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Dentistry, dental, periodontal

Nova Nexhmije Ajeti, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Sonja Apostolska
OBJECTIVES: During the treatment of chronic apical periodontitis and pulp necrosis the main role is to irrigate the root canal. AIM: The aim of this in vivo study was to irrigate with 0.9% NaCl (Natrium Chloride), 2.5 % NaOCl (Sodium Hypochlorite Solution, Sigma Aldrich - Germany) and 2% CHX (Chlorhexidine Digluconate Solution, Sigma Aldrich - Spain) combined with Gaseous Ozone (Prozone WH, Austria). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was realised in the University Dentistry Clinical Centre of Kosovo (UDCCK), respectively in the Department of Endodontic and Dental Pathology, Dental Branch, Faculty of Medicine, Prishtina, Kosovo...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Colin B Wiebe, Bonnie J Hoath, Gethin Owen, Jiarui Bi, Georgios Giannelis, Hannu S Larjava
Traditionally, periodontal hand instruments are honed or sharpened during patient care as they dull easily during contact with enamel, calculus and cementum. This approach is taught in dental and hygiene schools around the world and remains the standard of care. Recently, some professional organizations have questioned whether this practice should be abandoned because of safety issues. Questions have been raised whether sharpening stones can be properly sterilized and whether the sharpening of contaminated instruments poses a health hazard for the provider...
September 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Allison K Marlow, Yusuke Hamada, Gerardo Maupome, George J Eckert, Vanchit John
Diagnosis and treatment planning for periodontal disease are fraught with challenges because of the complex and multifactorial nature of the disease as well as the inherent variability in interpretation of clinical findings. It is important for all practitioners to be accurate and consistent in formulating diagnoses based on the American Academy of Periodontology classification guidelines and to implement treatment plans to adequately address patients' needs. The aim of this study was to compare diagnoses and treatment plans among four groups of participants: full-time and part-time periodontology faculty at Indiana University School of Dentistry (IUSD), full-time and part-time IUSD general practice faculty, full-time periodontists in private practice, and full-time general practitioners in private practice...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Kaoru Washio, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Yuka Tsumanuma, Kosei Yano, Supreda Suphanantachat Srithanyarat, Ryo Takagi, Shizuko Ichinose, Walter Meinzer, Masayuki Yamato, Teruo Okano, Takao Hanawa, Isao Ishikawa
Osseointegrated implants have been recognized as being very reliable and having long term predictability. However, host-defense mechanisms against infection have been known to be impaired around a dental implant because of the lack of a periodontal ligament (PDL). The purpose of our experimental design was to produce cementum and PDL on the implant surface adopting cell sheet technology. To this aim we used PDL-derived cells, which contain multi-potential stem cells, as the cell source and we cultured them on an implant material constituted of commercially pure titanium treated with acid etching, blasting, and a calcium phosphate (CaP) coating to improve cell attachment...
March 1, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Andreea Iuliana Kui, Anca Jiglău Labuneţ, Codruţa Popescu, Daniela Popa, Liana Lascu
Background and aim: Therapeutic decision in dentistry is a complex cognitive process for the practitioners because it involves taking into consideration several factors, including patients' preferences. The hypothesis of this study was that apicoectomy might be indicated more often than necessary and in order to confirm or invalidate it a survey was designed. We also aimed to explore whether the preferences were associated or not with dentist-related or practice-related characteristics...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Rafał Pokrowiecki, Krzysztof Pałka, Agnieszka Mielczarek
AIM: The studies on tooth structure provided basis for nanotechnology-based dental treatment approaches known as nanodentistry which aims at detection and treatment of oral pathologies, such as dental caries and periodontal diseases, insufficiently being treated by conventional materials or drugs. This review aims at defining the role of nanodentistry in the medical area, its potential and hazards. MATERIALS & METHODS: To validate these issues, current literature on nanomaterials for dental applications was critically reviewed...
