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Talar fractures

Ewout S Veltman, Ernst Ja Steller, Philippe Wittich, Jort Keizer
A case of complicated lateral subtalar dislocation is presented and the literature concerning this injury is reviewed. Subtalar joint dislocations are rare and often the result of a high-energy trauma. Complications include avascular necrosis of the talus, infection, posttraumatic osteoarthritis requiring arthrodesis and chronic subtalar instability. Negative prognostic factors include lateral and complicated dislocations, total talar extrusions, and associated fractures. A literature search was performed to identify studies describing outcome after lateral subtalar joint dislocation...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Tuğba Kuru Çolak, İlker Çolak, Eren Timurtaş, Güven Bulut, M Gülden Polat
Misalignment of the talar neck after surgical repair can redistribute the load among the posterior, middle, and anterior facets of the subtalar joints, which can change the joint biomechanics, cause arthritis, and impair function. However, we found no studies analyzing the plantar pressures after treatment of talus neck fracture. We determined the dynamic plantar pedobarographic and radiographic characteristics and ankle range of motion, function, and pain among patients after surgical repair of talar neck fractures...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ki-Won Young, Young-Uk Park, Jin-Su Kim, Hun-Ki Cho, Ho-Sik Choo, Jang-Ho Park
BACKGROUND: The talus has a very complex anatomical morphology and is mainly fractured by a major force caused by a fall or a traffic accident. Therefore, a talus fracture is not common. However, many recent reports have shown that minor injuries, such as sprains and slips during sports activities, can induce a talar fracture especially in the lateral or posterior process. Still, fractures to the main parts of the talus (neck and body) after ankle sprains have not been reported as occult fractures...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Kalpesh R Vaghela, Hans Clement, Lee Parker
BACKGROUND: Open surgical access to the postero-lateral talar dome for the treatment of osteochondral lesions is challenging, often requiring a segmental osteotomy of the fibula (fibular window) and division of the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL) or a fibular osteotomy with division of the AITFL and the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) (fibular door). Alternatively, to preserve the tibiofibular syndesmosis both the fibula and the lateral tibial plafond can be osteotomised to expose the entire lateral talar dome...
September 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
J Pazour, M Křivohlávek, R Lukáš
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to analyse the options for sustentacular screw placement in osteosynthesis of intra-articular fractures of the heel bone and to assess the effect of various screw positions on failure to maintain the reduction in the postoperative period. In addition, problems related to screw-end protrusion over the medial cortical bone or to screw penetration into the talocalcaneal joint were assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS The group comprised 23 patients with a total of 25 intra-articular fractures of the heel bone treated by surgery...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Michael J Beltran, Phillip M Mitchell, Cory A Collinge
BACKGROUND: Screws placed from posterior to anterior have been shown to be biomechanically and anatomically superior in the fixation of talar neck and neck-body fractures, yet most surgeons continue to place screws from an anterior start point. The safety and efficacy of percutaneously applied posterior screws has not been clinically defined, and functional outcomes after their use is lacking. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we performed a retrospective review of 24 consecutive talar neck fractures treated by a single surgeon that utilized posterior-to-anterior screw fixation...
October 2016: Foot & Ankle International
N Veith, B Braun, M Hell, M T Klein, T Tschernig, P Mörsdorf, J H Holstein, T Pohlemann
Background: Talus fractures are rare and often result from axial trauma. As most of the talus surface is covered by cartilage, the blood supply is limited. Thus talus fractures are seen as one of the most severe fractures and often lead to significant long-term complications. Several studies suggest that the initial fracture classification can lead to correct treatment and that this can influence the long-term outcome. The aim of the current study was to investigate the importance of the initial fracture classification in respect to the radiological outcome in a large patient cohort...
June 23, 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Ingrid Kvello Stake, Jan Erik Madsen, Kjetil Hvaal, Elena Johnsen, Elisabeth Ellingsen Husebye
BACKGROUND: Talar fractures are associated with a high incidence of avascular necrosis (AVN), osteoarthritis (OA) and malunion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the complications, the functional outcome, and the need for secondary surgery following surgically treated talar fractures. METHODS: Fifty patients with 52 talar fractures were included in the study. The health related quality of life was evaluated using visual analogue scale (VAS). The ankle function was scored using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score...
June 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ersin Ercin, Mustafa Gokhan Bilgili, Mehmet Gamsizkan, Serdar Avsar
Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumors. They are usually asymptomatic and found incidentally. When symptomatic, the symptoms are usually due to its location and size. Fracture of an osteochondroma presenting as posterior ankle impingement is a rare condition. We describe a 22-year-old man with solitary exostosis who presented with a posterior ankle mass and posterior ankle impingement with 2 years of follow-up. Surgical intervention was the treatment of choice in this patient, and histologic examination revealed a benign osteochondroma...
May 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Gregory F Alvine, Franklin G Alvine
BACKGROUND: Ankle fusion has been the traditional treatment of choice for failed total ankle arthroplasties or arthritic conditions that preclude the use of primary implants. A custom stemmed agility talar component was designed to be used in these conditions. METHODS: The first 30 cases by a single surgeon were reviewed at two intervals. The study was a retrospective chart review with data including ankle diagnosis, deformity, bone loss and other factors that may have an impact on ankle arthroplasty...
