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Deniz Turan, Monika Gibis, Gurbuz Gunes, Stefan K Baier, Jochen Weiss
The conjugation reaction of electrospun fibers of a mixture of whey protein isolate (WPI) and dextran using different molecular weights (40, 70, and 100 kDa) and mixing ratios was studied. This study includes the electrospinnability of a mixture of WPI and dextran, and the conjugation reaction between them via the initial stage of the Maillard reaction. The WPI-dextran fibers were characterized using optical and transmission electron microscopy. The covalent attachment of dextran to WPI was confirmed using sodium-dodecyl-sulfate-polyacrylamide gel-electrophoresis with protein and glycoprotein staining...
March 15, 2018: Food & Function
Corina L Reichert, Hanna Salminen, Gabriela Badolato Bönisch, Christian Schäfer, Jochen Weiss
HYPOTHESIS: This study examined the emulsifying properties of mixed surfactant systems of Quillaja saponins and food-grade co-surfactants (Na-caseinate, pea protein, rapeseed lecithin, and egg lecithin). We hypothesized to these mixtures may build mixed adsorption layers and thus enhance emulsion stabilization. EXPERIMENTS: Oil-in-water emulsions (10%, pH 7) were prepared with different concentrations of co-surfactants (0.1-5.0%) alone or mixed with Quillaja saponins (0...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
David R Johnson, Robert E Boyd, Anthony J Bednar, Charles A Weiss, Matt S Hull, Jessica G Coleman, Alan J Kennedy, Cynthia J Banks, Jeffery A Steevens
The synthesis of carbon-based nanomaterials is often inefficient, generating large amounts of soot with metals as waste by-product. Currently, there are no specific regulations for disposal of engineered nanomaterials or the waste by-products resulting from their synthesis, so it is presumed that by-products are disposed of the same as the parent (bulk) materials. Here we study the terrestrial toxicity of soot from gadolinium metallofullerene nanomanufacturing on earthworms (Eisenia fetida) and isopods (Porcellio scaber)...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Benjamin Zeeb, Vanessa Schöck, Nicole Schmid, Lisa Majer, Kurt Herrmann, Jörg Hinrichs, Jochen Weiss
Process-stable complexes composed of whey protein isolate (WPI) and sugar beet pectin have great potential as structuring agents or fat replacers in foods. The current study investigates the compatibility of heated WPI : pectin complexes in different meat matrices. Spreadable raw-fermented sausages and sliceable emulsion-type sausages were therefore manufactured containing biopolymer complexes with various WPI : pectin ratios r (2 : 1, 8 : 1). Macro- and microstructural properties of the meat dispersions were analyzed in terms of colour, texture, rheometry, sensory, and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) measurements...
February 22, 2018: Food & Function
Peter J Leary, Edward Hess, Anna E Barón, Kelley R Branch, Gaurav Choudhary, Catherine L Hough, Bradley A Maron, David D Ralph, John J Ryan, Ryan J Tedford, Noel S Weiss, Roham T Zamanian, Tim Lahm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Peter Weiss-Penzias, Armin Sorooshian, Kenneth Coale, Wesley Heim, Ewan Crosbie, Hossein Dadashazar, Alexander B MacDonald, Zhen Wang, Haflidi Jonsson
Water samples from marine stratus clouds were collected during 16 aircraft flights above the Pacific Ocean near the Central California coast during the summer of 2016. These samples were analyzed for total mercury (THg), monomethyl mercury (MMHg) and 32 other chemical species in addition to aerosol physical parameters. The mean concentrations of THg and MMHg in the cloud water samples were 9.2 ± 6.0 ng L-1 (2.3-33.8 ng L-1) (N = 97) and 0.87 ± 0.66 ng L-1 (0.17-2.9 ng L-1) (N = 22), respectively. This corresponds to 9...
February 5, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
John C Thomas, Dominic P Goronzy, Andrew C Serino, Harsharn S Auluck, Olivia R Irving, Elisa Jimenez-Izal, Jacqueline Deirmenjian, Jan Machacek, Philippe Sautet, Anastassia N Alexandrova, Tomas Base, Paul S Weiss
We use simple acid-base chemistry to control the valency in self-assembled monolayers of two different carboranedithiol isomers on Au{111}. Monolayer formation proceeds via Au-S bonding, where manipulation of pH prior to or during deposition enables the assembly of dithiolate species, monothiol/monothiolate species, or combination. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images identify two distinct binding modes in each unmodified monolayer, where simultaneous spectroscopic imaging confirms different dipole offsets for each binding mode...
