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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215375/pushing-critical-thinking-skills-with-multiple-choice-questions-does-bloom-s-taxonomy-work
#1
Nikki L Bibler Zaidi, Karri L Grob, Seetha M Monrad, Joshua B Kurtz, Andrew Tai, Asra Z Ahmed, Larry D Gruppen, Sally A Santen
Medical school assessments should foster the development of higher-order thinking skills to support clinical reasoning and a solid foundation of knowledge. Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are commonly used to assess student learning, and well-written MCQs can support learner engagement in higher levels of cognitive reasoning such as application or synthesis of knowledge. Bloom's taxonomy has been used to identify MCQs that assess students' critical thinking skills, with evidence suggesting that higher-order MCQs support a deeper conceptual understanding of scientific process skills...
December 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210592/the-recent-pathology-residency-graduate-job-search-experience-a-synthesis-of-5-years-of-college-of-american-pathologists-job-market-surveys
#2
Dita Gratzinger, Kristen A Johnson, Mark D Brissette, David Cohen, Amyn M Rojiani, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cindy B McCloskey, Cory A Roberts, Ronald E Domen, Michael L Talbert, Suzanne Z Powell
CONTEXT: - Pathology residents and fellows tailor their training and job search strategies to an actively evolving specialty in the setting of scientific and technical advances and simultaneous changes in health care economics. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the experience and outcome of the job search process of pathologists searching for their first non-fellowship position. DESIGN: - The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Graduate Medical Education Committee has during the past 5 years sent an annual job search survey each June to CAP junior members and fellows in practice 3 years or less who have actively searched for a non-fellowship position...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202782/studying-de-implementation-in-health-an-analysis-of-funded-research-grants
#3
Wynne E Norton, Amy E Kennedy, David A Chambers
BACKGROUND: Studying de-implementation-defined herein as reducing or stopping the use of a health service or practice provided to patients by healthcare practitioners and systems-has gained traction in recent years. De-implementing ineffective, unproven, harmful, overused, inappropriate, and/or low-value health services and practices is important for mitigating patient harm, improving processes of care, and reducing healthcare costs. A better understanding of the state-of-the-science is needed to guide future objectives and funding initiatives...
December 4, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#4
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188164/developing-an-undergraduate-ultrasound-curriculum-a-needs-assessment
#5
Jordan Stone-McLean, Brian Metcalfe, Gillian Sheppard, Justin Murphy, Holly Black, Heather McCarthy, Adam Dubrowski
Background The introduction of ultrasound into the undergraduate medical school curriculum is gaining momentum in North America. At present, many institutions are teaching ultrasound to undergraduate medical students using a traditional framework designed to instruct practicing clinicians, or have modeled the curriculum on other universities. This approach is not based on educational needs or supported by evidence. Methods Using a descriptive, cross-sectional survey of stakeholder groups, we assessed the perceived relevance of various ultrasound skills and the attitude towards implementing an undergraduate ultrasound curriculum at our university...
September 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184492/functional-brain-imaging-synthesis-based-on-image-decomposition-and-kernel-modeling-application-to-neurodegenerative-diseases
#6
Francisco J Martinez-Murcia, Juan M Górriz, Javier Ramírez, Ignacio A Illán, Fermín Segovia, Diego Castillo-Barnes, Diego Salas-Gonzalez
The rise of neuroimaging in research and clinical practice, together with the development of new machine learning techniques has strongly encouraged the Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) of different diseases and disorders. However, these algorithms are often tested in proprietary datasets to which the access is limited and, therefore, a direct comparison between CAD procedures is not possible. Furthermore, the sample size is often small for developing accurate machine learning methods. Multi-center initiatives are currently a very useful, although limited, tool in the recruitment of large populations and standardization of CAD evaluation...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174240/predicting-resident-performance-from-pre-residency-factors-a-systematic-review-and-applicability-to-neurosurgical-training
#7
REVIEW
Scott L Zuckerman, Patrick D Kelly, Michael C Dewan, Peter J Morone, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Jordan A Magarik, Ronnie E Baticulon, Edie E Zusman, Gary S Solomon, John C Wellons
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical educators strive to identify the best applicants, yet formal study of resident selection has proven difficult. We conducted a systematic review to answer the following question: what objective and subjective pre-residency factors predict resident success? METHODS: PubMed, ProQuest, Embase, and the CINAHL databases were queried from 1952-2015 for literature reporting the impact of pre-residency factors (PRF) on outcomes of residency success (RS), among neurosurgery and all surgical sub-specialties...
