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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090508/laser-applications-in-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Beina Azadgoli, Regina Y Baker
In modern medicine, lasers are increasingly utilized for treatment of a variety of pathologies as interest in less invasive treatment modalities intensifies. The physics behind lasers allows the same basic principles to be applied to a multitude of tissue types using slight modifications of the system. Multiple laser systems have been studied within each field of medicine. The term "laser" was combined with "surgery," "ablation," "lithotripsy," "cancer treatment," "tumor ablation," "dermatology," "skin rejuvenation," "lipolysis," "cardiology," "atrial fibrillation (AF)," and "epilepsy" during separate searches in the PubMed database...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050474/technique-efficiency-and-safety-of-different-nerve-blocks-for-analgesia-in-laser-ablation-and-sclerotherapy-for-lower-limb-superficial-venous-insufficiency-a-multicentre-experience
#2
Krishna Prasad Premnath Bellam, Binu Joy, Abhilash Sandhyala, Kiran Naiknaware, Brijesh Ray, Vijayakumar
INTRODUCTION: Laser ablation and sclerotherapy, as minimally invasive alternatives to surgery for varicose veins, have good efficacy, safety and cosmetic result. Some form of anaesthesia is generally used for pain control. AIM: To describe the technique and evaluate the efficacy and safety of femoral, saphenous and sciatic nerve blocks in isolation or in combination for analgesia during laser ablation and sclerotherapy for lower limb varicose veins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, over a period of 33 months, in 856 limbs of 681 patients with varicose veins, ultrasound guided femoral, saphenous and sciatic nerve blocks for analgesia were performed in 769, 808 and 52 instances respectively; following which, endovenous laser ablation, sclerotherapy or combination of both were carried out using standard practice...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048327/su-f-p-58-squamous-cell-and-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-skin-treated-with-a-freiburg-flap-applicator
#3
K Dou, B Li, M Jacobs, B Laser
PURPOSE: To treat squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma of the skin with the Freiburg flap applicator using a high dose rate modality of an Elekta Flexitron or MicroSelectron for radiation delivery by compensating the dose deviation resulting from the incomplete scatter environment. METHODS: Patients were selected to have lesions greater than or equal to 2cm. A mask might be needed depending on special locations. The lesions on the eyelid and face presented in this research were, however, treated without a mask...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009693/importance-of-scar-prevention-and-treatment-an-approach-from-wound-care-principles
#4
Leonardo Marini, Derek Odendaal, Sergey Smirnyi
BACKGROUND: The increased number of cosmetic surgical and nonsurgical procedures has led to a greater demand to achieve aesthetically acceptable scars. Silicone gel (SG) dressings were evaluated in these cases following the principles of wound care and also minimizing abnormal scar formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A newly developed solution in wound care in the form of a SG has proven to be a highly effective treatment for a series of 4 clinically challenging cases presented in this article: postprocedure healing after a laser treatment, nonhealing scalp wounds, chronic relapsing xerotic eczematous cheilitis, and the treatment of scars caused by third degree burns...
January 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004257/literature-review-of-cosmetic-procedures-in-men-approaches-and-techniques-are-gender-specific
#5
REVIEW
Brandon E Cohen, Sameer Bashey, Ashley Wysong
The proportion of men receiving non-surgical cosmetic procedures has risen substantially in recent years. Various physiologic, anatomic, and motivational considerations differentiate the treatments for male and female patients. Nevertheless, research regarding approaches to the male cosmetic patient is scarce. We sought to provide an overview and sex-specific discussion of the most popular cosmetic dermatologic procedures pursued by men by conducting a comprehensive literature review pertaining to non-surgical cosmetic procedures in male patients...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999819/detection-of-the-single-session-complete-ablation-rate-by-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-during-ultrasound-guided-laser-ablation-for-benign-thyroid-nodules-a-prospective-study
#6
Shuhua Ma, Ping Zhou, Xiaomin Wu, Shuangming Tian, Yongfeng Zhao
This study aimed to investigate the single-session complete ablation rate of ultrasound-guided percutaneous laser ablation (LA) for benign thyroid nodules. LA was performed in 90 patients with 118 benign thyroid nodules. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was used to evaluate complete nodule ablation one day after ablation. Thyroid nodule volumes, thyroid functions, clinical symptoms and complications were evaluated 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after ablation. Results showed that all benign thyroid nodules successfully underwent LA...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999648/comparison-of-long-pulsed-alexandrite-laser-and-topical-tretinoin-ammonium-lactate-in-axillary-acanthosis-nigricans-a-case-series-of-patients-in-a-before-after-trial
#7
Amirhoushang Ehsani, Pedram Noormohammadpour, Azadeh Goodarzi, Mostafa Mirshams Shahshahani, Seyede Pardis Hejazi, Elhamsadat Hosseini, Arghavan Azizpour