February 2, 2018: ACS Nano
Heike Pfeifer, Katharina Raum, Sandra Markovic, Verena Nowak, Stephanie Fey, Julia Obländer, Jovita Pressler, Verena Böhm, Monika Brüggemann, Lydia Wunderle, Andreas Hüttmann, Ralph Wäsch, Joachim Beck, Matthias Stelljes, Andreas Viardot, Fabian Lang, Dieter Hoelzer, Wolf-Karsten Hofmann, Hubert Serve, Christel Weiss, Nicola Goekbuget, Oliver G Ottmann, Daniel Nowak
We investigated the role of copy number alterations to refine risk stratification in adult Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph)+ ALL treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (aSCT). 97 Ph+ ALL patients (median age 41 years, range 18-64 years) within the prospective multicenter GMALL studies 06/99 (n=8) and 07/2003 (n=89) were analysed. All patients received TKI and aSCT in first complete remission (CR1). Copy number analysis was performed with SNP arrays and validated by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA)...
January 18, 2018: Blood
Linda C Weiss, Leonie Pötter, Annika Steiger, Sebastian Kruppert, Uwe Frost, Ralph Tollrian
Anthropogenically released CO2 accumulates in the global carbon cycle and is anticipated to imbalance global carbon fluxes [1]. For example, increased atmospheric CO2 induces a net air-to-sea flux where the oceans take up large amounts of atmospheric CO2 (i.e., ocean acidification [2-5]). Research on ocean acidification is ongoing, and studies have demonstrated the consequences for ecosystems and organismal biology with major impacts on marine food webs, nutrient cycles, overall productivity, and biodiversity [6-9]...
January 9, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Kewal Asosingh, Nicholas Wanner, Kelly Weiss, Kimberly Queisser, Liya Gebreab, Biruk Kassa, Eric Stuehr, Brian Graham, Serpil Erzurum
Accumulating evidence shows a causative role for the bone marrow (BM) in the genesis and progression of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Engraftment of BM hematopoietic stem cells from PH patients to mice reproduces the cardiopulmonary pathology of PH. However, it is unknown whether healthy BM can prevent the development of right heart disease. Caveolin-1-deficient (CAV-1 KO) mice develop cardiopulmonary disease with manifestations resembling PH, including elevated right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure (RVSP), RV hypertrophy, and pulmonary endothelial proliferative disease...
March 28, 2017: Blood Advances
Natalia Mayordomo, Harald Foerstendorf, Johannes Lützenkirchen, Karsten Heim, Stephan Weiss, Ursula Alonso, Tiziana Missana, Katja Schmeide, Norbert Jordan
The sorption processes of Se(IV) onto γ-Al2 O3 were studied by in situ Infrared spectroscopy, batch sorption studies, zeta potential measurements and surface complexation modeling (SCM) in the pH range from 5 to 10. In situ attenuated total reflection fourier-transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy revealed the predominant formation of a single inner-sphere surface species at the alumina surface, supporting previously reported EXAFS results, irrespective of the presence or absence of atmospherically derived carbonate...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Jessica L Metcalf, Se Jin Song, James T Morton, Sophie Weiss, Andaine Seguin-Orlando, Frédéric Joly, Claudia Feh, Pierre Taberlet, Eric Coissac, Amnon Amir, Eske Willerslev, Rob Knight, Valerie McKenzie, Ludovic Orlando
The mammal gut microbiome, which includes host microbes and their respective genes, is now recognized as an essential second genome that provides critical functions to the host. In humans, studies have revealed that lifestyle strongly influences the composition and diversity of the gastrointestinal microbiome. We hypothesized that these trends in humans may be paralleled in mammals subjected to anthropogenic forces such as domestication and captivity, in which diets and natural life histories are often greatly modified...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Duncan Grady, Marjorie Weiss, Jules Hernandez-Sanchez, Joanna Pepke-Zaba
The aims of this study were to investigate the medication adherence of patients on pulmonary hypertension (PH)-targeted therapies and uncover factors that might influence adherence values. Patients taking at least one specialist medicine (sildenafil, tadalafil, bosentan, ambrisentan, iloprost, epoprostenol, treprostinil) completed a Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8) questionnaire. Participants' MMAS-8 scores were used to estimate overall medicine adherence. Potential adherence co-factor data were collected from patient databases and hospital discharge summaries...
