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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229477/-why-not-you-discourses-of-widening-access-on-uk-medical-school-websites
#1
Kirsty Alexander, Tania Fahey Palma, Sandra Nicholson, Jennifer Cleland
CONTEXT: In the UK, applications to medicine from those in lower socio-economic groups remain low despite significant investments of time, interest and resources in widening access (WA) to medicine. This suggests that medical schools' core messages about WA may be working to embed or further reinforce marginalisation, rather than to combat this. Our objective was to investigate how the value of WA is communicated by UK medical schools through their websites, and how this may create expectations regarding who is 'suitable' for medicine...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221247/self-managed-ehealth-disease-monitoring-in-children-and-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Katrine Carlsen, Christian Jakobsen, Gunnar Houen, Thomas Kallemose, Anders Paerregaard, Lene B Riis, Pia Munkholm, Vibeke Wewer
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of eHealth on disease activity, the need for hospital contacts, and medical adherence in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Furthermore, to assess eHealth's influence on school attendance and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Patients with IBD, 10 to 17 years attending a public university hospital, were prospectively randomized to a 2-year open label case-controlled eHealth intervention. The eHealth-group used the web-application young...
March 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218940/financial-and-time-burdens-for-medical-students-interviewing-for-residency
#3
Paul Callaway, Trisha Melhado, Anne Walling, Jordan Groskurth
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interviewing for residency positions is increasingly stressful for students and challenging for programs. Little information is available about the costs and time invested by students in interviewing or about the key factors in decisions to accept interview offers. Our objective was to assess the time and financial costs of residency interviewing for an entire class at a regional campus and explore factors influencing student decisions to accept interviews. METHODS: We used a 14-item survey administered electronically immediately following National Resident Matching Program results...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215494/2d-versus-3d-in-laparoscopic-surgery-by-beginners-and-experts-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-a-pelvitrainer-in-objectively-graded-surgical-steps
#4
Johannes Spille, Antonia Wenners, Ulrike von Hehn, Nicolai Maass, Ulrich Pecks, Liselotte Mettler, Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Progress in endoscopic surgery in the past few decades has led to the application of 3-dimensional (3D) procedures in operating rooms. This permits patient- and surgeon-friendly operations and also maximizes the superiority of laparoscopy over laparotomy. In this study, we compare 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D endoscopy techniques with regard to time, efficiency, optics, and handling by users with different degrees of experience at 4 difficulty levels. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial on a pelvitrainer in objectively graded surgical steps for students and postgraduates...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211003/an-easy-to-build-low-budget-point-of-care-ultrasound-simulator-from-linux-to-a-web-based-solution
#5
Domagoj Damjanovic, Ulrich Goebel, Benedikt Fischer, Martin Huth, Hartmut Breger, Hartmut Buerkle, Axel Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Hands-on training in point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) should ideally comprise bedside teaching, as well as simulated clinical scenarios. High-fidelity phantoms and portable ultrasound simulation systems are commercially available, however, at considerable costs. This limits their suitability for medical schools. A Linux-based software for Emergency Department Ultrasound Simulation (edus2TM) was developed by Kulyk and Olszynski in 2011. Its feasibility for POC-US education has been well-documented, and shows good acceptance...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196661/pediatric-medical-device-development-by-surgeons-via-capstone-engineering-design-programs
#6
Bryan S Sack, Rodolfo A Elizondo, Gene O Huang, Nicolette Janzen, Jimmy Espinoza, Magdalena Sanz-Cortes, Jennifer E Dietrich, Julie Hakim, Eric Richardson, Maria Oden, John Hanks, Balakrishna Haridas, James F Hury, Chester J Koh
