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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663119/multicenter-data-banking-in-management-of-dizzy-patients-first-results-from-the-dizzynet-registry-project
#1
Eva Grill, Gülden Akdal, Sandra Becker-Bense, Steffen Hübinger, Doreen Huppert, Erna Kentala, Ralf Strobl, Andreas Zwergal, Nese Celebisoy
PURPOSE: Comprehensive phenotypical data across countries is needed to understand the determinants, prognosis and consequences of vestibular disease. The registry is a data repository for the members of the European DizzyNet. We report results from a pilot study using data from Turkey and Germany. METHODS: The pilot study included a convenience sample of patients aged 18 or above referred to Ege University Medical School Hospital, Dokuz Eylül University Hospital, Izmir, Turkey, and the German Center for German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, University on Munich, Germany, with symptoms of vertigo or dizziness...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662957/new-york-physicians-perspectives-and-knowledge-of-the-state-medical-marijuana-program
#2
Alexandra Sideris, Fahad Khan, Alina Boltunova, Germaine Cuff, Christopher Gharibo, Lisa V Doan
Introduction: In 2014, New York (NY) became the 23rd state to legalize medical marijuana (MMJ). The purpose of this survey was to collect data about practicing NY physicians' comfort level, opinions, and experience in recommending or supporting patient use of MMJ. Materials and Methods: An anonymous web-based survey was distributed to medical societies and to academic departments in medical schools within NY. Results: A total of 164 responses were analyzed. Physician participants were primarily located in New York City and surrounding areas...
2018: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649057/eliminating-geographical-bias-improves-match-results-an-analysis-of-program-preferences-and-their-impact-on-rank-lists-and-results
#3
Purushottam A Nagarkar, Jeffrey E Janis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that programs emphasize USMLE scores, publications, and geography in creating rank lists. We aimed to quantify the importance of geography and to determine how eliminating geographic preferences would affect Match outcomes. METHODS: The Match algorithm was implemented and validated on six years of de-identified data from SF Match (2009-2014). A 'consensus' ranking was generated for each year-all applicants were ordered into a single list using Markov chain rank aggregation...
March 30, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648898/use-of-standard-guidelines-for-department-of-medicine-summary-letters
#4
Matthew Fitz, Jeffrey La Rochelle, Valerie Lang, Deborah DeWaay, William Adams, Farah Nasraty
Phenomenon: Fourth-year medical students obtain Department of Medicine (DOM) letters ("Chair" letters) to support their residency applications. Writing and interpreting DOM letters are challenging. There is heterogeneity in the letters that makes it difficult to both write and read these letters. APPROACH: The purpose of this study is to determine the value of new guidelines developed by a task force of clerkship directors and program directors in internal medicine and assess the implementation of these guidelines...
April 12, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620674/i-am-an-african-american-distinguishing-between-african-american-and-african-applicants-in-medical-school-admissions-matters
#5
Reginald F Baugh
Ignoring the diverse and rich cultures and histories of Africa and the African diaspora by applying the term African American to anyone of sub-Saharan African ancestry in medical school admissions does a disservice to applicants, medical schools, and the communities they serve. To determine how applicants can contribute to a diverse educational environment, admissions decisions must go beyond racial and ethnic self-reporting and recognize the diversity applicants bring to their medical school. Using a holistic approach, institutions can fairly evaluate applicants and strategically fill their incoming classes...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619357/factors-influencing-american-plastic-surgery-residents-toward-an-academic-career
#6
Matthew D Chetta, Kristoffer B Sugg, Rafael J Diaz-Garcia, Steven J Kasten
Background: Plastic surgery residency program directors have an interest in recruiting applicants who show an interest in an academic practice. Medical school achievements (ie, United States Medical Licensing Examination® scores, publications, and Alpha Omega Alpha status) are metrics assessed to grade applicants but may not correlate with ultimately choosing an academic career. Objective: This study was designed to investigate factors influencing residents' choices for or against academic careers...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616567/value-of-artisanal-simulators-to-teach-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-biopsy-using-a-tru-cut-needle-for-veterinary-and-medical-students
#7
Raíza de Araújo Setin, Carolina Fortes Cirimbelli, Anna Carolina Mazeto Ercolin, Sâmara Turbay Pires, Tamiris Disselli, Maria Cristina Ferrarini Nunes Soares Hage
The present study aimed to evaluate the applicability of artisanal simulators to teach veterinary and medical students the ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy using a tru-cut needle. The artisanal simulators consisted of bovine liver between two layers of commercially available grape gelatin. Students were paired, with one doing the biopsy and the other the ultrasound guidance. After performing the biopsies, each student answered a questionnaire with close-ended questions using a visual analog scale. The evaluated items were realism of the model, liver scanning, procedure instructions, biopsy feasibility, tru-cut needle handling, technique learning, and confidence to perform in vivo procedures...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615329/individuals-affected-by-eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorders-have-complex-unmet-needs-and-frequently-experience-unique-barriers-to-care
#8
Girish Hiremath, Ellyn Kodroff, Mary J Strobel, Melissa Scott, Wendy Book, Cathy Reidy, Shay Kyle, Denise Mack, Kathleen Sable, Pablo Abonia, Jonathan Spergel, Sandeep K Gupta, T Glenn Furuta, Marc E Rothenberg, Evan S Dellon
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) are a rare but emerging healthcare problem. Patient advocacy groups (PAGs) have an important role in representing the EGID community, and serve as valuable research partners. By leveraging the partnership between medical researchers and PAGs, we examined the unmet needs and barriers to care perceived by individuals affected by EGIDs. Next, we examined if these varied between adult EGID patients and adult caregivers of children with EGID...
