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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#1
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620442/efficacy-of-nanoceria-for-periodontal-tissues-alteration-in-glutamate-induced-obese-rats-multidisciplinary-considerations-for-personalized-dentistry-and-prevention
#2
Tetyana V Beregova, Karine S Neporada, Maksym Skrypnyk, Tetyana M Falalyeyeva, Nadiya M Zholobak, Oleksandr B Shcherbakov, Mykola Ya Spivak, Rostyslav V Bubnov
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, we face the global epidemic of obesity, that is known to contribute to the development of many diseases, such as the oral cavity pathologies. Dental and oral pathologies are frequently caused by and overlapped with systemic multifactorial diseases such as obesity being its early indicators and risk factors. The aim was to study the influence of nanoceria on periodontal tissues alteration in glutamate (MSG)-induced obese rats. METHODS: We included 52 Wistar rats of both genders and divided into four groups: newborn rats in group 1 (control) received subcutaneously 8 μl/g saline...
March 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616088/effect-of-prophylactic-administration-of-novafen-for-periodontal-surgery-on-postoperative-pain-relief
#3
A Kashefimehr, A Babaloo, M Ghanizadeh, S H Ghasemi, H Mollazadeh
Pain is a subjective feeling and one of the defense and alerting mechanisms of the body, which is distinguished from the body senses, including touch sensation and perception of heat, cold, pressure, etc. Pain, discomfort, and edema are very common after dental procedures, especially after periodontal surgeries, usually occurring during the first 24 hours after surgery; such pains are classified as medium to severe pains. Generally, medications are used to manage patients' pain and discomfort. One of the most commonly used medications for pain control is Ibuprofen, which is one of the NSAIDs and is a simple derivative of phenylpropionic acid...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578369/what-is-the-frequency-of-anatomical-variations-and-pathological-findings-in-maxillary-sinuses-among-patients-subjected-to-maxillofacial-cone-beam-computed-tomography-a-systematic-review
#4
J Ata-Ali, J-V Diago-Vilalta, M Melo, L Bagán, M-C Soldini, C Di-Nardo, F Ata-Ali, J-F Mañes-Ferrer
BACKGROUND: When considering dental implant rehabilitation in atrophic posterior sectors, the maxillary sinuses must be evaluated in detail. Knowledge of the anatomical variations and of the potential lesions found in these structures conditions the outcome of sinus lift procedures and therefore of the dental implants. A systematic review is made to determine the frequency of anatomical variations and pathological findings in maxillary sinuses among patients subjected to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571762/filling-bone-defects-with-%C3%AE-tcp-in-maxillofacial-surgery-a-review
#5
REVIEW
B Guillaume
Reconstruction of bone defects prior to implant placement now involves synthetic substitutes such as β-TCP because of its ability to promote bone remodeling. Its capacity to be progressively substituted by the patient's bone allows to regenerate a dense bone volume. In addition, its availability in large quantities, avoiding the morbidity observed with harvesting autogenous bone, widens the operative indications. In this paper, the main indications of β-TCP in maxillofacial surgery (dentistry, parodontology and dental implant surgery) are reviewed...
May 29, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571295/dental-avengers-taking-retainer-stability-and-aesthetics-into-next-era
#6
Sayam Patil, Sanjeev Jakati
Adult patients are realizing that practical, realistic options now exist to "straighten" their teeth because the cosmetic dentistry revolution has begun to include even "adult short-term cosmetic orthodontics" as an integral part. Previously, the patients were bound to select between either the aesthetic benefits of ceramic or the bondability characteristic of composite, however this can now be fabricated in such a manner that still allows placement of a lingual splint so as to steady the orthodontic movement...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560233/evolution-current-status-and-advances-in-application-of-platelet-concentrate-in-periodontics-and-implantology
#7
REVIEW
Amit Arvind Agrawal
Platelet concentrates (PC) [platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)] are frequently used for surgical procedures in medical and dental fields, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery and sports medicine. The objective of all these technologies is to extract all the elements from a blood sample that could be used to improve healing and promote tissue regeneration. Although leukocyte rich and leukocyte poor PRP's have their own place in literature, the importance of non-platelet components in a platelet concentrate remains a mystery...
