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Dentistry, dental, periodontal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778881/polymerase-chain-reaction-pcr-based-methods-promising-molecular-tools-in-dentistry
#1
REVIEW
Shahriar Shahi, Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Nazanin Fathi, Simin Sharifi
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a popular diagnosis and research technique in dentistry. Several studies show that its high sensitivity and specificity allow it as a precise, efficient, and rapid method for detection, identification, and quantification of microorganism. Several genetic polymorphisms can be determined along with detection of immune and inflammatory markers, therefore providing the more accurate perception into the mechanisms underlying the dental and periodontal disease. This review paper discusses the application of PCR as a diagnostic technique in periodontology, endodontic infections, implant-related, and peri-implantitis infection, immune and inflammatory markers identification and genetic polymorphism as well as application of next generation sequencing and gene microarray technology in dentistry mentioned...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740815/screening-for-dysglycaemia-in-dental-primary-care-practice-settings-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Ingrid Glurich, Barbara Bartkowiak, Richard L Berg, Amit Acharya
INTRODUCTION: Increasing prevalence of diabetes and periodontal disease is prompting identification of additional clinical settings to identify patients at risk for dysglycaemia. A systematic review of studies that have examined feasibility of screening for at-risk patients in general dentistry settings at point-of-care (POC) was undertaken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review of pragmatic clinical field trials piloting POC screening for dysglycaemia risk in dental settings was undertaken in studies whose primary objective was to explore rates of dysglycaemia among undiagnosed patient populations...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682267/an-unusual-deceptive-delayed-of-profuse-haemorrhage-after-mandibular-implant-dentistry-risk-planning-and-medico-legal-instruction
#3
R M Gaudio, E El Haddad, G El Haddad, D Lauritano, F Carinci
Mandibular implant placement (MIP) has been accepted and widely used for decades all over the world, and has reached a very high level of therapeutic reliability. MIP is used mostly in elderly edentulous patients who lost their teeth when dentistry was not oriented to fixed or removable prosthetic. Notwithstanding this, every year cases of severe complications during MIP due to haemorrhage causing life-threatening airway's obstruction are reported. These severe complications of MIP need immediate therapy, usually with hospitalization, and may be potentially fatal...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655407/periodontal-prosthesis-in-contemporary-dentistry
#4
REVIEW
Chiun-Lin Steven Liu
In the last 5 decades, the developments of osseointegrated titanium implants (since 1965) have led to the success of contemporary dentistry. Endosseous implant-supported restorations delivered in accordance with the traditional Branemark protocol have proven to be highly predictable. Today, implants are becoming increasingly common in dental care and provide more therapeutic options, but treatment planning and the sequencing of therapy are critical in implant-assisted and implant-supported cases. Implant prostheses give patients and dentists more options in treatment planning, but also present challenging decisions regarding implant surgery...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#5
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624676/validity-of-self-reported-periodontal-measures-demographic-characteristics-and-systemic-medical-conditions
#6
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Alejandro Cisneros, Miguel Sanchez, Scott Lunos, Larry F Wolff
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to assess self-reported periodontal screening questions, demographic characteristics, systemic medical conditions and tobacco use for predicting periodontal disease among individuals seeking dental therapy in a university dental clinic. METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 4,890 randomly selected dental charts were evaluated from among patients who had attended the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry clinics for treatment...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565801/mesenchymal-stem-cells-of-dental-origin-for-inducing-tissue-regeneration-in-periodontitis-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
Beatriz Hernández-Monjaraz, Edelmiro Santiago-Osorio, Alberto Monroy-García, Edgar Ledesma-Martínez, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
Periodontitis is a chronic disease that begins with a period of inflammation of the supporting tissues of the teeth table and then progresses, destroying the tissues until loss of the teeth occurs. The restoration of the damaged dental support apparatus is an extremely complex process due to the regeneration of the cementum, the periodontal ligament, and the alveolar bone. Conventional treatment relies on synthetic materials that fill defects and replace lost dental tissue, but these approaches are not substitutes for a real regeneration of tissue...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531611/the-effect-of-gaseous-ozone-in-infected-root-canal
#8
Nova Nexhmije Ajeti, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Sonja Apostolska
OBJECTIVES: During the treatment of chronic apical periodontitis and pulp necrosis the main role is to irrigate the root canal. AIM: The aim of this in vivo study was to irrigate with 0.9% NaCl (Natrium Chloride), 2.5 % NaOCl (Sodium Hypochlorite Solution, Sigma Aldrich - Germany) and 2% CHX (Chlorhexidine Digluconate Solution, Sigma Aldrich - Spain) combined with Gaseous Ozone (Prozone WH, Austria). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was realised in the University Dentistry Clinical Centre of Kosovo (UDCCK), respectively in the Department of Endodontic and Dental Pathology, Dental Branch, Faculty of Medicine, Prishtina, Kosovo...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513211/sterilization-of-ceramic-sharpening-stones
#9
Colin B Wiebe, Bonnie J Hoath, Gethin Owen, Jiarui Bi, Georgios Giannelis, Hannu S Larjava
Traditionally, periodontal hand instruments are honed or sharpened during patient care as they dull easily during contact with enamel, calculus and cementum. This approach is taught in dental and hygiene schools around the world and remains the standard of care. Recently, some professional organizations have questioned whether this practice should be abandoned because of safety issues. Questions have been raised whether sharpening stones can be properly sterilized and whether the sharpening of contaminated instruments poses a health hazard for the provider...
