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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534304/an-american-crisis-the-lack-of-black-men-in-medicine
#1
Cato T Laurencin, Marsha Murray
The current state of diversity within the US medical workforce does not reflect representative numbers of the Black male population. Research data continues to reveal continuing trends in the areas of discrimination, incarceration, health disparities, and mortality with respect to Black males. The lack of increase in Black male medical school applications and matriculation contrasted by the continuing trends mentioned above illustrates that there is in fact an American crisis. We present here a call to arms, to address the need of African-American men in medicine...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501933/the-influence-of-mcat-and-gpa-preadmission-academic-metrics-on-interview-scores
#2
Steven E Gay, Sally A Santen, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Thomas H Sisson, Paula T Ross, Nikki L Bibler Zaidi
Medical school admissions interviews are used to assess applicants' nonacademic characteristics as advocated by the Association of American Medical Colleges' Advancing Holistic Review Initiative. The objective of this study is to determine whether academic metrics continue to significantly influence interviewers' scores in holistic processes by blinding interviewers to applicants' undergraduate grade point averages (uGPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). This study examines academic and demographic predictors of interview scores for two applicant cohorts at the University of Michigan Medical School...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#3
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#4
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494890/the-predictive-value-of-pre-recruitment-achievement-on-resident-performance-in-anesthesiology
#5
Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli, Emily Teeter, David Mayer, David A Zvara, Anthony Passannante, Kathleen A Smith
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Selecting candidates for residency positions is challenging and there is little research on the correlation between commonly used selection criteria and subsequent performance in anesthesiology. This study examined the association between the selection measures and post-recruitment performance in residency. DESIGN: Retrospective review of archival data. SETTING: Anesthesiology residency program at a large academic anesthesiology department...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490882/connectivity-to-computers-and-the-internet-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Maritta Välimäki, Lauri Kuosmanen, Heli Hätönen, Marita Koivunen, Anneli Pitkänen, Christina Athanasopoulou, Minna Anttila
PURPOSE: Information and communication technologies have been developed for a variety of health care applications and user groups in the field of health care. This study examined the connectivity to computers and the Internet among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used to study 311 adults with SSDs from the inpatient units of two psychiatric hospitals in Finland. The data collection lasted for 20 months and was done through patients' medical records and a self-reported, structured questionnaire...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483440/have-we-come-as-far-as-we-had-hoped-discrimination-in-the-residency-interview
#7
Kara Hessel, Peter DiPasco, Lyndsey Kilgore, Casey Shelley, Alvin Perry, Jamie Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to use a pilot survey of fourth-year medical students at our institution to determine if female residency applicants were asked potentially illegal questions regarding family status and childbearing more frequently than male applicants. Secondary objectives included comparing the use of potentially illegal questions in surgical versus nonsurgical specialties and between community and academic residency programs. DESIGN: A 20-item questionnaire was distributed to all fourth-year medical students at the University of Kansas School of Medicine...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474084/-application-of-objective-structured-clinical-examination-system-in-pediatric-dental-education-for-8-year-program-and-5-year-program-students
#8
Lu-Lu Wang, Yang Jiang, Zhi-Fei Zhou, Shuai Yuan, Xiao-Jing Wang
PURPOSE: To explore a more comprehensive and objective method for dental students examination, and improve the quality of pediatric dental education. METHODS: Fifteen 8-year-program students and 30 5-year-program dental students from School of Stomatology, the Fourth Military Medical University were enrolled in this study. Objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), traditional diadactic test and questionnaires were carried out in all students. The scores of the two testing methods between students in 2 groups were compared using SPSS 11...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472417/the-impact-of-specific-fertility-treatments-on-cognitive-development-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#9
Alice R Rumbold, Vivienne M Moore, Melissa J Whitrow, Tassia K Oswald, Lisa J Moran, Renae C Fernandez, Kurt T Barnhart, Michael J Davies
STUDY QUESTION: Does fertility treatment influence cognitive ability in school aged children, and does the impact vary with the type of treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: The available high-quality evidence indicates that specific treatments may give rise to different effects on cognitive development, with certain treatments, including ICSI, associated with cognitive impairment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous reviews of the literature concerning cognitive outcomes among children conceived with medical assistance have concluded that study findings are generally 'reassuring', but limited attention has been paid to the quality of this research...