May 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551729/use-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-regenerative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Richard J Miron, Giovanni Zucchelli, Michael A Pikos, Maurice Salama, Samuel Lee, Vincent Guillemette, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Mark Bishara, Yufeng Zhang, Hom-Lay Wang, Fatiha Chandad, Cleopatra Nacopoulos, Alain Simonpieri, Alexandre Amir Aalam, Pietro Felice, Gilberto Sammartino, Shahram Ghanaati, Maria A Hernandez, Joseph Choukroun
OBJECTIVES: Research across many fields of medicine now points towards the clinical advantages of combining regenerative procedures with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). This systematic review aimed to gather the extensive number of articles published to date on PRF in the dental field to better understand the clinical procedures where PRF may be utilized to enhance tissue/bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Manuscripts were searched systematically until May 2016 and separated into the following categories: intrabony and furcation defect regeneration, extraction socket management, sinus lifting procedures, gingival recession treatment, and guided bone regeneration (GBR) including horizontal/vertical bone augmentation procedures...
July 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523244/an-evaluation-of-the-gingival-biotype-and-the-width-of-keratinized-gingiva-in-the-mandibular-anterior-region-of-individuals-with-different-dental-malocclusion-groups-and-levels-of-crowding
#9
Yeşim Kaya, Özer Alkan, Sıddık Keskin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of gingival thickness (GT) and the width of keratinized gingiva (WKG) with different malocclusion groups and the level of crowding. METHODS: A total of 187 periodontally healthy subjects (121 females and 66 males) who presented at the Faculty of Dentistry in Yüzüncü Yıl University for orthodontic treatment were enrolled in the study. The individuals involved in the study were divided into three groups; Angle Class I malocclusion, Angle Class II malocclusion, and Angle Class III malocclusion...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522282/quality-indicators-for-the-use-of-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#10
Rugzan Jameel Hussein, Robert Krohn, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Gerald Willms
BACKGROUND: Risks resulted from using systemic antibiotics such as increasing rates of bacterial resistance, allergy and side effects should be always weighed individually for each patient against any potential benefits. Routine antibiotic prescribing must be therefore discouraged. The Federal Joint Committee ("Gemeinsamer Bundesauschuss", G-BA) commissioned the AQUA-Institute with the development of an external quality assurance procedure, examining systemic antibiotic use in periodontal, conservative and surgical treatments in ambulatory dental health care...
May 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511093/hypoxia-based-strategies-for-regenerative-dentistry-views-from-the-different-dental-fields
#11
REVIEW
Anna Sonja Müller, Klara Janjić, Bledar Lilaj, Michael Edelmayer, Hermann Agis
The understanding of the cell biological processes underlying development and regeneration of oral tissues leads to novel regenerative approaches. Over the past years, knowledge on key roles of the hypoxia-based response has become more profound. Based on these findings, novel regenerative approaches for dentistry are emerging, which target cellular oxygen sensors. These approaches include hypoxia pre-conditioning and pharmacologically simulated hypoxia. The increase in studies on hypoxia and hypoxia-based strategies in regenerative dentistry highlights the growing attention to hypoxia's role in regeneration and its underlying biology, as well as its application in a therapeutic setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496240/beyond-onj-a-review-of-the-potential-uses-of-bisphosphonates-in-dentistry
#12
N P Shah, S Nayee, M Pazianas, C Sproat
There is evidence, although limited, for beneficial effects of bisphophonates (BPs) across multiple dental specialties. Within implant dentistry BP coatings have been shown to significantly increase pull out forces and bone density in animal models, and significantly increase implant stability whilst reducing marginal bone loss in humans. Adjunctive topical and systemic application of BPs during conventional periodontal treatment have shown significant improvements in probing depth and clinical attachment level in various forms of periodontal disease...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491933/wnt-and-bmp-signaling-crosstalk-in-regulating-dental-stem-cells-implications-in-dental-tissue-engineering
#13
Fugui Zhang, Jinglin Song, Hongmei Zhang, Enyi Huang, Dongzhe Song, Viktor Tollemar, Jing Wang, Jinhua Wang, Maryam Mohammed, Qiang Wei, Jiaming Fan, Junyi Liao, Yulong Zou, Feng Liu, Xue Hu, Xiangyang Qu, Liqun Chen, Xinyi Yu, Hue H Luu, Michael J Lee, Tong-Chuan He, Ping Ji
Tooth is a complex hard tissue organ and consists of multiple cell types that are regulated by important signaling pathways such as Wnt and BMP signaling. Serious injuries and/or loss of tooth or periodontal tissues may significantly impact aesthetic appearance, essential oral functions and the quality of life. Regenerative dentistry holds great promise in treating oral/dental disorders. The past decade has witnessed a rapid expansion of our understanding of the biological features of dental stem cells, along with the signaling mechanisms governing stem cell self-renewal and differentiation...