November 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172813/a-critical-scoping-review-of-the-connections-between-social-mission-and-medical-school-admissions-beme-guide-no-47
#8
Rachel H Ellaway, Rebecca Malhi, Sameer Bajaj, Ian Walker, Douglas Myhre
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing focus on the social accountability of medical schools, there has been no substantive review of admissions related to the social mission of medical schools. This paper reports on a critical scoping review of the connections between social mission and medical school admissions. METHODS: Searches of seven bibliographic databases identified 1258 unique articles. After filtering for relevance, 71 articles were considered for final review...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171047/ending-daca-has-pragmatic-and-ethical-implications-for-u-s-health-care
#9
Danish Zaidi, Mark Kuczewski
In 2012, Loyola University Chicago's Stritch School of Medicine became the first medical school in the United States to actively recruit and accept undocumented immigrants who received protections granted under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program that was established by presidential memorandum. By 2016, sixty-one medical schools were considering applications from DACA recipients for admission, and more than 110 students applied. According to the American Association of Medical Colleges, sixty-five DACA recipients matriculated in U...
November 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169783/the-2017-integrated-ir-residency-match-results-of-a-national-survey-of-applicants-and-program-directors
#10
Daniel M DePietro, Ryan M Kiefer, Jonas W Redmond, Jason C Hoffmann, Scott O Trerotola, Gregory J Nadolski
PURPOSE: To characterize and compare the experiences of matched applicants and program directors (PDs) participating in the first large-scale integrated interventional radiology (IR) residency match. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Survey questionnaires were distributed nationally to integrated IR applicants who matched in the 2017 Match cycle and PDs. Both groups were questioned regarding their experiences with the application, interview, rank, and match processes as well as applicant-specific and PD-specific information...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166353/what-is-the-impact-of-the-underserved-pathway-program-on-graduates-entering-an-underserved-family-medicine-residency-five-year-findings-from-the-university-of-washington-school-of-medicine
#11
Amanda Kost, David Evans, Sharon Dobie, Elizabeth Sanders
PURPOSE: More primary care physicians are needed in underserved areas of the United States. Prior research indicates that medical student experiences in underserved settings increase the likelihood they will practice in underserved areas; few studies have controlled for selection bias. This study aimed to estimate the effect of the University of Washington School of Medicine's (UWSOM's) longitudinal extracurricular experience, the Underserved Pathway (UP), on graduates' choice in entering a family medicine residency with underserved training opportunities...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164543/-exploration-of-recent-mobile-technologies-applied-in-nursing-education
#12
Ting-Ting Wu, Yi-Chen Lu, Lei Chang
The development of science and technology has fundamentally changed people's lives and the way that medical systems function. Increasingly, mobile technologies are being introduced and integrated into classroom teaching and clinical applications, resulting in healthcare providers introducing innovative applications into health education. These applications enhance the clinical, education, and research expertise of medical staffs and nurses, while improving quality of care and providing new experiences for patients...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138614/development-of-a-health-care-systems-curriculum
#13
Zachary Pruitt, Rahul Mhaskar, Bryan G Kane, Robert D Barraco, Deborah J DeWaay, Alex M Rosenau, Kristin A Bresnan, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Background: There is currently no gold standard for delivery of systems-based practice in medical education, and it is challenging to incorporate into medical education. Health systems competence requires physicians to understand patient care within the broader health care system and is vital to improving the quality of care clinicians provide. We describe a health systems curriculum that utilizes problem-based learning across 4 years of systems-based practice medical education at a single institution...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138191/evaluation-of-guidelines-regarding-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-using-the-agree-instrument-a-systematic-review
#14
Xin Lei, Fengtao Liu, Shuying Luo, Ya Sun, Liling Zhu, Fengxi Su, Kai Chen, Shunrong Li
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements (CPGs/consensus statements) have been developed for the surgical treatments for breast cancer. This study aims to evaluate the quality of these CPGs/consensus statements. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases, as well as four guideline repositories, to identify CPGs and consensus statements regarding surgical treatments for breast cancer between January 2009 and December 2016...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132332/first-and-second-year-medical-students-identify-and-self-stereotype-more-as-doctors-than-as-students-a-questionnaire-study
