew D Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Oddgeir Lingaas Holmen, Kristian Hveem, Cristen J Willer, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Leif Groop, AnneMari Käräjämäki, Aarno Palotie, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Dewan S Alam, Abdulla Al Shafi Majumder, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Rajiv Chowdhury, Mark I McCarthy, Neil Poulter, Alice V Stanton, Peter Sever, Philippe Amouyel, Dominique Arveiler, Stefan Blankenberg, Jean Ferrières, Frank Kee, Kari Kuulasmaa, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Giovanni Veronesi, Jarmo Virtamo, Panos Deloukas, Paul Elliott, Eleftheria Zeggini, Sekar Kathiresan, Olle Melander, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Sandosh Padmanabhan, David J Porteous, Caroline Hayward, Generation Scotland, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Michael Boehnke, Heather M Stringham, Philippe Frossard, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Martin D Tobin, Børge Grønne Nordestgaard, Mark J Caulfield, Anubha Mahajan, Andrew P Morris, Maciej Tomaszewski, Nilesh J Samani, Danish Saleheen, Folkert W Asselbergs, Cecilia M Lindgren, John Danesh, Louise V Wain, Adam S Butterworth, Joanna M M Howson, Patricia B Munroe
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature death. However, there is limited knowledge on specific causal genes and pathways. To better understand the genetics of blood pressure, we genotyped 242,296 rare, low-frequency and common genetic variants in up to 192,763 individuals and used ∼155,063 samples for independent replication. We identified 30 new blood pressure- or hypertension-associated genetic regions in the general population, including 3 rare missense variants in RBM47, COL21A1 and RRAS with larger effects (>1...
October 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615349/testing-the-limits-of-skills-knowledge-and-resolve
#19
Sophie Blakemore
Why did you become an emergency nurse? I was fortunate when I was a student to have a placement in St Thomas' emergency department (ED) and I had a great mentor who made it an exciting learning environment, so I had my eye on the ED back then.
September 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613192/limitations-of-the-diarem-score-in-predicting-remission-of-diabetes-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-rygb-in-an-ethnically-diverse-population-from-a-single-institution-in-the-uk
#20
George Tharakan, Rebecca Scott, Olivia Szepietowski, Alexander D Miras, Alexandra I Blakemore, Sanjay Purkayastha, Ahmed Ahmed, Harvinder Chahal, Tricia Tan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the predictive power of the DiaRem score following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to identify patients who would have diabetes remission at 1 year in an ethnically diverse population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 262 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent RYGB at the Imperial Weight Centre, UK, from 2007 to 2014. Data was collected on the parameters required to calculate the DiaRem score as well as pre- and post-surgical weight and the ethnicity of the subjects...
September 10, 2016: Obesity Surgery
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