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Ji Hye Yu, Su Jin Chae, Ki Hong Chang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic self-efficacy, socially-prescribed perfectionism, and academic burnout in medical school students and to determine whether academic self-efficacy had a mediating role in the relationship between perfectionism and academic burnout. METHODS: A total of 244 first-year and second-year premed medical students and first- to fourth-year medical students were enrolled in this study. As study tools, socially-prescribed perfectionism, academic self-efficacy, and academic burnout scales were utilized...
March 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Andrea Banuelos, Behnoosh Afghani
BACKGROUND: The worldwide shortage of doctors and the low representation of minorities in medicine outline the need for enrichment programmes that expose a diverse population of youth to health careers. This report describes the innovative Summer Premed Program run at the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, from the perspective of our diverse group of participating high school students. METHODS: Our unique and highly interactive programme focused on providing youths with a glimpse of life in medical school...
October 2016: Clinical Teacher
Quinn Capers, David P Way
PURPOSE: African American (AA) physicians are more likely to practice primary care and care for underserved populations than majority physicians, yet remain underrep-resented in medicine. Because Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have a legacy of matriculating students with lower standardized test scores, majority medical schools may be reluctant to form pipelines with HBCUs. We compared academic and postgraduate performance of two groups of AA students at The Ohio State University College of Medicine: HBCU versus Predominantly White Institutions (PWI) graduates...
August 2015: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Maree Johnson, Samuel Lapkin, Vanessa Long, Paula Sanchez, Hanna Suominen, Jim Basilakis, Linda Dawson
BACKGROUND: To undertake a systematic review of existing literature relating to speech recognition technology and its application within health care. METHODS: A systematic review of existing literature from 2000 was undertaken. Inclusion criteria were: all papers that referred to speech recognition (SR) in health care settings, used by health professionals (allied health, medicine, nursing, technical or support staff), with an evaluation or patient or staff outcomes...
2014: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
C P Snowden, G Minto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Kim Kiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Minnesota Medicine
David S Kushner
Presurgical selection criteria for decompressive craniectomy (DC) for treatment of severe traumatic brain injury remain controversial. Proposed criteria to improve outcomes include high admission Glasgow Coma Scale scores (≥7) and exclusion of patients having brainstem involvement. Neurosurgeons may be unaware of long-term functional outcomes in their DC patients. Therefore, to underscore an exceptional outcome that may have been facilitated by DC, while highlighting need for caution in development of potentially overly restrictive presurgical selection criteria, this case report of a 21-yr-old premed college student admitted with severe traumatic brain injury, Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3, left fixed dilated pupil, and brainstem signs, who had emergency DC, is presented...
February 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Jessica A Gold, Frances K Barg, Katherine Margo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the need for more primary care physicians, the number of medical students choosing primary care careers remains lower than other specialties. While undergraduate premedical education is an essential component in the development of future physicians, little is known about undergraduate students' perspectives on becoming primary care physicians. To better understand the early factors in career selection, we asked premed and former premed students their perceptions of primary care...
October 2014: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Behnoosh Afghani, Rosanne Santos, Marco Angulo, Walter Muratori
The authors describe an innovative summer enrichment program based on a cascading mentorship model to transfer knowledge and skills from faculty to medical students to undergraduate students and finally to high school students. The program was designed to give high school students a glimpse of life in medical school and enhance the teaching and leadership skills of underrepresented undergraduate and medical students. Started in 2010 with 30 high school students and 9 college and medical student coaches, the University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine Summer Premed Program expanded rapidly over the next two summers and enrolled a total of 253 high school students, 48 college students, and 12 medical students...
September 2013: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lisa N Miura, Rebecca S Boxer
Our careers began with the long, arduous, and intensely focused commitments of premed, medical school, residency, and fellowship. We planned our lives rationally and enacted our plans with care. Now we have long-desired and satisfying careers. We discovered something, however, that the culture of medical training and our plans had failed to anticipate: We did not allow time for the unexpected.
July 2013: Annals of Family Medicine
L Pandiani, A Souêtre
BACKGROUND: The PreMed symposium is dedicated to presenting the potential contribution of laboratory medicine to preventive medicine and to the prediction of diseases. At the 2008 PreMed meeting, innovative research approaches, new technologies for laboratory medicine, late-breaking news for molecular medicine and new approaches for disease screening were presented by top scientists. OBJECTIVE: To reflect on the global state of research in preventive medicine and laboratory medicine, but also constraints such as reliability and cost-effectiveness of preventive and predictive measures, which include genomics and pharmacogenomics, new technologies for personalized medicine, management of cardiovascular diseases and biomarkers of dementia and preeclampsia...