May 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471779/creating-an-education-shark-tank-to-encourage-and-support-educational-scholarship-and-innovation
#10
Joseph Cofrancesco, Scott M Wright, Eric Vohr, Roy C Ziegelstein
PROBLEM: Creating and supporting opportunities for innovation that showcase and reward creativity in medical and biomedical education is critically important for academic institutions, learners, and faculty. APPROACH: In 2014, the Institute for Excellence in Education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine created a small grant program called Education Shark Tank, in which two to five finalist teams present their proposals on innovative initiatives to improve education to four or five senior educator "sharks" at an educational conference, with an audience...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458589/what-factors-influence-uk-medical-students-choice-of-foundation-school
#11
Saiful Miah, Karl H Pang, Wayne Rebello, Zoe Rubakumar, Victoria Fung, Suresh Venugopal, Hena Begum
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the factors influencing UK medical student applicants' choice of foundation school. We also explored the factors that doctors currently approaching the end of their 2-year program believe should be considered. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the 2013-2014 academic year. An online questionnaire was distributed to 2092 final-year medical students from nine UK medical schools and 84 foundation year-2 (FY2) doctors from eight foundation schools...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457072/the-dedicated-enough-doctor-the-limits-of-medical-altruism-in-the-21st-century
#12
Peter Gilbey, Mary C J Rudolf, Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Anthony Luder
The unique characteristics of the next generation of medical professionals in Israel and the current model of physician employment in the country may pose a real threat to the high quality of both public clinical care and medical education in the near future, and to the continued flourishing of clinical research. According to the Israel Medical Association's general obligations for Israeli physicians, the doctor should place the patient's interests foremost in his or her mind, before any other issue. This has led many to believe that selflessness or altruism should be among a physician's core values...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445219/canadian-national-guidelines-and-recommendations-for-integrating-career-advising-into-medical-school-curricula
#13
Kelly Howse, June Harris, Nancy Dalgarno
Career planning, decision making about specialty choice, and preparation for residency matching are significant sources of stress for medical students. Attempts have been made to structure and formalize career advising by including it in accreditation standards. There is an expressed need for national guidelines on career advising for medical students. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Implementation Project was created to ensure Canadian medical trainees receive the best education possible...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436204/disabled-graduate-entry-medical-student-experience
#14
Simon Tso
BACKGROUND: This study explored the experiences of graduate-entry medicine degree programme students who were disabled on the disclosure of their disability and the challenging disability issues they encountered during their degree programme. METHODS: Eight student volunteers with a disability from the University of Warwick graduate-entry medicine degree programme took part in this study. Audio recordings of their semi-structured interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435508/a-novel-collaboration-to-reduce-the-travel-related-cost-of-residency-interviewing
#15
Eric Shappell, Abra Fant, Benjamin Schnapp, Jill P Craig, James Ahn, Christine Babcock, Michael A Gisondi
INTRODUCTION: Interviewing for residency is a complicated and often expensive endeavor. Literature has estimated interview costs of $4,000 to $15,000 per applicant, mostly attributable to travel and lodging. The authors sought to reduce these costs and improve the applicant interview experience by coordinating interview dates between two residency programs in Chicago, Illinois. METHODS: Two emergency medicine residency programs scheduled contiguous interview dates for the 2015-2016 interview season...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#16
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#17
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420352/assessing-the-reliability-of-self-reported-weight-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-application-of-fraud-detection-methods-to-a-randomised-trial-of-telemonitoring
#18
Adam Steventon, Sarwat I Chaudhry, Zhenqiu Lin, Jennifer A Mattera, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Since clinical management of heart failure relies on weights that are self-reported by the patient, errors in reporting will negatively impact the ability of health care professionals to offer timely and effective preventive care. Errors might often result from rounding, or more generally from individual preferences for numbers ending in certain digits, such as 0 or 5. We apply fraud detection methods to assess preferences for numbers ending in these digits in order to inform medical decision making...
April 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#19
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402555/deregulation-of-the-endometrial-stromal-cell-secretome-precedes-embryo-implantation-failure
#20
Ruban Rex Peter Durairaj, Asma Aberkane, Lukasz Polanski, Yojiro Maruyama, Miriam Baumgarten, Emma S Lucas, Siobhan Quenby, Jerry K Y Chan, Nick Raine-Fenning, Jan J Brosens, Hilde Van de Velde, Yie Hou Lee
STUDY QUESTION: Is implantation failure following ART associated with a perturbed decidual response in endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Dynamic changes in the secretome of decidualizing EnSCs underpin the transition of a hostile to a supportive endometrial microenvironment for embryo implantation; perturbation in this transitional pathway prior to ART is associated with implantation failure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Implantation is the rate-limiting step in ART, although the contribution of an aberrant endometrial microenvironment in IVF failure remains ill defined...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
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