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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545093/ending-preventable-maternal-and-child-deaths-in-western-nigeria-do-women-utilize-the-life-lines
#1
Titilayo Olaitan, Ifeoma P Okafor, Adebayo T Onajole, Olayinka A Abosede
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria which constitutes just one percent of the world population, accounts for 13% of the world maternal and under-five mortality. Utilization of health care services has been an important determinant of maternal and child outcomes. The vast majority of maternal and child deaths could be prevented if women utilize the available life lines. The study objective was to determine utilization of maternal and child health care services among women of child bearing age in Western Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544789/determinants-of-recent-aflatoxin-exposure-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-zimbabwe
#2
Laura E Smith, Mduduzi N N Mbuya, Andrew J Prendergast, Paul C Turner, Sandra Ruboko, Jean H Humphrey, Rebecca J Nelson, Ancikaria Chigumira, George Kembo, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
SCOPE: Aflatoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus species that contaminate staple foods such as maize and groundnuts. Aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth outcomes in limited-scale surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to describe the determinants of aflatoxin exposure, using urinary aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) biomarkers and data generated by the Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial for rural Zimbabwean women in early pregnancy...
May 22, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544343/levels-of-anxiety-in-parents-in-the-24-h-before-and-after-their-child-s-surgery-a-descriptive-study
#3
Laura Pomicino, Elena Maccacari, Sara Buchini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To: a. investigate pre and post-operative anxiety levels in parents of surgical patients; b. identify factors that affect parental anxiety; c. analyze assistance provided and overall parental satisfaction in order to assess if and how this aspect can impact their anxiety level. BACKGROUND: Surgery as an event generates anxiety in children and their parents. Children who are anxious before surgery are likely to develop more postoperative psychological and physiological complications than those who are not...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542506/impact-evaluation-of-different-cash-based-intervention-modalities-on-child-and-maternal-nutritional-status-in-sindh-province-pakistan-at-6-mo-and-at-1-y-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Bridget Fenn, Tim Colbourn, Carmel Dolan, Silke Pietzsch, Murtaza Sangrasi, Jeremy Shoham
BACKGROUND: Cash-based interventions (CBIs), offer an interesting opportunity to prevent increases in wasting in humanitarian aid settings. However, questions remain as to the impact of CBIs on nutritional status and, therefore, how to incorporate them into emergency programmes to maximise their success in terms of improved nutritional outcomes. This study evaluated the effects of three different CBI modalities on nutritional outcomes in children under 5 y of age at 6 mo and at 1 y. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a four-arm parallel longitudinal cluster randomised controlled trial in 114 villages in Dadu District, Pakistan...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#5
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541262/joint-espghan-naspghan-guidelines-for-the-management-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-children-and-adolescents-update-2016
#6
Nicola L Jones, Sibylle Koletzko, Karen Goodman, Patrick Bontems, Samy Cadranel, Thomas Casswall, Steve Czinn, Benjamin D Gold, Jeannette Guarner, Yoram Elitsur, Matjaž Homan, Nicolas Kalach, Michal Kori, Armando Madrazo, Francis Megraud, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Marion Rowland
BACKGROUND: Because of the changing epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection and low efficacy of currently recommended therapies, an update of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition/North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition recommendations for the diagnosis and management of H pylori infection in children and adolescents is required. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (time period: 2009-2014) was performed...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539413/unconditional-cash-transfers-do-not-prevent-children-s-undernutrition-in-the-moderate-acute-malnutrition-out-mam-out-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#7
Freddy Houngbe, Audrey Tonguet-Papucci, Chiara Altare, Myriam Ait-Aissa, Jean-François Huneau, Lieven Huybregts, Patrick Kolsteren
Background: Limited evidence is available on the impact that unconditional cash transfer (UCT) programs can have on child nutrition, particularly in West Africa, where child undernutrition is still a public health challenge.Objective: This study examined the impact of a multiannual, seasonal UCT program to reduce the occurrence of wasting (weight-for-height, midupper arm circumference), stunting (height-for-age), and morbidity among children <36 mo old in Tapoa Province, in the eastern region of Burkina Faso...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538941/-nutritional-status-of-schoolchildren-of-the-national-child-and-youth-education-teaching-network-of-the-social-service-of-commerce-sesc-brazil-2012
#8
Luiz Antonio Dos Anjos, Willian Dimas Bezerra da Silveira
The objective of this study was to identify and describe the growth and nutritional anthropometric profile of children enrolled in the Sesc National Network of Elementary Education. It is a cross-sectional study conducted among 20,113 students (9,992 girls) from 83 schools aged from 3 to 17. Nutritional status was determined using the body mass index for age and stature for age according to the WHO criteria. Stunting was observed in only 1.6% (girls) and 1.3% (boys). Overweight + obesity was observed in 29...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#9
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537869/a-child-with-kwashiorkor-misdiagnosed-as-atopic-dermatitis
#10
Marcus Henrique de S B Xavier, Eduardo De Magalhães, Gilmar Ferraz Oliveira, Mariana Keltke Magalhães, Cláudio Prates de Almeida E Oliveira, Natália Bragança Oliveira
Although uncommon, kwashiorkor continues to occur in developed, but mainly in developing nations. It is a type of protein-calorie malnutrition that occurs in the setting of insufficient protein intake in the presence of sufficient caloric intake. Skin and hair changes should prompt a thorough dietary history and appropriate dietary intervention. We report a case of a 12-month old girl in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, who presented with diffuse edema, desquamation, and irritability misdiagnosed as atopic dermatitis...
