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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463297/implementation-of-a-competency-based-medical-education-approach-in-public-health-and-epidemiology-training-of-medical-students
#1
Rachel Dankner, Uri Gabbay, Leonard Leibovici, Maya Sadeh, Siegal Sadetzki
BACKGROUND: There is increasing agreement among medical educators regarding the importance of improving the integration between public health and clinical education, understanding and implementation of epidemiological methods, and the ability to critically appraise medical literature. The Sackler School of Medicine at Tel-Aviv University revised its public health and preventive medicine curriculum, during 2013-2014, according to the competency-based medical education (CBME) approach in training medical students...
February 20, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460763/roles-of-graphic-pathographies-in-clinical-training
#2
Megan Yu
Although graphic pathographies have recently been recognized as playing an important role in medical care, they have not been formally incorporated in many medical school curricula. In this paper, I discuss current applications of graphic pathographies in medicine as well as some potential ethical and epistemological challenges that can arise when using these narratives. Health professionals and medical educators should understand when, why, and how to use graphic pathographies with the goal of enhancing medical education and patient care...
February 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459193/personal-domains-assessed-in-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-for-healthcare-student-selection-a-narrative-synthesis-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Alison Callwood, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Liane Lewis, Vishna Devi Nadarajah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the personal domains multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are being designed to assess, explore how they were determined and contextualise such domains in current and future healthcare student selection processes DESIGN: A systematic review of empirical research reporting on MMI model design was conducted from database inception to November 2017. DATA SOURCES: Twelve electronic bibliographic databases. REVIEW METHODS: Evidence was extracted from original studies, and integrated in a narrative synthesis guided by the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449235/amazing-idea-blind-medical-school-and-carms-applications-of-all-applicant-names-until-interview-selections-are-complete
#4
Ankit Kapur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447633/modernizing-dermatology-interest-groups-in-medical-school-certificate-programs
#5
Jordan V Wang, Dorota Z Korta, Matthew Keller
This commentary addresses the increasingly competitive nature of applying to dermatology residency programs and how both interest groups in medical schools and their dermatology departments can help to better prepare applicants. As previous literature argued that dermatology has been underemphasized in medical school curricula, we propose five fundamental options that interest groups can implement in order to offer increased exposure to our field in medical training. Furthermore, with therecent trend of many schools conferring certificates in various specialized concentrations, we also discuss interest groups pioneering certificate-grantingprograms in dermatology competency...
November 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445976/an-equivalence-study-of-interview-platform-does-videoconference-technology-impact-medical-school-acceptance-rates-of-different-groups
#6
Marlene P Ballejos, Scott Oglesbee, Jennifer Hettema, Robert Sapien
Web-based interviewing may be an effective element of a medical school's larger approach to promotion of holistic review, as recommended by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by facilitating the feasibility of including rural and community physicians in the interview process. Only 10% of medical schools offer videoconference interviews to applicants and little is known about the impact of this interview modality on the admissions process. This study investigated the impact of overall acceptance rates using videoconference interviews and face-to-face interviews in the medical school selection process using an equivalence trial design...