January 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Matthias Sendler, Frank-Ulrich Weiss, Janine Golchert, Georg Homuth, Cindy van den Brandt, Ujjwal M Mahajan, Lars-Ivo Partecke, Paula Döring, Ilya Gukovsky, Anna S Gukovskaya, Preshit R Wagh, Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute pancreatitis is characterized by premature intracellular activation of digestive proteases within pancreatic acini and a consecutive systemic inflammatory response. We investigated how these processes interact during severe pancreatitis in mice. METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced in C57Bl/6 wild-type (control), cathepsin B-knockout, and cathepsin L-knockout mice by partial pancreatic duct ligation with supramaximal caerulein injection, or by repetitive supramaximal caerulein injections alone...
October 24, 2017: Gastroenterology
Rita Das Mahapatra, Joykrishna Dey, Richard G Weiss
A series of β-amino acid containing tripeptides has been designed and synthesized in order to develop oligopeptide-based, thermoreversible, pH-sensitive, and proteolytically stable hydrogels. The Fmoc [N-(fluorenyl-9-methoxycarbonyl)]-protected tripeptides were found to produce hydrogels in both pH 7 and 2 buffers at a very low concentration (<0.2% w/v). It has been shown that the Fmoc group plays an important role in the gelation process. Also a dependence of gelation ability on hydrophobicity of the side chain of the Fmoc-protected α-amino acid was observed...
November 3, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Steven Dajnowicz, Ryne C Johnston, Jerry M Parks, Matthew P Blakeley, David A Keen, Kevin L Weiss, Oksana Gerlits, Andrey Kovalevsky, Timothy C Mueser
Enzymes dependent on pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP, the active form of vitamin B6) perform a myriad of diverse chemical transformations. They promote various reactions by modulating the electronic states of PLP through weak interactions in the active site. Neutron crystallography has the unique ability of visualizing the nuclear positions of hydrogen atoms in macromolecules. Here we present a room-temperature neutron structure of a homodimeric PLP-dependent enzyme, aspartate aminotransferase, which was reacted in situ with α-methylaspartate...
October 16, 2017: Nature Communications
Stefany Moreno-Gámez, Robin A Sorg, Arnau Domenech, Morten Kjos, Franz J Weissing, G Sander van Doorn, Jan-Willem Veening
Streptococcus pneumoniae becomes competent for genetic transformation when exposed to an autoinducer peptide known as competence-stimulating peptide (CSP). This peptide was originally described as a quorum-sensing signal, enabling individual cells to regulate competence in response to population density. However, recent studies suggest that CSP may instead serve as a probe for sensing environmental cues, such as antibiotic stress or environmental diffusion. Here, we show that competence induction can be simultaneously influenced by cell density, external pH, antibiotic-induced stress, and cell history...
October 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Theresa Fürtjes, Katharina T Weiss, Alexander Filbry, Frank Rippke, Stephan Schreml
BACKGROUND: Human skin surface has a physiologically acidic pH (pHss). In cases of increased pHss, the acidity of the skin can be restored by topical formulations. We tested a pH 5 oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion for pHss regeneration and stabilization. METHODS: We performed 2 experiments with 10 female study subjects in each. In both experiments, 2D imaging with luminescent sensor foils was used to determine pHss. Alkalization was reached by washing the volar forearm with a soap bar and warm running tap water for 20 min...
October 4, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
Hayley A Hanby, Jialing Bao, Ji-Yoon Noh, Danuta Jarocha, Mortimer Poncz, Mitchell J Weiss, Michael S Marks
Platelet dense granules (DGs) are storage organelles for calcium ions, small organic molecules such as ADP and serotonin, and larger polyphosphates that are secreted upon platelet stimulation to enhance platelet activation, adhesion, and stabilization at sites of vascular damage. DGs are thought to fully mature within megakaryocytes (MKs) prior to platelet formation. Here we challenge this notion by exploiting vital fluorescent dyes to distinguish mildly acidic DGs from highly acidic compartments by microscopy in platelets and MKs...
August 22, 2017: Blood Advances
Marie-Cecile Affholder, Dominik J Weiss, Matthias Wissuwa, Sarah E Johnson-Beebout, Guy J D Kirk
We sought to explain rice (Oryza sativa) genotype differences in tolerance of zinc (Zn) deficiency in flooded paddy soils and the counter-intuitive observation, made in earlier field experiments, that Zn uptake per plant increases with increasing planting density. We grew tolerant and intolerant genotypes in a Zn-deficient flooded soil at high and low planting densities and found (a) plant Zn concentrations and growth increased with planting density and more so in the tolerant genotype, whereas the concentrations of other nutrients decreased, indicating a specific effect on Zn uptake; (b) the effects of planting density and genotype on Zn uptake could only be explained if the plants induced changes in the soil to make Zn more soluble; and (c) the genotype and planting density effects were both associated with decreases in dissolved CO2 in the rhizosphere soil solution and resulting increases in pH...
September 12, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
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