BACKGROUND: There is a need for pediatric medical devices that accommodate the unique physiology and anatomy of pediatric patients that is increasingly receiving more attention. However, there is limited literature on the programs within children's hospitals and academia that can support pediatric device development. We describe our experience with pediatric device design utilizing collaborations between a children's hospital and two engineering schools. METHODS: Utilizing the academic year as a timeline, unmet pediatric device needs were identified by surgical faculty and matched with an engineering mentor and a team of students within the Capstone Engineering Design programs at two universities...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190366/predictors-of-remote-practice-location-in-the-first-seven-cohorts-of-james-cook-university-mbbs-graduates
#7
Torres Woolley, Tarun Sen Gupta, Maria Bellei
INTRODUCTION: This article describes factors predicting James Cook University (JCU) medical graduates undertaking at least 1 year of remote practice. The cross-sectional design involved point-in-time (2015) analysis of the JCU medical school's ongoing longitudinal graduate tracking database. Participants were the first seven cohorts of graduates from the JCU medical school who had completed at least their postgraduate year (PGY) 4 in Australia (<i>n</i>=529); that is, PGY 4 to PGY 10 graduates...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184060/do-high-tuition-fees-make-a-difference-characteristics-of-applicants-to-uk-medical-and-dental-schools-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-high-tuition-fees-in-2012
#8
J E Gallagher, A Calvert, V Niven, L Cabot
Aim To compare trends in the volume, socio-demography and academic experience of UK applicants and entrants to medicine and dentistry in the UK with university in general, before and after the major increase in university fees in England in 2012.Methods Descriptive trend analyses of University and College Admissions Services (UCAS) data for focused (preferred subject was medicine or dentistry) and accepted applicants, 2010-14, compared with university in general in relation to socio-demography (age, sex, ethnicity, POLAR 2, region) and academic experience (school type)...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184054/do-high-tuition-fees-make-a-difference-in-dentistry
#9
(no author information available yet)
Do high tuition fees make a difference? Characteristics of applicants to UK medical and dental schools before and after the introduction of high tuition fees in 2012.
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179360/sixty-seconds-on-medical-school-applications
#10
Tom Moberly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178909/doctoring-undercover-updating-the-educational-tradition-of-shadowing
#11
Claire D Clark
BACKGROUND: Premedical students are educated in basic biological and health sciences. As a complement to traditional premedical coursework, medical school applicants are encouraged to shadow practitioners, with the hope that observation will introduce students to the culture and practice of healthcare. Yet the shadowing experience varies widely across practitioners and institutions; resources that guide students' critical reflection and structure the experience are scarce. DEVELOPMENT: A pilot experiential learning course, Doctoring Undercover: Shadowing and the Culture of Medicine, was developed to fill this gap...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176890/contextualizing-the-relevance-of-basic-sciences-small-group-simulation-with-debrief-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students-in-an-integrated-curriculum
#12
Samara B Ginzburg, Judith Brenner, Michael Cassara, Thomas Kwiatkowski, Joanne M Willey
AIM: There has been a call for increased integration of basic and clinical sciences during preclinical years of undergraduate medical education. Despite the recognition that clinical simulation is an effective pedagogical tool, little has been reported on its use to demonstrate the relevance of basic science principles to the practice of clinical medicine. We hypothesized that simulation with an integrated science and clinical debrief used with early learners would illustrate the importance of basic science principles in clinical diagnosis and management of patients...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139148/circadian-preferences-in-young-adults-psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-the-portuguese-version-of-the-preferences-scale-ps-6
#13
Daniel Ruivo Marques, Ana Allen Gomes, Lee Di Milia, Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
Morningness is a trait-like variable which has been extensively studied within chronobiology. Despite the number of existing measures to assess morningness, there is a need for brief instruments that are psychometrically sound to be used in applied settings. Accordingly, the modified version of the Preferences Scale (PS-6) comprises six items and was reported to have adequate reliability and satisfactory validity indicators. In this article, the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the PS-6 are reported...