February 8, 2018: Nanomedicine
Aleksandra Burczynska, Lukasz Dziewit, Przemysław Decewicz, Izabela Struzycka, Marta Wroblewska
The composition of the oral microbiome in healthy individuals is complex and dynamic, and depends on many factors, such as anatomical location in the oral cavity, diet, oral hygiene habits or host immune responses. It is estimated at present that worldwide about 2 billion people suffer from diseases of the oral cavity, mainly periodontal disease and dental caries. Importantly, the oral microflora involved in local infections may spread and cause systemic, even life-threatening infections. In search for etiological agents of infections in dentistry, traditional approaches are not sufficient, as about 50% of oral bacteria are not cultivable...
March 30, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
Abdullah A Meshni, Mohammed M Al Moaleem, Khurshid A Mattoo, Esam Halboub, Saleh Mh Alharisi, Ali E Shatifi, Saeed A Al Amriee, Nabiel Al Ghazali
AIM: Post and core procedures are important clinical methods in routine dental practice. The present research aimed to radiographically assess the quality of post seating performed by undergraduate students at the College of Dentistry, Jazan University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 343 periapical X-rays of cemented posts (170 from males and 173 from females) were assessed. The assessment covered tooth type, arch, gender, type of post, length of post in relation to the crown and root lengths, the presence of any abnormality in post space, status of the remaining gutta-percha (GP), and the presence or absence of spaces between the end of post and GP...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Chenxin Wang, Yi Liu, Siwei Wang, Yong Wang, Yijiao Zhao
This study's aim was to develop and validate an approach to automatically extract and reconstruct three-dimensional (3D) digital root models from in vivo teeth based on the anatomical characteristics of the periodontal ligament using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data. Prior to undergoing dental extractions for orthodontic purposes, the CBCT data of each study participant were collected and imported into Mimics software to reconstruct 3D in vivo digital root models (test models). Twenty roots of 17 teeth extracted from the study's participants were scanned using a dental scanner to obtain 3D in vitro digital root models (reference models)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ina Manuela Schüler, Stefanie Haberstroh, Kristin Dawczynski, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
AIM: Assessment of dental health in the primary dentition of preterm infants (PTI) including investigation of mother- and infant-related risk factors in a case-control study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight infants aged 3-4 years were included. Sixty-four PTI (27 males) were randomly selected from the preterm registry of the Jena University Hospital. As a control group served 64 full-term infants (FTI) recruited from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, matched for age and sex...
2018: Caries Research
Nayansi Jha, Jae Jun Ryu, Eun Ha Choi, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik
The generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) has been found to occur during inflammatory procedures, during cell ischemia, and in various crucial developmental processes such as cell differentiation and along cell signaling pathways. The most common sources of intracellular RONS are the mitochondrial electron transport system, NADH oxidase, and cytochrome P450. In this review, we analyzed the extracellular and intracellular sources of reactive species, their cell signaling pathways, the mechanisms of action, and their positive and negative effects in the dental field...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
H Devlin, J Greenwall-Cohen, J Benton, T L Goodwin, A Littlewood, K Horner
Introduction Oral bisphosphonates are the most commonly prescribed anti-resorptive drugs used in the treatment of osteoporosis, but osteonecrosis of the jaw is a serious complication. The early diagnosis of this destructive side effect is crucial in preventing excessive bone loss, pain and infection.Objective To aid dental practitioners in the early identification of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.Method A scoping review was carried out.Data sources We searched MEDLINE via OVID, EMBASE via OVID, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source (DOSS), Proquest Dissertation and Theses Search, to identify references that described clinical and radiological findings in medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)...