#15
Bryan Burford, Harriet E S Rosenthal-Stott
BACKGROUND: The emergence of medical students' professional identity is important. This paper considers this in a snapshot of the early years of undergraduate medical education. From the perspective of social identity theory, it also considers self-stereotyping, the extent to which individuals associate with attributes identified as typical of groups. METHOD: Paper questionnaires were completed by first and second year medical students following teaching sessions at the beginning (October) and end (April) of the academic year...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128429/practice-report-bericht-aus-der-praxis-an-exploration-of-peer-tutor-roles-and-recruitment-at-german-medical-schools
#16
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
BACKGROUND: Almost all medical faculties in Germany actively employ peer tutors. However, little is known about the roles these tutors play from a faculty point of view. Also, there are only few descriptions of the tutor recruitment and selection processes. METHODS: 32 of the medical faculties in Germany, where tutors are used in the training of medical students, were asked to provide information on the role and recruitment of tutors by means of a partially standardized questionnaire...
November 8, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125446/suprasellar-and-recurrent-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-expanding-indications-for-the-extended-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach
#17
Andrew F Alalade, Elizabeth Ogando-Rivas, Jerome Boatey, Mark M Souweidane, Vijay K Anand, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE The expanded endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach has become increasingly used for craniopharyngioma surgery in the pediatric population, but questions still persist regarding its utility in younger children, in recurrent and irradiated tumors, and in masses primarily located in the suprasellar region. The narrow corridor, incomplete pneumatization, and fear of hypothalamic injury have traditionally relegated this approach to application in older children with mostly cystic craniopharyngiomas centered in the sella...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119591/widening-participation-in-medicine-new-insights-from-school-students-aspirations
#18
Jennifer Gore, Sally Patfield, Kathryn Holmes, Maxwell Smith
OBJECTIVES: Students from lower socio-economic status backgrounds continue to be under-represented in medical education. Although various initiatives have been implemented by universities to widen participation, their effectiveness and their timing remain contentious. Prior studies have primarily focused on students already on a medical pathway, with little analytical attention given to the aspirations of primary and secondary school-aged students. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of students who express early interest in medicine and ascertain the degree to which diversification of the future medical student cohort is indicated...
November 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117772/initial-neonatal-resuscitation-skill-retention-after-the-implementation-of-the-novel-24-7-hybridlab%C3%A2-learning-system
#19
Ausrele Kudreviciene, Ruta Jolanta Nadisauskiene, Rasa Tameliene, Algimantas Tamelis, Irena Nedzelskiene, Paulius Dobozinskas, Dinas Vaitkaitis
Ensuring long-term retention of the acquired practical skills is one of the major aims of a medical school. This depends on the application of training techniques and their combinations. In order to standardize the teaching process, to acquire and maintain a broad array of technical, professional, and interpersonal skills and competencies, and to improve the retention of practical skills, we developed a new training technique - the HybridLab® learning method. It consists of an e-learning platform, hands-on simulation, carefully elaborated learning algorithms (DRAKON), peer-to-peer teaching, and assessment and feedback by peers, and later - by a remote instructor...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116981/the-hidden-curricula-of-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#20
Carlton Lawrence, Tsholofelo Mhlaba, Kearsley A Stewart, Relebohile Moletsane, Bernhard Gaede, Mosa Moshabela
PURPOSE: To analyze the plural definitions and applications of the term "hidden curriculum" within the medical education literature and to propose a conceptual framework for conducting future research on the topic. METHOD: The authors conducted a literature search of nine online databases, seeking articles published on the hidden, informal, or implicit curriculum in medical education prior to March 2017. Two reviewers independently screened articles with set inclusion criteria and performed kappa coefficient tests to evaluate interreviewer reliability...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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