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Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786596/-coexistence-of-asthma-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-review-of-the-literature
#1
Magdalena Pawelec-Winiarz, Anna Brzecka
Both asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome are frequent diseases and their coexistence may implicate important consequences. The incidence of OSA syndrome among the patients with asthma is higher than in the general population, especially in the patients with nocturnal symptoms persisting despite treatment, in patients frequently admitted to hospital because of the exacerbations of asthma, and in obese patients. The causes of frequent coexistence of asthma and OSA syndrome are not fully elucidated...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779142/arousal-index-as-a-marker-of-carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#2
Mayumi Suzuki, Ken Shimamoto, Haruki Sekiguchi, Takamitsu Harada, Natsumi Satoya, Yuji Inoue, Kazuhiro Yamaguchi, Masatoshi Kawana
PURPOSE: It was shown in a previous cohort study that men with internal carotid artery (ICA) plaque, defined as focal wall thickness of ≥ 1.5 mm, had a threefold higher risk of stroke than those without plaque. We examined the relationship between arousal indices and sleep stages in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: Carotid atherosclerosis severity was evaluated using the maximal carotid wall intima-media thickness of the ICA (ICA-maxIMT) and plaque in 83 patients with OSAS...
May 19, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775001/-expression-and-significance-of-serum-hepatocyte-growth-factor-and-myeloperoxidase-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#3
L B Liao, J M Zhai, G G Chen, Z E Ma, X B Yang, J G Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the expression and significance of serum HGF and MPO in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in adults. Method: Ninety-six cases of OSAHS patients diagnosed by PSG were divided into 3 groups: Heavy, medium and light according to the range of AHI; 32 cases of outpatients were healthy persons as the control group. The serum HGF and MPO were determined by ELISA; HGF and MPO were measured after comprehensive treat with CPAP in patients with severe OSAHS, and the correlation between HGF, MPO and PSG were analyzed...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772418/differences-between-manual-and-automatic-analysis-in-determining-the-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-home-sleep-apnea-testing
#4
Gonzalo Labarca, Jorge Dreyse, Constanza Salas, Andrea Contreras, Gonzalo Nazar, Maria I Gaete, Jorge Jorquera
INTRODUCTION: Home sleep apnea testing (HSAT) is a diagnostic measure for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in moderate/high risk patients. Some HSAT companies contain automatic analysis (AA). However, guidelines recommend manual analysis (MA) despite the weak evidence for this recommendation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the concordance between AA and MA of HSAT to make either a diagnosis and severity classification. METHODS: We evaluated AA and MA of HSAT between 2015 and 2016...
April 7, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771831/barbed-hyoglossomandibulopexia-a-preclinical-study-on-human-anatomic-models
#5
Mario Mantovani, Vittorio Rinaldi, Sara Torretta, Roberto Trojsi, Daniela Carioli, Lorenzo Pignataro
The retrobasilingual space is the one of the most frequent sites of obstruction in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome, and several multilevel surgical procedures have been developed. The authors tested by means a preclinical study the feasibility of a new experimental surgical procedure called barbed hyoglossomandibulopexia (B.Hy.G.M.P.) which aims at advancing the tongue base with the hyoid bone (hyo-glossopexia) by multiple plicatures at the oral floor muscles.B.Hy.G.M.P. was performed during cadaveric dissection on 12 human models...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771054/-current-status-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
X Tang, M Zhang, N Zhou, J Yan, L X Yang, G H Chen
With the deepening of research, the cognitive disorders caused by obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome has attracted more and more attention by scholars both at home and abroad. This paper systematically reviews the progress of its clinical manifestations and pathogenesis.
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771039/-clinical-study-on-the-relations-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea%C3%AE-syndrome-and-the-degree-and-prognosis-of-coronary-lesions
#7
M J Cheng, M J Cheng, Q M Wei, L H Yang, R T Liu, S T Li
Objective: The aim of this study is to discuss the relations between obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and severity and prognosis of coronary artery disease. Method: The OSAHS patients were divided into mild, moderate and severe groups according to Results of sleep monitoring. The severity of coronary artery lesion in each group was compared by counting the numbers of the lesion extension of coronary artery, calculating the Gensin score and evaluating the Thromblysis in myocardial infarction...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749371/comparison-of-the-efficacy-side-effects-and-cost-of-modafinil-and-intranasal-mometasone-furoate-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-preliminary-clinical-study
#8
Shujia Zhang, Jing Fu, Zhongnin Duan
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is characterized by repeated episodes of reduction in airflow due to the collapse of the upper airway during sleep. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcome, side effects, and cost of treatment between modafinil and intranasal mometasone furoate in patients with OSAHS. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with OSAHS (N=250) were divided into two groups: the modafinil group (MG) (N=125) were treated with 100 mg modafinil twice a day; the intranasal mometasone furoate group (IMFG) (N=125) were treated with 100 µg of intranasal mometasone furoate in the evening...