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a brown to black, velvety hyperpigmentation of the skin that usually involves cutaneous folds. Treatment of AN is important regarding cosmetic reasons and various therapeutic modalities have been used for these purposes. The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of long-pulsed alexandrite laser and topical tretinoin-ammonium lactate for treatment of axillary-AN. METHODS: Fifteen patients with bilateral axillary-AN were studied in Razi Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996346/journal-of-cosmetic-and-laser-therapy
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964825/carbon-dioxide-laser-treatment-of-penile-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#9
Abdullah Zreik, Matthew Rewhorn, Ross Vint, Rehan Khan, David Hendry
INTRODUCTION & OBJECTIVE: The non-invasive nature of penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) allows for curative penile sparing therapy and is recommended, in their guidelines, by the European Association of Urology (EAU). Treatment options include topical chemotherapy, immunotherapy, laser treatment, photodynamic therapy and surgical excision. Our primary aim was to evaluate the outcome of carbon dioxide (CO2) laser treatment of penile intraepithelial neoplasia. METHODS: A retrospective review of 47 patients who underwent CO2 laser ablation of PeIN, from May 2008 to June 2015, in our tertiary referral centre was performed...
December 7, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930376/excimer-light-treatment-for-idiopathic-guttate-hypomelanosis-a-pilot-study
#10
Jennifer R S Gordon, Kellie E Reed, Katherine R Sebastian, Ammar M Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH) is a commonly acquired benign leukoderma characterized by multiple discrete, hypo- or depigmented macules often on extremities that can be aesthetically undesirable for patients. This is the first study using excimer laser for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of excimer laser for repigmentation of idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this longitudinal, split-body controlled, single-blinded pilot study, 6 patients were treated with excimer laser for 12 weeks using the vitiligo protocol...
December 2, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918003/combination-therapy-in-skin-of-color-including-injectables-laser-and-light-devices
#11
Lark Guss, Joanna G Bolton, Sabrina Guillen Fabi
With the rapid increase in patients seeking cosmetic treatments, the variation in responses of lightly pigmented skin versus darkly pigmented skin has become increasingly apparent. Despite extensive treatment options in patients with skin of color, there is a paucity of well-designed studies performed on this patient population. The lack of research is concerning, as it is well documented that patients with darker skin types are at an increased risk of adverse events when treated with many of the available modalities used in cosmetic procedures...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911476/nd-yag-and-pulsed-dye-laser-therapy-in-infantile-hemangiomas-a-retrospective-analysis-of-271-treated-hemangiomas-in-149-children
#12
F Hartmann, A Lockmann, L-L Grönemeyer, H A Haenssle, M Zutt, H von Fintel, I Kühnle, M P Schön, K-M Thoms
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are common benign tumors in infancy. Most IH resolve spontaneously, but some require treatment due to ulceration, functional impairment or cosmetic disfiguration. While systemic propranolol is effective in many cases, laser therapy may be a safe topical alternative. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of combined Nd:YAG/pulsed dye laser (PDL) or PDL alone for therapy of IH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 271 IH in 149 infants were treated with combined Nd:YAG/PDL or PDL alone...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878794/varicosities-of-the-lower-extremity-new-approaches-cosmetic-or-therapeutic-needs
#13
Luca Spinedi, Heiko Uthoff, Sasan Partovi, Daniel Staub
Varicose veins of the lower extremity (VVLE) are a frequently encountered vascular disorder in the general population. The general view that VVLE are a non-serious disease with primarily aesthetic impact is a common misconception, as the disease can have a significant negative impact on generic and disease-specific quality of life. Further, VVLE may be associated with potentially threatening clinical conditions, such as chronic venous ulceration, venous thromboembolism and haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873347/infantile-hemangioma-with-minimal-or-arrested-growth-further-observations-on-clinical-and-histopathologic-findings-of-this-unique-but-underrecognized-entity
#14
Ellen Hui Ma, Susan J Robertson, Chung W Chow, Philip S Bekhor
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) with minimal or arrested growth (IH-MAG) is becoming increasingly recognized in the literature. It is important to be aware of their existence, because the correct diagnosis is essential for prognostication and treatment and, in the case of facial segmental lesions, the direction of further investigations if PHACE (posterior fossa abnormalities and other structural brain abnormalities; hemangioma(s) of the cervical facial region; arterial cerebrovascular anomalies; cardiac defects, aortic coarctation, and other aortic abnormalities; eye anomalies) syndrome or Sturge-Weber syndrome is suspected...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862066/fractional-co2-laser-treatment-of-caesarean-section-scars-a-randomized-controlled-split-scar-trial-with-long-term-follow-up-assessment
#15
Katrine E Karmisholt, Elisabeth H Taudorf, Camilla B Wulff, Emily Wenande, Peter A Philipsen, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caesarean section (c-section) scars can be pose functional and cosmetic challenges and ablative fractional laser (AFXL) treatment may offer benefit to patients. We evaluated textural and color changes over time in AFXL-treated versus untreated control scars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, intra-individual split-scar trial with three sessions of AFXL-treatments for mature c-section scars. Settings of AFXL were adjusted to each individual scar...