February 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444782/are-efforts-to-attract-graduate-applicants-to-uk-medical-schools-effective-in-increasing-the-participation-of-under-represented-socioeconomic-groups-a-national-cohort-study
#7
Ben Kumwenda, Jennifer Cleland, Rachel Greatrix, Rhoda Katharine MacKenzie, Gordon Prescott
INTRODUCTION: Attracting graduates was recommended as a means of diversifying the UK medical student population. Graduates now make up nearly a quarter of the total medical student population. Research to date has focused on comparing the sociodemographic characteristics of applicants to and/or students on traditional and graduate entry programmes (GEMs), yet GEMs account for only 40% of the graduate medical student population. Thus, we aimed to compare the sociodemographic characteristic and outcomes of graduates and non-graduate applicants across a range of programmes...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444610/evaluation-of-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-in-medical-students-at-kocaeli-university-turkey
#8
Canan Baydemir, Emrah Gokay Ozgur, Sibel Balci
Introduction This study was conducted to evaluate the eating habits of medical students at Kocaeli University in northwest Turkey in terms of their ability to apply their academic knowledge regarding healthy lifestyles to their own lives using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED). Methods In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire including demographic information and the KIDMED index was administered to 354 medical school students (206 first-year and 148 third-year students). The students' sex, body mass index, KIDMED score, place of residence, smoking habit, media screen time, and regular exercising variables were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434957/experience-based-surgical-approach-to-pancreatic-mucinous-cystic-neoplasms-with-ovarian-type-stroma
#9
Chang Moo Kang, Akira Matsushita, Ho Kyoung Hwang, Yoko Matsuda, Hyunki Kim, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Woo Jung Lee
The present study aimed to elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of resected mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) with ovarian-type stroma and identify a surgical approach for MCN treatment, on the basis of Republic of Korean (Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea) and Japanese (Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan) bi-institutional collaboration. The present study retrospectively reviewed 55 MCNs with ovarian-type stroma using pathological re-examination. Clinicopathological features and preoperative clinical parameters were evaluated to predict malignant alterations in MCNs...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433505/why-nutrition-education-is-inadequate-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-of-students-perspectives-on-barriers-and-strategies
#10
Victor Mogre, Fred C J Stevens, Paul A Aryee, Anthony Amalba, Albert J J A Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The provision of nutrition care by doctors is important in promoting healthy dietary habits, and such interventions can lead to reductions in disease morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and preparedness during their training at school. Previous studies investigating the inadequacy of nutrition education have not sufficiently evaluated the perspectives of students. In this study, students' perspectives on doctors' role in nutrition care, perceived barriers, and strategies to improve nutrition educational experiences are explored...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431176/phd-forum-multimodal-iot-and-emr-based-smart-health-application-for-asthma-management-in-children
#11
Utkarshani Jaimini
According to a study done in 2014 by National Health Interview Survey around 6.3 million children in United States suffer from asthma [1]. Asthma remains one of the leading reasons for pediatric admissions to children's hospitals, and has a prevalence rate of approximately 10% in children and it leads to missed days from school and other societal costs. This occurs despite improved medications to control asthma symptoms. Asthma management is challenging as it involves understanding asthma causes and avoiding asthma triggers that are both multi-factorial and individualistic in nature...
May 2017: Proc Int Conf Smart Comput SMARTCOMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425634/quantifying-medical-student-clinical-experiences-via-an-icd-code-logging-app
#12
Fred Rawlins, Cameron Sumpter, Dean Sutphin, Harold R Garner
OBJECTIVES: The logging of ICD Diagnostic, Procedure and Drug codes is one means of tracking the experience of medical students' clinical rotations. The goal is to create a web-based computer and mobile application to track the progress of trainees, monitor the effectiveness of their training locations and be a means of sampling public health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have developed a web-based app in which medical trainees make entries via a simple and quick interface optimized for both mobile devices and personal computers...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420050/happier-healers-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mobile-mindfulness-for-stress-management
#13
Elaine Yang, Elizabeth Schamber, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Medical students have higher rates of depression and psychologic distress than the general population, which may negatively impact academic performance and professional conduct. This study assessed whether 10-20 min of daily mindfulness meditation for 30 days, using a mobile phone application, could decrease perceived stress and improve well-being for medical students. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students were stratified by class year and randomized to either intervention or control groups to use the mobile application Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, for 30 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403326/levers-of-change-a-review-of-contemporary-interventions-to-enhance-diversity-in-medical-schools-in-the-usa
#14
Alexis Danielle Vick, Aaron Baugh, Julie Lambert, Allison A Vanderbilt, Evan Ingram, Richard Garcia, Reginald F Baugh
A growing body of research illustrates the importance of aligning efforts across the operational continuum to achieve diversity goals. This alignment begins with the institutional mission and the message it conveys about the priorities of the institution to potential applicants, community, staff, and faculty. The traditional themes of education, research, and service dominate most medical school mission statements. The emerging themes of physician maldistribution, overall primary-care physician shortage, diversity, and cost control are cited less frequently...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394423/assessing-correlation-of-residency-applicants-interview-dates-with-likelihood-of-matching
#15
Sameer Avasarala, Elizabeth Thompson, Sarah Whitehouse, Sean Drake
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether the timing of an interview relative to the recruitment season was associated with being ranked or matched at an academic medical center. METHODS: Eleven specialties (anesthesiology, diagnostic radiology, emergency medicine, family medicine, general surgery, internal medicine, neurology, neurosurgery, obstetrics-gynecology, orthopedic surgery, and psychiatry) that participated in the National Resident Matching Program were included in the study...