May 11, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747252/-control-study-of-h-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty-combined-with-tongue-base-radiofrequency-for-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#9
J Y Liu, M L Li, J B Lu, Y F Yuan, X K Ma, J Y Ye
Objective: To investigate the effect of H-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty(H-UPPP) combined with tongue base radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS). Methods: Sixty-two patients with moderate or severe OSAHS, whose obstructive plane located in the oropharynx and tongue base were divided into two groups two groups according to the patient's independent choice under the condition of fully informed before the operation. The control group of 30 cases underwent H-UPPP, while the experimental group of 32 patients underwent improved H-UPPP and tongue base radiofrequency...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746310/beneficial-response-of-blood-pressure-to-short-term-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-chinese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#10
Xiao Wang, Jian Qiu, Yufeng Wang, Zechuan Cai, Xiaoxia Lu, Taoping Li
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is common in people with hypertension and cardiac rhythm disorder. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of short-term continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on blood pressure (BP) and cardiac rhythm in Chinese patients with moderate to severe OSAHS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients in the two hospitals were consecutively enrolled into the prospective study. Ambulatory BP monitoring and Holter monitoring were both performed for 24 h in 214 patients who previously encountered a full night polysomnography...
May 9, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737750/-the-application-of-acoustic-pharyngometry-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-osahs
#11
REVIEW
Ting Rong, Jian Gang Ma, Xin Yu Li, Li Cai, Xin Xia Jiang, Yan Xia Wang
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common clinical disease that seriously threatens human health and life. Accurate location of the upper airway obstruction is the key to the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS. Acoustic pharyngometry uses sound reflection to quickly assess the cross-sectional area and volume of the upper airway. Acoustic pharyngometry represents a simple, quick, non-invasive method for measuring upper airway dimensions which could predict sleep apnea risk. In this article we sought to introduce the application of acoustic pharyngometry in the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734982/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#12
Chia-Fan Lee, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wan-Yi Hsueh, Ming-Tzer Lin, Kun-Tai Kang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Two authors independently searched databases, namely PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Review database. The keywords used were "Down syndrome," "Trisomy 21," "OSA," "sleep apnea syndromes," "polysomnography" and "polygraphy." The prevalence of OSA based on apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) greater than 1, 1...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731297/french-society-of-ent-sforl-guidelines-short-version-on-the-roles-of-the-various-treatment-options-in-childhood-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#13
B Pateron, R Marianowski, P-J Monteyrol, V Couloigner, M Akkari, F Chalumeau, P Fayoux, N Leboulanger, P Franco, M Mondain
OBJECTIVE: The authors present the guidelines of the French Society of ENT and Head & Neck Surgery (SFORL) on the role of the ENT physician in childhood obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). This section of the guidelines concerns the roles of the various medical and surgical treatment options. METHOD: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the topic. Based on the retrieved articles and the group members' own experience, guidelines were drawn up, then read over by a reading group independent of the work-group...
May 3, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730042/clinical-and-polysomnographic-predictors-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#14
Fábio Azevedo Caparroz, Milena de Almeida Torres Campanholo, Caroline Gomez Regina, Sung Woo Park, Leonardo Haddad, Luís Carlos Gregório, Fernanda Louise Martinho Haddad
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and laryngopharyngeal reflux are diseases with a high prevalence in the overall population; however, it remains unclear whether they are diseases with the same risk factors present in the same populations or if there is any association between them. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and determine the prevalence of laryngopharyngeal reflux in patients with moderate and severe obstructive apnea syndrome and also to determine its predictive factors...