November 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856773/real-world-efficacy-of-1064-nm-nd-yag-laser-for-the-treatment-of-onychomycosis
#16
REVIEW
Jason K Rivers, Brianne J Vestvik, Jonathan Berkowitz
BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is a cosmetic and, at times, medical concern; therefore, effective and safe alternatives to treatment are needed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of onychomycosis in a real-world setting. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective chart review was conducted between 2012 and 2013. One hundred consecutive patients with a culture- and/or potassium hydroxide-confirmed diagnosis of onychomycosis were treated at least twice...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846771/an-8-year-population-description-from-a-national-treatment-centre-on-lymphatic-malformations
#17
Jill Josefine Eliasson, Inanna Weiss, Hans Erik Høgevold, Nina Oliver, Rune Andersen, Kirsti Try, Kim Alexander Tønseth
INTRODUCTION: Lymphatic malformations are rare developmental non-malignant abnormalities that present as masses consisting of abnormal growth of fluid filled channels or spaces in the skin or deep tissue that result in abnormalities of lymphatic flow. They may cause symptoms like pain, recurrent lymphorrea, abnormal bone growth, and disturbance of bodily functions. They may also be a cosmetic problem. The study aims to describe the population with lymphatic malformations (LM) treated at a national referral centre...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842856/hyaluronan-polymeric-micelles-for-topical-drug-delivery
#18
Daniela Šmejkalová, Tomáš Muthný, Kristina Nešporová, Martina Hermannová, Eva Achbergerová, Gloria Huerta-Angeles, Marek Svoboda, Martin Čepa, Veronika Machalová, Dominika Luptáková, Vladimír Velebný
Nanosized materials offer promising strategy for topical drug delivery due to their enhancing effect on drug percutaneous transport across the stratum corneum barrier. In this work, polymeric micelles made from hydrophobized hyaluronic acid (HA) were probed for skin delivery. Compared to non-polymeric micelle solutions containing similar drug amount, in vitro skin penetration analysis indicated 3 times larger deposition of drug in the epidermis and 6 times larger drug deposition in the dermis after 5h of topical treatment in Franz diffusion cells...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806525/clinical-effectiveness-of-gingival-depigmentation-using-conventional-surgical-scrapping-and-diode-laser-technique-a-quasi-experimental-study
#19
Raghavendra Reddy Nagati, M Ragul, Nabeeh A Al-Qahtani, K S Ravi, S Tikare, Mohan Kumar Pasupuleti
Excessive gingival pigmentation is a major aesthetic concern in modern society, though it is not a medical problem they consider it as a negative attribute. Patients with gingival hyperpigmentation usually complain and request cosmetic therapy, particularly if the pigmentation is visible during speaking and smiling. Various depigmentation methods, including burr abrasion, cryosurgery, electro-surgery, split thickness flap excision and surgical scraping techniques have been used with varying degrees of success...
August 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802065/a-review-on-laser-and-light-based-therapies-for-alopecia-areata
#20
Stephanie Mlacker, Adam Souhail Aldahan, Brian James Simmons, Vidhi Shah, Colin Andrew McNamara, Sahal Samarkandy, Keyvan Nouri
Alopecia areata is a form of non-scarring alopecia that results from a hyperactive immune response of T cells against hair follicles. Many patients with visible hair loss experience psychological and emotional distress, as a result of their cosmetic disfigurement, and frequently seek treatment. However, existing treatment methods, such as corticosteroids, topical irritants, sensitizing agents, immunosuppressants, and psoralen plus ultraviolet light A may result in various adverse effects and often lack efficacy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
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