May 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537583/impact-of-the-n-6-n-3-long-chain-pufa-ratio-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-offspring-neurodevelopment-5-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
C Brei, L Stecher, S Brunner, R Ensenauer, F Heinen, P D Wagner, J Hermsdörfer, H Hauner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Evidence regarding the effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation during pregnancy on offspring's neurodevelopment is not conclusive. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this analysis, the effect of a reduced n-6:n-3 LCPUFA ratio in the diet of pregnant/lactating women (1.2 g n-3 LCPUFA together with an arachidonic acid (AA)-balanced diet between 15th wk of gestation-4 months postpartum vs control diet) on child neurodevelopment at 4 and 5 years of age was assessed...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537582/thyroid-homeostasis-in-mother-child-pairs-in-relation-to-maternal-iodine-status-the-misa-study
#12
V Berg, T H Nøst, G Skeie, Y Thomassen, B Berlinger, A S Veyhe, R Jorde, J Ø Odland, S Hansen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Iodine deficiency during pregnancy may influence maternal and foetal thyroid function with the risk of causing neurocognitive and psychomotor deficits in the offspring. The objective of this study was to assess iodine status in pregnant women from Northern Norway and to investigate the influence of iodine status on maternal and infant thyroid function. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Women from the Northern Norway Mother-and-Child contaminant Cohort Study (MISA) donated a blood and urine sample at three visits during their pregnancy and postpartum period (in second trimester, 3 days and 6 weeks after delivery...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535828/gaps-in-international-nutrition-and-child-feeding-guidelines-a-look-at-the-nutrition-and-young-child-feeding-education-of-ghanaian-nurses
#13
Jennie N Davis, Helen Brown, Samantha A Ramsay
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nutrition and young child feeding (YCF) education and training of nurses in public health clinics of Ghana's Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem region (KEEA) in relation to global health guidelines, and how nurses served as educators for caregivers with children aged 0-5 years. DESIGN: A qualitative study of semi-structured one-on-one and group interviews (n 21) following a questionnaire of closed- and open-ended questions addressing child feeding, nutrition and global health recommendations...
May 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532433/partnering-with-women-collectives-for-delivering-essential-women-s-nutrition-interventions-in-tribal-areas-of-eastern-india-a-scoping-study
#14
Vani Sethi, Arti Bhanot, Surbhi Bhalla, Sourav Bhattacharjee, Abner Daniel, Deepika Mehrish Sharma, Rajkumar Gope, Saba Mebrahtu
BACKGROUND: We examined the feasibility of engaging women collectives in delivering a package of women's nutrition messages/services as a funded stakeholder in three tribal-dominated districts of Odisha, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States, in eastern India. These districts have high prevalence of child stunting and poor government service outreach. METHODS: Conducted between July 2014 and March 2015, an exploratory mix-methods design was adopted (review of coverage data and government reports, field interviews and focus group discussion with multiple stakeholders and intended communities) to assess coverage of women's nutrition services...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#15
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#16
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#17
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520635/decreasing-disparities-in-child-development-assessment-identifying-and-discussing-possible-delays-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic
#18
Katharine E Zuckerman, Alison E Chavez, Julie A Reeder
OBJECTIVE: To assess how staff at the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) address potential developmental delays and parent developmental concerns in children <5 years. METHODS: A Web-based survey of Oregon WIC staff in nonadministrative roles assessed staff interactions with parents regarding concerning child development/behavior, perceptions of connectedness with local developmental resources, and knowledge of typical child development...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514987/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-within-households
#19
Satoko Kosaka, Masahiro Umezaki
Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the emergence of the double burden of malnutrition within households. We provide an overview of the literature regarding this phenomenon by reviewing previous studies of the prevalence of double-burden households and associated factors together with the research methods used. Studies were identified from the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science, using the same search terms for both. A total of thirty-five articles met the eligibility criteria, and 367 sets of prevalence data were extracted...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513798/anemia-and-hemoglobin-levels-among-indigenous-xavante-children-central-brazil
#20
Aline Alves Ferreira, Ricardo Ventura Santos, July Anne Mendonça de Souza, James R Welch, Carlos E A Coimbra
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of anemia, mean hemoglobin levels, and the main nutritional, demographic, and socioeconomic factors among Xavante children in Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Methods: A survey was conducted with children under 10 years of age in two indigenous Xavante communities within the Pimentel Barbosa Indigenous Reserve. Hemoglobin concentration levels, anthropometric measurements, and socioeconomic/demographic data were collected by means of clinical measurements and structured interviews...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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