April 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714450/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-is-associated-with-impaired-pulmonary-artery-distensibility-and-right-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction
#15
Süha Çetin, Mustafa Gökhan Vural, Hikmet Fırat, Ramazan Akdemir
Background/aim: We investigated whether obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has any impact on pulmonary artery distensibility (PAD) and right ventricular (RV) function. Materials and methods: Subjects were categorized according to apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) as follows: controls (n = 17 and AHI < 5), mild-to-moderate OSAS (n = 22 and AHI = 5–30), and severe OSAS (n = 29 and AHI > 30). All subjects underwent transthoracic echocardiography after polysomnography to assess PAD and RV function. PAD was recorded as M-Mode trace of the right pulmonary artery and was defined as (PAmax –PAmin/PAmin) × 100...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707392/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-in-a-cohort-of-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Kostas Archontogeorgis, Athanasios Voulgaris, Evangelia Nena, Maria Strempela, Panagiota Karailidou, Argyrios Tzouvelekis, Toulin Mouemin, Maria Xanthoudaki, Stylianos Steiropoulos, Marios E Froudarakis, Paschalis Steiropoulos
Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess whether the 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease in newly diagnosed patients with OSAS is increased. Materials and Methods: Recently diagnosed, with polysomnography, consecutive OSAS patients were included. The Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) and the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) were used to estimate the 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease...
2018: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704303/atypical-presentations-associated-with-non-polyalanine-repeat-phox2b-mutations
#17
Umakanth Katwa, Alissa M D'Gama, Anita E Qualls, Lucas M Donovan, Jody Heffernan, Jiahai Shi, Pankaj B Agrawal
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a disorder of ventilatory control and autonomic dysregulation that can be caused by mutations in the paired-like homeobox 2B (PHOX2B) gene. The majority of CCHS cases are caused by polyalanine repeat mutations (PARMs) in PHOX2B; however, in rare cases, non-polyalanine repeat mutations (NPARMs) have been identified. Here, we report two patients with NPARMs in PHOX2B. Patient 1 has a mild CCHS phenotype seen only on polysomnogram, which was performed for desaturations and stridor following a bronchiolitis episode, and characterized by night-time hypoventilation and a history of ganglioneuroblastoma...
April 28, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701198/-a-case-of-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-with-urinary-and-anal-incontinence
#18
Li Zhou, Ruoyun Ouyang, Ping Chen, Hong Luo, Hanmei Liu, Guiqian Liu
A case of a young male patient, who came to the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University because of snoring for 10 years and nocturnal gatism for half month, was analyzed retrospectively. He was diagnosed as obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) finally. The patient had been diagnosed and treated as stroke in the local hospital, while urinary and anal incontinence were not relieved. It was a dilemma for him to be properly diagnosed and treated. Polysomnography in our hospital revealed apnea hypopnea index (AHI) at 44...
March 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690686/-impaired-hypoxic-ventilatory-response-and-related-factors-in-han-and-uygur-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#19
Z M He, H Guo, X L Jiang, J P Li, Q L Zhang, Y P Yang, X S Dong, Piliqing Da, J Shi, M Li, M C Shi, F Han
Objective: To investigate the respiratory central hypoxia response and its related factors in Han and Uygur patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: One hundred and sixty six OSAHS patients were selected from Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2016 in Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Kelamayi Central Hospital, including 69 cases of Han nationality and 97 cases of Uygur nationality. Seventy-three healthy subjects of Uygur nationality were enrolled as the control group. All of them under went sleep monitoring, nocturnal oxygen saturation (SaO(2)), pulmonary function and respiratory central hypoxia response...
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688857/less-invasive-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#20
Silvia Müller-Hagedorn, Cornelia Wiechers, Jörg Arand, Wolfgang Buchenau, Margit Bacher, Michael Krimmel, Siegmar Reinert, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Infants and children with syndromic craniosynostosis (SCS), such as Apert-, Crouzon- or Pfeiffer syndrome, are prone to sleep disordered breathing (SDB) including obstructive sleep apnea and upper airway resistance syndrome (OSAS, UARS), potentially leading to tracheostomy. We modified the Tübingen Palatal Plate (TPP), an oral appliance with a velar extension effectively treating airway obstruction in Robin sequence, by attaching a tube to its velar extension to bridge the narrow pharyngeal airway in SCS patients...
April 23, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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