April 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
David H Ballard, Kevin J Campbell, Lee E Blanton, Jason T Williams, Guillermo Sangster, Anne M Hollister, Alberto A Simoncini
The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of tendon entrapments and tendon dislocations associated with ankle and hindfoot fractures in patients studied by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Additionally, we describe particular tendon injuries associated with specific fractures. This was a retrospective review of all individuals with a trauma-protocol CT for suspected ankle and/or hindfoot fractures during a consecutive 41-month time period at a single Level I Trauma Center. Each patient's images were evaluated by two radiologists and an orthopedic surgeon for tendon entrapment, tendon dislocation, and bone(s) fractured or dislocated...
August 2016: Emergency Radiology
Chien-Shun Wang, Yun-Hsuan Tzeng, Chun-Cheng Lin, Ching-Kuei Huang, Ming-Chau Chang, Chao-Ching Chiang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the influence of sectioning the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) during an extensile lateral approach during open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of calcaneal fractures on ankle joint stability. METHODS: Forty-two patients with calcaneal fractures that received ORIF were included. Talar tilt stress and anterior drawer radiographs were performed on the operative and contralateral ankles 6 months postoperatively...
September 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Tomasz L Nosewicz, M Suzan H Beerekamp, Robert-Jan O De Muinck Keizer, Tim Schepers, Mario Maas, C Niek van Dijk, J Carel Goslings
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) associated with ankle fracture correlate with unfavorable outcome. The goals of this study were to detect OCLs following ankle fracture, to associate fracture type to OCLs and to investigate whether OCLs affect clinical outcome. METHODS: 100 ankle fractures requiring operative treatment were prospectively included (46 men, 54 women; mean age 44 ± 14 years, range 20-77). All ankle fractures (conventional radiography; 71 Weber B, 22 Weber C, 1 Weber A, 4 isolated medial malleolus and 2 isolated posterior malleolus fractures) were treated by open reduction and internal fixation...
August 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Michael A Maceroli, Christopher Wong, Roy W Sanders, John P Ketz
OBJECTIVES: To assess the healing and radiographic outcomes of displaced and comminuted talar neck fractures treated with medial position screws augmented with lateral minifragment plate fixation. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Two level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: The records of 26 patients with displaced and comminuted talar neck fractures who underwent open reduction and internal fixation with medial-sided position screws augmented with lateral minifragment plates...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Jisook Yi, Jang Gyu Cha, Young Koo Lee, Bo Ra Lee, Chan Hong Jeon
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of a three-dimensional (3D) T2-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) magnetic resonance (MR) sequence compared with two-dimensional (2D) sequence for diagnosing anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) tears, chondral lesion of the talus (CLT) and os subfibulare/avulsion fracture of the distal fibula (OSF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients were included, who had undergone ankle MRI with 3D T2-weighted FSE and 2D T2-weighted FSE sequences, as well as subsequent ankle arthroscopy, between November 2013 and July 2014...
July 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Tetyana Gorbachova, Peter S Wang, Bing Hu, Jay C Horrow
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the significance of plantar talar head injury (PTHI) in predicting osseous and soft tissue injuries on ankle MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IRB approved this HIPAA-compliant retrospective study. The study group consisted of 41 ankle MRIs with PTHI that occurred at our institution over a 5 ½ year period. Eighty MRIs with bone injuries in other locations matched for age, time interval since injury, and gender formed a control group. Injuries to the following structures were recorded: medial malleolus, lateral malleolus/distal fibula, posterior malleolus, talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, lateral, medial and syndesmotic ligaments, spring ligament complex, and extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) muscle...
June 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Kai Wu, Zihui Zhou, Jianhua Huang, Jian Lin, Qiugen Wang, Jie Tao
We describe a highly selective incision combined with percutaneous manipulation for reduction and internal fixation of talar neck fractures. We retrospectively investigated the clinical data from 29 cases of talar neck fractures treated from January 2009 to June 2013. Fifteen patients (study group) were treated using a 1- to 2-cm limited incision placed on the anteromedial or anterolateral side of the talus, followed by percutaneous reduction and fixation. Another 14 patients (control group) underwent open reduction and internal fixation through a conventional anteromedial or anterolateral approach...
May 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Young Sung Kim, Ho Min Lee, Jong Pil Kim, Han Sol Moon
Fatigue stress fractures of the talus are rare and usually involve the head of the talus in military recruits. We report an uncommon cause of ankle pain due to a fatigue stress fracture of the body of the talus in a 32-year-old male social soccer player. Healing was achieved after weightbearing suppression for 6 weeks. Although rare, a stress fracture of the body of the talus should be considered in an athlete with a gradual onset of chronic ankle pain. Magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan are useful tools for early diagnosis...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Andrew R Hsu, John A Scolaro
UNLABELLED: Fractures of the posteromedial process of the talus are frequently the result of high-energy trauma to the lower extremity. The treatment of these uncommon injuries may be unfamiliar and challenging to many surgeons. Significant pain and disability can result if these injuries are not recognized or treated appropriately. Open reduction and internal fixation via a posteromedial approach with screws is a mainstay of operative treatment for simple fractures. In cases of fracture impaction and/or comminution, a medial uniplanar external fixator may be used to improve intraoperative fracture visualization and mini-fragment plates and screws can be used to secure areas of comminution...
April 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Hans Zwipp, Stefan Rammelt
Malunions and nonunions after central or peripheral fractures of the talar body frequently lead to pain and disability. In properly selected, compliant patients without symptomatic arthritis or total avascular necrosis leading to collapse of the talar dome, and sufficient bone stock, secondary anatomic reconstruction with osteotomy along the former fracture plane and preservation of the essential peritalar joints may lead to considerable functional improvement. Bone grafting is needed after resection of a fibrous pseudarthrosis, sclerotic, or necrotic bone...
March 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
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