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Dentistry, dental, periodontal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925546/multidisciplinary-full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-soft-tissue-regeneration-in-the-esthetic-zone
#1
Anja Liebermann, Stefan Frei, Madalena Lucia Pinheiro Dias Engler, Otto Zuhr, Otto Prandtner, Daniel Edelhoff, Reza Saeidi Pour
OBJECTIVE: Oral rehabilitation often requires a multidisciplinary approach including restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and periodontology to fulfill high esthetic and functional demands, frequently combined with changes in the vertical dimension. The presence of gingival recessions can be associated with numerous factors, such as brushing or preparation trauma and persistent inflammation of the gingiva due to inadequate marginal fit of restorations. Because gingival recessions can cause major esthetic and functional problems, obtaining stability of the gingival tissue around prosthetic restorations is of essential concern...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#2
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879311/recent-advances-in-topical-anesthesia
#3
REVIEW
Hyo-Seol Lee
Topical anesthetics act on the peripheral nerves and reduce the sensation of pain at the site of application. In dentistry, they are used to control local pain caused by needling, placement of orthodontic bands, the vomiting reflex, oral mucositis, and rubber-dam clamp placement. Traditional topical anesthetics contain lidocaine or benzocaine as active ingredients and are used in the form of solutions, creams, gels, and sprays. Eutectic mixtures of local anesthesia cream, a mixture of various topical anesthetics, has been reported to be more potent than other anesthetics...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875082/the-brazilian-version-of-the-20-item-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-medicine-and-dentistry
#4
Agnes Fátima P Cruvinel, Daniela Alejandra C Méndez, Juliana G Oliveira, Eliézer Gutierres, Matheus Lotto, Maria Aparecida A M Machado, Thaís M Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The misunderstanding of specific vocabulary may hamper the patient-health provider communication. The 20-item Rapid Estimate Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALMD-20) was constructed to screen patients by their ability in reading medical/dental terminologies in a simple and rapid way. This study aimed to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of this instrument for its application in Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation was performed through conceptual equivalence, verbatim translation, semantic, item and operational equivalence, and back-translation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835027/-periodontology-from-the-perspective-of-holistic-integrative-medicine
#5
Q X Luan
Medical diciplines have been gradually differentiated and specialized during its developement, and problems due to deep specialization have been increasingly apparent. Its performance is as follows: dental specialists tends to focus on a certain narrow area and ignore neither the patients as a whole existence nor the role of the environmental factors. In this article, the author tries to show the holistic integrative medicine (HIM) from the point of view of periodontal specialty. In fact, the pathogenesis, the differential diagnosis and the treatment of periodontal diseases along with the role of preventive dentistry and basic medicine for periodontology must be considered as a whole using the philosophy of HIM...
August 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817154/the-gold-nun-a-case-of-a-gold-ligature-from-the-15-th-century-and-the-origins-of-restorative-dentistry-in-europe
#6
Eugénia Cunha, Catarina Leal, Miguel Munhós, Isabel Poiares Baptista
We here report the discovery of a gold dental ligature from the late 15(th) century, at the Convent of Santa Clara-a-Velha, in the city of Coimbra, Portugal. A medieval Clare's nun presented the left upper lateral incisor splinted to the canine, since the others three incisors were lost, most probably due to an aggressive periodontal disease. The convent is associated with the medieval upper class, which was well known for its consumption of high levels of sugar. There is a higher prevalence of caries in comparison to other Portuguese skeletal samples of the same time period, as well as a high prevalence of periodontal disease...
