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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523260/combination-therapy-of-raloxifene-and-alendronate-for-treatment-of-osteoporosis-in-elderly-women
#1
Mi Jung Um, Eun A Cho, Hyuk Jung
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of the combination of raloxifene and alendronate with those of monotherapies in elderly women with osteoporosis. METHODS: Sixty-two postmenopausal women (mean age 63.5 ± 0.5 years) attending gynecologic osteoporosis clinics with established osteoporosis were randomly allocated to one of four treatment groups and monitored for 3 years. All patients enrolled in this study, including those in the control group (n = 14), received 1...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521859/-evaluation-of-primary-adherence-to-medications-in-patients-with-chronic-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Francisco Emiliano Peper, Santiago Esteban, Sergio Adrian Terrasa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the proportion of members of a private health insurance at the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires with primary adherence to, 1) bisphosphonates for secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures, 2) insulin and metformin in type 2 diabetes, and 3) tamoxifen in the context of treatment of breast cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study to determine the proportion of primary treatment adherence during 2012 and 2013. SITE: Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina...
May 15, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512501/effect-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-product-qiangguyin-on-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-in-chinese-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#3
Zhen-Yu Shi, Xin-Gen Zhang, Chun-Wen Li, Kang Liu, Bo-Cheng Liang, Xiao-Lin Shi
Introduction. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of herbal formula QiangGuYin (QGY) in postmenopausal women. Materials and Methods. A total of 240 participants from six clinical centers were randomly to receive alendronate 70 mg/week, QGY granules 20 g/day, and placebo. Primary end points were BMD changes over 6 and 12 months; secondary end points were bone turnover markers changes at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Safety was monitored by clinical adverse events reported during the follow-up...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509133/denosumab-for-treatment-of-immobilization-related-hypercalcemia-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#4
Atsuko Uehara, Masahiko Yazawa, Atsumi Kawata, Rina Hachisuka, Yugo Shibagaki
The efficacy and safety of denosumab for the treatment of immobilization-related hypercalcemia in end-stage renal disease remain uncertain. We describe the case of a hemodialysis patient with immobilization-related hypercalcemia who was successfully treated with denosumab. A 79-year-old man admitted for hemodialysis after sustaining an acute kidney injury developed immobilization-related hypercalcemia due to the impairment resulting from an acute myocardial infarction, acute heart failure, and catheter-related bloodstream infection...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498349/desalted-duck-egg-white-peptides-promote-calcium-uptake-and-modulate-bone-formation-in-the-retinoic-acid-induced-bone-loss-rat-and-caco-2-cell-model
#5
Tao Hou, Yanshuang Liu, Nikolai Kolba, Danjun Guo, Hui He
Desalted duck egg white peptides (DPs) have been proven to promote calcium uptake in Caco-2 cells and rats treated with a calcium-deficient diet. The retinoic acid-induced bone loss model was used to evaluate the effect of DPs on calcium absorption and bone formation. Three-month-old Wistar female rats were treated with 0.9% saline, DPs (800 mg/kg), or alendronate (5 mg/kg) for three weeks immediately after retinoic acid treatment (80 mg/kg) once daily for two weeks. The model group was significantly higher in serum bone alkaline phosphatase than the other three groups (p < 0...
May 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497215/evidence-based-prevention-and-treatment-of-osteoporosis-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Saeed Soleyman-Jahi, Ali Yousefian, Radin Maheronnaghsh, Farhad Shokraneh, Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Akbar Soltani, Seyed Mostafa Hosseini, Alexander R Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in accelerated bone mineral density (BMD) loss and disorganization of trabecular bone architecture. The mechanisms underlying post-SCI osteoporosis are complex and different from other types of osteoporosis. Findings of studies investigating efficacy of pharmacological or rehabilitative interventions in SCI-related osteoporosis are controversial. The aim of this study was to review the literature pertaining to prevention and evidence-based treatments of SCI-related osteoporosis...