February 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388087/testing-for-medical-school-selection-what-are-prospective-doctors-experiences-and-perceptions-of-the-gamsat-and-what-are-the-consequences-of-testing
#16
K Kumar, C Roberts, E Bartle, D S Eley
Written tests for selection into medicine have demonstrated reliability and there is accumulating evidence regarding their validity, but we know little about the broader impacts or consequences of medical school selection tests from the perspectives of key stakeholders. In this first Australian study of its kind, we use consequential validity as a theoretical lens to examine how medical school students and applicants view and experience the Graduate Medical Schools Admission Test (GAMSAT), and the consequences of testing...
January 31, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383064/emergency-medicine-residency-applicant-characteristics-associated-with-measured-adverse-outcomes-during-residency
#17
Jesse Bohrer-Clancy, Leslie Lukowski, Lisa Turner, Ilene Staff, Shawn London
Introduction: Negative outcomes in emergency medicine (EM) programs use a disproportionate amount of educational resources to the detriment of other residents. We sought to determine if any applicant characteristics identifiable during the selection process are associated with negative outcomes during residency. Methods: Primary analysis consisted of looking at the association of each of the descriptors including resident characteristics and events during residency with a composite measure of negative outcomes...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380122/video-and-accelerometer-based-motion-analysis-for-automated-surgical-skills-assessment
#18
Aneeq Zia, Yachna Sharma, Vinay Bettadapura, Eric L Sarin, Irfan Essa
PURPOSE: Basic surgical skills of suturing and knot tying are an essential part of medical training. Having an automated system for surgical skills assessment could help save experts time and improve training efficiency. There have been some recent attempts at automated surgical skills assessment using either video analysis or acceleration data. In this paper, we present a novel approach for automated assessment of OSATS-like surgical skills and provide an analysis of different features on multi-modal data (video and accelerometer data)...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379965/association-between-undergraduate-performance-predictors-and-academic-and-clinical-performance-of-osteopathic-medical-students
#19
Farshad Agahi, Mark R Speicher, Grace Cisek
Context: Medical schools use a variety of preadmission indices to select potential students. These indices generally include undergraduate grade point average (GPA), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, and preadmission interviews. Objective: To investigate whether the admission indices used by Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine are associated with the academic and clinical performance of their students. Methods: Associations between the prematriculation variables of undergraduate science GPA, undergraduate total GPA, MCAT component scores, and interview scores and the academic and clinical variables of the first- and second-year medical school GPA, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) Level 1 and Level 2-Cognitive Evaluation (CE) total and discipline scores, scores in clinical rotations for osteopathic competencies, COMLEX-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation passage, and match status were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375163/a-field-experiment-on-search-costs-and-the-formation-of-scientific-collaborations
#20
Kevin J Boudreau, Tom Brady, Ina Ganguli, Patrick Gaule, Eva Guinan, Anthony Hollenberg, Karim R Lakhani
We present the results of a field experiment conducted at Harvard Medical School to understand the extent to which search costs affect matching among scientific collaborators. We generated exogenous variation in search costs for pairs of potential collaborators by randomly assigning individuals to 90-minute structured information-sharing sessions as part of a grant funding opportunity. We estimate that the treatment increases the probability of grant co-application of a given pair of researchers by 75%. The findings suggest that matching between scientists is subject to considerable frictions, even in the case of geographically-proximate scientists working in the same institutional context...
October 2017: Review of Economics and Statistics
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