March 31, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609609/free-text-adversity-statements-as-part-of-a-contextualised-admissions-process-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Lysa E Owen, Stephanie Ann Anderson, Johnathan S Dowell
BACKGROUND: Medical schools globally are encouraged to widen access and participation for students from less privileged backgrounds. Many strategies have been implemented to address this inequality, but much still needs to be done to ensure fair access for all. In the literature, adverse circumstances include financial issues, poor educational experience and lack of professional-status parents. In order to take account of adverse circumstances faced by applicants, The University of Dundee School of Medicine offers applicants the opportunity to report circumstances which may have resulted in disadvantage...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608109/what-experiences-in-medical-school-trigger-professional-identity-development
#10
Denise Kay, Andrea Berry, Nicholas A Coles
Phenomenon: This qualitative inquiry used conceptual change theory as a theoretical lens to illuminate experiences in medical school that trigger professional identity formation. According to conceptual change theory, changes in personal conceptualizations are initiated when cognitive disequilibrium is introduced. We sought to identify the experiences that trigger cognitive disequilibrium and to subsequently describe students' perceptions of self-in-profession prior to the experience; the nature of the experience; and, when applicable, the outcomes of the experience...
April 2, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581202/real-world-effects-of-medications-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-uk-population-based-non-interventional-cohort-study-with-validation-against-randomised-trial-results
#11
Kevin Wing, Elizabeth Williamson, James R Carpenter, Lesley Wise, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Liam Smeeth, Jennifer K Quint, Ian Douglas
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease affecting 3 million people in the UK, in which patients exhibit airflow obstruction that is not fully reversible. COPD treatment guidelines are largely informed by randomised controlled trial results, but it is unclear if these findings apply to large patient populations not studied in trials. Non-interventional studies could be used to study patient groups excluded from trials, but the use of these studies to estimate treatment effectiveness is in its infancy...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578478/screening-of-scoliosis-in-school-children-in-tehran-the-prevalence-rate-of-idiopathic-scoliosis
#12
Sepehr Moalej, Shahrbanoo Kazemi, Mahsa Asadabadi, Leila Khedmat, Rezvan Hashemi, Reza Tavacolizadeh, Zahra Vahabi, Ghazal Shariatpanahi
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is abnormal sideways curve of spine .Screening for scoliosis is controversial, and there has been significant heterogeneity between studies. In Iran, there is still no suitable device to screen sideways curves in spine. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the simple scolioscreen software for screening the students of elementary schools for detecting schoolchildren scoliosis. This students has been examined by trained medical student and data entered in scolioscreen application of Iphone...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573152/the-benefits-of-being-a-near-peer-teacher
#13
Samuel Hall, Charlotte H Harrison, Jonny Stephens, Matheus Gesteria Andrade, Eleanor G Seaby, William Parton, Simon McElligott, Matthew A Myers, Ahmed Elmansouri, Michael Ahn, Rachel Parrott, Claire F Smith, Scott Border
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching is used in anatomy education because of its benefits to the learner, teacher and faculty members. Despite the range of reports focusing on the learner, the advantages for the teacher, which are thought to include communication skills, subject knowledge and employability, are only beginning to be explored. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to the teachers involved in anatomy near-peer teaching at the University of Southampton and Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS)...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561273/do-multiple-mini-interview-and-traditional-interview-scores-differ-in-their-associations-with-acceptance-offers-within-and-across-five-california-medical-schools
#14
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Carolyn J Kelly, Ellena M Peterson, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: In single-school studies, multiple mini-interview (MMI) and traditional interview (TI) scores are associated with acceptance offers. Unexamined is whether scores at one school are associated with acceptance at other schools; such analyses would mitigate single-school design biases and better estimate how well interviews capture desired applicant attributes. Using data from the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) public medical schools, the authors examined associations of MMI and TI scores with acceptance offers within and across schools...
