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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#1
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890003/biofilm-mediated-antibiotic-resistant-oral-bacterial
#2
Indu Lata Kanwar, Abhishek Kumar Sah, Preeti K Suresh
Oral diseases like dental caries and periodontal disease are directly associated with the capability of bacteria to form biofilm. Periodontal diseases have been associated to anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria forming a subgingival plaque (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus, Prevotella and Fusobacterium). Biofilm is a complex bacterial community that is highly resistant to antibiotics and human immunity. Biofilm communities are the causative agents of biological developments such as dental caries, periodontitis, and peri-implantitis, and causing periodontal tissue breakdown...
November 24, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770768/phage-therapy-a-new-horizon-in-the-antibacterial-treatment-of-oral-pathogens
#3
Mor Shlezinger, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Grégory Resch, Yok-Ai Que, Shaul Beyth, Elisheva Dorfman, Ronen Hazan, Nurit Beyth
Dental diseases are perhaps the most prevalent infection-related diseases in humans. Biofilm is involved in almost every infectious disease compromising oral health, notably caries, periodontal disease, gingivitis, endodontic infections and peri-implantitis. Current therapies of biofilm-derived oral infections lack sensitivity; they are not species-specific and kill pathogenic species as well as commensal species, which are protective against the formation of pathogenic biofilms. Moreover, antibiotics have a limited effect on biofilm and are almost unused in oral diseases...
September 30, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747645/a-piezo-surgery-with-corticotomies-and-implant-placement-as-part-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-treat-malocclusion-disorder-in-an-adult-patient-clinical-report
#4
Federico Gelpi, Daniele De Santis, Simone Marconcini, Francesco Briguglio, Marco Finotti
This clinical report illustrates a multidisciplinary approach for the rehabilitation of a young adult patient affected by a bilateral edentulous space and an anterior deep bite. The patient required orthodontics and surgical corticotomy and implantology (both performed with a piezo device). A multidisciplinary planning approach, including orthodontics, oral and periodontic surgery, and restorative dentistry, has an important role in the final outcome of treatment. In fact a dental class I occlusion has been established only on the right side...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743595/relevance-of-the-plasminogen-system-in-physiology-pathology-and-regeneration-of-oral-tissues-from-the-perspective-of-dental-specialties
#5
Christian Wehner, Klara Janjić, Hermann Agis
Plasmin is a proteolytic enzyme that is crucial in fibrinolysis. In oral tissues, the plasminogen system plays an essential role in physiological and pathological processes, which in addition to fibrinolysis include degradation of extracellular matrix, inflammation, immune response, angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, cell migration, and wound healing. Oral tissues reveal a change in the plasminogen system during pathological processes such as periodontitis, peri-implantitis, or pulpitis, as well as in response to mechanical load...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703614/comparative-efficacy-of-aloe-vera-mouthwash-and-chlorhexidine-on-periodontal-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Swathi Vangipuram, Abhishek Jha, Mamtha Bhashyam
BACKGROUND: With introduction of many herbal medicines, dentistry has recently evidenced shift of approach for treating many inflammatory oral diseases by using such modalities. Aloe vera is one such product exhibiting multiple benefits and has gained considerable importance in clinical research recently. AIM: To compare the efficacy of Aloevera and Chlorhexidine mouthwash on Periodontal Health. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty days randomized controlled trial was conducted among 390 dental students...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694293/u-s-dental-specialty-residents-expectations-and-anticipated-benefits-of-academic-employment
#7
Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648076/innovative-dental-stem-cell-based-research-approaches-the-future-of-dentistry
#8
REVIEW
Shayee Miran, Thimios A Mitsiadis, Pierfrancesco Pagella
Over the past decade, the dental field has benefited from recent findings in stem cell biology and tissue engineering that led to the elaboration of novel ideas and concepts for the regeneration of dental tissues or entire new teeth. In particular, stem cell-based regenerative approaches are extremely promising since they aim at the full restoration of lost or damaged tissues, ensuring thus their functionality. These therapeutic approaches are already applied with success in clinics for the regeneration of other organs and consist of manipulation of stem cells and their administration to patients...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630944/evaluating-the-relationship-of-dental-fear-with-dental-health-status-and-awareness
#9
Tuba Talo Yildirim
INTRODUCTION: Dental fear is one of the most common problems in dentistry, for both the patient and for the dentist. This issue can have an important effect on an individual's dental health. AIM: The aim of this paper was to report on the prevalence of dental anxiety and to explore if high levels of anxiety are associated with sociodemographic factors, oral health status, and level of oral health awareness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample for this cross-sectional study included 294 patients (154 males and 140 females)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617376/dental-pulp-revascularization-of-necrotic-permanent-teeth-with-immature-apices
#10
Eman A El Ashiry, Najat M Farsi, Sawsan T Abuzeid, Mohamed M El Ashiry, Hammam A Bahammam
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis presents challenges in endodontic and pediatric dentistry. Revascularization is a recent treatment for such cases as an alternative to conventional apexification. The purpose is to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure on immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients were enrolled for pulp revascularization procedure by root canal disinfection using a triple antibiotic mixture for 1-2 weeks, followed by creating a blood clot, sealing the root canal orifice using white mineral trioxide aggregate and a coronal seal of composite resin...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612840/recent-advancements-in-regenerative-dentistry-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Pouya Amrollahi, Brinda Shah, Amir Seifi, Lobat Tayebi