September 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496808/periodontal-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning-among-indiana-dental-faculty-periodontists-and-general-practice-dentists-a-multi-group-comparison
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Allison K Marlow, Yusuke Hamada, Gerardo Maupome, George J Eckert, Vanchit John
Diagnosis and treatment planning for periodontal disease are fraught with challenges because of the complex and multifactorial nature of the disease as well as the inherent variability in interpretation of clinical findings. It is important for all practitioners to be accurate and consistent in formulating diagnoses based on the American Academy of Periodontology classification guidelines and to implement treatment plans to adequately address patients' needs. The aim of this study was to compare diagnoses and treatment plans among four groups of participants: full-time and part-time periodontology faculty at Indiana University School of Dentistry (IUSD), full-time and part-time IUSD general practice faculty, full-time periodontists in private practice, and full-time general practitioners in private practice...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495925/in-vivo-periodontium-formation-around-titanium-implants-using-periodontal-ligament-cell-sheet
#11
Kaoru Washio, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Yuka Tsumanuma, Kosei Yano, Supreda Suphanantachat Srithanyarat, Ryo Takagi, Shizuko Ichinose, Walter Meinzer, Masayuki Yamato, Teruo Okano, Takao Hanawa, Isao Ishikawa
Osseointegrated implants have been recognized as being very reliable and having long-term predictability. However, host defense mechanisms against infection have been known to be impaired around a dental implant because of the lack of a periodontal ligament (PDL). The purpose of our experimental design was to produce cementum and PDL on the implant surface adopting cell sheet technology. To this aim we used PDL-derived cells, which contain multipotential stem cells, as the cell source and we cultured them on an implant material constituted of commercially pure titanium treated with acid etching, blasting, and a calcium phosphate (CaP) coating to improve cell attachment...
April 10, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440958/dentists-perspectives-on-the-choice-of-treatment-of-teeth-with-apical-periodontitis
#12
Andreea Iuliana Kui, Anca Jiglău Labuneţ, Codruţa Popescu, Daniela Popa, Liana Lascu
Background and aim: Therapeutic decision in dentistry is a complex cognitive process for the practitioners because it involves taking into consideration several factors, including patients' preferences. The hypothesis of this study was that apicoectomy might be indicated more often than necessary and in order to confirm or invalidate it a survey was designed. We also aimed to explore whether the preferences were associated or not with dentist-related or practice-related characteristics...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417862/nanomaterials-in-dentistry-a-cornerstone-or-a-black-box
#13
Rafał Pokrowiecki, Krzysztof Pałka, Agnieszka Mielczarek
AIM: The studies on tooth structure provided basis for nanotechnology-based dental treatment approaches known as nanodentistry which aims at detection and treatment of oral pathologies, such as dental caries and periodontal diseases, insufficiently being treated by conventional materials or drugs. This review aims at defining the role of nanodentistry in the medical area, its potential and hazards. MATERIALS & METHODS: To validate these issues, current literature on nanomaterials for dental applications was critically reviewed...