May 11, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492856/treatment-of-low-bone-density-or-osteoporosis-to-prevent-fractures-in-men-and-women-a-clinical-practice-guideline-update-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#7
Amir Qaseem, Mary Ann Forciea, Robert M McLean, Thomas D Denberg
Description: This guideline updates the 2008 American College of Physicians (ACP) recommendations on treatment of low bone density and osteoporosis to prevent fractures in men and women. This guideline is endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Methods: The ACP Clinical Guidelines Committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized controlled trials; systematic reviews; large observational studies (for adverse events); and case reports (for rare events) that were published between 2 January 2005 and 3 June 2011...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480658/effects-of-combination-therapy-of-alendronate-and-hormonal-therapy-on-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-korean-women-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Byung Koo Yoon, Dong Yun Lee, Man Chul Park, Soo Hyun Cho, Hyoung Moo Park, Young Min Choi
This study evaluated the effects of combination treatment with alendronate (ALEN) and hormone therapy (HT) on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal Korean women. This multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial enrolled 344 postmenopausal women with low BMD. The women received HT (0.625 mg/day of conjugated equine estrogen and 2.5 mg/day of medroxyprogesterone acetate) alone or in combination with ALEN (10 mg/day) for 1 year. Changes in BMD and biochemical markers of bone turnover were evaluated...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473803/contemporary-medical-management-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Julius Simoni Leere, Jesper Karmisholt, Maciej Robaczyk, Peter Vestergaard
INTRODUCTION: Primary hyperparathyroidism is increasingly an asymptomatic disease at diagnosis, but the recognized guidelines for management are based on evidence obtained from studies on patients with symptomatic disease, and surgery is not always indicated. Other patients are unable to undergo surgery, and thus a medical treatment is warranted. This systematic review provides an overview of the existing literature on contemporary pharmaceutical options available for the medical management of primary hyperparathyroidism...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467646/intermittent-parathyroid-hormone-after-prolonged-alendronate-treatment-induces-substantial-new-bone-formation-and-increases-bone-tissue-heterogeneity-in-ovariectomized-rats
#10
Allison R Altman-Singles, Yonghoon Jeong, Wei-Ju Tseng, Chantal M J de Bakker, Hongbo Zhao, Carina Lott, Juhanna Robberts, Ling Qin, Lin Han, Do-Gyoon Kim, X Sherry Liu
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is often treated with bisphosphonates (e.g. alendronate, ALN), but over-suppression of bone turnover by long-term bisphosphonate treatment may decrease bone tissue heterogeneity. Thus, alternate treatment strategies after long-term bisphosphonates are of great clinical interest. The objective of the current study is to determine the effect of intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) following 12 weeks of alendronate (ALN, a bisphosphonate) treatment in 6-month-old, ovariectomized (OVX) rats on bone microarchitecture, bone remodeling dynamics, and bone mechanical properties at multiple length scales...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466630/bisphosphonates-use-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-cohort-and-case-control-studies
#11
Dawei Cai, Jian Qin, Guangxia Chen, Wan Feng, Jun Liu
INTRODUCTION: Studies evaluating the association between bisphosphonates exposure and gastric cancer risk have reached inconsistent conclusions. The purpose of this updated meta-analysis was to assess whether bisphosphonates exposure were associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched Pubmed and Embase database and reviewed reference lists of retrieved articles to identify potential studies. Study selection and data abstraction were performed by two independent observers...
May 2, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460213/use-of-low-dose-alendronate-improves-cranial-bone-repair-and-is-associated-with-an-increase-of-osteocalcin-an-experimental-study
#12
REVIEW
Juliana de Souza Vieira, Allen Fernando Giovanini, Isabela Göhringer, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Thaís Andrade Costa-Casagrande, Tatiana Miranda Deliberador
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate cranial bone repair and remodeling after systemic application of alendronate (ALN), using histologic analysis, histometric analysis, and immunohistochemistry (osteocalcin). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female rabbits (n = 28) were randomly divided into 2 groups: control (C) and ALN treated (A). Group A received 3 systemic intraperitoneal injections of ALN weekly for 4 weeks, at a dose of 0.2 mg/kg. Group C received intraperitoneal injections of physiologic saline for the same period...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457207/early-and-marked-enhancement-of-new-bone-quality-by-alendronate-loaded-collagen-sponge-combined-with-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-at-high-dose-a-long-term-study-in-calvarial-defects-in-a-rat-model
#13
Tae Hyung Cho, In Sook Kim, Beomseok Lee, Si-Nae Park, Jae-Hyung Ko, Soon Jung Hwang
Choice of appropriate biomaterial is a key factor for the success of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP)-2 therapy. Inspired by the osteogenic cell differentiating and osteoclast suppressing capabilities of alendronate (ALN), we manufactured a composite type of ALN-loaded collagen sponge (ALN-CS) which controls the early detrimental effect of high-dose rhBMP-2. This study aimed to evaluate ALN-CS as a high-dose rhBMP-2 carrier by investigating its initial bio-molecular effect and efficacy on intramembranous ossification at 1, 4, 8 and 24 weeks using a rat calvarial defect model, compared with non-loaded CS...