August 17, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804675/transition-in-dental-treatment-utilization-in-jammu-and-kashmir-india-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#7
Aasim Farooq Shah, Manu Batra, A Ishrat
BACKGROUND: Utilization of health services is the actual attendance by the members of the public at health care facilities to receive care. Utilization, serves as an important tool for oral health policy decision-making. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively gauge and assess the utilization pattern of the dental treatments which was given in hospital for last 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective infirmary based study was carried out at Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798429/dento-legal-considerations-about-an-mi-approach
#8
L D'Cruz
Over the years there have been many conceptual changes in how dental disease is prevented and managed. What is now the norm and standard practice was at some earlier time considered to be at best pioneering, and at its worst, heresy or negligent. When we look, for example at how we conservatively manage periodontal disease when less than a generation ago we were wielding surgical knives far more frequently than we do now, we can see how research and evidence-based dentistry has influenced our thinking. We are very much at that tipping point now with minimum intervention (MI) dentistry...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779891/silver-nanoparticles-in-dentistry
#9
REVIEW
Victor T Noronha, Amauri J Paula, Gabriela Durán, Andre Galembeck, Karina Cogo-Müller, Michelle Franz-Montan, Nelson Durán
OBJECTIVE: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been extensively studied for their antimicrobial properties, which provide an extensive applicability in dentistry. Because of this increasing interest in AgNPs, the objective of this paper was to review their use in nanocomposites; implant coatings; pre-formulation with antimicrobial activity against cariogenic pathogens, periodontal biofilm, fungal pathogens and endodontic bacteria; and other applications such as treatment of oral cancer and local anesthesia...
October 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770164/use-of-elevator-instruments-when-luxating-and-extracting-teeth-in-dentistry-clinical-techniques
#10
John Mamoun
In dentistry, elevator instruments are used to luxate teeth, and this technique imparts forces to tooth particles that sever the periodontal ligament around tooth roots inside the socket and expand alveolar bone around tooth particles. These effects can result in extraction of the tooth particles or facilitate systematic forceps extraction of the tooth particles. This article presents basic oral surgery techniques for applying elevators to luxate teeth. Determination of the optimal luxation technique requires understanding of the functions of the straight elevator and the Cryer elevator, the concept of purchase points, how the design elements of elevator working ends and tips influence the functionality of an elevator, application of forces to tooth particles, sectioning teeth at furcations, and bone removal to facilitate luxation...
June 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765464/the-effect-of-new-oral-care-technologies-on-the-need-for-dentists-in-2040
#11
Peter M Milgrom, Jeremy A Horst
This article addresses changes in technology of oral self-care or professional care that may increase or decrease the demand for dentists by 2040. The focus is on dental caries, periodontitis, and temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), as the first two are the main areas of current practice and because TMD is an area for growth. To address this question, the authors examined the scientific literature and government registries to identify recent or soon-to-be-available technologies. They also examined the state of translational efficiency, dissemination, and adoption of advances into dental practice...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764802/mesenchymal-stem-cells-derived-from-inflamed-dental-pulpal-and-gingival-tissue-a-potential-application-for-bone-formation
#12
Laura Tomasello, Rodolfo Mauceri, Antonina Coppola, Maria Pitrone, Giuseppe Pizzo, Giuseppina Campisi, Giuseppe Pizzolanti, Carla Giordano
BACKGROUND: Chronic periodontal disease is an infectious disease consisting of prolonged inflammation of the supporting tooth tissue and resulting in bone loss. Guided bone regeneration procedures have become common and safe treatments in dentistry, and in this context dental stem cells would represent the ideal solution as autologous cells. In this study, we verified the ability of dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DPSCs) and gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) harvested from periodontally affected teeth to produce new mineralized bone tissue in vitro, and compared this to cells from healthy teeth...
