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Laura H P Wielders, Jan S A G Schouten, Bjorn Winkens, Frank J H M van den Biggelaar, Claudette A Veldhuizen, Oliver Findl, Joaquim C N Murta, Willem R O Goslings, Marie-José Tassignon, Maurits V Joosse, Ype P Henry, Alexander H F Rulo, José L Güell, Michael Amon, Thomas Kohnen, Rudy M M A Nuijts
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of a topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, topical corticosteroid, and a combination of both drugs to prevent the occurrence of cystoid macular edema (CME) after cataract surgery in nondiabetic patients. SETTING: Twelve European study centers. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Nondiabetic patients having uneventful cataract surgery were included in this study. Patients were randomized to receive topical bromfenac 0...
April 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty, Oluwatunmise V Olowojoba
The inclusion of structural competency training in pre-health undergraduate programs may offer significant benefits to future healthcare professionals. This paper presents the results of a comparative study of an interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum based in structural competency with a traditional premedical curriculum. The authors describe the interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum, titled Medicine, Health, and Society (MHS) at Vanderbilt University. The authors then use a new survey tool, the Structural Foundations of Health Survey, to evaluate structural skills and sensibilities...
February 2018: Social Science & Medicine
JuLeigh Petty, Jonathan M Metzl, Mia R Keeys
The inclusion of structural competency training in pre-health undergraduate programs may offer significant benefits to future healthcare professionals. This paper presents the results of a comparative study of an interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum based in structural competency with a traditional premedical curriculum. The authors describe a new evaluation tool, the Structural Foundations of Health Survey © (2016), developed to evaluate structural skills and sensibilities. The authors use the survey to evaluate two groups of graduating seniors at Vanderbilt University-majors in an interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum titled Medicine, Health, and Society (MHS), and premed science majors-with particular attention to understanding how political, cultural, economic, and social factors shape health...
December 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
Matthew K Grace
Although students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to depart from the medical education pipeline, little is known about how premedical students' social origins influence the adversities they face, the resources they possess, or the internal struggles they confront in deciding whether or not to pursue a career in medicine. Using original data collected from premedical students at a flagship state university in the Midwest (N = 364), this study explores how subjective social status shapes students' reservations about medical school attendance and their perceptions of external pressure to pursue a career in medicine...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
Alexander Jay Ryu
Alexander is a preliminary medicine resident at State University of New York Upstate Medical University and a recent graduate of Harvard Medical School. While in medical school, he cofounded Wizdy Games, a company developing mobile games that teach children to manage various health conditions, and PreMed Insiders, an advisory service for those considering or applying to medical school.
April 2017: Surgery
O V Blagova, A V Nedostup, E A Kogan, V A Sulimov, S A Abugov, A G Kupriyanova, V A Zaydenov, A E Donnikov, E V Zaklyazminskaya, E A Okisheva
BACKGROUND: The nosological nature of "idiopathic" arrhythmias and the effect of etiotropic and pathogenetic treatment are often unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: 19 patients (42.6±11.3 years, 9 women) with atrial fibrillation (n = 16), supraventricular (n = 10) and ventricular (n = 4) premature beats, supraventricular (n = 2) and ventricular tachycardia (n = 1), left bundle branch block (n= 2), AV block (n = 2) without structural heart changes. Viruses were identified (polymerase chain reaction, PCR) along with measurement of anti-heart antibodies (AHA) and endomyocardial biopsy (EMB)...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
Ji Hye Yu, Su Jin Chae, Ki Hong Chang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic self-efficacy, socially-prescribed perfectionism, and academic burnout in medical school students and to determine whether academic self-efficacy had a mediating role in the relationship between perfectionism and academic burnout. METHODS: A total of 244 first-year and second-year premed medical students and first- to fourth-year medical students were enrolled in this study. As study tools, socially-prescribed perfectionism, academic self-efficacy, and academic burnout scales were utilized...
March 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Andrea Banuelos, Behnoosh Afghani
BACKGROUND: The worldwide shortage of doctors and the low representation of minorities in medicine outline the need for enrichment programmes that expose a diverse population of youth to health careers. This report describes the innovative Summer Premed Program run at the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, from the perspective of our diverse group of participating high school students. METHODS: Our unique and highly interactive programme focused on providing youths with a glimpse of life in medical school...
October 2016: Clinical Teacher
Quinn Capers, David P Way
PURPOSE: African American (AA) physicians are more likely to practice primary care and care for underserved populations than majority physicians, yet remain underrep-resented in medicine. Because Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have a legacy of matriculating students with lower standardized test scores, majority medical schools may be reluctant to form pipelines with HBCUs. We compared academic and postgraduate performance of two groups of AA students at The Ohio State University College of Medicine: HBCU versus Predominantly White Institutions (PWI) graduates...