December 2016: Genes & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479933/the-potential-of-enriched-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-neural-crest-cell-phenotypes-as-a-cell-source-for-regenerative-dentistry
#14
REVIEW
Kunimichi Niibe, Maolin Zhang, Kosuke Nakazawa, Satoru Morikawa, Taneaki Nakagawa, Yumi Matsuzaki, Hiroshi Egusa
Effective regenerative treatments for periodontal tissue defects have recently been demonstrated using mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs). Furthermore, current bioengineering techniques have enabled de novo fabrication of tooth-perio dental units in mice. These cutting-edge technologies are expected to address unmet needs within regenerative dentistry. However, to achieve efficient and stable treatment outcomes, preparation of an appropriate stem cell source is essential. Many researchers are investigating the use of adult stem cells for regenerative dentistry; bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) are particularly promising and presently used clinically...
May 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#15
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462406/effectiveness-of-radio-waves-application-in-modern-general-dental-procedures-an-update
#16
Arslan Qureshi, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Michael A Pikos, Fawad Javed, Georgios E Romanos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to review indexed literature and provide an update on the effectiveness of high-frequency radio waves (HRW) application in modern general dentistry procedures. DATA SOURCES: Indexed databases were searched to identify articles that assessed the efficacy of radio waves in dental procedures. RESULTS: Radiosurgery is a refined form of electrosurgery that uses waves of electrons at a radiofrequency ranging between 2 and 4 MHz...
April 28, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461638/evaluation-of-a-new-grading-system-for-clinical-skills-in-dental-student-clinics
#17
Aurel D Bodenmann, Julia M Bühler, Mauro Amato, Ronald Weiger, Nicola U Zitzmann
Several evaluation systems for clinical exams have been suggested over the years, but no systematic analysis of checklists or criteria-based exam forms has yet been undertaken. The aims of this study were to analyze criteria-based evaluation forms and to identify areas in the teaching process potentially requiring improvements. All evaluation forms introduced in 2012 at the Clinic for Periodontology, Endodontology, and Cariology at the University Center of Dental Medicine in Basel, Switzerland, and applied over a three-year period (n=1,093 in 2015) were analyzed using predefined criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444905/the-value-of-a-combined-word-recognition-and-knowledge-measure-to-understand-characteristics-of-our-patients-oral-health-literacy
#18
Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the analysis was to examine the association between sociodemographic and dental understanding and utilization characteristics and lower oral health literacy (HL) and knowledge. METHODS: The cross-sectional Multicenter Oral Health Literacy Research Study (MOHLRS) recruited and interviewed 923 English-speaking, initial care-seeking adults. The questionnaire included participant sociodemographic characteristics, measures of the participant's understanding and utilization of dentistry, and two oral HL measures, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALM-D) and the Comprehensive Measure of Oral Health Knowledge (CMOHK), which were combined into a new composite HL and knowledge measure, the MOHLR-K...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#19
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429486/chronic-periodontitis-and-implant-dentistry
#20
REVIEW
Michael M Smith, Ellie T Knight, Latfiya Al-Harthi, Jonathan W Leichter
Dental implants are regularly placed in patients with a history of periodontitis, even though peri-implant tissues are susceptible to the same host-modulated plaque-induced factors that initiate and sustain periodontitis. This article endeavors to clarify the evidence regarding the history of periodontitis as a risk factor for implant success and survival, and the role of supportive periodontal therapy in maintaining implants for individuals with a history of periodontitis.
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
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