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Medical school application

Joshua J Fenton, Kevin Fiscella, Anthony F Jerant, Francis Sousa, Mark Henderson, Tonya Fancher, Peter Franks
A diverse physician workforce is needed to increase access to care for underserved populations, particularly as the Affordable Care Act expands insurance coverage. Yet legal restrictions constrain the extent to which medical schools may use race/ethnicity in admissions decisions. We conducted simulations using academic metrics and socioeconomic data from applicants to a California public medical school from 2011 to 2013. The simulations systematically adjusted medical school applicants' academic metrics for socioeconomic disadvantage...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
W E De Leng, K M Stegers-Jager, A Husbands, J S Dowell, M Ph Born, A P N Themmen
Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) are increasingly used for medical school selection. Scoring an SJT is more complicated than scoring a knowledge test, because there are no objectively correct answers. The scoring method of an SJT may influence the construct and concurrent validity and the adverse impact with respect to non-traditional students. Previous research has compared only a small number of scoring methods and has not studied the effect of scoring method on internal consistency reliability. This study compared 28 different scoring methods for a rating SJT on internal consistency reliability, adverse impact and correlation with personality...
October 18, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Zulfi Haneef, Sharon Chiang, Holly Rutherford, Arun Antony
INTRODUCTION: Fellowship training in Clinical Neurophysiology (CNP) is often sought following Neurology residency. However, data documenting the reasons for choosing CNP fellowship, and experiences therein, are sparse. METHODS: Current Neurophysiology fellows across the United States participated in a 17-item, internet-based survey. Data regarding demographics, reasons for choosing fellowship, adequacy of training, and future plans were collected. RESULTS: Among respondents (n=49), 84% graduated from a US medical school...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Christin Giordano, David Hutchinson, Richard Peppler
PURPOSE: The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 plays a pivotal role in one's residency application. While prior literature has investigated which factors influence performance on the examination, the authors sought to include factors such as performance on a well-used question bank and financial need to develop a predictive model. METHOD : After obtaining institutional review board approval, the authors surveyed two consecutive second-year medical school classes and correlated the data to the students' Step 1 and National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Comprehensive Basic Science Examination (CBSE) scores...
September 7, 2016: Curēus
Daniel A London, Ryan P Calfee, Martin I Boyer
Orthopedic surgery lacks racial and sexual diversity, which we hypothesized stems from absence of exposure to orthopedics during medical school. We conducted a study to determine whether diversity of matched orthopedic surgery residency applicants increased after introduction of a required third-year rotation. We compared 2 groups: precurriculum and postcurriculum. The postcurriculum group was exposed to a required 1-month musculoskeletal rotation during the third year of medical school. Comparisons were made of percentage of total students exposed to orthopedics, percentage who applied to and matched to orthopedic surgery, and proportion of women and underrepresented minorities...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Zubin J Daruwalla, Jing L Loh, Chaoyan Dong
BACKGROUND: The Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) of Singapore was first passed in 2012, with subsequent enforcement regulations effective in 2014. Although medical education via digital platforms is not often used in medical schools in Singapore as of yet, many current means of communication at all levels in the medical community from medical schools to clinics to hospitals are unsecure and noncompliant with the PDPA. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study will assess the effectiveness of MyDoc, a secure, mobile telehealth application and messaging platform, as an educational tool, secure communications tool, and a tool to raise awareness of the PDPA...
August 9, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Kenneth Royal, Mari-Wells Hedgpeth, Dan McWhorter
BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed that incoming students in medical education programs will be better equipped for the "digital age" given their younger age and an educational upbringing in which technology was seemingly omnipresent. In particular, many assume that today's medical students are more likely to hold positive attitudes and increased comfortability with technology and possess greater information technology (IT) skills. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare responses of incoming veterinary medical students to a series of IT-related questions contained in a common questionnaire over the course of a 10-year period (2005-2015) to discern whether students' attitudes have improved and uses and comfortability with technology have increased as anticipated...
May 18, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Francesco Ravasini, Matteo Fornari, Mauro Bonanini
BACKGROUND: The use of photogrammetry may be a new method to quantify the amount of artificial dental material removed from the surface of each teeth during the grind procedure (SG). SG is necessary in each denture to reach a correct occlusion. It consists in a refine action on the prosthesis teeth's surface using milling machine tools, aimed to remove the interferences (pre-contacts) between upper and lower teeth during chewing. This measure is achieved after a comparison between pre and post-grinding 3D models...
December 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
Katherine Rhoades, Sarah Telliard, Tiffany Stanfill Thomas, Jennifer L Barkin
OBJECTIVE: We examined 1) women's perceptions regarding self-care, 2) applications of self-care, and 3) barriers to practicing effective self-care. METHODS: Four focus groups were conducted in a low-income, pregnant population. Focus group recruitment and discussions took place at a large medical center in a medically underserved area of central Georgia. Thirty-two adult pregnant women attending a high-risk obstetric clinic were included. Data related to holistic self-care were identified and grouped into one of three categories: women's valuations of self-care, applications of self-care, and barriers to self-care...