April 29, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453453/whole-body-vibration-versus-magnetic-therapy-on-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-osteoporotic-individuals
#14
Alsayed Abd Elhameed Shanb, Enas Fawzy Youssef, Qassim Ibrahim Muaidi, Abdullah Ahmed Alothman
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis, which develops gradually and progresses without significant signs and symptoms, is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions associated with aging. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) or magnetic therapy in addition to standard pharmacological treatment on bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly individuals being treated for osteoporosis. METHODS: Eighty-five participants, 60-75 years of age, were randomly divided into three groups...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450564/diagnostic-pet-imaging-of-mammary-microcalcifications-using-64-cu-dota-alendronate-in-a-rat-model-of-breast-cancer
#15
Bradley J Ahrens, Lin Li, Alexandra K Ciminera, Junie Chea, Erasmus Poku, James R Bading, Michael R Weist, Marcia M Miller, David M Colcher, John E Shively
The development of improved breast cancer screening methods is hindered by a lack of cancer specific imaging agents and effective small animal models to test them. The purpose of this study was to evaluate (64)Cu-DOTA-alendronate as a mammary microcalcification targeting PET imaging agent, using an ideal rat model. Our long-term goal is to develop (64)Cu-DOTA-alendronate for the detection and non-invasive differentiation of malignant versus benign breast tumors with PET. Methods: DOTA-alendronate was synthesized, radiolabeled with (64)Cu and administered to normal or tumor-bearing aged, female, retired breeder, Sprague Dawley rats for PET imaging...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449186/the-risk-of-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-low-dose-aspirin-users
#16
W-C Chen, K-H Lin, Y-T Huang, T-J Tsai, W-C Sun, S-K Chuah, D-C Wu, P-I Hsu
BACKGROUND: Aspirin increases the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. AIM: To investigate the risk of lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) in aspirin users. METHODS: Low-dose (75-325 mg daily) aspirin users and controls matched by age, gender and enrollment time in a 1:5 ratio were selected from 1 million randomly sampled subjects in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Cox proportional hazard regression models were developed to evaluate the predictors of LGIB with adjustments for age, gender, comorbidities including coronary artery disease, ischaemic stroke, diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, liver cirrhosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dyslipidemia, uncomplicated peptic ulcer disease, history of peptic ulcer bleeding, and concomitant use of clopidogrel, ticlopidine, warfarin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, steroids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), nitrates, alendronate, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and calcium channel blockers...
April 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448754/clinical-evaluation-of-cost-efficacy-of-drugs-for-treatment-of-osteoporosis-a-meta-analysis
#17
Stewart G Albert, Supraja Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost efficacy of available regimens for therapy of osteoporosis as defined as the cost time's number need to treat to prevent one fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Existing meta-analyses were supplemented through electronic databases SCOPUS and PubMED between 2013 (a date overlapping the latest meta-analyses) and March 2016. Primary references included all randomized controlled trials of anti-osteoporotic drugs versus comparators using search terms "osteoporosis", "random" and "trial"...
April 27, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441892/changes-in-blood-and-urinary-cadmium-levels-and-bone-mineral-density-according-to-osteoporosis-medication-in-individuals-with-an-increased-cadmium-body-burden
#18
S-Y Eom, D-H Yim, S-M Hong, Y-D Kim, H Kim, B-S Choi, J-D Park, C-H Park, G-B Kim, S-D Yu
The aim of this study was to assess changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and cadmium (Cd) levels in blood and urine in individuals living in a Cd-contaminated area according to the type of osteoporosis medication over a three-year period. This follow-up study included 204 residents living in the vicinity of a closed copper refinery, who had been found to have elevated urinary or blood Cd levels. Cd levels in the blood and urine, as well as BMD, were measured every 6 months. After the first BMD measurement, individuals were prescribed antiresorptives such as alendronate or vitamin D and calcium, according to their BMD...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437193/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-photobiomodulation-on-biomechanical-properties-and-hounsfield-unit-of-partial-osteotomy-healing-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-type-i-diabetes-and-osteoporosis
#19
Ataroalsadat Mostafavinia, Reza Ahadi, Mohammadamin Abdollahifar, Seyed Kamran Ghorishi, Ali Jalalifirouzkouhi, Mohammad Bayat
BACKGROUND: Pulsed wave (PW) lasers exhibit biostimulatory effects on fractures in healthy and diabetic animals. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effects of photobiomodulation on bone strength and Hounsfield unit (HU) for repair of a bone defect in an experimental rat model of type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) and osteoporosis (OP). METHODS: We divided 30 female rats into six groups of n = 5 per group: (1) ovariectomy (OVX) control, (2) OVX + PW laser and no TIDM, (3) OVX control + TIDM, (4) OVX + TIDM + PW laser, (5) OVX + TIDM + alendronate, and (6) OVX + TIDM + PW laser + alendronate...
February 22, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435582/transient-osteoporosis-of-the-hip-a-case-report
#20
K Pande, T T Aung, J F Leong, I Bickle
Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a benign, selflimiting condition characterised by acute onset groin pain in adults. Early diagnosis is important to differentiate it from progressive conditions such as osteonecrosis. We report on a middle-aged male who presented with right groin pain without any prior trauma. The diagnosis of transient osteoporosis of hip was confirmed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and he was successfully treated with a course of Alendronate sodium, anti-inflammatory analgesics and a period of non-weight bearing ambulation...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
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