August 2015: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Maree Johnson, Samuel Lapkin, Vanessa Long, Paula Sanchez, Hanna Suominen, Jim Basilakis, Linda Dawson
BACKGROUND: To undertake a systematic review of existing literature relating to speech recognition technology and its application within health care. METHODS: A systematic review of existing literature from 2000 was undertaken. Inclusion criteria were: all papers that referred to speech recognition (SR) in health care settings, used by health professionals (allied health, medicine, nursing, technical or support staff), with an evaluation or patient or staff outcomes...
October 28, 2014: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
C P Snowden, G Minto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Kim Kiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Minnesota Medicine
David S Kushner
Presurgical selection criteria for decompressive craniectomy (DC) for treatment of severe traumatic brain injury remain controversial. Proposed criteria to improve outcomes include high admission Glasgow Coma Scale scores (≥7) and exclusion of patients having brainstem involvement. Neurosurgeons may be unaware of long-term functional outcomes in their DC patients. Therefore, to underscore an exceptional outcome that may have been facilitated by DC, while highlighting need for caution in development of potentially overly restrictive presurgical selection criteria, this case report of a 21-yr-old premed college student admitted with severe traumatic brain injury, Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3, left fixed dilated pupil, and brainstem signs, who had emergency DC, is presented...
February 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Jessica A Gold, Frances K Barg, Katherine Margo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the need for more primary care physicians, the number of medical students choosing primary care careers remains lower than other specialties. While undergraduate premedical education is an essential component in the development of future physicians, little is known about undergraduate students' perspectives on becoming primary care physicians. To better understand the early factors in career selection, we asked premed and former premed students their perceptions of primary care...
October 2014: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Behnoosh Afghani, Rosanne Santos, Marco Angulo, Walter Muratori
The authors describe an innovative summer enrichment program based on a cascading mentorship model to transfer knowledge and skills from faculty to medical students to undergraduate students and finally to high school students. The program was designed to give high school students a glimpse of life in medical school and enhance the teaching and leadership skills of underrepresented undergraduate and medical students. Started in 2010 with 30 high school students and 9 college and medical student coaches, the University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine Summer Premed Program expanded rapidly over the next two summers and enrolled a total of 253 high school students, 48 college students, and 12 medical students...
September 2013: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lisa N Miura, Rebecca S Boxer
Our careers began with the long, arduous, and intensely focused commitments of premed, medical school, residency, and fellowship. We planned our lives rationally and enacted our plans with care. Now we have long-desired and satisfying careers. We discovered something, however, that the culture of medical training and our plans had failed to anticipate: We did not allow time for the unexpected.
July 2013: Annals of Family Medicine
L Pandiani, A Souêtre
BACKGROUND: The PreMed symposium is dedicated to presenting the potential contribution of laboratory medicine to preventive medicine and to the prediction of diseases. At the 2008 PreMed meeting, innovative research approaches, new technologies for laboratory medicine, late-breaking news for molecular medicine and new approaches for disease screening were presented by top scientists. OBJECTIVE: To reflect on the global state of research in preventive medicine and laboratory medicine, but also constraints such as reliability and cost-effectiveness of preventive and predictive measures, which include genomics and pharmacogenomics, new technologies for personalized medicine, management of cardiovascular diseases and biomarkers of dementia and preeclampsia...
March 2009: Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics
Berit W Rothausen, Jeppe Matthiessen, Margit V Groth, Per B Brockhoff, Lene F Andersen, Ellen Trolle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate energy intake (EI) estimated from two non-consecutive 24-hour recalls (24-HDRs) and a pre-coded seven-day food record (7-dFR) against objective measurements of energy expenditure (EE) in children. DESIGN: A total of 67 7-8 year-olds and 64 12-13 year-olds completed the 2×24-HDRs, the 7-dFR, and wore ActiReg(®) (PreMed AS, Oslo, Norway), a combined position and motion recording instrument, during the same seven days as the 7-dFR was filled in...
2012: Food & Nutrition Research
Lara Brongo Pacifici, Norman Thomson
Most students participating in science undergraduate research (UR) plan to attend either medical school or graduate school. This study examines possible differences between premed and non-premed students in their influences to do research and expectations of research. Questionnaire responses from 55 premed students and 80 non-premed students were analyzed. No differences existed in the expectations of research between the two groups, but attitudes toward science and intrinsic motivation to learn more about science were significantly higher for non-premed students...
2011: CBE Life Sciences Education
Lysa P Posner, Alana A Pavuk, Jennifer L Rokshar, Jennifer E Carter, Jay F Levine
OBJECTIVE: To determine which class of opioid alone or in conjunction with other anesthetic drugs causes post-anesthetic hyperthermia in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. ANIMALS: Eight adult, healthy, cats (four spayed females and four castrated males weighing 3.8 +/- 0.6 kg). METHODS: Each cat was instrumented with a wireless thermistor in the abdominal cavity. Temperature in all phases was recorded every 5 minutes for 5 hours...
January 2010: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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