September 30, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Joyce N Achenjang, Carol L Elam
The goal of matriculating a diverse medical cohort remains important for institutions across the country as it results in an increase in the diversity of the physician workforce. By admitting students who are underrepresented in medicine, the pressing health needs of the growing and diverse patient population of our country can be met by physicians who are representative of their communities. Given the challenges of choosing from a small pool of applicants, medical schools should consider seeking the support of current medical students in expanding the applicant pool and recruiting the next generation of physicians...
2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
T Ott, I Schmidtmann, T Limbach, P F Gottschling, H Buggenhagen, S Kurz, G Pestel
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training (SBT) has developed into an established method of medical training. Studies focusing on the education of medical students have used simulation as an evaluation tool for defined skills. A small number of studies provide evidence that SBT improves medical students' skills in the clinical setting. Moreover, they were strictly limited to a few areas, such as the diagnosis of heart murmurs or the correct application of cricoid pressure. Other studies could not prove adequate transferability from the skills gained in SBT to the patient site...
September 27, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Marieke Chamberon, Corinne Catale, Bernadette Kerrouche, Hanna Touré, Anne Laurent-Vannier, Dominique Brugel, Emmanuelle Pineau-Chardon, Aude Mariller, Ouarda Benkhaled, Virginie Kieffer, Miriam Beauchamp, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVE: Childhood acquired brain injury (ABI) is the leading cause of acquired disability in childhood, with significant consequences on independence, academic achievement and participation. The "Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation" (CASP; Bedell 2004) has been specifically developed to assess participation following childhood ABI. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the French version of the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, monocentric study...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Akhilesh S Pathipati, Noushafarin Taleghani
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, an increasing number of medical students have taken time off during medical school in order to conduct research. Schools and students have invested millions of dollars and thousands of person-years on research projects, but little is known as to why students choose to take this time off. We aim to characterize why students take research years during medical school. METHODS: The authors distributed an online survey about research in medical school to students at five medical schools that have highly regarded research programs...
2016: Curēus
Nicole Shilkofski, Ryan Y Shields
CONTEXT: Minimal research has examined the recent exportation of medical curricula to international settings. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, USA partnered with Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and implemented the same curriculum currently used at Johns Hopkins University to teach medical students at Perdana University. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of first-year medical students at Perdana University, focusing on issues of cultural dissonance during adaptation to a US curriculum...
2016: Curēus
Ciaran Grafton-Clarke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Medical Teacher
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the advising practices at medical schools and interview patterns among medical students pursuing obstetrics and gynecology residency training. METHODS: A voluntary, anonymous survey was distributed to all applicants interviewing for obstetrics and gynecology residency during the 2014-2015 cycle at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California, San Francisco, and Loyola University. Demographic data were obtained...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yasushi Matsuyama, Arno M M Muijtjens, Makoto Kikukawa, Renee Stalmeijer, Reiko Murakami, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Hitoaki Okazaki
BACKGROUND: Progress testing (PT) is used in Western countries to evaluate students' level of functional knowledge, and to enhance meaning-oriented and self-directed learning. However, the use of PT has not been investigated in East Asia, where reproduction-oriented and teacher-centered learning styles prevail. Here, we explored the applicability of PT by focusing on student perceptions. METHODS: Twenty-four students from Years 2, 3, and 5 at Jichi Medical University in Japan attended a pilot PT session preceded by a brief introduction of its concept and procedures...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Paul A Tiffin, Lazaro M Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, H Hesselgreaves, John C McLachlan, Gabrielle M Finn, Adetayo S Kasim
BACKGROUND: The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) has been shown to have a modest but statistically significant ability to predict aspects of academic performance throughout medical school. Previously, this ability has been shown to be incremental to conventional measures of educational performance for the first year of medical school. This study evaluates whether this predictive ability extends throughout the whole of undergraduate medical study and explores the potential impact of using the test as a selection screening tool...
2016: BMC Medicine
Mark D Hanson, Nicole N Woods, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Raj Rasasingham, Kulamakan Kulasegaram
INTRODUCTION: Balancing reliability and resource limitations as well as recruitment activities during admission interviews is a challenge for many medical schools. The Modified Personal Interview (MPI) has been shown to have good psychometric properties while being resource efficient for specialized admission interviews. We describe implementation of an MPI adaptation integrating psychometric rigour alongside resourcing and recruitment goals for larger-scale medical school admission interviewing at the University of Toronto...
October 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Morteza Taghipour, Elham Jannati, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh
BACKGROUND: Measurement of lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of lumbar spine physiotherapy and orthopedic assessment. The measurement can be carried out through various instruments such as inclinometers, goniometers, and etc. Recent smartphones have been equipped with accelerometers and magnetometers, which, through specific software applications (apps) can be used for inclinometric functions. PURPOSE: The main purpose was to investigate the reliability and validity of an iPhone(®) app (TiltMeter(©) -advanced level and inclinometer) for measuring standing lumbar spine flexion-extension ROM in asymptomatic subjects...
2016: PeerJ
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