March 1, 2018: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359689/application-of-metagenomic-analyses-in-dentistry-as-a-novel-strategy-enabling-complex-insight-into-microbial-diversity-of-the-oral-cavity
#14
REVIEW
Aleksandra Burczynska, Lukasz Dziewit, Przemysław Decewicz, Izabela Struzycka, Marta Wroblewska
The composition of the oral microbiome in healthy individuals is complex and dynamic, and depends on many factors, such as anatomical location in the oral cavity, diet, oral hygiene habits or host immune responses. It is estimated at present that worldwide about 2 billion people suffer from diseases of the oral cavity, mainly periodontal disease and dental caries. Importantly, the oral microflora involved in local infections may spread and cause systemic, even life-threatening infections. In search for etiological agents of infections in dentistry, traditional approaches are not sufficient, as about 50% of oral bacteria are not cultivable...
March 30, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358537/radiographic-evaluation-of-post-core-restorations-fabricated-by-dental-students-at-jazan-university
#15
Abdullah A Meshni, Mohammed M Al Moaleem, Khurshid A Mattoo, Esam Halboub, Saleh Mh Alharisi, Ali E Shatifi, Saeed A Al Amriee, Nabiel Al Ghazali
AIM: Post and core procedures are important clinical methods in routine dental practice. The present research aimed to radiographically assess the quality of post seating performed by undergraduate students at the College of Dentistry, Jazan University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 343 periapical X-rays of cemented posts (170 from males and 173 from females) were assessed. The assessment covered tooth type, arch, gender, type of post, length of post in relation to the crown and root lengths, the presence of any abnormality in post space, status of the remaining gutta-percha (GP), and the presence or absence of spaces between the end of post and GP...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#16
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321613/evaluation-of-in-vivo-digital-root-reconstruction-based-on-anatomical-characteristics-of-the-periodontal-ligament-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#17
Chenxin Wang, Yi Liu, Siwei Wang, Yong Wang, Yijiao Zhao
This study's aim was to develop and validate an approach to automatically extract and reconstruct three-dimensional (3D) digital root models from in vivo teeth based on the anatomical characteristics of the periodontal ligament using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data. Prior to undergoing dental extractions for orthodontic purposes, the CBCT data of each study participant were collected and imported into Mimics software to reconstruct 3D in vivo digital root models (test models). Twenty roots of 17 teeth extracted from the study's participants were scanned using a dental scanner to obtain 3D in vitro digital root models (reference models)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224001/dental-caries-and-developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-the-primary-dentition-of-preterm-infants-case-control-observational-study
#18
Ina Manuela Schüler, Stefanie Haberstroh, Kristin Dawczynski, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
AIM: Assessment of dental health in the primary dentition of preterm infants (PTI) including investigation of mother- and infant-related risk factors in a case-control study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight infants aged 3-4 years were included. Sixty-four PTI (27 males) were randomly selected from the preterm registry of the Jena University Hospital. As a control group served 64 full-term infants (FTI) recruited from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, matched for age and sex...
2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204250/generation-and-role-of-reactive-oxygen-and-nitrogen-species-induced-by-plasma-lasers-chemical-agents-and-other-systems-in-dentistry
#19
REVIEW
Nayansi Jha, Jae Jun Ryu, Eun Ha Choi, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik
The generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) has been found to occur during inflammatory procedures, during cell ischemia, and in various crucial developmental processes such as cell differentiation and along cell signaling pathways. The most common sources of intracellular RONS are the mitochondrial electron transport system, NADH oxidase, and cytochrome P450. In this review, we analyzed the extracellular and intracellular sources of reactive species, their cell signaling pathways, the mechanisms of action, and their positive and negative effects in the dental field...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192692/detecting-the-earliest-radiological-signs-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis
#20
H Devlin, J Greenwall-Cohen, J Benton, T L Goodwin, A Littlewood, K Horner
Introduction Oral bisphosphonates are the most commonly prescribed anti-resorptive drugs used in the treatment of osteoporosis, but osteonecrosis of the jaw is a serious complication. The early diagnosis of this destructive side effect is crucial in preventing excessive bone loss, pain and infection.Objective To aid dental practitioners in the early identification of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.Method A scoping review was carried out.Data sources We searched MEDLINE via OVID, EMBASE via OVID, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source (DOSS), Proquest Dissertation and Theses Search, to identify references that described clinical and radiological findings in medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)...
January 2018: British Dental Journal
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