January 31, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124959/-prevalence-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-hla-b-57-01-in-hiv-infected-patients
#14
Aydın Deveci, Ahmet Yılmaz Çoban, Belma Durupınar
Deaths related with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections have been decreased by the introduction of combined anti-retroviral therapy (ART) into the clinical practice. Combined ART usually consists of two nucleoside/nucleotide analogs reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) that is called backbone and a third drug that belongs to either non-nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI), protease inhibitors (PI), integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTI) or entry inhibitors. During abacavir therapy which is a member of NRTI, hypersensitivity reactions can occur approximately 4-9% of the patients that lead difficulties for the management of HIV infections...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116440/-application-of-pbl-combined-with-sp-method-in-during-course-practice-of-endodontics-for-undergraduate-dental-students
#15
Li-Na Shao, Li-Hong Qiu, Fu-Liang Zhan, Ming Xue
PURPOSE: To apply problem-based learning (PBL) combined with standardized patients(SP) in during-course practice of endodontics for undergraduate dental students, in order to improve the teaching quality. METHODS: One hundred and four undergraduate dental students of China Medical University School of Stomatology were randomly divided into 2 groups, 52 students in each group. One group were taught with PBL combined with SP while the other group with lecture-based learning (LBL) alone...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116016/student-advising-recommendations-from-the-council-of-residency-directors-student-advising-task-force
#16
Emily Hillman, Lucienne Lutfy-Clayton, Sameer Desai, Adam Kellogg, Xiao Chi Zhang, Kevin Hu, Jamie Hess
Residency training in emergency medicine (EM) is highly sought after by U.S. allopathic medical school seniors; recently there has been a marked increase in the number of applications per student, raising costs for students and programs. Disseminating accurate advising information to applicants and programs could reduce excessive applying. Advising students applying to EM is a critical role for educators, clerkship directors, and program leaders (residency program director, associate and assistant program directors)...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116008/who-to-interview-low-adherence-by-u-s-medical-schools-to-medical-student-performance-evaluation-format-makes-resident-selection-difficult
#17
Megan Boysen-Osborn, Justin Yanuck, James Mattson, Shannon Toohey, Alisa Wray, Warren Wiechmann, Shadi Lahham, Mark I Langdorf
INTRODUCTION: The Medical Student Performance Evaluation (MSPE) appendices provide a program director with comparative performance for a student's academic and professional attributes, but they are frequently absent or incomplete. METHODS: We reviewed MSPEs from applicants to our emergency medicine residency program from 134 of 136 (99%) U.S. allopathic medical schools, over two application cycles (2012-13, 2014-15). We determined the degree of compliance with each of the five recommended MSPE appendices...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103391/bedside-to-bench-re-thinking-nursing-research
#18
EDITORIAL
Seamus Cowman
There is very little clarity or agreement in the nursing profession on the best way to teach and examine students on research understanding, let alone develop and appraise nursing research application to patient care. Nursing research, in the curriculum, is a patchwork of interpretation, and in application it is delivered with varied levels of complexity across schools of Nursing and Midwifery, often with disregard to distinguishing undergraduate from postgraduate research teaching. This is not uncommon in health professions education, as this lack of clarity on teaching research also extends to medical schools...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093195/health-and-functioning-of-adolescents-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-technology
#19
Eyal Fruchter, Ronit Beck-Fruchter, Ariel Hourvitz, Mark Weiser, Shira Goldberg, Daphna Fenchel, Liat Lerner-Geva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the general health, mental health, and cognitive ability of assisted reproductive technology (ART)-conceived adolescents. DESIGN: A nested case-control study within a historic cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 253 ART-conceived adolescents born between 1982 and 1993 and 253 matched references according to birth year, gender, and the high-school they attended. INTERVENTION(S): None...
January 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076356/the-limitations-of-the-gre-in-predicting-success-in-biomedical-graduate-school
#20
Liane Moneta-Koehler, Abigail M Brown, Kimberly A Petrie, Brent J Evans, Roger Chalkley
Historically, admissions committees for biomedical Ph.D. programs have heavily weighed GRE scores when considering applications for admission. The predictive validity of GRE scores on graduate student success is unclear, and there have been no recent investigations specifically on the relationship between general GRE scores and graduate student success in biomedical research. Data from Vanderbilt University Medical School's biomedical umbrella program were used to test to what extent GRE scores can predict outcomes in graduate school training when controlling for other admissions information...
2017: PloS One
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