March 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560638/-data-mining-revealed-characteristics-of-clinical-application-of-scalp-acupuncture
#15
Qiong Wang, Hai-Jiao Xing, Na Bao, Ling-Juan Kong, Ye-Juan Jia, Ke Yang, Yan-Hui Sun, Jian-Ling Wang, Jing Shi, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Chun-Sheng Jia, Ren-Ling Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the regularity and characteristics of clinical application of scalp acupuncture therapy for different types of clinical conditions so as to provide a reference for clinical practice. METHODS: In the present study, "head acupuncture" and"scalp acupuncture" were used as the keywords to search papers and academic dissertations having definite standards for diagnosis and therapeutic effect assessment and published in journals and academic conferences collected in database China National Knowledge Internet(CNKI) from January 1 of 1959 to December 31 of 2016, followed by constructing a database after sorting, screening, recording, extracting, and statistical analysis by using a computer...
March 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555723/can-first-year-medical-students-acquire-quality-improvement-knowledge-prior-to-substantial-clinical-exposure-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-pre-clerkship-curriculum-that-uses-education-as-the-context-for-learning
#16
Allison Brown, Aditya Nidumolu, Alexandra Stanhope, Justin Koh, Matthew Greenway, Lawrence Grierson
BACKGROUND: Quality Improvement (QI) training for health professionals is essential to strengthen health systems. However, QI training during medical school is constrained by students' lack of contextual understanding of the health system and an already saturated medical curriculum. The Program for Improvement in Medical Education (PRIME), an extracurricular offered at the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicineat McMaster University (Hamilton, Canada), addresses these obstacles by having first-year medical students engage in QI by identifying opportunities for improvement within their own education...
March 19, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548258/from-pipelines-to-pathways-the-memorial-experience-in-educating-doctors-for-rural-generalist-practice
#17
James Rourke, Shabnam Asghari, Oliver Hurley, Mohamed Ravalia, Michael Jong, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Danielle O'Keefe, Scott Moffatt, Wendy Graham, Carolyn Sturge Sparkes, Janelle Hippe, Kristin Harris Walsh, Donald McKay, Asoka Samarasena
CONTEXT: This report describes the community context, concept and mission of The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial), Canada, and its 'pathways to rural practice' approach, which includes influences at the pre-medical school, medical school experience, postgraduate residency training, and physician practice levels. Memorial's pathways to practice helped Memorial to fulfill its social accountability mandate to populate the province with highly skilled rural generalist practitioners...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535485/widening-participation-to-the-medical-course-at-queens-university-belfast
#18
A McKinley, M Stevenson, K Steele
The United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) was introduced to assist in identification of applicants from all levels of society with the appropriate characteristics to become good doctors. Evidence that the UKCAT has achieved such widened participation (WP) in applicants to medical school remains elusive. One of the limitations to WP investigation has been that data on socioeconomic status of applicants to medical schools has been obtained through voluntary submission on application to UKCAT and up to 30% of applications offered either none or only limited information...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528572/respiratory-function-in-healthy-emirati-children-using-forced-oscillations
#19
Afaf AlBlooshi, Alia AlKalbani, Hassib Narchi, Sania Al-Hamad, Mohammed Al-Houqani, Ghaya AlBadi, Abdul-Kader Souid, Graham L Hall
BACKGROUND: The forced oscillation technique (FOT) allows the quantification of respiratory function, does not require active cooperation and as such is ideally suited for use in young children. The application of the FOT in non-Caucasian populations is limited and it remains unclear if current reference ranges for the FOT in Caucasian children are appropriate for children in the Arabian Peninsula. This study explored the use of the FOT in healthy school-aged children in the United Arab Emirates (UAE)...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519189/trusting-early-learners-with-critical-professional-activities-through-emergency-medical-technician-certification
#20
Judith Brenner, Jeffrey Bird, Samara B Ginzburg, Thomas Kwiatkowski, Vincent Papasodero, William Rennie, Elisabeth Schlegel, Olle Ten Cate, Joanne M Willey
BACKGROUND: Two dominant themes face medical education: developing integrated curricula and improving the undergraduate medical education (UME) to graduate medical education (GME) transition. An innovative solution to both of these challenges at the Zucker School of Medicine has been the application of the cognitive apprenticeship framework in requiring emergency medical technician (EMT) certification during the first course in medical school as the core on which to build an integrated curriculum and provide entrustable clinical skills...
March 8, 2018: Medical Teacher
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