August 1, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758298/quo-vadis-what-is-the-future-of-periodontics-how-will-we-get-there
#13
REVIEW
Kenneth S Kornman, William V Giannobile, Gordon W Duff
Approximately 40 years ago periodontists began systematically developing the evidence to treat predictably and prevent gingivitis and periodontitis. More recently, periodontists have been among a small group of skilled dental-implant surgeons leading that revolution in dentistry. Today, much of the mild/localized moderate periodontitis is not treated by periodontists, and an increasing number of implants are placed by dentists with limited surgical training. The current field of periodontics includes a broad range of surgical skills and technologies to regenerate predictably destroyed tissues and manage complex interdisciplinary treatment that may, in some way, involve the tissues that support teeth and implants...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748031/antibiofilm-peptides-against-oral-biofilms
#14
Zhejun Wang, Ya Shen, Markus Haapasalo
The oral cavity is a major entry point for bacteria and other microorganisms. Oral biofilms are formed by mixed communities of microorganisms embedded in an exopolysaccharide matrix. Biofilms forming on dental hard or soft tissue are the major cause of caries and endodontic and periodontal disease. Human oral biofilms exhibit high resistance to antimicrobial agents. Antibiofilm peptides constitute a diverse class of host-defense molecules that act to combat invasion and infection with biofilms. Different in vitro and in vivo biofilm models with quantitative analysis have been established to provide predictable platforms for the evaluation of the antibiofilm effect of oral antibiofilm peptides...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744872/antibiotic-prescription-for-endodontic-infections-a-survey-of-brazilian-endodontists
#15
M R Bolfoni, F G Pappen, T Pereira-Cenci, R C Jacinto
AIM: To investigate antibiotic prescribing habits reported by Brazilian endodontists in specific clinical situations. METHODOLOGY: Brazilian endodontists (n = 13 853) were invited to answer an online questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: the first part contained personal data such as age, gender, years of experience and location of endodontic practice; the second part included questions regarding their behaviour when prescribing antibiotics in dental practice...
July 26, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738710/use-of-traditional-herbal-medicine-as-an-alternative-in-dental-treatment-in-mexican-dentistry-a-review
#16
Cindy Cruz Martínez, Martha Diaz Gómez, Myung Sook Oh
CONTEXT: Herbal therapies are used worldwide to treat health conditions. In Mexico, generations have used them to treat gingivitis, periodontitis, mouth infections, and discoloured teeth. However, few studies have collected scientific evidence on their effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at searching and compiling scientific evidence of alternative oral and dental treatments using medicinal herbs from Mexico. METHODS: We collected various Mexican medicinal plants used in the dental treatment from the database of the Institute of Biology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718462/-preventive-dentistry-7-getting-rid-of-halitosis
#17
T M H de Jong, M L Laine
Halitosis or bad breath is a problem that affects many people and its source is generally found in the oral cavity (intra-oral halitosis). Bacteria in the oral cavity produce volatile sulphur compounds such as hydrogen sulphide and methyl mercaptan that not only emit an unpleasant odour, but may also have toxic effects on the periodontal tissues. Good oral hygiene, a healthy periodontium and healthy teeth are the basis for the prevention of intra-oral halitosis and dentists and dental hygienists therefore play an essential role in its prevention...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710202/a-motivational-interview-intervention-delivered-at-home-to-improve-the-oral-health-literacy-and-reduce-the-morbidity-of-chilean-disadvantaged-families-a-study-protocol-for-a-community-trial
#18
Ricardo Cartes-Velasquez, Carlos Araya, Raúl Flores, Luis Luengo, Francisca Castillo, Alex Bustos
INTRODUCTION: Oral health education/promotion interventions have been identified as cost-efficient tools to improve the oral health of the population. These interventions are regularly made in contexts where the target population is captive, for example, in health centres. In Chile, there are no oral health interventions delivered at home. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This community trial covers two disadvantaged urban areas in the province of Concepción. Both sectors have public preschool education coverage with a traditional programme (TP) to promote oral health...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#19
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620442/efficacy-of-nanoceria-for-periodontal-tissues-alteration-in-glutamate-induced-obese-rats-multidisciplinary-considerations-for-personalized-dentistry-and-prevention
#20
Tetyana V Beregova, Karine S Neporada, Maksym Skrypnyk, Tetyana M Falalyeyeva, Nadiya M Zholobak, Oleksandr B Shcherbakov, Mykola Ya Spivak, Rostyslav V Bubnov
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, we face the global epidemic of obesity, that is known to contribute to the development of many diseases, such as the oral cavity pathologies. Dental and oral pathologies are frequently caused by and overlapped with systemic multifactorial diseases such as obesity being its early indicators and risk factors. The aim was to study the influence of nanoceria on periodontal tissues alteration in glutamate (MSG)-induced obese rats. METHODS: We included 52 Wistar rats of both genders and divided into four groups: newborn rats in group 1 (control) received subcutaneously 8 μl/g saline...
March 2017: EPMA Journal
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