January 2018: British Dental Journal
Grażyna Tokajuk, Katarzyna Niemirowicz, Piotr Deptuła, Ewelina Piktel, Mateusz Cieśluk, Agnieszka Z Wilczewska, Jan R Dąbrowski, Robert Bucki
Nanotechnology offers new tools for developing therapies to prevent and treat oral infections, particularly biofilm-dependent disorders, such as dental plaques and endodontic and periodontal diseases. Chlorhexidine (CHX) is a well-characterized antiseptic agent used in dentistry with broad spectrum activity. However, its application is limited due to inactivation in body fluid and cytotoxicity toward human cells, particularly at high concentrations. To overcome these limitations, we synthesized nanosystems composed of aminosilane-coated magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with chlorhexidine (MNP@CHX)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Shawn F Kane
The oral cavity is the intersection of medicine and dentistry and the window into the general health of a patient. Hundreds of diseases and medications impact the oral cavity, and pathologic conditions in the mouth have a greater systemic impact than many providers appreciate. It is unclear whether there is true causality or just an association between periodontal disease and certain other systemic conditions, including atherosclerotic vascular disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes, pregnancy-related complications, osteoporosis, and kidney disease...
November 2017: General Dentistry
Ingrid Glurich, Kelsey M Schwei, Sara Lindberg, Neel Shimpi, Amit Acharya
Globally, periodontal disease and diabetes have achieved epidemic proportions and have become a top health care priority. Mutual bidirectional exacerbation of these conditions is promoting creation of cross-disciplinary integrated care delivery (ICD) models that bridge the traditionally siloed health care domains of dentistry and medicine. By engaging focus groups inclusive of both medical and dental providers and one-on-one interviews, this qualitative study investigated provider knowledgeability, receptiveness, and readiness to engage ICD and sought input from the medical-dental primary care practitioner participants on perceived opportunities, benefits, and challenges to achieving ICD models for patients with diabetes/prediabetes...
October 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
Ming-Hui Liu, Tao-Hsin Tung, Fen-Fang Chung, Li-Chuan Chuang, Gwo-Hwa Wan
Bioaerosols produced by dental procedures may affect indoor air quality and cause infections in dental healthcare workers. To provide air quality data that can be used to protect dental healthcare workers, this study evaluated the air quality and its influencing factors in the dental department of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan. The study was a cross-sectional study design. Indoor air quality (IAQ) evaluations were conducted in six locations: pediatric dentistry, craniofacial orthodontic dentistry, periodontal dentistry, and general practice dentistry, instrument washing room, and patient waiting area...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Surbhi Garg, Sachit Anand Arora, Shivjot Chhina, Padam Singh
BACKGROUND: Gingival recession involves both soft tissue and hard tissue loss. In this evolutionary era of dentistry, newer techniques have evolved for complete coverage of isolated recession defects. Since 2012, vestibular incision subperiosteal tunnel access (VISTA) technique was used with various regenerative membranes to treat multiple recession defects (MRDs). Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane, a pool of growth factors but have any added advantage to recession coverage techniques is controversial...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
H Ringeisen, A Pöschke, B Krähling, C Schröck, M Stoll, J Vogelsberg, K Failing, C Staszyk
BACKGROUND: Therapy for equine periodontal disease can include filling of the periodontal pockets and widened interproximal spaces. Recommended dental materials are generally adopted from human dentistry. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the biocompatibility of dental materials for equine periodontal fillings in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro experiments. METHODS: Four different dental materials (PeriCare(®) , Provicol(®) , Calxyl(®) and Honigum) were tested on equine periodontal fibroblasts...
October 16, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
Giovanni Matarese, Luca Ramaglia, Luca Fiorillo, Gabriele Cervino, Floriana Lauritano, Gaetano Isola
INTRODUCTION: The specialty of periodontology has changed dramatically in recent years. With the long-standing goal of retaining teeth in a functional and esthetical state, the periodontology has developed a high level of expertise in the regeneration of bone and connective tissues that support the teeth. However, periodontists have also joined maxillofacial surgeons as the primary providers of implant surgery. METHODS: The tremendous innovations of periodontists induced also by the marketplace resulted in predictable periodontal treatment outcomes for most patients by the implants led to a dramatically different marketplace in which many patients with periodontitis can be treated by the implants rather than the traditional periodontal treatment...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
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