Although human mouth benefits from remarkable mechanical properties, it is very susceptible to traumatic damages, exposure to microbial attacks, and congenital maladies. Since the human dentition plays a crucial role in mastication, phonation and esthetics, finding promising and more efficient strategies to reestablish its functionality in the event of disruption has been important. Dating back to antiquity, conventional dentistry has been offering evacuation, restoration, and replacement of the diseased dental tissue...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594561/gingiva-as-a-new-and-the-most-accessible-source-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-the-oral-cavity-to-be-used-in-regenerative-therapies
#12
Bartłomiej Górski
Since the discovery of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs), many researchers have focused their attention on new sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Consequently, MSCs that display self-renewal capacity, multidifferentiation potential and immunomodulatory properties have been isolated from human oral tissues, including tooth, periodontal ligament, and gingiva. Oral MSCs involve dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), dental follicle stem cells (DFCs), stem cells from apical papilla (SCAP) and gingival stem cells (GMSCs)...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594560/the-role-of-probiotics-in-prevention-of-oral-diseases
#13
Magdalena Janczarek, Teresa Bachanek, Elżbieta Mazur, Renata Chałas
The dynamic development of knowledge in the field of probiotics was commenced at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, many ways of their possible usage in medicine have been established. In accordance with the WHO, probiotics are live microorganisms, which if applied in adequate amounts may benefit the host. Among probiotics, fungi and bacteria are distinguished, and mechanisms of action of these organisms in the oral cavity and gut are parallel. Application in dentistry, in prophylaxis and treatment of oral diseases is still not well known...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572712/induced-pluripotent-stem-ips-cells-in-dentistry-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Neeraj Malhotra
iPS cells are derived from somatic cells via transduction and expression of selective transcription factors. Both viral-integrating (like retroviral) and non-integrating (like, mRNA or protein-based) techniques are available for the production of iPS cells. In the field of dentistry, iPS cells have been derived from stem cells of apical papilla, dental pulp stem cells, and stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth, gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, and buccal mucosa fibroblasts. iPS cells have the potential to differentiate into all derivatives of the 3 primary germ layers i...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544964/-the-significance-of-biotype-in-the-predictability-of-dental-periodontal-treatment
#15
Dániel Palkovics, István Gera
BACKGROUND: The dimension of attached gingiva is a very important landmark in the periodontal health, and determine the function of the mucogingival unit, the progression of marginal inflammation and also affects aesthetic dentistry, orthodontics and implantology. The determination of gingival/periodontal biotype is important in dental/periodontal practice. Hence, the aim of this cross sectional clinical study was to assess the width and thickness of attached gingiva in young, periodontally healthy individuals and to provide anthropometric data in Hungary...
June 2016: Fogorvosi Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523517/oral-health-literacy-and-measures-of-periodontal-disease
#16
Jennifer S Holtzman, Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence demonstrating a relationship between health literacy(HL) and periodontal health is insufficient to identify how providers can help patients manage periodontal disease. This study assessed associations between HL measures (word recognition, numeracy, and conceptual knowledge) and signs of periodontal disease. METHODS: This study included 325 new patients at a dental school clinic with an oral HL survey, full mouth radiographs, and clinical examination...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502782/periodontitis-is-an-independent-risk-indicator-for-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases-among-60%C3%A2-174-participants-in-a-large-dental-school-in-the-netherlands
#17
Nicky G F M Beukers, Geert J M G van der Heijden, Arjen J van Wijk, Bruno G Loos
BACKGROUND: The association between periodontitis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ACVD) has been established in some modestly sized studies (<10 000). Rarely, however, periodontitis has been studied directly; often tooth loss or self-reported periodontitis has been used as a proxy measure for periodontitis. Our aim is to investigate the adjusted association between periodontitis and ACVD among all individuals registered in a large dental school in the Netherlands (Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA))...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501487/geriatric-periodontology-how-the-need-to-care-for-the-aging-population-can-influence-the-future-of-the-dental-profession
#18
REVIEW
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490444/current-status-of-the-influence-of-osteoporosis-on-periodontology-and-implant-dentistry
#19
Leandro Chambrone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent evidence on the impact of osteoporosis on periodontonlogy and implant dentistry, prevalence of diseases, pathophysiology and treatment outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with osteoporosis should be advised about the importance of returning for periodical periodontal maintenance as inadequate oral care may lead to a faster development of periodontitis. There is no definitive information on the development of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with dental implant therapy...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460329/survival-of-dental-implants-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-a-case-series
#20
Jacobo Limeres Posse, Julian López Jiménez, José C Ruiz Villandiego, Antonio Cutando Soriano, Javier Fernández Feijoo, Maialen Linazasoro Elorza, Márcio Diniz Freitas, Pedro Diz Dios
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The need for tooth replacement in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) is explained by the high prevalence of dental agenesis and by the premature loss of teeth through severe periodontal disease. Dental implants may be the dental procedure of choice in some of these patients. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to analyze dental implant survival in a series of patients with DS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective, observational study...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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