March 2009: Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics
Berit W Rothausen, Jeppe Matthiessen, Margit V Groth, Per B Brockhoff, Lene F Andersen, Ellen Trolle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate energy intake (EI) estimated from two non-consecutive 24-hour recalls (24-HDRs) and a pre-coded seven-day food record (7-dFR) against objective measurements of energy expenditure (EE) in children. DESIGN: A total of 67 7-8 year-olds and 64 12-13 year-olds completed the 2×24-HDRs, the 7-dFR, and wore ActiReg(®) (PreMed AS, Oslo, Norway), a combined position and motion recording instrument, during the same seven days as the 7-dFR was filled in...
2012: Food & Nutrition Research
Lara Brongo Pacifici, Norman Thomson
Most students participating in science undergraduate research (UR) plan to attend either medical school or graduate school. This study examines possible differences between premed and non-premed students in their influences to do research and expectations of research. Questionnaire responses from 55 premed students and 80 non-premed students were analyzed. No differences existed in the expectations of research between the two groups, but attitudes toward science and intrinsic motivation to learn more about science were significantly higher for non-premed students...
2011: CBE Life Sciences Education
Lysa P Posner, Alana A Pavuk, Jennifer L Rokshar, Jennifer E Carter, Jay F Levine
OBJECTIVE: To determine which class of opioid alone or in conjunction with other anesthetic drugs causes post-anesthetic hyperthermia in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. ANIMALS: Eight adult, healthy, cats (four spayed females and four castrated males weighing 3.8 +/- 0.6 kg). METHODS: Each cat was instrumented with a wireless thermistor in the abdominal cavity. Temperature in all phases was recorded every 5 minutes for 5 hours...
January 2010: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Bridget M Kuehn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2009: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Anja Biltoft-Jensen, Jeppe Matthiessen, Lone B Rasmussen, Sisse Fagt, Margit V Groth, Ole Hels
Under-reporting of energy intake (EI) is a well-known problem when measuring dietary intake in free-living populations. The present study aimed at quantifying misreporting by comparing EI estimated from the Danish pre-coded food diary against energy expenditure (EE) measured with a validated position-and-motion instrument (ActiReg). Further, the influence of recording length on EI:BMR, percentage consumers, the number of meal occasions and recorded food items per meal was examined. A total of 138 Danish volunteers aged 20-59 years wore the ActiReg and recorded their food intake for 7 consecutive days...
December 2009: British Journal of Nutrition
Z L S Brookes, C C McGown, C S Reilly
The use of statins is widespread and many patients presenting for surgery are regularly taking them. There is evidence that statins have beneficial effects beyond those of lipid lowering, including reducing the perioperative risk of cardiac complications and sepsis. This review addresses the cellular mechanisms by which statins may produce these effects. Statins appear to have actions on vascular nitric oxide through the balance of inducible and endothelial nitric oxide synthase. The clinical evidence for these benefits is also briefly reviewed with the objective of clarifying the current status of statin use in the perioperative period...
July 2009: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Geum-Hee Jeong
A discriminant analysis was conducted to investigate how an essay, a mathematics/science type of essay, a college scholastic ability test, and grade point average affect acceptance to a pre-med course at a Korean medical school. Subjects included 122 and 385 applicants for, respectively, early and regular admission to a medical school in Korea. The early admission examination was conducted in October 2007, and the regular admission examination was conducted in January 2008. The analysis of early admission data revealed significant F values for the mathematics/science type of essay (51...
2008: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Daniel Arvidsson, Frode Slinde, Sven Larsson, Lena Hulthén
PURPOSE: The SenseWear Pro2 Armband (SWA; BodyMedia, Inc., Pittsburg, PA), the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA; Minisun LLC, Fresno, CA), and the ActiReg (AR; PreMed AS, Oslo, Norway) were compared with indirect calorimetry to determine the ability of these devices to assess energy cost in children during resting and different physical activities. METHODS: Fourteen children, 11-13 yr old, wore the SWA, the IDEEA, and the AR during resting, sitting, stationary bicycling, jumping on a trampoline, playing basketball, stair walking, and walking/running along a 50-m track...
March 2009: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
James E Dalen, Joseph S Alpert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2009: American Journal of Medicine
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